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# Engineering thermodynamics mcq part 1

## 01. The sum of internal energy (U) and the product of

pressure and volume (p. v) is known as

A. enthalpy
Explanations: - enthalpy is a thermodynamic quantity
equivalent to the total heat content of a system. The
enthalpy of a homogeneous system is defined as
H=U+pV

A .133.3 N/m2

## Explanations: - A millimeter of mercury is a manometric

unit of pressure. It is denoted by the symbol "mmHg".
03. One kg of carbon requires 4/3 kg of oxygen and
produces 7/3 kg of

## 04. Which of the following is the lightest and most

volatile liquid fuel?

A. Gasoline

## Explanations: - Gasoline (American English) or petrol

(British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived
liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in internal
combustion engines.
05. The processes occurring in open system which permit
the transfer of mass to and from the system, are known as

A. flow processes

A. zero

mass?

A. Carbon

## Explanations: - 1 atomic mass unit is defined as 1/12 of

the mass of a single carbon-12 atom.
08. The efficiency of Diesel cycle approaches to Otto
cycle efficiency when

A. cut-off is zero

## A. irreversible cyclic process.

10. The atomic mass of oxygen is

A .16

## 11. The ratio of specific heat at constant pressure (cp) and

specific heat at constant volume (cv) is

A. Carnot cycle.

## 13. There is no change in internal energy in an

A. isothermal process.
Note: - An isothermal process is a change of a system, in
which the temperature remains constant: ΔT = 0.
14. If the value of n = 0 in the equation pvn = C, then the
process is called

## Note:- An isobaric process is a thermodynamic process in

which the pressure stays constant: ΔP = 0.

## 15. When coal is strongly heated continuously for 42 to

48 hours in the absence of air in a closed vessel, the
process is known as

A .carbonisation of fuel.

## 16. Which of the following is correct?

A.Absolute pressure = Gauge pressure + Atmospheric
pressure

## 17. Which of the following gas is mostly used in town for

street and domestic lighting and heating?

A. Coal gas

A . 287 J/kgK

## 19. In the first law of thermodynamics, the

A. total energy of the system remains constant.

## Note: - The first law of thermodynamics is a version of

the law of conservation of energy

## 20. The efficiency of Diesel cycle increases with

A. decrease in cut-off

zero at

## Explanations: - physically impossible-to-reach

temperature of zero kelvin, or minus 459.67 degrees
Fahrenheit (minus 273.15 degrees Celsius), atoms would
stop moving.
22. One kg of carbon monoxide requires 4/7 kg of
oxygen to produce

A.-273°C

## Note: - Absolute zero, temperature at which a

thermodynamic system has the lowest energy. It matches
to −273.15 °C on the Celsius temperature scale and to
−459.67 °F on the Fahrenheit temperature scale.

A .4.187

## 25. The constant pressure, constant volume and constant

pvn processes are regarded as

A. irreversible process.