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DOCUMENT NO 282 March 2016

A.P.A.C. Ltd.
Archaeological Perspectives Analysis Consultancy

ARCHAEOLOGICAL WATCHING BRIEF

REPORT

WB/0YC/15

Rear of Oystercatcher Inn, High Street, Laleston

Bridgend County Borough Council

Planning Applications: P/13/357/FUL

Prepared for:
Mr C Dykes

By: Dr N. Phillips.
A.P.A.C. Rear of Oystercatcher Inn, Laleston. WB/OYC/15

Summary

This document comprises an archaeological watching brief, during the


construction of a new single dwelling house on land to the rear of the
Oystercatcher Public House, Laleston.

A planning application proposal was submitted to Bridgend County Borough


Council (BCBC) and as part of the planning process, Glamorgan Gwent
Archaeological Trust (GGAT) advised the planning department that the proposed
work at the site could likely impact on archaeological resources.

However, as the extent of the resources were not known they advised deferment of
planning approval pending a program of archaeological evaluation.

An evaluation trench was excavated at the site in December of 2012 which


suggested the potential for the survival of post medieval archaeological resources.

BCBC in accordance with the guidance from GGAT imposed a condition requiring
a watching brief during ground disturbance.

The work did not impact upon any significant archaeological resources and
concluded that the ground cover was quite shallow over natural geology.

An assemblage of 18th/19th century small finds were collected from the SW corner
of the site indicating a dumping area.

Two pieces of 17th century ceramics were also found in the same area, the
presence of which should be noted in any further work in the vicinity.

Copyright Notice:
A.P.A.C. Ltd. retains copyright of this report under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988.

The Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd a Copyright Licence (No. 100046577) to reproduce map information; Copyright remains
otherwise with the Ordnance Survey.

Cover Photograph: DSC08710. Plan area prior to excavation work

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Contents

Summary ......................................................................................................................................... 1
Contents ........................................................................................................................................... 2
Figures: ............................................................................................................................................ 2
Plates: .............................................................................................................................................. 3
Appendices ...................................................................................................................................... 3
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 4
Site Location and Description ......................................................................................................... 4
Brief archaeological and historical background .............................................................................. 5
Aims and Objectives ....................................................................................................................... 6
Watching Brief ................................................................................................................................ 6
Watching Brief Results ................................................................................................................... 7
Interpretation ................................................................................................................................. 10
Recommendation ........................................................................................................................... 10
Staff ............................................................................................................................................... 11
Archive: ......................................................................................................................................... 11
Acknowledgements: ...................................................................................................................... 11
Bibliography and References: ....................................................................................................... 12

Figures:

Fig 01 Site location map


Fig 02 Site Plan, trench
Fig 03 Map Progressions

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A.P.A.C. Rear of Oystercatcher Inn, Laleston. WB/OYC/15

Plates:

PL 01 Oystercatcher Inn, Extension to be demolished, to the right


PL 02 Oystercatcher Inn, Extension to be demolished behind the ‘To Let’ sign
PL 03 Southern road side view of Inn with extension abutted joint. Note the batter to the original
building
PL 04 Extension to Inn prior to demolition. Coursed rubble build with original access door infilled with
later brick and glazed
door. Tiles removed
PL 05 Interior of Inn showing eastern extension before demolition
PL 06 Southern road side view of Inn with extension abutted joint. Note the batter to the original
buildings gable end
PL 07 Butt joint of extension to original gable end. Note the brick inner finish and the outer lime mortar
with masonry
PL 08 Proposed foundations being set out. Context [100] levelled brown sandy soil with some small
stone [101] and [102]
PL 09 Proposed foundations being set out, [100]
PL 10 TR1 at junctions with TR4, TR6 & TR8 rear. Sequence of TR1; [102], [101], [103], [104] to right
and [100], [101], [103], [104] left
PL 11 TR8 at junction with TR1, Tr2, TR3 & TR7; [100], [102], [101], [103], [104]
PL 12 TR1 and 4 northwest corner [100], [102], [101], [103], [104].
PL 13 TR7 at junction with TR4. Sequence; [100], [101], [103], [104]. Cut [106] for [105] to the left.
[102] to rear
PL 14 TR5 foreground, [100] [105]. TR8 left, TRs 1-3, 6 & 7 above. Sequence; [100], [101], [103],
[104]
PL 15 TR10 at Junction with TR9. Sequence [101], [103], [104]
PL 16 TR11 section, [101], [103]
PL 17 TR12 Sequence [101], [103]
PL 18 TR16 off shoot at road. Former gas main [111] capped, [112] evident
PL 19 TR13 under the former patio, [114] to the rear of the Oystercatcher Inn
PL 20 TR13 excavated through patio foreground, sequence [114], [115], [101], [103] changing to [100],
[101], [103] towards rear
PL 21 Shallow drainage trenches 17, 19 & 20
PL 22 Shallow drainage trenches 17 sequence at tarmac [107], [108], [101], [103]
PL 23 TR17 marked at south east corner of site. Tarmac [107] onto patio [114]. Disturbance under pallet
is excavated manhole and back fill [116]
PL 24 Bulge to the eastern wall of the inn, showing the profile of the possible former bread oven
PL 25 Internal shot of under stair cupboard at the Oystercatcher Inn east gable end, with observed bread
oven (see DSC08697)

Appendices

Appendix I Context sheet


Appendix II Digital Photograph list
Appendix III Finds list

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Introduction

This Watching Brief Report has been prepared by Dr Neil Phillips, A.P.A.C. Ltd and results from a proposed
programme of works to construct a new single dwelling house on land to the rear of the Oystercatcher Inn, 47 High
Street, Laleston, Bridgend, CF32 0HL, (pl.app.no P/13/357/FUL).

The proposed site is the former rear garden area of the Oystercatcher Inn; itself of 16th century origin; Grade II
Listed Building (Cadw ID: 19240).

The current planning proposal has evolved from an earlier application for development of the site including the rear
garden, and the car park opposite the Oystercatcher building, (pl.app.no P/12/476/Ful).

Planning application (pl.app.no P/12/476/Ful) carried a condition for archaeological evaluation prior to approval.

The car park evaluation produced no evidence for the survival of any significant archaeological resources and
revealed that the depth of ground cover above the natural bedrock was quite shallow.

The predicted impact of the proposal on known archaeology was: ‘It is unlikely that the proposed site development
would impact on any significant archaeology within the car park area, (APAC. Ltd. EV/OYC/12).

The car park development was approved with no further archaeological intervention required.

The rear garden evaluation trench on the other hand revealed a greater depth of ground cover and 19 th century finds
assemblages.

The predicted impact of the proposal on known archaeology was: ‘there is a possibility that remains may be present
within the garden area’, (ibid.).

As a result of the evaluation report, (APAC. Ltd. EV/OYC/12) and the HER record for the vicinity, Glamorgan
Gwent Archaeological Trust, (GGAT) advised the attachment of a condition to planning consent ‘requiring an
archaeological watching brief to be conducted during the ground works for the development’, (BR10223/CG).

GGAT further advised that the wording of the condition should follow the advice given in WOC 60/96, section 22:

The developer shall ensure that a suitably qualified archaeologist is present during the
undertaking of any ground disturbing works in the development area, so that an archaeological
watching brief can be conducted. The archaeological watching brief shall be undertaken to the
standards of the Institute for Archaeologists. The Local Planning Authority shall be informed, in
writing, at least two weeks prior to the commencement of the development of the name of the said
archaeologist and no work shall begin until the Local Planning Authority has confirmed, in
writing, that the proposed archaeologist is suitable. A copy of the watching brief report shall be
submitted to the Local Planning Authority within two months of the fieldwork being completed by
the archaeologist.

This document is the report of the watching brief carried out during ground disturbance at the rear garden of The
Oystercatcher, 47 High Street, Laleston.

Site Location and Description

The location of the site is the Oystercatcher Inn, 47 High St, Laleston CF32 0HL; specifically, the former car park to
the south of the building and the former beer garden to the rear.

Laleston is a village located on the A473 between Kenfig and Bridgend, S. Wales. NGR SS 8761 7981, fig 01.

At the beginning of the watching brief the site had been cleared of vegetation and the surface levelled and marked
out for the douse and garage.

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There was no evidence of the position of the evaluation trench from the earlier evaluation (EVOYC/12) but its
position in relation the development can be seen on the trench plan fig 02.

Geology and Topography

The site lies on generally level ground at a height of 60m AOD.

The geology is underlying Porthkerry Member, of the Blue Lias Formation generally comprising thinly interbedded
limestones and calcareous mudstones/siltstones. The bedding plane slopes gently north at 2-5º. (DSR).

Brief archaeological and historical background

The majority of the background history was provided in the previous evaluation report APAC Ltd EV/OYC/12 but
some additions have been added here with more emphasis on the Oystercatcher site.

The Historic Environment Record, (HER), records the village of Laleston as a nucleated medieval village centred on
the church of St David; Grade I Listed Building (Cadw ID: 11246), mentioned in AD 1173 as associated with
Tewksbury Abbey.

The church also a medieval churchyard Cross, Grade II (Cadw ID:19242), the presence of which infers earlier
origins.

Excluding the above, Laleston has some additional Listed Buildings:

Early 19th century Grade II Broadlands House, Cadw ID: 11374


18th century Grade II Cliff Cottage, Cadw ID: 19242
Early 19th century Grade II Horeb Church, Cadw ID: 11364
Early 19th century Grade II Milepost, Cadw ID: 19243
Early 17th century Grade II Laleston Inn, Cadw ID: 11245
16th century Grade II Oystercatcher Inn, Cadw ID: 19240 Proposed site
16th century Grade II* Great House, Cadw ID: 11244
17th century Grade II Village Farm House, Cadw ID: 11322

Cartographic record of the site is available from 1876, Fig 03a where the inn is recorded as New Inn.

To the south of the New Inn; the present car park site, is an area clear of buildings and bounded on the east by the
burial ground of a Bethel Chapel.

The legend Post Office is printed over the car park but it is not clear where the associated building stood.

To the north of the New Inn, the adjoining garden has a subdivided with a small structure in the north west corner.

Also leading north of the dividing wall is a pair of parallel dashed lines which possibly denote a former wall.

It is interesting to note that the dashed wall has two similarly aligned walls within curtilage of the building to the
east; called the Village Farmhouse and known to have early 17 th century origins.

Indeed, the entire New Inn and Village Farm structures share an alignment that appears to be confined to the north
east quadrant of the village.

The next map of the village dates to 1899 and over the intervening years, some detail has been lost particularly as
regards the dashed walls mentioned above but there are no other changes of interest to this evaluation, fig 03b.

The 1919 map again reveals little in the way of change to the general area; to the south of the Inn, the post office has
gone whereas to the north a series of small buildings have been added to the subdividing wall, fig 03c.

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A.P.A.C. Rear of Oystercatcher Inn, Laleston. WB/OYC/15
Interesting in relation to cartographic accuracy, the New Inn label has been moved some 80m east, to the compound
of the 17th century listed building ‘Village Farm’.

The last map shown, Fig 03d, is that of 1940 where again the change is minimal and confined to the removal of the
small building added by 1919, to the garden dividing wall.

By 1970 some residential development had been undertaken to the south and west of the car park and by 1986 the
New Inn had been renamed the Oystercatcher, (DSR).

Aims and Objectives

The aim of the watching brief was to preserve by record, within the resources available, any archaeological deposits
uncovered during groundwork.

The watching brief also ensured that: in the event of archaeological resources of significance, being discovered and
requiring treatment beyond the remit of the watching brief, that steps would be implemented to ensure that their
treatment would be undertaken within the standards recommended by the CIFA.

Watching Brief

The watching brief was undertaken over a period of six days from August to October 2015.

The first phase of work began on the 11th of August 2015 ground preparation of the site; stripping of vegetation and
levelling, and a quick photographic record of the extension building, which, due to access problems, had to be
removed.

The demolition of the extension was undertaken under watching brief conditions and the action and results recorded.

Work then resumed on the 19th of August with the excavation of the house foundations followed by the garage
foundations on the 27th August.

Throughout August and into September the weather had been exceptionally wet with almost continuous heavy rain
which coupled with the extremely unstable ground makeup, rather dictated the progress of the work.

Excavation for services to both garage and house took place on the 11 th of September and a further excavation for
drainage on the 22nd of November.

Initial recording

A record of the features and stratigraphy exposed during excavation was kept including written notes and
photographs.

Measurements were taken regularly using Leica Disto 510, laser measurement device.

A limited number of finds were recovered and retained for post excavation processing.

Post Ex

Following the watching brief, the field notes and photographs were digitised to produce the context record of the
stratigraphy; Appendix I, and an annotated list of the photographs, Appendix II.

The finds which were washed by hand, dried, identified, photographed and packed in sealed and ladled bags were
recorded in Appendix III.

All finds will be returned to the client.

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Watching Brief Results

Presentation Notes:

All contexts are denoted [#] in the text, listed in Appendix I, cross referenced in Appendix II, to the plates section.
Photographs used in the text are listed Pl # and a complete list of photographs can be found in appendix II with
contact sheets.
Finds are listed in appendix III annotated plates included and denoted in the text {#}.

Extension building

The historical mapping shown above shows no evidence of the extension building pre 1940, fig 03d but the
watching brief was undertaken during its demolition to mitigate and record any archaeological or historical
resources disturbed or discovered during the process.

External views of the front and rear of the extension building can be seen in Plates PL01 & PL02, whilst PL03
shows the eastern gable end which originally featured a small window and door; the latter blocked with brick from
floor level to accommodate a second window

A single storey extension of white-washed rubble coursed masonry had a single ridge roof of slate on sawn timbers.

Evidence of earlier lean-to s can be seen in PL04 with a linear roof ridge scar at 2m and a short length of angle ridge
below; (right of the 1.8m on the ranging rod).

The internal structure of the extension can be seen in PL05; a raised floor behind the safety barriers leading to a
single room with raised ceiling.

The original gable end can be seen as a thick vertical wall against a battered southern elevation with the deep set 12
light sash window.

A wall batter is also noticeable on the external wall, PL06, the ranging rod is vertical as is the extension, whilst the
original Inn structure has a base batter.

Once the extension was demolished it exposed the fairly modern construction materials involved in its addition to
the main building, PL07.

The demolition of the extension did not provide any archaeologically significant resources.

House Plot Foundation Trenches

Once the demolition was completed attention moved to the proposed building plots for which the first phase of the
operation was to strip the ground of vegetation and level it in preparation for setting out, PL08 & PL09.

This operation produced a scatter of surface finds {1} from context [100] and a larger scatter of finds; {2}, [3] &
[4], from [102], which appeared to be restricted towards the south west corner of the site.

The trench plan for the house foundations can be seen in fig 02 and they are annotated no’s 1 – 8 which provides the
sequence in which they were excavated.

The sequence itself was derived from the logistics of the space available for the tracked mechanical digger to work
in, the encroaching spoil and the instability of the ground considerably worsened by the heavy rain.

Some idea of the problems cause by the ground instability and heavy rain can be seen on the trench plan where the
proposed trench layout is surrounded by an estimate of the resulting excavations due to collapse.

The conditions also had a negative effect on the recording, restricting access within the trenches and fogging some
of the photographic opportunities.

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A.P.A.C. Rear of Oystercatcher Inn, Laleston. WB/OYC/15
TR1 measured 8m x 0.8m x 1m and produced the most stable section on the site; against the western boundary wall
it comprised a 250mm layer of black humic soil which was slightly higher against the wall and tapered out to around
200mm over 2m.

Underlying the [102] deposit was a 300mm grey/brown deposit of sandy soil with small angular stone, [101] over a
layer of fractured limestone, [103].

Some evidence of a layer of grey/brown clay [104] was evident below [103] but this was not confirmed because of
the heavy rain which turned all to mud and bank stability.

TR1 produced finds assemblage {5}, 7 pieces of predominantly 19 th century ceramics.

TR2 & TR3 were short trenches, 3.3m x .63m x 1m, isolating very small rectangles of unstable ground, resulting in
very messy and unclear sequences.

They were not photographed individually but they can be seen in PL11 during the excavation for TR8, (see below),
TR2 foreground with TR3 running parallel behind.

The stratigraphic sequences of TR2 and TR3 were identical to that of TR1 but [102] continued to become more
shallow towards the east and there was a greater presence of [104].

TR2 yielded finds assemblage {6} and TR3 finds assemblage {7} again mostly 19 th century domestic debris.

TR4 was a longer trench at just under 14m x 0.80m x 1m, however the width became greatly increased due to
collapse as the excavation progressed east.

The stratigraphic sequence at the western end was the same as TR1, PL12; however, first [102] tapered to nothing
and then the underlying [101] also reduced to a few centimetres as the fractured limestone of [103] rose towards the
surface.

A later photograph PL13, at the junction with TR7 gives a good example of the ground makeup along TR4 note
under an arbitrary [100], the absence of [102] the lack of depth of [101] and the increased depth of [103].

To the left of the trench junction with TR7, in PL13, is an area with a sudden lack of limestone blocks which is the
cut and fill of the earlier evaluation trench 5 in EV/OYC/12.

TR4 produced no finds.

TR5 was cut at right angles to TR4 forming the western extent of the plot, PL14.

Its length was 8m of which the northern half were 0.8m wide with the southern half including the chimney
foundation closer to 2m.

The southern proportion however cut across the 2012 evaluation trench and that proportion became much bigger
than planned due to the nature of the backfill encountered, PL14 (centre).

The stratigraphic sequence of TR5 was [100], [101], [103], [104] with a cut [106] and fill [107] for EV/OYC/12.

TR5 produced no finds.

TR6 is an internal foundation from the centre of TR1, joining the ends of TR2 and TR3 and extending to the next
trench to be dug, TR7.

In order to excavate this, the machine had to track over the ends of TR2 and TR3 creating small, unstable, muddy
stands which can be seen; top left of PL14.

Again there was nothing worth recording and a brief examination revealed that the stratigraphic sequence was as at
TR1: [102], [101], [103].

As the trench continued east [102] tapered off, [101] reduced in depth and [103] rose as was seen in the parallel
TR4.

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TR6 produced a small, mostly 19th century finds assemblage {8}.

TR7, PL13, joined TR4 to TR6 and continued towards TR8 which can be seen being excavated with some
difficulty, to the rear of the photograph.

Potential survival of layer [100] was unlikely and visible is a thin band of [101] over a deep band of [103]; no finds
produced.

The final trench, TR8 was along the southern aspect of the house plot and PL13 gives a good visual account of its
excavation.

Most of the surface had been disturbed by the machine tracking over and dumping excavated material from the other
trenches in this spot and so any record of the upper stratigraphy is unreliable.

The lower sequence was better preserved, PL11, giving [101], [103], [104].

Assemblage {9} was collected from the upper part of TR8, towards the south western corner and although labelled
context [102], the disturbance mentioned above means this context interpretation is not secure and could really be
discarded as spoil.

Garage Plot Foundation Trenches

Excavation of the garage foundations were undertaken in much better conditions allowing for more careful scrutiny
of the trenches.

TR9 bordering the western boundary wall as with TR1 produced a stable trench with the general sequence [102],
[101], [103], [104] although [102] seemed to deepen towards the south.

The northern end of TR9 produced small finds assemblage {10} the centre {11} & {12} whilst a deeper deposit at
the south yielded {13}.

TR10 was excavated at right angles to TR9 forming the northern foundation trench and revealing a tapering [102]
over a shallow deposit [101] over [103] but no finds, PL15.

TR10 produced small finds assemblage {14}; 19th century domestic material.

TR11 was excavated at right angles to TR10, cutting through a shallow layer of [101] over [103], PL16 and
producing no finds.

The final foundation trench, TR12, PL17, joined TR9 and TR11 cutting into the [101] over [103] sequence except in
the western corner where it also cut through [102] which produced the small finds assemblages {15} & {16}.

Service Trenches

The service trenching cut from the house 13 & 14 and garage 15 to the existing service runs along the road side 16,
PL18.

These tended for the most part to be a little less deep than the foundation trenches and never cut deeper than the
limestone [103], PL19.

They did however cut through the patio [114], [115], PL20 and tarmac [107] [108], PL19 which overlay the [101]
[103] stratigraphic sequence.

Drainage Trenches

The drainage trenches close to the building plots; 17-22, were excavated entirely into ground already disturbed by
the earlier work and so it is not possible to assign the disturbance to any contexts in this area, PL21.

Drainage trenches 23-25 did actually cut into some undisturbed ground but only into deposit [101] and so produced
no finds.

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As drainage trench 17 continued towards the road it cut through [114], [115] and tarmac [107] [108] over [101],
PL22, before contacting with the manhole PL23.

Finds

Finds assemblage {1} was collected from over the entire surface of the levelled ground and therefore has no real
deposition value other than to suggest a general presence of 18th and 19th activity.

The finds collected from the house plot foundations {2}–{9}were generally concentrated towards the south western
area of excavation and confined to a spread of black humic soil [102] overlaying the general sequence [101], [103],
[104] found across the site.

The majority of the finds are 19th century and are consistent with discarded domestic materials.

All of the finds from the garage plot foundations were also concentrated at the western side of the site and all from
[102].

Neither the drainage or service trenches produced finds.

Interpretation

None of the work at the site impacted upon any structural archaeological resources and the small amount of finds
assemblages retrieved, signify some use of part of the site as a possible 19th/20th century dump associated with the
Inn.

The dumping event area is concentrated in the south west corner of the site and probably represents a single or short
term use rather than continuous deposition.

The present understanding is that the surviving patio may be built on a further extent of [102] but this wasn’t
investigated.

The entire site has a very shallow subsoil over a natural outcrop of limestone which appears to be fractured for the
most part but with occasional bedded layers in situ.

The simple stratigraphic sequence is therefore a shallow layer of sterile deposit [101] over a degrading layer of
limestone [103] which has an underlying eroded limestone derived clay [104].

The only disturbance to the natural sequence is the layer of dumping [102] along the west, the evaluation trench to
the east [105], and some modern ground surfacing and drainage to the south and south east.

It is therefore the underlying geology which gives the land its present slight rise towards the north and there is no
trace of previous structure or occupation.

Recommendation

Whilst undertaking the watching brief on the extension demolition, an opportunity arose to record a bulge in the
original gable end of the Inn, PL24, which had been respected when a makeshift cover for the gas main was
installed.

The bulge looked as though it could be the remains of a bread oven and so further investigation was undertaken,
with permission, inside the building.

This led to the discovery of some of the remains of the bread oven in a small under stair cupboard, PL25.

It is therefore possible that the building may retain some other features of note which should be borne in mind
should the planned development proceed.

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Staff
Dr. Neil Phillips, ACIFA.
Post ex
Mr A. O. Phillips.

Archive:

The original archive for this project will remain with APAC Ltd and a copy deposited with Bridgend County
Borough Council Archive

Copies of the report will be deposited with the client, GGAT HER, & BCBC Planning.

Acknowledgements:

Chris Dykes and his team for their adherence to the conditions which made a very miserable project more bearable.

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Bibliography and References:

APAC. Ltd

DB/EV/OYC/12. Written Scheme of investigation/evaluation Oystercatcher Inn, car


park and garden. 2012.

EV/OYC/12. Archaeological Evaluation. Oystercatcher Inn, Car park and Garden.

WSI:EV/OYC/15. Written Scheme Of Investigation For An Archaeological


Watching Brief: Rear Of Oystercatcher Public House, High Steet, Laleston

Bridgend County Borough


Council;
Application for Planning Permission (pl.app.no PL.App.No:P/13/357/FUL.

Corun Trelales Ltd. Former Oystercatcher Public House, Laleston, Bridgend. Swept Path
Analysis. 11-00208. fig 4.1. Rev B. 02/13.

C.W. Architects Ltd Location Site Plan. SP336-P100 March 2012

Proposed Plans SP336 (ROY) P07 Dec 2012


Proposed Elevation SP336 (ROY) P08 Dec 2012
Proposed Car Port SP336 (ROY) P09 Dec 2012
Location Plan SP336 (ROY) P01 Jan 2013
Existing Site Plant SP336 (ROY) P02 Jan2013
Proposed Site Plan SP336 (ROY) P03 Jan 2013
Existing Annex Plans SP336 (ROY) P04 Jan 2013

DSR Desk Study Report, The Oystercatcher Public House, Laleston 10951/S1/12.
Actoris Developments Ltd. Intégral Géotechnique

English Heritage Management of Archaeological Projects (1991).

GGAT. BR10223/JBHD. Proposed single storey dwelling on land to the rear of


Oystercatcher PH Car Park, High St, Laleston. Pl.App.No.:P/13/357/FUL. 2013.

Chartered Institute of
Archaeologists. Standard and Guidance for an archaeological watching brief. 2014.

Code of Conduct and the Code of Approved Practice for the regulation of
Contractual Arrangements in Field Archaeology. 2008.

Standard and Guidance for the collection, documentation, conservation and


research of archaeological materials. 2014.

Land Registry WA620261. 6/10/2009.

The Society of Museum


Archaeologists Towards An Accessible Archive (1995)

United Kingdom Institute


for Conservation.
(Archaeology Section) Guidelines for the Preparation of Excavation Archives for Long-Term
Storage (1990)

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Online:
British Geological Survey http://www.bgs.ac.uk/GeoIndex/
British Listed Buildings http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/
Google Earth http://www.google.co.uk/
Magic http://magic.defra.gov.uk/
RCAHMW http://www.coflein.gov.uk/

The copyright for this report shall be retained by A.P.A.C. Ltd.

A.P.A.C. Registered Address: 36 Hatherleigh Rd, Abergavenny Monmouthshire NP7 7RG.


Tel: 07734962919. Mobile: 07734962919 Email: apac.philips@btinternet.com
Company Registration No 5041541 VAT Reg No 826 3628 19
Director: Dr. N. Phillips D.Phil. BA (Hons).Cert Ed/FE. ACIFA.

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Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

adapted from:
C.W.Architects Ltd
Adapted from C W Architects Ltd

5km

Ordnance Survey has granted A.P.A.C. Ltd Copyright Licence (No. 100046577) Map data ©2015 Google

Fig 01: Location


A.P.A.C. Ltd WSI: WB/OYC/15
Rear of Oystercatcher Inn, Llaleston

EV/OYC/12 TR5
INSET

1 4

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Boundary wall
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20 5 due to ground instability

Schematic of Service trenches


21
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Schematic of drainage trenches
9 22

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24

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12 11 m

25

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Boundary wall
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Bo

EV/OYC/12 TR5

House plot
1 4

2 6
3 7
18
17
13 19
5
Garage Plot 20
10 8
9 22 21
15
14
24 23

11
12
Services tre

25

15
spoil area
nch

Boundary Hedge

Existing pav
ed Patio

43
45
Oystercat
cher
WC Village Farm House

16

High Street

0 5 10 20

Fig 02: Trench positions A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15


Rear of Oystercatcher Inn, Laleston

Glamorganshire OS 1:2500

Glamorganshire OS 1:2500
Fig 03a: 1876 Fig 03b: 1899

Glamorganshire OS 1:2500

Glamorganshire OS 1:2500
Fig 03c: 1919 Fig 03d: 1940
A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15

200m
Adapted from APAC Ltd EV/CYC/12.
Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

DSC08691

DSC08703
Plate 01: Oystercatcher Inn, Extension to be demolished, to the
right

DSC08690

Plate 02: Oystercatcher Inn, Extension to be demolished behind Plate 03: Southern road side view of Inn with A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15
the ‘To Let’ sign extension abutted joint. Note the batter to the
original building
Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

DSC08702

DSC08704
Plate 04: Extension to Inn prior to demolition. Coursed rubble
build with original access door infilled with later brick and glazed
door. Tiles removed

DSC08687

Plate 05: Interior of Inn showing eastern extension before Plate 06: Southern road side view of Inn with A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15
demolition extension abutted joint. Note the batter to the
original buildings gable end
Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

DSC08706

DSC08709
Plate 08: Proposed foundations being set out. Context [100] levelled brown
sandy soil with some small stone [101] and [102]

DSC08710
Plate 07: Butt joint of extension to original gable end. Note the brick inner finish Plate 09: Caption A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15
and the outer lime mortar with masonry
Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

DSC08719
DSC08717
Plate 10: TR1 at junctions with TR4, TR6 & TR8 rear. Sequence of Plate 11: TR8 at junction with TR1, TR2, TR3 & TR7; [100], [102],
TR1; [102], [101], [103], [104] to right and [100], [101], [103], [104] left [101], [103], [104]

DSC08716
DSC08713

Plate 12: TR1 and 4 northwest corner [100], [102], [101], [103], Plate 13: TR7 at junction with TR4.
A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15
[104] Sequence; [100], [101], [103], [104].
Cut [106] for [105] to the left. [102] to rear
Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

DSC08729
DSC08715
Plate 14: TR5 foreground, [100] [105]. TR8 left, TRs 1-3, 6 & 7 above. Plate 15: TR10 at Junction with TR9. Sequence [101], [103], [104]
Sequence; [100], [101], [103], [104]

DSC08734
DSC08731

Plate 16: TR11 section, [101], [103] Plate 17: TR12 Sequence [101], [103]
A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15
Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

DSC08763
DSC08760
Plate 18: TR16 off shoot at road. Former gas main [111] capped, [112] Plate 19: TR13 under the former patio, [114] to the rear of the
evident Oystercatcher Inn.

DSC08944
DSC08766

Plate 20: TR13 excavated through patio foreground, sequence Plate 21: Shallow drainage trenches
A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15
[114], [115], [101], [103] changing to [100], [101], [103] towards rear 17, 19 & 20
Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

DSC09049
Plate 22: Shallow drainage trenches 17 sequence at tarmac [107], [108], [101], [103]

DSC09042

Plate 23: TR17 marked at south east corner of site. Tarmac [107] onto patio [114]. A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15
Disturbance under pallet is excavated manhole and back fill [116]
Rear of Oystercatcher, Inn Laleston

DSC08698

DSC08765
Plate 24: Bulge to the eastern wall of the inn, showing the profile of the possible Plate 25: Internal shot of under stair cupboard at A.P.A.C. Ltd WB/OYC/15
former bread oven the Oystercatcher Inn east gable end, with observed
bread oven (see DSC08697)
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix I Context Sheet Index WB/OYC/15

Site: Rear of Grid Ref: Site No: Alternate No:


Oystercatcher Inn, SS 8761 7981 WB/OYC/15
Laleston
Context Area Feature Description FINDS PHOTOGRAPHS
100 Site Disturbed Dark brown sandy soil with small stone {1} DSC08692, DSC08693,
DSC08694, DSC08695,
surface DSC08709, DSC08710,
DSC08713, DSC08714,
DSC08715, DSC08716,
DSC08717, DSC08718,
DSC08719, DSC08728,
DSC08769, DSC08770,
DSC09048
101 Site Sub soil Grey/brown sandy soil with small stone DSC08713, DSC08714.
DSC08715, DSC08716.
DSC08717, DSC08718,
DSC08719, DSC08728,
DSC08729, DSC08730,
DSC08731, DSC08732,
DSC08733, DSC08734,
DSC08735, DSC08760,
DSC08761, DSC08762,
DSC08763, DSC08764,
DSC08766, DSC08767,
DSC08768, DSC08769,
DSC08770, DSC09045,
DSC09046, DSC09047,
DSC09048, DSC09049
102 Western Black humic soil {2} – {16} DSC08694, DSC08695,
DSC08709, DSC08713,
boundary DSC08716, DSC08717,
DSC08719, DSC08728
103 Site Natural Limestone, mostly shattered with some DSC08713, DSC08714,
DSC08715, DSC08716,
bedding plates in-situ DSC08717, DSC08718,
DSC08719, DSC08729,
DSC08730, DSC08731,
DSC08732, DSC08733,
DSC08734, DSC08735,
DSC08766, DSC08767,
DSC08768, DSC08769,
DSC08770, DSC09049
104 Site Natural Limestone derived clay DSC08713, DSC08714,
DSC08715, DSC08716,
DSC08717, DSC08718,
DSC08719, DSC08728,
DSC08729
105 North east Evaluation 5 EV/OYC 12 evaluation trench. Backfill DSC08714, DSC08715,
DSC08716
trench. with a lot of small stone and roots
106 North east Cut Cut for [105]
107 East Driveway Tarmac DSC08690, DSC08696,
DSC08697, DSC08699,
DSC08701, DSC08702,
DSC08759, DSC08761,
DSC08763, DSC08764,
DSC09042, DSC09049
108 East Driveway Grey gravel DSC08761, DSC08763,
DSC08764, DSC09042,
DSC09049
109 South East Former Backfilled rubble. DSC08705, DSC08760,
DSC08761, DSC08762
extension
110 South East Cut Cut for [109]
111 South East Pipe Yellow plastic gas pipe DSC08760, DSC08761,
DSC08762
112 South East Cut Cut for [111]
113 South East Fill Fill for [111] brown sand DSC08760, DSC08761,
DSC08762
114 Southern Patio Slabbed patio area DSC08688, DSC08690
115 Southern bedding Red sandstone chippings DSC08764, DSC08766
area
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix I Context Sheet Index WB/OYC/15

116 South east Backfill Excavated pre-existing manhole DSC09042


117 Southern cut
area
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix II Digital photograph list WB/OYC/15

Photo no Date Camera L or P View Description Plate


DSC08685 11/08/14 DSC F828 L E Interior of eastern extension at joint with Inn wall
DSC08686 11/08/14 DSC F828 P NE Interior north west wall of Inn, showing turning circle for the original flight of steps now removed
DSC08687 11/08/14 DSC F828 L SE Interior of Inn showing eastern extension before demolition PL05
DSC08688 11/08/14 DSC F828 L S Oystercatcher Inn, rear view, extension left
DSC08689 11/08/14 DSC F828 L N Oystercatcher Inn, rear garden, site of the proposed development
DSC08690 11/08/14 DSC F828 L SW Oystercatcher Inn, Extension to be demolished behind the ‘To Let’ sign PL02
DSC08691 11/08/14 DSC F828 L NE Oystercatcher Inn, Extension to be demolished, to the right PL01
DSC08692 11/08/14 DSC F828 L S Possible remains of evaluation trench EV/OYC/12 shown by line of limestone rubble at surface
DSC08693 11/08/14 DSC F828 L S Single line of brick, possible path or garden border
DSC08694 11/08/14 DSC F828 L S Surface stripping [100] [102]
DSC08695 11/08/14 DSC F828 L N Surface stripping [100] [102]
DSC08696 11/08/14 DSC F828 L S Extension demolition. Note cement ridge for the roof of a former lean-to
DSC08697 11/08/14 DSC F828 L E Bulge to the eastern wall of the inn, possible former bread oven
DSC08698 11/08/14 DSC F828 P S Bulge to the eastern wall of the inn, showing the profile of the possible former bread oven PL24
DSC08699 11/08/14 DSC F828 P SW Extension to Inn prior to demolition. Coursed rubble build with original access door infilled with later brick and glazed door
DSC08700 11/08/15 DSC F828 P W Southern road side view of Inn with extension abutted joint see centre
DSC08701 14/08/15 DSC F828 L S Extension demolition. Note cement ridge for the roof of a former lean-to. Tiles removed
DSC08702 14/08/15 DSC F828 L SW Extension to Inn prior to demolition. Coursed rubble build with original access door infilled with later brick and glazed door. Tiles removed PL04
DSC08703 14/08/15 DSC F828 P W Southern road side view of Inn with extension abutted joint. Note the batter to the original building PL03
DSC08704 14/08/15 DSC F828 P N Southern road side view of Inn with extension abutted joint. Note the batter to the original buildings gable end PL06
DSC08705 14/08/15 DSC F828 L W Original eastern gable end of Inn with extension demolished
DSC08706 14/08/15 DSC F828 P W Butt joint of extension to original gable end. Note the brick inner finish and the outer lime mortar with masonry PL07
DSC08709 19/08/15 DSC F828 L N Proposed foundations being set out. Context [100] levelled brown sandy soil with some small stone [101] and [102] PL08
DSC08710 19/08/15 DSC F828 L S Proposed foundations being set out, [100] PL09
DSC08711 19/08/15 DSC F828 L W TR1 Camera misted over due to weather conditions
DSC08712 19/08/15 DSC F828 L N TR1 Camera misted over due to weather conditions
DSC08713 19/08/15 DSC F828 L NE TR1 and 4 northwest corner [100], [102], [101], [103], [104]. PL12
DSC08714 19/08/15 DSC F828 L W TR5 foreground, Sequence; [100], with partial [105] disturbance. TR4 right; [100], [101], [103], [104]. TR7 being excavated.
DSC08715 19/08/15 DSC F828 L SW TR5 foreground, [100] [105]. TR8 left, TRs 1-3, 6 & 7 above. Sequence; [100], [101], [103], [104] PL14
DSC08716 19/08/15 DSC F828 L S TR7 at junction with TR4. Sequence; [100], [101], [103], [104]. Cut [106] for [105] to the left. [102] to rear PL13
DSC08717 19/08/15 DSC F828 L S TR1 at junctions with TR4, TR6 & TR8 rear. Sequence of TR1; [102], [101], [103], [104] to right and [100], [101], [103], [104] left PL10
DSC08718 19/08/15 DSC F828 L W TR8 at junction with TR5; [100], [101], [103], [104]
DSC08719 19/08/15 DSC F828 L E TR8 at junction with TR1, Tr2, TR3 & TR7; [100], [102], [101], [103], [104] PL11
DSC08728 27/08/15 DSC F828 L SW TR9. Initial excavation, greater depth of black humic soil [102] over [101], [104]
DSC08729 27/08/15 DSC F828 L E TR10 at Junction with TR9. Sequence [101], [103], [104] PL15
DSC08730 27/08/15 DSC F828 L E TR10 completed. Sequences: East [101], [103]
DSC08731 27/08/15 DSC F828 L NW TR11 section, [101], [103] PL16
DSC08732 27/08/15 DSC F828 L V TR11 during excavation, [101], [103]
DSC08733 27/08/15 DSC F828 L SE TR12 Sequence [102], [101], [103]
DSC08734 27/08/15 DSC F828 L SE TR12 Sequence [101], [103] PL17
DSC08735 27/08/15 DSC F828 P N TR12 section [101], [103]
DSC08759 11/09/15 DSC F828 L S TR13 marked out towards road [107] and under former extension building, [109]
DSC08760 11/09/15 DSC F828 L V TR16 off shoot at road. Former gas main [111] capped, [112] evident PL18
DSC08761 11/09/15 DSC F828 L V TRs13 & 16 (top) at road, [107], [109], [111], [112]
DSC08762 11/09/15 DSC F828 L N TRs13 & 16 joining under former extension building, [107], [109], [111], [112]
DSC08763 11/09/15 DSC F828 L N TR13 under the former patio, [114] to the rear of the Oystercatcher Inn. PL19
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix II Digital photograph list WB/OYC/15

DSC08764 11/09/15 DSC F828 P S TR13 with three service pipes laid. Sequences: [114], [115], [101] changing to [107], [108], [101] and then [109] at road
DSC08765 11/09/15 DSC F828 P E Internal shot of under stair cupboard at the Oystercatcher Inn east gable end, with observed bread oven (see DSC08697) PL25
DSC08766 11/09/15 DSC F828 L NW TR13 excavated through patio foreground, sequence [114], [115], [101], [103] changing to [100], [101], [103] towards rear PL20
DSC08767 11/09/15 DSC F828 P SE TR13 at house base being excavated, [100], [101], [103]
DSC08768 11/09/15 DSC F828 L S TR13 completed with TR 15 to garage to be excavated towards red underseal sheet. TR14 marked in blue in foreground, [100], [101], [103]
DSC08769 11/09/15 DSC F828 L SE TR13 with TR15 right and TR14 being deepened, centre photograph, [100], [101], [103]
DSC08770 11/09/15 DSC F828 L SW TR14 connection to TR13 [100], [101], [103]. [101] has increased root action
DSC09042 22/10/15 DSC F828 L N TR17 marked at south east corner of site. Tarmac [107] onto patio [114]. Disturbance under pallet is excavated manhole and back fill [116] PL23
DSC09043 22/10/15 DSC F828 L SE Shallow drainage trenches 17, 18 & 19 from the house base
DSC09044 22/10/15 DSC F828 L E Shallow drainage trenches 17, 19 & 20 PL21
DSC09045 22/10/15 DSC F828 L W Shallow drainage trenches 17 & 24. Sequence [100], [101]
DSC09046 22/10/15 DSC F828 L S Shallow drainage trench 17 Sequence [100], [101]
DSC09047 22/10/15 DSC F828 L V Shallow drainage trench 17 over TR13
DSC09048 22/10/15 DSC F828 L NW Shallow drainage trenches 17, 25 and 24
DSC09049 22/10/15 DSC F828 L SW Shallow drainage trenches 17 sequence at tarmac [107], [108], [101], [103] PL22
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix III Finds Sheet Index WB/OYC/15

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


1 (2 bags) 100 1 sherd glazed earthenware rim 17th 11/08/15
1 sherd unglazed earthenware 18th 19th
1 sherd unglazed earthenware flower pot bottom
2 sherds unglazed earthenware rims
2 sherds unglazed earthenware building material
6 sherds glazed earthenware rims
2 sherds earthenware, glazed internally
4 sherds (refit) earthenware pot base, glazed internally
5 sherds earthenware, glazed green/yellow, local. 1 base sherd
2 sherds salt glazed stoneware
2 sherds ribbed white glazed stoneware jars, 1 rim, 1 base
1 sherd local slipware possibly Ewenny
2 sherds Staffordshire slipware
3 sherds mocha ware
3 sherds mocha base (refit)
1 sherd possible Welsh Gawdyware, pink glaze and gold lustre
decoration
1 sherd white stoneware handle, painted blue with gold lustre, possibly
Welsh Gawdy ware
2 102 6 sherds (5 refit) stoneware wine merchants pot 19th 20th 11/08/15
1 sherd stoneware pot rim
1 sherd inscribed stoneware wine and spirit pot
1 sherd Mocha ware
3 102 4 sherds (refit) Nottingham stoneware 18th 19th 11/08/15
4 (2 bags) 102 4 sherds local glazed earthenware 18th 19th 11/08/15
3 sherds unglazed earthenware 1 rim
2 clay pipe stems
3 sherds yellow glazed Mocha ware 19th
4 sherds Mocha ware
1 sherd soft paste porcelain
1 sherd soft paste porcelain with blue decoration
1 sherd iron glazed stoneware
3 sherds stoneware
1 sherd Welsh Gawdy ware teacup bottom, white glazed with blue and
orange decoration
1 sherd china with blue willow pattern
3 sherds white china with blue decoration
1 sherd white china with green decoration
1 sherd white china with a embossed crown design and blue stripe
decoration
2 sherds (fragmented refit) white plate rim, with blue decoration
1 glazed earthenware teapot lid
1 sherd Dundee marmalade stoneware jar
4 shards aqua blue glass
1 shard brown glass bottle neck
1 shard frosted green glass bottle base, embossed initial “C,B”
1 sherd yellow glazed stoneware
1 sherd white ware plate rim 19th 20th
1 sherd white china
2 sherds white glazed tile
5 102 1 sherd glazed local earthenware 18th/19th 19/08/15
1 sherd glazed local earthenware handle
1 clay pipe stem
1 blue glazed stoneware bottle neck
1 yellow glazed stoneware bottle neck
1 sherd white china blue willow pattern 19th
1 sherd white ware 20th
6 102 1 sherd earthenware green/yellow glazed, local 18th/19th 19/08/15
2 clay pipe stems
1 sherd white china plate rim with blue decoration 19th
7 102 1 sherd green/yellow glazed local earthenware 18th 19th 19/08/15
1 sherd Nottingham stoneware
1 shard frosted aqua green embossed Codds bottle 19th
8 102 1 sherd local slipware 18th 19th 19/08/15
2 clay pipe stems
1 sherd unglazed local earthenware base
1 sherd unglazed local earthenware rim 19th
1 sherd white china rim, with blue decoration
1 white glass pop bottle 20th
9 102 1 sherd earthenware, green glazed with finger imprinted decoration 18th 19th 19/08/15
2 sherds local slipware, possibly Ewenny
2 sherds brown glazed local earthenware
1 clay pipe stem
1 sherd local earthenware with partial brown glaze

5
A.P.A.C. Ltd. Appendix III Finds Sheet Index WB/OYC/15

1 sherd local earthenware with yellow glaze


1 sherd glazed stoneware jug 19th
1 sherd salt glazed stoneware
2 sherd (refit) stoneware jug with indented text: Morgan PHI…., WINE
& SPIRIT MERCHANT, BRISTOL
3 sherds local earthenware
1 sherd mocha ware
1 sherd white china with blue decoration
10 102 1 sherd mocha ware bowl 19th 27/08/15
1 sherd glazed brown bottle stopper
1 shard aqua blue bottle stopper
1 sherd salt glazed stoneware
11 102 1 sherd Devonshire earthenware 17th 27/08/15
1 sherd glazed brown earthenware 18th 19th
1 brown glass Bovril bottle 19th
12 102 1 sherd green/yellow glazed local earthenware 18th/19th 27/08/15
1 sherd glazed local earthenware
1 sherd Nottingham stoneware
1 sherd white china with grey/blue decoration 19th/20th
13 102 1 sherd slipware possibly Ewenny 18th/19th 27/08/15
1 sherd green/yellow glazed earthenware with a rough glaze
4 sherd glazed earthenware
1 sherd unglazed local earthenware
3 sherds green/yellow local earthenware
1 sherd green/yellow local earthenware rim
2 clay pipe stems
3 sherd grey glazed stoneware, 1 base, 1 rim 19th/20th
1 sherd bone china with flower decoration
1 sherd white china with cobalt blue glaze
1 sherd white china with blue and embossed decorations
1 sherd white glazed stoneware
1 sherd lusterware, hand painted pink decoration, partial handle
1 sherd china rim hand painted with pink decoration
14 102 3 sherds glazed local earthenware 18th 19th 27/08/15
1 shard brown glass 19th
15 102 1 sherd badly fired local earthenware 18th/19th 27/08/15
1 sherd Cream ware with mottled design
1 sherd stoneware base
8 clay pipe stems
1 sherd local possibly Ewenny slipware
1 sherd local earthenware, green/yellow glaze
2 sherds local earthenware pot rim
1 sherd local earthenware
1 sherd white china with double sided willow pattern 19th
1 sherd white china with a blue stripe 19th/20th
1 sherd white china
16 102 1 sherd glazed local earthenware 18th/19th 27/08/15
3 clay pipe stems
1 sherd light blue glazed stoneware 19th
1 sherd white ware china plate 20th

6
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8788
100 1a

DSCO8789

100 1b
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8790
100 1c

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


1 (2 bags) 100 1 sherd glazed earthenware rim 17th 11/08/15
1 sherd unglazed earthenware 18th 19th
1 sherd unglazed earthenware flower pot bottom
2 sherds unglazed earthenware rims
2 sherds unglazed earthenware building material
6 sherds glazed earthenware rims
2 sherds earthenware, glazed internally
4 sherds (refit) earthenware pot base, glazed internally
5 sherds earthenware, glazed green/yellow, local. 1 base sherd
2 sherds salt glazed stoneware
2 sherds ribbed white glazed stoneware jars, 1 rim, 1 base
1 sherd local slipware possibly Ewenny
2 sherds Staffordshire slipware
3 sherds mocha ware
3 sherds mocha base (refit)
1 sherd possible Welsh Gawdyware, pink glaze and gold lustre
decoration
1 sherd white stoneware handle, painted blue with gold lustre, possibly
Welsh Gawdy ware
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8791
2
102

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


2 102 6 sherds (5 refit) stoneware wine merchants pot 19th 20th 11/08/15
1 sherd stoneware pot rim
1 sherd inscribed stoneware wine and spirit pot
1 sherd Mocha ware
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8792
102 3

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


3 102 4 sherds (refit) Nottingham stoneware 18th 19th 11/08/15
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8793
102 4a

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


4 (2 bags) 102 4 sherds local glazed earthenware 18th 19th 11/08/15
3 sherds unglazed earthenware 1 rim
2 clay pipe stems
3 sherds yellow glazed Mocha ware 19th
4 sherds Mocha ware
1 sherd soft paste porcelain
1 sherd soft paste porcelain with blue decoration
1 sherd iron glazed stoneware
3 sherds stoneware
1 sherd Welsh Gawdy ware teacup bottom, white glazed with blue and
orange decoration
1 sherd china with blue willow pattern
3 sherds white china with blue decoration
1 sherd white china with green decoration
1 sherd white china with a embossed crown design and blue stripe
decoration
2 sherds (fragmented refit) white plate rim, with blue decoration
1 glazed earthenware teapot lid
1 sherd Dundee marmalade stoneware jar
4 shards aqua blue glass
1 shard brown glass bottle neck
1 shard frosted green glass bottle base, embossed initial “C,B”
1 sherd yellow glazed stoneware
1 sherd white ware plate rim 19th 20th
1 sherd white china
2 sherds white glazed tile
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8794
102 4b
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8795
5
102

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


5 102 1 sherd glazed local earthenware 18th/19th 19/08/15
1 sherd glazed local earthenware handle
1 clay pipe stem
1 blue glazed stoneware bottle neck
1 yellow glazed stoneware bottle neck
1 sherd white china blue willow pattern 19th
1 sherd white ware 20th
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8796
102

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


6 102 1 sherd earthenware green/yellow glazed, local 18th/19th 19/08/15
2 clay pipe stems
1 sherd white china plate rim with blue decoration 19th
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8797
7
102

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


7 102 1 sherd green/yellow glazed local earthenware 18th 19th 19/08/15
1 sherd Nottingham stoneware
1 shard frosted aqua green embossed Codds bottle 19th
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8798
102 8

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


8 102 1 sherd local slipware 18th 19th 19/08/15
2 clay pipe stems
1 sherd unglazed local earthenware base
1 sherd unglazed local earthenware rim 19th
1 sherd white china rim, with blue decoration
1 white glass pop bottle 20th
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8799
9
102

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


9 102 1 sherd earthenware, green glazed with finger imprinted decoration 18th 19th 19/08/15
2 sherds local slipware, possibly Ewenny
2 sherds brown glazed local earthenware
1 clay pipe stem
1 sherd local earthenware with partial brown glaze
1 sherd local earthenware with yellow glaze
1 sherd glazed stoneware jug 19th
1 sherd salt glazed stoneware
2 sherd (refit) stoneware jug with indented text: Morgan PHI…., WINE
& SPIRIT MERCHANT, BRISTOL
3 sherds local earthenware
1 sherd mocha ware
1 sherd white china with blue decoration
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8800
102 10

Find no Area Context Description Period Date


10 102 1 sherd mocha ware bowl 19th 27/08/15
1 sherd glazed brown bottle stopper
1 shard aqua blue bottle stopper
1 sherd salt glazed stoneware
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8801
11
102

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11 102 1 sherd Devonshire earthenware 17th 27/08/15
1 sherd glazed brown earthenware 18th 19th
1 brown glass Bovril bottle 19th
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8802
12
102

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12 102 1 sherd green/yellow glazed local earthenware 18th/19th 27/08/15
1 sherd glazed local earthenware
1 sherd Nottingham stoneware
1 sherd white china with grey/blue decoration 19th/20th
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8803
102 13

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13 102 1 sherd slipware possibly Ewenny 18th/19th 27/08/15
1 sherd green/yellow glazed earthenware with a rough glaze
4 sherd glazed earthenware
1 sherd unglazed local earthenware
3 sherds green/yellow local earthenware
1 sherd green/yellow local earthenware rim
2 clay pipe stems
3 sherd grey glazed stoneware, 1 base, 1 rim 19th/20th
1 sherd bone china with flower decoration
1 sherd white china with cobalt blue glaze
1 sherd white china with blue and embossed decorations
1 sherd white glazed stoneware
1 sherd lusterware, hand painted pink decoration, partial handle
1 sherd china rim hand painted with pink decoration
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8804
14
102

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14 102 3 sherds glazed local earthenware 18th 19th 27/08/15
1 shard brown glass 19th
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSCO8805
15
102

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15 102 1 sherd badly fired local earthenware 18th/19th 27/08/15
1 sherd Cream ware with mottled design
1 sherd stoneware base
8 clay pipe stems
1 sherd local possibly Ewenny slipware
1 sherd local earthenware, green/yellow glaze
2 sherds local earthenware pot rim
1 sherd local earthenware
1 sherd white china with double sided willow pattern 19th
1 sherd white china with a blue stripe 19th/20th
1 sherd white china
A.P.A.C. Ltd Appendix III FINDS WB/OYC/15

DSC09092
16
102

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16 102 1 sherd glazed local earthenware 18th/19th 22/10/15
3 clay pipe stems
1 sherd light blue glazed stoneware 19th
1 sherd white ware china plate 20th