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1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)

Tooling

Technology: Subsea Operations

Abstract
This guideline provides an overview of basic remotely operated vehicle (ROV)
tooling generally specified during request for quotation (RFQ). It describes ROV
type and function and standard tooling required for each type of ROV operation,
and includes a list and description of common ROV tooling. ROV tooling is
constantly evolving. Readers are encouraged to contact the Chevron Energy
Technology Company (ETC) Subsea Group for the latest details on the required
items of tooling.

Contents Page
1210 Introduction 1200-3
1211 ROV Tooling
1212 ROV Interfaces
1213 ISO Standards
1214 Company Standard Tooling
1215 Newly Proven Technologies and Enhanced Operational Abilities
1220 ROV Types and Function 1200-4
1221 General
1222 Survey ROV
1223 Drill Rig Support ROV
1224 Construction ROV
1230 Standard Tooling 1200-6
1231 General
1232 ROV Operations Tool Selection
1240 ROV Tooling Requirements 1200-9

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-1
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

1250 Description of Tools 1200-11


1260 Spares 1200-56
1270 Documentation 1200-56
1271 ROV Standard Tooling Documentation Package
1272 Tooling Operational Documentation
1273 Inventory List
1274 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
1275 Specification Sheets/Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Manuals
1280 References 1200-57
1290 Acronyms 1200-58

1200-2 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

1210 Introduction

1211 ROV Tooling


ROV tooling in the oil and gas industry has grown from a reactionary requirement
to service subsea intervention needs into a standardized tooling portfolio generally
conforming to the latest publications of industry standards.
While some ROV tooling will be generated by the spot market as a working
prototype not necessarily conforming to a specific standard, the majority of ROV
tooling within the industry today has become part of a standard suite, conforming to
ISO standards, and common to most operators.

1212 ROV Interfaces


Standards for ROV interfaces have evolved and are now codified as ISO standards.
From the early 1990s, operators have used sections of API Spec 17D (first edition,
October 1992) to specify ROV tooling interfaces such as hot stab, torque tool, and
linear valve override interfaces.
These standards formed the basis for API RP 17H, that has since been adopted into
ISO 13628-8 (first edition, December 2002).

1213 ISO Standards


For ROV tooling, Chevron ETC Subsea Department (the Company) will use the
following ISO standards as benchmarks to specify:
• Fluid Cleanliness, ISO 11218
• Colors and Markings, ISO 13628-1
• ROV Tooling Interfaces, ISO 13628-8
• Remotely Operated Tooling (ROT), ISO 13628-9

1214 Company Standard Tooling


Company has elected to generate a set of ROV tooling general specifications for
standard tools. This general tooling specification should be used in accordance with
the applicable sections of the ISO standards listed in Section 1213, in order to
standardize interfacing of equipment from contractors.
This guideline provides a generalized ROV tooling list, identifying the more
common ROV tooling rather than a complete and comprehensive, global tooling
list. This list is not intended to be a catchall list of tooling within the industry.
The guideline covers the minimum acceptable ROV tooling, referencing necessary
standards where applicable.

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-3
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

1215 Newly Proven Technologies and Enhanced Operational Abilities


Company recognizes that contractors will make every effort to use “standard” or
“conventional” subsea tooling hardware wherever possible. However, there will be
instances where contractors propose tools based on newly proven technologies,
similar field proven technologies, or methodologies that enhance the operational
abilities of the tooling and tooling systems. Such new tooling items are not
addressed in this document.
Contractor is required to submit detailed technical specifications and case histories
of all such new tooling to Company for review and comment.

1220 ROV Types and Function

1221 General
ROV Types
Tooling is either operated or installed by the following ROV types:
• survey ROV
• drill rig support ROV
• construction ROV
As the standard ROV may be reconfigured for a variety of operations, ROV type is
defined by its function and associated tooling.

Deck Hydraulic Power Unit (HPU)


Surface HPU is used to supply hydraulic fluid for ROV tooling during:
• deck operations;
• filling of compensators;
• tooling tests;
• internal flushing/cleaning of hydraulic fluids.

1222 Survey ROV


Survey ROV is considered as a support vessel based system. Survey ROV will
perform operations such as:
• built survey;
• debris recovery;
• digital still photography;
• inspection and maintenance of subsea facilities;
• monitoring of currents and weather;
• post-lay survey;
• pre-lay survey;

1200-4 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

• single transponder installation and removal;


• temperature and salinity monitoring;
• transponder array installation and recovery.

1223 Drill Rig Support ROV


The Drill Rig Support ROV is considered as a drill rig based system. It will perform
operations such as:
• AX/VX or other seal replacement;
• blowout preventer/lower marine riser package (BOP/LMRP)/guide base
intervention activities;
• cleaning ring gasket surfaces;
• debris recovery;
• dredging or sea bottom removal operations;
• establishment and recovery of guideposts;
• inspection and diagnostic operations (tree orientation, cathodic protection
monitoring, etc.);
• jetting operations with seawater;
• valve operation;
• pumping of corrosion inhibitors;
• pumping of methanol;
• visual observation (BOP/LMRP landing, inspection, and other operations).

1224 Construction ROV


Construction ROV is considered a vessel/drill rig based system. Construction ROV
will perform operations such as:
• anode replacement;
• cleaning hub sealing surfaces;
• CP testing;
• debris recovery;
• diver support;
• dredging operations;
• grinding and cutting operations;
• handling of electrical and hydraulic flying leads;
• high pressure (HP) and low pressure (LP) seal and hydrostatic testing by means
of hot stab;
• hub gasket replacement;
• keelhauling and handover operations;
• subsea choke maintenance, recovery, and installation;
• manifold and subsea structure installation, maintenance, and replacement;
• manipulator valve operations;
• metrology operations;

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-5
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

• pipeline, pipeline end termination (PLET), and inline tee (ILT) installation;
• pressure testing;
• pigging operations;
• pipeline repair operations;
• pumping of corrosion inhibitors;
• rigid spool jumper installations;
• rope, nylon sling, and wire rope cutting operations;
• sensor replacement;
• subsea accumulator module inspection;
• subsea control module inspection, maintenance, and replacement;
• suction anchor installation and monitoring;
• tooling intervention activities with BOPs, subsea trees, manifolds, subsea
distribution units (SDUs), and other subsea systems;
• touchdown monitoring;
• valve (both linear and manual rotary) override operations.

1230 Standard Tooling

1231 General
When reviewing ROV tooling proposed for a subsea event, the design and
engineering must demonstrate a philosophy that reflects the end user’s
requirements in terms of:
• efficiency in achieving the required task;
• simplicity in handling subsea/surface;
• ease in maintenance.
Tool design and manufacturing must produce a quality product that is as:
• compact as possible;
• lightweight in water as possible;
• modular or compartmentalized as possible (reliability and maintenance are
priorities).

1232 ROV Operations Tool Selection


Standard tooling required for ROV operations (based on Gulf of Mexico practice) is
shown in Figure 1200-1. Tools are identified by ROV operations type; survey, drill
rig support, construction, or other. Tool descriptions are listed alphabetically in
Section 1250.

1200-6 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Fig. 1200-1 Tool Selection Based on ROV Operations (1 of 2)

Drill Rig
Tool Name Survey Support Construction Other
1.5-Inch Hard-Line Cutter X X
3.0-Inch Hard-Line Cutter X
3D Laser Camera X
Acoustic Camera X
Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) X
Altimeter X X X
Anchor Suction Pump X
Articulated Attachment Device (AAD) X
AX/VX Gasket Replacement Tool X X
Bathymetry Sensor X
Boom and Camera Pan and Tilt (P&T) X
Cathodic Protection (CP) Probe X X
Chop Saw X
Color Camera X X X
Computing and Telemetry Transponder (Compatt) X X X
Computing and Telemetry Transponder (Compatt) Stands X X X
Control Fluid HPU X X
Digiquartz Depth Sensor X X
Docking Cone X
Dredge X X
Dual Head Profilers X
Flying Lead Orientation Tool (FLOT) X X
Forward Looking Sonar X X X
Gasket Replacement Tool (GRT) X
Grease Injection Tool X
Grinder X X
Guide Wire Release Tool X
Gyro X X X
Hot Stab ISO X X
Hot Stab Zero Leak X X
Hub Cleaning Tool X X
Inclinometer X X X
Inertial Navigation System (INS) X

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-7
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Fig. 1200-1 Tool Selection Based on ROV Operations (2 of 2)

Drill Rig
Tool Name Survey Support Construction Other
Isolated Hydraulic Power Unit (IHPU) X X
Leak Detection Equipment X
Linear Valve Override Tool (LVOT) X X
Marker Buoys X X X
Methanol Injection System X
Mobile Transponder Bucket X X
Multibeam Sonar X X
Odometer Wheel X
Pipe Tracker X X
Pump—HP X X
Pump—LP X X
Remote Control Unit (RCU) X X
Rope Jacks X
ROV Hooks X
ROV Shackles X
ROV Work Basket X X X
RovNav X X X
Side Scan Sonar X
Silicon Intensified Target (SIT) Camera X X X
Soft Line Cutter X X
Strake Installation Tool X
Sub Bottom Profilers X
Subsea Attitude Monitoring System (SAMS) Tool X
Taut Wire Metrology System X
Temperature and Salinity (T&S) Probe X X
The Lock Open Tool/Lock Closed Tool (LOT/LCT) X
Torque Limiting Tool X
Torque Tool Class 1–4 X X
Torque Tools Class 5 and 6–7 X
Variable Buoyancy X
Wall Thickness Measurement Tool X
X-axis, Y-axis, and Z-axis Indexing Tool (XYZ Tool) X

1200-8 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

1240 ROV Tooling Requirements


ROV tooling shall comply with the following requirements:
• Where applicable, tooling shall comply with the following ISO standards:
– Fluid Cleanliness, ISO 11218
– Colors and Markings, ISO 13628-1
– ROV Tooling Interfaces, ISO 13628-8
• Electric tooling shall preferably:
– operate on standard ROV output voltages, such as 12 vdc, 24 vdc, and
110 vac;
– limit current requirements to five amps;
• Hydraulically operated tooling shall preferably:
– operate using environmentally friendly hydraulic fluid and zero spill
philosophy;
– limit general tooling operating pressure to 3000 psi (207 bar) (not
including HP devices, such as intensifiers or pumps);
– limit flow rates to four gpm (18.2 l/min.) (not including high flow devices,
such as anchor pile pumps).
• Tooling shall be operated by any work class ROV (WROV) of opportunity.
• Tooling shall be easily manipulated by either Schilling or Perry manipulators.
• Tooling shall have built in manipulator interfaces that comply with Company
requirements.
• Tooling shall have protected visual indicators for:
– pressure;
– lock/unlock functions;
– depth of penetration;
– rotational effect.
• Tooling visual indicators shall comply with Company requirements.
• Tooling that incorporates manipulator operated valves shall have isolation
mechanisms on each valve interface that prevent loads other than manufacturer
specifications from being imparted to the valve stem. Such isolation
mechanisms shall comply with Company requirements.
• New tooling designs shall be submitted to Company for review and comment.
Submittals shall include:
– basis of design (BOD) documentation;
– component selection qualifications;
– proof of qualification testing (including hyperbaric testing, if possible);
– conformity to ABS 2002 edition, for pressure containing vessels;

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-9
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

– conformity to DNV 2.7 1, “Offshore Containers Certification Notes for


large tooling transportation containers;”
– design with respect to ISBN 0 89874 805 4, “Handbook of Oceanographic
Engineering Materials for material choice.”
• Tooling shall be robust and fit for purpose.
• Tooling shall incorporate protection or guards for exposed components that
may be damaged by, or cause damage to, subsea equipment/ROV or personnel
during either subsea or surface operations.
• If applicable, ROV tooling shall be capable of independent storage subsea
when not in use during subsea operations. Electrical, hydraulic, and
mechanical connections shall be wet mateable and have appropriate blanking
plugs/caps.
• Tooling shall have failsafe release mechanisms that, in the event of ROV
telemetry/power or hydraulic failure, allow ROV and vessel to recover without
damaging subsea equipment/installation.
• Tooling shall have set tooling limitations that do not exceed subsea equipment
limitations.
• Material selection shall preferably be:
– high tolerance materials;
– low specific gravity materials;
– less noble materials.
• Tool center of mass shall preferably be coincident with tool center of the
geometry.
• ROV interfaces/lift points should be located as close as possible to tool center
of mass.
• Weight in water of tooling at rest (unassisted) shall be negative.
• Tooling weight in water shall be approximately 100 lb (45 kg) negative (or less
for smaller components, such as ROV hot stabs).
• Additional buoyancy and/or ballast shall be suitably rated for tool maximum
operating depth.
• Tooling that is to be handled by ROV shall be easily transported, manipulated,
and orientated both horizontally and vertically.
• Fixing hardware shall preferably be 316L SS or similar noble material.
• Fixing hardware and mated/moving surfaces shall preferably have a suitable
Teflon based anti galling compound, such as Fastorq A/G, applied prior to
assembly.

1200-10 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

• Thread tape shall not be used in any hydraulic circuit.


• Lubricants exposed to seawater shall be marine use only, such as Aqua Lube,
Aquashield, or CRC Sta-Lube Pn 3130.

1250 Description of Tools


1.5-Inch Hard-Line Cutter
The 1.5-inch (38-mm) hard-line cutter is a hydraulically operated guillotine style
cutter capable of cutting up to 1.5-inch (38-mm) IWRC wire rope. The cable is
captured within the cutter body, generally within the geometry (hooked shape) body.
Once the wire is in place, the piston driving the guillotine blade is energized (in
some instances from an intensified hydraulic circuit) and the cut is made. These
tools are an off the shelf item that may be rented for the installation program.
Note Scissor style cutters are not an acceptable alternative.

1.5-Inch Hard-Line Cutter Specification


Size 14×4×5 in. approximately
Weight 30 lb (wet)
Pressure 3000 psi
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Flow 1 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Throat Size 1.65 in.
Maximum Cable Cut 1-1/2 in. IWRC 6×19 Wire Rope
Materials Preferred Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Hydraulic Interface Zero Spill Hot Stab
Mechanical Interface ISO 13628-8, Section 13.3

Image courtesy of Oceaneering Image courtesy of Saipem America

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-11
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

3.0-Inch Hard-Line Cutter


The 3.0-inch (75-mm) hard-line cutter is also a hydraulically operated guillotine
style wire cable cutter. This larger model is capable of cutting up to 3.0-inch
(75-mm) IWRC wire rope. The cable is captured within the cutter body by an
extending/retracting anvil. Once the anvil is in place, the piston driving the
guillotine blade is energized (generally from an intensified hydraulic circuit) and
the cut is made. These tools are an off the shelf item that may be rented for the
installation program.
Note Scissor style cutters will not be an acceptable alternative.

3.0-Inch Hard-Line Cutter Specification


Size 17×6×10.5 in. approximately
Weight 70 lb (wet)
Pressure 10,000 psi
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Flow 1 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Throat Size 3.35 in.
Maximum Cable Cut 3.0 in. IWRC 6×19 Wire Rope
Hydraulic Interface Zero Spill Hot Stab
Mechanical Interface ISO 13628-8, Section 13.3

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby Image courtesy of Webtool/Variator

1200-12 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

3D Laser Camera
The subsea laser camera is a derivative of the “land based survey camera”. It is a
relatively new ROV systems tool with applications varying from short distance
metrology to local inertial navigation system (INS) functions. The camera is capable
of producing a 3D image of its target due to its unique time stamping of returning
light data.
The subsea version of this camera will be housed within a one atmosphere housing
capable of operating at depths of 10,000 ft. (3048 m). The interface to the cable
must also be rated for operation at 10,000 ft. (3048 m).

3D Laser Camera Specification


Size 12×5×10 in. approximately
Weight 10 lb (wet)
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Range 30 ft. (minimum)

Image courtesy of Laseroptronix Image courtesy of Laseroptronix

Acoustic Camera
The acoustic camera is a development of the ROV sonar, utilizing up to
256 individual beams to generate a real time image of the surroundings in turbid
conditions, allowing the operator to continue operations in zero visibility.

Acoustic Camera Specification


Size 12×10×7 in. approximately
Weight 14 lb approximately
Voltage 24 vdc
Current 1.25 amp
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-13
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Acoustic Camera Specification

Image courtesy of Sound Metrics Corp Image courtesy of RESON

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP)


The ADCP is used to determine the current profile within a water column using a
doppler sonar system. This information is particularly useful for ROV INS systems,
or in determining the loads induced on subsea equipment in high current areas.

ADCP Specification
Size 15×10 in. OD approximately
Weight Size Dependent
Telemetry RS 232/422
Voltage 24 vdc
Current 100 ma
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 3000 ft.

Image courtesy of Sontek Image courtesy of RD Teledyne

1200-14 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Altimeter
The ROV altimeter is an acoustic device similar to the forward looking sonar. The
altimeter is mounted within the ROV in an unobstructed area looking downward to
the seabed. The ROV altimeter collects data from the returns to give the ROV
operator a precise distance from the base of the ROV to the seabed.

Altimeter Specification
Size 8×3.5 in. OD approximately
Weight 5 lb approximately
Voltage 24 vdc
Current 1.8 amp
Telemetry RS 232/485
Materials Preferred Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Teledyne Benthos Image courtesy of Kongsberg


Mesotech

Anchor Suction Pump


The anchor suction pump is a suction pile installation tool that may be a skid
mounted frame bolted to the underside of the ROV, or a single modular unit with
controls which has a high flow, low differential pump connected via hot stab to a
suction pile. This pump is generally an anchor or zip pump capable of creating a
partial vacuum inside the pile, which causes the pile to draw itself into the sea bed.

Anchor Suction Pump Specification


Size 17×12×20 in. approximately
Weight 30–45 lb (wet)
Input Pressure 3000 psi
Input Flow 15 gpm–25 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Output Pressure Differential 150 psi
Output Flow 80–160 m3/hr.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-15
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Anchor Suction Pump Specification


Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Tritech Image courtesy of Oceanworks

Articulated Attachment Device (AAD)


The AAD is a means of attaching the ROV to a structure via a 10-inch (254-mm)
suction cup. The ROV achieves this by locating the suction cup onto a flat surface
or large diameter pipe, activating a water pump to draw water from between the
suction cup and target, creating a lower pressure differential, allowing the cup to
form an attachment to the target (approximately 120 lbf [534 N]). This function
allows for simple passive station keeping applications.

AAD Specification
Size 48×12 in. outside diameter (OD) approxi-
mately
Weight 85 lb approximately
Articulation Lock Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 1 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby

1200-16 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

AX/VX Gasket Replacement Tool


The AX/VX gasket replacement tool is a hydraulically operated expanding gasket
profile used to latch into a spent tree or hub gasket for removal operations. This tool
can also be used to insert a new AX/VX gasket.

AX/VX Gasket Replacement Tool Specification


Size 18–20 in. diameter
Height 12–24 in.
Weight 35 lb (wet)
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 1 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Oceaneering Image courtesy of Saipem America

Bathymetry Sensor
The bathymetry sensor package consists of precision depth sensor with
conductivity and temperature sensor and an altimeter that collects a data stream that
is fed into a topside computer to calculate the exact depth of the seabed at that point.

Bathymetry Sensor Specification


Size 18×5 in. approximately
Weight 7 lb approximately
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-17
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Bathymetry Sensor Specification

Image courtesy of Tritech Image courtesy of Valeport

Boom and Camera Pan and Tilt (P&T)


The boom and camera P&Ts are used in surveys where three videos (top of pipe,
pipe left, and pipe right with respect to heading) are required of a particular section
of a pipeline. Two booms are mounted, one on each side on the forward section of
the ROV. The ROV operator is able to independently deploy the booms outboard of
the ROV, allowing each camera an additional standoff of approximately 4 ft. (1.2 m)
from the side of the ROV and pipeline being surveyed.
The P&Ts at the end of each boom afford the operator precise adjustment of the
viewing areas to produce full coverage video of the exposed section on the pipeline.
Boom Cameras—the boom camera is usually a high resolution, off the shelf camera,
set into pressure rated housing. The camera is generally mounted at the outboard
end of an articulated boom, usually onto a P&T.

Boom and Camera P&T Specification


Size 60×10×14 in. approximately
Weight 30 lb each approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 1 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

1200-18 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Boom and Camera P&T Specification

Image courtesy of Saipem America Image courtesy of Seaeye

Cathodic Protection (CP) Probe


The CP probe is a silver/silver chloride half cell used to monitor the cathodic
potential of the subsea equipment. The ROV will place a probe either in contact
with, or in proximity to, the subsea equipment and measure the potential difference.

CP Probe Specification
Size 30×6×6 in. approximately
Weight 20 lb approximately
Power 2 × 9 vdc Batteries
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of IRI a div. of Image courtesy of SES div. of


Deepwater Corrosion Services a div. Oceantools
of Stoprust

Chop Saw
The chop saw is a rotating 12- to 60-inch cutting disk either hydraulically fed or
viscously coupled to a clamping device with hydraulic force feedback to allow
controlled delivery of the cutting disk to the job site. The chop saw is generally used

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-19
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

as a contingency device for cutting free, and recovery of, such items as pipe,
chokes, mooring lines, and other large diameter round stock.

Chop Saw Specification


Size 15×14×10 in.
Weight 25 lb
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 6 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Roper Resources Image courtesy of Saipem America

Color Camera
The color camera is a high resolution, off the shelf camera set into pressure rated
housing. Some cameras may have an option for line drivers to transmit the color
video signal via coaxial cable for extended lengths (for example 3000 ft. [914 m] of
umbilical on some of the older ROV systems).

Color Camera Specification


Size 10×4 in. OD approximately (large)
Weight 6 lb
Voltage 12 vdc–24 vdc
Horizontal Resolution 470 lines (minimum)
Light Sensitivity 0.1 Lux
Materials Preferred Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

1200-20 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Color Camera Specification

Image courtesy of Tritech Image courtesy of Kongsberg Maritime

Computing and Telemetry Transponder (Compatt)


The compatt is a subsea acoustic transmitter (beacon) used in the transmission of
sound for underwater navigation, positioning, data communication, and control.
These beacons may be used to establish an array for accurate measurement of
subsea equipment particularly in rigid spool metrology. Compatts may also be used
to fix the position of equipment installed on the seabed, such as trees and
manifolds. The latest generation of this transponder/beacon is the Compatt five.

Compatt Specification
Size 40×6 in. OD approximately
Weight 40 lb
Frequency 18–36 kHz
Range 15,000 ft. (minimum)
Battery Life 90 days (min.)
Materials Preferred Composites/Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Sonardyne Image courtesy of Teledyne Benthos

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-21
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Computing and Telemetry Transponder (Compatt) Stands


Compatt stands are stand alone items used to place a compatt on the seabed to
ensure stability of the acoustic beacons in the upright position for accurate
positioning measurements.

Compatt Stands Specification


Size 80×36×36 in.
Weight > 50 lb
Materials Preferred Mild Steel
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Abyssus Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting

Control Fluid HPU


The control fluid HPU is generally not an integral part of the ROV, but is a
purchased or hired unit for the period of the work scope. Therefore, the control fluid
HPU is considered as an additional tool to drive other tooling during deck and
function checks. Various types of control fluid HPUs are available, ranging from
motor/pump combinations to reciprocating cylinder types. The most effective is the
double acting reciprocating piston type.

Control Fluid HPU Specification


Size 72×72×36 in. approximately
Weight 900 lb approximately
Pressure 10,000 psi (minimum)
Flow 4 gpm
Fluid Water/Glycol
Materials Preferred Aluminum T6-606/Titanium/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

1200-22 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Control Fluid HPU Specification

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting

Digiquartz Depth Sensor


The Digiquartz depth sensor is a resonant quartz pressure transducer that can
accurately measure water depth to within 0.01 percent full scale (FS). Due to the
accuracy of this sensor, the Digiquartz is a key element for accurate measurement of
subsea profile and equipment particularly in rigid spool metrology.

Digiquartz Specification
Size 7×1.5 in. OD approximately
Weight 2.5 lb approximately
Input Voltage 12 vdc
Current 1 amp
Materials Preferred Composites/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Paroscientific Image courtesy of Paroscientific

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-23
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Docking Cone
The docking cone is a hydraulically actuated device usually mounted onto the front
of the ROV, allowing the ROV to lock onto a location or load.

Docking Cones Specification


Size 18×7 in. OD approximately
Weight 22 lb approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 1 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Dredge
The ROV dredge is a high follow, low pressure pump capable of moving
approximately 10 cubic yards of seabed (sand/drilling mud) per hour. The dredge
pump is mounted inboard of the ROV, with the exhaust hose trailing at the rear
of the ROV (approximately 10 ft. [3 m]). The suction line is strapped to the
manipulator for direction control.

Dredge Specification
Size 14×22×12 in.
Weight 80 lb
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 8 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

1200-24 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Dredge Specification

Image courtesy of Tritech Image courtesy of Stanley

Dual Head Profilers


The dual head profiler system consists of two linked profilers (master and slave)
that are synchronized to perform an overlapping seabed profile from either side of
the ROV as the ROV tracks a lay path. When synchronized, both will not ping at the
same time. To prevent cross acoustic interference, the profilers will ping at
alternate intervals.

Dual Head Profilers Specification


Size 10×4 in. OD approximately
Weight 6 lb approximately
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of SES div. of Image courtesy of SES div. of


Oceantools Oceantools

Flying Lead Orientation Tool (FLOT)


The FLOT is used in conjunction with the class 1-4 torque tool to orientate or align
the axis of the flying lead head with the axis of the receptacle. This is achieved by
energizing a helical piston to tilt the head up/down, or by energizing a yaw piston to
rotate the head either clockwise or counter clockwise. After both axes are aligned,

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-25
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

the ROV establishes the flying lead connection into the receptacle. There are two
types of FLOTs available:
1. A generic or standard FLOT that uses ROV hydraulic power to achieve
alignment of the flying lead head with the receptacle.
2. A rigid FLOT that uses ROV pitch and roll capabilities to achieve orientation
alignment.

FLOT Specification
Size 27×30×42 in. approximately
Weight 220 lb approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 4 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of SS7 Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Forward Looking Sonar


The forward looking sonar is available in many configurations. In its basic form, a
mechanically scanned array scans the desired region of interest during the rotation
of the array. This scan can be either pulsed or continuous transmission frequency
modulation (CTFM).

Forward Looking Sonar Specification


Size 12×7 in. OD approximately
Weight 12 lb approximately
Telemetry RS 232/422/485
Telemetry rate 57 kbps (minimum)
Range 1500 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

1200-26 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Forward Looking Sonar Specification


Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Kongsberg


Image courtesy of Tritech
Mesotech

Gasket Replacement Tool (GRT)


The GRT is used in conjunction with the vertical connection tool, should the
seal test of the metal to metal seal in the vertical connection fail. The vertical
connection tool will release the connection and raise the jumper such that the
gasket replacement tool can be loaded into the hub area to replace the seal.

GRT Specification
Size 33×19×8 in. approximately
Weight 115 lb approximately
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Cameron Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting

Grease Injection Tool


The grease injection tool is a hydraulically driven piston device that is packed on
the output side with the required grease to be injected.

Grease Injection Tool Specification


Size 34×13×11 in.
Weight 500 lb
Pressure 1200 psi
Flow 15 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-27
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Grease Injection Tool Specification


Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of McFarland

Grinder
The ROV grinder is a simple hydraulic motor coupled to a standard cutting disk for
use as a contingency function. The grinder is generally a modified diver's hand held
unit for ROV applications.

Grinder Specification
Size 9×9 in. OD approximately
Weight 14 lb approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 6 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting Image courtesy of Oceaneering

1200-28 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Guide Wire Release Tool


The ROV guide wire release tool is either a hydraulically actuated manipulator
deployed release tool, or a manually actuated lever style release tool, that is used to
release the Regan Latch from the subsea structure guide posts.

Guide Wire Release Tool Specification


Size 14×15×11 in. approximately
Weight 40 lb approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 1 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Oceaneering


Image courtesy of SS7

Gyro
The onboard gyro is a precision heading sensor used to accurately determine the
heading of the ROV and subsea equipment.

Gyro Specification
Size 12×7 in. OD approximately
Weight 21 lb approximately
Voltage 110 vac
Current 300 ma
Stabilization 5 min.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-29
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Gyro Specification

Image courtesy of SES div. of


Oceantools
Image courtesy of CDL

Hot Stab ISO


The dual port hot stab is used to transfer hydraulic fluid from the ROV to the subsea
tooling. This stab has a dual taper, which is designed to eliminate pressure block on
hot stab removal. These units are available in two pressure ratings: 10,000 psi
(689 bar) with standard O-rings or seals, and 15,000 psi (1034 bar) with backup
rings.

Hot Stab ISO Specification


Size 18×4 in. approximately
Weight 8 lb approximately
Pressure 10,000 psi
Flow 4 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby

1200-30 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Hot Stab Zero Leak


The hot stab zero leak is a hybrid hot stab with flush faced seals used to mitigate
any water ingress during hydraulic mating cycles of ROV tooling to the ROV. This
stab is generally used where ROV tooling is deployed subsea, and wet stored for use
at a later date.

Hot Stab Zero Leak Specification


Size 13×3×4 in. approximately
Weight 6 lb approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 4 gpm
Fluid ISO Fluids
Materials Preferred Composites/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Mako

Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Hub Cleaning Tool


There are two types of hub cleaning tools used prior to jumper installation:
1. Active—A hydraulically operated tool that sits over the hub and sealing surface
and uses a high pressure water jet to clean the sealing surface.
2. Passive—A manipulator held scrubbing tool that uses polymer abrasive pads
(such as 3M scrubbing pads) to clean light sediment and grease from the
sealing surface of the receiving hub. This type hub cleaning tool is
manufactured from high density polymers to ensure that no damage occurs
to the hub sealing surface.

Hub Cleaning Tool Specification


Size Hub Dimension Dependent
Weight Hub Dimension Dependent
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 2 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-31
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Hub Cleaning Tool Specification


Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Oceaneering


Image courtesy of SS7

Inclinometer
The inclinometer is a means for the ROV to measure the inclination/declination of a
subsea structure. The inclinometer is generally a passive device such as bull’s-eye/
pendulometer, or an active device such as an ROV accessible SAMS unit.

Inclinometer Specification
Size 4×14 in. OD approximately
Weight 20 lb approximately
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting Image courtesy of Radoil

Inertial Navigation System (INS)


The INS provides the position, velocities, and attitude of a vehicle by measuring the
accelerations and rotations applied to the system's frame. Once initiated, the INS
refers to no external input, and is therefore immune to jamming and deception. INS

1200-32 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

systems are currently used in autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) for


navigation during seabed surveys.

INS Specification
Size 18×9 in. OD approximately
Weight 57 lb approximately
Voltage 24 vdc
Current 1.5 amp
Communication RS 232/422
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Kearfott


Image courtesy of Fugro

Isolated Hydraulic Power Unit (IHPU)


The IHPU is generally not an integral part of the ROV. It is essential that the ROV
system fluids remain isolated from the tooling fluids. Therefore, the IHPU is
considered as an additional tool to drive other tooling functions. Various types of
IHPUs are available, ranging from motor/pump combinations to reciprocating
cylinder types. The most effective is the double acting reciprocating piston type.

IHPU Specification
Size 30×12×10 in. approximately
Weight 100 lb approximately
Pressure 10,000 psi approximately
Flow 2 gpm approximately
Fluid ISO (primary), Control Fluids (secondary)
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-33
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

IHPU Specification

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby Image courtesy of Fugro

Leak Detection Equipment


The ROV mounted leak detection equipment is either an acoustic listening device,
optical sensor package, or a combination of both. These packages are generally hire
items.

Leak Detection Specification


Size 9×4 in. OD approximately
Weight 4 lb approximately
Voltage 24 vdc
Current 550 ma
Resolution 470 lines
Materials Preferred Composites/Titanium/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Rocket Science


Image courtesy of Kongsberg

Linear Valve Override Tool (LVOT)


The LVOT is generally a two part tool that has a locking function and an actuation
function. The LVOT is used to physically override linear valves on both trees and
manifolds. Once the actuator has been energized, the piston forces the linear valve
to operate, and the locking mechanism can be engaged, holding the valve in that last
position. The actuator can then be removed from the locking mechanism.

1200-34 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

LVOT Specification
Size 22×11 in. OD approximately
Weight 80 lb approximately
Pressure 10,000 psi
Flow 2 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Titanium/ Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Image courtesy of Fugro

Marker Buoys
For deep water, these are generally syntactic foam spheres used in operations to
mark the locations of equipment that will be installed on the seabed.

Marker Buoyancy Specification


Size 18 in. OD approximately
Weight 80 lb approximately
Materials Preferred Composites
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Oceaneering


Image courtesy of Floatation
Technologies

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-35
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Methanol Injection System


The methanol injection system, sometimes referred to as the hydrate remediation
skid, is currently available in two forms:
1. The reciprocating suction pump and reservoir model offered by Oceaneering is
a bolt on skid package. This skid is bolted to, and becomes resident on, the
lower weldment of the ROV. The package comes complete with integral
buoyancy to compensate for the additional weight of the equipment and support
skid, and requires only hydraulic flow and power/signal lines from the ROV.
The disadvantage is that the increased size of the ROV results in a larger sail
area that the ROV must compensate for.
2. The modular pump and reservoir module offered by Perry are modular units
that can be mixed and matched into the existing ROV real estate tailored to the
operator's requirements. The disadvantage is that the equipment adds extra
weight to the ROV (approximately 110 lb [50 kg]) that must be compensated
for, usually by removing surplus ballast, or by adding buoyancy in the area
where the equipment resides.

Methanol Injection System Specification


Size 60×120×20 in. approximately
Weight 1200 lb approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 15 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Oceaneering


Image courtesy of Saipem America

1200-36 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Mobile Transponder Bucket


The mobile transponder bucket is a tube shaped housing, with a stab style interface
at one end, that is used to move, place, and protect a compatt that is used for
metrology.

Mobile Transponder Bucket Specification


Size 44×10 in. OD approximately plus Handles
Weight 35 lb approximately
Interface 2 in. Stab
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-061/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting


Image courtesy of Geo Century

Multibeam Sonar
The multibeam sonar is a development of the ROV sonar that utilizes up to
256 individual beams to generate a real time image of the surroundings.

Multibeam Sonar Specification


Size 17×10×4 in.
Weight 26 lb
Voltage 50 vdc
Current 1 amp
Telemetry RS 232
Materials Preferred Composites/Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-37
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Multibeam Sonar Specification

Image courtesy of Reson Image courtesy of SRD

Odometer Wheel
The odometer wheel is the subsea equivalent of a surface odometer. The odometer
wheel is mounted on the bottom of an ROV or survey skid and is used to accurately
measure the length of exposed subsea pipelines.

Odometer Wheel Specification


Size 8 in. OD
Weight 14 lb
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Saipem America

Pipe Tracker
Pipe tracker is generally a passive device consisting of three coils that is used to
track buried pipeline or umbilical.

Pipe Tracker Specification


Size 40×36×2 in.
Weight 22 lb
Voltage 110 vac

1200-38 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Pipe Tracker Specification


Current 1.5 amp
Telemetry RS 232 or 20 ma current loop
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Invatum a div. of WBIP a


div. of MDU
Image courtesy of TSS

Pump—HP
The HP pump is generally an intensifier style pump used in intervention, generally
capable of delivering 10,000 to 15,000 psi (689 to 1034 bar) for pressure testing and
seal testing. The more common use of this pump is for driving control fluid circuits
and methanol injection. This style of pump is also capable of delivering up to
36,000 psi (2482 bar) for events such as node cleaning for close visual inspection
(CVI) and magnetic visual inspection (MPI).

HP Pump Specification
Size 20×10×8 in. approximately
Weight 110 lb approximately
Pressure 10,000 psi approximately
Flow 2 gpm approximately
Fluid Glycol/Methanol
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-39
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

HP Pump Specification

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Pump—LP
The LP pump is generally a smaller size, composite material (usually glass filled
polypropylene impeller and housing) pump capable of pumping 50 gpm with
maximum pressure of 75 psi (5.2 bar) for washout functions such as sediment
removal.

LP Pump Specification
Size 12×12×18 in.
Weight 20 lb approximately
Pressure 1500 psi
Flow 6 gpm
Fluid Water
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Saipem America


Image courtesy of SS7

1200-40 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Remote Control Unit (RCU)


The RCU, sometimes referred to as the tool control unit (TCU), is used to control
the hydraulic pressure and flow to components such as HP pumps, torque tools, and
linear valve override tools.

RCU Specification
Size 12×10×7 in. approximately
Weight 30 lb approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 6 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Voltage 24 vdc
Telemetry RS 485
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Oceaneering


Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby

Rope Jacks
Rope jacks are hydraulically actuated devices that are used to move heavy objects
requiring forces up to 20 tons (907 kg) per rope jack, such as pipelines and
connector actuating tools, into location.

Rope Jack Specification


Size Size Dependent
Weight Size Dependent
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 2 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Stainless Steel 316L/17-4

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-41
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Rope Jack Specification

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting


Image courtesy of Hydratight

ROV Hooks
The ROV hook is a modified industry lifting device used to enable the ROV to
easily attach or remove lifting slings in the deployment or recovery of subsea
equipment. The ROV hook has an extended shank with a stainless steel lanyard or
mechanical gate release.

ROV Hook Specification


Size Size Dependent
Weight Size Dependent
Type Long Shank
Gate Operation Cable or Mechanical
Depth Rating Full Ocean Depth
Materials Preferred Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting Image courtesy of Oceaneering

1200-42 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

ROV Shackles
ROV shackles are standard shackles modified (usually spring loaded) for ROV use
subsea. These shackles range in size from 8.5 t (8,500 kg) to 85 t (85,000 kg) after
which, the practicality of using this type of shackle diminishes. Larger shackles
from 85 t to 200 t are sometimes modified to be operated hydraulically.

ROV Shackle Specification


Size Size Dependent
Weight Size Dependent
Depth Rating Full Ocean Depth
Materials Preferred Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Saipem America Image courtesy of Saipem America

ROV Work Basket


The ROV work basket is a utility basket used to transport ROV tooling, pressure
caps, transponders, and other equipment required for subsea installations. The ROV
work basket is also a storage location for ROV tooling when multiple tasks are
required.

ROV Work Basket Specification


Size 72×72×60 in. approximately
Weight 3000 lb approximately
Lift Point Single Point
Depth Rating Full Ocean Depth
Auxiliary Equipment Lid/Hot Stab Compensation
Materials Preferred Steel

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-43
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

ROV Work Basket Specification

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting


Image courtesy of UDECO

RovNav
The RovNav beacon is generally a small acoustic beacon mounted to ROV top front
bumper to track its position in the water column.

RovNav Specification
Size 14×5 in. OD approximately
Weight 26 lb approximately
Voltage 24 vdc
Telemetry RS 232/485
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Titanium/ Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Sonardyne


Image courtesy of Sonardyne

Side Scan Sonar


The side scan sonar is a specialized sonar system for detecting objects on the
seafloor. The side scan sonar transmission is formed into the shape of a fan that
sweeps the seafloor from directly under the ROV to either side, typically to a
distance of 328 ft. (100 m). The returning echo creates a “picture” of the ocean

1200-44 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

bottom/objects that protrude from the bottom. Most side scan systems cannot
provide depth information.

Side Scan Sonar Specification


Size TBA
Weight TBA
Voltage
Current
Telemetry
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of EdgeTech


Image courtesy of EdgeTech

Silicon Intensified Target (SIT) Camera


The SIT camera employs a silicon diode array known for its ability to operate in an
extremely low light level. The SIT camera is able to capture images in low light
levels down to approximately 1.0 × 10-5 Lux. These cameras are an off the shelf
item costing between $12,000 and $25,000.

SIT Specification
Size 12×4 in. OD approximately
Weight 7 lb
Voltage 24 vdc
Current 1 amp
Sensitivity 1×10-4 Lux
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Titanium/ Stainless Steel 316L

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-45
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

SIT Specification

Image courtesy of Kongsberg/Simrad


Image courtesy of Tritech

Soft Line Cutter


The soft line cutter is a hardened steel blade used for cutting soft lines, such as
hold down ties on acoustic transponders, or lanyards during installation of subsea
equipment.

Soft Line Cutter Specification


Size 10×6×4 in.
Weight 3 lb
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Saipem America

Strake Installation Tool


The VIV strake installation tool is designed to be rigidly mounted to the ROV on an
extension platform that will allow the tool to independently pitch and roll the strake
for alignment onto the target location of the pipe. The tool is of lightweight
construction and generally designed around a tong style clamping mechanism.

1200-46 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Strake Installation Tool Specification


Size Strake dependent
Weight 180 lb approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 4 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Image supplied courtesy of Mako

Sub Bottom Profilers


Sub bottom profilers are generally a pair of acoustic scanning heads that map the
profile of the seabed as the ROV passes. These profilers are used for either pre lay
surveys or as built surveys.

Sub Bottom Profiler Specification


Size 14×10 in. OD approximately
Weight 13 lb approximately
Voltage 24 vdc
Current 300 ma
Telemetry RS 232
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-47
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Sub Bottom Profiler Specification

Image courtesy of Tritech Image courtesy of Edge Tech

Subsea Attitude Monitoring System (SAMS) Tool


The SAMS unit is simply a digital inclinometer. It is a digital means for the ROV to
measure the inclination/declination of a subsea structure.

SAMS Specification
Size 24×16×12 in. approximately
Weight 50 lb approximately
Power Onboard battery
Interface Standard 2 in. Stab
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Geo Century

Taut Wire Metrology System


The taut wire metrology system offers a method of obtaining critical measurements
subsea. Taut wire metrology operations is a two step process:
1. The ROV operator installs the anchor within a female receptacle on one
structure/hub and the measuring unit within a female receptacle on the second
structure/hub, then records the measurement data.
2. The ROV operator then reverses the anchor and measuring unit locations, and
records the second set of measurement data.

1200-48 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

The process may be repeated to confirm repeatability. Once measurements are


complete, ROV operator recovers the taut wire metrology system.

Taut Wire Metrology System Specification


Size 40×30×12 in. approximately
Weight 20 lb (wet) approximately
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 4 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Range 200 ft. (max)
Inclination/Declination 25 degrees
Repeatability Distance ±0.1 ft.
Repeatability Inclination Angle ±0.5 degrees
Repeatability Azimuth Angle ±0.5 degrees
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Oceaneering Image courtesy of NGI

Temperature and Salinity (T&S) Probe


The T&S probe is attached or permanently mounted to the ROV and is used to
monitor the temperature and conductivity of the water column. T&S probe data
allows surveyors to make corrections for changes in temperature and salinity for
acoustic measurements.

T&S Probe Specification


Size 40×12×12 in. approximately
Weight 40 lb approximately
Accuracy Temperature ±0.002
Conductivity ±0.002
Pressure FS ±0.02

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-49
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

T&S Probe Specification


Telemetry RS 232/422, RS 485
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of FSI Image courtesy of Sea Bird

The Lock Open Tool/Lock Closed Tool (LOT/LCT)


The LOT/LCT is an override tool designed to hold the linear valve in an “opposite
to spring actuated” default state during offshore installation. The LOT/LCT is used
in conjunction with either an LVOT or a control signal to the linear valve, in order
to install/remove the LOT/LCT.

LOT/LCT Specification
Size 24×8×12 in. approximately
Weight 40 lb approximately (wet)
Interface ISO Standard
Activation Class 4 Torque Tool
Materials Preferred Steel
Surface Coating Lead Screw—Xylan Body—Powder Coat
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting


Image courtesy of Cameron

1200-50 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Torque Limiting Tool


The torque limiting tool is a simple clutch device set to break the drive transfer at a
predetermined torque level. It is used as an external device in conjunction with the
ROV manipulator wrist (125 ft./lb [169 J]) to limit the torque delivered to a valve
stem (typically 45 ft./lb [61 J]) in order protect the valve.

Torque Limiting Tool Specification


Size Approximately 6 in. diameter × 18 in. long
Weight Approximately 8 lb
Torque Range 12–90 ft./lb
Interface ISO Class 1–4 Torque Bucket
Drive Interface ISO Class 1–2 End Effectors
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting

Image courtesy of Under Control

Torque Tool Class 1–4


The class 1–4 torque tool will interface to all ISO class 1–4 rotary torque
receptacles (also API Spec 17D class 1–4 and API RP 17H class 1–4 rotary torque
receptacles). The torque tool is equipped with four individual and unique profile
drive sockets (one for each class).
The torque applied for each class and associated socket can be varied by adjusting
the input pressure to the hydraulic motor. Similarly, the rotational speed can be
varied by adjusting the hydraulic flow through the hydraulic motor. As the hydraulic
motor will have a limited range of output torque, the torque range for each class
may require changing hydraulic motors (some models, by changing the gearbox) to
achieve the desired range.

Torque Tool Class 1–4 Specification


Size 10×8×24 in. approximately
Weight 80 lb (wet)
Pressure 3000 psi

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-51
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Torque Tool Class 1–4 Specification


Flow 4 gpm (max)
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Accuracy/Repeatability ±2% of Class Limit
Hydraulic Connection QD Style at Hose End
Display Data 5 Digit—Torque Output
2 Digit—Turns Output
1 Digit—Direction Output
Display Controls Light activated subsea power on. Autosleep function
after 5 min. non-operation. Surface power on/off reed
switch. Battery life 30 days (minimum).
Latches 500 lb each retaining force required in
reaction wings—failsafe unlatched.
Max Output Torque 2000 ft./lb
Interface ISO Class 1–4 Torque Bucket
Drive Interface ISO Class 1–4 End Effectors
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby

Torque Tools Class 5 and 6–7


The class 5 and 6–7 torque tools are heavier duty torque tools than the class 1–4
torque tools. Class 5 tools are rated at 5000 ft./lb (6779 J) and class 6–7 tools are
rated at 10,000 ft./lb to 25,000 ft./lb (13,558 J to 33,895 J). Similarly to class 1–4
tools, class 5 and 6–7 tools’ torque can be varied by adjusting the input pressure to
the hydraulic motor. The rotational speed can be varied by adjusting the hydraulic
flow through the hydraulic motor. These tools are also an off the shelf item that may
be leased for the installation program.

1200-52 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Torque Tool Class 5 and 6-7 Specification


Size (body) 10 in. OD × 24 in. long approximately
Weight (max) 100 lb (wet)
Pressure (max) 3000 psi
Flow 4 gpm
Fluid Environmentally Friendly
Accuracy/Repeatability ±2% of Class Limit
Hydraulic Connection QD Style at Hose End
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Display Data Digital Subsea Torque (5 Segment), Turns Counter
(2 Segment) and Direction (1 Segment).
Display Controls Light activated subsea power on. Autosleep function
after 5 min. non-operation. Surface power on/off reed
switch. Battery life 30 days (minimum).
Latches None required in reaction wings.
Interface ISO Class 5–7 Torque Bucket
Drive Interface ISO Class 5–7 End Effectors
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby


Image courtesy of Oceaneering

Variable Buoyancy
Variable buoyancy units are generally modular units added to the ROV to assist in
heavy lift operations. The buoyancy is controlled by evacuating a precharged
chamber, creating lift to balance the load of the subsea equipment to be moved. This
device can generally be used in the installation of equipment such as steel flying
leads, choke change out tools, and other large mass components.

Variable Buoyancy Specification


Size 20 in. OD (max)—Length Varying
Weight 20 lb (wet)

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-53
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

Variable Buoyancy Specification


Precharge Pressure 30–40 psi
Buoyancy 200 lb (minimum)–350 lb (nom)
Safety Device 60 psi Rupture Disc or Check Valve, Pres-
sure Gauge
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

Image courtesy of Emanate Consulting

Image courtesy of Perry Slingsby

Wall Thickness Measurement Tool


The wall thickness measurement tool is an adaptation of an ultrasonic, diver
held unit that is capable of measuring the pipe wall thickness and hence material
depletion.

Wall Thickness Measurement Tool Specification


Size 3 in. OD × 12 in. approximately
Weight 1 lb
Power 10–30 vdc
Range 10 in.
Accuracy ±0.005 in.
Telemetry RS 232, 422, 485
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L

1200-54 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

Wall Thickness Measurement Tool Specification

Image courtesy of Cygnus Image courtesy of Cygnus

X-axis, Y-axis, and Z-axis Indexing Tool (XYZ Tool)


The XYZ tool, or TDU, is designed for docking (via dual docking heads) onto
a pre-established location on the subsea structure (such as subsea trees) and
accurately positioning an override tool within the Cartesian plane to activate a
function. The XYZ tool is generally mounted onto the rear of the ROV.

XYZ Tool Specification


Size 60 in. × 30 in. × 55 ft.
Weight Neutrally Buoyant
Pressure 3000 psi
Flow 8 gpm
Depth Rating 10,000 ft.
Operating Window 24×36×40 in.
Materials Preferred Composites/Aluminum T6-6061/
Titanium/Stainless Steel 316L
Fluid Environmentally Friendly

Image courtesy of Oceaneering


Image courtesy of SS7

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-55
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

1260 Spares
Contractor is expected to provide an auditable, complete, and comprehensive spares
set for each tool/tooling system, with minimum spares levels set for the operational
requirement in remote offshore locations, such as West Africa and Russia.
Tooling/system failures must be recoverable from existing local spares inventory. To
ensure that downtime is minimized, sufficient amount of spares must be available,
either onboard, or for larger items (such as spare tooling umbilicals, deployment
wire), within vicinity of operations.

1270 Documentation

1271 ROV Standard Tooling Documentation Package


ROV tooling documentation includes:
• operations and maintenance (O&M) manuals that include:
– physical and functional description of the component;
– equipment list;
– general assembly drawings and schematics;
– handling requirements and procedures for transport, lifting, and sea
fastening;
– installation procedures, including initial setup and pre deployment
– spare parts supplied list;
– recommended spare level;
– vendor data sheets.
• new item test procedures and test results;
• new item manufacturing record books;
• new item design data books;
• shipping/receiving documents.

1272 Tooling Operational Documentation


Tooling documentation required during operations includes:
• materials transfer schedule
• tooling usage log
• spare usage inventory
• 24-hour daily report
• pre-dive and post dive checkoff list
• tooling video log as required
• tooling toolbox talk/task review log as required

1200-56 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

1273 Inventory List


Complete system list includes:
• description
• category/subsystem
• location
• quantity
• minimum quantity levels
• part numbers
• serial numbers

1274 Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)


MSDS sheets shall accompany all tools supplied with any fluids, including:
• operation fluids
• greases
• lubricants
• anti galling compounds
• glues
• bonding agents
• sealants
• cleaners
• corrosion protective agents
• thread locking compounds
• body filling

1275 Specification Sheets/Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Manuals


Contractor is required to provide individual specification sheets, or where
appropriate, O&M manuals, for each of the subsystems defined in this guideline.
O&M manuals are to be supplied in both hard copy and electronic format as
follows:
• hard copy (one copy for ROV van)
• electronic format (one copy for ROV Contractor and one copy for Company)

1280 References
1. ABS 2002 edition, “Rules for Building and Classing Underwater Vehicles,
Systems, and Hyperbaric Facilities”
2. API Spec 17D, “Specification for Subsea Wellhead and Christmas Tree
Equipment”

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-57
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

3. API RP 17H, “Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Interfaces on Subsea Produc-


tion Systems”
4. DNV 2.7 1, “Offshore Containers Certification Notes”
5. ISO 11218:1993, “Aerospace—Cleanliness classification for hydraulic fluids
(draft endorsement of SAE AS4059 Rev. A)”
6. ISO 13628 1:2005, “Design and operation of subsea production systems—
Part 1: General requirements and recommendations”
7. ISO 13628 8:2002, “Design and operation of subsea production systems—
Part 8: Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) interfaces on subsea production
systems”
8. ISO 13628 9:2000, “Design and operation of subsea production systems—
Part 9: Remotely Operated Tool (ROT) intervention systems”
9. ISBN 0 89874 805 4, “Handbook of Oceanographic Engineering Materials”

1290 Acronyms
AAD—Articulated Attachment Device
ADCP—Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
AUV—Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
BOD—Basis of Design
BOP—Blowout Preventer
CCD—Charge Coupled Device (camera)
Compatt—Computing and Telemetry Transponder
CP—Cathodic Protection
CTFM—Continuous Transmission Frequency Modulation
CVI—Close Visual Inspection
FLOT—Flying Lead Orientation Tool
FS—Full Scale
GRT—Gasket Replacement Tool
HP—High Pressure
HPU—Hydraulic Power Unit
IHPU—Isolated Hydraulic Power Unit
ILT—Inline Tee
INS—Inertial Navigation System

1200-58 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007
Subsea Operations 1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling

IWRC—Independent Wire Rope Core


LCT—Lock Closed Tool
LMRP—Lower Marine Riser Package
LOT—Lock Open Tool
LP—Low Pressure
LVOT—Linear Valve Override Tool
MPI—Magnetic Visual Inspection
MSDS—Material Safety Data Sheets
OD—Outside Diameter
O&M—Operations and Maintenance
PLET—Pipe Line End Termination
P&T—Pan and Tilt
QD—Quick Disconnect
RCU—Remote Control Unit (also referred to as TCU)
RFQ—Request for Quotation
ROV—Remotely Operated Vehicle
SAMS—Subsea Attitude Monitoring System
SDU—Subsea Distribution Unit
SIT—Silicon Intensified Target (camera)
SS—Stainless Steel
TCU—Tool Control Unit (also referred to as RCU)
TDU—Tool Deployment Unit (also referred to as XYZ Tool)
T&S—Temperature and Salinity
VIV—Vortex Induced Vibration
WROV—Work Class ROV
XYZ Tool—X-axis, Y-axis, and Z-axis Indexing Tool (also referred to as TDU)

September 2007 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. 1200-59
1200 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Tooling Subsea Operations

1200-60 © 2007 Chevron USA Inc. All rights reserved. September 2007