1 views

Uploaded by subash shrestha

books BE level

- Design of Abutment Bridge
- 05Jun-M2
- granular.pdf
- Lab9 Sliding Friction
- Lesson2 - Work, Force, Friction
- Mechanical Engineering Notes
- Revision
- LEC 11 (Rectangular 051)
- Physics Lecture
- me2120finalf12
- 102508660 Physics for Nurses CON PIMS
- EM101 Supply Qstn
- P1020F06
- Coleman S. E. A text-book of physics 1911.pdf
- FSMA Solve Friction Problems Teacher (1)
- Mass-Spring-Damper Parameter Identification
- Fizik1
- Keep 305
- Contact Tutorial
- RECENT M1 Q

You are on page 1of 32

1 Engineering Mechanics

1.2 Definition

1.3 Force system

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

1.4 Fundamental principles

(2) Principle of Transmissibility

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

1.5 Resolution and Component of forces

The process of replacing a single force F acting on a particle by two or more forces with together have

the same effect as that of a single force is called resolution of the force into component.

S.No. Force Fx FY

1 Fcos Fsin

2 -Fcos Fsin

3 -Fcos -Fsin

4 Fcos -Fsin

Thus

F X ( Fi cos i )

F Y ( Fi sin i )

And all the force act away from the particle. The magnitude of resultant ‘R’ is calculated as

R ( FX ) 2 ( FY ) 2

The inclination with respect to horizontal axis is

calculated from

( FY )

tan

( FX )

Example

If five forces act on a particle as shown in the figure determine the resultant force.

x and y component of Forces

S.No. Force kN Fxi (kN) Fyi (KN)

1 15cos150=14.489 15sin150=3.882

2 0 105

3 -75 0

4 -45sin550=-25.811 -45sin550=-36.862

5 60cos400=45.963 -60sin400=-38.567

F Xi =-40.359 F Yi = 33.453

R ( FXi ) 2 ( FYi ) 2

( FYi ) 33.453

tan

( Fxi ) 40.359

39.66 0

From the signs of F and F the quadrant in which the resultant lies can be determined. From

xi yi

the magnitude of F and F , the inclination of the resultant with horizontal can be

xi yi

determined.

A body is said to be in equilibrium when the resultant of the force system acting on it is zero. If a body is

in equilibrium, it will continue to remain in a state of rest or on uniform motion.

R 0

Or F

x 0 and F y 0

Example:

Three forces act on a particle ‘O’ as shown in the figure. Determine the value of F such that the resultant

of these three forces is horizontal. Find the magnitude and direction of the fourth force which when

acting along with the given three forces will keep O in equilibrium.

Solution:

Angle between F and O is 40+10=50o and 30kN is acting towards the particle. Since the resultant is

horizontal F y 0.

F y 0 gives,

-30sin300+18sin100+Fsin300=0

Therefore, F=15.5

F x 0 =30cos300+Fcos500+18cos100=53.67

Equilibrant is -53.67kN as shown in the figure.

1.7 Free body diagram (FBD)

Free body Diagram

A diagram of a body (or a part of it) which shows all the forces and couples applied on it, and which has

all the forces and couples labeled for use in the solution of the problem is called a free-body diagram.

Follow these steps to draw a free-body diagram.

1. Select the body (or part of a body) that you want to analyze, and draw it.

2. Identify all the forces and couples that are applied onto the body and draw them on the body. Place

each force and couple at the point that it is applied.

3. Label all the forces and couples with unique labels for use during the solution process.

4. Add any relevant dimensions onto your picture.

Diagram FBD

1.8 Types of support in 2D

1.9 Beam

A member which bends when subjected to load applied transverse to the long dimensions (axis of the

member) is known as beam. Eg. In structures and machines.

Simple supported beam: beam supported by hinge or rolleron the smooth surfaceat the ends having

one span

Overhanging beam: Both ends project beyond the support.

Continuous beam: More than two supports.

Cantilever beam: One end is built into a wall or other support so that it cannot rotate or move

transversely.

Types of loads: The different types of loads are given below:

S.No. Types Figure

1 Concentrated load: Acting

at the mid-point, point load

Unit=kN

(UDL): Load is constant,

Unit=kN/m, Eg.Water load

acting on the floor of a tank

when it contains water to a

height ‘h’.

Varying linearly over

considerable length, Eg. The

water pressure acting on the

side wall of tank.

Types of loads and equivalent concentrated loads (resultants) with their points of inclination.

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

Q.1. Find the reaction at A & B

Q.2. Find the reaction at A & B

Q.3. Find the reaction at A and B.

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

Friction

In practical application, perfect frictionless or smooth surface never exists. When two surfaces

are in contact with each other, tangential forces will always developed when one surface tends

to move with respect to other. The tangential forces are called frictional forces.

Dry friction

The tangential component of the contact force existing between two dry surfaces which slide or

tend relative to one another.

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

Numerical Problems:

Q.1. A block weighting 800N, lying on a horizontal floor is just dragged by a force inclined at 35 0

to the floor. Find the a) the value of ‘P’ b) the inclination of ‘P’ with horizontal so that ‘P’ is

minimum. c) the value of Pmin.

Solution:

Q.2. Find the force ‘P’ required to move the block down the plane. The force ‘P’ is applied

parallel to the plane. Weight of the block is 900N and =0.5.

Solution:

Centroid and centre of gravity:

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

Hence,

_

A x i i

y A

_

Ai yi

x A

and

Where,

A Ai

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

Compiled by Ashok Acharya, DOME, KU

- Design of Abutment BridgeUploaded by789456123
- 05Jun-M2Uploaded byAhmed Nurul
- granular.pdfUploaded byManuel Gonzalez Espinoza
- Lab9 Sliding FrictionUploaded byNur Syamiza Zamri
- Lesson2 - Work, Force, FrictionUploaded byafpoliveira4833
- Mechanical Engineering NotesUploaded byoperationmanager
- RevisionUploaded byHa Jin Claire Lee
- LEC 11 (Rectangular 051)Uploaded byTommyVercetti
- Physics LectureUploaded byMichele Rogers
- me2120finalf12Uploaded byMohammed Ibrahim
- 102508660 Physics for Nurses CON PIMSUploaded byBheru Lal
- EM101 Supply QstnUploaded byTarique Anwar
- P1020F06Uploaded byAdy Kristo Naibaho
- Coleman S. E. A text-book of physics 1911.pdfUploaded byΙωάννης Ανυφαντάκης
- FSMA Solve Friction Problems Teacher (1)Uploaded byAhmed Magdy
- Mass-Spring-Damper Parameter IdentificationUploaded byAlbert Kaltenthaler V
- Fizik1Uploaded byOğuzhan Saçı
- Keep 305Uploaded byAditya
- Contact TutorialUploaded bySaid Page
- RECENT M1 QUploaded bynchauhan212
- Unit 3231020Uploaded byVinoth Kumar
- CHAPTER v Engineering Mechanics-I 2015Uploaded bynvnrev
- DNV-RP-H102 04Uploaded byleelarama
- lec35.pdfUploaded byCarlos Arturo García
- Example Storage Tank ConcreteUploaded byCacaroto Cacaroto
- Kinematics HW PacketUploaded byrockpicnic
- Dynamics of a ParticleUploaded byPrantik Seal
- Taller fisica EcciUploaded byFernando Talero
- PRACTICA IIUploaded byEduardo Fernandez
- 180312 (1).pdfUploaded byThaiHuynhNgoc

- Parafusos PT SemblexUploaded bySBonder
- LimeMudFiltration Brochure EnUploaded bysanooksanan
- Compresor 750hUploaded byMiguel Angel Moreno
- Hydrogen Embrittlement - What it looks like.pdfUploaded byAdnan Sheikh
- Comb-Cycle, Boiler Technology (UK) 2003Uploaded bypipedown456
- Weldiing Process Gmaw Fcaw McawUploaded byKentDemeterio
- sanyamkakkar_15bme0769Uploaded bySanyam Kakkar
- The Australian Welding Guide 2012Uploaded bymaxxand
- Komatsu D375.docxUploaded byBambang Cliquers
- Types and Designs of Shaft KeysUploaded byZameer Pathan
- Welcome GuestUploaded bykumudhababu
- Steel Module18Uploaded bydash1991
- Chapter 21—Strength Reduction FactorsUploaded byMarcus Lindon
- 1_Introduction to Steel Design.pdfUploaded byNadine Pascual
- 22 Cooling eUploaded byAvrinFakhernia
- PhyI Assign&Answers 2011Uploaded byAustin Phua Yun Hock
- JCB ATTACHMENTS Service Repair Manual.pdfUploaded byekfmsmem
- pub-bi_7783Uploaded byswathi1717
- b12s19Uploaded bydhakshu
- GIS 42-10 13 -Guidance on Industry Standard for Fabrication, Assembly, Erection,Uploaded bymohamed
- Remove / Extracting / Removal Tools for Injectors Bosch Multijet engines (Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Ford, Iveco, Lancia, Opel, Grupo PSA (Citroën, Peugeot), Suzuki) - RTools RT REPLAUTO TRADINGUploaded bytaevision
- Askaynak CompanyUploaded bymkpasha55mp
- v63no4_1941Uploaded byBoticcelli
- Heat Exchanger Tube RuptureUploaded byKarthik Sakthivel
- Hydroelectric powerUploaded bylocaluser108
- LIBRO.PDFUploaded byJose Vidal
- Karl Micallef - Symposium paper, Stuttgart (2007)Uploaded bykarlito_m
- WPSUploaded byChulita Intaratut
- MeltingUploaded byRudonja Nedžad
- Rev 17Uploaded byMladen Tomic