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AWS D1.1/D1.

1M:2015

Annex K (Informative)

Guide for Specification Writers


This annex is not part of AWS D1.1/D1.1M:2015, Structural Welding Code—Steel,
but is included for informational purposes only.

A statement in a contract document that all welding be done in conformance with AWS D1.1, Structural Welding
Code—Steel, covers only the mandatory welding requirements. Other provisions in the code are optional. They apply
only when they are specified. The following are some of the more commonly used optional provisions and examples of
how they may be specified.

Optional Provision Typical Specification


Fabrication/Erection Inspection [When Fabrication/Erection inspection will be performed by the Owner.
not the responsibility of the Contractor
or
(6.1.2)]
Fabrication/Erection inspection will be performed by testing agency retained
by the Owner.
NOTE: When fabrication/erection inspection is performed by the Owner or
the Owner’s testing agency, complete details on the extent of such testing
shall be given.
Verification Inspection (6.1.2.2) Verification inspection (6.1.2.2) shall be performed by the Contractor.
or
Verification inspection shall be performed by the Owner.
or
Verification inspection shall be performed by a testing agency retained by
the Owner.
or
Verification inspection shall be waived.
Nondestructive Testing NDT General: For each type of joint and (other than visual [6.14] and type
of stress [tension, compression and shear]) indicate type of NDT to be used,
extent of inspection, any special techniques to be used, and acceptance crite-
ria. Specific examples (to be interpreted as examples and not recommenda-
tions) follow. The Engineer shall determine the specific requirements for
each condition.
(Continued)

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ANNEX K AWS D1.1/D1.1M:2015

Optional Provision Typical Specification


Nondestructive Testing (Cont’d) Statically Loaded Structure Fabrication: Moment Connection Tension
Groove Welds in Butt Joints—25% UT inspection of each of the first four
joints, dropping to 10% of each of the remaining joints. Acceptance criteria—
Table 6.2.
Fillet welds—MT—Inspection of 10% of the length of each weld. Accep-
tance criteria—Table 6.1 for nontubular welds and Table 9.16 for tubular
welds.
Cyclically Loaded Structure Fabrication: Tension Butt Splices—100%
UT, or 100% RT—Acceptance criteria—UT: 6.13.2; RT: 6.12.2.
Full Penetration Corner Welds in Axially Loaded Members: Tension
Stresses—100% UT, Scanning Patterns D or E—Acceptance criteria—Table
6.3.
Compression Stresses—25%, UT, Scanning Movements A, B, or C.
Acceptance criteria—Table 6.1.
Fillet Welds—MT—Inspection of 10% of the length of each weld—Accep-
tance criteria—6.12.2.
or
(6.15.3) Rejection of any portion of a weld inspected on a less than 100% basis shall
require inspection of 100% of that weld.
or
(6.15.3) Rejection of any portion of a weld inspected on a partial length basis shall
require inspection of the stated length on each side of the discontinuity.

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