You are on page 1of 37

Writing Essays

1. Do you think consumers should avoid over packaged products or is it the responsibility of
producers? (287 words)
Packaging is necessary to retain quality and maintain safety of the product. Sometimes the product
with excessive package is a quite unnecessary to customers as well as manufacturers. Some people
think that consumers should not support this by avoiding the purchase of over packaged products,
while others argue that product manufacturers should take a step by reducing the package volume.
I am inclined to believe that this excess packaging of the product should be stopped at producer
level. The following paragraphs will analyze its disadvantages and suggest other best possible
solution.

First of all, people expect some products like snacks should be less packed or unpacked. So that
can be consumed on the move easily. But most of the food products are packed in plastic wrappers
and cardboard sheets, which people will litter on the streets and cause environmental pollution.
For instance, McDonalds is the first company, introduced over packaging food products with
plastic wrappers and covers and encouraged people to eat on the go.

Second of all, manufacturing companies are reducing the quantity and quality of the products by
increasing the packaging materials to survive in this competitive market. Consequently, packaging
material manufacturers are making more profit by introducing advanced packaging materials.
Instead, the product producers should invest in improving the quality of the products. For
example, Amazon online delivery products are packed with multi layers of heavy plastic materials
which are discarded and sent to landfills.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that over packaging of the products
does not add any value and the producers should avoid it by investing more to enhance the quality.
Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and avoid over packaged
products.
2. Do you think extreme sports are good or should be avoided? (273 words)

Extreme sports or adventurous sports such as skiing, sky-diving, mountain biking, rock climbing,
parachuting, bungee-jumping and scuba-diving have become popular activities today. Some
people think that they are good sports, thrilling and boosting their mental health, while others
argue that they are very dangerous and harmful. I am inclined to believe that these sports are in
fact dangerous and they should not be promoted. The following paragraphs will analyze their
disadvantages and suggest other better sports for people to participate.

First of all, though the extreme sports help to build confidence, motivation, fulfillment and happy
and also to get rid of frustration, stress and other bad emotions, they are quite perilous and risky to
human life. These kinds of sports have always chances of fatal accidents that will happen. Also
family, relatives and friends worry about us and our safety. For instance, Formula One world
champion Michael Schumacher met with an accident while skiing and is still suffering from
serious head injury.

Second of all, there are a variety of other forms of sports that are just as exhilarating and
interesting as extreme sports for people to play. They are not only safer but also bring a feeling of
relaxation and entertainment to players. For example, sports such as tennis, football, volleyball
and cricket are tremendously fun, good to physical health and also safe.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that extreme sports are extremely
dangerous and should not be recommended to people to participate. Further, it is expected that the
people make cognizance of the fact and the governments must create awareness to educate people
about the disadvantages of extreme sports.
3. Many people think that regions affect successful person. What is your opinion about
native region and accomplished person’s influence on the region he belongs to? (286 words)

Certain aspects in our life will influence our success. One of the aspects is native region where we
born and brought up. Some people think that native region plays a significant role in development
of traits such as leadership and social skills, while others argue that it is not much important when
it is compared with individual's will-power and intelligence. I am inclined to believe that the
native environment in fact affects our thoughts and behaviors. The following paragraphs will
analyze its impacts and suggest the best and positive factors in native environment that helps to
success.

First of all, the people with whom we spend most of our time in native environment will
determine our attitudes and characters. Our communication with them will significantly affect our
thoughts and actions. For instance, if we live around the people who are active and more focused
toward their goals of life, we will be motivated to be more focused towards our goals and
objectives. But if we are hang around with people who are lazy and have bad habits, we will
become more likely lazy, without vision in life and have bad habits.

Second of all, the important incident happened in native environment will influence a person’s
traits. For example, Mahatma Gandhi a famous Indian national leader was deeply influenced by
virtue of telling the truth when he watched the play of Harishchandra in his childhood.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that native environment is indeed first
and foremost influencing factor in our life for our achievements. Further, it is expected that the
people make cognizance of the fact and they should thank and be proud of their native
environment for every success in life.
4. Roles of governments, companies and individuals to combat climate change/global
warming (297 words)
Global climate change is a major threatening issue affecting all aspects of our life in the world.
Some people think that this is due to failure in government and company policies, while others
argue that the lack of concern by individuals. I am inclined to believe that governments, private
organizations and individuals are collectively responsible and should take an effort to solve this
global issue. The following paragraphs will analyze the impacts of natural disasters and suggest
the measures to curb them.

First of all, global warming is a result of human activity. Every single person should contribute in
the process of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. For instance, using cycles, carpooling or public
transport instead of private vehicles will gradually reduce the carbon gas emission in air.
Additionally, replacing plastic bags by using cloth bags and reducing gas and electricity
consumptions by installing solar energy generation systems will significantly minimize their
carbon footprint on the earth.

Second of all, it is undeniable that the industries and government bodies are taking necessary steps
to protect the environment. But they should ensure the regulations are properly enforced.
Moreover, they should get help from international bodies to tackle this global warming. For
example, World Bank has announced in global climate change conference at Paris that it would
spend 28% of its investment directly on climate change projects such as constructing renewable
energy sources, green transport systems and smart agriculture systems.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the roles of individual, corporate
and governments are equally important to combat this issue. Further, it is expected that the people
make cognizance of the fact and they should start implementing simple changes in their lives to
make this world a best place to live for their posterities.
5. The mass media, including TV, radio and newspapers, have great influence in our lives.
What is your opinion? (298 words)
Mass media is playing significant role in our society. Earlier newspaper was the only source of
mass media, but now the mass communication media such as TV, radio and newspaper are highly
equipped with information technology that has accelerated its speed. Some people think that they
have strong effect in forming people’s thinking, while others argue that communication through
these media can be ignored and are just waste of our time and energy. I am inclined to believe that
the mass media has vital role in our life by updating important information and becoming a source
of entertainment. The following paragraphs will analyze the impacts of mass media and suggest
how these impacts can be utilized effectively.

First of all, people can gather news of science, economy, environment and politics from any
corner of the world immediately through mass media and potential information help them to
develop their knowledge and wealth. For example, the investors and shareholders in share market
are relying on suggestions given by international trade analysts on TV to decide about their
investment. Politicians are using mass communication media for their election campaigns to make
people cast their vote in favor of them.

Second of all, it is undeniable that the TV and radio programs provide good company and
entertainment to people who do not work like housewives and retired people. For example, the
advertisement programs in mass media help them to choose the best option in their lives and
serials and dramas provide fun and relaxation to senior citizens.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that people’s life today is
tremendously affected by mass media. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of
the fact and they should use mass media for the positive impact in their lives.
6. Company’s top level authorities should get their employees in decision making process.
Discuss. (298 words)
Decision making and changing policies in a company are crucial part and only senior executives
are allowed to do that. Deploying employees in decision making can be risky. Some people think
that employees should be utilized to do what they are initially hired to do, while others argue that
the employees should be included in decision making process. I am inclined to believe that direct
involvement of employees in decision making will have negative consequences and will bring
down the company business. The following paragraphs will analyze the impacts of allowing
employees in decision making process and suggest how the senior management can take
employees’ views and ideas in decision making.

First of all, though the employees are more in numbers in comparison with top level management
people and are playing active role in achieving company’s goals and objectives, they cannot be
allowed to get rights in policies and decision making. For instance, many industries are facing
problems and struggling to run successfully because of employee unions which influence the
management to change the policies.

Second of all, due to less experience, there is a likelihood of misusing company policies and
employees can take the decisions for their personal benefits that may damage company’s
reputation. However their contribution to management in a form of ideas and opinions can be
taken to consider in decision making. For example, many corporate companies conduct surveys
among employees to get their suggestions before taking any policy change.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the involvement of higher
authorities in decision making process and employees’ help to decision makers will definitely
keep the organization as a shooting star in the market. Further, it is expected that the people make
cognizance of the fact and they should work for organizational growth.
7. Some people think law changes our behavior. Discuss. (285 words)
Law means a body of rules and regulations used by the government to ensure peace and harmony
among people. The functions of law vary for different societies or countries. Some people think
that strictly and continuously following the law will become a habit and affect behavior of people,
while others argue that it is mandatory and helps in smooth functioning of the government by
controlling the behavior of people. I am inclined to believe that it assists the government by
controlling and eliminating bad attitudes and activities of people to create a disciplined
environment. The following paragraphs will analyze the good impacts of imposing laws to change
people’s behavior and suggest the people should have awareness about the benefits and useful
implications of following them.

First of all, we follow rules in a fear of punishments without even realizing their benefits. For
instance, wearing helmet or wearing seatbelt while driving vehicles and obeying traffic signals are
made compulsory by the government. Though we know very well that these traffic laws are
important to protect and save our lives from accidents, we started following obediently, after fines
were introduced for breaking these laws.

Second of all, some people without moral responsibility can be controlled only by imposing strict
punishments. For example, illegal activities such as damaging public properties, theft and
threatening to public lives should be brought under criminal laws with strong punishments.
Otherwise, their behaviors cannot be regulated and eliminated.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the laws with punishments are
strongly believed to change behavior of people. Further, it is expected that the people make
cognizance of the fact and they should obey the laws for smooth functioning of the society.
8. The environment we live in is in danger due to various problems. What are the underlying
causes? Who is responsible to combat this? What measures? (287 words)

A clean habit and disciplined environment make people live pleasant life. It is undeniable that the
environment is an important factor that influences our thoughts and behaviors. But the society we
live in is in danger now due to many issues. The following paragraphs will analyze the problems
and causes and suggest the measures to take to rectify them to turn our environment with peace
and clean.

First of all, the younger generations are susceptible to have bad habits because of there is no strict
rules and regulations with strong punishments. For instance, though there is a law prohibiting
smoking in public places, we can see many people smoking in public areas. This causes school
children and college students start smoking without knowing the perils of bad habits. Furthermore,
the youngsters will think that they have autonomy to change the society that will damage the
reputation of the society.

Second of all, the fast moving lifestyles and busy schedules make us forgetting about our health.
For example, we live in a modern world that has a culture of eating fast food, unhealthy food and
living in polluted environment. Due to this, the chronic diseases such as cancer, heart attack and
diabetes increase. We should spend valuable time in our life to think about our health and
environment and should come forward to put into actions to have a healthy and clean
environmental life.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that we are responsible for these
unfortunates. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and collectively
they should take steps to eliminate them by enforcing strict laws with strong punishments and
encouraging others to following them for their betterments in life.
9. In education system, assessment through formal written examination still valid? (298
words)

Students can be evaluated using different methods such as writing exams, presenting projects and
practical works. Some people think that the written examination is a valid method to assess
whether the student is eminently prepared for future career, while others argue that the student
should have knowledge and skill to apply in the field which comes through practical works and
projects. I am inclined to believe that the written examination system is only valid system to test
student’s ability and knowledge. The following paragraphs will analyze the values of written
examination and suggest its importance in education system.

First of all, nobody can help students in writing exams. So the marks attained in these exams help
the teacher to know student’s intelligence, grasping power, understanding and writing skill.
Furthermore, this system provides information to both teacher and student about where the student
is weak and what kind of approach should be taken. Based on that, extra classes can be arranged
for weak students. For instance, many international universities give high priority written
examination system.

Second of all, many parents often help their children to complete the homework and it has become
a tendency to students to depend on others to finish their assignments that causes them to copy
from fellow students sometimes. So the students will not care about knowledge of subjects.
Finally a glut of graduates through this system will struggle to find jobs that will hamper the
growth of the society.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that written examination is the only
best way to assess student’s strength and weakness and help the student to improve from
shortcomings. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and should
support the importance of written examination method in the education system.
10. Large shopping malls are replacing small shops. Your opinion? Good or bad (291 words)
Today we are living in a modern world and shopping has become essential activity in our life. In
this fast moving lifestyle, many people prefer shopping in large malls than in small shops. Some
people think that the mall culture should replace small shops, while others argue that the small
shops are important and we should not encourage mall culture diminishing small shops. I am
inclined to believe that a big shopping mall has many facilities and options than small shops. The
following paragraphs will analyze the advantages of shopping malls and suggest its necessity to
people.

First of all, purchasing everything under one roof with all facilities is one of the major features
particularly in cities for people who go for shopping. Additionally, it saves time, energy and
money to busy people. For instance, a large shopping mall has garments, groceries, banks,
pharmacies, cinemas, food courts, and restaurants and this establishment makes people feel more
comfortable. Furthermore, it provides large parking spaces, lavatories, air-conditioning, and
entertainment areas which make them much more desirable than small shops.

Second of all, it is undeniable and proven that mall culture is good for economy as it can generate
more employment opportunities than small shops. For example, a big shopping mall with many
shops have helpdesk people, salespersons, marketing executives, housekeeping employees,
electricians, plumbers, event management employees, security officials, drivers, store keepers and
managers. Conversely the small shop has limited job opportunities.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that a large shopping mall has lot of
benefits than small shops. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and
should support the mall culture which helps to improve our country economy.
11. Nowadays, people spend too much time at work to the extent that they hardly have time
for their personal life. Discuss. (297 words)
In this modern and competitive world, people are always busy at their work and forgetting their
families. Some people think that they have born to work and have no time to relax, while others
argue that personal life is important than work. I am inclined to believe that people should spend
some time for their personal life and they should know the concept of work-life balance. The
following paragraphs will analyze the impacts of being workaholic and suggest the people should
take a break in work and spend some time with their family.

First of all, if we work for longtime, it will create negative implications in our physical and mental
health. Many people think that spending more time at work will show them that they are hard
workers. Nevertheless this will cause not only stress, fatigue, frustration, body pain and other
health issues, but also relationship break in personal life. For instance, more than 20% of divorce
cases filed in family courts by partners are due to they do not find time to spend each other in this
fast moving lifestyle.

Second of all, in personal life, wife and then kids require love and care. It is highly unfair for a
person who does not give time and attention to his spouse and children and spends more time at
work. Nonetheless, many people think that working hard and earning more money is the only way
to become successful in life. For example, if we walk on the streets with lot of IT firms and
accountancy companies after 10 PM, we can see the windows of these companies are always
lighting.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view of an adage that a person who chased
two rabbits would catch none. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the
concept of work-life balance and spend some time for their personal life.
12. It is foolish to get married before completing your studies and getting established in a
good job. Do you agree or disagree? (281 words)
In this modern and competitive world, people are always striving to make an excellent career to
become a prominent part of our society. Once the career is stable then to live a happy married life
will be easier because most of the necessities will be covered which require money. Some people
think that getting married during studies is beneficial because that supports studies and establishes
a healthy career, while others argue that married life to student is a hindrance to studies. I am
inclined to believe that it is beneficial to complete studies and have a steady job before getting
married. The following paragraphs will analyze the cons of getting married before finishing
academic life and suggest to get marry after studies to become an eminent person among others.

First of all, getting married during academic life is difficult to concentrate on studies. Marriage
adds additional responsibilities, which cannot be avoided. For instance, in married life, wife and
then kids require love and care. It is highly unfair for a person who does not give time and
attention to his spouse and children and looks forward for his academic development.

Second of all, married life prohibits the earlier development of career which requires a person has
to travel to different locations. For example, if the spouse and kids are dependent, it will be tough
to be flexible to cater to the demands of workplace.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view of an adage that a person who chased
two rabbits would catch none. Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact
and must first settle in their career life before marriage to become eminent person among others.
13. Talk about the pros and cons of this era as it is full of daily inventions (278 words)

Our ancestors are believed to have lived their lives under the control of nature. Now technology is
driving our life. It is playing pivotal role in shaping our life. Some people think that life updated
with inventions is more comfortable, while others argue that pitfalls of these inventions will bring
misery. I am inclined to believe that our sophisticated life by daily inventions will become
miserable. The following paragraphs will analyze the pros and cons of new inventions and suggest
that our life should have more control in our hand than fully depending on technologies.

First of all, people's life today has been tremendously affected by computer. Computer is used in
every aspect of human life from reading newspapers, booking tickets, purchasing favorite
products to automation in industries. Nevertheless, looking at other side, there has been rise in
cybercrimes such as hacking, copyright infringement and financial fraud. For instance, companies
such as eBay, Target, and Sony had faced huge drop in sales due to cyber-attacks in their business.

Second of all, the introduction of new cost efficient farming methods in agriculture have replaced
dozens of human workers and yielded high production. Nonetheless, the negative side effects of
adapting these techniques have resulted in environmental pollution and extinction of ecosystems.
For example, due to usage of highly contaminated chemical fertilizers in soil the underground
water is heavily polluted.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that though new inventions are
essential for certain activities, depending on them for everyday life will put us at a considerable
risk. Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and use them eminently for
their betterments in life.
14. Any recent invention that you think proved beneficial or detrimental to society (296
words)

Our ancestors are believed to have lived their lives under the control of nature. Now computer
technology is driving our life. It is playing pivotal role in shaping our life. Some people think that
life updated with computer is more comfortable, while others argue that pitfalls of this invention
will bring misery. I am inclined to believe that our sophisticated life by the influence of computer
will become miserable. The following paragraphs will analyze the pros and cons of computer and
suggest that our life should have more control in our hand than fully depending on it.

First of all, people's life today has been tremendously affected by computer. Computer is used in
every aspect of human life from reading newspaper, booking tickets, purchasing favourite
products to automation in industries. Nevertheless, looking at other side, there has been rise in
cybercrimes such as hacking, copyright infringement and financial fraud. For instance, companies
such as eBay, Target, and Sony had faced huge drop in sales due to cyber-attacks in their business.

Second of all, this machine automates the process and replaces dozens of human work. Thus
makes companies think economically of reducing manual works. Consequently this will lead to
unemployment and a glut of graduates will be unable to find their jobs which will hamper the
growth of the society. For example, modernization in agriculture sector has made many people
migrate to nearby cities for their employment and caused increase in crime rates in those cities.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that though computer is an essential
for certain activities, depending on it for everyday life will put us at a considerable risk. Further it
is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and use computer eminently for their
betterments in life.
15. Imitating celebrities in sports & movies good or bad (290 words)

Hero worship is in our blood. There is no doubt celebrities are more famous for their glamour and
wealth rather than their personal achievement. Some people think that following heroes blindly
will lead to bad effect, while others argue that the real outstanding performance of celebrities
should be looked than their lavish lifestyles. I am inclined to believe that some of them reached
great achievements due to their hard work and effort. The following paragraphs will analyze the
good and bad of copying celebrities and suggest that people should follow them by looking their
professional achievements.

First of all, many famous people have become popular due to their fancy and wasteful lifestyles.
In fact their performance is below the average. But they will attract people by showing their
wealth and glamorous lifestyles. For instance, Kim Kardashian is famous for her reality show,
where as it mostly shows her luxurious parties and garments and less of her acting.

Second of all, there are some super heroes who have become popular by their incredible and
excellent performance. These people have shown to the world that they have reached the top of
the success by dint of strong determination, dedication, diligence and hard work. For example, the
legendary England football team captain David Beckham said in his biography that though he had
faced hardship in his childhood, he became good admiring player only by his consistent hard
work.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that though some celebrities are
misleading people by showing their lavish lifestyles, there are some star performers who have
become famous by their hard work. Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the
fact and choose their role model based on the real performance.
16. In the past 100 years there have been many inventions such as antibiotics airplanes and
computers. What are the greatest inventions of the 20th century among medicine, aero plane
and computers, why? (292 words)

In this modern world our life has been changed rapidly for centuries by many inventions. Some
people think that airplane is a great invention which changed our life, while others argue that
antibiotics in medical research are the best invention. I am inclined to believe that the advent of
computer is the most revolutionary invention than others. The following paragraphs will analyze
its advantages and suggest that computer is the most important invention in the world.

First of all, people's life today has been tremendously changed by computer. Computer is used in
every aspect of human life. For instance, earlier people used to go to market to buy newspaper,
groceries, vegetables and garments. Now they can buy using computer from their home itself.
Moreover, they can use computer to consult with doctors and lawyers without visiting their
workplaces. People can communicate with their friends and relatives who live in other part of the
world through online chatting and video conferencing in computer. Sometimes it can be used by
children to play games and watch movies.

Second of all, computers are used in many fields such as medical research, aerospace, education,
banking, defense and entertainment. For example, the invention of antibiotics in medical research
was done eminently using computers. Airline companies and air traffic control systems are using
computers to monitor and guide the airplane. Computers are used to launch and control satellites
and missiles in defense sector. Students can attain international degrees by connecting to foreign
universities through computer and learn the courses.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that computers are the greatest
invention of all time. Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact that a life
without computers is like a rose without petals.
17. Learning a new language at an early age is helpful for children. Is it more positive for
their future aspect or have some adverse effects. Agree or disagree? (286 words)

In this modern and competitive world, everybody should have extra skills. Learning new language
at an early age is surely helpful. Some people think that knowing extra language at initial stage
has a greater advantage, while others argue that foreign language should be taught to children at
elder stage. I am inclined to believe that primary school is the best place for learning another
language than secondary school. The following paragraphs will analyze the advantages of learning
foreign language at primary level and suggest the importance of enhancing children's language
abilities at an early age.

First of all, the subjects taught at primary school are remembered for long time by children. So it
is an ideal stage to learn a new language, which can be remembered for long time. For instance,
many people still remember the rhymes and stories learnt at childhood. However, people tend to
forget the lessons taught at secondary school.

Second of all, though it is undeniable that knowing foreign language opens door for new career
opportunities and also provides some economic benefits, learning extra language at secondary
level is undue burden to students. Students should concentrate more on mathematics and science
subjects to decide their future career at secondary school level. For example, students can choose
their course to become a doctor or an engineer based on the grade in subjects and learning
language at this stage is a hindrance.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that learning a new language at
primary level is better than secondary level for their future aspect. Further, it is expected that the
people make cognizance of the fact and they will help their children to enhance language abilities
at primary level.
18. In under developed countries, tourism has disadvantages and can be said the opposite as
well. (286 words)

Tourism means visiting different places for leisure, relaxation, fun and enjoyment. Nowadays
tourism is a crucial industry, particularly, in under developed countries. Some people think that
tourism in underdeveloped countries has many disadvantages, while others argue that there are
more advantages. I am inclined to believe that tourism industry brings significant benefits to under
developed nations. The following paragraphs will analyze its advantages and suggest the
importance of this industry to those nations.

First of all, tourism helps to boost the economy in terms of development of infrastructure and
employment. Every country wants to become economically stronger. As under developed
country's economy is not much stronger as compared with developed nations, their tourism can
support to boost their economy. The visits of tourists from different countries will increase the
flow of money by foreign exchange and need of infrastructure development such as hotels,
restaurants, transport and entertainment. This results in a considerable number of jobs being
created for people. For instance, In Nepal, the largest industry is tourism, which is the source of
main revenue.

Second of all, tourism industry is called a green industry, unlike other industries, generates low
level of pollution. Moreover, it influences local people to learn foreign languages and cultures. For
example, in many countries, tourism industry requires to keep clean for attracting more foreign
nationals. Further, in order to help tourists, local people have become guides by learning their
languages and cultures.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that tourism is the most important
industry in under developed countries to boost economy and environment. Further, it is expected
that the people make cognizance of the fact that tourism has more advantages in under developed
nations.
19. Communication has changed significantly in the last 10 years. Discuss pros and cons.
(282 words)

Ancient people used stones, birds and animals as medium of communication. But in this modern
world, it is obvious fact that the advent of information technology has changed the way of
communication among people. The types of communication have been affected tremendously in
the last decade. Some people think that the new technologies and innovations have improved the
communication positively, while others argue that the way of communication nowadays we have
had negative influences in our life. This essay will elaborate on both ideas and come to a logical
conclusion.

On one hand, people had used frequently social gatherings to meet their friends, relatives and
neighbors. Postal and telegram services had been used for business communication. Thanks to
modern techniques which have enabled people to interact with each other and share information
quickly and efficiently. For instance, different ways of communication such as online chatting,
sharing text messages, emails and video conferencing in social and business life have enhanced
the quality and effectiveness in communication.

On the other hand, due to the increased use of mobile phones and social networks, there is a
significant reduction in direct or face to face interactions among people that have negatively
affected the quality of human relationships. For example, it has become a modern day tendency
among young people to make friends online without seeing them really. This virtual relationship is
poor substitute for real friendship.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that communication among people has
been changed both positively and negatively in the last 10 years with the advent of advanced
technologies. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and use
technologies to communicate in correct way.
20. Self-motivation & self-practice helps to achieve success or class room training will help to
success (256 words)

Self-motivation and self-practice are more powerful drivers of learning and achievement. Some
people think that in this competitive world, these qualities are important factors to become
successful in education, while others argue that the class room training is enough to put solid
foundation for success. I am inclined to believe that the self-motivation and perseverance play
vital role in student's long term success and productivity. The following paragraphs will analyze
their impacts and suggest their importance in education system.

First of all, many children are naturally reluctant to learn. Earlier, punishment based discipline
system and later reward based extrinsic motivation were used to overcome this. However, these
systems failed to promote deeper or meta-level learning. Once the prize has been achieved,
students will no longer retain the knowledge. Therefore intrinsic motivation is required to create a
genuine interest in the goal. For instance, a research conducted in the Netherlands suggested that
self-motivated students work to higher standards than others.

Second of all, though academic training helps to understand basic principles and practices, it
limits students to think out of box. Conversely self-practice helps to learn many things and opens
door to imagination and creativity. For example, though Thomas Alva Edison was a school
dropout person, he invented electric bulb by dint of strong perseverance and reflective practice.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that self-motivation and self-practice
are essential to achieve success in education. Further, it is expected that the people make
cognizance of the fact and support the intrinsic motivation and reflective practice.
21. The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education-Einstein. What does he
mean by that? and do you think he is correct? (298 words)

Education is to acquire knowledge, skills, habits, values and beliefs. Albert Einstein mentioned
that the education had restricted him to think out of box, while others argue that Einstein was
exceptional and education is necessary to have basic knowledge to survive in this world. I am
inclined to believe that the education is about molding the future of each individual. The following
paragraphs will analyze the impacts of education and suggest the necessity of having basic
education in our life.

First of all, since historical time the scope of education was confined to learn and understand from
textbooks. This limited the doors of imagination and creativity. So the genius student went out of
this formally designed pattern and developed his thought process through imagination and
practical experience. For instance, Albert Einstein, Henry Ford and Thomas Alva Edison were
school dropouts, but excel in their life with many inventions and discoveries.

Second of all, although it is undeniable the education was hindrance for genius to reach maximum
potential, we cannot expect that all students would be as capable as Einstein. So it is really
essential to go to school to learn and understand basic principles and practices. Furthermore, the
education has undergone a lot of changes now in order to enhance cognitive abilities of the
students. For example, in Stanford University, usually a mentor is assigned to few students, who
would not interfere in the learning process of the students and merely assist them by sharing their
experiences.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the present education system has
evolved from its traditional approach. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of
the fact and use this education system to bring the best of talents to the world.
22. The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those
who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn. Agree or disagree? (298 words)

Today we are living in a competitive world where the changes occur rapidly with help of
advanced technologies. So it has become necessary to adapt new skills and dump the obsolete.
Some people think that the knowledge acquired through the formal education is enough to survive
in the world, while others argue that it is mandatory to continuously update our knowledge to pace
with evolution. I am inclined to believe that upgrading our skills with this changing environment
will keep us in a prominent part of the society. The following paragraphs will analyze the
importance of streamlining the knowledge and suggest the new definition of literacy is open to
learn, unlearn and relearn.

First of all, the new smart systems introduced in many fields have replaced manpower with
machines and as a customer we should learn to use it. Otherwise we will be literally disconnected.
For instance, the introduction of electronic voting machine has forced us to learn how to cast our
votes. Many banks have replaced their customer care service people with online service desk
which should be known properly by customer to get service.

Second of all, many industries are upgrading the technologies to new versions to survive in this
competitive market. If we are relying on these, we need to continuously keep learning. For
example, earlier we used email to keep in touch with our friends and extended families. But now it
has evolved to Facebook and whatsapp. In future, many jobs in transportation, manufacturing and
agriculture will be replaced by robots and artificial intelligence.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that change is always constant and
embracing the change is the mantra of life. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance
of the fact and open to learn, unlearn and relearn.
23. Which is major threat? (285 words)

Global climate change is the major threatening issue in this world. Some people think that the
global terrorism is an important issue and the world countries should counter it, while others argue
that the global warming is a global alarming issue to all living things in the planet. I am inclined to
believe that the global warming is the most dangerous problem than others. The following
paragraphs will analyze the root causes and impacts and suggest the measures to curb this issue.

First of all, global climate change is result of human activity. The use of fossil fuels in vehicles
and industries results the greenhouse gas emission which increases the global temperature. So the
polar ice caps are melting due to the high temperature and that triggers natural calamities such as
heavy rainfalls, severe floods and droughts. For example, heavy droughts and sea level increase
are the primary reasons for the agriculture production decrease in Australia.

Second of all, the global warming has disrupted the terrestrial ecosystems and many species are in
danger of extinction. For example, the extinction of mosaic tailed rat in Australia is a potential
loss to our environment. Further, the polar bear and giant panda are listed endangered species.
Already the scientists have warned that Australia’s biodiversity will be greatly affected by global
warming in future.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the global warming poses serious
threat in this planet. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and they
should avoid plastic, implement renewable energy sources and green transport systems to
significantly minimize their carbon footprints and make this world a best place to live for their
posterity.
24. Parents should be held legally responsible for their children’s acts. What is your
opinion? Support it with personal examples. (295 words)

Parenting is a vital role in molding the behaviors of the children. Sometimes kids behave in an
unacceptable and unpredictable manner which they might have learnt from their parents. Some
people think that parents are responsible for their children’s behaviors, while others argue that
parents cannot take responsibility for their children’s attitudes. I am inclined to believe that
parents should be held legally responsible for their children’s acts. The following paragraphs will
analyze the impacts of kids’ behaviors and suggest the importance of parent’s role in raising their
children.

First of all, children are like a sponge, they absorb and imitate everything they observe. Further,
they spend more time with their parents in childhood. So mostly they learn language, culture and
manners by observing their parents. If parents are having faith and good habits, their children will
become more likely with vision in life and have good habits. For instance, after Thomas Alva
Edison’s school teacher called him mentally ill in a letter, Edison’s mother hid the letter from the
young inventor and homeschooled him so that he could reach his full potential.

Second of all, a responsible parenting involves not only taking care of children's basic needs but
also teaching social behavior and discipline to them. Furthermore, parents should take
accountability for the damages caused by their children in the society. For example, the leading
actor Jackie Chan had taken responsibility for his son's drug use and apologized to public on
behalf of him by telling that he failed to be a good father.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the parents are solely and legally
responsible for their children’s act. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the
fact and teach their children good values and moral responsibilities.
25. Discuss both sides of Space travel vs. current crucial problems faced by human?

Every year, many countries spend billions of dollars for space research. While this research has
some hope for the involved scientists, the huge investment in such research is highly questionable,
especially in developing and underdeveloped countries. Some people think that it is unnecessary
to spend money in space research than dealing with crucial problems such as overpopulation,
while others argue that the space research has benefited the society lot. This essay will elaborate
on both ideas and come to a logical conclusion.

On one hand, space research brings knowledge, discoveries and improvements in our daily life. It
helped tremendously in weather forecasting, education and security of the country. Further the
space explorations are being conducted by many countries to research and find the possibility of
extra-terrestrial species and natural resources in other planets. For instance, NASA has found the
evidence of water in Mars and it is conducting further research on it.

On the other hand, people in some countries are still facing crucial problems like overpopulation,
lack of food, clean water and electricity. Instead of spending more money in space travel, the
developed countries should think morally and ethically to help under developed countries. For
example, many people in African countries are suffering from Ebola virus infection, drought and
terrorism and lot of innocent people are dying every year. If US government decides to spend
money to help, these devastating problems can be eradicated soon.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the over spending of tax payers’
money to space travel will not improve the quality of human life. Further, it is expected that the
people make cognizance of the fact and urge their government to focus several more urgent issues
that need to be funded.
26. Education is only for individual achievements, but some says build a good person to the
society (295 words)

Education is to acquire knowledge, skills, habits, values and beliefs. It is necessary to have basic
knowledge in this world. Some people think that education is mandatory for individual success,
while others argue that it is important to learn moral values and become a good person to the
society. I am inclined to believe that education is basic need of individual’s life and it is much
important for economic and social development of the society. The following paragraphs will
analyze the benefits of education and suggest the importance of educated citizens to the society.

First of all, education provides more economic benefits. Well-educated citizens are better
equipped for significant economic production. Employers expect more educated and talented
people to take key roles. Better organizational performance leads to stable employment and
income that flows back into the community. Stable home prices and a stable business system are
other economic benefits. For instance, most developing countries are struggling with high
unemployment and are trying to create new jobs to improve their economy.

Second of all, education provides many social benefits. It teaches us moral values, which is
required at each and every step of our life. It improves our ability to build successful relationships
and cultivate effective parenting skills. It creates awareness of having social and environmental
responsibilities that minimizes crime risks in communities. For example, the South African
government has conducted a study in developed nations and is planning to implement free
education to reduce the high crime rate in the country.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that education is not only essential for
individual achievement but also create a better community. Further, it is expected that the people
make cognizance of the fact and have good education for the betterment of the society.
27. You are given climate as the field of study. Which area will you prefer? Explain why you
picked up the particular area for your study? (277 words)

Global climate change is a major threatening issue affecting all aspects of our life in the world.
Therefore, if I was given climate as my field of study, I would like to study the reasons for global
climate change issue and solutions to curb them.

First of all, there is a reason for choosing this particular area of study. The global temperature
continuously increasing and we have been experiencing the hottest climate throughout the year.
Due to the rise in temperature, millions of people are at risk of heavy rainfalls, severe floods,
hazardous air pollution, drinking water shortages and droughts. Global warming has disrupted the
terrestrial ecosystems and many species are in danger of extinction. For example, the extinction of
mosaic tailed rat in Australia is a potential loss to our environment. Because of above mentioned
reasons, the issues of climate change must be addressed with a sense of urgency.

Second of all, global warming is a result of human activity. Every single person should contribute
in the process of reducing the greenhouse gas emission. For instance, using cycles, car-pooling
and public transport instead of private vehicles will gradually reduce the carbon gas emission in
air. Further, replacing plastic bags by using cloth bags and minimizing gas and electricity
consumption by installing solar energy generation systems will significantly decrease their carbon
footprints in the earth.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the roles of individuals are
important to combat this global issue. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of
the fact and should start implementing simple changes in their lives to make this world a better
place to live for their posterities.
28. Nowadays TV has become an essential part of life. Medium to spread news, education &
awareness and for some it acts like a companion. What is your opinion about this? (290
words)

Television is a mass communication media and is playing significant role in our society. Earlier
newspaper and radio were the only source of mass media, but now the mass media TV is equipped
with information technology that has accelerated its speed. Some people think that it has strong
effect in forming people’s thinking, while others argue that the communication through this media
can be ignored and just waste of our time and energy. I am inclined to believe that TV is playing
vital role in our life by updating important information and becoming a source of entertainment.
The following paragraphs will analyze the impacts of this media and suggest how these impacts
can be utilized effectively.

First of all, people can gather news of science, economy, environment and politics through TV
from any corner of the world immediately and the potential information help them to develop their
knowledge and wealth. For example, the investors and shareholders in share market are relying on
suggestions given by international trade analysts on TV to decide about their investment. The
politicians are using it for their election campaigns to make people cast their vote in favor of them.

Second of all, it is undeniable that the programs on TV provide good company and entertainment
to people who do not work like housewives and retired people. For example, the advertisement
programs help them to choose the best option in their lives and serials and dramas provide fun and
relaxation to senior citizens.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that people’s life today is
tremendously and positively affected by TV. Further, it is expected that the people make
cognizance of the fact and they should use TV for the positive impact in their lives.
29. Do you think English will remain to be a global despite globalization? (295 words)

In this information age, English is the most prevalent language around the world. It is the most
preferred language for communication by majority of people. Some people think that other
languages such as French, Chinese and Spanish also become popular, while others argue that
English is the only dominating international language. I am inclined to believe that English is a
universal language in this world. The following paragraphs will analyze the advantages of having
it as a common language and suggest that people should know English to become successful in
this competitive world.

First of all, due to globalization, people move to other countries for many reasons such as foreign
study or employment. Most of the developed nations use English as an official language. So
people should have proficiency in English to get an admission in universities or to get a better job.
For instance, English speaking countries such as Australia, New Zealand, the UK and the USA
prefer people should have proficiency level in internationally recognized English tests to get study
or work visa.

Second of all, in this competitive business world, people should be able to understand and speak
English fluently. Furthermore, to establish and develop the business, they meet foreign delegates
frequently where English is essential to communicate with them. For example, majority of
behemoths like Google, Coca Cola, McDonalds and Unilever established in English speaking
countries and operate internationally. To trade with them it is necessary to speak in their language
which is English.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that having English as a common
language has lot of benefits socially as well as economically. Further, it is expected that the people
make cognizance of the fact and accept English and globalization will always have a positive
correlation.
30. Marketing strategy for big companies should be placed on offer and discounts, and in
what ways this can impact on their reputation. (259 words)

In this competitive market, big companies provide offers and discounts on products as one of the
marketing strategy to compete with others. Some people think that this is a good way to increase
their business volume, while others argue that this method will definitely decline their business.
This essay will elaborate on both ideas and come to a logical conclusion.

On one hand, companies may provide discounts to customers due to a special season, moving out
old stock for arrival of new stocks or a business is going out of business. However, these discounts
can bring more customer base and keep the company as a shooting star in the market. For
instance, due to skyrocketing in sales by heavy discounting, the market value of Tesco in Britain
increased in 2012.

On the other hand, the price-cut unnecessarily reduces profits. More importantly, deep discounts
devalue the business by creating doubt on the quality of the product. Moreover, this may limit the
companies’ ability to raise prices as the customers may expect discounts all the time which is
impossible. Consequently the customers will move out and the business will automatically go
down. For example, due to heavy discounting, Flipkart in India faced huge loss in the market and
is struggling to raise fund.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that though offers and discounts
increase the sales, companies should also think of its reputation. Further, it is expected that the
people make cognizance of the fact and accept companies should have best strategies to retain
customers and reputation.
31. Competitive environment in school and university promote excellence. Agree or
disagree? (228 words)

Competition is good for children. It opens infinite possibilities to accomplish a task. Some people
think that it encourages a student to do the best, while others argue that it can destroy self-esteem
and lead to resentment. I am inclined to believe that competition inspires youth to excel in today’s
competitive world where they compete for everything be it a job, a partner or a house. The
following paragraphs will analyze the importance of competition in academic life and suggest its
necessity to create champions in the world.

First of all, competition makes students to be goal oriented and creative. These abilities prepare
them for future situation be it studying in college, seeking a promotion at work or achieving great
success. For instance, due to the competition with Russians in science and technology, Americans
had landed on the moon.

Second of all, competition promotes growth and advances the human civilization. As people
compete, they create and the whole world grows as a result. For example, the Cold War between 2
developed nations created some truly remarkable technologies such as faster jets, GPS and
internet.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that competitive spirit in studies keeps
students ready to accomplish their dreams and become number one. Further, it is expected that the
people make cognizance of the fact and promote competitive environment in school and
university.
32. Should developed nations bear a disproportionate part of the costs involved in fighting
Global warming?

Global climate change is a major threatening issue affecting all aspects of our life in the world.
Some people think that the developed nations should bear a greater responsibility for combating
climate change, while others argue that the developing states should take responsibilities to curb
them. I am inclined to believe that the developed and developing countries are responsible
collectively and should make efforts to solve this problem. The following paragraphs will analyze
the reasons for natural disasters and suggest the measures to curb them.

First of all, the industrial revolution is main reason for global warming. To boost the economy, the
developed countries and developing countries are increasing industries and that causes more
greenhouse gas emission in the atmosphere. So this global problem can only be successfully
combated if every country puts its efforts and resources fully behind resolving the crisis. For
instance, the UN’s Kyoto Protocol had failed due to it had principle that the developed countries
should reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and developing nations have no obligations.

Second of all, individuals should understand the importance of protect the environment and put
pressure to their government to ensure the regulations are properly enforced. Additionally, the
governments should get help from international bodies to tackle this global warming. As an
example, the World Bank has announced in the climate change conference at Paris that it would
spend 28% of its investment directly on climate change projects such as constructing renewable
energy sources, green transport systems and smart agriculture systems.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the developed and developing
nations equally important to resolve this crisis. Further, it is expected that the people make
cognizance of the fact and they should urge their nation to implement the changes to make this
world a best place to live for their posterity.
33- Animal rights are the most important. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages

The subject of animal rights is hotly debated and contested. Animal rights are the rights of animals
to live free from human exploitation and abuse. Some people opine that we should treat them with
mercy. Others gainsay that animals can only treated in favor to our needs and as part of the food
chain. I am inclined to believe that animals bring many advantages to the human life, but it does
not mean humans exploit animals. In the following paragraphs I will discuss both views and I will
suggest that animals’ use in our lives should be strictly controlled.
On the one hand, In favor of securing the same rights as humans, some claim that animals should
be treated in a moral and ethical way. For example, they require to stop slaughtering sheep and
cows, for instance, simply to provision eatable meat. They additionally argue that though animals
are driven by instinct rather by brain like humans, they still are living creatures and should enjoy
their lives in peace.
On the other hand, some people argue that animals are created to fulfill human needs. They have a
lot of benefits for human life. For instance, lab mice and monkeys are used in different researches
that helped in the inventions of many medications and vaccines. Further, they can provide human
nutrition. For example, fishes, crabs, lobsters, and meats are containing protein which is needed
for human health.
In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds both views regarding animal rights. Further, it
is important that people make cognizance of the fact and should spend more respect to these
creatures that enriched our life in many aspects.
34- Some say crime can be reduced by harsher punishments while others say it is by moral
teachings? Discuss both the views and give your opinion?

Behavioral insights into the most notorious criminals indicate that they seldom show any remorse,
even after the inappropriateness of their actions has been established. It suggests that they do not
believe their actions were unwanted. Some people opine that criminals must face strict
punishments
Others gainsay that crime can be reduced by moral teaching. I am inclined to believe that the
degree of punishment should be parallel to the criminal act. In the following paragraphs I will
discuss both aspects and suggest the best solutions.

On the one hand, those people who are prone to strict punishment argue that criminals are devoid
of the intrinsic belief in goodness. For example, people who undergo terrorist acts risking people's
lives. To such individuals, instead, the fear of the law might work better than the ‘good values’
taught through moral education.

On the other hand, others propose that many illegal actions cannot be treated with harsher
punishments like petty crimes and crimes of adolescents, instead, we can put them in other mean
of reformations. For instance, community services, fines, moral teaching in schools. This will help
to draw them out of the socially unwanted section of the community.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the views regarding crime reduction
Further, it is important that people make cognizance of the fact and promote moral values among
the society to reduce the increasing crimes.
35-Many people believe that social networking sites (such as Facebook) have a huge negative
impact on both individuals and society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?Give
reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or
experience.

Usages of social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google + etc. have
dramatically increased recently with the advancement of technology. Some people opine that they
have many detrimental effects on the society. Others gainsay that its positive side cannot be
neglected. I inclined to believe that technology has a significant contribution in bringing people
closer around the globe and also as a source of cheap and efficient communication.

First of all, Social networking sites play a pivotal role in mitigating communication gap not only
in the immediate social circle but also with friends and families in remote areas by sharing their
news and updates. For example, it is easy now for immigrant people to communicate and find
their friend and families which was very difficult before.

Second of all, Social networking sites provide a rapid and effective way of interaction among
people. Many social groups exist on such sites which help people to find persons of the same
interests and attitudes without confiding them to only geographical boundaries. For instance,
websites like Facebook helps to group people according to their attitudes and hobbies and put
them all in connection with each other.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the views regarding the benefit of social media.
Further, it is important that people make cognizance of the fact and should use these sites to their
benefits.
36- Cultural Shock is a new worrying concern for few immigrants. What are the few
possible options to eradicate this?

Cultural setback is causing a panic in the minds of migrants when they reach the new country.
Newcomers faces a lot of teething problems when they arrive in the foreign country in form of
adjusting to new language, food habits, diverse laws, unfamiliar customs and religion. These
hurdles can be overcome in different ways. I am inclined to believe that flexibility and
adaptability with proper preparation and respecting the laws and customs of the land will help the
immigrants to settle down fast in the new land.

First of all, prior to leaving your native country one should get oneself acquainted with the new
laws and customs of the foreign country. Moreover, learning the language of the visitor’s country
would be an added advantage. Adjusting to the new culture, climate and food habits will help the
migrants to develop liking and enjoying the foreign culture. For example, the Asian countries
migrates to developed countries like Canada, U.S. They focus on their purpose and are not
perturbed by anything else.

Second of all, the newcomers should immediately understand and follow the law of the land in
order to keep themselves away from any trouble. For instance, following traffic laws, security
issues, general attitude in university and work. Migrants can mix up with their own community
people in the foreign country to ease down the initial stress.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the views regarding the cultural shock among
new immigrants. Further, it is important that people make cognizance of the fact and should enjoy
with a new lifestyle and live happily.
37- "Value added by travel in Education Is travel a necessary component of education or
not? Will scholar sitting at home have more knowledge than one who travels?"

In today’s ever-changing world, of advanced technologies, education forms a much-needed base


for overall development of a human being including his personal, social and economic
development. Some people opine that studying abroad has many advantages. Others gainsay that
with the presence of local educational institution, it is considered a waste of money to go study in
other countries. I am inclined to believe that continuing education in other places is very important
for many reasons. In the following paragraphs I will discuss the reasons and give relevant
examples.

First of all, Traveling for study widen the scope of learning and enhance skills and abilities. For
example, there are many rare specialties in medical fields that are present in few countries, like
robotic surgeries. This will sharpen the student's knowledge and brings benefits to his mother
country. Further, provide students the opportunity to learn and adapt other’s culture. This way
they adapt to different environment readily, and it helps them in the later stage of life.

Second of all, international qualification adds weight-age to student’s resume which opens up
many job opportunities for them. For instance, a student’s resume with an MBA degree from a
recognized international institution gets priority among the peers. Employers too are preferring
graduates with international experience.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the views regarding the myriad benefits of
studying abroad. Further, it is important that people make cognizance of the fact and should
encourage their offspring to study outside their usual environment.