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Dianne Lim
Kevin Vallejo
Angel Bacarisas
Ehle Jayne Larita
Angelyn Macalalad
Desiree Mae Yandoc
Sam Gerald Caparida
Guennevere Gayle Dupa
Samantha Mae Resurrection
ST. THOMAS OF VILLANOVA
LIFE

He was born Tomás García y Martínez in Fuenllana, Spain, in 1488. His


father was a miller, who regularly distributed food and provisions to the poor, as
did his mother. He grew up and was educated in Villanueva de los Infantes, in
the Province of Ciudad Real, Spain, therefore the name Thomas of Villanueva.
At the age of sixteen years, Thomas entered the University of Alcalá de Henares
to study Arts and Theology. He became a professor there, teaching arts, logic,
and philosophy, despite a continuing absentmindedness and poor memory .In
1516, he decided to join the Augustinian friars in Salamanca and in 1518 was
ordained a priest.

Thomas was known as “father of the poor.” His continual charitable efforts
were untiring, especially towards orphans, poor women without a dowry, and
the sick. He possessed, however, an intelligent notion of charity, so that while he
was very charitable, he sought to obtain definitive and structural solutions to the
problem of poverty. Thomas died in Valencia on September 8, 1555 of angina at
the age of 67. His remains are preserved at the Cathedral there. He was
canonized by Pope Alexander VII on November 1, 1658. His feast day is
celebrated on September 22.

ROLE AND CONNECTIONS WITH THE OAR

St. Thomas of Villanova O.S.A. (1488 – 8 September 1555) was a Spanish


friar of the Order of Saint Augustine who was a noted preacher, ascetic and
religious writer of his day. He became an archbishop who was famous for the
extent of his care for the poor of his see.

He became renowned for his eloquent and effective preaching in the


churches of Salamanca. Thomas composed beautiful sermons, among which
stands out the Sermon on the Love of God, one of the great examples of sacred
oratory of the 16th century. Charles V, upon hearing him preach, exclaimed,
"This monsignor can move even the stones!" Charles named Thomas one of his
councilors of state and court preacher in Valladolid. Within the Order, he
successively held the positions of prior of his local monastery, Visitor General,
and Prior Provincial for Andalusia and Castile. In 1533, Thomas sent out the first
Augustinian friars to arrive in Mexico. In 1544 he was nominated as Archbishop of
Valencia and he continued to refuse the position until ordered to accept by his
superior. In 1547 he was ordained as a priest. Thomas started Presentation
Seminary in 1550.

DIMENSIONS OF FAITH

1. Believing
 “At age 28, after much deliberation, Thomas embraced a life of
chastity, poverty, and religious obedience with his entry into the
monastic Order of St. Augustine.”
 “Thomas made his first vows as an Augustinian in 1517 and was
ordained a priest in 1518.”
2. Doing
 “He taught theology within his order and became renowned for his
eloquent and effective preaching in the churches of Salamanca. This
led to his appointment as a court preacher and adviser to the Holy
Roman Emperor Charles V.”
 “Given a donation to decorate his residence, he funnelled the money
to a hospital in need of repair. After his installation, he visited local
prisons and ordered changes to be made in response to their
inhumane conditions.”
3. Entrusting
 “While continuing his life of monastic asceticism, the archbishop
worked to improve the spiritual lives and living conditions of the
faithful.”
 “He gave special attention to the needs of the poor, feeding and
sheltering them in his own residence. During the same period he
worked to promote education, restore religious orthodoxy, and reform
the lifestyles of clergy and laypersons.”
ST. AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO
LIFE

 St. Augustine, also called Saint Augustine of Hippo, original Latin name
Aurelius Augustinus
 born on November 13, 354, Tagaste, Numidia
 bishop of Hippo from 396 to 430, one of the Latin Fathers of the Church
and perhaps the most significant Christian thinker after St. Paul.
 Augustine has one brother and one sister.
 He is the only one among his family that was able to be educated
 365, goes to school in Madaura
 371, Goes to study rhetoric in Carthage
 371 – 373, his father dies, his son Adeodatus is born
 376, begins to teach rhetoric in Carthage (he returned to Carthage to
teach rhetoric, the premier science for the Roman gentleman, and he
was evidently very good at it.)
 383, At the age of 28, restless and ambitious, Augustine left Africa to make
his career in Rome
 384, become professor of rhetoric in Milan
 387, is converted, retreats to Cassiciasum
 390s to the 410s, he was preoccupied with the struggle to make his own
brand of Christianity prevail over all others in Africa.
 391, is ordained priest at Hippo
 396, He become bishop of Hippo
 Augustine’s educational background and cultural milieu trained him for
the art of rhetoric: declaring the power of the self through speech that
differentiated the speaker from his fellows and swayed the crowd to
follow his views.
 400, writes his confessions
 413-426, writes the city of God, on the trinity, and the education
approaching his 60th year, Augustine found a last great challenge for
himself. Taking offense at the implications of the teachings of a traveling
society preacher named Pelagius
 427, writes his retractions
 430, Dies at Hippo, August 28
ROLE AND CONNECTIONS WITH THE OAR

The Augustinian Recollects were formally recognized as an Order in the


Catholic Church in 1912. Based on fidelity of to the rule of St. Augustine.

The purpose of the Augustinian Recollection is that which is proper to an


Order or religious body brought into being in response to the inspiration of the
Holy Spirit and approved by the authority of the Church.

Its members, living in community as brothers, desire to follow and imitate


Christ, poor, obedient, and chaste; they search for the truth, serving the Church;
they endeavor to achieve perfect charity according to the charism of St.
Augustine and in conformity with the spirit of our early legislation, most especially
our Forma de Vivir.

The aforementioned charism of St. Augustine is subsumed in the love of


God without condition, that unites hearts and souls in the common life of
brotherhood and is diffused outward toward all human beings in the hope of
winning and uniting all people in Christ within His Church.

The Order of Augustinian Recollects is rightfully a true heir of the religious


family founded by St. Augustine. The life, doctrine, and Rule of St. Augustine are
the spiritual patrimony of the Order, as are the example of sanctity and self-
abnegation for the Kingdom of God that were given throughout the centuries
by so many illustrious religious whose lives have given splendor to the great
Augustinian family.

DIMENSIONS OF FAITH

1. Believing
 At the age of 31, Augustine had a supernatural experience “as if a light
of relief from all anxiety flooded into my heart.” It was then that “all the
shadows of doubt were dispelled” and he accepted God as part of his
life.
 In his struggle against evil, Augustine believed in a hierarchy of being in
which God was the Supreme Being on whom all other beings, that is,
all other links in the great chain of being, were totally dependent. All
beings were good because they tended back toward their creator
who had made them from nothing.
 Included in Augustine's theodicy is the claim that God created humans
and angels as rational beings possessing free will. Free will was not
intended for sin, meaning it is not equally predisposed to both good
and evil. A will defiled by sin is not considered as "free" as it once was
because it is bound by material things, which could be lost or be
difficult to part with, resulting in unhappiness.
2. Doing
 He wrote profusely, expositing and defending the faith, and to this day
many of his two hundred treatises, some three hundred sermons are of
major import in theology and philosophy
 Augustine’s adaptation of classical thought to Christian teaching
created a theological system of great power and lasting influence.
 Of the two great traditions in liberal education, the oratorical and the
philosophical, Augustine is distinctly an orator. He believed more in
imparting the truth to students than in supporting the individual
student's quest for truth. He used the dialogical mode as one who
knows the truth, unlike the Greek philosopher Socrates, who used
dialogue as one who does not know anything. He thus established a
Christian philosophy, which has influenced scholars and educators
throughout the history of the West.
 Augustine taught the church that God is a Trinity of love. He certainly
did not invent the idea that God is love. Augustine also taught the
church that the Word of God is to be found in the Bible and nowhere
else. Augustine further taught that God created the world for a
purpose.
 Believing that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human
freedom, he helped formulate the doctrine of original sin and made
seminal contributions to the development of just war theory. When the
Western Roman Empire began to disintegrate, Augustine imagined the
Church as a spiritual City of God, distinct from the material Earthly City.
His thoughts profoundly influenced the medieval worldview. The
segment of the Church that adhered to the concept of the Trinity as
defined by the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople
closely identified with Augustine's On the Trinity.
 Although Augustine did not develop an independent Mariology, his
statements on Mary surpass in number and depth those of other early
writers. Even before the Council of Ephesus, he defended the Ever-
Virgin Mary as the Mother of God, believing her to be "full of grace"
(following earlier Latin writers such as Jerome) on account of her sexual
integrity and innocence. Likewise, he affirmed that the Virgin Mary
"conceived as virgin, gave birth as virgin and stayed virgin forever".
 In City of God, Augustine rejected both the immortality of the human
race proposed by pagans, and contemporary ideas of ages (such as
those of certain Greeks and Egyptians) that differed from the Church's
sacred writings. In The Literal Interpretation of Genesis, Augustine took
the view that everything in the universe was created simultaneously by
God, and not in seven calendar days as a literal interpretation of
Genesis would require. He argued that the six-day structure of creation
presented in the Book of Genesis represents a logical framework, rather
than the passage of time in a physical way – it would bear a spiritual,
rather than physical, meaning, which is no less literal.
 Augustine has 2 works which really stand out which is the The City of
God and Confessions. For Augustine, “confessions” is a catchall term
for acts of religiously authorized speech: praise of God, blame of self,
confession of faith. Moreover, "The City of God" tells how seriously or
widely such arguments were made; paganism by this time was in
disarray, and Christianity’s hold on the reins of government was
unshakable. But Augustine saw in the murmured doubts a splendid
polemical occasion he had long sought, and so he leapt to the
defense of God’s ways.
3. Entrusting
 For Augustine the defining moment of his life was the time of his
religious conversion to an intense and highly individual form of
Christianity. He dated this experience to his time in Milan, and in
relation to this he explained his ensuing career.
 When Augustine accepted baptism at the hands of Ambrose in 387,
thereby joining the religion of his mother to the cultural practices of his
father, he managed to make it a Christianity of his own.
 Augustine grappled with the reality of this paradox. He focused on
God’s nature in scripture and God’s apparent desire for humanity
Quiz: St. Augustine and St. Thomas of Villanova

Test I:
1. Thomas was known as “___________.”
2. “At age ____, after much deliberation, Thomas embraced a life of
chastity, poverty, and religious obedience with his entry into the monastic
Order of St. Augustine.”
3. St. Augustine is also called Saint Augustine of _____.
4. The feast day of St. Thomas is celebrated on________.
5. For Augustine, “_________” is a catchall term for acts of religiously authorized
speech: praise of God, blame of self, confession of faith.

Test 2: Write Thomas if the statement pertains to St. Thomas of Villanova; and write
Augustine if it pertains to St. Augustine.

1. At the age of 31, __________ had a supernatural experience “as if a light of


relief from all anxiety flooded into my heart.”
2. _________’s theodicy is the claim that God created humans and angels as
rational beings possessing free will.
3. _____ has 2 works which really stand out which is the The City of God and
Confessions.
4. ______ taught the church that God is a Trinity of love.
5. At age 28, after much deliberation, ________ embraced a life of chastity,
poverty, and religious obedience with his entry into the monastic Order of
St. Augustine.
6. . “Given a donation to decorate his residence, he funnelled the money to
a hospital in need of repair. After his installation, he visited local prisons
and ordered changes to be made in response to their inhumane
conditions.”
7. While continuing his life of monastic asceticism, the archbishop worked to
improve the spiritual lives and living conditions of the faithful.
Answer

Test 1 TEST 2

1. father of the poor 1. Augustine


2. 28 2. Augustine
3. Hippo 3. Augustine
4. September 22 4. Augustine
5. confession/s 5. Thomas
6. Thomas
7. Thomas

References:

https://www.catholicnewsagency.com/saint/st-thomas-of-villanova-710

https://www.catholicnewsagency.com/saint/st-thomas-of-villanova-710

https://www.catholicnewsagency.com/saint/st-thomas-of-villanova-710

http://www.augustinianrecollects.us/index.php?option=com_content&vie
w=article&id=47&lang=en

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Villanova