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Problem :

Determine a) the principal planes and the principal stresses and b) the maximum shearing stresses,

and c) draw the Mohr’s circle for the state of plane stress resulting from the superposition of the two

states of plane stress shown.

Solution :

The Case I can be transformed to the stress state in the coordinate axes of the Case II for θ = 30◦

as follows:

0 0 0 0

σ xx + σ yy σ xx − σ yy 0

σ xx = + cos 2θ + σ xy sin 2θ

2 2

σ xx = 0 + 0 + 50 × sin 60

σ xx = 43.3 MPa

0 0 0 0

σ xx + σyy σxx − σ yy 0

σyy = − cos 2θ − σxy sin 2θ

2 2

σyy = 0 − 0 − 50 × sin 60

σyy = −43.3 MPa

0 0

σ yy − σ xx 0

σxy = sin 2θ + σ xy cos 2θ

2

σxy = 0 + 50 × cos 60

σxy = 25 MPa

The superposition of the transformed Case - I and Case - II yields

σ yy = −43.3 + 100 = 56.7 MPa

σ xy = 25 + 50 = 75 MPa

The average stress is

σ xx + σ yy 118.3 + 56.7

σ ave = = = 87.5 MPa

2 2

The diﬀerence of the normal stresses is

σ xx − σ yy 118.3 − 56.7

σ dif = = = 30.8 MPa

2 2

The radius of the Mohr’s circle is

q p

R = σ 2dif + σ 2xy = 30.82 + 752 = 81.08 MPa

Dr. M. Kemal Apalak 1

2. Equivalent stress system

σ a,b = σave ± R = 87.5 ± 81.08

σa = 168.58 MPa

σb = 6.42 MPa

The principal directions are

σ xy 75

tan 2θa = = , θa = 33.84◦

σ dif 30.8

θb = 33.84◦ + 90 = 123.84◦

The maximum in-plane shearing stress is

(τ max )in-plane = R = 81.08 MPa

and the normal stress in these planes is

σ n = σ ave = 87.5 MPa

The corresponding directions are

θd = θa + 45 = 33.84 + 45, θd = 78.84◦

θe = 78.84◦ + 90 = 168.84◦

3. Mohr’s representation of the plane stress state

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