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Panspermia And The AI Component

By

Ian Beardsley

Copyright © 2018 by Ian Beardsley



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What began as an undertaking to find structure in the physical composition of artificial


intelligence, became the discovery of the connection of the found structure to the structure of
the physical material of biological life. Then, came the discovery of a parallel trend between the
evolution of the two, and ultimately lead to considering pseudo-panspermia, the idea that the
organic molecules that make biological life found their origin not on the planets, but in space,
from where it seeded the planets.

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Early on, about 2007 (Beardsley, Cosmic Archaeology, 2007, ISBN: 978-0-595-47083-9) I
suggested artificial intelligence (AI) should have the golden ratio (PHI) or its conjugate (phi) in its
means geometric arithmetic, and harmonic (by molar mass):


Where Si (silicon) is one of the core semiconductor materials used to make AI circuitry, and P
(phosphorus) and B (boron) are central semiconductor doping agents.

It was not until around 2016 (Beardsley, 2016, The AI Cookbook, ISBN: 978-1-365-15740-0)
that I wrote it like this:

It wasn’t until around 2016 (Beardsley, Artificial Intelligence 2016, ISBN: 978-365-50200-2)
when I noticed that the ratio of the central biological elements (C, N, O, H) to the central AI
elements (Si, P, B) were approximately phi, as well (by molar mass).

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It was at this point that I realized that there was a dynamic connection between artificial
intelligence and biological life which was:

I wrote this as:

Where HNCO is isocyanic acid, the most basic organic compound. I then wrote in the
arithmetic mean:

I then guessed that since there was P/Si + B/Si + 1 there should be Ga/Ge + As/Ge +1 since
Ge (germanium) is a central semiconductor material as well (first generation, Si second), and
gallium (Ga) and Arsenic (As) are central doping agents like P and B. This worked out nice:

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And this was further nice, because around 2017 (Beardsley, AI And The Natural Life Elements,
2017, ISBN: 978-1-387-36728-3) I compared the ratio between the two factors, and found it
was equal to Zn/Se, were ZnSe is zinc selenide, an intrinsic semiconductor and thus a central
feature to AI. It later turned out to be central to further discoveries. Thus I wrote:

Finally allowing the ultimate expression:

It was at this point for which I sought to where I could find the elements for which the equation
worked nearly perfectly, so I could replace the approximately equal to, to an equal to. I got it
right on the first guess. I guessed since recurrent has been the form x/z+y/z+1, as in

P/Si+B/Si+1 and Ga/Ge+As/Ge+1 that it would be of that form. And, I guessed the
components to that form were H2O (water), CH4 (methane), and NH3 (ammonia) because
these mixed together make amino acids, the building blocks of life (MIller-Urey Experiment).

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This was around 2018 (Beardsley, Artificial Intelligence Is Connected to Evolution, 2018, ISBN:
978-1-387-99798-5):

I found in that same year, same book, that the same could be done for first generation
semiconductor material Ge and central doping agents, Ga, and As, except with unity as
opposed with phi. Also using CHNOPS, the most abundant biological elements by mass:


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It was in this work that I made the guess that evolution of AI parallels the evolution of biological
life. I made the guess that primitive computers would have mathematical connections to the
primordial biological life elements. This guess worked on the first try. Since primitive
computers were vacuum tubes with tungsten filaments (W) as the cathodes and were encased
in basically silica (SiO2, or glass), I was happy to see that:

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In my search to find a connection between AI and biological life, around 2016 I developed the
following method to interpret the biological amino acids (Beardsley, AI And The Natural Life
Elements, 2017 ISBN: 978-1-387-36728-3) that are the building block of life:

I processed the 20 amino acids with the above and found that two of them corresponded to
elements and, they nicely were silicon (Si) and carbon (C) precisely the the two elements I
wanted to compare, because they are the core elements of AI and organic life, respectively:


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I suggested in 2018 (Beardsley, Artificial Intelligence Connected To Biological Life, 2018, ISBN:
978-1-387-99798-5) that the dynamic connection between artificial intelligence and biological
life is connected through phi because phi is associated with maximum efficiency, like closest
packing, throughout Nature. I had found, …

By atomic radius. Where PHI is the golden ratio equal to 1/phi. Pi is the ratio of the
circumference of a circle to its diameter. This, I believe occurs because packing is spherical (of
circular symmetry).

I had also found, concerning air, which is a mixture of primarily nitrogen (N2) and oxygen (O2) in
ratios of approximately 75% and 25%, and thus has an accepted molar mass as a mixture of
29.0 g/mol, that:

I like to group the central AI elements into two groups. Si is in group 14 of the periodic table of
the elements, as well as Ge, which is where carbon (C) is as well. This is interesting because as
biological life is carbon based, artificial intelligence is silicon and/or germanium based. That AI
is silicon based was first said in a Star Trek episode. Perhaps first, there, or they may have
been referring to a popular concept in the sciences, when they said that. Boron (B) is in the
group before fourteen (group 13) making it used for making positive type semiconductor
materials. Phosphorus (P) is in the group after silicon (group 15) making it used for making
negative type semiconductor materials. Boron is in a different period in the table than
phosphorus. It is in period 2. Phosphorus is in period 3, the same as silicon. Gallium and
arsenic are in the same period as germanium, but gallium is in the group before germanium (13)
making it for p-type material, and arsenic is in the group after germanium making it for n-type
material. Thus, I like to call P, B, and Si group 1 AI elements, and Ga, As, and Ge, group 2 AI
elements. I have established the connection between these two group as such:

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It is here that we see the suggestion of looking at pseudo panspermia, the idea that the organic
molecules used to make biological life originated in space and became incorporated into the
into the stellar nebulae from which planets formed and seeded the planets for life. So it says
life has its beginnings in space. I think if such a thing is the story, then we might say that life is
not just a process of the Universe, but is the purpose of the Universe, and thus exists
abundantly throughout it. Here, in my work, we see not only a dynamic connection between
artificial intelligence and biological life, but parallel lines of evolution. This is even more clear in
my work Artificial Intelligence Is Connected To Evolution. I may even say here not only do we
understand biological evolution through the study of artificial intelligence, but that the two may
be so intertwined that we can’t speak of one without speaking of the other.

There is considerable data showing organic molecules in the interstellar gas clouds.

1970’s Chandra Wichramasinghe proposed a polymeric composition based on formaldehyde


(CH2O). A molecule is positively ionized by cosmic rays which attracts a nearby neutral
molecule’s electrons.

2008 Analysis of (carbon 12)/(carbon 13) isotopic ratios of organic compounds found in a
meteorite (The Marchison Meteorite) indicates a non-terrestrial origin for the organic molecules
found which are: uracil and xanthine. Uracil being one of the four nucleobases in RNA.

2009 NASA identifies one of the biological amino acids in a comet, glycine.

2011 Scientists reported that cosmic dust contains complex organic matter that could be
created naturally and rapidly by stars.

2012 Astronomers at Copenhagen University reported the detection of the sugar molecule
glycolaldehyde in the protostellar binary IRAS 16293-2422 at a distance of 400 light years.
Glycolaldehyde is needed to form RNA.

2012 NASA reported that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons subjected to interstellar medium
conditions are transformed through hydrogenation, oxygenation, and hydroxylation to more
complex organics, a step towards amino acids and nucleotides, the raw materials of proteins
and DNA.

2013 NASA discovers cyanomethanimine in a gas cloud 25,000 light years distant. It produces
adenine, one of DNA’s four organic bases.

2013 In a simulation experiment it is show dipeptides, pairs of amino acids, can be created in
interstellar dust.

2014 NASA says more than 20% of the carbon in the universe may be associated with
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, the starting materials for the formation of life. That they form
shortly after the Big Bang, are widespread throughout the universe, and are associated with
new stars and exoplanets.

2015 NASA reported complex DNA and RNA compounds, including uracil, cytosine, and
thymine, have been formed in outer space conditions using starting chemicals such as
pyrimidine found in meteorites.

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Central to the emergence of life in the universe is the formation of carbon. Just how do stars
make carbon? It starts from the formation of helium, from hydrogen. Hydrogen was created in
the big bang that gave birth to the Universe. First, there is the proton-proton chain. This where
helium nuclei are created from protons. You start with 4 protons and end up with helium, and
some positrons.

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Once the star produces enough helium, carbon can be made through the triple-alpha process.
But, this reaction is unlikely to occur unless the carbon-12 produced is in an excited state. We
ask can a nucleus be excited if there are no electrons? Is an excited state of carbon possible?
The answer is yes, it was predicted by Fred Hoyle, and is known as the Hoyle-state. It had
been shown to be possible experimentally, but not theoretically until recently when NC State
University physicist Dean Lee and others published the calculation. Here is the abstract:

Ab Initio Calculation Of The Hoyle State

Authors: Dean Lee, North Carolina State University; Evgeny Epelbaum and Hermann Krebs,
Institut fur Theoretische Physik II, Ruhr-Universitat Bocchum, Germany; Ulf-G. Meissner,
Helmholtz-Institut fur Strahlen-und Kernphysik and Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics,
Universitat Bonn, Germany

Published May 9 online and May 13 in print in Physical Review Letters

Abstract:

The Hoyle state plays a crucial role in the helium burning of stars heavier than our sun and in
the production of carbon and other elements necessary for life. This excited state of the
carbon-13 nucleus was postulated by Hoyle as a necessary ingredient for the fusion of three
alpha particles to produce carbon at stellar temperatures. Although the Hoyle state was seen
experimentally more than half a century ago nuclear theorists have not yet uncovered the
nature of this state from first principles. In this letter we report the first ab initio calculation of
the low lying states of carbon-12 using supercomputer lattice simulations and a theoretical
framework know as effective field theory. In addition to the ground state and excited spin-2,
state, we find a resonance at -85(3) MeV with all of the properties of the Hoyle state and in
agreement with the experimentally observed energy.

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In 2018 I suggested since AI has structure connecting primitive AI with primordial precursors to
the amino acids, And AI to amino acids themselves (Beardsley, The Comparison Of Artificial
Intelligence To Biological Life, 2018, ISBN: 978-1-387-92763-0) that since proteins are
synthesized from amino acids by DNA, then the pattern should continue out to DNA. Since the
amino acids found their connection to AI in the recurrent form x/z+y/z+1 in the form of

P/Si+B/Si+1 the connection should be in Ga/Ge+As/Ge+1, which it was:

I also suggested since DNA is made of a phosphate backbone, and since RNA replaces
thymine with uracil, I compared it with thymine and found:

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We remember that ZnSe plays an important role in connecting AI to the biological. I also
presented the finding that the organic component of bone to the mineral component of bone is:

I also looked at the skin of a robot. Since skin would be plastic which C2H4, I found:

And, since gold (Au) and Silvier (Ag) are the best conductors as wires, then, they are the
nervous system of robots. I found,…

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We looked at how stars make carbon, the first step in the formation of biological life. But, from
the carbon, which combined with hydrogen, makes the backbones of organic molecules,
amino acids must be made so that they can be synthesized into proteins. This is achieved in
amino acid synthesis which is the set of biochemical processes, or metabolic pathways, by
which the amino acids are produced from other compounds. Not all organisms are able to
synthesize the 20 amino acids they need. Therefore some must be acquired by diet. These are
the essential amino acids, which are nine: phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan,
methionine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, and histidine. Humans can synthesize the other 11 of
the 20 standard amino acids.

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It would seem that the gene pools are passed through an activation function where their
beneficial mutations are being iterated and reiterated. The end result in the convergence upon
one, or unity,… Cosmic Totality, as Buckminster Fuller would call it:

311.03 Humanity can only evolve toward comic totality, which can in turn only be evolvingly
regenerated through new-born humanity.

This echoes Hinduism, where Sheila Chandra sings that we spiral up and up until we reach the
top, somewhere the circle stops.

I think if I understand the Bagvad Gita, the circle stops, or the final place reached, is Krishna’s
abode.

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What I am saying, is that in a particular system, like the Earth-Sun system, we


don't keep evolving forever. We reach a state of evolutionary perfection for the
given environment. We don't start evolving again, until the environment
changes, because then, we are no longer perfect, like we may become perfect
for the Earth-Sun system, but if we go to the stars, then the environment
changes and we start evolving again until we achieve evolutionary perfection for
those environmental conditions, which one could compare to becoming Arthur
C. Clarke's starchild.

I think the same applies to AI. Just as it evolved from vacuum tubes to the
transistor, it will next evolve to quantum computers using fundamental particles
as opposed to elements and compounds. This may be the arrival for AI at
evolutionary perfection, its own cosmic totality, if it becomes self-aware.

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The Author