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MATERIALS:

CONCRETE:

f’c = compressive strength at 28 days

Ec = modulus of elasticity of concrete

w 2500 kg/m 3

Ec wc 0.043 f 'c for

1.5 c

3

wc 1500 kg/m

Ec 4700 f 'c for normal weight concrete wc 2300 kg/m

3

REINFORCING STEEL:

Structural Grade (ASTM Gr.33/PS Gr.230) fy = 230 MPa

Intermediate Grade (ASTM Gr.40/PS Gr.275) fy = 275 MPa

High Carbon Grade (ASTM Gr.60/PS Gr.415) fy = 415 MPa

Es = modulus of elasticity of steel

Es = 200,000 MPa

REINFORCED CONCRETE

DESIGN

(Alternate Design Method)

Design Principle:

actual stress, f < allowable stress, fallowable

Code Spec’s:

allowable fc = 0.45 f’c

Investigation of Beam Section

1. Transform the beam section into an

equivalent homogenous section.

2. Locate the Neutral Axis (NA) of the

section.

3. Analyze using: Mc

a) flexure formula, f I , or

b) internal couple method (statics of

internal forces)

(c)

#1. Problem

A rectangular reinforced concrete beam

section 300mm wide with an effective depth

of 600mm is subjected to a bending moment

of 200 kN-m. The beam is reinforced with

4-32mm. The modular ratio , n = 8.

300 mm

1. Find the distance of the NA

from the top of the section.

2. Find the total compressive

force in concrete. 600 mm

3. Calculate the maximum stress

in concrete. 4-32mm

4. Determine the maximum

stress in steel.

25728/246.3/386175/10.45/120.1

#2. Problem

A reinforced concrete beam is 400 mm

wide with an effective depth of 530 mm. It

has a tensile reinforcement of 4 – 25mm.

f’c = 21 MPa and fs = 140 MPa.

1. Calculate the modular ratio, n

(up to one decimal place). 400 mm

inertia of the transformed section. 530

mm

3. Find the moment capacity of the

4-25mm

section.

4. Calculate the total safe uniform

load the beam could support over

a 6m span in kN/m. 9.3/18265/179/3015e6/159.2/129.3/29.73

T-BEAM ANALYSIS:

Case I: Case II:

NA is in the flange NA is in the web

b

tf NA

NA

d

As nAs nAs

rectangular section T-beam section

#3. Problem

A concrete beam section has the

following dimensions: b = 600mm,

bw = 300mm, d = 500mm and tf = 80 mm.

It is reinforced with 3-28mm tension steel.

It is subjected to a bending moment of 100

kN-m. f’c = 21 MPa, fs = 165 MPa and n = 9.

600 mm

1. Calculate the maximum 80 mm

stress in concrete.

2. Find the concrete stress at 500 16632/147.7

the bottom of the flange. mm 2678e6/5.52

compressive force in the 218803/218896

300 mm

concrete.

RC Beams with Compression Steel

and non-linearity of the stress-strain relation,

compression steel As’ is transformed as 2nAs’.

Note: tension steel As is still transformed as nAs.

Tension Steel As nAs

Compression Steel As ’ 2nAs’

#4. Problem

A 300mm x 600mm reinforced concrete

beam section is reinforced with 4-28mm

tension steel at d = 536mm and 2-28mm

compression steel at d’ = 64mm. The section is

subjected to a bending moment of 150 kN-m.

f’c = 21 MPa, fs = 165 MPa and n = 9.

300 mm

1. Find the maximum

64 mm

stress in concrete.

2-28mm 22176

2. Determine the stress 20944

536

in the compression 600 mm 186.2

mm

steel. 3672e6

7.61

128.6

For Practice: A 400mm x 600mm box

section has a uniform wall thickness of 60 mm except

at the bottom which is 140mm thick. It is reinforced

with 3 – 25mm at d = 540mm. n = 9, f’c = 20 MPa

and fs = 124 MPa.

1. Calculate the moment capacity

of the section considering the

concrete part of the beam. 400 mm

(Mc = 123.7 kN-m)

2. Find the moment capacity of

the section considering the

steel part of the beam. 600 540

mm mm

(Ms = 90.35 kN-m)

3. Determine the maximum

simply supported span of the 3-25mm

load of 80 kN. (L = 4.153m)

END of LECTURE

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