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# CONFIDENTIAL

UNIVERSITI
TEKNOLOGI
MARA
PULAU PINANG

## PROGRAM CODE: EC221 COURSE CODE : CES 422 en

LECTURER: ....................................................................................... (.)
SEMESTER: SEP-JANUARY 2018
CO2: Analyze internal forces and deformation due to the external forces and <:(
moments including torques. N ::C
PO2 : Ability to identify, formulate and analyse complex civil engineering
I- (.)
problems in reaching substantiated conclusions using principles of mathematics,
sciences and engineering. zw
W:i:
QUESTION MARKS CO2:PO2
�e
Q1(a)

Q1(b)
2

2
S2 5
en en
Q1(c) 7 en N
Q1 (d) 3
<:( N
Q2 (a) 2
en
Q2 (b) 4 w
(.)
Q2 (c) 4

Q3 6

TOTAL 30

Instruction to Students

2. All answers must be written in pen.
3. Action will be taken for those students who are found to copy 30
ASSIGNMENT2/NOV2018

QUESTION 1

Figure Q1 (a) shows a 2.5 m depth of precast culvert dedicated for rain water flow to
the detention pond. This culvert comprised of the wall and base. The wall can be
considered as a cantilever beam with fix connection at point A and free end at D as
exhibited in the figure.

The culvert bracing at C induces point load, P, resisting soil pressure when the culvert
is empty. The outer side of the culvert surface is subjected to a triangular load induced
by the soil pressure and uniformly distributed load (UDL) from the water pressure.

a) In your own words, explain the relationships between load, shear and bending
moments. (CO2:PO2, C2)
(2 marks)

b) Indicate and describe the differences between bending stress and shearing
stress in beams (CO2:PO2, C2)
(2 marks)

c) Develop the shear and moment equations for the culvert wall in terms of x
(taking x from the top of the wall). Then, illustrate the shear force and bending
moment diagram of the culvert wall if the P value is 15 kN and w is 30 kN/m
stating important values (CO2:PO2, C4)
(7 marks)

d) Figure Q2(b) presents the overall view of the culvert. Evaluate the thickness, t,
of the culvert wall if the ultimate bending stress that could cause crack to the
wall is 1.95 MPa. (CO2:PO2, C5)
(3 marks)
2.5 m
2m
1.5 m

w kN/m

40 kN/m

Figure Q1(a)

HA/GLD
ASSIGNMENT2/NOV2018

Thickness, t

1m

Figure Q1(b)

QUESTION 2

An wide flanged shaped simply supported steel beam shown in Figure Q2 supports a
uniformly distributed load from point A to C. Provided that w = 50 kN/m and E = 200
GPa:

## a) Describe and illustrate the boundary conditions of a simply supported and

cantilever beam. Consequently, state the condition for maximum deflection for
each type of beam (CO2:PO2, C2)
(2 marks)

b) Formulate the elastic curve equations for the beam using singularity functions
(Macaulay’s Method) (CO2:PO2, C3)
(4 marks)

## c) Based on the equations formulated in (b), determine the slope at support B

and deflection at point C (CO2:PO2, C4)
(4 marks)

y
w kN/m
B
A x
C
W310 x 44.5

3.5 m 4m

Figure Q2

HA/GLD
ASSIGNMENT2/NOV2018

Question 3

The design specifications of a 1.5 m long solid circular transmission shaft require that
the angle of twist of the shaft not exceed 5° when a torque of 825 Nm is applied.
Determine the required diameter of the shaft, knowing that the shaft is made of steel
with an allowable shearing stress of 102 MPa and a modulus of rigidity of 77 GPa.
(CO2:PO2, C4)
(6 marks)

HA/GLD