You are on page 1of 8

EXCRETORY PRODUCT AND THEIR ELIMINATION

ZOOLOGY

TARGET : BOARD 2019


NO. 43

This DPP is to be discussed in the CLASS

DPP No. # 43 (GUJ BOARD)_REVISION DPP

R
Total Marks : ---- Max. Time : 60 min.

CH-19 EXCRETORY PRODUCTS AND THEIR ELIMINATION

SI
Short Answer Questions (3 marks each)
1. Define excretion. Describe different types of animals based on the chief nitrogenous waste produced in
them with examples
2.
3.
4.
5.
VA
Explain the function of PCT and Henle’s loop during urine formation.
Explain the function of DCT and collecting duct during urine formation.
Describe the hormonal feedback circuit in controlling the renal function.
What are Ammonotelic, ureotelic and ureotelic animals? Give one example of each type of these.
6. Kidney plays a role in osmoregulation. How?
A
7. Why is kidney called as osmoregulator?
8. Discuss how does kidney help in osmoregulation in mammals?
ST

Long Answer Questions (4 marks each)

9. Draw a labelled diagram of human urinary system and write one function of each adrenal gland, ureter, urinary
bladder kidney and urethra.
A

10. Describe how urine is formed in the nephron through filtration ,reabsorption and secretion.
11. Explain the steps involved in the process of urine formation.
12. Distinguish between
IV

(i) Uricotelism and Ureotelism


(ii) Sebum and sweat
(iii) Proximal and distal convoluted tubules
SR

(iv) Ascending and descending limbs of Henle's loop


(v) Cortical and Medullary nephrons.
13. Explain the function of different tubules of nephron.
14. Explain the process of reabsorption and secretion of major substances at Different parts of nephron with the help of
schematic diagram.
15. Explain the steps involved in hemodialysis
16. Describe the role of different segments of nephrons.
17. Mention the role of
(i) Marpighian Corpuscle
(ii) Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT)
(iii) Henle’s loop
(iv) Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT)
(v) Collecting duct

DR. ATIN KUMAR SRIVASTAVA Page 1


EXCRETORY PRODUCT AND THEIR ELIMINATION

18. What are the uses of different segments of nephron in excretory system ?
19. Explain the ‘counter current mechanism’.
20. Describe the role of Henle’s Loop and Vasa recta in Counter current mechanism .
21. Describe, how the Henle’s Loop and Vasa recta does help in concentrating the urine ?

R
SI
VA
A
ST
A
IV
SR

DR. ATIN KUMAR SRIVASTAVA Page 2


EXCRETORY PRODUCT AND THEIR ELIMINATION

R
SI
VA
A
ST
A
IV
SR

DR. ATIN KUMAR SRIVASTAVA Page 3


EXCRETORY PRODUCT AND THEIR ELIMINATION

ANSWER KEY

R
SI
VA
A
ST
A
IV
SR

DR. ATIN KUMAR SRIVASTAVA Page 4


EXCRETORY PRODUCT AND THEIR ELIMINATION

R
SI
VA
A
ST
A
IV
SR

DR. ATIN KUMAR SRIVASTAVA Page 5


EXCRETORY PRODUCT AND THEIR ELIMINATION

R
SI
VA
A
ST
A
IV
SR

DR. ATIN KUMAR SRIVASTAVA Page 6


EXCRETORY PRODUCT AND THEIR ELIMINATION

R
SI
VA
A
ST
A
IV
SR

DR. ATIN KUMAR SRIVASTAVA Page 7


EXCRETORY PRODUCT AND THEIR ELIMINATION

R
SI
VA
A
ST
A
IV
SR

DR. ATIN KUMAR SRIVASTAVA Page 8