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Plane stress

(Strength of Materials - I, Final Exam-41-3)


Problem :

1. Superposition of two different plane stress states

Determine a) the principal planes and the principal stresses and b) the maximum shearing stresses,
and c) draw the Mohr’s circle for the state of plane stress resulting from the superposition of the two
states of plane stress shown.

Solution :
The Case I can be transformed to the stress state in the coordinate axes of the Case II for θ = 30◦
as follows:
0 0 0 0
σ xx + σ yy σ xx − σ yy 0
σ xx = + cos 2θ + σ xy sin 2θ
2 2
σ xx = 0 + 0 + 50 × sin 60
σ xx = 43.3 MPa

0 0 0 0
σ xx + σyy σxx − σ yy 0
σyy = − cos 2θ − σxy sin 2θ
2 2
σyy = 0 − 0 − 50 × sin 60
σyy = −43.3 MPa

0 0
σ yy − σ xx 0
σxy = sin 2θ + σ xy cos 2θ
2
σxy = 0 + 50 × cos 60
σxy = 25 MPa
The superposition of the transformed Case - I and Case - II yields

σxx = 43.3 + 75 = 118.3 MPa


σ yy = −43.3 + 100 = 56.7 MPa
σ xy = 25 + 50 = 75 MPa
The average stress is
σ xx + σ yy 118.3 + 56.7
σ ave = = = 87.5 MPa
2 2
The difference of the normal stresses is
σ xx − σ yy 118.3 − 56.7
σ dif = = = 30.8 MPa
2 2
The radius of the Mohr’s circle is
q p
R = σ 2dif + σ 2xy = 30.82 + 752 = 81.08 MPa
Dr. M. Kemal Apalak 1
2. Equivalent stress system

The principal stresses are


σ a,b = σave ± R = 87.5 ± 81.08
σa = 168.58 MPa
σb = 6.42 MPa
The principal directions are
σ xy 75
tan 2θa = = , θa = 33.84◦
σ dif 30.8
θb = 33.84◦ + 90 = 123.84◦
The maximum in-plane shearing stress is
(τ max )in-plane = R = 81.08 MPa
and the normal stress in these planes is
σ n = σ ave = 87.5 MPa
The corresponding directions are
θd = θa + 45 = 33.84 + 45, θd = 78.84◦
θe = 78.84◦ + 90 = 168.84◦

Dr. M. Kemal Apalak 2


3. Mohr’s representation of the plane stress state

4. Representation of the principal planes in the physical plane

Dr. M. Kemal Apalak 3