You are on page 1of 39

community of

N or th Pickering

rouge valley

Durham Strategic Energy Alliance


“putting emerging ideas into practice”
John O’Reilly & Sunna Zubair
Introduction and Site Description

The Seaton site is a tabula rasa in terms of built form, and all the tenets of
a complete community would be required under any development scenario,
as there are no educational institutions, recreational facilities, centres of cul-
tural incubation or commercial hubs within walking distance. A community
of 8,000 residents with an employment base of 10,000 jobs will undoubtably
require resources for families and individuals over the long term.

Situated North of the City of Pickering’s urban limits and West of the
Town of Ajax in the Region of Durham, the Seaton site comprises 360 Ha.
Composed of agricultural landscapes, pastures and meadows, the site is parti-
tioned in several places by streams and their associated buffer zones.

7KH +LJKZD\  FRUULGRU GHÀQHV WKH QRUWKHUQ HGJH RI  WKH VLWH DQG WKH
planned interchange at the Northeast corner will give the site exceptional
transportation access to this key thoroughfare. The style and quality of em-
ployment uses in this zone will shape the future community of rouge valley
and will be crucial to establishing a strong presence in the east GTA market
(Hemson Consulting, 2010).

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INTRODUCTION AND SITE DESCRIPTION | I
Table of Contents

Entry Form 1

Abstract 2

Project Description 3
Project Team 3
$IÀOLDWHV    

'HVLJQ6ROXWLRQ 4
Vision for North Pickering 4
3ODQ2YHUYLHZ    

,QIUDVWUXFWXUHDQG7HFKQRORJ\  6
Energy 6
 (FRORJLFDO   
 7UDQVSRUWDWLRQ   

&RPPXQLW\    17
Energy 17
 (FRORJLFDO   
Economy 22
 6HQVHRI 3ODFH   

5HVRXUFH0DQDJHPHQW   
 (QHUJ\   
 (FRORJLFDO   

+LJK4XDOLW\%XLOW)RUP  27
 /DQG8VH   
 0DVVLQJ   
 2SHQ6SDFH   
Street Hierarchy 31

&RQFOXVLRQ    

References 36

$SSHQGL[
6XSSRUWLQJ'RFXPHQWDWLRQ

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design TABLE OF CONTENTS | II
DSEA Seaton Design Competition Entry Form
Name of University/College: University of Waterloo
Address: 200 University Avenue West
City: Waterloo Province: Ontario Postal Code: N2L 3G1
Phone: 519.888.4567 Fax: 519.884.8009

Team Name: Vivace


Name of Team Leader: John O’Reilly
Address (if different from above): 54 Ahrens St.
City: Kitchener Province: Ontario Postal Code: N2H 4B7
Phone: 226.748.0313
Email: john.patrick.oreilly@gmail.com

Names of Team Members:


1. John O’Reilly
2. Sunna Zubair

Name of Faculty Advisor: Karen Hammond


City: Waterloo Province: Ontario
Phone: 519.888.4567, ext. 33447
Email: khammond@uwaterloo.ca

As the site of one of the largest nuclear power generation facilities in the world,
Pickering is already a major energy hub. In spite of this distinction, nuclear power
is part of an older generation of energy generating technologies viewed with
suspicion thanks to their hazardous or toxic byproducts. The Seaton design chal-
lenge will be crucial in positioning Pickering and the Seaton community on the
vanguard of environmentally sustainable planning. With a focus of energy con-
servation and management in a community context, the area could become a new
paradigm, which other urban communities could emulate. The overall vision is
WRFUHDWHDUHVLOLHQWFRPPXQLW\G\QDPLFZLWKVXVWDLQDEOHÁRZVRI IRRGZDWHU
DQGPRQH\$QRWKHULPSRUWDQWÁRZV\VWHPZLOOEHHQHUJ\DQGDGLVWULFWHQHUJ\
management approach will be central to the design. The urban fabric itself will
be compact, walkable, multi-modal and mixed use. A comprehensive transit in-
frastructure network will mould the urban form into something innately sustain-
able. Existing natural systems will be treated respectfully and integrated within the
design to achieve complementary urban/ecological relationships. Other relation-
ships will also count, like the relationship to the hamlet of Brougham and the
transitions between the site and nearby areas. Furthermore, with access to the 407,
prestige employment uses are going to be pre-eminent on the site and the plan
will accommodate for nearly 8,000 residents and 10,000 jobs. Overall, sensitivity
towards the ecological relationships necessary to achieve sustainability will con-
tribute to a strong sense of place.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design ENTRY FORM | 1
Abstract

The Village of Rouge Valley will rise out of the landscape as a one-of-a-kind North
American settlement. Residents will have all of the necessary technological instruments
and infrastructure to live and practice more responsible resource management within
the broader context of a distinguished community and compact built environment.
7KHFRPPXQLW\·VEORFNSDWWHUQDQGEXLOGLQJLPSULQWVDUHGHÀQHGE\VWUHHWVRIIHULQJD
multitude of transportation opportunities.

The site is divided into four main precincts whose size is based on a 400m walkability
threshold. This gives local residents a choice of any form of transportation to get to
school, to the park or the local market. Buildings will be constructed of locally sourced
materials, including native wood and aggregate from a nearby quarry. In addition to
being of local origin, the landmark community buildings on site, including the library,
theatre & art gallery and elementary school will be built to LEED standards or better,
creating a network of landmarks that demonstrate best practices in building technology.

8VLQJ LQQRYDWLYH GHVLJQ IHDWXUHV OLNH WKH PRQXPHQWDO ÁRZHULQVSLUHG VRODU  DUUD\V
which track the sun across the sky, and smaller scale features like bioswales and weath-
er-activated splashpads, the proposal seeks to create a new kind of urban design, acti-
vated by climate and weather. Through creative interpretation of these energy-driven
phenomena, the plan underscores the centrality of energy to all natural processes, in-
cluding all human activities. The distribution of energy will be sustained on a smart grid
HOHFWULFLW\GLVWULEXWLRQV\VWHPFUHDWLQJDWZRZD\LQIRUPDWLRQÁRZEHWZHHQXVHUVDQG
providers. This offers users a new level of control over, and participation in, energy
demand management. Electrical power generation will come from the point sources of
solar power, windmills along the highway 407 medians and a biogas plans that digests
manure from local farms.

Green spaces will be productive, featuring community gardens for a variety of users.
Green spaces will not be restricted to neighbourhoods either. In one major case, a linear
park will extend in between an open sequence of industrial buildings, merging two dif-
ferent kinds of land use The Village of Rouge Valley will become the new benchmark
in sustainable community design, with a diversity of housing types for different income
levels and mixed use buildings, the community is set to embrace diversity. In economic
and social terms, this diversity will engender resilient communities, strong neighbour-
hoods and a creative workforce.

All told, the community embraces sustainability as a holistic concept that should be
built into the fabric of neighbourhoods and streets and not simply applied to it after
FRQVWUXFWLRQKDVÀQLVKHG

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design ABSTRACT | 2
Project Description

Project Team
John O’Reilly - Team Lead
Candidate for Bachelor of Environmental Studies
Honours Planning - Urban Design Specialization

Sunna Zubair - Team Member


Bachelor of Environmental Studies
Honours Planning - Urban Design Specialization

$IÀOLDWHV
Karen Hammond - Advisor
Lecturer
8QGHUJUDGXDWH2IÀFHU
School of Planning

Geoff Lewis - Critique


Assistant Professor
Environment, Policy and Sustainable Energy
Faculty of Environment

Braden Kurczak, Critique


Division Head, Green Buildings
Enermodal Engineering Ltd.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design PROJECT DESCRIPTION | 3
Design Solution - Vision for North Pickering

Any development planning exercise today exists within a matrix of en-


vironmental, social and economic challenges including:

- Oil supply insecurity and dwindling sources of accessible petroleum


- Lack of will to implement large-scale sustainable energy solutions or
public opposition to large scale projects
&LWLHVDUHQRWVHOIVXIÀFLHQWDQGUHTXLUHODUJHLQÁX[HVRI UHVRXUFHV
from the surrounding landscape
$KHDY\UHOLDQFHRQYHKLFOHVKDVGHJUDGHGDLUTXDOLW\DQGFRQWULEXWHG
to higher rates of obesity
7KHJOREDOHFRQRP\LVSUHVHQWO\XQVWDEOHDQGMREDQGÀQDQFLDOVHFX-
rity are concerns for most citizens

It is with these issues in mind that we approached the Seaton Lands


LQ1RUWK3LFNHULQJ$VDJUHHQÀHOGVLWHODFNLQJDQ\SUHH[LVWLQJXUEDQ
conditions, the Seaton Lands are a monumental opportunity to develop
a community that truly manifests the principles of sustainability and
displays the best aspects of ecologically responsible design.

DESIGN SOLUTION | 4
N
Plan Overview

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design PLAN OVERVIEW| 5
Leading edge Infrastructure and Technology
One can conceive of energy as the primary reason for and driver of, all biologi-
FDOOLIHDQGDOOHFRORJLFDOSURFHVVHV7KLVGHÀQLWLRQHQFRPSDVVHVKXPDQEHLQJV
DQGRXUFLYLOL]DWLRQE\H[WHQVLRQQ(QHUJ\LVSUHVHQWDQGPDQLIHVWLQDOORI RXU
VXUURXQGLQJVLQWKHYLVLEOHIRUPRI VXQOLJKWLQWKHPRWLRQRI ZLQGDQGZHDWKHU
V\VWHPVDQGDVE\SURGXFWVRI SURFHVVHVWKDWWUDQVIHURI HQHUJ\VHWVLQPRWLRQ
WKHPRVWQRWDEOHH[DPSOHEHLQJSHWUROHXP)URPWKLVLQLWLDOUHFRJQLWLRQWKDWHQ-
HUJ\LVDFRPSOH[SKHQRPHQDQRWERXQGHGRUUHVWULFWHGE\WKHFDWHJRULFDOZD\V
WKDWKXPDQVKDUQHVVLWZHKDYHDUULYHGDWDFRPSUHKHQVLYHHFRORJLFDOYLVLRQIRU
LWVXVHDQGPDQDJHPHQWLQWKHFRQWH[WRI WKH6HDWRQ6LWH

Others have been inspired to think of energy in a holistic manner. The three part
HQYLURQPHQWDOUHIUDLQ´UHGXFHUHXVHDQGUHF\FOHµLVDFWXDOO\QRWMXVWDERXWFDQV
cardboard and plastic. Apply it to energy and one necessarily has to consider the
FLW\LQHQWLUHW\WUDQVSRUWDWLRQV\VWHPVUHVRXUFHÁRZVEXLOWIRUPDQGVRXUFHVRI 
HQHUJ\ WKHPVHOYHV 0DWW *UDFH RI  )HUJXVRQ %URZQ 6XVWDLQDELOLW\ ZDV WKLQNLQJ
DORQJWKHVHOLQHVZKHQKHGLVWLOOHGWKHIDPLOLDUWKUHH¶5·V·LQWRDQHZKLHUDUFK\VSH-
FLÀFWRHQHUJ\XVHDQGPDQDJHPHQW .XU]DN $FORVHUORRNDWWKLVKLHUDUFK\
UHYHDOVWKHEDVLVIRUDKROLVWLFVXVWDLQDELOLW\YLVLRQHPEUDFLQJWKHLQWHUZRYHQFRQ-
cepts that create resilient and long-lasting places.

([DPLQLQJWKHQHZHQHUJ\S\UDPLGLQPRUHGHWDLOUHGXFLQJGHPDQGLVWKHÀUVW
SODWIRUPDQGLWUHODWHVWRWKHSUREOHPVWKDWUHVXOWLQH[FHVVLYHRUXQVXVWDLQDEOH
demand for energy.

,QHIÀFLHQWEXLOGLQJHQYHORSHV
6HYHUHO\'LVSHUVHGFLWLHVWKDWWXUQFDUVLQWRDQHFHVVLW\DQGHVFDODWHGHPDQGIRU
WKHZRUOG·VGZLQGOLQJVXSSO\RI SHWUROHXP
$GGLFWLRQWRIRRGVZDVWHIXOO\VKLSSHGIURPWKRXVDQGVRI NLORPHWUHVDZD\

7KHVHFRQGWLHUUHODWHVWREHWWHUXVHRI HQHUJ\LQFOXGLQJEHWWHUPDQDJHPHQWDQG
GLVWULEXWLRQPHWKRGV

7KH ÀQDO WLHU LV EHWWHU HQHUJ\ JHQHUDWLRQ WKH YLVLRQ WKDW MXPSV WR PLQG ZKHQ
PRVWWKLQNRI WKHWHUP¶VXVWDLQDEOHHQHUJ\´

$VVWDWHGDERYHWKLVKLHUDUFK\RI LGHDVOHDGVRQHWRWKLQNDERXWHQHUJ\DQGVXV-
WDLQDEOLOLW\PRUHGHHSO\UHVXOWLQJLQWKHUHDOL]DWLRQWKDWUHVSRQVLEOHHQHUJ\PDQ-
DJHPHQWWHFKQLTXHVEHJLQZLWKLQIUDVWUXFWXUHEHWWHUWHUULWRULDOUHODWLRQVKLSVEH-
WZHHQXVHVDQGEXLOGLQJVZLWKLQFLWLHVPRUHHIÀFLHQWUHVRXUFHÁRZVDQGRQO\
HYHQWXDOO\ZRUNWKHLUZD\XSWRWHFKQRORJLFDOVROXWLRQV

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY| 6
Energy - Solar Panels
$QHPHUJLQJÀHOGLQGHVLJQLVELRPLPLFU\RULPLWDWLQJWKHHOHJDQFHRI QDWX
UDOHYROXWLRQDQGELRORJLFDOVROXWLRQVWRSUREOHPVLQLQQRYDWLYHQHZSURGXFWV
DQGWHFKQRORJLHV7KURXJKWKLVFRQYHUJHQFHRI KXPDQWHFKQRORJLFDOGHVLJQ
solar flowers
rows of
DQGWKHJHQLXVRI QDWXUHDQHZV\PERORJ\HPHUJHVWKDWFUHDWHVDVHQVHRI 
FRQQHFWLRQWRWKHHQYLURQPHQWDQGHQFRXUDJHVUHVSRQVLEOHVWHZDUGVKLS7KH
solar flowers

9LOODJH RI  5RXJH 9DOOH\·V LGHQWLW\ ZLOO EH H[SUHVVHG LQ WKH XVH RI  V\PEROV
UHSUHVHQWLQJSULQFLSOHVRI ELRPLPLFU\,QLPSRUWDQWFLYLFVSDFHVVRODUDUUD\V
LQVSLUHGE\ÁRZHUVDFWDVPRQXPHQWDOSODFHPDNLQJV\PEROVXQIXUOLQJGXU
LQJWKHGD\WLPHWRKDUYHVWHQHUJ\DQGFORVLQJDJDLQDWQLJKW7KHVHVFXOSWXUDO
IHDWXUHVZLOODOVRIXQFWLRQOLNHSODQWVDQGWUHHVE\IXQQHOLQJZDWHUWRZDUGV
WKHLUURRWVGXULQJUDLQVWRUPHYHQWVLQWKLVFDVHWKHURRWVDUHDGULSLUULJDWLRQ
V\VWHP IRU WKH FRPPXQLW\ JDUGHQV EHORZ $ORQJ LPSRUWDQW VWUHHWV LQ FRUH
DUHDVWKLVLGHDLVFDUULHGWKURXJKLQWKHIRUPRI VWUHHWODPSVVLPLODUWRWKRVH
SLFWXUHG EHORZ DJDLQ H[SORULQJ WKH FRQFHSW RI  OLJKW VHQVLWLYLW\ DQG HQHUJ\
KDUYHVWLQJLQDQLQQRYDWLYHPDQQHU

5HVHDUFKLQHDUO\SKDVHVRI WKHSURMHFWGHWHUPLQHGWKDWVRODUHQHUJ\ZDVPRUH
YLDEOHWKDQZLQGSRZHUIRUWKH6HDWRQVLWH6RODUSRWHQWLDOLQWKH3LFNHULQJ
UHJLRQLVHVWLPDWHGDWNZKNZZKLFKLVRQWKHKLJKHUHQGRI WKH
VRODUSRWHQWLDOVFDOH 1DWXUDO5HVRXUFHV&DQDGD 

Solar Flower Lamp Post - Solar powered lamp posts are part of a framework of symbols that
respond to changes in the environment.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 71
Solar Potential in Canada

Insert Text

Wind speeds are not optimal for large scale wind distribution - Technologies like solar lamp posts and solar flowers can
be employed in ways that create educational opportunities and make sustainability a joyful experience. A small children’s
waterworks and splashpad that pumps ground water and activates in response to wind and solar energy is also proposed as
a unique means way of creating spontaneous fun.
COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 8
Energy - Wind Turbines

The use of these solar generation technologies is just one of the ways the
site will actually be a very responsive environment. One emerging technol-
RJ\LVLQVSLUHGE\WKHPRYHPHQWRI VFKRROVRI ÀVK,QZDWHUÀVKFUHDWHWLQ\
YRUWLFHVZKLFKLQODUJHJURXSVDUHWUDQVIHUUHGEHWZHHQLQGLYLGXDOVWRPD[L-
PL]H VZLPPLQJ HIÀFLHQFLHV 7KH JURXS RI  ZLQG WXUELQHV SLFWXUHG LV EHLQJ
developed to mimic this natural phenomenon. By placing an array of these
YHUWLFDOWXUELQHVLQWKHPHGLDQEHWZHHQHDFKKDOI RI KLJKZD\WKHFRP-
munity would be taking advantage of an abundant source of untapped wind
potential- a by product of the community’s future status as an important
employment hub along the 407. This also represents a creative way of mak-
LQJXQXVDEOHVSDFHSURGXFWLYHDQGJHQHUDWLQJEHQHÀWVIURPWKHQXPEHURI 
cars on the roads. This system of turbines could conceivably harness wind
IRUHOHFWULFVWUHHWFDUVDQGSXEOLFWUDQVSRUWDWLRQDFRQFHSWWKDWKDVEHHQSUR-
SRVHGE\VRPHLQQRYDWLYHLQGXVWULDOGHVLJQHUV &DYDQDXJK 

Wind Turbine Array: An unique example of Median Wind Turbin: Embedding turbines into highway medians could provide a rich
bio-mimicry, this turbine array could more ef- source of free energy to the Seaton community
ficiently harness native winds and winds gener-
ated by highway traffic

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 9
Energy - Smart Grid
The smart grid refers to a group of related technologies applied to a traditional electricity supply
and distribution system. The smart grid promises to unite traditional electrical distribution with
digital information, enabling techniques like load levelling, a term that refers to a preference for
running clean power generators like nuclear plants over other source on standby, like coal. The
smart grid proposes a two-way, rather than one-way stream of information- communicating data
to the users creating the demand and informing them of the possibility that standby generators
will come online during peak periods if demand is not reduced. (Energy Future Coalition, 2010)

Not only does the smart grid offer a better alternative for the consumer, but it also enables other
generators to plug into the grid (Deloitte, 2010), resulting in a kind of democratization of supply.

Because the Seaton Lands are undeveloped, smart grid infrastructure can be built into the com-
munity, enabling local power generation, neighbourhood energy demand management and a new
paradigm in consumer participation. This is an essential component of the design vision, because
solar harvesters are distributed throughout the site and are intended to generate power for some
EXLOGLQJVLQWKHFRPPXQLW\,WLVDOVRLPSRUWDQWIRUUHVLGHQWVWREHDEOHWRUHWURÀWWKHLUKRPHV
with alternative energy technologies and supply electricity back to the grid.

The smart grid is a new means of individuals and even entire neighbourhoods to monitor and self-manage energy consumption.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 10
Ecological - Bioswales

Bioswales are a tool used in stormwater management to prevent the direct


LQÀOWUDWLRQRI FRQWDPLQDQWVLQWRORFDOJURXQGZDWHUVRXUFHVDQGWRSURPRWH
KHDOWK\JURXQGZDWHUUHFKDUJH%LRVZDOHVW\SLFDOO\FRQVLVWRI DVKDOORZJUDGHG
OLQHDUFKDQQHOZLWKGHHSURRWHGSODQWVXVXDOO\UHHGVRUJUDVVHV$WUHHLVRIWHQ
included in the design to shade the swale and minimize rapid evaporation
RI SRROHGVWRUPZDWHU%HORZWKHYHJHWDWHGOD\HULVDNLQGRI VRLOÀOWHUZLWK
DVDQGOD\HU 86$UP\&RUSVRI (QJLQHHUV 7KHGRPLQDQWW\SHRI 
YHJHWDWLRQ XVHG GHSHQGV RQ WKH W\SHV RI  SROOXWDQWV WKH VZDOH ZLOO UHFHLYH
Bioswales should be distributed along major roadways in the Durham-Seaton
6LWHPLWLJDWLQJVWRUPZDWHUUXQRII LQPDMRUUDLQVWRUPHYHQWVDQGSURYLGLQJD
natural solution to tradtionally over-engineered systems. Reed-grass, optimal
IRUWUDSSLQJWRWDOVXVSHQGHGVROLGVDQGSUHYHQWLQJHURVLRQDQGZDWHUSXUODQH
ZKLFKLVHIIHFWLYHDWÀOWHULQJDQGVWRULQJWR[LQVDUHERWKUHFRPPHQGHG 3KLO-
OLSV/ 

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 11
Ecological - District Heating

District Heating is a system whereby a Combined Heat & Power station gen-
erates power locally, while channeling what would ordinarily be wasted heat
to nearby buildings through underground pipes. The cycle acts as a closed
IHHGEDFNV\VWHPZLWKLPSURYHGHIÀFLHQF\DQGPLQLPL]HGKHDWORVV,QFRQ-
junction with the proposed bio-gas plant at the South-West corner of the
site, the design team proposes a combined heat and power station to provide
power to the community and direct waste heat to the post-secondary insti-
tute at Highway 7 & Brock Road. District energy is used in 330 campuses
across the United States, and should be considered essential to the design of
WKH6HDWRQSRVWVHFRQGDU\LQVWLWXWH (QYLURQPHQW (QHUJ\6WXG\,QVWLWXWH
2010). Waste heat is also proposed to heat greenhouses on the top of heat-
producing facilities in the winter time. This is an effective way of enhancing
WKHVHOIVXIÀFLHQF\RI WKH6HDWRQ/DQGVGXULQJWKHZLQWHUPRQWKV

District energy is used at Cornell University in the United States

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 12
Ecological - Green Roofs

Green roofs are both an ancient and modern building technique where the
roof of a building is completely or partially covered by vegetation. They have
DYDULHW\RI ZLGHO\NQRZQEHQHÀWVLQFOXGLQJDEVRUELQJUDLQZDWHUDQGUHGXF-
LQJ UXQRII JHQHUDWLQJ PLFURKDELWDWV IRU ZLOGOLIH DQG VLJQLÀFDQWO\ UHGXFLQJ
air temperatures immediately above the roof surface, mitigating the urban
heat island effect. Green Roofs are generally encouraged across the Durham
Seaton Site and should be promoted by means of a development charge ex-
emption covering a percentage of the cost of a green roof, or through mu-
nicipal grants. Civic buildings on site will be required to have green roofs.
Green roofs can contain a variety of
plant species

LEED
building

living
building

green roofs

green
neighborhood

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 13
Ecological - Living Green Build-
The Living Building Standard is a new type of standard in building
design that reaches deeper and further than the parameter’s of LEED.
The Living Building Challenge 2.0 rests on the ambitious premise of
removing barriers to “systemic change” and creating a built environ-
ment in harmony with the natural environment (International Living
Building Institute, 2010). The Living Building Challenge is not a corpo-
rate or industry building standard, but rather embarks from an urgent
environmentalist position to a comprehensive and deep sustainability
framework in the form of “imperatives”. There are categories for most
building typologies, including neighbourhoods and the acknowledge-
ment that different standards apply to differing living conditions.

Among the noble objectives of the challenge are the imperatives for
sourcing local materials and ensuring a democratic conception of the
environment the building is situated in. The living Building standard
sets up the stringent mandate that buildings to have net zero energy im-
pact and a net zero water impact. Most interestingly, the Living Build-
ing Challenge mandates the attempt to create beauty as one of the
pillars of design.(International Living Building Institute, 2010)

The library on site will attempt to achieve the Living Building Standard,
with the intention of creating an example in the context of ongoing
site development and community building. The library is situated on a
high point of the site and at the convergence of two main axis and as
such should function as an important landmark.

Ecological - LEED Structures


LEED is a more accessible and industry friendly standard than the Living
Building Challenge and can be more widely applied throughout the site. Ten
buildings on site are intended to achieve a LEED rating. These mostly public
buildings will form a system of landmarks intended as accessible examples of
environmentally friendly design. LEED operates as a set of standards which
builders can follow to acquire points, and eventually a rating based on the ac-
cumulated number of points. The points system covers everything from con-
struction techniques to siting to stormwater management and landscaping.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 14
Transportation

Multimodal station central to site


The site’s transit station is located at the convergence of the Brock Road and
a new arterial street bypassing the village of Brougham and terminating at the
planned Highway interchange. The transit station serves as a hub for public
transportation, but would also include secure bicycle parking with access tied
to the fare system to accommodate cyclists/transit users. Situated across from
WKHPDMRUSXEOLFVTXDUHZKLFKLVLWVHOI ÁDQNHGE\WKHDUWJDOOHU\WKHDWUHDQG
farmer’s market, the transit station is at a strategic point on the site. It would
also feature connections to Downtown Pickering and the GO station via a
shuttle bus.

Bus system
7KHEXVV\VWHPUXQVLQDPRGLÀHGÀJXUHSDWWHUQDURXQGWKHVLWHOLQNLQJ
the four main districts together. Special consideration was given to connect
ing residential and employment zones and using the bus system to unify the
IRXUGLVWLQFWDUHDV7KHXOWLPDWHJRDOIRUWKHSRVWEXLOGRXWVFHQDULRLVWRKDYH
the bus lines converted to streetcar lines and the permanent infrastructure of
light rail transit emplaced.

bus route

internal service

highway corridor

bus stop

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 15
Community Garden in front of School: The public park in front of the school is a tapestry of surfaces, including community gar-
dens and recreational space and punctuated with the colourful solar flowers, adding liveliness to the scene

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design INFRASTRUCTURE AND TECHNOLOGY | 16
Resilient Neighbourhoods

Solutions for a viable long lasting sustainable development not only rely on
technological or green features, but require the efforts and work of the com-
munity without a cloak or ‘impressions’ of achieving sustainability.

Oft times when looking at the broad picture of achieving sustainability, we


can not see the micro-scale measures taken to attain it. Every little action an
individual takes results in an accumulated longer term difference. In order
to achieve a sustainable community, individuals residing and working in the
Community of Rouge Valley will act as vicegerents of the land. By taking
ownership to the land, the quality of the public realm be elevated.

Energy - Energy Star

Energy Star is a rating system applied to appliances and homes. Energy Star
TXDOLÀHGKRPHVXVHOHVVHQHUJ\WKDQWKH,QWHUQDWLRQDO5HVLGHQWLDO
Code and incorporate such features as quality insulation, high performing
ZLQGRZV WLJKWHU FRQVWUXFWLRQ HQHUJ\HIÀFLHQW FRROLQJ  OLJKWLQJ V\VWHPV
DQGHQHUJ\VWDUTXDOLÀHGDSSOLDQFHV (QHUJ\6WDU (QHUJ\6WDUVKRXOG
be considered the minimum standard applied to all new buildings to achieve
PRUHHQHUJ\HIÀFLHQWEXLOGLQJHQYHORSHV

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design COMMUNITY | 17
Ecological - Community Gardens
Community gardens build close relationships between residents with a shared
interest in food production and cultivation. Being a kind of fundamental ac-
tivity and a heritage land use, the design provides numerous spaces on the site
where community gardening can take place. One of these areas will be the
park in front of the proposed elementary school, which will have a mixture
of patches, some managed by a proposed local housing cooperative and some
GHGLFDWHGWRGLVSOD\FURSV7KHVRODUÁRZHUVRQWKLVODQGZLOOIXQQHOZDWHULQWR
an underground drip irrigation system to be used on hot dry summer days.
The strategic placement of these community gardens allows children from
WKHQHDUE\VFKRROWRH[SHULHQFHJDUGHQLQJÀUVWKDQGDQGEXLOGPHQWDOFRQ-
nections between town and country, local food production and sustainability.
Community gardens are part of the broader strategy to create a responsive
and interactive natural environment offering local residents opportunities to
engage with their surroundings, and see the unique local qualities of regional
climate and soil.

Ecological - Vegetation
The Seaton lands were formerly dominated by forest cover, with a notable
population of white pines. Following European colonization, the land was
cleared and intensively farmed, resulting in habitat fragmentation across the
landscape (Toronto & Region Conservation, 2002) It was reforested with co-
niferous trees in relatively recent times to halt continued soil erosion. The
Seaton Lands are considered part of Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Mixed Forest
Zone, which has the following dominant tree species:

-Sugar Maple
-American Beech
-White Pine
-Eastern Hemlock

A landscaping scheme for the site should mandate that native vegetation be
used throughout the site to re-enforce the relationship between climate and
local vegetation. White pine was widely used by European settlers in colonial
times as a building material in both interiors and exteriors. An urban forestry
plan will provide for a mixed plantation with wood being distributed to local
workshops or builders for use in local construction projects.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design COMMUNITY | 18
Ecological - Urban Forestry

Trees should not only be seen as a objects of aesthetic appeal in urban envi-
ronnments, but rather as a crucial part of urban infrastructure. Areas found
in the City of Toronto have Policy Statements enforcing by-laws to protect
private and public lands that hold social, economic and environmental ben-
HÀWV7KH\DUHPHDQVRI SURWHFWLQJWKH&LW\·VQDWXUDOKHULWDJH

By recognizing the importance of urban forestry in the Community of Rouge


Valley and its current natural realm, communities can be encouraged to pro-
tect and take on responsible restoration and management of a thriving natural
heritage system.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design COMMUNITY | 19
Ecological - Pathways

7KHURDGQHWZRUNIRXQGRQWKH6HDWRQODQGDFWVDVDÀQHO\JUDLQHGQHWZRUN
RI FRQQHFWLRQVKRZHYHUWKHYDULRXVSHGHVWULDQSDWKVIURPWKHVWUHDPVLWH
ERDUGZDONVWRWKHSHGHVWULDQRQO\VWUHHWVFRQQHFWLQJWKHFHQWUDOFLYLFFHQ-
WHUWRWKHOLEUDU\VLJQLÀFDQWO\LQFUHDVHWKHSHGHVWULDQFRQQHFWLYLW\RQWKHVLWH
ZKLOHUHPLQGLQJLQGLYLGXDOVRI WKHVLJQLÀFDQWUHODWLRQVKLSWKDWWKHFRPPX-
QLW\PDLQWDLQVZLWKWKHQDWXUDOUHDOP

Ecological - Building Design

Buildings on the site are primarily brick, since it requires less energy to manu-
facture than glass. Buildings should have an open and welcoming posture
WRZDUGVWKHVWUHHWRIIHULQJSHGHVWULDQVDÀQHJUDLQRI YLVXDOGHWDLODQGRS-
portunities for engagement. The design team has illustrated a number of
buildings in greater detail including the library, theatre, farmers marker and
school. Especially in the case of the library and art gallery/theatre, a tradi-
tional western architectural typology is welded to a playful style of modern-
ism in coloured glass. This is intended to symbolize the union of something
serious and noble with something pleasurable- in the case of the Seaton lands
this translates to living sustainably and actually enjoying it.Sustainable living
shouldn’t be painful.

The vision for the Community of Rouge Valley supports the notion of devel-
oping a strong and consistently high quality built context within which discrete
innovations and experimentations in the building arts can occur. While all build-
LQJVZLOOEHFRQVWUXFWHGWRKLJKHUVWDQGDUGVRI HIÀFLHQF\VRPHZLOOUDGLFDOO\
improve upon this and will adopt new and experimental forms responding to
the unique needs of site and climate. Several neighbourhoods are designated as
“green neighbourhoods” these neighbourhoods are designed to a boundary-
SXVKLQJOHYHORI HIÀFLHQF\DQGLQQRYDWLRQRIIHULQJLQFRPLQJUHVLGHQWVWKH
choice between more conventional housing forms and something truly unique.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design COMMUNITY | 20
Ecological - Circulation

The community proposed is designed to be accessible. Whether it be through the use of vehicle, transport or
foot, there is an ease of movement.

:LWKDPXOWLPRGDOVWDWLRQIRXQGQHDUWKHDUWJDOOHU\DQGFHQWUDOWRWKHVLWHRQ%URFNDVSHFLÀFURXWHV\VWHPLV
put in place to service the site internally. Not only is there a direct service that reaches every corner of the site,
but there would be direct access to bus routes leading off site to connect to other parts of Pickering.

Generally, with the provision of clear bike paths along major arterial streets, the site itself is enclosed by an 800
m radius radiating from the middle of the site. This quality, along with extensive pedestrian path networks en-
ables individuals to reach main amenities with ease..

pedestrian

bike

400 & 800 m


pedestrian shed

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design COMMUNITY | 21
Economy

The businesses that ultimately choose to build their offices along Highway 407 on the Seaton site will
determine the economic direction for the Community of Rouge Valley, but the community will also
have an important role in attracting these employers and their employees. Based on the official plan
designations of many of the parcels framing the highway, residents might expect to see a mixture of
the following uses develop over time:

- Light Manufacturing,
- Assembly and processing of goods,
- Light service industries,
- Research and development facilities,
- Offices,
- Corporate office business parks,
- Community, cultural and limited personal service uses

To support the mixture of jobs that will be available on site and the mixture of incomes that
these jobs will offer to residents, it will be important to ensure a mixture of tenured housing
and to mandate the provision of some affordable housing in larger housing projects. It would
be self-defeating for a sustainable community to shape itself into an eco enclave catering only
to wealthy white collar service sector employees.

Institution
Both the Pickering Official Plan and the Central Pickering Development Plan mention the
prospect of a university or college campus being situated on or very near the site. The exact
nature of the institution would evolve through time, but specific programs would relate to the
types of industries envisioned for the employment lands along highway 407. The institution
should also feature a vocational and trades school to balance the need for these skills.

Theatre
The Durham West Arts Centre organization administers and promotes exhibitions and visual
arts events throughout Pickering & Ajax. Their only permanent gallery space is a room in the
150- year old Greenwood Library branch. Because Pickering and Ajax currently lack a major
public art gallery, the Durham West Arts Centre has established a Foundation for the purpose
of eventually financing, designing and building a performing and visual arts centre. The de-
sign team proposes that a centre be situated on the Seaton site, establishing the community as
an important destination in West Durham. (Durham West Arts Centre, 2010).

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design COMMUNITY | 22
Sense of Place
School
Using Pickering’s population of 92,813 as a base,Pickering’s ratio of elementary schools to
population is approximately 4,000 residents/1 elementary school (City of Pickering Planning
& Development, 2008). Based on this figure, the Seaton site requires at least one elementary
school., proposed for the South East District. The school is sited strategically at the centre of
the site and should host and accommodate a diversity of programmatic community func-
tions.

Library
The City of Pickering maintains 5 public library branches throughout the City. The closest
branch to the Seaton site is the Greenwood branch, located 5.2 km from the site. The build-
ing is small however, and could not serve both the community of Greenwood and the Seaton
Community at full build-out. The Seaton Community will therefore be provided with its own
landmark library branch.

Street Treatment
Streets are organized around a hierarchy of users and their needs. As a primarily pedestrian
oriented envoronment, sidewalks will feature shallow angled curb cuts to eliminate the harsh
delineation of where the sidewalk ends and the street begins. Freedom of pedestrian move-
ment is a dominant theme, but also user interactivity. The streets are framed by bioswales
recessed into the wide sidewalks. Street lamps along key axis will unfurl during the daytime
to collect solar energy and close at night to illuminate the streetscape (Royal Phillips Elec-
tronics, 2010).

Streets are also envisioned as spaces activated


by natural processes, even rain. The storm water
management system at the University of Ontario low-density
residential

medium-density
residential

Institute of Technology, designed by landscape high-density


residential

mixed-use
office residential

architect John Hillier of Toronto firm DTAH, mixed-use


retail commercial

mixed-use

deploys scuppers embedded in weir walls to cre-


live-work

office

ate cascades and streams of runoff, resulting in


civic

institutional

unexpectedly joyful displays (Hillier, 2007)


industrial

public open
space

Proposed Road Netowrk

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design COMMUNITY | 23
The library as an example of a living building mixes classical components and modernist glass forms. It is embellished by a green roof
that extends over the edges to meet the pediment line. A public square featuring solar flowers is adjacent

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design COMMUNITY | 24
Responsible Resource Management - Energy

Biogas
The concept of waste and garbage is a uniquely human idea because
in nature, there are essentially no waste products and every kind of
biological material is a resource for one kind of organism or another.
Using this principle as a launching point, we propose a biogas plant for
the Seaton Lands, which would be a set of anaerobic digesters treating
animal manures, green waste, plant material and even sewage as the raw
materials from which fuel for gas powered stoves, or heat engines could
be extracted and used for heating or power generation or even automo-
tive fuel (Baldwin, 2008). Because dairy represents about 20% of the
agriculture industry in Durham (Planscape, 2003) sources of manure
and fuel are abundant.

Responsible Resource Management - Ecological


Farmer’s Market
A key component of our vision for intelligent and sustainable resource
management is enforcing the connection between the Community of
Rouge Valley and the broader agricultural context it is part of. The close
proximity of farmland means an abundance of local food sources and
the design team intends to bring this to the heart of the site, with a
market opening up onto to public square during its days of operation.
The farmers market acts as a valuable community asset where relation-
ships can form around the shared ritual of gathering food. This also
opens up the site to a trend of smaller farming operations increasing in
number to take advantage of nearby urban markets (Planscape, 2003).

Aggregate Sourcing

An important and often overlooked input to the process of building


neighbourhoods is aggregate. The Seaton Lands are fortunate to be
situated very close to a vein of aggregate, or ”High potential Aggregate
5HVRXUFH$UHDµDFFRUGLQJWKHWKH'XUKDP5HJLRQDO2IÀFLDO3ODQ,Q
preparation for building the community of Rouge Valley, a pit approval
should be expedited and the pit then used as the principle source for
aggregate resources in the new community.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design RESPONSIBLE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | 25
The farmers market at right, opens onto the square and defines the space in conjunction with the art gallery/theatre. The square is
enclosed vertically by solar harvesters. An infinity reflecting pool and sculpture at the centre converts to a skating rink in the winter
time for multi seasonal functionality.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design RESPONSIBLE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | 26
High Quality Built Form - Built Form

The built form of the site consists both of structures and includes the space,
use and overall orientation.

Built Form
The built form found on the site varies in size, shape and orientation. Over-
all, blocks were designed on the basis of connectivity, walkability and the
preservation of the natural realm. Major arterial roads run straight through
the site for clear connections to the rest of Pickering. By doing so, not only
is there movement to, and through the site, but the Community of Rouge
Valley will create a distinct character through its built form. Brock Road will
extend northward past the 407 to keep a strong connection. With future de-
velopment underway, such as the proposed airport, connections such as this
will be vital.

The diversity of spaces, from the major Brock Road corridor, to the serene
paths or residential neighborhoods create options. Centrally to the site there
is a diverse economic and cultural life that has multiple aspects such as rec-
reation and leisure, whereas areas such as the eastern side of the site support
calm neighborhoods and space around an educational center.

Overall, the block patterns and spaces in between possess clear signs of conti-
nuity and enclosure. Apart from the evident public paths and pockets of civic
space, internal communal spaces between structures and surrounding space is
used and purposeful. This built form is structured to best preserve, and take
advantage of the natural realm.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design HIGH QUALITY BUILT FORM | 27
Land Use low-density
residential

medium-density
residential

high-density
residential

mixed-use
office residential

mixed-use
retail commercial

mixed-use
live-work

office

civic

institutional

industrial

public open
space

The Community of Rouge Valley is an all encompassing holistic community. From strictly residential units in varying forms and densities to mixed-use units, the ma-
jority of the daily needs of the community can be found within a short proximity of the point of origin.

Acting as an entrance onto the site, the proposal of a post-secondary institute sets the stage for the Urban Village.

Looking at the residential classification, the majority of the low to high density units can be found in the South east and north east areas of the site. Central to them
is the higher densities with pockets of retail uses, and in particular, the institutional elementary and junior high school. Although surrounded by an array of natural
greenery. High density residential units can also be found centrally to the site by the civic uses. This is due to the proposition of a multi-modal station centrally to the
site which would allow residents to be directly in the center of civic activity.

Generally, the variation of uses is primarily found along major arterial roads, from retail and commercial uses along streets to residential units behind. This is to en-
hance the pedestrian experience. Moving northward closer to the 407, there is the increase of heavy employment structures and mixed unit structures. This is primarily
based on the walk ability index from the civic core of the site.

Pockets of public green space can be found throughout the site. Although the orientation of the site takes advantage of the natural realm, from pedestrian pathways to
urban forestry, the public spaces tie together the built form with the social and environmental realm.
COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design HIGH QUALITY BUILT FORM | 28
Massing 1-2 storey

3-4 storey

5+ storey

The built form for the Community of Rouge Valley is a succession of massing. Centrally to the site, located around the multi-modal station, the high-
est forms of density can be found, however set back from the street to avoid monolithic appearances. This preservation of the pedestrian experience
is evident along the main arterial roads on the site. Lined with retail and commercial uses, or similar designations, higher or medium densities can be
found beyond.

In the residential space on the east side of the site, the medium-high dense structures break off with the proposed elementary and junior high to fade
into the 2-storey townhouses.

North to the site along Highway 407, the large mixed-use employment structures are multi-storied.

Overall, higher buildings were located in specific areas to take advantage of the bus system put in place, take advantage of views, or generally increase
the aesthetic appeal of the site.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design HIGH QUALITY BUILT FORM | 29
conservation area

Open Space environmental


sensative area

woods

urban forestry

public
open space

stream &
water bodies

North Pickering consists of an array of open space and natural systems. Bringing the community back to the natural realm encourages the essential
understanding that we are vicegerents of the environment and must preserve what we have for ourselves and future generations. The current green
network within North Pickering contains woodlots, agriculture and various pockets of environmentally sustainable lands. With flowing streams run-
ning throughout the expanse, the proposed Community of Rouge Valley is formed to bring have a lower negative impact on the natural realm.

By doing so, the community is encompassed within a system of forests and natural space. The given design further enhances this impression by
proposing concepts, such as urban forestry, to bring these ideas of naturalism even further into the community. Fingers of natural interactive space is
brought between the community and the the foot steps of offices and residential homes. The hard-scape of roads and blocks are limited in compari-
son to greenery found on the site which brings a true sense of place to the site. Future generations will reap what we sow.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design HIGH QUALITY BUILT FORM | 30
Collector

Arterial

Street Hierarchy Local

One-way

Service

Pedestrian

The streets are laid out to enhance connectivity. Central to the site, the Brock Street arterial connects to the rest of Pickering. Major arterial roads run
through the site splitting it further into its various districts. Local roads connect back to these arterial roads to form the boundaries of community.

The individual road treatments are used to take advantage of the placement and uses found on the streets.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design HIGH QUALITY BUILT FORM | 32
Brock Street Section

Major Arterial Section

Residential Sections

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design HIGH QUALITY BUILT FORM | 33
Art Gallery Along Brock Street: This design for an art gallery and theatre welds a stable and dignified classical wing to a playful
volume of coloured glass that functions as an urban mosaic and an important landmark. The farmers market can be seen in the
distance.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design HIGH QUALITY BUILT FORM | 34
Conclusion

Organized around the core themes of Leading Edge Technology & Infra-
structure, Resilient Neighbourhoods, High Quality Built Form and Respon-
sible Resource Management the design for the new community of Rouge
Valley explores the theme of energy as a determinate of urban form and
DV D URRWHG FRQFHSW DQFKRUHG LQ WKH HFRORJ\ RI  SODFH 7KH VSHFLÀF GHVLJQ
solutions proposed are intended to create a strong framework of ideas and
principles to structure development far into the future. The design vision is
founded both on time-proven theories and emerging ideas, creating a stable
form that pushes boundaries in surprising ways.

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design CONCLUSION | 35
Conclusion

Baldwin, John. (2008) Bio-methane fuelled vehicles. Retrieved September 7,


2010 from
http://www.claverton-energy.com/bio-methane-fuelled-vehicles-john-bald-
win-cng- services.html

Cavanaugh, R. (2007) The New Jersey Barrier. Retrieved September 18, 2010
from:
http://www.metropolismag.com/story/20070110/the-new-i-jersey-barrier

Deloitte Co. (2010). Making Every Electron Count: the rise of the SmartGrid.
Retrieved September 10, 2010 from: http://www.deloitte.co.uk/TMTPredic-
WLRQVWHFKQRORJ\6PDUW*ULGHOHFWULFLW\JULGHIÀFLHQF\FIP

Durham West Arts Centre. (2010) Durham West Arts Centre Foundation.
City of Pickering: Author. Retrieved August 3, 2010 from: http://dwacfoun-
dation.ca/index.html

Energy Future Coalition (2010) 21st Century Grid Modernization. Retrieved


6HSWHPEHUIURPKWWSZZZHQHUJ\IXWXUHFRDOLWLRQRUJÀOHVZHE-
fmuploads/Transmission%20Docs/PNL%2021st%20Century%20Grid%20
Modernization.pdf

Energy Star. (2010). Energy Star for the New Home Industry. Retrieved Sep-
tember 12, 2010 from: http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=bldrs_lend-
ers_raters.pt_bldr

Environment & Energy Study Institute. (2010) The Role of District Energy/
Combined Heat and Power in Energy and Climate Policy Solutions. Retrieved
September 20, 2010 from: http://www.eesi.org/role-district-energycom-
bined-heat-and-power-energy-and-climate-policy-solutions-21-apr-2009

Hilier, J. (2007) Personal Correspndance.

International Living Building Institute (2010) The Living Building Challenge


2.0. Retrieved

COMMUNITY OF ROUGE VALLEY: North Pickering | September 2010 | Vivace Design REFERENCES | 36
Appendix:
Supporting Documentation