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Pacita Abad (October 5, 1946 – December 7, 2004) was born in Basco, Batanes, a small island

in the northernmost part of the Philippines, between Luzon and Taiwan. Her more than 30-year
painting career began when she traveled to the United States to undertake graduate studies. She
exhibited her work in over 200 museums, galleries and other venues, including 75 solo shows,
around the world. Abad's work is now in public, corporate and private art collections in over 70
countries. Abad earned a BA in political science at the University of the Philippines in 1967. In
1970, she went the United States intending to study law, but instead earned a degree (MA) in
Asian History at Lone Mountain College (University of San Francisco) in 1972. While in
California, she married a Stanford MBA student, Jack Garrity, who became an international
development economist.[1] Abad studied painting at the Corcoran School of Art in Washington,
D.C. and The Art Students League in New York City. She lived on 5 different continents and
worked in more than 80 countries, including Guatemala, Mexico, India, Afghanistan, Yemen,
Sudan, Mali, Papua New Guinea, Cambodia and Indonesia.

Pablo Cueto Amorsolo (June 26, 1898 – February 21, 1945) was a Filipino painter. He was the
younger brother of the Philippine National Artist Fernando Amorsolo.[1][2][3][4]

Pablo Amorsolo was born in Daet, Camarines Norte to husband and wife Pedro Amorsolo, as a
book keeper and Bonifacia Cueto. When he was still eight years old, his family moved to
Manila.[1]

During World War II, Amorsolo was captured by Filipino troops.[1]

He was sentenced and executed by firing squad in the hands of guerillas. He died in this manner
at the Antipolo, Rizal in 1945.[1]
Yosi Nilait-lait pa
Adrianne D’Cruz Balagot ‘pag upos na
Ihahagis sa kalsada
Sabi nila… Tapak-tapakan
‘La ka raw kwenta ng mga makwekwenta
Dagdag pambutas ng bulsa Lingid sa kanila
Butas ang baga ‘pag di nasawata ‘pag tayong dalawa’y nagsama
Kulang pa... Marami tayong nababasa sa kanilang mukha
Kung malait Kaya nabubuo ang bawat istorya.
Humihithit... Bumubuga
Waring may banal Gaya ngayon…
Nahulog sa lupa Nagtatalik ang usok at kaluluwa
Kung humusga Nabubuo…
Talbog ang papa sa Roma Iba-ibang larawan
Salamat na rin sa paalaala May mukha…
Panambitang pang-aalimura. May piso…
May mukha sa piso
Pero...! May mukhang piso
Sabi lang nila yon di ba? Marami…
Pagkat di nila alam, May isa… dalawa… tatlo…
ang iyong halaga Tatsulok sa mundo.
Sa tulad kong ikaw ang laging kasama Marami talaga
Oo...! Iba-iba…
Para sa kanila, silbi ay wala ka! Ibang iba…
Pero... pa’no ko pag wala ka? Pagsasama nating dalawa
E! Sa ‘yo lang ako may pagkakataong Naiintindihan natin ang isa’t isa
Mag-isip… Kung wala ka…
Magsumbong… ihinga ang sama ng loob Kulang ako
Mangarap at magpasya. Ikaw lang ang kausap
Bakit kasi kadiri kung turan ka? Sa panahon ng pag-iisa.
Naranasan ba nila na ika’y makasama?
Haaaaaahhhhh!
Ahhhhhhhhh!
Hayan natin sila
Bakit?... Nandito pa tayo.
Di maghihiwalay
Bakit?... Lilikha ng panibagong kabanata
Susulat nang naiibang kwento
Bakit?... Tayo naman ang bida
‘Di lang sila… sobra na…
Bakit nauso pa? Binubuhay sila sa mga istorya
Umaastang banal sa balat ng lupa? Habang pinapaslang tayo ng mga paghaka.
Gayong mas malinis pa sa kanila
Usok na ibinubuga Di na maghihiwalay
Sana... makasama ka nila... Ni malimutan sa kanilang diwa
Kahit minsan lang! Pagkat tayo na ang bida
Bago man lang mamaalam Habang buhay ang mga letra
Tuluyang lumisan. Paulit-ulit tayong maaalaala.

Tulad ko… Upos… mamamatay ang baga


Aalis ka rin Kasabay… pagpikit ng aking mga mata
Parehong pag-iral pansamantala May pangrap na nabuo
Di pa nakita… mumunting halaga …nagtugumpay sa’ting pagkawala!
Bulul

Oblation
Why is carbon important to life?

Most living things on Earth are made of carbon. Living things need carbon in
order to live, grow, and reproduce. Carbon is a finite resource that cycles
through the Earth in many forms. This makes carbon available to living
organisms and remains in balance with other chemical reactions in the
atmosphere and in bodies of water like ponds and oceans.

Why is hydrogen important?


Hydrogen is important because it is involved in the process of enzyme catalysis and
because it stabilizes things like nucleic acids and proteins. Hydrogen bonds with
many different elements to form compounds.
Hydrogen is made of three different isotopes. Ordinary hydrogen is called
protium. The second isotope is called deuterium and the third is called tritium.
Hydrogen is the most basic of all the elements because it contains one proton and
one electron.
Although scientists had been producing hydrogen for years, they never really knew
what it was. It was discovered to be an element in 1766 by Henry Cavendish. Its
name is derived from the Greek words "hydro" and "genes" and together these words mean "water forming."

Why is oxygen important?


Oxygen is a very important element because it is a part of the air people
breathe and the water people drink. Because of this, oxygen supports life.
Many living things (including humans) need oxygen to live and breathe,
though it is poisonous to some forms of life.

Why is Nitrogen important for living organisms?


1. Proteins are made up partly of Nitrogen. Without Proteins, your cells will
lack enough nourishment to repair itself or to build new tissues.

2. Nitric Oxide is made up of Nitrogen. Without Nitric Oxide, your cells will
have difficulty communicating with each other.

3. Urea is made up of Nitrogen. Without Urea, you cannot remove damaged


and used proteins from your body - and this causes the formation of toxins.

4. Enzymes are partly made up of Nitrogen. Without Enzymes, simple acts, such as food metabolism, would take
200 years to complete.

5. Plants require Nitrogen. When plants don't have nitrogen, they fail and this disrupts the food chain.
Community Health Problem

Repetitive motion: This refers to performing the same motion or motion pattern every few seconds or on a
continuous basis for hours at a time.

Awkward posture: Whether standing or sitting, there is a neutral position for the back, neck, arms and
hands. This is the position that puts the least amount of physical strain on the particular part of the body.
Postures that differ from the neutral position increase stress on the body.
Overhead work, twisted or bent back, bent wrists, squatting or stooping are examples of body positions and
movements that cause problems. See Figure 1.

Long periods of repetitive activity (duration): This is the amount of time workers perform a motion or
movement pattern during the workday.

Lack of recovery time: Recovery is rest or a break from a risk factor.

Forceful movement: This is the effort or pressure workers need to perform various tasks. Forceful movements
include lifting a heavy object, unscrewing a rusted bolt, or squeezing an object in your hand. Another type of
force, known as contact stress, comes from pressure against part of the body. For example, resting the wrists
against the sharp edge of a desk while working at a computer puts pressure on the wrists.

Vibration: Exposure to vibration can affect particular parts of body, such as the hands, when using power tools.
This is known as localized vibration. Workers who drive trucks or work with jackhammers are exposed
to whole bodyvibration.

Uncomfortable environmental conditions: An uncomfortable environment can be dangerous as well as


unpleasant. High temperature and humidity can make workers drowsy and less alert. Excessive noise damages
hearing. Glare and bright lighting while working with computers can cause headaches and vision problems.

Stressful work organization: This refers to the way jobs are organized. These factors include staffing levels,
scheduling workload and job pacing, electronic monitoring, performing monotonous tasks, and the amount of
control workers have over how they perform their jobs. These are sometimes called psychosocial factors.
NAIL CARE TOOLS and EQUIPMENT

TOOLS are the Articles used in any nail care service which are durable or permanent and are hand-held. Tools
are also referred to as implements
Callous Remover
is a tool designed to strip off calluses and corns.
Cuticle Nail Pusher
is a tool used to push back and loosen the cuticles
Cuticle Nipper
is an implement used to cut the cuticles.
Cuticle Scissor
is an implement to cut stubborn cuticles.
Finger or Manicure Bowl
is a small bowl used for soaking the fingers to soften the cuticles.
Foot file
is made of metal or sandpaper, with a rough file on one side to remove calluses and a fine file on the other to
smoothen the feet.
Foot Spa Basin
is a large rectangular
container used for bathing and soaking the feet when giving a pedicure.
Manicure Tray
is a flat container where all the necessary tools and implements are placed for use by the manicurist.
Manicure Nail Brush
is a plastic handled brush with nylon bristles used to clean dirt and cosmetic residue from the nail surface and
skin.
Mixing bowl
is a small open-top, rounded cup-like container used for mixing the aromatic oils and other fluids for the hand
or foot spa.
Nail Buffer
used for smoothening and polishing the nails.
Nail Cutter / Nail Clipper / Nail Trimmer
is a hand tool made of metal used to trim fingernails and toenails.
Nail File
used to shape the free edges of the nail with the coarse side and bevel the nail with the finer side..
Orangewood Stick
is an implement with pointed and rounded ends to remove excess polish.
.
Pedicure Nail Brush
is a tool used to remove cosmetics and cleanse nails.
Plastic Container for Cotton
is a small receptacle where cotton balls are put.
Pumice Stone
is a type of volcanic rock, which is actually frothy lava solidified to form a porous rock to remove dry and
annoying skin of the feet as well as calluses.
Supply Tray
is a flat container that holds the necessary cosmetics and implements
Trolley
a wheeled cart that is pushed by hand and used for transporting manicuring and pedicuring tools and materials.
MATERIALS are the cosmetics and supplies that are consumed and should be replaced from time to time. They
are also called consumables.
Alcohol
is an organic compound used as sanitizer.
Antiseptic Solution
is an agent that reducesor prevents the multiplication of microorganisms.
Apron
is an outer protective garment that covers primarily the front of the body to protect clothes from dirt or stains.
Assorted Colored Nail Polish
is a lacquer applied on fingernails and toenails to decorate and/or protect the nail plate.
Base Coat
is a clear layer of polish applied to the nail plate before the application of colored Polish to smoothen surface for
color and promote healthier nails.
Benzalconium Chloride
is a yellow-white powder prepared in an aqueous solution used as surface disinfectant and topical antiseptic.
Bleaching Soap
is a soap formulated to whiten the skin.
Cling Wrap
is a thin plastic film used for sealing the paraffin during a hand spa.
Cotton
is a soft white downy fiber for dubbing or cleaning the nails and removing nail polish.
Cuticle Oil
is a mixture of fats and waxes containing lanolin and petroleum base to soften and lubricate the skin around the
nails.
Cuticle Remover
is a liquid used to soften nail cuticles and prepare them to be cut.
Emery board
is a wooden, sand paper-like stick with a fine texture on one side and a coarse texture on the other side used to
gently grind down the edges of the nails.
Solvent
is a substance used to thin out the nailpolish when it has thickened.
Toe Nail Separator
is a soft material where toes are inserted to keep them apart to prevent a freshlypainted toenail from staining
another toe.
Top Coat
is a clear nail polish applied to the nails after the colored polish to protect it from scratches and chips, it makes
nails harder and keep them looking shiny.
Towel
is an absorbent cloth for drying the hands and feet.
EQUIPMENT are the items which are more or less durable and permanent needed for a
particular activity or purpose.
Chairs
are seats with back support which have four legs and some have rests for the arms.
Foot Spa Machine
is an electronic gadget used for soaking, bathing and massaging the feet during a foot spa.
Foot Spa Stool
is a simple seat with three or four legs designed to provide comfort and elevation during a foot spa.
.
Hand Spa Machine
is an electronic gadget used to soothe pain of arthritis, muscle spasms and dry cracked skin of the hands..
Manicurist’s Chair
is the adjustable upholstered seat fitted over a metal or chrome.
Manicure Table
is a furniture especially designed for giving manicure. Usually it has a
Laminated plastic surface and a drawer for storing materials. It is often fitted with ball caster for easy
mobility.
Sterilizer
is an equipment in a salon used for sterilizing Metal implements to kill micro-
organisms.
Timer
is a device that can be preset to start or stop something at a given time.

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