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Q: Write a detailed note on the kinds/Types of Comedy elements can help you increase in value and converse plays

value and converse plays that is seen


Comedy is a literary genre and a type of dramatic work that is satirical in and read.
its tone, mostly having cheerful ending. The idea of this dramatic work is The 5 characteristics of drama are:
achievement over unpleasant circumstance by which to create comic  Idea/Plot
effects, resulting in happy or successful conclusion. Thus, the purpose of  Characters
comedy is to please the audience. Comedy has multiple sub-genres  Language
depending upon source of humor, context in which an author delivers  Music
dialogues, which include farce, satire and burlesque. Tragedy, in  Performance
contrast, is opposite to comedy, as tragedy deals with sorrowful and People interpret drama in different ways, and what are considered the
tragic events in a story. 'key elements' of the medium may vary, depending on whether you're in
Types of Comedy the audience or actually part of the cast. An additional way to describe
 Romantic Comedy the characteristics of drama would be to look at it to go through
This type of drama involves the theme of love leading to happy between inceptions through to being performed in front of a live
conclusion. We find romantic comedy in Shakespearean plays and some audience.
Elizabethan contemporaries. These plays are concerned with idealized The following could all be seen as characteristics of dramatic
love affairs. It is a composite genre which center’s mostly on the performances:
variations of young lovers, who get happily united in the end. It is a fact  script/text/scenario/plan
that the true love never runs smooth; however, love overcomes the  the process
difficulties and ends in a happy union. The best examples for this genre  the product
are to be found in Shakespeare’s works, e.g.: A Midsummer Night’s  the audience
Dream, As You Like It. Drama was broadly categorized into three different forms, viz. opera,
 Comedy of Humors pantomime, and creative drama.
Is a form of drama typical at the end of the 16th and the beginning of the Opera: this form was accepted warmly during the Renaissance period
17th century; by Ben Johnson the first dramatist with a belief that due to its versatility. Theater and music were in perfect harmony, and
people’s actions are governed by their dominant bodily humor, its the actors displayed exceptional acting and singing skills.
characters are ruled by a particular passion or trait. The term humor Pantomimes: These were composed keeping the theme of folk tales as
derives from Latin word ‘humor’ that means liquid. It comes from a the primary element, and symbolism occupied a prominent position. It
theory that human body has four liquids or humors, which was organized in the form of masques, where characters wore elaborate
include phelgm, blood, yellow bile and black bile. It explains that when costumes and makeup.
human beings have balance of these humors in their bodies, they remain Creative drama: It is the modern version of drama, which was
healthy. The first and most significant playwright of the genre was Ben popularized mostly by youngsters, possessing innate acting skills. Stage
Jonson, in his Every Man in His Humour and Every Man Out of His shows and theaters were organized in schools and colleges, which
Humour. provided a platform for students to exhibit their talent.
 Comedy of Manners The components of drama are: theme, plot, audio-visual effects, and
Also called ‘Restoration comedy’ or ‘artificial comedy’; is a form of music. All these elements must be synchronized perfectly for creating a
dramatic genre deals with intrigues and relations of ladies and masterpiece.
gentlemen, living in a sophisticated society. The comedy of manners Characteristics of a Drama
depicts a stylish society, mainly the middle and upper classes, its focus is Drama reflects human behavior in the form of a story through acting and
on elegance, with characters of fashion and rank, but also would-be dance. This creative art form is renowned throughout the world as
nobles, fops, country bumpkins, ambitious social climbers, and so on. drama. It is a means of self-expression, where actors showcase their
This form relies upon high comedy, derived from sparkle and wit of inherent talents on stage and is interwoven with other elements, like
dialogues, social intrigue, violations of social traditions, and good music, dance, instruments, microphones, and lights, to make it more
manners by nonsense characters like jealous husbands, wives, adultery appealing to the audience. Theater and drama are collective terms, and
and cuckoldry and foppish dandies. We find its use in Restoration the basic component of the play is a story based on fictional events and
dramatists, particularly in the works of William Wycherley and William characters.
Congreve. Some of Shakespeare’s plays (e.g. Love’s Labour’s Lost, or Stages of Drama:
Much Ado About Nothing) can be considered examples of this genre, as  Proscenium stage – A stage where the audience sit on one
are the plays of Molière, Sheridan, and Oscar Wilde. side only (you might know this as end-on staging). The
 Sentimental Comedy audience face one side of the stage directly, and normally sit
Sentimental drama contains both comedy and sentimental tragedy. It at a lower height facing the acting area this is called a
appeared as a reaction against the immoral comedy of manners, which proscenium stage
emphasized vices and faults of people; sentimental comedy focused on  In-the-round stage – An in-the-round stage – is positioned at
the virtues of private life, with simple and honorable characters. This the center of the audience – i.e. there are audience around
form gained popularity among the middle class audiences in eighteenth the entire stage. This type of stage creates quite an intimate
century. This drama incorporates scenes with extreme emotions evoking atmosphere, and is good for drama that needs audience
excessive pity. Some typical examples can be found in the work of Oliver involvement. The stage does not need to be circle but there
Goldsmith and Robert Steele; nevertheless, on the whole, the genre did are seats all around it.
not prove to be as enduring as its forerunners, and it is not often
performed any more.  Traverse stage – A stage where the audience sits on two sides
 Tragicomedy is called a traverse stage. Again, this type of stage is good for
This dramatic genre contains both tragic and comedic elements. It blends creating an intimate atmosphere. Traverse when the audience
both essentials to lighten an overall mood of the play. Often, sits on two side s.
tragicomedy is a serious play that ends happily.
Types of Drama
Drama is one of the best literary forms through which dramatists can
Q: Drama Definition / Types/ Characteristics/ Elements directly speak to their readers or audience as well as they can receive
Drama is intended to replicate human behavior and action in the midst
instant feedback of audience. Drama is a mode of fictional
of tragedy and everyday life. A number of genres exist within drama,
representation through dialogue and performance. A few dramatists use
each with their own storytelling methods, character types and dramatic
their characters as a vehicle to convey their thoughts, values such as
approach. There are four main genres of drama: the tragedy, comedy,
poets do with personas, and novelists do with narrators. In drama the
melodrama and tragicomedy. Understanding the characteristics of these
characters live out a story without any comments of the author,
genres generates a basic understanding of the influences and types of
providing the audience a direct presentation of characters’ life
theater being created today.
experiences.
Drama is a distinctive fictitious form because they are intended to be
performed out on a stage before an audience. The word ‘drama’ comes
from the Greek word ‘dran’ meaning to act or to do. Drama brings a Since drama uses spoken words and dialogues, thus language of
story to life before our eyes, the story of a play or drama is told through characters plays a vital role, as it may give clues to their feelings,
dialogue and action and is combined with the setting that the audience personalities, backgrounds, and change in feelings, etc. It is one of the
perceives essentially from scenery and props. Knowing about these
literary genres, which is an imitation of some action. Drama is also a type  The third element of drama, characters, describes the people
of a play written for theaters, televisions, radios and films. involved in the plot of the play.
In simple words, a drama is a composition in verse or prose presenting a  The fourth element, language, refers to the words chosen by
story in pantomime or dialogue, containing conflict of characters, the playwright as well as the way in which the characters
particularly the ones who perform in front of audience on the stage. The speak them. The dialect chosen helps drive the play and
person who writes drama for stage directions is known as a dramatist or shapes the background of individual characters.
playwright.  The fifth element, music, refers to any music that drives the
Few popular types of drama are listed below: play forward and heightens excitement or suspense
 Comedy – Comedies are lighter in tone than ordinary writers, throughout. Music is a part of most theatrical productions,
and provide a happy conclusion. A comedy makes us laugh but not all. The spectacle element, or the props, scenery,
when the play is well-composed with the humorous elements. costumes, and special effects should also be considered when
The intention of dramatists in comedies is to make their studying drama, because these items play a large role in the
audience laugh. Hence, they use quaint circumstances, production of a play.
unusual characters and witty remarks. Composing a comical
drama requires high level of intellect and perceptive faculties,
because provoking laughter is not as easy as it may seem.
 Melodrama – Melodrama is exaggeration of emotions, which
is sensational and appeals directly to the senses of audience. a
superbly executed melodramatic plot can absorb you
completely. They usually depict the good and evil aspects of
the characters involved. Just like the farce, the characters are
of single dimension and simple, or may be stereotyped.
 Tragedy – Tragic dramas are one of the oldest forms of drama.
It exposes the plight and suffering of humans to the audience.
They use darker themes such as disaster, pain, ruins of a
dynasty, moral setback, downfall of man, personal loss,
emotional betrayals, death, and denials. Protagonists often
have a tragic flaw—a characteristic that leads them to their
downfall.
 Fantasy: It is a fictional work where characters virtually
display supernatural skills. It is more appealing to children as
fairies, angels, superheroes, etc., are embedded in the plot.
Use of magic, pseudo science, horror, and spooky themes
through various kinds of technical devices create a perfect
world of fantasy. The modern version of drama incorporates a
great deal of special effects.
 Musical Drama – Music, melody, and dance play a significant
role in a musical drama. In musical drama, the dramatists not
only tell their story through acting and dialogue, nevertheless
through dance as well as music. Often the story may be
comedic, though it may also involve serious subjects. Here,
the story is conveyed through music and dance along with
dialogs and acting. Musical drama became popular as opera,
which is still considered to be intensely sensuous.
 Farce – Generally, a farce is a nonsensical genre of drama,
which often overacts or engages slapstick humor. It uses
highly improbable situations, stereotyped characters,
extravagant exaggeration, and violent horseplay.

Elements of Drama
In drama, a mime is a person who conveys a
story by means of pantomime. Mimes
nowadays are thought of as people in white
face paint and black clothes doing comedy.
Naturalism in drama refers to the belief that a play should try to
represent reality as closely as possible. Realism in drama occurs when a
play resembles real life, such as showing political events that occurred
within a country. Depending on the era, these events were relevant to
society.
Elements of Drama are:
 The first element of drama, explicitly the thought, theme, and
ideas of a production, describes what the play means as
conflicting to what happens throughout the plot. It deals with
the complete messages of a production.
 The second element of drama, action and plot, deals with
what happens throughout the production as well as the main
conflicts. It includes the exposition, the rising action, climax,
falling action and resolution of the play.