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GOAL 16: PEACE, JUSTICE, AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS

In Terms of Pancasila and Citizenship

PAPER

to fulfil the final assignment of

Joint Preparation Stage Program

Fauzi Rulandi Aviantara Goernida

170104170053

FACULTY OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCES

PADJADJARAN UNIVERSITY

JATINANGOR

2017

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ABSTRACT

Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) point 16th, talking about peace, justice and
effective governance. Those are keys to sustainable development, particularly in the
development of people and society. However, today, peacefulness and justice are still not
felt yet by some people. There are still people who live with a sense of fear and have not
received justice that should be obtained. This is exacerbated by some governments that
perpetrate arbitrary societies, such as violence, improper conduct of justice, disrespect for
human rights, and anything else.

In the perspective of Pancasila and citizenship, peacefulness and justice are of


utmost importance in Indonesia. This can be seen from the Preamble of the 1945
Constitution, the second, fourth and fifth principles on Pancasila.

As a knowledgeable human being and as an Indonesian citizen, it should be human


to practice and apply the principles of life in accordance with Pancasila. By implementing
Pancasila, community life will be according to what aspired by Indonesian ancestors.

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FOREWORD

Praise be given to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, because of the gift, this paper can be
completed on time, and thanks also be spoken to the lecturers of the Joint Preparation
Stage Program, parents and friends who have supported and helped on the making of this
paper.

This paper discusses one of the goals in the Goal of Sustainable Development,
which is the 16th objective, Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions. This objective is
discussed in the perspective of Pancasila and Indonesian citizenship

It is hoped that after reading this paper, readers can understand about peace, justice,
and effective governance and its perspective in Pancasila and Indonesian citizenship.

Bandung, 27 December 2017

Writer

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CONTENTS

ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................................................ i
FOREWORD ......................................................................................................................................ii
CONTENTS .......................................................................................................................................iii
PRELIMINARY ................................................................................................................................ 1
1.1. Backgrounds ....................................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Problems............................................................................................................................. 2
1.3. Purpose ............................................................................................................................... 2
DISCUSSION .................................................................................................................................... 3
2.1. Sustainable Development Goals......................................................................................... 3
2.2. Goal 16th of Sustainable Development Goals..................................................................... 3
2.3. Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions on Pancasila perspective ....................................... 4
2.4. Implementation in Indonesia to Achieve the 16th Goal of SDGs ....................................... 6
CLOSING .......................................................................................................................................... 8
3.1. Conclusion.......................................................................................................................... 8
3.2. Suggestion .......................................................................................................................... 9
BIBLIOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. iv

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CHAPTER 1
PRELIMINARY

1.1. Backgrounds

Peace, justice and effective governance. Those are keys to sustainable


development, particularly in the development of people and society. Peaceful is the
main target of the 16th goal. People everywhere need to be free of fear from all forms
of violence. Yet, they need to feel safe about their lives whatever their backgrounds. In
order to reach peaceful condition, it need effective and inclusive institutions that can
deliver human need, like education, healthcare, economics, and environments
protection.
However, today, peacefulness and justice are still not felt yet by some people.
Some people enjoy peacefulness, security and safety, while other people appear to be
in a conflict and violence. There are still people who live with a sense of fear and have
not received justice that should be obtained. This is exacerbated by some governments
that perpetrate arbitrary societies, such as violence, improper conduct of justice,
disrespect for human rights, and anything else.1
The high levels of armed violence and insecurity has a negative impact on the
development of the country, affecting economic growth, and often generates
resentment among communities that can last for generations.
All of the ideologies of the nations around the world, for sure regulating
peacefulness, justice, and strong institutions, including Pancasila, Indonesia’s ideology.
Pancasila as an ideology of Indonesia, contains matters about peace, justice, and strong
institutions which contained expressly or implicitly.
To implementing Pancasila, policies in Indonesia is regulating too about peace,
justice, and strong institutions. On the Indonesia 1945 Constitution, there are several
parts that contained peace, justice, and strong institutions, for example, the preamble
and the chapters.

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Sustainable Development Goals Fund. (2018). Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions. Retrieved
December 25, 2017, from Sustainable Development Goals Fund: http://www.sdgfund.org/goal-16-
peace-justice-and-strong-institutions

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1.2. Problems

In this paper, the problem formulations are as follows:


1. What are the targets of the 16th SDGs?
2. How Pancasila viewed peace, justice, and strong institutions?
3. What is the solution or follow up of the 16th SDGs?

1.3. Purpose

The purpose of this paper is written as follows:


1. Knowing the target of the 16th SDGs
2. To understand the Pancasila view of peace, justice, and strong institutions
3. To understand and applying the solution or the follow up of the 16th SDGs

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CHAPTER 2
DISCUSSION

2.1. Sustainable Development Goals

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a set of global goals, global targets,


global targets and global indicators, the member states of the United Nations (UN) used
and the agenda for the next 15 years, i.e. in 2030. The SDGs is a continuation of the
Millennium Development Goals that ended in 2015.

The goals in the SDGs are:

1. No Poverty 10. Sustainable Cities and


2. No Hunger Communities
3. Good Health and Well Being 11. Responsible Consumption and
4. Quality Education Production
5. Gender Equality 12. Climate Actions
6. Affordable and Clean Energy 13. Life Below Water
7. Decent Works and Economic 14. Life on Land
Growth 15. Peace, Justice, and Strong
8. Industry, Innovation, and Institutions
Infrastructure 16. Partnerships for the Goals
9. Reduced Inequalities
Those goals are the continuation of the Millennium Development Goals, with additions
in several sectors: climate change, economic equality, innovation, sustainable
consumption, peace and justice, etc.

2.2. Goal 16th of Sustainable Development Goals

The 16th goals on the SDGs is Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions. Those aspects
nowadays are the important aspects that support human life. Everyone needs
peacefulness in their life. Everyone needs justice in order to balancing between rights
and obligations. To reach peacefulness and justice, it needs strong institution from the
government whether it is private or public.

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Peace has many definitions. “Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2017) defines peace: 1.
a state of tranquillity or quiet, 2. freedom from disquieting or oppressive thoughts or
emotions, and 3. harmony in personal relations”.
Meanwhile, “Cambridge Dictionary (2017) defines peace: 1. freedom from war and
violence, especially when people live and work together happily without
disagreements, 2. the state of not being interrupted or annoyed by worry, problems,
noise, or unwanted actions.”
From those definitions and meanings, can be concluded, peace is a state or condition of
tranquillity and freedom from violence and fear.

Same as peace, justice has many definitions. “Cambridge Dictionary (2017) defines
justice: 1. fairness in the way people are dealt with, and 2. the system of laws in a
country that judges and punishes people.”
“Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2017) defines justice: the quality of being just,
impartial, or fair.” Can be concluded, justice is a state of fairness.

However, today, peacefulness and justice are still not felt yet by some human.
Some people enjoy peacefulness, security and safety, while other people appear to be
in a conflict and violence. Follow up from those problems, it is important that
government, civil society, communities, and private institutions work together to
implement solutions to reduce violence, strengthen justice, and ensure inclusive
participation.

2.3. Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions on Pancasila perspective

Pancasila is the ideology of the Indonesian nation. The Five Principles have since
become the blueprint of the Indonesian nation. In the constitution of the Republic of
Indonesia promulgated in 1945, the five principles are:
1. Belief in the One and Only God
2. A just and civilized humanity
3. A unified Indonesia
4. Democracy, led by the wisdom of the representatives of the People
5. Social justice for all Indonesians
In these precepts, peace, justice, and strong institutions are contained explicitly and
expressly in terms, especially in the 2nd, 4th, and 5th precepts.

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Implementation of the Pancasila can be seen in the Indonesian 1945 Constitution
and the Law of Indonesia. In the 1945 Constitution, details on the opening of the law,
clearly written about peace. In the law, there are articles governing peace, justice,
human rights, and the role of state institutions.
2.3.1. The 2nd Precept
The 2nd Precept, a just and civilized humanity, contained that humans must
be humanized or treated humanely. Every human being has a right that cannot be
inviolable by anyone. It aims to achieve a sense of peace in the human
individual. In addition, this precept also includes justice. Justice in this precept is
defined, between rights and obligations must be balanced.
From this precept, violence, something causes other individuals to fear or
threatened, injustice, and other related things, is contrary to the ideology and
principles of Indonesia.
2.3.2. The 4th Precept
The 4th precept, Democracy, led by the wisdom of the representatives of the
People, contained that every public institutions in Indonesia, must prioritizing
the interests of the people based on democracy. They must serve and
accommodate all the needs of its citizens to achieve peace and justice.
Democracy promote the rule of law at the national and international levels
and ensure equal access to justice for all, because democracy is based on citizen.
Furthermore, the 4th precept want Indonesia institutitons developing effective,
accountable and transparent institutions at all levels.
2.3.3. The 5th Precept
The 5th precept, social justice for all Indonesians, promote state of justice
for all Indonesian. Social justice means every human should have equal access to
fulfill social life, like wealth, health, wellbeing, justice, and opportunity. It is not
limited by any specific religion, political view, skin color, position, and others.
No one can restrict a human to gain its social needs. Although not restricted, but
human beings should be as fair as possible, meaning not excessive or in
accordance with needs.
In this precepts, the government as an institution authorized to provide the
social needs of its citizens, must be fair, meaning that all citizens get the needs

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provided without exception. Institutions must be open, no action should be
detrimental to the citizens or to make people burdened.
2.3.4. Indonesian 1945 Constitution
In the Indonesia 1945 Constitution, peace and justice become elements that
support the constitution. It can be seen from the preamble of the 1945
Constitution of 1st Paragraph stated, "That indeed freedom is the right of all
nations and therefore, the colonization of the world must be abolished because it
is not in accordance with humanity and justice." From the paragraph, it can be
known that Indonesia upholds peace in all areas Colonialism is inhuman and
unfair to human beings.
In the 2nd Paragraph of the 1945 Constitution is written, "And the struggle of
the independence movement of Indonesia has arrived to a happy moment with a
safety deliver the people of Indonesia to the gate of independence of the
Indonesian state, which is independent, united, sovereign, just and prosperous."
From the paragraph, Indonesia upholds justice and wants justice to people of
Indonesia.
Justice to be achieved clarified in the Paragraph IV of the 1945
Constitution. Justices to be achieved are: to protect the entire Indonesian nation
and the entire blood of Indonesia, promote the common good, the intellectual
life of the nation, participate in the implementation of world order based on
freedom, eternal peace, and social justice.

2.4. Implementation in Indonesia to Achieve the 16th Goal of SDGs


To achieve peace, justice, and strong institutions, it is necessary to implement the
theories that have been formulated. Various implementations have been undertaken by
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and governments of countries. The
implementation of this 16th objective is collaborated with other goals.

In Indonesia, to achieve this goal (peace and justice), strong institutions are
established to organize and oversee its role in the area of peace and justice. The
institutions are built strong and have strong and interdependent relationships between
each other. The institutions are the People's Legislative Assembly, the People's
Consultative Assembly, the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Court, and the Judicial

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Commission. In addition, there are non-governmental organizations engaged in social,
peace, and justice enforcement.

The Court is more emphasizing the enforcement of justice, so it will create


peacefulness from the hostile parties. Meanwhile, the legislative assembly emphasizes
the interests and needs of the people to achieve the conditions aspired by Pancasila,
especially the fifth precept.

Non-governmental organizations emphasize the guarding of justice and peace


undertaken by state institutions. Currently there are many Indonesian NGOs working in
the field of justice, especially in the enforcement of human rights, workers' rights, and
legal aid for the community. The existence of this NGO is due to public trust to judicial
institution in Indonesia is still low.

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CHAPTER 3
CLOSING

3.1. Conclusion
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a set of global goals, global targets,
global targets and global indicators, the member states of the United Nations (UN)
used and the agenda for the next 15 years, i.e. in 2030. The 16th SDG goal is
discussing about Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions.

Peace is a state or condition of tranquillity and freedom from violence and fear,
justice is a state of fairness. Peace and justice are the important aspects that support
human life. Everyone needs peacefulness in their life and everyone needs justice in
order to balancing between rights and obligations. To reach peacefulness and
justice, it needs strong institution from the government.

However, today, peacefulness and justice are still not felt yet by some human.
Some people enjoy peacefulness, security and safety, while other people appear to
be in a conflict and violence. This is exacerbated by some governments that
perpetrate arbitrary societies, such as violence, improper conduct of justice,
disrespect for human rights, and anything else.

Pancasila is the ideology of the Indonesian nation. The Five Principles have
since become the blueprint of the Indonesian nation. In those precepts, peace,
justice, and strong institutions are contained explicitly and expressly in terms,
especially in the 2nd, 4th, and 5th precepts. Implementation of the Pancasila can be
seen in the Indonesian 1945 Constitution and the Law of Indonesia.

The 2nd Precept contained that humans must be humanized or treated humanely.
Every human being has a right that cannot be inviolable by anyone. It aims to
achieve a sense of peace in the human individual. The 4th precept contained that
every public institutions in Indonesia, must prioritizing the interests of the people
based on democracy. They must serve and accommodate all the needs of its citizens
to achieve peace and justice. The 5th precept promote state of justice for all
Indonesian. It is not limited by any specific religion, political view, skin color,
position, and others.

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In the Indonesia 1945 Constitution, peace and justice become elements that
support the constitution. It can be seen from the preamble of the 1945 Constitution
of the 1st and the 2nd Paragraph. From the paragraph, it can be known that Indonesia
upholds peace in all areas Colonialism is inhuman and unfair to human beings and
Indonesia upholds justice and wants justice to people of Indonesia

In Indonesia, to achieve this goal (peace and justice), strong institutions are
established to organize and oversee its role in the area of peace and justice. The
institutions are the People's Legislative Assembly, the People's Consultative
Assembly, the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Court, and the Judicial
Commission. In addition, there are non-governmental organizations engaged in
social, peace, and justice enforcement.

3.2. Suggestion
According to the author, peace and justice are things that must be felt and
carried out by all human beings. Both of these can be achieved if people are aware
of peace and justice. However, this should also be supported by the government.
The government is obliged to carry out its duty to achieve peace and justice.
Therefore, institutions that have their own roles are established.

As a citizen of Indonesia, Pancasila needs to be practiced in everyday life,


because Pancasila is a guideline in a state. By practicing Pancasila, peace and
justice in Indonesia will not be difficult to achieve. Every citizen must also be
aware that violence, acts of terror, and the taking of the rights of others are
prohibited. If it is realized, then every citizen will achieve peace and justice. State
institutions also need to work together, they cannot work independently. Also, there
needs to be cooperation between the community and the government.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bappenas. (2018). Perdamaian, Keadilan, dan Kelembagaan yang Tangguh. Retrieved


December 25, 2017, from SDGs Bappenas: http://sdgs.bappenas.go.id/perdamaian-
keadilan-dan-kelembagaan-yang-tangguh/

Cambridge Dictionary. (2017). justice. Retrieved from Meaning in The Cambridge English
Dictionary: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/justice?q=Justice

Cambridge Dictionary. (2017). peace. Retrieved from Meaning in The Cambridge


Dictionary: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/peace

Merriam Webster. (2017). Justice. Retrieved from Merriam-Webster:


https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/justice

Merriam Webster. (2017). Justice. Retrieved from Merriam-Webster:


https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/justice

Merriam-Webster. (2017). Peace. Retrieved from Merriam-Webster:


https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/peace

Sustainable Development Goals Fund. (2018). Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong
institutions. Retrieved December 25, 2017, from Sustainable Development Goals
Fund: http://www.sdgfund.org/goal-16-peace-justice-and-strong-institutions

United Nations. (2017, January). Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions. Retrieved
December 25, 2017, from United Nations:
http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/16-
00055p_Why_it_Matters_Goal16_Peace_new_text_Oct26.pdf

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