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6061 is a precipitation-hardened aluminium alloy, containing magnesium and silicon as its

major alloying elements. Originally called "Alloy 61S", it was developed in 1935. It has good
mechanical properties, exhibits good weldability, and is very commonly extruded (second in
popularity only to 6063).

Composition Notes:
Aluminum content reported is calculated as remainder.
Composition information provided by the Aluminum Association and is not for design.

Key Words: al6061, UNS A96061; ISO AlMg1SiCu; Aluminium 6061-T6, AD-33 (Russia); AA6061-T6;
6061T6, UNS A96061; ISO AlMg1SiCu; Aluminium 6061-T651, AD-33 (Russia); AA6061-T651

Component Wt. % Component Wt. % Component Wt. %

Al 95.8 - 98.6 Mg 0.8 - 1.2 Si 0.4 - 0.8


Cr 0.04 - 0.35 Mn Max 0.15 Ti Max 0.15
Cu 0.15 - 0.4 Other, each Max 0.05 Zn Max 0.25
Fe Max 0.7 Other, total Max 0.15

Material Notes:
Information provided by Alcoa, Starmet and the references. General 6061 characteristics and uses:
Excellent joining characteristics, good acceptance of applied coatings. Combines relatively high strength,
good workability, and high resistance to corrosion; widely available. The T8 and T9 tempers offer better
chipping characteristics over the T6 temper.

Applications: Aircraft fittings, camera lens mounts, couplings, marines fittings and hardware, electrical
fittings and connectors, decorative or misc. hardware, hinge pins, magneto parts, brake pistons, hydraulic
pistons, appliance fittings, valves and valve parts; bike frames.

Data points with the AA note have been provided by the Aluminum Association, Inc. and
are NOT FOR DESIGN.

Physical Properties Metric English Comments

Density 2.7 g/cc 0.0975 lb/in³ AA; Typical

Mechanical Properties

Hardness, Brinell 95 95 AA; Typical; 500 g load; 10 mm


ball
Hardness, Knoop 120 120 Converted from Brinell Hardness
Value
Hardness, Rockwell A 40 40 Converted from Brinell Hardness
Value
Hardness, Rockwell B 60 60 Converted from Brinell Hardness
Value
Hardness, Vickers 107 107 Converted from Brinell Hardness
Value
Ultimate Tensile Strength 310 MPa 45000 psi AA; Typical
Tensile Yield Strength 276 MPa 40000 psi AA; Typical
Elongation at Break 12 % 12 % AA; Typical; 1/16 in. (1.6 mm)
Thickness
Elongation at Break 17 % 17 % AA; Typical; 1/2 in. (12.7 mm)
Diameter
Modulus of Elasticity 68.9 GPa 10000 ksi AA; Typical; Average of tension
and compression. Compression
modulus is about 2% greater than
tensile modulus.
Notched Tensile Strength 324 MPa 47000 psi 2.5 cm width x 0.16 cm thick side-
notched specimen, Kt = 17.
Ultimate Bearing Strength 607 MPa 88000 psi Edge distance/pin diameter = 2.0
Bearing Yield Strength 386 MPa 56000 psi Edge distance/pin diameter = 2.0
Poisson's Ratio 0.33 0.33 Estimated from trends in similar Al
alloys.
Fatigue Strength 96.5 MPa 14000 psi AA; 500,000,000 cycles
completely reversed stress; RR
Moore machine/specimen
Fracture Toughness 29 MPa-m½ 26.4 ksi-in½ KIC; TL orientation.
Machinability 50 % 50 % 0-100 Scale of Aluminum Alloys
Shear Modulus 26 GPa 3770 ksi Estimated from similar Al alloys.
Shear Strength 207 MPa 30000 psi AA; Typical

Electrical Properties

Electrical Resistivity 3.99e-006 ohm-cm 3.99e-006 ohm-cm AA; Typical at 68°F

Thermal Properties

CTE, linear 68°F 23.6 µm/m-°C 13.1 µin/in-°F AA; Typical; Average over 68-
212°F range.
CTE, linear 250°C 25.2 µm/m-°C 14 µin/in-°F Estimated from trends in similar Al
alloys. 20-300°C.
Specific Heat Capacity 0.896 J/g-°C 0.214 BTU/lb-°F
Thermal Conductivity 167 W/m-K 1160 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F AA; Typical at 77°F
Melting Point 582 - 652 °C 1080 - 1205 °F AA; Typical range based on typical
composition for wrought products
1/4 inch thickness or greater;
Eutectic melting can be completely
eliminated by homogenization.
Solidus 582 °C 1080 °F AA; Typical
Liquidus 652 °C 1205 °F AA; Typical

Processing Properties

Solution Temperature 529 °C 985 °F


Aging Temperature 160 °C 320 °F Rolled or drawn products; hold at
temperature for 18 hr
Aging Temperature 177 °C 350 °F Extrusions or forgings; hold at
temperature for 8 hr

References for this datasheet.

Some of the values displayed above may have been converted from their original units and/or rounded in order to display the information in a
consistant format. Users requiring more precise data for scientific or engineering calculations can click on the property value to see the
original value as well as raw conversions to equivalent units. We advise that you only use the original value or one of its raw conversions in
your calculations to minimize rounding error. We also ask that you refer to MatWeb's disclaimer and terms of use regarding this information.
MatWeb data and tools provided by MatWeb, LLC.

6061 aluminium alloy


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
6061 is a precipitation-hardened aluminium alloy, containing magnesium and silicon as its
major alloying elements. Originally called "Alloy 61S", it was developed in 1935. [1] It has good
mechanical properties, exhibits good weldability, and is very commonly extruded (second in
popularity only to 6063).[2] It is one of the most common alloys of aluminium for general-purpose use.
It is commonly available in pre-tempered grades such as 6061-O (annealed), tempered grades such
as 6061-T6 (solutionized and artificially aged) and 6061-T651 (solutionized, stress-relieved stretched
and artificially aged).

Contents
[hide]

 1Basic properties
o 1.1Chemical composition
 2Mechanical properties
o 2.16061
o 2.26061-T4
o 2.36061-T6
 3Uses
o 3.1Welding
o 3.2Extrusions
o 3.3Forgings
 4Standards
 5References
 6Further reading
 7External links

Basic properties[edit]
6061 has a density of 2.70 g/cm³ (0.0975 lb/in³).
Chemical composition[edit]
The alloy composition of 6061 is:

 Silicon minimum 0.4%, maximum 0.8% by weight


 Iron no minimum, maximum 0.7%
 Copper minimum 0.15%, maximum 0.4%
 Manganese no minimum, maximum 0.15%
 Magnesium minimum 0.8%, maximum 1.2%
 Chromium minimum 0.04%, maximum 0.35%
 Zinc no minimum, maximum 0.25%
 Titanium no minimum, maximum 0.15%
 Other elements no more than 0.05% each, 0.15% total
 Remainder aluminium (95.85–98.56%)

Mechanical properties[edit]
The mechanical properties of 6061 depend greatly on the temper, or heat treatment, of the material.
[3]
Young's Modulus is 69 GPa (10,000 ksi) regardless of temper.[4]
6061[edit]
Annealed 6061 (6061-O temper) has maximum tensile strength no more than 120 MPa (18,000 psi),
and maximum yield strength no more than 55 MPa (8,000 psi). The material has elongation (stretch
before ultimate failure) of 25–30%.
6061-T4[edit]
T4 temper 6061 has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 210 MPa (30,000 psi) and yield strength
of at least 110 MPa (16,000 psi). It has elongation of 16%.
6061-T6[edit]
T6 temper 6061 has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 290 MPa (42,000 psi) and yield strength
of at least 240 MPa (35,000 psi). More typical values are 310 MPa (45 ksi) and 270 MPa (39 ksi),
respectively.[5] In thicknesses of 6.35 mm (0.250 in) or less, it has elongation of 8% or more; in
thicker sections, it has elongation of 10%. T651 temper has similar mechanical properties. The
typical value for thermal conductivity for 6061-T6 at 25 °C (77 °F) is around 152 W/m K. A material
data sheet [6] defines the fatigue limit under cyclic load as 97 MPa (14,000 psi) for 500,000,000
completely reversed cycles using a standard RR Moore test machine and specimen. Note that
aluminium does not exhibit a well defined "knee" on its S-n graph, so there is some debate as to how
many cycles equates to "infinite life". Also note the actual value of fatigue limit for an application can
be dramatically affected by the conventional de-rating factors of loading, gradient, and surface finish.

Uses[edit]
6061 is commonly used for the following:

 construction of aircraft structures, such as wings and fuselages,


more commonly in homebuilt aircraft than commercial or military
aircraft.[7] 2024 alloy is somewhat stronger, but 6061 is more easily
worked and remains resistant to corrosion even when the surface is
abraded, which is not the case for 2024, which is usually used with
a thin Alclad coating for corrosion resistance.[8]
 yacht construction, including small utility boats.[9]
 automotive parts, such as wheel spacers.
 some tactical flashlights
 aluminium cans for the packaging of food and beverages.
 SCUBA tanks (post 1995)

6061-T6 is used for:

 bicycle frames and components.


 many fly fishing reels.
 The famous Pioneer plaque was made of this particular alloy.
 the secondary chambers and baffle systems in firearm
sound suppressors (primarily pistol suppressors for reduced weight
and improved mechanical functionality), while the primary
expansion chambers usually require 17-4PH or 303stainless
steel or titanium.[10][11]
 The upper and lower receivers of many AR-15 rifle variants.
 Many aluminium docks and gangways are constructed with 6061-T6
extrusions, and welded into place.
 Material used in some ultra-high vacuum (UHV) chambers
 Many parts for remote controlled model aircraft, notably helicopter
rotor components.

Welding[edit]
6061 is highly weldable, for example using tungsten inert gas welding (TIG) or metal inert gas
welding (MIG). Typically, after welding, the properties near the weld are those of 6061-O, a loss of
strength of around 80%. The material can be re-heat-treated to restore -T4 or -T6 temper for the
whole piece. After welding, the material can naturally age and restore some of its strength as well.
Nevertheless, the Alcoa Structural Handbook recommends the design strength of the material
adjacent to the weld to be taken as 76 MPa (11,000 psi) without proper heat treatment after the weld.
[citation needed]
Typical filler material is 4043 or 5356.
Extrusions[edit]
6061 is an alloy used in the production of extrusions—long constant–cross-section structural shapes
produced by pushing metal through a shaped die.
Forgings[edit]
6061 is an alloy that is suitable for hot forging. The billet is heated through an induction furnace and
forged using a closed die process. This patricular alloy is suitable for open die forgings. Automotive
parts, ATV parts, and industrial parts are just some of the uses as a forging. Aluminium 6061 can be
forged into flat or round bars, rings, blocks, discs and blanks, hollows, and spindles. 6061 can be
forged into special and custom shapes.[12]

Standards[edit]
Different forms and tempers of 6061 aluminum alloy are discussed in the following standards: [13]

 ASTM B 209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-


Alloy Sheet and Plate
 ASTM B 210: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-
Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes
 ASTM B 211: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-
Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire
 ASTM B 221: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-
Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes
 ASTM B 308: Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 6061-T6
Standard Structural Profiles
 ASTM B 483: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-
Alloy Drawn Tube and Pipe for General Purpose Applications
 ASTM B 547: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-
Alloy Formed and Arc-Welded Round Tube
 ISO 6361: Wrought Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheets, Strips
and Plates

References[edit]
1. Jump up^ Robert E. Sanders, Jr. (2001). "Technology Innovation in
Aluminum Products". JOM. 53 (2): 21–
25.Bibcode:2001JOM....53b..21S. doi:10.1007/s11837-001-0115-7.
2. Jump up^ "Aluminum Alloys". Materials Management Inc. 23
December 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
3. Jump up^ Alcoa 6061 data sheet (pdf), accessed October 13, 2006
4. Jump up^ Aluminum Standards and Data 2006 Metric SI, by the
Aluminum Association Inc.
5. Jump up^ Material Properties Data: 6061-T6 Aluminium
6. Jump up^ ASM Material Data Sheet
7. Jump up^ Aluminum Information at aircraftspruce.com, accessed
October 13, 2006
8. Jump up^ 6061 vs 2024. Homebuiltairplanes.com. Retrieved on
2012-04-04.
9. Jump up^ Boatbuilding with Aluminum, Stephen F. Pollard,
1993, ISBN 0-07-050426-1
10. Jump up^ EVOLUTION 9mm™, 1/2-28 TPI. Advanced Armament.
Retrieved on 2012-04-04.
11. Jump up^ Amphibian S .22LR : Suppressor : AWC Systems
Technology. Awcsystech.com. Retrieved on 2012-04-04.
12. Jump up^ "6061 Aluminum Alloy Forging | Anderson
Shumaker". www.andersonshumaker.com. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
13. Jump up^ 6061 (3.3214, H20, A96061) Aluminum. Retrieved on
2014-11-14.

Further reading[edit]
 "Properties of Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys: 6061 Alclad
6061", Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-
Purpose Materials, Vol 2, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 1990,
p. 102-103.

[hide]
 v

 t

 e
Aluminium alloy

1050

1060
1000 Series
1100

1199

2014

2000 Series 2024

2219

3003

3000 Series 3004

3102

4041
4000 Series
4043

5000 Series 5005

5052

5059

5083

5086

5154

5356

5454
5456

5754

6005 (6005A)

6060

6061

6063

6066

6070

6000 Series 6082

6105

6111

6162

6262

6351

6463

7005

7020

7022

7046

7068

7000 Series 7072

7075

7079

7116

7129

7178

8000
8000 Series
8090

Others Aluminium-lithium alloy

AlBeMet

Alclad

AlSiC

Alumel
Aluminium granules

Alusil

Birmabright

Devarda's alloy

Duralumin

Hiduminium

Hydronalium

Hypereutectic aluminum

Italma

Lo-Ex

Magnalium

Magnox (alloy)

MKM steel

Nambé

Nickel-aluminium alloy

R.R. alloys

Aluminium-scandium alloy

Silumin

Y alloy

Al/Ca composite

Hypereutectic piston

External links[edit]
 Aluminum 6061 Properties

Categories:
 Aluminium alloys
 Aerospace materials
 Aluminium–silicon alloys
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1


34


2

Aluminium Alloy 6061 - Composition,


Properties, Temper and Applications of 6061
Aluminium
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Sponsored by Metalweb - Aluminium Plate, Bar, Sheet and ExtrusionsMar 24 2006
Topics Covered
Background
Composition
Key Properties
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Electrical Properties
Typical Heat Treatment/Temper States
Typically Available Forms
Applications
Background
Aluminium alloy 6061 is one of the most extensively used of the 6000 series aluminium alloys.
It is a versatile heat treatable extruded alloy with medium to high strength capabilities.

Composition
Table 1. Typical composition of aluminium alloy 6061

Component Amount (wt.%)

Aluminium Balance

Magnesium 0.8-1.2

Silicon 0.4 – 0.8

Iron Max. 0.7

Copper 0.15-0.40

Zinc Max. 0.25


Titanium Max. 0.15

Manganese Max. 0.15

Chromium 0.04-0.35

Others 0.05

Key Properties
Typical properties of aluminium alloy 6061 include:

• Medium to high strength

• Good toughness

• Good surface finish

• Excellent corrosion resistance to atmospheric conditions

• Good corrosion resistance to sea water

• Can be anodized

• Good weldability and brazability

• Good workability

• Widely available

Note: Property data is provided below, but should be used a guide only. As data may vary
between manufacturers, you should consult your supplier for more exact figures.

Physical Properties
Density: 2.7 g/cm3

Melting Point: Approx 580°C

Modulus of Elasticity: 70-80 GPa

Poissons Ratio: 0.33

Mechanical Properties

Temper Ultimate Tensile 0.2% Proof Stress Brinell Hardness Elongation 50mm
Strength (MPa) (MPa) (500kg load, 10mm dia (%)
ball)

0 110-152 65-110 30-33 14-16

T1 180 95-96 16

T4 179 min 110 min

T6 260-310 240-276 95-97 9-13

Thermal Properties
Co-Efficient of Thermal Expansion (20-100°C): 23.5x10-6 m/m.°C

Thermal Conductivity: 173 W/m.K

Electrical Properties
Electrical Resistivity: 3.7 – 4.0 x10-6 Ω.cm

Typical Heat Treatment/Temper States

Treatment Definition

F As fabricated
0 Annealed to obtain lower strength temper

T1 Cooled from an elevated shaping process and naturally aged1

T4, T4511 Solution heat treated and naturally aged2,3

T51 Cooled from an elevated shaping process and artificially aged

T6, T6511 Solution heat treated and artificially aged2,3

Note:

1. This designation applies to products which are not cold worked after cooling from an elevated temperature shaping process, or in which the effect of cold work in
flattening or straightening has no effect on mechanical properties

2. This designation applies to products which are not cold worked after solution heat-treated, or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening has no
effect on mechanical properties

3. This designation applies to products which are not cold worked after solution heat-treatment, or in which the effect of cold work in flattening or straightening does
not effect mechanical properties.

Typically Available Forms


Being and extruded grade of aluminium, alloy 6061 is typically available as:

• Tube

• Bar

• Pipe
• Rod

Although many manufacturers offer a range of other standard extruded profiles.

Applications
Typical applications for aluminium alloy 6061 include:

• Aircraft and aerospace components

• Marine fittings

• Transport

• Bicycle frames

• Camera lenses

• Driveshafts

• Electrical fittings and connectors

• Brake components

• Valves

• Couplings

Source: AZoM.com
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Comments

1. Bavington MachineWorks says:

September 7, 2015 at 8:36 AM

I have noticed a change in the machinability of 6160 after welding. It becomes more difficult to
machine smoothly. Is there some process that I could perform post weld to return the material to it's
original state?

Thanks

0 0
Reply

2. John Paver says:

July 22, 2016 at 10:42 AM

I have 10 pieces 6061 t6, 12' OD x 9.4 ID x 20" long.


what is the rate of expansion for the OD and the ID?

0 0
Reply

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and
opinions of AZoM.com.
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6061 - T6 Extrusions

Aluminium alloy 6061 is a medium to high strength heat-treatable alloy with a strength higher than
6005A. It has very good corrosion resistance and very good weldability although reduced strength in
the weld zone. It has medium fatigue strength. It has good cold formability in the temper T4, but
limited formability in T6 temper. Not suitable for very complex cross sections.

Applications
Alloy 6061 is typically used for heavy duty structures in:
~ Rail coaches
~ Truck frames
~ Ship building
~ Bridges and Military bridges
~ Aerospace applications including helicopter rotor skins
~ Tube
~ Pylons and Towers
~ Transport
~ Boilermaking
~ Motorboats
~ Rivets

Chemical Composition

Spec: BS EN 573-3:2009
Alloy 6061
Chemical Element % Present

Manganese (Mn) 0.0 - 0.15

Iron (Fe) 0.0 - 0.70

Magnesium (Mg) 0.80 - 1.20


Silicon (Si) 0.40 - 0.80

Copper (Cu) 0.15 - 0.40

Zinc (Zn) 0.0 - 0.25

Titanium (Ti) 0.0 - 0.15

Chromium (Cr) 0.04 - 0.35

Other (Each) 0.0 - 0.05

Others (Total) 0.0 - 0.15

Aluminium (Al) Balance

Properties

Physical Property Value

Density 2.70 g/cm³

Melting Point 650 °C

Thermal Expansion 23.4 x10^-6 /K

Modulus of Elasticity 70 GPa

Thermal Conductivity 166 W/m.K

Electrical Resistivity 0.040 x10^-6 Ω .m

Spec: BS EN 755-2:2008
Extrusions - Up to 200mm Dia. & A/F, 5mm WT for Tube and Prof
Mechanical Property Value

Proof Stress 240 Min MPa


Tensile Strength 260 Min MPa

Hardness Brinell 95 HB

Temper Types

The most common temper for 6061 aluminium is:

 T6 - Solution heat treated and artificially aged

Supplied Forms

Alloy 6061 is typically supplied as

 Extrusions

Weldability

Weldability – Gas: Good

Weldability – Arc: Very Good

Weldability – Resistance: Good

Brazability: Good

Solderability: Good
Fabrication

Workability – Cold: Good

Machinability: Acceptable

Download PDF Version

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Last Datasheet Revision


11 January 2016

Disclaimer
This Data is indicative only and as such is not to be relied upon in place of the full specification. In particular, mechanical
property requirements vary widely with temper, product and product dimensions. All information is based on our present
knowledge and is given in good faith. No liability will be accepted by the Company in respect of any action taken by any third
party in reliance thereon.

Please note that the 'Datasheet Update' date shown above is no guarantee of accuracy or whether the datasheet is up to
date.

The information provided in this datasheet has been drawn from various recognised sources, including EN Standards,
recognised industry references (printed & online) and manufacturers’ data. No guarantee is given that the information is from
the latest issue of those sources or about the accuracy of those sources.
Material supplied by the Company may vary significantly from this data, but will conform to all relevant and applicable
standards.

As the products detailed may be used for a wide variety of purposes and as the Company has no control over their use; the
Company specifically excludes all conditions or warranties expressed or implied by statute or otherwise as to dimensions,
properties and/or fitness for any particular purpose, whether expressed or implied.

Advice given by the Company to any third party is given for that party’s assistance only and without liability on the part of the
Company. All transactions are subject to the Company’s current Conditions of Sale. The extent of the Company’s liabilities to
any customer is clearly set out in those Conditions; a copy of which is available on request.

Copyright 2016 Aalco Metals Limited. All rights reserved. | Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions | Sitemap |

| |

Registered in England & Wales No. 3551533. VAT N

6061-T6 Aluminum
6061-T6 aluminum is a type of 6061 aluminum. It is furnished in the T6 temper.

Material Properties
Base Metal Price16 % rel
Brinell Hardness95
Calomel Potential-740 mV
Density2.7 g/cm (170 lb/ft )
3 3

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus69 GPa (10 x 10 psi) 6

Electrical Conductivity43 % IACS


Electrical Resistivity Order of Magnitude-7 10 Ω-m x

Elongation at Break8.8 %
Fatigue Strength (Endurance Limit)96 MPa (14 x 10 psi) 3

Melting Onset (Solidus)580 °C (1080 °F)


Modulus of Resilience (Unit Resilience)530 kJ/m 3

Poisson's Ratio0.33
Shear Modulus26 GPa (3.8 x 10 psi) 6

Shear Strength210 MPa (30 x 10 psi) 3

Specific Heat Capacity900 J/kg-K


Strength to Weight Ratio110 kN-m/kg
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)310 MPa (45 x 10 psi) 3

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)270 MPa (39 x 10 psi) 3

Thermal Conductivity170 W/m-K


Thermal Diffusivity70 m /s 2
Thermal Expansion23 µm/m-K
Unit Rupture Work (Ultimate Resilience)26 MJ/m 3

The length of each bar compares the given value to the highest value in the database.

Alloy Composition
Aluminum (Al)95.9 to 98.6 %
Magnesium (Mg)0.8 to 1.2 %
Silicon (Si)0.4 to 0.8 %
Iron (Fe)0 to 0.7 %
Copper (Cu)0.15 to 0.4 %
Chromium (Cr)0.040 to 0.35 %
Zinc (Zn)0 to 0.25 %
Manganese (Mn)0 to 0.15 %
Residuals0 to 0.15 %
Titanium (Ti)0 to 0.15 %

Publications
6061-T6 Aluminum In Depth

Followup Questions
How are the material properties defined?How does 6061-T6 aluminum compare to other
aluminum alloys?How does it compare to other metal alloys?

Further Reading
Aluminum Standards and Data, Aluminum Association Inc., 2013

ASTM B209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

ASTM B210: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless
Tubes

ASTM B211: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire

ASTM B221: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods,
Wire, Profiles, and Tubes

ASTM B247: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Die Forgings, Hand
Forgings, and Rolled Ring Forgings

ASTM B308: Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 6061-T6 Standard Structural Profiles
ASTM B483: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Tube and Pipe
for General Purpose Applications

ASTM B547: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Formed and Arc-
Welded Round Tube

EN 485-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Sheet, strip and plate. Mechanical properties

EN 754-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Cold drawn rod/bar and tube. Mechanical
properties

EN 755-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Mechanical
properties

Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials, Lloyd H.


Hihara et al., 2014.

ISO 6361: Wrought Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheets, Strips and Plates

Copyright
Base Metal Price16 % rel
Brinell Hardness95
Calomel Potential-740 mV
Density2.7 g/cm (170 lb/ft )
3 3

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus69 GPa (10 x 10 psi) 6

Electrical Conductivity43 % IACS


Electrical Resistivity Order of Magnitude-7 10 Ω-m
x

Elongation at Break8.8 %
Fatigue Strength (Endurance Limit)96 MPa (14 x 10 psi) 3

Melting Onset (Solidus)580 °C (1080 °F)


Modulus of Resilience (Unit Resilience)530 kJ/m 3

Poisson's Ratio0.33
Shear Modulus26 GPa (3.8 x 10 psi)
6

Shear Strength210 MPa (30 x 10 psi) 3

Specific Heat Capacity900 J/kg-K


Strength to Weight Ratio110 kN-m/kg
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)310 MPa (45 x 10 psi) 3

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)270 MPa (39 x 10 psi)


3

Thermal Conductivity170 W/m-K


Thermal Diffusivity70 m /s
2

Thermal Expansion23 µm/m-K


Unit Rupture Work (Ultimate Resilience)26 MJ/m 3

The length of each bar compares the given value to the highest value in the database.

Alloy Composition
Aluminum (Al)95.9 to 98.6 %
Magnesium (Mg)0.8 to 1.2 %
Silicon (Si)0.4 to 0.8 %
Iron (Fe)0 to 0.7 %
Copper (Cu)0.15 to 0.4 %
Chromium (Cr)0.040 to 0.35 %
Zinc (Zn)0 to 0.25 %
Manganese (Mn)0 to 0.15 %
Residuals0 to 0.15 %
Titanium (Ti)0 to 0.15 %

Publications
6061-T6 Aluminum In Depth

Followup Questions
How are the material properties defined?How does 6061-T6 aluminum compare to other
aluminum alloys?How does it compare to other metal alloys?

Further Reading
Aluminum Standards and Data, Aluminum Association Inc., 2013

ASTM B209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

ASTM B210: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless
Tubes

ASTM B211: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire

ASTM B221: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods,
Wire, Profiles, and Tubes

ASTM B247: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Die Forgings, Hand
Forgings, and Rolled Ring Forgings

ASTM B308: Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 6061-T6 Standard Structural Profiles

ASTM B483: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Tube and Pipe
for General Purpose Applications

ASTM B547: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Formed and Arc-
Welded Round Tube
EN 485-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Sheet, strip and plate. Mechanical properties

EN 754-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Cold drawn rod/bar and tube. Mechanical
properties

EN 755-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Mechanical
properties

Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials, Lloyd H.


Hihara et al., 2014.

ISO 6361: Wrought Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheets, Strips and Plates

Copyright 2009-
Base Metal Price16 % rel
Brinell Hardness95
Calomel Potential-740 mV
Density2.7 g/cm (170 lb/ft )
3 3

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus69 GPa (10 x 10 psi) 6

Electrical Conductivity43 % IACS


Electrical Resistivity Order of Magnitude-7 10 Ω-m
x

Elongation at Break8.8 %
Fatigue Strength (Endurance Limit)96 MPa (14 x 10 psi) 3

Melting Onset (Solidus)580 °C (1080 °F)


Modulus of Resilience (Unit Resilience)530 kJ/m 3

Poisson's Ratio0.33
Shear Modulus26 GPa (3.8 x 10 psi)
6

Shear Strength210 MPa (30 x 10 psi) 3

Specific Heat Capacity900 J/kg-K


Strength to Weight Ratio110 kN-m/kg
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)310 MPa (45 x 10 psi) 3

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)270 MPa (39 x 10 psi)


3

Thermal Conductivity170 W/m-K


Thermal Diffusivity70 m /s
2

Thermal Expansion23 µm/m-K


Unit Rupture Work (Ultimate Resilience)26 MJ/m 3

The length of each bar compares the given value to the highest value in the database.

Alloy Composition
Aluminum (Al)95.9 to 98.6 %
Magnesium (Mg)0.8 to 1.2 %
Silicon (Si)0.4 to 0.8 %
Iron (Fe)0 to 0.7 %
Copper (Cu)0.15 to 0.4 %
Chromium (Cr)0.040 to 0.35 %
Zinc (Zn)0 to 0.25 %
Manganese (Mn)0 to 0.15 %
Residuals0 to 0.15 %
Titanium (Ti)0 to 0.15 %

Publications
6061-T6 Aluminum In Depth

Followup Questions
How are the material properties defined?How does 6061-T6 aluminum compare to other
aluminum alloys?How does it compare to other metal alloys?

Further Reading
Aluminum Standards and Data, Aluminum Association Inc., 2013

ASTM B209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

ASTM B210: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless
Tubes

ASTM B211: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire

ASTM B221: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods,
Wire, Profiles, and Tubes

ASTM B247: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Die Forgings, Hand
Forgings, and Rolled Ring Forgings

ASTM B308: Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 6061-T6 Standard Structural Profiles

ASTM B483: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Tube and Pipe
for General Purpose Applications

ASTM B547: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Formed and Arc-
Welded Round Tube

EN 485-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Sheet, strip and plate. Mechanical properties

EN 754-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Cold drawn rod/bar and tube. Mechanical
properties
EN 755-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Mechanical
properties

Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials, Lloyd H.


Hihara et al., 2014.

ISO 6361: Wrought Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheets, Strips and Plates

Copyright 2009-