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A scientific abstract summarizes your research paper or article in a concise,

clearly written way that informs readers about the article's content. Researchers
use abstracts to determine whether a paper is relevant to their work and/or
decide which papers to acquire and read. For academic conferences,
participants only receive copies of the abstracts in proceedings. When readers
search through electronic databases for articles, the abstract is usually the sole
part of the paper that they see without cost. Typically 200-250 words, a scientific
abstract consists of five key parts: title and author information, background,
methods, results, and conclusions

Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description,


prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical
evidence from observation and experimentation. Mechanisms such as peer
review and repeatability of findings are used to try to ensure the validity of
scientific advances.

Natural science can be divided into two main branches: life science (or
biological science) and physical science. Physical science is subdivided into
branches, including physics, space science, chemistry, and earth science. These
branches of natural science may be further divided into more specialized
branches (also known as fields).

Applied science is the application of existing scientific knowledge to practical


applications, like technology or inventions.

Within natural science, disciplines that are basic science, also called pure
science, develop basic information to predict and perhaps explain and
understand phenomena in the natural world. Applied science is the use of
scientific processes and knowledge as the means to achieve a particular
practical or useful result. This includes a broad range of applied science related
fields from engineering, business, medicine to early childhood education.

Applied science can also apply formal science, such as statistics and probability
theory, as in epidemiology. Genetic epidemiology is an applied science
applying both biological and statistical methods.

Pure Science is a science that derives theories and predictions. Pure Science
can also known as natural Science, basic science or fundamental science. Pure
sciences deals with the study of natural phenomena through observation,
experimentation and use of scientific methods.
Pure science is often conducted in a laboratory.The main objective of pure
science is to increase information of a particular field of study and develop
scientific theories.

Biological sciences is the study of life and living organisms, their life cycles,
adaptations and environment. There are many different areas of study under
the umbrella of biological sciences including biochemistry, microbiology and
evolutionary biology.

A course in biological sciences will combine practical and theory work with a
mixture of lectures, seminars and lab work. Those who choose to study the
biological sciences can expect to expand their knowledge of cell theory,
evolution, genetics, energy and homeostasis.

Most universities will offer degree programmes in the biological sciences and will
also offer a joint degree programme with other sciences or the social sciences.
Some universities will offer more specialised degrees within the biological
sciences such as zoology or ecology. Assessments will vary across exams,
coursework, presentations and lab work. Students will often be required to
conduct research of their own, to answer a question of their choosing –
generating exactly the sort of skillset that employers are seeking. This is often in a
team, so students will be developing their skills in communications, delegation,
research and management.

Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in


contrast to life science. It in turn has many branches, each referred to as a
"physical science", together called the "physical sciences". However, the term
"physical" creates an unintended, somewhat arbitrary distinction, since many
branches of physical science also study biological phenomena and branches of
chemistry such as organic chemistry.