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Table of Contents

1 Theory of Operation ...............................................................................................................2-1


1.1 Gas Circuit System ......................................................................................................1-1
1.2 Theory of Operation of Ventilator ..............................................................................1-6
2 Circuit Board Diagram and Connection Terminal Definition ..................................................2-1
2.1 Power Board ...............................................................................................................2-1
2.1.1 Circuit Board and Connection Terminal......................................................... 2-1
2.1.2 Test Point ....................................................................................................... 2-3
2.2 Main Board .................................................................................................................2-4
2.2.1 Main Board Circuit Diagram and Connecting Terminals................................ 2-4
2.3 Display Panel ..............................................................................................................2-8
2.3.1 Display Board Circuit and Socket Connecting Position .................................. 2-8
2.3.2 Test Point ....................................................................................................... 2-9
3 Electrical Parameters..............................................................................................................3-1
4 Equipment Maintenance and Troubleshooting......................................................................4-1
4.1 Continuous Alarming Trouble Analysis .......................................................................4-1
4.2 Failure Elimination and Analysis of Anesthesia Machine ...........................................4-4
4.3 Trouble Elimination and Analysis of Anesthesia Ventilator ........................................4-5
4.4 Common Failure and Elimination Methods of Leaving Factory Equipment ...............4-7
4.5 Circuit Failure Elimination/Repairing Methods ..........................................................4-8
4.5.1 Main Board .................................................................................................... 4-8
4.5.2 Display Panel ................................................................................................. 4-9
4.5.3 Power Panel................................................................................................. 4-10
5 How to Get Assistance ...........................................................................................................5-1

i
1 Theory of Operation
Aeon7200 Anesthesia Machine is a continuous gas flow anesthesia system, installed
with gas circuit which can transfer oxygen, nitrous oxide, air and inspirable anesthetic.
Gas circuit can use oxygen and nitrous oxide. When using enflurane or isoflurane as
anesthetic( isoflurane vaporizer is an optional part),oxygen and nitrous oxide shall have
their pressure decrease to 600kPa~280kPa and then enter into anesthesia machine,
oxygen and air enter into flow meter respectively via the protective pressure regulator
inside anesthesia machine. For nitrous oxide, nitrous oxide operated valve can open and
nitrous oxide can enter into flow meter only when oxygen pressure remains above
0.02MPa. Otherwise, nitrous oxide cannot enter into the gas circuit of anesthesia
machine. Adjust the flow of oxygen, nitrous oxide and air by using the flow control valve
on flow meter. Oxygen and nitrous oxide have a linkage system to guarantee that oxygen
output is larger than 25%. Oxygen, nitrous oxide and air are mixed in flow meter. The
mixed gas takes part of the anesthetic vapor via anesthetic evaporator, and transfers it to
the breathing system directly from fresh gas outlet. The anesthetic gas or oxygen
transferred into the breathing system of patient maintains patient’s regular breathing
through automatic machine control (controlled by breathing machine) or manual mode
according to the specific ventilation and breathing mode. This machine has the
adjustable pressure limitation valve and gas overflow valve.

1.1 Gas Circuit System

The function of gas circuit system is to provide oxygen, nitrous oxide and anesthesia gas
to patient. The system pressure should be maintained within a normal range for ensuring
the normal operation of anesthesia machine and the safety of patient. Please see
diagram 1, 2, 3 for further reference.

1-1
Diagram 1: Aeon7200/Glory schematic diagram of gas circuit system

1-2
1 N2O supply 19 Safety Valve(8kPa)
2 O2 supply 20 Exhausting Valve(5kPa)
3 Filter 21 Pressure-relief valve
(0.1~0.3kPa)
4 Pressure Gauge 22 Bellows
5 Check Valve 23 Bag/Ventilator switch
6 O2 Regulator(400kPa) 24 Manual Reservoir Bag
7 Pressure Switch 25 APL Valve
8 N2O Cut Valve 26 Soda Lime Canister
9 N2O Flow meter 27 Inhalation valve
10 O2 Flow meter 28 Exhalation valve
11 O2+ Valve 29 Flow Sampling
12 Vaporizer 1 30 Pressure Sampling
13 Vaporizer 2 31 Patient End
14 Give into Atmosphere 32 Bag/Ventilator Control Valve
15 Inspiratory 33 Gas resistance
Electromagnetism Valve
16 Expiratory Control Valve 34 Cylinder Pressure Gauge
17 Throttle(control Vt) 35 Regulator
18 Air and Oxygen Mixed Device

1-3
Diagram 3: Glory plus schematic diagram of gas circuit system

1-4
1 N2O supply 20 Exhausting Valve(5kPa)
2 O2 supply 21 Pressure-relief valve
(0.1~0.3kPa)
3 Filter 22 Bellows
4 Pressure Gauge 23 Bag/Ventilator switch
5 Check Valve 24 Manual Reservoir Bag
6 O2 Regulator(400kPa) 25 APL Valve
7 Pressure Switch 26 Soda Lime Canister
8 Air Flow meter 27 Inhalation valve
9 N2O Flow meter 28 Exhalation valve
10 O2 Flow meter 29 Flow Sampling
11 O2+ Valve 30 Pressure Sampling
12 Vaporizer 1 31 Patient End
13 Vaporizer 2 32 Bag/Ventilator Control Valve
14 Give into Atmosphere 33 Gas resistance
15 Inspiratory 34 Air supply
Electromagnetism Valve
16 Expiratory Control Valve 35 Cylinder Pressure Gauge
17 Throttle(control Vt) 36 Regulator
18 Air and Oxygen Mixed Device 37 N2O Cut Valve
19 Safety Valve(8kPa)

1-5
1.2 Theory of Operation of Ventilator

Reducing valve mains its inside pressure at 0.25MPa~0.28MPa, by going through


which the high pressure oxygen flows at a lower pressure, then the oxygen outflows
through inspiration magnetic valve and throttle, the outflow oxygen is for driving bellows
in the anesthesia machine. The flow speed of input gas could be controlled by adjustable
manual throttle. For patient’s safety, a safety valve is installed in the airway pipe to limit
the maximum airway pressure, when airway pressure exceeds the safety pressure
limitation of 8kPa in the circuit system, the safety valve automatically releases gas
outside.,

In the inspiration phase, input gas goes through driving bellows loop which makes
anesthesia gas flows to patient via flow search unit., meanwhile, pressure sensor and
flow sensor are connected with sampling pipe of flow search unit for sampling, and then
turn sampling data to monitoring parameters of inspiration phase.

In the expiration phase, the gas exhaled by patient flows back to anesthesia loop through
flow search unit, meanwhile, pressure sensor and flow sensor are connected with
sampling pipe of flow search unit for sampling, and then turn sampling data to monitoring
parameters of expiration phase.

During the whole respiratory process, oxygen sensor processes sampling of anesthesia
loop gas and turns it into voltage signals which will be sent to the main control board. The
main control board is used for monitoring oxygen concentration of anesthesia loop.

A whole respiratory process is controlled by inspiration electromagnetic valve and


expiration electromagnetic valve. During inspiration process, inspiration electromagnetic
valve is unbarred, while expiration electromagnetic valve as well as expiration valve is
turned off; during expiration process, inspiration electromagnetic valve is turned off,
while expiration electromagnetic valve is unbarred, but expiration valve is turned off.
Both processes are controlled by electric unit. As is showed in the simplified char, main
control board takes charge of adjusting and controlling some units of machine operation
process, such as inspiration time, expiration time, expiration valve control signal,
acquisition and processing of sensor signals. By communicating with display panel
through serial port, main control board could realize the functions of alarming signal
output, keyboard decoding and LCD display. Power supply panel mainly functions as
supplying power for the normal machine operation and alarming when system switching
off.

1-6
P ower S ock et 1 0A/2 50 V
L N

F1 F2
1A25 0V 1A25 0V

S wi tch
N DC30 V+ DC12 V

L
Switc hing Power Supply
R DC30 V- DC5V
Power management

DC24 V+
Control and display

B at te ry
DC24 V-

DC24 V+

Diagram 2 Power Supply Unit Schematic Diagram of Glory/7200

1-7
1-8
Lcd
Key bo ard

Data
Dis pla y C on trol Uni t
Data B ackl ig ht
Lc d c ont roler
12 V

Data
12V
Exh al e_ Va lu e

Diagram 1
In h al e_ Va lu e

Man u al _Val u e

C PU a n d Driver Pr essure switc h

Flow S a m pli n g
S wi tchi ng power s uppl y me ta l sh ie ld
Pr essure Sampling

Mach in e cas in g
Oxygen sensor

12V
5V
Data
fu se 2 *2 50 V/1 A
A3 0V+ A3 0V+
N N
P ower l in e a ss em bly
A3 0V- A3 0V-
P ower m a na ge m en t P ower s ocke t
L L
Switc hing Power Supply
B2 4V-

Electric Block Diagram of Glory/7200


B2 4V+ E E

B 24V+
B 24V-

S wi tch B at te ry
DB9 /RS 23 2 ca bl e Ke y bo a rd LCD

2 4V Displ ay board
B at te ry 1 + Power board(Power management) Main board

RXD
TXD
B at te ry 2 -

Data
Powe r-off alar m
2 *2 50 V/1A
Data
L Data C PU In ve rt e r
Powe r Monitoring
Display controler

Switch
LCD controler

E
5V
G ND
LCD- O N
N 2 8V P 12 V 5V
DC -DC

Switching Power Supply


DC -DC
A12 V
3

DC-DC

SGND
PGND
AGND

Data/Control c onnecting cable


-12V

Diagram 4 Basic Electric Schematic Diagram of Glory/7200


Signal amplific ation
valve
valve

Sensor
expiration

Pressure
inspiration

Flow Sensor
control valve
Manual/auto

Pr essure Se nsor
Board Flow S e ns or B oa rd B ELL Ox ygen Sens or Sampling

1-9
2 Circuit Board Diagram and Connection
Terminal Definition

2.1 Power Board

2.1.1 Circuit Board and Connection Terminal

J3(Switch Power & Place of Battery Connection)

Pin Definition Color Statement Connecting


Wire
1 Battery 24V+ Yellow Connect with positive pole of each
2 Battery 24V+ Yellow two batteries(12V)
Connect with negative pole of
3 Battery 24V- Black
each two batteries(12V) W15 Cable
Switch Connect with 4、5、6 output ports
4 Black
Power28V- of switch power
5 Switch Red Connect with 1、2、3 output ports

2-1
Powe28V+ of switch power

J5(Connection position of connection wire of boat-form switch)

Pin Definition Color Statement Connection Wire


1 Out-boat form Red Connect with boat-form
switch of power switch 2a.
supply
2 In-boat form Red Connect with boat-form
switch of power switch 2.
W14 Cable
supply
3 Ground Yellow Connect with boat-form
switch 1a.
4 Normal Yellow Connect with boat-form
switch 1.
J6 (Position to connect power board and main board communicating wire)

Pin Definition Color Statement Connection Wire


1 GND Ground
2 LAMP_P Lamp Positive
3 LAMP Lamp(unused in circuit)
4 Alarm Alarming
Off-white
5 BELL Buzzer
winding W6 Cable
6 SDI SPI interface signal in
displacement
7 SCK SPI interface clock
8 IN-STB SPI enabling
9 SDO/NC SPI interface signal out
10 PB-SILENCE Power board-silence
J7 (Place for connecting power panel and power lead of main board)

Pin Definition Color Statement Connection Wire


1 VCC Red Chip operating pressure W7 Cable
+5V
2 GND Black Digital ground
3 A+12V Yellow Analogue power 12V
4 GND Black Analogue ground
5 GND Black Power ground
6 P12V Yellow Power 12V

2-2
2.1.2 Test Point

Test Definition Parameters Statement


Point
T1 VCC 5±0.5V Power output 5V
T2 A+12V 12±0.5V Power output analogue power 12V
T3 P12V 12±0.5V Power output analogue power 12V
T4 +5V 5±0.5V Operating power of power board
T5 GND 0V Ground
T6 POWER_DC 27-30V Switch power acts as power panel voltage.
T7 PWBUS 24-30V Battery/switch power voltage after switching on
soft switch on power board
T8 BAT+ 20-24V Battery acts as power panel voltage.
T9 V_CAP 1V-4V Power storage farad capacitance voltage

2-3
2.2 Main Board

2.2.1 Main Board Circuit Diagram and Connecting Terminals

Diagram 2 Main Board PCB Panel Diagram of glory/7200

2-4
J2 (the same as power boardJ7)

J3(the same as power boardJ6)

J7(Connecting position of pressure switch cable W2)

Pin Definition Color Statement Connection Wire


1 VCC Green Pressure Switch Power 5V W2 Cable
2 NC Empty
3 Black It is normal when status is below
SDATA zero, the origin is low when status
is above 1.
S2(Connecting position of oxygen sensor cable)

Pin Definition Color Statement Connection Wire


1 FIO2+ Green Oxygen Sensor Signal-positive W4 Cable
2 FIO2- Black Oxygen Sensor Signal-negative
J4(Connection position of main board and display board communicating wire)

Pin Definition Statement Pin Definition Statement Wire


and the
Color
1 GND Ground Wire 9 V+12V Display board W8
entrance power 12V cable
2 RXD Serial port RS232 10 IN-DAT SPI Data off-white
receiving flat wire
3 TXD Serial port RS232 11 IN-CLK SPI clock
sending
4 SILENCE Silence 12 IN-STB SPI enabling
5 LAMP-P Lamp power 13 D+12V Inverter Power 12V
6 BELL Bell alarming control 14 D+12V Inverter Power 12V
7 AGND Analogue Ground 15 PGND Power Ground
8 AGND Analogue Ground 16 PGND Power Ground

2-5
J9(Connecting position of RS232 connecting cable on computer)

Pin Definition Statement Pin Definition Statement Wire


and the
Color
1 GND Ground Wire 6 GND Ground Wire W3
2 RXD Serial Port 7 GND Ground Wire cable
Receiving off-white
3 TXD Serial Port Sending 8 GND Ground Wire flat wire
4 GND Ground Wire 9 GND Ground Wire
5 VCC +5V Power 10 GND Ground Wire
J11(Cable Connection Position of Main Board and Flow Sensor)

Pin Definition Statement Pin Definition Statement Wire


and the
Color
1 A+12V Analogue Power12V 14 NC Empty W21
2 Flow Flow Data 15 NC Empty cable
3 NC Empty 16 P+12V Power12V off-white
4 NC Empty 17 P+12V Power12V flat wire
5 Pair Environment 18 Inhale Inspiration valve
Pressure Data Value negative
6 Paw Airway Pressure 19 Manual Manual/auto
Data Value controlling valve
negative
7 NC Empty 20 Exhale Expiration valve
Value negative
8 GND Ground Wire 21 Exhale Expiration valve
Value negative
9 AGND Analogue Ground 22 AGND Analogue Ground
10 AGND Analogue Ground 23 AGND Analogue Ground
11 P+12V Power12V 24 PGND Power Ground
12 P+12V Power12V 25 PGND Power Ground
13 NC Empty

2-6
2> Every Test Point

Test Definition Parameters Statement


Point
T2 FIO2 0.85-1.05V Test referential voltage after connecting oxygen
sensor adjustable resistance R30
T5 Paw 0.55V Back normal voltage of side-adjusted resistance
could be adjusted by airway pressure.
T6 Flow 1.75±0.01 The normal status voltage of quality sensor and flow
sensor
T7 In Back 0.4-1.2V Valve is not well connected if the status voltage is
above 4V-5V when connecting valve.
T8 Ex Back 0.4-1.2V Valve is not well connected if the status voltage is
above 4V-5V when connecting valve.
T9 Manual 0.4-1.2V Valve is not well connected if the status voltage is
Back above 4V-5V when connecting valve.
T13 GAS-SW 3V-5V The voltage of normal status of pressure switch is
3V-5V, and the voltage of normal operation status is
below 0V-1V.
T16 AVCC 4.95-5.05V Analogue Power 5V
T17 A+12V 11.5-12.5V Analogue Power 12V
T18 P+12V 11.5-12.5V Power 12V
T19 AGND 0-0.05V Analogue Ground
T20 PGND 0-0.05V Power Ground
T21 GND 0-0.05V Data ground

2-7
2.3 Display Panel

2.3.1 Display Board Circuit and Socket Connecting Position

Diagram 3 Display Board PCB Board Diagram of glory/7200


J7(the same as main board J4)

J2(Connecting position of bell cable)

Pin Definition Color Statement Connection Wire


1 BELL Green Bell control W5Cable
2 NC Empty
3 GND Black Ground Wire
J6(Connection position of Inverter Cable )

Pin Definition Color Statement Connection Wire


1 +12V Yellow Inverter power 12V W9 Cable
2 GND Black Ground Wire
3 ON/OFF Red Backlight Switch
4 LIGHT White Contrast

2-8
J4(Cable Connection Position of Display Board and LCD Control Board)

Pin Definition Statement Connection wire and the


color
1-2 VCC LCD control board W13 cable off-white flat wire
voltage +5V
3 NC Empty
4-11 DATA1-DATA8 Data DA1-DA8
12 A15 Address A15
13 /WR Write
14 /RD Read
15 NC Empty
16 A14 Address A14
17 A13 Address A13
18 NC Empty
19-20 GND Ground Wire
J1(Connection Position of Facial Membrane and Display Panel Cable)

Pin Definition Statement Connection wire and the


color
1 LAMP_P AC Lamp power W10 cable off-white flat wire
2-9 SEG7-SEG0 Keyboard/lamp control
10-11 LED_DIG0- Lamp control
LED_DIG1
12-14 KEY_DIG0-KEY_DIG2 Key value control
15-16 GND Ground Wire

2.3.2 Test Point

Test Definition Parameters Statement


Point
T1 LCD+12V 11.5V-12.5V Input voltage of liquid crystal inverter
T2 IN+12V 11.5V-12.5V Input voltage of display board
T3 VCC+5V 4.95V-5.05V Operating voltage 5V of display board
T4 GND 0V-0.01V Ground Wire

2-9
3 Electrical Parameters
(Warning! Operating over parameter ranges may lead to equipment failure.)
Minimum Maximum
Items Rating Test Condition
Value Value
Network Source

Power voltage (V) 176 220/230 264 ——

Power frequency (Hz) 47 50/60 63 ——

Input current (A) 0.2 —— 1A Operating voltage 220V

Power Dissipation(VA) —— 31 50

Inner battery
Only operating with
Operating voltage (V) 22.5 24 25.6
battery
Charging Time(h) 4 8 —— ——

Discharging Time(min) —— 90 120 ——

3-1
4 Equipment Maintenance and
Troubleshooting

4.1 Continuous Alarming Trouble Analysis

Display Alarming Reason Solutions/Precautions


information level

AC power trouble Intermediate Wrong cable Check cable connection


connection
Power switch off Check power connection
Fuse break Check fuse

Low electricity Intermediate Battery Turn to use network source


quantity of exhaustion immediately.
battery(alarming Charging battery
is available when Battery failure
equipped with Switch to manual mode
battery)

Self-test failure Low Flow valve Readjust flow valve


adjustment
failure or flow
valve failure

High airway High Airway pressure Reset airway pressure upper limit
pressure above upper limit
Too much tidal Check expiration pipe and dispose
volume setup block
Patient’s airway Check tidal volume setup
block
Expiration valve Check patient’s airway and
block dispose block

Low airway High No driving gas Reset airway pressure lower limit
pressure Sampling pipe Check parallel sample pipe
breaking or
being blocked
Low respiratory
frequency

No tidal volume High Zero tidal Check patient


volume with Check pipe connection
20-second’s
4-1
monitoring

High minute High Minute aeration Check and assure patient’s


aeration quantity quantity above self-respiratory
upper limit Check ventilator and alarming
setup

Low minute High Minute aeration Reset minute aeration quantity


aeration quantity quantity aeration Check patient
below lower limit
Air leak Check pipe connection

Asphyxia(problem High No airway flow Check patient


exists in Glory) within time limit Adopt manual mode
Check and ensure the right
connection

High oxygen High Low upper limit Raise alarming upper limit value of
concentration of oxygen oxygen concentration
concentration
alarming

4-2
Low oxygen High High setup value Alarming setup value decrease
concentration Over Decrease compensation of air or
compensation of nitrous oxide
air or nitrous oxide
Oxygen sensor Oxygen sensor adjustment
zero point drift
Oxygen battery Oxygen battery replacement
exhaustion

Continuous high High Pressure sensor Switch to manual/auto control handle


airway pressure damage for manual ventilation.
Sampling pressure Check patient’s airway.
pipe block
Too much Pressure re-correction
expiration
resistance and
block

Communications High Ventilator software Software update


Trouble trouble
Circuit replacement
Wrong cable
connection

4-3
4.2 Failure Elimination and Analysis of Anesthesia
Machine

Trouble Phenomenon Possible Reason Solutions

Leak of patient’s absorbent APL valve close Close APL valve


loop
Absorbent canister leakage Re-install or clean soda
lime grains sticking on
absorbent canister
interface

Threaded pipe damage or Replace with new


tie-in looseness threaded pipe or
re-install the old one

Valve cover loose Tighten it

Manual/auto control converting Check manual/auto


switch failure control Cable

Manual/auto control
valve replacement

Circuit replacement

Too much airway pressure Inaccurate APL valve Adjust APL valve to
while processing manual adjustment suitable position
ventilation Above upper limit of airway
pressure alarming

Bellows charges while Leak of manual/auto control Manual/auto valve


manual/auto control switch replacement
converting switch is on
manual mode; Breathing
bag charges while the
switch is on auto control
mode

APL valve mis-operation APL valve problem

Hard to identify leak position Wrong connection of manual Ensure right connection
under manual mode pipe。 of manual pipe or manual
because of heavy interface
respiratory system leakage

4-4
4.3 Trouble Elimination and Analysis of Anesthesia
Ventilator

Trouble Phenomenon Possible Reason Solutions

Power lamp unavailable 1 Non-connection of power 1 Connect power cable


cable
2 Power cable damage 2 Replace power cable
3 Socket that connects power 3 Replace power socket
cable is off
4 Fuse breaks 4 Replace fuse

Airway pressure upper limit 1 Patient’s respiratory loop 1 Check and correct
alarming block patient’s ventilation loop
2 Patient’s airway block 2 Check patient’s status
3 Low upper limit setup of 3 Re-correct alarming setup
airway pressure value
4 Ventilation parameters 4 Re-calculate ventilation
change parameters

Airway pressure lower limit 1 Patient’s pipe leak 1 Check pipe to find out
alarming leakage
2 High alarming setup value 2 Reset alarming value
3 Patient’s acclimatization 3 Check patient’s status
change
4 Pressure sampling pipe is 4 Check whether pressure
off sampling pipe is off
5 Pressure sampling pipe is 5 Check whether pressure
damaged. sampling pipe is damaged

No indication on airway 1 No airflow going through 1 Adjust pressure gauge


pressure gauge pressure gauge
2 Pressure gauge damaged 2 Replace pressure gauge
3 Gas exhausted 3 Replace gas

Abnormality of tidal volume 1 Loose and off of flow 1 Re-insert flow sensor
display sensor socket
2 O-rings in and out of 2 Re-install bellows
bellows base damaged assembly
3 Breathing bag damaged 3 Replace breathing bag
4 Overflow valve flake 4 Replace overflow valve
damaged flake

Problems of flow and Readjustment


pressure adjustment

4-5
Incorrect setup value of Readjust the local altitude
height above sea level value

Loop leak

Sampling pipe aging/breaking Replace sampling silica gel


off/leak pipe

Abnormality of flow sensor Replace flow sensor and


and pressure sensor pressure sensor

Breathing bag over dilation 1 Block of air exhaust 1 Dredge air exhaust
opening opening
2 Exhaust gas processing 2 Repair exhaust gas
system failure, creating too processing system
much resistance or vacuum

Breathing bag not reaching 1 Respiratory loop interface 1 Connect respiratory loop
to position(it drops breaks off interface
gradually) 2 Bellows base damaged 2 Check and replace
bellows base
3 Breathing bag is damaged 3 Check and replace
and breaks off breathing bag
4 Expiration iris diaphragm 4 Check and replace
damaged expiration iris diaphragm
5 O-ring damaged 5 Check and replace O-ring

4-6
4.4 Common Failure and Elimination Methods of
Leaving Factory Equipment

Phenomenon Troubleshooting
Screen repeatedly Change U2 MAX705
shows company LOGO
Screen shows Main board J4 cable has problems
“communication failure” Whether voltage of main board J2 red 1pin is 5V±0.5V,replace
as initiating machine 1、U2 2、D16
Main board U9 MAX232
Display panel U5 MAX232
Main board U7 MAX705
Main board U10 Atmage128-16AU
Blank Screen Whether 1、3、6 interfaces on power panel J7 works well,
replace un-operated 2676 of U2、U16、U3.
Replace inverter
Display panel U3 chip LM2576
Replace fuse
Switch power
Abnormity of tidal Readjust pressure, flow
volume Sampling silica gel pipe breaks off or leaks
Bellows, loop leak
Wrong setup of altitude value
Replace flow sensor and pressure sensor

4-7
4.5 Circuit Failure Elimination/Repairing Methods

4.5.1 Main Board

Phenomenon 1: Screen shows “communication failure”


Observe whether the two lamps on D1、D2 display panel are on and flicker all the time.
If only one lamp is on:

1) Check whether U7 7th pin shows intermittent high->low signals with DC


voltage shelf; if it always shows low signals, replace MAX705 after
assuring surrounding circuits are under well conditions.

Test whether the voltage of U10 52th pin is 5V, if not, check power
panel conditions.

2) U10 voltage connects power panel+ main board+ display+ flow sensor
panel+ external valve, turn on power switch to observe valve and whether
status lamp(LD1,LD3) is on/off intermittently; if valve does not work but
lamp is on, please make sure whether U10 has processed program
download correctly, and then process program download again.

If valve works and status lamps (LD1, LD3) flicker on/off, replace U9 chip
MAX232 after assuring no soldering problems and well pressuring status
of W8 Cable.

Phenomenon 2: No valve operation

Ensuring well download of main board program


1) Check the following lamp status: inspiration valve-LD1, expiration
valve-LD3, manual/auto control valve-LD2), if the corresponding status
lamp is unavailable, please make sure W21 Cable is well pressured, and
then ensuring the voltage on one pin of J14 is 12V, check power board if
voltage is too high or too low.

2) Measuring auto mode with DC voltage knob (if LD1 is


unavailable/inspiration valve does not work), first of all, measure whether
one pin of R41 jumps from high value to low value intermittently,(1) if not,
make sure whether there exists steps on 8th pin of U10; if there is no step
on 8th pin, problem lies in U10, if there are steps on 8th pin, problem lies in
U8;(2)if yes, whether there exists high-to-low steps when measuring 3th
pin of U21;replace U19 after making sure there does not exist no-soldering
problem;(3)measuring whether there exists high-to-low steps on 2th pin of
Q3 when there are high-to-low steps on 3th pin of U19, replace Q3 if there
is no soldering problem, if there exists, measuring whether 18th pin that
connects Q3 with J11 is connected.

3) For measurement and repairing of expiration valve and manual/auto


4-8
control valve, please refer to the above (2) method together with schematic
diagram.

Phenomenon three: Valve operates, lamps do not work

Make sure the corresponding status lamps of valve are available:


1) If inspiration valve status lamp LD1 is unavailable, please use DC voltage
know to measure whether are high-to-low steps on 2th pin of Q11,if no,
replace Q11, if yes, replace LD1.

2) For repairing expiration valve, manual/auto control valve, please refer to


the above (1) method.

Phenomenon four: There shows oxygen concentration value on oxygen-off


battery or the voltage on adjustable test pointsT2 and T21 cannot reach 1.0V.

1) Measuring whether the voltage of 5th pin on U1 is 8~12V by using DC


voltage knob, if not, please replace U1.

Phenomenon five: wrong status of power battery

1) Check power panel, W6 Cable, U28.

Phenomenon six: no bell alarming/mis-operation status

1) Check bell panel.

2) Make sure right cable wire connection.

3) Check whether the voltage of 1th pin input on display panel Q1 is


high-to-low step voltage, and whether the voltage of 3rd pin output is step
voltage, if both are not, please replace Q1.

4.5.2 Display Panel

Phenomenon 1: No keyboard reaction

1) Make sure W10 cable is well pressured, A1 has processed right program
download, the parts with optional lead acid cells connect W15 cable with
switch power, and all fixed bolts of switch power are fixed on machine
frame, then replace U1 chip CH451(Note: every previous item could lead
to no keyboard reaction.

Phenomenon two: Display panel does not work.

Make sure whether there is high-to-low step voltage on 7th pin output of U2, if there is,
ensuring correctness and operation of Y1, C24, C25; if operation voltage of 52 nd pin on
U2 is 5V, then A1 has no program or is damaged.

1) If the voltage of 52nd pin on A1 does not work well, then check and make
sure right soldering of external voltage on U3, and measure the voltage of

4-9
4th pin on U3 is above or below 5V, then replace U3.

Phenomenon three: blank display screen


1) Measure whether 3rd pin on J6 is higher by using DC voltage know, if not,
there are problems on A1;if it is high level, correctly connect display panel
with controller, and measure the voltage between 1st and 2nd pin on J6, if
the voltage is around 12V, replace inverter after ensuring inverter wire is
well pressured.

2) There are problems on controller or LCD if the display is still


unavailable after replacing inverter.

4.5.3 Power Panel

Phenomenon one: Unavailable power panel/no voltage output on J7 six-hole


single row socket
1) Make sure if there are problems such as 4M crystal oscillator on power
panel damaged or wrong soldering, external circuit problems.

2) Whether there is program on PIC16F676.

3) Make sure the good status of Q3,Q4 external circuit, test whether one pin
on R33 is higher and 3 pin on Q3 is lower, if not, replace Q3, if both of them
are under sound conditions, then measure whether the voltage of 3 pin on
Q4 is 24V, if it is, please measure whether 2 pin on Q4 is higher, if it is not
higher, replace Q4; if the voltage on Q4 is too low or is zero, check whether
boat-form switch cable is well connected, check CZ1, CZ2, CZ3, D9, F1,
and replace the relevant parts after finding out problems.

Phenomenon two: No voltage output on power panel (no operation after machine
initiation, blank screen (No-operation when initiating machine, blank screen
(flickering of red lamp on facial membrane)).
1) Observe there is no output voltage on chip 2676 and external circuit.
J7 six-hole single-row socket
Socket Pin Provide the corresponding Output Maintenance and
voltage chip Voltage Replacement
1 One pin on U2(top of D16) 5±0.5V 1、U2 2、D16
3 One pin on U16(top of D18) 12±1V 1、U16 2、D18
6 One pin on U3(top of D18) 12±1V 1、U3 2、D15

Phenomenon three: charging available


1) Make sure whether there are problems of external circuit of U7, Q2.
2) Measure the voltage between 1 pin and ground on Q2, if it is high, please
measure whether both the voltage between 2 pin and ground or 3 pin and
ground are high, if not then replace Q2, if the voltage of 1 pin on Q2 is high,
make sure the good status and program download of PIC16F676, and finally
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replace U7 after ensuring the status of external circuit on U7.

3) If the previous ones are under good conditions, please check whether there
are problems on W6 cable pressuring.

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5 How to Get Assistance
A network of service representative and factory-trained distributors is available. Prior to
requesting service, perform a complete operational check of the instrument to verify
proper control settings. If operational problems continue to exist, contact the Service
Representative for assistance in determining the nearest field service location.
Please include the instrument model number, the serial number, and a description of the
problem with all requests for service.

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