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NAME__________________________ PERIOD______

Grade 6 Science DATE________

DIRECTIONS: Working with a partner, follow the links to answer the questions
below on your own sheet of loose-leaf paper. Be sure to answer each question in a
complete sentence.

Part A. What makes up soil? (Link #1 -


1. What are the components of a soil?

2. Why would you NOT find soils on Mars or Venus?

3. Where do the minerals (inorganic materials) that form soil come from?

4. How is the air found in soils different from the air in the atmosphere?

5. Why is water such an important component of soils?

Part B. Soil Formation (Link #2& #3 -

basics/soil-types and )

1. About how many different kinds of soil are there in the United States?

2. How does climate affect soil formation?

3. How do organisms affect soils?

4. What is “relief” and how does it affect soil formation?

5. Where can the parent material for a soil come from?

6. How can time affect soils?

Part C. Soil Structure (Link #4 –

1. What types of material makes up the O Horizon?

2. How is the A Horizon different from the O?

3. What is elluviation and what causes it?

4. What are the common process occurring to form the B Horizon?

NAME__________________________ PERIOD______
Grade 6 Science DATE________

5. How are the C & R Horizons related?

Part D. Properties of Soils (Link #5 –

1. What are the four most important properties of soil?

2. What are the three basic textures that a soil can have?

3. What are porosity and permeability? How are they related?

Part E. Read the “ Soil Quality Indicators: pH” article.

Annotate the article:
1. Underline important terms.
2. Circle definitions and meanings.
3. Write key words and definitions in the margin.
4. Signal where important information can be found with key words or symbols in
the margin.
5. Write the questions in the margin next to the section where the answer is found.