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International Journal on Future Revolution in Computer Science & Communication Engineering ISSN: 2454-4248

Volume: 3 Issue: 10 280 – 283


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A Study of Adjustment of Guest Faculty Teachers in Government Schools of


Sirsa District

Dr. Parveen Sharma* 2


Prof. Deepak Mathil
1
Principal, Parveen Sharma Assistant Professor Dept. of Commerce
Principal Guru Nanak Khalsa College Abohar (Punjab)
S.B.S College of Education, Odhan (Haryana) M.No. 09466334900
M.No. 09466091961 E.Mail. - dmcdlu@gmail.com
E.Mail. – parveen00009@gmail.com

Abstract: This concept of adjustment was originally a biological one and was used in Darwin‘s theory of evolution. It means being in harmony
with the environment or being or one with the environment adjustment means adaptation to reality. Adjustment in simple words can be defined
as satisfactory relations of an organism to its environment. Adjustment was regarded as little more than the avoidance of maladjustment but then
became a goal for therapy with the emergence of the humanistic approaches to psychotherapy. Adjustment refers to the individual achieving a
harmonious balance with the demands of both environment and cognition, According to Encyclopedia of psychology- Adjustment is state in
which the needs of the individual on the other hand are fully satisfied. Adjustment is generally the relationship that any organism establishes
with respect to its environment. The term usually refers to social or psychological adjustment and when used in this sense it carries clear
connotation that is adjusted. The implication is that the individual is in a rich, ongoing process of developing, his or her potential, reaction to and
I turn changing the environment in a healthy, effective manner. Mekinney (1949) says a well adjusted individual can meet his needs with the
resources available in his environment. Needs are specially determined by the cultural milieu in which one lives. In evaluation the adjustment we
must consider all the movies, all the habit.

Key Words: Areas of Adjustment, Personal Adjustment, Professional Adjustment, Social Adjustment

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I. INTRODUCTION turn changing the environment in a healthy, effective


This concept of adjustment was originally a biological one manner.
and was used in Darwin‘s theory of evolution. It means
being in harmony with the environment or being or one with II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
the environment adjustment means adaptation to reality. Mekinney (2014) says a well adjusted individual can meet
Adjustment in simple words can be defined as satisfactory his needs with the resources available in his environment.
relations of an organism to its environment. Needs are specially determined by the cultural milieu in
Adjustment was regarded as little more than the avoidance which one lives. In evaluation the adjustment we must
of maladjustment but then became a goal for therapy with consider all the movies, all the habit attitude which are used
the emergence of the humanistic approaches to to satisfy organize social and personal demands i.e. entire
psychotherapy. Adjustment refers to the individual personality is to be considered.
achieving a harmonious balance with the demands of both According to dictionary meaning, ‗‗to adjust means to be fit,
environment and cognition, to make correspondent to adoption to accommodate‘‘
According to Encyclopedia of psychology- Adjustment is Sometimes psychologists like Gates (2015) view that
state in which the needs of the individual on the other hand ‗‗Adjustment is continual process by which a person varies
are fully satisfied. his behaviour to produce a more harmonious relationship
Adjustment is generally the relationship that any organism between himself and his environment.‘‘ The conditions in
establishes with respect to its environment. The term usually the environment are in a continuous chain of change. We
refers to social or psychological adjustment and when used change ourselves in order to fit ourselves in the realm of
in this sense it carries clear connotation that is adjusted. The nature. Thus the process of adjustment is a continuous
implication is that the individual is in a rich, on going process. We try to change or modify our behaviour for
process of developing, his or her potential, reaction to and I bringing a perfect understanding between ourselves and our
environment. For example if an urban girl married to a rural

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IJFRCSCE | October 2017, Available @ http://www.ijfrcsce.org
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International Journal on Future Revolution in Computer Science & Communication Engineering ISSN: 2454-4248
Volume: 3 Issue: 10 280 – 283
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boy and is made to live a village life she has to change her Personally adjusted person is one who has understanding
behaviour, her habits and her way of life for accommodating with others and himself and the response of other to his
herself in the changed circumstances. stimulating factory.
Bhatia and Purohit (2016) consider that adjustment is Professional Adjustment
directly connected with needs and problems of life and Professional adjusted person in one who is able to meet is
refers to the behaviour patterns through which those needs able to meet the demands made upon him by the society and
are satisfied or problems are solved habitually. environment. The individual who is able to adjust himself in
Patil (2016) Adjustment is one of the most important parts the change situation in his environment where he works is
of human life. The process of adjustment starts from the professionally adjusted.
birth of the child and it continues throughout the life. So, Social Adjustment
adjustment is the relationship between and individual and Social adjustment is determined by how adequately the
his environment. individual plays the social role that expected by him and
Kaur Manjeet(2017) Adjustment refers to a harmonious how much personal satisfaction to derives from playing his
relationship between the person and the environment. The role.
degree of harmony is in part dependent on certain
potentialities within the person and in part upon the nature IV. NEED OF THE STUDY
of the environment. Teacher is a key figure in the life of a In the present society unemployment, shifts in structure and
nation. For many reasons, he has a unique place in society. function of society competitiveness, population explosion
The member of no other profession is so intimately involved has given rise to an increasing strain on the individual
in the lives of almost all the people of the community. It is resulting in the problem of adjustment. The quality of nation
so, involved in the task of improving the community, its depends to a larger extent upon its guest faculty teachers.
economical, political social and cultural life as a teacher. Education is a powerful instrument for the social, political,
Rani, Dimpal and Monika (2017) The teacher has not only economic and cultural development of a country and the
to play varied roles in the school and the classroom, but also success of any educational process, to a great extent depend
the teacher should help their students to develop the capacity on the character, ability and personality of a guest faculty
to play different roles in the school and in the larger society teacher. It is the teacher upon who rests the task of
as well. So, the adjustment and the maladjustment of a developing the sense of adjustment among pupils and it can
teacher cast more depending effect on the community and be done successfully only when teacher himself adjusted
the nation. with the environment.
Larson and bruce (2017) Quality of nation depends upon An adjusted guest faculty teacher was have a positive
the quality of teacher. The quality of teacher is judged his attitude towards his profession and was in a position to
work and behaviour which in turn depends upon the degree acquire modern sophisticated and scientific techniques of
of his maladjustment may prove helpful in controlling the teaching and was have a was to learn and subsequent impart
hazards and bringing improvement in the field of education. right type of education to his students. He can bring radical
Oliver and Paull (2017) Adjustment in such a way is a stat changes in the development of a society as a whole. On the
of a person where he tries to keep his needs in the way of other hand, maladjusted guest faculty teacher can be
gratification within the requirement of various situations in incalculable harm to the nation by being partial to his
his environment. But in no way adjustment should be taken students.
as a one way process. An individual tries to keep balance The adjustment of a guest faculty teacher of utmost
between himself and his environment by his personality. importance in the educational processes it is the duty of the
Adjustment of a teacher is vital necessity for the welfare of teacher to train children for life‘s personal, social and
the students and the nation. economic problems. Since the research studied in the field
of adjustment of life are scare, moreover, adjustment is a
III. AREAS OF ADJUSTMENT crucial issue in the present social set up. Hence the study
In the case of an individual should consist of personal as entitled ‗‗personal, professional and social adjustment of the
well as environmental components. These two aspects of teacher working in secondary school‘‘ has been undertaken.
adjustment can be further subdivided inter smaller aspects of
personal and environmental factors. For example, Bell V. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
(1998) has taken five areas or more dimensions in his A STUDY OF ADJUSTMENT OF GUEST FACULTY
adjustment inventory namely home, health, social, TEACHERS IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS OF SIRSA
emotional and occupational. DISTRICT
Personal Adjustment OBJECTIVES
The study is proposed to realize, the following objectives:
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IJFRCSCE | October 2017, Available @ http://www.ijfrcsce.org
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International Journal on Future Revolution in Computer Science & Communication Engineering ISSN: 2454-4248
Volume: 3 Issue: 10 280 – 283
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1.To study the significant difference in adjustment of Arts & 10 Government Sr. Secondary School, Kariwal, Sirsa
Science Guest faculty teachers working in Government The selection of respondent from Urban Government
schools. Secondary School Teachers adjustment of Sirsa district
2.To study the significant difference in adjustment of male Name of School
and female Guest faculty teachers working in Government 1 Government Sr. Secondary School, Kahirpur, Sirsa
schools. 2 Government Boys Sr. Sec. School, Sirsa
3.To study the significant difference in adjustment of rural 3 Government Girls Sr. Sec. School, Sirsa
and urban Guest faculty teachers in Government schools. 4 Model Sr. Skt. School, Sirsa
HYPOTHESES 5 Government Sr. Sec. School, Chattergarhpatti,
1.There is no significant difference between Arts & Science Sirsa
Government Secondary School Guest faculty teachers 6 Model Skt. Sr. Secondary School, Sirsa
adjustment of Sirsa District. 7 Government Sen. Sec. Girls School, Sirsa
2.There is no significant difference between Male & Female 8 Government Sen. Sec. Boys School, Sirsa
Government Secondary School Guest faculty teachers 9 Government Sen. Sec. School, Rania, Sirsa
adjustment of Sirsa District. 10 Government Sen. Sec. School, Rania, Mandi
3.There is no significant difference between Rural & Urban Dabwali
Government Secondary School Guest faculty teachers
adjustment of Sirsa District. MAJOR FINDINGS
TOOL USED I. In hypothesis No. I There exists significant difference,
Mangal's Teachers Adjustment Inventory (MTAI) authored between Science and Arts Guest Faculty of Government
by S.K. Mangal is used to measure adjustment of the Secondary school teachers adjustment because the
teachers. calculated ‗t‘ value is more than standard table value at both
DELIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY level of significance. Further , it is analyzed that the mean
1.The present study is confined to the Government school value of Science Guest Faculty of Government Sec. School
guest faculty teachers. teachers adjustment is more than Arts Guest Faculty Govt.
2.The present study is restricted to 100 Government school Sec. School teachers adjustment. Therefore hypothesis No. I
guest faculty teachers of rural and urban areas. is rejected. Further, it is finally concluded that the Science
3.The study is confined to high school of Sirsa district only. Guest Faculty Government Sec. School teachers have more
4.The study is delimited to Sirsa District only. adjustment as compare to Arts Guest faculty of Government
5.The objectives, hypotheses & statistical techniques is Sec. School teaches.
delimited to this research. 2. In hypothesis II — There exists significant difference,
6.In this research Mangal's Adjustment Inventory is between Male and Female Guest Faculty of Government
delimited. Secondary school teachers adjustment because the
TOOL USED calculated ‗t‘ value is more than standard table value at both
S. K. Mangl‘s teacher adjustment inventory (MTAI) (short level of significance. Further , it is analyzed that the mean
form) was used to measure adjustment of research.. value of Male Guest Faculty of Government Sec. School
SAMPLE teachers adjustment is more than Female Guest Faculty
Table showing the selection of respondents from Rural Govt. Sec. School teachers adjustment. Therefore hypothesis
Government Secondary School teachers adjustment of Sirsa No. II is rejected. Further, it is finally concluded that the
district Male Guest Faculty Government Sec. School teachers have
Serial Number Name of School more adjustment as compare to Female Guest faculty of
1. Government Sr. Secondary School, Vaidwala, Sirsa Government Sec. School teaches.
2. Government Sr. Secondary School, Sikanderpur, 3. In hypothesis No. III — There exists significant
Sirsa difference, between Urban and Rural Guest Faculty of
3. Government Sr. Secondary School, Bajekan, Sirsa Government Secondary school teachers adjustment because
4. Government Sr. Secondary School, Bupp, Sirsa the calculated ‗t‘ value is more than standard table value at
5. Government Sr. Secondary School, Jhiri, Sirsa both level of significance. Further , it is analyzed that the
6 Government Sr. Secondary School, Bajekan, Sirsa mean value of Urban Guest Faculty of Government Sec.
7 Government Sr. Secondary School, Kutabadh, School teachers adjustment is more than Rural Guest
Sirsa Faculty Govt. Sec. School teachers adjustment. Therefore
8 Government Sr. Secondary School, Chattergarh hypothesis No. III is rejected. Further, it is finally concluded
patti, Sirsa that the Urban Guest Faculty Government Sec. School
9 Government Sr. Secondary School, Bani, Sirsa
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IJFRCSCE | October 2017, Available @ http://www.ijfrcsce.org
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International Journal on Future Revolution in Computer Science & Communication Engineering ISSN: 2454-4248
Volume: 3 Issue: 10 280 – 283
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
teachers have more adjustment as compare to Rural Guest [3] Connolly, R. A. (2000). Why do good teachers leave the
faculty of Government Sec. School teaches. profession? What can be done to retain them? Momentum,
31, 55-57. 25.
[4] Cope, B., & Kalantzis, M. (Eds.) (2000). Multiliter acies:
EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY
Literacy learning and the design of social futures.
Education is the process of human enlightenment and
Melbourne: Macmillan26.
empowerment for the achievement of better and higher [5] Curtis, S., & Wright, D. (2001). Retaining employee fast
quality of life , no enrich the flower of lie with scents of track to commitment. Management Research News, 24(8),
cultural heritage and future exploration . one needs a 59–64. 27.
personality , professionally and socially adjusted teacher [6] Darling-Hammond, L. (2003). Keeping good teachers:
because he is the one who manages to draw the naturally [7] DELOITTE, (2004), ―It‘s 2008: Do you know where your
inquisitive minds. The present dissertation was acquaint the talent is? Why acquisition and 29.
readers with the importance of personal, professional and [8] Douglas Ready and Jay Conger, (2007) ―Make Your
Company a Talent Factory,‖ Harvard Business Review,
social adjustment of private High school teachers. The
June 1, 2007. 30.
teacher's efficiency, zest and zeal for working are affected
[9] Echols, M. E. (2007). Learning‘s role in talent
by various factors including adjustment to various areas. A management. Chief Learning Officer, 6(10), 36–40
well adjusted teacher was have a sense of pride, morality, [10] Ed Michaels, Helen Handfield-Jones, Beth Axelrod, The
logic I thinking, concentration of mind and logical reasoning War for Talent (Boston: Harvard Business School Press,
which he can /impact to his pupils. He was self confident, 2001), 29, 11. 34.
free from internal conflicts, tensions or inconsistencies in his [11] Edwards, A. and Mutton, T. (2007) Looking forward:
behaviour. He is able to live effectively with others and has Rethinking professional learning through partnership
insight and understanding of his motive, desires, weakness arrangements in Initial Teacher Education, Oxford Review
of Education, 33(4), 503-519. 35.
and strengths.
[12] Elizabeth Axelrod, Helen Handfield-Jones, and Timothy
The present investigation can help in the development of
Walsh (2001) ―The War for Talent, Part Two,‖ McKinsey
nation which to a large extent depends upon its teachers. Quarterly, Number 2, 2001. 37.
Because only a well adjusted teachers was have a positive [13] Grewal, Harpeeet (2003). "Social Intelligence as
attitude towards his profession and was in positive to Contributively to Teachers Adjustment. M.Ed. Dissertation,
acquire modern and scientific technique of teaching and was Punjab University, Chandigarh.
have a was to learn and subsequently impart education to his [14] Kamdar, N.H. (1988). Adjustment and Job-Satisfaction. An
students in order to cater to their all round development. Analytical Study of School Teachers. Indian Dissertation
Abstract, Vol, XVIII, No. 2 April-June.
[15] Kaur, Lakhwinder (2001). Rigidity Among Teachers and its
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH
impact on their Adjustment, M.Ed. Dissertation, Punjab
1.In this research, I have selected random sample of 100
University, Chandigarh.
primary school & 100 Secondary school teachers which may [16] Kaur, Manjit (2001). "Mental Health in Relation to
be increased. Teachers Adjustment". M.Ed. Dissertation, Punjab
2.1 have selected one District Sirsa of Haryana, another University, Chandigarh.
district may be selected. [17] Mangal S.K. (1989,97). Mangal's Teachers Adjustment
3.1 have selected one variable i.e. Attitude of Teachers Inventory (MTAI) National Psychological Corporation,
towards Inclusive Education, another variable may be taken 4/230, Kacheri Ghat, Agra.
for further study. [18] Why it matters, what leaders can do? Educational
Leadership, 60 (8), 6-13. 28.
4.I have used mean, S.D. ‗t‘ test, ANOVA & ANCOVA
may be used.
5.I have selected sample from School, sample from College,
University may be taken.

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