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11 Nov 2011 11:12:36

REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAM DESIGN (NZS 3101-95)

Material Properties

Concrete strength,
f_c 30 MPa

Concrete stress block factors,


f_c
α_1 if 0.85 0.004 55 0.75
MPa
0.75
else
f_c
if 0.85 0.004 55 0.85
MPa
0.85
else
f_c
0.85 0.004 55
MPa --> α_1 0.85

f_c
β_1 if 0.85 0.008 30 0.65
MPa
0.65
else
f_c
if 0.85 0.008 30 0.85
MPa
0.85
else
f_c
0.85 0.008 30 --> β_1 0.85
MPa

Steel bars yield strength,


f_y 400 MPa
f_ys 240 MPa

Modulus of elasticity of steel reinforcement,


E_s 200000 MPa

Beam Dimensions
Width,
b_w 400 mm

Depth,
h 400 mm

Concrete cover,
c_v 30 mm

Main bars diameter,


D_b 22 mm

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Strirrup bars diameter,
d_b 10 mm

Effective depth,
Tension steel (assumed as one layer),
D_b
d h c_v d_b --> d 349 mm
2

adjust and overwrites for steel bars if more than one layer,
d 300 mm

Compression steel,
D_b
d_p c_v d_b --> d_p 51 mm
2
adjust and overwrites for steel bars if more than one layer,
d_p 51 mm

D e s i g n f o r F l e x u r e

Factored negative or positive moment,


M_u 300 kN m

Strength reduction factors for bending,


φ_b 0.85

Depth of the compression block,


2 2 M_u
a d d
α_1 f_c φ_b b_w --> a 155.792 mm

Neutral axes depth at balanced conditions,


600 MPa
c_b d --> c_b 180 mm
600 MPa f_y

Maximum allowed depth of the compression block,


a_max 0.75 β_1 c_b --> a_max 114.75 mm

b_type if a a_max
"CASE 1 - Singly Reinfoced Beams"
else
"CASE 2 - Doubly Reinforced Beams"

--> b_type "CASE 2 - Doubly Reinforced Beams"

CASE 1
a a_max 0
“(1) TRUE” area of tensile steel reinforcement,
M_u
A_s
a --> 2
φ_b f_y d A_s 3972.705 mm
2

Number of bars required,


A_s
N_b --> N_b 10.451 bars
1 2
π D_b
4

CASE 2
a a_max 1
“(1) TRUE” compression reinforcement is required,

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Compressive force developed in the concrete alone,
C α_1 f_c b_w a_max --> C 1170.45 kN

Moment resisted by the concrete and bottom steel,


a_max
M_c C d φ_b --> M_c 241.383 kN m
2

Moment resisted by compression steel and tensile steel,


M_s M_u M_c --> M_s 58.617 kN m

Compression steel required,


a
c --> c 183.285 mm
β_1

c d_p
f_sp1 0.003 E_s --> f_sp1 433.047 MPa
c

f_y
f_sp min --> f_sp 400 MPa
f_sp1

M_s
A_sp
f_sp α_1 f_c d d_p φ_b --> 2
A_sp 739.521 mm
Number of bars required,
A_sp
N_b --> N_b 1.945 bars
1 2
π D_b
4

Required tensile steel for balancing the compression in concrete,


M_c
A_s1
a_max --> 2
f_y d φ_b A_s1 2926.125 mm
2

Tensile steel for balancing the compression in steel,


M_s
A_s2
f_y d d_p φ_b --> 2
A_s2 692.377 mm

A_s A_s1 A_s2 --> 2


A_s 3618.502 mm

Number of bars required,


A_s
N_b --> N_b 9.519 bars
1 2
π D_b
4

Minimum and maximum tensile reinforcement,


f_c MPa
b_w d
4 f_y
A_smin max 4
A_s --> 2
3 A_smin 4824.669 mm
0.004 b_w d

Beam flexural tensile steel is limited to a maximum,


0.025 b_w d
A_smax min f_c 10 MPa --> 2
b_w d A_smax 2000 mm
6 f_y

D e s i g n f o r S h e a r

Shear force,
V 200 kN

Strength reduction factor for shear,


φ_s 0.65

Shear capacity provided by the concrete,

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A_s
v_b 0.07 10 f_c MPa --> v_b 2.035 MPa
b_w d
v_c v_b --> v_c 2.035 MPa

Checked,
f_c 70 MPa 1

Checked,
0.08 f_c MPa v_b v_b 0.2 f_c MPa 0

Average shear stress is computed for a rectangular beam,


V
v --> v 1.667 MPa
b_w d

Average shear stress is limited to a maximum,


1.1 f_c MPa
v_max min 0.2 f_c
--> v_max 6 MPa
9.0 MPa

Checked,
v v_max 1

Shear reinforcement per unit length,


v_c
A_v if v φ_s
2
mm 2
0.00
mm
else
v_c
if φ_s v v φ_s v_c 0.35 MPa
2
0.35 MPa b_w mm
f_ys
else
v φ_s v_c b_w mm 2
--> A_v 0.882 mm
φ_s f_ys
s 1.0 mm

A_v mm 2
0.882
s mm

Stirrups legs,
n_s 2 legs
1 2
A_sv n_s π d_b --> 2
4 A_sv 157.08 mm
Stirrups spacing required,
A_sv s
S_sp --> S_sp 178.134 mm
A_v

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