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Chapter 2 Sketching 1

Chapter 2
Sketching
2.1 W16x50 Beam
2.2 Triangular Plate
2.3 More Details
2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt
2.5 Spur Gears
2.6 Microgripper
2.7 Review
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam 2

Section 2.1
W16x50 Beam

7.07"

Problem Description .380"

.628"

16.25"
[1] Wide- [2] Nominal [3] Weight
flange I- depth 16 in. 50 lb/ft.
shape
section.

W16x50
R.375"
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam 3

Start up DesignModeler
Techniques/Concepts
Sketching/Modeling modes
Draw>Rectangle
Draw>Polyline
Dimensions>General
Dimension>Horizontal
Dimensions>Display
Dimensions>Move
Modify>Copy/Paste
Modify>Trim
Modify>Fillet
Constraints>Symmetry
Auto Constraints
Constraint Status
Extrude
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam 4

Basic Mouse Operations in Sketching


Mode

[6] Middle-click-drag:
rotate.
Shift-middle-click-drag: [5] Scroll-wheel:
zoom. zoom in/out.
[1] : add/remove a
Control-middle-click-drag:
sketching entity to/from pan.
the selection set. (ESC
to deselect all.)
[4] Right-click-
drag: box zoom.

[2] Click-sweep:
continuous
[3] Right-click:
selection.
open context
menu.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.2 Triangular Plate 5

Section 2.2
Triangular Plate

Problem Description

40 mm
[2] Radii
[1] The of the
plate has fillets are
three 10 mm.
planes of
symmetry.
30 mm

300 mm
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.2 Triangular Plate 6

Techniques/Concept
s
Draw>Arc by Center
Dimensions> Radius
Modify>Replicate
Modify>Offset
Constraints>Equal Length
Weak/Strong Dimensions
Weak/Strong Constraints
Selection Filter
Single/Box Selection
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.2 Triangular Plate 7

2D Graphics Controls

[1] Look At.


[7] Next View.
[3] Pan. [2] Zoom to Fit.

[5] Zoom. [4] Box Zoom. [6] Previous View.

[8] Undo. [9] Redo.


Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 8

Section 2.3 More Details

Pull-down Menus and Toolbars


Mode Tabs
Tree Outline
Sketching Toolboxes
Graphics area
Details View
Status Bar
Separators
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 9

Sketching Planes
[2] To create a
[1] new plane, click
Currently New Plane.
A sketch must be created on a active
plane.
sketching plane; each plane may
contain multiple sketches.
In the beginning of a
DesignModeler session, three
planes are automatically created:
XYPlane, YZPlane, and ZXPlane.

[3] Active sketch can be


switched using the pull-down
list, or by clicking in Tree
Outline. [4] There are many
ways of creating
new planes.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 10

Sketches

A sketch consists of points and edges; edges may be straight lines or


curves.
Multiple sketches may be created on a plane.

[2] Currently [1] To create a new


active sketch. sketch on the active
sketching plane, click
New Sketch.

[3] Active sketching plane can


be switched using the pull-down
list, or by clicking in Tree
Outline.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 11

Auto Constraints

C - The cursor is coincident with a line.


P - The cursor is coincident with another
point.
T - The cursor is a tangent point.
- The cursor is a perpendicular foot.
H - The line is horizontal.
V - The line is vertical.
// - The line is parallel to another line.
You can turn on/off
R - The radius is equal to another radius. Auto Constraints.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.3 More Details 12

Sketching
Toolboxes
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt13

Section 2.4
M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt

Problem
Description
[1] Metric [2] Nominal [3] Pitch
system. diameter p = 2.5
d = 20 mm. mm.

M20x2.
5
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt14

H
d H
4
d1

p H
8

11× p = 27.5
External
p
threads
32
(bolt)

Internal
threads
(nut)

H = ( 3 2)p = 2.165 m m Minor diameter of internal thread d1


d1 = d − (5 8)H × 2 =17.294 m m Nominal diameter d
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt15

Techniques/Concepts

Modify>Replicate
Constraints>Fixed
Revolve
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.5 Spur Gears 16

Section 2.5
Spur Gears

Problem
Description

To satisfy the fundamental


law of gearing, the gear
profiles are cut to an
involute curve.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.5 Spur Gears 17

[1] The driving [8] Line of action


gear rotates (common normal of
clockwise. contacting gears). The
pressure angle is 20o.

[2] The driven


gear rotates [4] Pitch
counter- circle of the
clockwise. driving
[6] Contact gear.
point (pitch
[3] Pitch point).
circle [7]
rp = 2.5 in. [5] Line of Common
centers. tangent of
the pitch
[9] circles.
Addendum
ra = 2.75
in. [12] The fillet
has a radius
of 0.1 in.
[10]
Dedendum
rd = 2.2 in. [11] The shaft has
a radius of 1.25
in.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.5 Spur Gears 18

Techniques/Concepts

Draw>Construction Point
Draw>Spline
Modify>Replicate
Constraints>Perpendicular
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.6 Microgripper 19

Section 2.6
Microgripper

Problem
[3] SMA [4] Glass
Description actuator. bead.
[1] Gripping
direction.

[2]
Actuation
direction.
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.6 Microgripper 20
92

D30 32

Unit: −m
Thickness: 300 −m

212
R45 R25

20

140
77
47
87

144

400
176
280

480
Chapter 2 Sketching Section 2.6 Microgripper 21

Techniques/Concepts

Constraints>Equal
Radius
Copy bodies (Mirror)
Create new sketch
Constraints>Tangent
Multiple parts