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UNIT-I

Long Answer Questions:

1. Two control rods are attached at A to lever AB. Using trigonometry and knowing that
the force in the left-hand rod is F1 = 30 N, determine (a) the required force F2 in the
right-hand rod if the resultant R of the forces exerted by the rods on the lever is to be
vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.

2. Four forces act on bolt A as shown. Determine the resultant of the forces on the
bolt.

3. Two cables are tied together at C and are loaded as shown. Determine the tension
(a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.
4. Two traffic signals are temporarily suspended from a cable as shown. Knowing that
the signal at B weighs 300 N, determine the weight of the signal at C.

5. The force P is applied to a small wheel that rolls on the cable ACB. Knowing that the
tension in both parts of the cable is 140 N, determine the magnitude and direction
of P.

6. A system of four forces acting on a body is shown in fig below. Determine the
resultant force and its direction.
7. Determine the tension in the cables AB, and AC required to hold the 40KG crate
shown in fig below.

8. Find the tension in the cable AC and BC

Short Answer Questions: 2 Marks

1. Distinguish the following system of forces with a suitable sketch. a) Coplanar b) Collinear
2. Define Kinetics and Kinematics
3. State Lami’s theorem with a sketch.
4. State parallelogram law and triangle law of forces.
5. Define principle of transmissibility.
6. Write the equations of equilibrium of a coplanar system of forces.
7. Differentiate between ‘Resultant’ and ‘Equilibrant’.
8. Differentiate between particle and rigid body.
9. What is free body diagram?
10. Two forces of magnitude 50 KN and 80 KN are acting on a particle, such that the angle
between the two is 135°. If both the force are acting away from the particle, calculate
the resultant and find its direction.

Objective questions

1. If the resultant of two equal forces has the same magnitude as either of the forces, then
the angle between the two forces is [D]
A. 30°

B. 60°

C. 90°

D. 120°

2. If a number of forces are acting at a point, their resultant will be inclined at an angle θ
with the horizontal, such that [ B]
A. tan θ = ∑H/∑V

B. tan θ = ∑V/∑H

C. tan θ = ∑Vx∑H

D.

3. The above figure shows the two equal forces at right angles acting at a point. The value
of force R acting along their bisector and in opposite direction is [C]

A. P/2

B. 2P

C.

D.
4. The algebraic sum of the resolved parts of a number of forces in a given direction
is equal to the resolved part of their resultant in the same direction. This is known
as [B]
A. principle of independence of forces

B. principle of resolution of forces

C. principle of transmissibility of forces

D. none of these

5. The angle between two forces when the resultant is maximum and minimum
respectively are [B]

A. 0° and 180°

B. 180° and 0°

C. 90° and 180°

D. 90° and 0°
6. The bellow figure shows the three coplanar forces P, Q and R acting at a point O. If
these forces are in equilibrium, then [B]

A) P/sin β = Q/sin α = R/sin ɣ


B) P/sin α = Q/sin β = R/sin ɣ
C) P/sin ɣ = Q/sin α = R/sin β
D) P/sin α = Q/sin ɣ = R/sin β
7. When the forces meet at one point but their line of action will not lie on a single
plane then that system of forces are called [b]
a. Coplanar forces
b. Non coplanar-concurrent forces
c. Collinear forces
d. Planar concurrent forces
8. The unit of force in S.I. units is [b]
(a) kilogram
(b) newton
(c) watt
(d) dyne
9. Forces are called coplanar when all of them acting on body lie in [b]
(a) one point
(b) one plane
(c) different planes
(d) perpendicular planes
10. A force acting on a body may [e]
(a) introduce internal stresses
(b) balance the other forces acting on it
(c) retard its motion
(d) change its motion
(e) all of the above.
11. Forces are called concurrent when their lines of action meet in [a]
(a) one point
(b) two points
(c) plane
(d) perpendicular planes
12. If a number of forces act simultaneously on a particle, it is possible [b]
(a) not a replace them by a single force
(b) to replace them by a single force
(c) to replace them by a single force through C.G.
(d) to replace them by a couple
13. A force is completely defined when we specify [d]
(a) magnitude
(b) direction
(c) point of application
(d) all of the above
14. A number of forces acting at a point will be in equilibrium if [c]
(a) their total sum is zero
(b) two resolved parts in two directions at right angles are equal
(c) sum of resolved parts in any two perpendicular directions are both zero
(d) all of them are inclined equally
15. According to law of triangle of forces [c]
(a) three forces acting at a point will be in equilibrium
(b) three forces acting at a point can be represented by a triangle, each side being
proportional to force
(c) if three forces acting upon a particle are represented in magnitude and direction
by the sides of a triangle, taken in order, they will be in equilibrium
(d) if three forces acting at a point are in equilibrium, each force is proportional to
the sine of the angle between the other two
16. Which of the following is not a scalar quantity [e]
(a) time
(b) mass
(c) volume
(d) density
(e) acceleration.
17. The algebraic sum of the resolved parts of a number of forces in a given direction is
equal to the resolved part of their resultant in the same direction. This is as per the
principle of [e]
(a) forces
(b) independence of forces
(c) dependence of forces
(d) balance of force
(e) resolution of forces.
18. Which of the following is a vector quantity [c]
(a) energy
(b) mass
(c) momentum
(d) angle

19. If a rigid body is in equilibrium under the action of three forces, then [d]
(a) these forces are equal
(b) the lines of action of these forces meet in a point
(c) the lines of action of these forces are parallel
(d) (b) and (c) above

20. According to Lami's theorem [d]


(a) three forces acting at a point will be in equilibrium
(b) three forces acting at a point can be represented by a triangle, each side being
proportional to force
(c) if three forces acting upon a particle are represented in magnitude and
direction by the sides of a triangle, taken in order, they will be in equilibrium
(d) if three forces acting at a point are in equilibrium, each force is proportional to
the sine of the angle between the other two