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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Number Title Number Number

8-2 General .......................................................................................... 8-00-00 3

8-3 Terminology ................................................................................... 8-00-00 3

LEVELING

8-4A Leveling With the Use of a Level ................................................... 8-00-00 5

8-5 Weighing Procedure ...................................................................... 8-00-00 6A

8-6 Preparation Of The Helicopter For Weighing............................ 8-00-00 6A

8-7 Weighing................................................................................... 8-00-00 6A

8-8 Calculations ................................................................................... 8-00-00 7

8-9 Calculating As-weighed Center of Gravity ................................ 8-00-00 7

8-10 Calculating Initial Weight Empty and Center of Gravity ............ 8-00-00 7

8-11 Computing an Actual Weight Record — Examples .................. 8-00-00 8

8-12 Calculating Final Weight Empty Center of Gravity.................... 8-00-00 8

8-13 Use of the weight empty center of gravity limits................ 8-00-00 8

8-14 Use of the gross weight flight limits................................... 8-00-00 14

8-15 Sample Weight Procedure........................................................ 8-00-00 24

8-16 Calculating the Laterial Center of Gravity ................................. 8-00-00 24

8-17 Installation of Ballast ...................................................................... 8-00-00 24

8-18 Model 407 Kit Weights.............................................................. 8-00-00 28

FIGURES

Figure Page

Number Title Number

8-1 Leveling............................................................................................................... 6

8-2 Calculating as-weighed center of gravity (Example)........................................... 10

8-3 Weight and balance station diagram................................................................... 12

8-4 How to find the correct ballast weight ................................................................. 15

8-5 Weight empty vs center of gravity....................................................................... 16

8-6 Gross weight longitudinal center of gravity limits – Standard units..................... 18

8-7 Completing an actual weight record – Standard units (Example) ....................... 20

8-8 Completing an actual weight record – Metric units (Example)............................ 21

8-9 Ballast installation ............................................................................................... 22

8-10 Actual weight record — Standard unit ................................................................ 26

8-11 Actual weight record — Metric units ................................................................... 27

8-12 Actual weight record ........................................................................................... 35

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TABLES

Table Page

Number Title Number

8-2 Weights for various fuels and oils ....................................................................... 9

8-3 Deriving initial weight empty and center of gravity (example)............................. 11

8-4 Ballast locations .................................................................................................. 13

8-5 Deriving final weight empty from initial weight empty (example) ........................ 14

8-6 Sample weighing procedure ............................................................................... 25

8-7 Kit weights (Standard units) ................................................................................ 29

8-8 Bell 407 with standard skid gear (Standard units) .............................................. 31

8-9 Kit weights (Metric units)..................................................................................... 32

8-10 Bell 407 on standard gear................................................................................... 34

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8-1. PURPOSE Useful Load - the maximum gross weight minus the

weight empty. The maximum gross weight includes the

This section gives the procedures that are necessary pilot, the passengers, the engine oil, fuel, baggage,

to find the actual weight empty and the center of and cargo.

gravity (CG) of a helicopter configuration, and to find

what changes, if any, are necessary to keep the Center of Gravity (CG) - the point about which all of

helicopter within the gross weight flight limits during the moments in all of the axes are exactly equal in

operation. magnitude. For balance purposes, think of the weight

of an item as being concentrated at the CG of the item.

8-2. GENERAL

Weight Empty CG - The center of gravity of the

The CG is the balance point of a body and it is used helicopter in it's weight empty condition.

when you calculate the weight and balance for the

helicopter. If we compare a helicopter with a

pendulum, the suspension point is where the main NOTE

rotor hub intersects the mast and the pendulum weight

is the helicopter. The pendulum weight will stop with its When the gross weight flight limits taper,

CG directly below the suspension point. For example: increasing weight empty can cause a

a helicopter will fly with its nose up if the CG is aft of previous payload configuration that had

the hub/mast intersection. To fly the helicopter in a been inside limits to have a center of gravity

level manner, the pilot must move the cyclic control outside limits.

stick forward. The more the pilot moves the cyclic

control stick forward, the less power there will be for Most Forward Gross Weight - the sum of the empty

forward speed and the control over the helicopter is weight, the maximum crew weight, the engine oil, and

decreased. Because this loss of control is unsafe, it is all of the useful load items which result in the most

important to keep the helicopter CG within the given forward CG.

gross weight flight limits. This is done in two ways:

Most Aft Gross Weight - the sum of the empty

1. By changing the location of the helicopter weight weight, the minimum crew weight, the engine oil, and

empty CG through equipment relocation or by adding all of the useful load items which result in the most aft

or removing ballast, and CG.

2. By deriving the combinations of useful load items Weight Empty CG Limits - a range of weight empty

which are permitted for each flight. CG based on the standard fuel and passenger loading.

A helicopter that is ballasted within this range will not

8-3. TERMINOLOGY go outside the gross weight flight limits with standard

loading.

If it is necessary to apply weight and balance control,

use the terms that follow: Gross Weight Flight Limits - the center of gravity

range plotted against gross weight within which the

Weight Empty - the value you get when you add up helicopter meets the requirements of the Federal

the weight of the airframe, the power plant, the Aviation Regulations under which it is certified.

required equipment, serviceable and special

equipment, the fixed ballast, hydraulic fluid, Datum - the intersection of the vertical, lateral, and the

transmission and gearbox oil, fuel that is not usable, horizontal planes from which all measurements are

and engine oil that is not drainable. taken for balance purposes. The distance to the CG of

an item is measured from the datum in terms of

Maximum Gross Weight - the maximum approved Fuselage Station (FS), Buttline (BL) and Waterline

take-off weight of the helicopter plus its contents. (WL) (Figure 8-6).

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Arm - the distance from the datum to the CG of an Minimum Fuel - for weight and balance purposes, this

item. The longitudinal arm is the fuselage station, the is the same as unusable fuel.

lateral arm is the buttline, and the vertical arm is the

waterline. The algebraic sign convention is plus (+) for

Undrainable Fuel/Oil - the fuel and oil remaining in

an object that is aft of the datum, above the datum,

their respective system after the draining procedures

and to the right of the datum (when looking forward).

are completed.

The minus sign (-) is used when parts are forward of

the datum, below the datum and to the left of the

datum when looking forward. Tare Weight - for mechanical scales, the weight of

chocks, blocks, stands, etc. that are used during

Moment - the result when you multiply the weight of weighing. This weight is included in the scale

an item and the arm of the item. readings. For electronic scales, consult the scale

manufacturer's data.

Unusable Fuel - whichever is the greater: the amount

of fuel remaining in the system when, in the worst As-Weighed Weight - the weight of the helicopter

attitude in which flight is maintained, the fuel pump configuration on the scales. This should be as close to

cavitates, or when the fuel gage reads zero. weight empty as possible.

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LEVELING

8-4. LEVELING WITH THE USE OF A 6. Adjust all three jacks (3) evenly until the

PLUMB BOB helicopter is level. The helicopter is level when the

point of the plumb bob (6) is directly over the

intersection of the cross on the level plate (4).

A level plate (4, Figure 8-1) is located in the baggage

bay at fuselage station 170.10 and buttock line -8.40.

A slotted level plate (1) is located directly above the 8-4A. LEVELING WITH THE USE OF A

level plate on the underside of the engine pan. To level LEVEL

the helicopter, do the steps that follow:

This is an alternate procedure to weigh the helicopter

1. Remove the access panel in the baggage bay using a level.

roof.

1. Install a spirit level or a digital level nesting flat on

the inner surface of the cabin floor.

2. Hang a plumb bob (6, Detail A) from the small

hole in the slotted level plate (1). Hang it in such a

manner that the plumb bob is just above the level plate

(4) in the baggage bay.

CAUTION

CAUTION HARD AND LEVEL SURFACE BEFORE

YOU PUT IT ON THE JACKS. IF YOU DO

NOT DO THIS, THE HELICOPTER CAN

MAKE SURE THE HELICOPTER IS ON A FALL ON ITS SIDE AND DAMAGE CAN

HARD AND LEVEL SURFACE BEFORE OCCUR.

YOU PUT IT ON THE JACKS. IF YOU DO

NOT DO THIS, THE HELICOPTER CAN

FALL ON ITS SIDE AND DAMAGE CAN 2. Put the helicopter on a hard and level surface in

OCCUR. an enclosed hangar.

3. Put the helicopter on a hard and level surface in 3. Put three jacks (3, Figure 8-1) under the

an enclosed hangar. helicopter at the permanent jack and tie down the

fittings. The two forward jack fittings (5) are located at

fuselage station 55.16 and the aft jack fitting (2) is

4. Put three jacks (3) under the helicopter at the located at fuselage station 204.92 (Chapter 7). If you

permanent jack and tie down the fittings. The two have not completed step 1 and step 2, do them now.

forward jack fittings (5) are located at fuselage station

55.16 and the aft jack fitting (2) is located at fuselage

station 204.92 (Chapter 7). If you have not completed 4. Adjust the aft jack (3) at the aft jack fitting (2) until

the previous step 1 and step 2, do them now. the helicopter is almost level.

5. Adjust the aft jack (3) at the aft jack fitting (2) until NOTE

the helicopter is almost level.

When you make the helicopter level for the

weight check, the landing gear skids must

be clear of the floor.

NOTE

When you make the helicopter level for the 5. Adjust all three jacks (3) evenly until the

weight check, the landing gear skids must helicopter is level. The helicopter is level when the

be clear of the floor. level is true both laterally and longitudinally.

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8-5. WEIGHING PROCEDURE 5. Make sure the engine oil system is either fully

drained or topped up to the full mark.

8-6. PREPARATION OF THE HELICOPTER

FOR WEIGHING

NOTE

Before you weigh the helicopter, make sure that the

The weight empty configuration is the

configuration is as near the weight empty as possible.

weight of the basic helicopter plus the

Do the steps that follow:

weight of the kits, special equipment, fixed

ballast, transmission and gearbox oil,

1. Remove, as much as possible, dirt, grease, hydraulic fluid, unusable fuel, and

moisture, and any equipment that is not required for undrainable oil.

weighing from the helicopter.

6. Drain the fuel system (Chapter 12).

2. Make sure that the baggage compartment is

empty.

8-7. WEIGHING

3. Put all of the kits and the required equipment for

weighing in their proper locations. 1. Do not weigh the helicopter outdoors or in an

open building because wind, flapping rotors, and body

4. Make sure that the transmission, gearbox, and sway may seriously affect the accuracy of the scale

hydraulic reservoirs are full (Chapter 12). readings.

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NOTE Subtract these numbers from the first scale readings

If you use electronic platform scales, (when you subtract a negative number, you add it) to

always align the jackpoint on the center of get the three net weights.

the scale. Do not cross the scale coax wire

on the ground or put any weight on the 8. Add the individual weights to get the “As-

cable. Weighed” Weight. Refer to Table 8-1.

2. If you use electronic loadcells, make sure that the In some cases, tare weight can be negative after

loadcells and the adapters are tightened to the pads of removing weight from electronic scales. This example

the jacks that are used to raise the helicopter. Put the shows this situation.

load cells in position on the jacks. Do the warm-up

recommended by the scale manufacturer. Refer to the

8-8. CALCULATIONS

instructions supplied by the manufacturer and adjust

each load cell to zero.

8-9. CALCULATING AS-WEIGHED CENTER OF

GRAVITY

3. Make sure that each of the scale calibrations

have a zero reading before you do each weighing 1. The distance from Fuselage Station 0.00 to the

procedure. centers of the forward jack fittings (5, Figure 8-1) is

called the forward arm, A. (Figure 8-3). The distance

4. If you will weigh the helicopter on portable scales, from Fuselage Station 0.00 to the center of the aft jack

put the scales in position on level ground. Put a scale fitting (2, Figure 8-1) is called the aft arm, B (Figure 8-

under each jack point. Align the jackpoint on the center 3). The forward arm is 55.16 inches (1401 mm) long

of the scale. Use the jacks to make the helicopter level and the aft arm is 204.92 inches (5205 mm) long.

in the longitudinal and lateral directions (Paragraph 8-

4). 2. Multiply the sum of the net weights of the forward

scales by the forward arm. The result is called the

forward moment and the units are in inch-pounds

(millimeter-kilograms).

CAUTION

3. Multiply the net weight of the aft scale by the aft

MAKE SURE THAT THE LANDING GEAR arm. The result is called the aft moment and the units

SKIDS DO NOT TOUCH THE WEIGH are in inch-pounds (millimeter-kilograms).

SCALES OR THE FLOOR. IF THEY

TOUCH, THE SCALES WILL NOT BE 4. Add the forward and the aft moments. Divide this

BALANCED CORRECTLY. sum by the As-Weighed Weight. The result is the As-

weighed helicopter CG in inches (millimeters) aft of FS

5. Balance each scale and make a note of the 0.00. Refer to Figure 8-2

readings. If you are using electronic scales, find the

weight on each cell from the digital counter. Refer to 8-10. CALCULATING INITIAL WEIGHT EMPTY

the instructions given by the manufacturer. AND CENTER OF GRAVITY

6. Remove the helicopter from the jacks (Chapter 1. Before you find the ballast requirements, you

7). On each scale, weigh the weight tare. This includes must compute the initial weight empty from the As-

the applicable jack, blocks, and any other equipment weighed weight. Balance calculations are based on

that you had in position between the helicopter and the the Weight Empty condition. Start with the As-

scale. Subtract this weight tare from the first scale Weighted weight, the CG, the moment, and do the

reading to get the net weights. steps that follow:

7. If you use electronic scales, remove the a. Add the weight of all the Empty Weight items

helicopter from the jacks (Chapter 7). Make sure that that are not on the helicopter when it was weighed.

the load cells do not touch the jack points. Examine Some examples are:

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• undrainable engine oil, follows:

• transmission oil, and

• gearbox oils. 8-13. Use of the weight empty center of gravity

limits

b. Subtract the weight of all of the non Weight

Empty items on the helicopter when it was weighed,

When a helicopter has a standard fuel system and a

such as: the plumb bob, the engine oil, the undrainable

standard seating arrangement, use the weight empty

fuel, etc.

CG limits (Figure 8-5) as a guide to correctly ballast

the helicopter.

2. Table 8-2 lists the density weights and quantities

that must be used for weight and balance calculations.

The fuel quantities are for a standard day. If a 1. If the initial weight empty and CG are within the

helicopter has to be weighed with full tanks (this is not weight empty CG limit lines (Figure 8-5), the initial

recommended), do a specific gravity check to find the weight empty is the final weight empty. Write this value

correct weight of fuel on board. down on the Actual Weight Record form that is

included in the flight manual.

3. Table 8-3 shows a typical calculation for deriving

the initial weight empty and the CG. 2. If the computed center of gravity is outside the

limits, the required center of gravity is found by moving

8-11. COMPUTING AN ACTUAL WEIGHT horizontally to the nearest limit and reading the value

RECORD — EXAMPLES at this point. If the limit lines are not vertical, the

required CG that you use should be inside the limit line

For these examples, the helicopter has no weight to allow for the increase in weight because of the

empty equipment missing, the fuel system is drained, addition of the ballast.

the engine oil system is full, and the helicopter was

leveled with a plumb bob. The helicopter was serviced

with JP-5 fuel and MIL-L-23699 oil. a. If the CG is aft of the limit and if the mid

tailboom ballast is already installed, remove the ballast

All changes made to the As-Weighed condition must and calculate the initial weight empty and CG again

be shown on the Actual Weight Record (Figure 8-7 before you calculate the required ballast.

and Figure 8-8).

b. If the CG is forward of the limit line and if the

8-12. CALCULATING FINAL WEIGHT EMPTY nose ballast is already installed, remove the ballast

CENTER OF GRAVITY and calculate the initial weight empty and CG again

before you calculate the required ballast.

The final Weight Empty CG may be found by two

procedures: use the weight empty CG limits (Figure 8-

5) or use the gross weight flight limits (Figure 8-6).

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LBS/GAL (KG/L)

JP-4 (Jet B) 6.5 0.779

JP-5 (Jet A) 6.8 0.815

JP-8 6.8 0.815

DOD-L-85734 8.4 1.007

MIL-L-7808 7.7 0.923

MIL-L-23699 8.4 1.007

UNUSABLE FUEL

FUEL WEIGHT CG MOMENT

(MM-KG/

(LBS) (KG) (INCHES) (MM) (IN-LBS)

100)

JP-4 17.2 7.8 114.6 2911 1971 227.1

JP-5 18.0 8.2 114.6 2911 2063 238.7

JP-8 18.0 8.2 114.6 2911 2063 238.7

TRAPPED/UNDRAINABLE FUEL

JP-4 4.5 2.0 110.6 2809 498 56.2

JP-5 4.7 2.1 110.6 2809 520 59.0

JP-8 4.7 2.1 110.6 2809 520 59.0

UNDRAINABLE ENGINE OIL

DOD-L-85734 1.6 0.7 192 4877 307 34.1

MIL-L-7808 1.4 0.6 192 4877 269 29.3

MIL-L-23699 1.6 0.7 192 4877 307 34.1

USABLE ENGINE OIL

DOD-L-85734 13.0 5.9 205 5207 2665 307.2

MIL-L-7808 11.9 5.4 205 5207 2440 281.2

MIL-L-23699 13.0 5.9 205 5207 2665 307.2

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Table 8-3. Deriving initial weight empty and center of gravity (example)

(MM-KG/

(LBS) (KG) (INCHES) (MM) (IN-LBS)

100)

Remove:

Engine Oil -13.0 -5.9 205.0 5207 -2665 -307.2

able Fuel

Add:

Unusable 18.0 8.2 114.6 2911 2063 238.7

Fuel

Empty

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NOTE formula that follows:

Do not install ballast in both the nose and

the mid tailboom locations at the same time.

c. If the CG is aft of the limit and if the nose Ballast = (weight empty) (required CG — calculated CG)

ballast is already installed (or if the CG is forward of ballast CG — required CG

the limit and if the mid tailboom ballast is already

installed) calculate the additional ballast that will be

required.

NOTE

To avoid interference with the controls the

NOTE mid tailboom ballast must be applied as

When a helicopter has a unique loading shown in paragraph 8-17.

configuration that is not standard, such as

the crew or the passenger weights, the

3. To find the exact ballast, you may have to do

baggage compartment loading, or other

more than one calculation because the ballast weight

variations, use the gross weight flight limits

to calculate the ballast. is limited at each location. To find the correct ballast

weight, refer to Figure 8-4.

final Empty Weight shown in Table 8-5.

MAXIMUM

LONGITUDINAL CG LATERAL CG

BALLAST

Note 2 1 0.5 307.5 7811 0.0 0

Note 2: Maximum total tailboom ballast is 20 lbs (9 Kg). Maximum ballast stack height is 0.5 inches

(12.7 mm).

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5. Write down the ballast weight requirements on

forward CG.

the helicopter Actual Weight Record (Figure 8-7 and

Figure 8-8). When ballast is removed from the

As-Weighted weight (step a. or b.), it must be shown a. Include all items with a CG that is forward of

on the Actual Weight Record. If part of the removed the forward flight limit.

ballast is added again, add the entries together to

show the total weight that was removed from each b. Exclude all items with a CG that is aft of the

location. flight limit, except those items that are required for

flight, such as engine oil.

6. Install and secure the required ballast

(Paragraph 8-9). c. Exclude most items that have a CG within the

flight limit except those that are required for flight.

8-14. Use of the Gross Weight Flight Limits Also, because the upper forward flight limit decreases,

the items with a CG close to the flight limit should be

checked to see if adding them will result in a gross

When a helicopter has a custom configuration such

weight CG that is outside the upper limit.

that the empty weight is more than the maximum

empty weight on the chart (Figure 8-5), or the fuel

system or the seating arrangement is not standard, d. The sum of the weights and the moments for

use the gross weight flight limits to calculate the these items is known as the most forward useful load,

required ballast (Figure 8-6). Then the most forward and must be shown on the Actual Weight Record

and the most aft useful loads are calculated for the (Figure 8-10 and Figure 8-11).

configuration. Examples of the steps that follow are

given at the end of this section. 3. Find the combination of useful load items which,

when added to the initial weight empty, results in the

1. Use the procedures in Paragraphs 8-9 and 8-10 most aft CG.

and find the initial weight empty and CG.

crew, passengers, baggage, and cargo) which, when

Table 8-5. Deriving final weight empty from initial weight empty (example)

100)

Empty (from

Table 8.3)

Add:

FS 14.3

(363)

Ballast @ 18.0 8.2 15.6 396 281 32.5

FS 15.6

(396)

Empty

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Figure 8-6. Gross weight longitudinal center of gravity limits - Standard units (Sheet 1 of 2)

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Figure 8-6. Gross weight longitudinal center of gravity limits - Standard units (sheet 2)

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a. Include all items with a CG that is aft of the ballast is already installed, calculate the required addi-

flight limit. tional ballast.

the forward flight limit, except those items that are The required CG is at the intersection of the

required for flight, such as minimum crew weight. gross weight and the appropriate gross

weight limit line. If the limit lines are not

c. Exclude most items that have a CG within the vertical, the required CG that you use

flight limit, except those that are required for flight. should be inside the limit line to show the

increase in weight because of the addition

d. The sum of the weights and the moments for of the ballast.

these items is known as the most aft useful load, and

must be shown on the Actual Weight Record (Figure d. Calculate the required ballast. Use the formula

8-10 and Figure 8-11). that follows:

initial empty weight and moment. The result is known Ballast = (gross weight) (required CG — computed CG)

as the most forward gross weight.

ballast CG — required CG

empty weight and moment. The result is known as the

NOTE

most aft gross weight.

To avoid interference with the controls, the

mid-tailboom ballast must be applied as

6. Compare the most forward gross weight and the

shown in paragraph 8-17.

most aft gross weight to the gross weight flight limits

(Figure 8-6).

1. If the most forward gross weight and the most aft

gross weight CG are both outside the gross flight

7. If either the most forward or most aft gross weight limits, change one of the useful load combinations in

CG is outside the gross weight flight limits, find the order to move the applicable gross weight CG on or

ballast requirements as follows: inside the limit. Calculate the required ballast

according to Step 7. Write down the useful load

a. If the aft CG is outside the flight limits and if limitations on the Actual Weight Record (Figure 8-10

the mid tailboom ballast is already installed, remove and Figure 8-11).

the ballast. Calculate the most forward and the most

aft gross weight CGs again. Then calculate the 2. If the required ballast is more than the maximum

required ballast. that is permitted, do one of the steps that follow:

b. If the forward CG is outside the flight limits and a. Change the empty weight configuration to

if the nose ballast is already installed, remove the move the empty weight CG closer to the flight limit

ballast. Calculate the most forward and the most aft until the required ballast is equal to or less than the

gross weight CGs again. Then calculate the required maximum that is permitted, or

ballast.

b. Adjust the useful load combination to

decrease the required ballast to the maximum that is

NOTE

permitted or less. Write down the useful load

Do not install ballast in both the nose and limitations on the Actual Weight Record (Figure 8-10

the mid tailboom locations at the same time. and Figure 8-11).

c. If the aft CG is outside the flight limits and if 3. Write down the ballast weight requirements on

the nose ballast is already installed, or if the forward the helicopter Actual Weight Record (Figure 8-10 and

CG is outside the flight limits and if the mid tailboom Figure 8-11). When the ballast is removed from the

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As-Weighed weight (Step a. or b.), it must show on the 5. As the empty weight is calculated (Paragraph 8-

Actual Weight Record. If part of the removed ballast is 10 and Paragraph 8-12), write down the lateral arms

added again, put the entries together to show the and moments on the Actual Weight Record.

weight removed from each location.

4. Install the required ballast (Paragraph 8-17). 6. Do not ballast for lateral CG, Refer to BHT-407-

FM. For the seating limitations to maintain the

helicopter within the lateral gross weight flight limits.

8-15. SAMPLE WEIGHING PROCEDURE

8-17. INSTALLATION OF BALLAST

system is drained and the engine oil system is full. The

helicopter was serviced with JP-5 fuel and MIL-L-

23699 oil. The helicopter is configured for night Ballast weights are manufactured from lead sheets

rescue. The helicopter has litters installed, but does and vary in thickness from 0.0625 inch (1.58 mm) to

not have the searchlight and a receiver/transmitter 0.25 inch (6.35 mm). Each ballast weight has the value

box. Refer to Table 8-6 and Figure 8-10. For the metric of its weight stamped on it. Ballast weights may require

equivalent of the example, refer to Figure 8-11. special support assemblies, brackets, or hardware to

be installed. Refer to Figure 8-9 for the ballast

The most forward gross weight and the most aft gross installation. Ballast weights may be modified to meet

weight are both inside the gross weight flight limits.

the ballast requirements without excess weight as

The initial weight empty is the final weight empty. Write

shown on Figure 8-9.

down all the data on the Actual Weight Record (Figure

8-10 and Figure 8-11).

1. Find the amount of ballast to be added or

8-16. CALCULATING THE LATERAL CENTER OF removed at each location (Paragraph 8-8).

GRAVITY

The moment arms to the left hand side (when looking NOTE

forward) are negative (-) and the moment arms to the Do not install ballast in both the nose and

right hand side are positive (+). The forward jack the mid tailboom locations at the same time.

fittings are located at BL - 16.82 (- 427 mm) and at BL

16.82 (427 mm). The aft jack fitting is on the centerline

(BL 0.00). 2. Find the number of each size of ballast weight

that is required to get the correct weight at each

location.

NOTE

Left hand moment will be negative. a. In the battery compartment at FS 14.3

(363mm), the total weight of the ballast installation is

2. On each forward scale, multiply the net weight by 23.5 pounds (10.7 Kg) if the 17 ampere hour battery is

its arm to get the left hand and the right hand moments installed. If the 28 ampere hour battery kit is installed,

for the helicopter. Do not calculate the lateral moment this ballast location cannot be used. Refer to the 407

for the aft scale because the lateral moment for the aft Illustrated parts breakdown (IPB) for the

scale is always zero.

nominal weights of the ballast.

together. Divide this total by the As-Weighed weight. b. In the landing light compartment at FS 15.6

The result is the As-Weighed helicopter lateral CG in (396 mm), the total weight of the ballast installation is

inches (millimeters) to the left hand side or right hand 64 pounds (29.1 Kg), accommodating 32 pounds (14.5

side of Buttline 0.00. Kg) in both left hand and right hand installations. Refer

to 407 IPB for the nominal weights of the ballast. For

4. Write down these calculations on the Actual weight adjustment, holes that are not greater than 2.5

Weight Record Form (Figure 8-7 through Figure 8-11). inches (63.5 mm) in diameter may be drilled 3.0 inches

8-00-00

Page 24 Rev. 2

BHT-407-MM-2

(LBS) (INCHES) (IN-LBS)

As-Weighed 3270.0 129.6 423793

Remove:

Engine oil -13.0 205 -2665

Plumb bob -0.3 170.1 -51

Undrainable fuel -4.7 110.6 -520

Add:

Unusable fuel 18.0 114.6 2063

Paint 16.7 167.0 2789

SX-16C searchlight 36.0 13.1 472

800 MHz R/T 6.8 200.0 1360

Initial Weight Empty 3329.5 128.3 427241

FIRST, CALCULATE THE MOST FORWARD USEFUL LOAD

Pilot 170.0 65.0 11050

Passenger (Mid) 170.0 91.0 15470

Litter Patients (2) 340.0 108.0 36720

Engine Oil 13.0 205.0 2665

Fuel (74.8 gallons) JP-5 508.6 116.0 58998

Most FWD useful load 1201.6 104.0 124903

SECOND, CALCULATE THE MOST AFT USEFUL LOAD

Pilot 170.0 65.0 11050

Engine oil 13.0 205.0 2665

Fuel (28.4 gallons) JP-5 193.1 137.0 26455

Most aft useful load 376.1 106.8 40170

THIRD, CALCULATE THE MOST FORWARD GROSS WEIGHT AND MOST AFT GROSS WEIGHT

Initial weight empty 3329.5 128.3 427241

Most FWD useful load 1201.6 104.0 124903

Most FWD gross weight 4531.1 121.9 552143

Most aft useful load 376.1 106.8 40170

Most aft gross weight 3705.6 126.1 467410

8-00-00

Rev. 2 Page 25

BHT-407-MM-2

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Page 26 Rev. 2

BHT-407-MM-2

8-00-00

Rev. 2 Page 27

BHT-407-MM-2

(76.2 mm) from the top edge and 4.5 inches (114.3 pounds (9.1 Kg) The maximum stack height is 0.5 inch

mm) from the forward edge. (12.7 mm). Refer to the 407 IPB for the nominal

weights of the ballast. For weight adjustment, holes

that are no greater than 0.75 inch (19 mm) in diameter

may be drilled in the plates.

CAUTION

3. When you install the ballast weights, make sure

TO AVOID CONTROLS INTERFERENCE, that the plates are aligned as shown in Figure 8-9. The

LIMIT THE MAXIMUM STACK HEIGHT OF length of the bolts (6) and (9) is given by the total

THE BALLAST IN THE MID-TAILBOOM thickness of weights that are installed. Tighten the

LOCATION TO 0.5 INCH (12.7MM). bolts (6) and (9) to the standard torque.

c. In the mid-tailboom location, the not-to-exceed 8-18. MODEL 407 KIT WEIGHTS

weights are as follows: 12.0 pounds (5.4 Kg) at FS

303.4 (7706 mm), 12.0 pounds (5.4 Kg) at FS 313.4 Refer to Table 8-7 (Standard units) and Table 8-9

(7960 mm) with a total not-to-exceed weight of 20.0 (Metric units) for various Bell Helicopter kit weights.

8-00-00

Page 28 Rev. 2

BHT-407-MM-2

LONG LAT.

NOMENCLATURE WEIGHT LONG CG LAT. CG

MOMENTS MOMENT

KIT NUMBER CHANGE (INCHES) (INS)

(LB. INS.) (LB. INS.)

206-706-208-103

Partical separator 13.2 141.8 1871.8 1.0 13.2

206-706-212-119

206-706-341-109

provisions

206-706-341-111

206-706-502-103

407-705-001-101

KX155

407-705-001-103

KX165

407-705-001-105

ADF equipment 8.9 103.2 918.5 0.5 4.5

KR87

407-705-001-107

provision (KT76)

407-705-001-109

KT76

407-705-001-111

provision (KT70)

407-705-001-113

KT70

407-705-001-115

KLN89

407-705-001-117

8-00-00

Rev. 2 Page 29

BHT-407-MM-2

LONG LAT.

NOMENCLATURE WEIGHT LONG CG LAT. CG

MOMENTS MOMENT

KIT NUMBER CHANGE (INCHES) (INS)

(LB. INS.) (LB. INS.)

KLN89

407-705-001-119

OMNI (with CDI) 3.4 141.7 481.8 -1.7 -5.8

407-705-001-121

KY196

407-705-001-123

KY196

407-705-001-125

407-705-001-127

407-705-002-101

407-705-002-103

provisions

407-705-002-105

ment

407-705-002-107

407-705-201-101

407-706-001-101

407-706-003-101

407-706-004-101

transmitter

407-706-005-101

High skid gear 34.5 113.0 3898.5 0.0 0.0

407-706-007-101

(includes Flitesteps)

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Page 30 Rev. 2

BHT-407-MM-2

LONG LAT.

NOMENCLATURE WEIGHT LONG CG LAT. CG

MOMENTS MOMENT

KIT NUMBER CHANGE (INCHES) (INS)

(LB. INS.) (LB. INS.)

407-706-008-101

(includes Floatsteps)

407-706-010-101

407-706-301-103

407-706-702-101

Table 8-8. Weight and balance calculation for Bell 407 with standard skid gear (Standard units) — Example

CENTER OF

WEIGHT LONGITUDINAL LATERAL

DESCRIPTION GRAVITY

(LBS) MOMENT MOMENT

(INCH)

weight change

8-00-00

Rev. 2 Page 31

BHT-407-MM-2

NOMENCLATURE LONG CG LAT. CG

CHANGE MOMENTS MOMENT

KIT NUMBER (MM) (MM)

(KG) (KG.MM/100) (KG.MM/100)

206-706-208-103

206-706-212-119

Cargo hook 7.6 3073 233.5 0.0 0.0

206-706-341-109

provisions

206-706-341-111

206-706-502-103

407-705-001-101

VHF equipment 4.4 1636 72.0 36 1.6

KX155

407-705-001-103

KX165

407-705-001-105

KR87

407-705-001-107

Transponder 0.4 1326 5.3 -157 -0.6

provision (KT76)

407-705-001-109

KT76

407-705-001-111

provision (KT70)

407-705-001-113

KT70

407-705-001-115

KLN89

407-705-001-117

8-00-00

Page 32 Rev. 2

BHT-407-MM-2

NOMENCLATURE LONG CG LAT. CG

CHANGE MOMENTS MOMENT

KIT NUMBER (MM) (MM)

(KG) (KG.MM/100) (KG.MM/100)

KLN89

407-705-001-119

OMNI (with CDI) 1.5 3599 54.0 -43 -0.6

407-705-001-121

KY196

407-705-001-123

KY196

407-705-001-125

407-705-001-127

407-705-002-101

407-705-002-103

provisions

407-705-002-105

equipment

407-705-002-107

407-705-201-101

407-706-001-101

407-706-003-101

407-706-004-101

transmitter

407-706-005-101

High skid gear 15.6 2870 447.7 0.0 0.0

407-706-007-101

(includes Flitesteps)

8-00-00

Rev. 2 Page 33

BHT-407-MM-2

NOMENCLATURE LONG CG LAT. CG

CHANGE MOMENTS MOMENT

KIT NUMBER (MM) (MM)

(KG) (KG.MM/100) (KG.MM/100)

407-706-008-101

(includes Floatsteps)

L/G fairings 5.4 2949 159.2 0.0 0.0

407-706-010-101

407-706-301-103

407-706-702-101

Table 8-10. Weight and balance calculation for Bell 407 with standard skid gear (Metric units) — Example

WEIGHT

DESCRIPTION GRAVITY MOMENT MOMENT

(KG)

(MM) (MMKG/100) (KG.MM/100)

weight change

8-00-00

Page 34 Rev. 2

BHT-407-MM-2

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BHT-407-MM-2

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BHT-407-MM-2

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Rev. 2 Page 39

BHT-407-MM-2

8-00-00

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BHT-407-MM-2

8-00-00

Rev. 2 Page 41/42

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