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Products Solutions Services

Coriolis

Promass

Slide 1 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Coriolis Measuring Principle

Direct Measurement
•  = Phase shift
• m = Mass flow
• fR = Resonance frequency
 ~ m
•  = Density
fR ~ 
•  = Resistance (PT1000)
 ~ T • T = Temperature

Slide 2 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Overview of calculated values

• V = Volume flow
V = m/

• VN = Standard volume flow = Volume flow at fixed p and T


VN = m/N (note: N is a fixed value for each fluid)

• c = Concentration
Concentration can be calculated from density
• μ,η = Viscosity
Viscosity can be calculated from oscillation damping. Viscosity
measurement is only available with the Promass 83I.

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Coriolis_Promass

Why Measure Mass


• Temperature / Pressure

• Volume 1  Volume 2

• Mass 1 = Mass 2

Mass 1 Mass 2
Volume 1 Volume 2

Slide 4 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Traditional Mass Measurement

Discontinuous, direct Continuous, indirect

V = Volume flow
r = Density

m = Mass flow

Slide 5 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Standard 2nd Containment Enhanced Process Security

• Additional safety measure for corrosive/abrasive fluid

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Coriolis_Promass

Vibration effect
20
Fisher-Rosemount ELITE CMF100
Effect of interference vibr ation,
15 0.5g, zero flow, tubes empty

10
zero stability [kg/h]

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500

-5 fr equency [Hz]

-10

-15

-20

26.7.96

• Coriolis flowmeters show high instability if pipe vibration is the same


as operating frequency of measurement tube.

Slide 7 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Vibration effects: How it should be


20
E+H Promass DN25/1"
15
Effect of interference vibration,
0.5g, zero flow, tubes empty

10
zero stability [kg/h]

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500

-5 frequency [Hz]

-10 • Inherent zero stability by design


• Rigid secondary enclosure
-15
• Sophisticated welding and manufacturing techniques
-20 • High resonant frequency (>500 Hz)
• If external noise can’t get in and cause zero problems, then
vibration doesn’t get out and cause crosstalk problems
between adjacent meters.
Slide 8 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Coriolis_Promass

Less Installation Constraint

• Compact design
• Vertically or horizontal installation.
• Less installation constraint

3”

Slide 9 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Self Draining Design

• No liquid stays inside


• No sedimentation of solids
• No corrosion
• Less sensitive to clogging
• EHEDG certified, 3A approved (Promass P - Pharmaceutical
application)

Slide 10 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Installation Guidelines

• Coriolis flowmeters DO NOT require


straight inlet or outlet runs
• Elbow, valves or pumps upstream do
not affect the performance of coriolis

Full pipe
• Best installation: In vertical pipeline
with flow streaming upwards
• Good alternative: Horizontal
orientation on a low point in a
pipeline

Slide 11 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Installation Guideline

• Consider the following restriction:


• Avoid installation at the highest
point of a pipeline.
• Avoid installation directly upstream
of a free pipe outlet in a vertical
pipeline.

• If installation before a free pipe


outlet is inevitable:
• Decrease nominal outlet diameter
(Pipe restrictor or an orifice plate).
• Consult operating manual for
recommended orifice sizes.

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Coriolis_Promass

Installation Guidelines

Entrained gas

Entrained solids

With curved measuring tubes and horizontal installation:


• Entrained solids in liquids: Do not install the curve pointing
downwards. (Risk of accumulating solids)
• Entrained gas in liquids: Do not install the curve pointing upwards.
(Risk of accumulating gas)

Slide 13 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Coriolis Mass Flow Measurement

Product overview Promass


Promass 80 Promass 83

Promass 200

Promass 100

Slide 14 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Proline Coriolis sensor models by industry

F E S P I H A X O Cube
Promass mass

Industry

Chemical

Food and
Beverage

Life Sciences

Oil and Gas

Lead product industry optimized Supporting product for special applications

Slide 15 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Sensor Models

Promass E – Cost effective measuring device


• Measuring tube material: Stainless steel
• Process temperature up to 140ºC
• Nominal Diameter: DN 8 to 80 (3/8” to 3”)
• Measuring Error up to ± 0.10% o.r

Promass F – Universal Solution


• Mass flow measurement up to 2200 t/h
• Measuring tube material: Stainless steel, Alloy C-22
• High temperature version up to 350ºC
• Process pressures up to 100 bar (1450 psi)
• Nominal Diameter: DN 8 to 250 (3/8” to 10”)
• Measuring error up to ± 0.05% o.r

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Coriolis_Promass

Sensor Models

Promass A – When every drop counts


• Measuring tube material: Stainless steel, Alloy C-22
• Process temperature up to 200ºC
• Nominal Diameter: DN 1 to 4 (1/24” to 1/8”)
• Measuring Error up to ± 0.10% o.r

Promass I – Multivariable solution


• Measuring tube material: Titanium
• Process temperature up to 150ºC
• Nominal Diameter: DN 8 to 250 (3/8” to 10”)
• Measuring error up to ± 0.10% o.r DN 8 to 80 (3/8” to 3”)
• Viscosity measurement with Promass 83I

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Coriolis_Promass

Sensor Models – Hygienic Application

Promass S – The food specialist


• Measuring tube material: Stainless steel
• Process temperature up to 150ºC
• Nominal Diameter: DN 8 to 50 (3/8” to 2”)
• Measuring Error up to ± 0.10% o.r

Promass P – Specialized for life sciences industry


• Measuring tube material: Stainless steel
• Process temperature up to 200ºC
• Nominal Diameter: DN 8 to 50 (3/8” to 2”)
• Measuring Error up to ± 0.10% o.r

Features & Benefits


• CIP & SIP cleaning possibility
• Compliance to industry requirement :
• Promass S: EHEDG, 3-A & FDA approval
• Promass P: ASME BPE, ISPE, EHEDG, 3-A & FDA

Slide 18 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Sensor Models - Oil & Gas Industry

Promass X– Four Tube Coriolis Flowmeter


• Maximum flow rates up to 4100 metric t/h
• All 316L NACE – compliant stainless steel
• Accurate billing with fully traceable accuracy ±0.05% o.r.
• Process Connections: DN 300 to 400 (12” to 16”)

Promass O – Corriosion resistance, robust and precise


• Fluid wetted parts are made of Super Duplex (25Cr duplex)
• Highest resistance to stress corrosion cracking –
• Fully traceable accuracy ±0.05% o.r.
• Process temperature: -50 to +200ºC
• Nominal Diameter: DN 80 to 150 (3” to 6”)

Slide 19 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Sensor Models – Chemical Industry

Promass H – For corrosive medium


• Measuring tube material: Tantalum, Zirconium
• Process temperature up to 200ºC
• Nominal Diameter: DN 8 to 50 (3/8” to 2”)
• Measuring Error up to ± 0.10% o.r

Slide 20 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Proline 40: The basic Economical solution

Communication
•0/4..20mA; 0...1kHz
•HART
•Service interface
(Connection to Tooling)

Up to 3 cable glands

Human Machine Interface


(HMI)
•Blind version
•optionally: 2-line back-lit
display in plain text

Measuring values
•m, V

Data storage
•S-DAT™

Slide 21 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Promass 80: The Standard Transmitter

Communication
•0/4..20mA; 0...1kHz
•HART + Profibus PA
•Service interface
(Connection to Tooling)

Up to 5 cable glands

Human Machine Interface


(HMI)
•Quick Setup for a fast and
easy commissioning
•Push-button operation
•2-line back-lit display:
Display in plain text

Digital Com Measuring values


•m, V, , T

Data storage
•S-DAT™
Slide 22 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Coriolis_Promass

Promass 83: The High-End Transmitter

Communication
•Flexible I/O-Modules
•HART, PA, DP, FF, Modbus
•Service interface (connection to
Tooling)
Human Machine Interface (HMI)
•Quick Setup for a fast and easy
commissioning
•Touch Control operation allows
programming without opening
of electronics
•4-line back-lit display
Modular Software concept
•Concentration calculation (Brix, Plato, °API, etc)
•Batching functions
•Viscosity measurement and
•Advanced diagnostics
Data storage
•S-DAT™, T-DAT™, F-CHIP™
Slide 23 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Coriolis_Promass

Proline Coriolis and MID sensor models by industry


F E S P I H A X O Cube
mass
Promass

P H
Promag

Proline 100 Proline 200


Proline 80/83
transmitter transmitter

Slide 24 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

2-wire Technology Flow Measurement


Benefits of 2-wire
• Easy integration, as per any other loop powered device; 4–20 mA HART protocol.
Reducing complexity and standardizing integration.
• High operational safety in Ex areas due to intrinsically safe design (Ex ia)
• Reduced costs for installation and wiring

Promass E 200 – for basic application


• Measuring tube material: 1.4539/904L
• Process temperature: –40 to +140 °C (–40 to +284 °F)
• Nominal diameters: DN 8 to 50 (3/8 to 2")
• Measuring error: ± 0.25% o.r.

Promass F 200 – the proven multi talent


• Measuring tube material: 1.4539/904L or Alloy C-22 for
corrosive fluids
• Process temperature: –50 to +200 °C (–58 to +392 °F)
• Nominal diameters: DN 8 to 50 (3/8 to 2")
• Measuring error: ± 0.10% o.r.

Slide 25 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Proline 200: Intrinsic safety


Safest approach to explosion protection.

Compared with most other methods, inexpensive and easy to implement

Intrinsically safe design.


Intrinsically safe installation.

4-20 mA

Housing can be opened in the field


under power.
Zone 1 Zone 2
Cl.I Div1 Cl.I Div2 Connection compartment & Electronic
Barrier (3rd party or E+H)
Slide 26 24/03/2013 SW Lim compartment are Ex ia (IS)
Coriolis_Promass

Proline 200: Low installation costs


2-wire, loop powered makes life easier.

Reduced cabling, less components thus savings installation time and costs.

The 4-wire world Power cable


Proline Ex d housing Ex d /Ex de

Signal cable
Ex ia (IS) (output)

Ex d/e (Flameproof) cable


Slide 27 Cable24/03/2013
tray ExSW
d (Flameproof)
Lim armored cable
gland
Coriolis_Promass

Proline 200: HistoROM Data management

HistoROM – Basic HistoROM – Extended

• Backup of transmitter data


• Data logging
• Min./max. values – max. 1000 values,
• Totalizers – 4 channels (free assignment),
– logging interval: 1 to 3600 sec.
• List of max. 5 active errors with help
instructions: • – visualization via display and
FieldCare
• Event list of max. 20 events
event types: • Event logging to max. 100 events.
errors, resets, change of device
configuration, download of new parameter
set, power on/off, etc.

Sensor S-DAT™

• Calibration data
• Diameter, serial number

Slide 28 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

HistoROM

• Example HistoROM functionality

Electronic change during night shift

The HistoROM is
fixed in the housing
(can not be lost or
“forgotten”)

Slide 29 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

HistoROM – Configuration management

• Backup functionality: Backup / Restore / Duplicate

• in combination with local display


Backup

Restore
Duplicate

Duplicate
Measuring point 1 Measuring point 2

Slide 30 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

The smallest flowmeter

Comparing two full-


featured devices!

Identical
• Measuring performance
• Accuracy
• Functionality

Slide 31 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

3 housings to choose from


IP69K External high pressure cleaning
Hygienic ultra compact

Hygienic

Aluminum

Promass:
P/S/E/F/A/H/I/O/X 100 und Cubemass 100

Promag:
H und P

Slide 32 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

HistoROM® – Configuration management

Backup functionality with local HistoROM DAT and web server:


enables: Backup / Restore / Duplication

Backup
Restore

Duplicate

Measuring point 1 Measuring point 2, 3, 4, etc.

Slide 33 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Operation with standard web browser

• All Proline four-wire devices feature


integrated web server

• Fast and easy connection to the device


via standard LAN cable
(RJ45 connectors)

• Full device access without special


tools or interfaces

No special tools or interfaces required


 Saves time
Slide 34 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Coriolis_Promass

Heartbeat Technology™ – Product Options

Heartbeat Monitoring
Continuous output of measuring results and status information for the
purpose of condition monitoring

Heartbeat Verification
Documentation of flowmeter functionality on demand, result is a
verification report

Heartbeat Monitoring Heartbeat Verification


• ------------------
• ------------------
• ------------------ Pass / Fail
• ------------------
• ------------------

Heartbeat Technology
Diagnosis

Slide 35 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Chemical: Hexane with rubber pellets


Instrument: Promass 83F

Industry: Chemical

Fluid: Hexane with


rubber pellets

Reason:
• Clogging problems with
PD flowmeters

Benefits:
• No maintenance

• Self draining

• Advanced Diagnostics to detect


built-up

Slide 36 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Food: Malt, Honey, Palm Oil


Instrument: Promass 83I
Industry: Food
Fluid: Honey, malt,
palm oil

Reasons:
• High viscosity
• Self draining
Benefits:
• Low pressure drop
• Easy cleaning

Slide 37 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Palm Oil: Alcohol


Instrument: Promass 83F
Industry: Palm oil
Fluid: Alcohol

Reason:
• Batching of alcohol into the
reactor for esterification
process.

Benefits:
• Accurate batching for
improved process control

Slide 38 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Palm Oil: Alcohol


Industry : Oleochemical
Requirement : To replace Vortex flowmeter with a higher accuracy flowmeter

Process Conditions:
Fluid : Liquid alcohol
Flowrate : 40…600 kg/h
Temperature : 60 ... 160 °C
Pressure : 3.5 … 6.0 bar a
Pipe Size : DN 50

Benefits:
• Higher measuring accuracy (±0.25%
o.r.) compare to vortex flowmeter
(±0.75% o.r.)
• Avoid additional cabling cost (if replace
with 4-wire instruments)
• No inlet and outlet requirements

Slide 39 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Palm Oil: Refined Palm Oil


Instrument: Promass 80F

Industry: Palm oil

Fluid: Refined
palm oil

Reasons:
• Direct mass flow
measurement

• Non-conductive liquid

Benefits:
• Accurate inventory of storage
tanks

Slide 40 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Waste Water: % solids concentration


Instrument: Promass 83I

Industry: Waste water

Fluid: Sewage, sludge


4 to 6% dry solid matter

Reason:

• Concentration measurement

Benefits:

• Precise in-line measurement of the currently existing concentration

• Display and output of the concentration value

• Possibility to determine degree of efficiency of gas production

• Easy installation of the measuring device


Slide 41 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Coriolis_Promass

Petrochemical: Fuel Oil


Instrument: Promass 83F
Industry: Petrochemical
Fluid: Fuel Oil

Application:
• Truck loading
• Custody Transfer

Benefits:
• Compact installation
• Accurate loading to/from
truck

Slide 42 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Offshore Crude Oil Test Separator


Instrument: Promass 83F

Industry: Oil & Gas

Fluid: Crude Oil

Reason:

• Previous turbine frequently clogged


and was not self-draining

Benefits:

• No maintenance

• Reliable measurement

• Self-draining

Slide 43 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Oil& Gas: Corrosion Inhibitor


Instrument: Promass 83A

Industry: Oil & Gas

Fluid: Corrosion Inhibitor

Reasons:
• Control of flow rate

• Handling of pulsating flow due to


piston pump

• Checking of Dosing Pump

Benefits:
• Maintenance free flow measurement

• Saving of chemicals due to accurate


dosing

Slide 44 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Coriolis_Promass

Advantages & Limitations of Coriolis

Advantages
• Direct, continuous mass flow measurement
• Multivariable: simultaneous measurement of mass flow, density and
temperature
• High measuring accuracy (up to ±0.05% o.r.)
• Not affected by flow profile: no straight inlet/outlet runs required

Limitations
• Pressure loss
• Measurement of single phase only
• Relatively high purchase price
with others

Slide 45 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Products Solutions Services

Any Questions?

Slide 46 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Products Solutions Services

Vortex

Prowirl

Slide 47 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Vortex Applications

Liquids
Steam

Gases

Slide 48 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

All you need for vortex measurement


Transmitter

f = Vortex frequency
V = Volume flow

f~V

DSC Sensor
Bluff Body

Slide 49 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Differential Switched Capacitor Sensor


Electrode 2
Electrode 1

Counter Electrode & Paddle


have the same mass
= perfectly balanced system
= immune against vibrations
Laser welding not in
touch with process
= no corrosion
Signal Amplitude

Trigger Level
The movement of the paddle
generates sinusidal voltage change
between Electrode 1 and 2

Slide 50 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Measuring Range of a Vortex Flowmeter

1. Low flow limitation – Reynolds number


• Vortex performs best at Re> 20,000
• Increase of viscosity due to low process temperature  lower Re number
• Small flow velocity  lower Re number

2. Low flow limitation – density/velocity


• Higher density and velocity creates stronger signal

Slide 52 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Effects of build-up and abrasion


If no corrosion and operating
Radius because of
at velocity's that could cause
erosion (>50m/sec for abrasion
abrasive gases) then the has no effect
meter calibration is for life!!!

Amplifier or Sensor changes


do not influence the
performance!

*** Life-Time-Calibration ***

Build-up has no effect

Slide 53 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Vibration Immunity

4 Z-Axis
Y-Axis
3.5
Acceleration (g)

2.5
2

1.5

0.5
X-Axis
0
20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 300 400 500

Frequency (Hz)

X-Axis Y-Axis Z-Axis

Test proves vibration immunity: exceeds1g in all axes from 20 to 500 Hz

Slide 54 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

High Resistance to Water Hammer

• Water hammer simulator at


University of Karlsruhe
• Tested with water slugs up to
100m/s (>350 km/h)
• No effect on sensor performance or
calibration

Puddle of water is shot against


the meter if the rupture disc
bursts due to high pressure

Slide 55 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Vortex Temperature Shock Test


• Heating sensor to +400ºC

• Shock cooling in water +25ºC

• 3X reheating to +400ºC and shock


cooling in liquid nitrogen -196ºC

Slide 56 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Products Solutions Services

Prowirl 200

Slide 57 24/03/2013 Seou Wei


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Bridge between current and new generation

Transmitter
• New opportunities due to
increased computing power

(New transmitter housing and new housing strut)

Sensor

• Proven & robust sensor

• All sensor parts remain the same

(All meterbodies and DSC – Sensors)

Slide 58 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Prowirl 200 is optimized for steam applications!

Wet steam detection


USP!

100% steam quality


• Worldwide unique
• Incredible
customer value
• Stepping stone to
“wet steam
measurement”
• Patented!
80% steam quality

Slide 59 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Launch Prowirl 200

Prowirl 200 is optimized for steam applications!

Increased safety and efficiency for plant operation!


USP!
• To avoid water/steam hammer

• Control of boiler operation

• Increased performance for e.g. heat exchangers

Specification:
• Available for Prowirl F 200 with Option „Mass
flow sensor“ (integrated temperature probe + flow
computer) and Option„Wet steam detection“
• Available linesizes: 1“… 4“ (DN25…100)
• Pressure range up to 160 psi (11bar)
• Temperature range +248…365°F (+120…185°C)

Slide 60 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Why Prowirl 200 for steam measurement?

Wet steam detection

Customer statement Prowirl 200 feature Customer value


• Steam boilers are • Prowirl 200 has got • “Wet steam detection” can
suspect to worldwide unique warn in case of poor steam
priming/carry over. “wet steam quality, can be used as an
• Steam can condensate detection” indicator of carry over and
out over distance or therefore increase the plant
because of poor safety.
insulation

Slide 61 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Why Prowirl 200 for steam measurement?

Wet steam detection


Customer statement Prowirl 200 feature Customer value

• The goal is to run an • Prowirl 200’s • Increased efficiency – Wet


efficient steam worldwide unique “wet steam can transport way
process steam detection” warns less energy than saturated
in case of wet steam or superheated steam. In
case of wet steam the
operator can adjust his
boiler/steam system to
achieve higher efficiency.

100% steam quality 80% steam quality

Slide 62 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Prowirl 200 is optimized for steam measurement

IAPWS - table

The International Association for the


Properties of Water and Steam

• Mass and energy


compensation for
wet/saturated and
superheated steam
• Compensation with
temperature and
pressure (fixed or
dynamic)

Slide 63 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Vortex – Prowirl 200

Endress+Hauser – Vortex solutions for steam

Prowirl 200 MV
Functionality

- multivariable
- sat. steam mass Prowirl 200 MV Steam Package
and energy with p input - P measured
- sup. Steam - multivariable - T measured
at const. - pressure read in - external
pressure via 4..20mA, HART, compensation
- T measured Profibus PA or FF in - RS33 (1
Prowirl 200 vol. - IAPWS-IF97 - T measured app.)
- stable process - wet steam - IAPWS-IF97 - RMS621 (3)
conditions alarm - wet steam alarm - RSG40 (8)
Price

Slide 64 24/03/2013 MTV


Prowirl 200 Product Launch

What is steam?

Example:
• Heating water from 20°C (A) to 100°C (B) requires 4.2kJ/kg of
energy (hf)
• Converting water (B) to steam (C) at 100°C and 1.013 bar abs
requires 2255kJ/kg of energy (hfg)
• Total enthalpy from (A) to (C)
= hf + hfg
= 2259.2 kJ/kg
Slide 65 24/03/2013 Seou Wei
Prowirl 200 Product Launch

The Dryness of Steam (x)


• x=0; water is fully
saturated
• x=1; Dry saturated
steam
• x=0.8 ; 80% mass of the
water is in gaseous state
and 20% is in liquid
state

Example:
• If dryness fraction, x = 0.8
• Actual total enthalpy from (A) to (C)
= hf + hfg . x
= 4.2 kJ/kg + (2255kJ/kg . 0.8)
= 1812.4 kJ/kg
Wet steam has lower usable heat energy than dry saturated steam

Slide 66 24/03/2013 Seou Wei


The new Prowirl 200

How can we do something nobody else can?

 Project scope: 2.7 Mio CHF 


Slide 67 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo
Launch Prowirl 200

Prowirl 200 corrects poor installation!

Inlet run compensation


(Standard, only available for Prowirl F 200 for linesizes ½”… 6”) USP!

Effect of Bends

Inlet run down to 10 x D

 allows correction for poor installation with an additional error of only 0.5% o.r.

Slide 68 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Prowirl 200 is a robust and reliable flowmeter!

Inlet run compensation

Customer statement Prowirl 200 feature Customer value


• The required inlet • Inlet run • In the previous shown
run cannot be met. compensation enables situations shorter inlet
correction in case of length are possible –
poor installation no additional pipe
work or pipe
modifications are
required

Slide 69 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Prowirl 200 for gas measurement!

Gas engine

Prowirl 200 offers mass-/ and energy compensation for gases USP!

• Available as Application packages:


• Air + Industrial Gases

Density compensation Energy compensation

NEL40 GPA2127

• Natural Gas

Density compensation Energy compensation


ISO 12213-2 AGA5
AGA8-DC92
AGA NX19 ISO 6976
GPA 2172
ISO 12213-3
SGERG 88
AGA8 Gross 1

Slide 70 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

“Gas Engine”

Prowirl 200 features recognised calculation methods for gas parameters


to enable an accurate gas flow measurement!
Customer specific settings
(gases/mixtures, reference
conditions…)

“Gas Engine” Result


20 gases available, gas • Gas parameters for all
mixtures from up to 8 process conditions
components • Gas parameter for
reference/standard
Accurate calculation of… conditions
• Operating density
• Reference/standard density Accurate measurement of
• Energy gases (esp. Natural gas) and
• Viscosity gas mixtures

Process parameters
(temperature, pressure)
 Prowirl 200 features integrated temperature measurement and
current input for easy wiring of a pressure transmitter

Slide 71 24/03/2013
Vortex – Prowirl 200

Prowirl solutions for gas

Prowirl 200 MV Prowirl 200 MV Gas Package


- multivariable with p input - P measured
Functionality

- real gases at - multivariable - T measured


const. pressure - pressure read in - mass, corr. Vol.
- T measured via 4..20mA, HART, and energy
- mass, corr. Vol. Profibus PA or FF (fuels)
and energy - T measured - external
(fuels) - mass, corr. Vol. and compensation
- Gas Engine energy (fuels) in - RMC621
Prowirl 200 vol. - Natural Gas - Gas Engine (max. 3 app.)
- stable process (NX-19, SGERG, - Natural Gas (NX-19, - RSG40 (max.
conditions AGA8) SGERG, AGA8) 8 app.)
Price

Slide 72 24/03/2013 MTV


Vortex - Prowirl

Common Vortex Installation

3.
1. 2. 4. 5.

About 70% of all vortex installations require a reduction of line


size, including:

1. reducer
2. min. 15 DN straight run (inlet)
3. Vortex
4. min. 5 DN straight run (outlet)
5. expander

Slide 73 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl
All of this is replaced now – by one flow meter!
with the same specifications…

DN100 Prowirl F sensor DN100/4” S Style


to DN50 super reduced by two line sizes to DN50/2”

DN100 Prowirl F sensor DN100/4” R Style


to DN80 reduced by one line size to DN80/3”

DN100 Prowirl F sensor DN100/4” standard

Slide 74 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Prowirl F, FR, FS “Dualsens”

• The Dualsens model has one single


meter body with only one bluff body but
two individual sensors and transmitters

• The model is used in applications where


redundancy of a measuring point is
required
• When a plant/process can’t be shut
down in case of a failure (e.g. boiler
mains)
• When a critical process variable needs
crosschecking with a second value

Slide 75 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Steam Measurement with Prowirl

• Because of the technological advantages of Prowirl most of its


applications can be found in steam metering

• About half of all Prowirl are installed in steam applications

• Temperature shocks and water hammer at startup require an extremely


robust flow meter such as Prowirl

• The Prowirl measures the volumetric flowrate of steam accurate and


independently of process conditions

• The Prowirl 73 can additionally compute the massflow of saturated steam

Slide 76 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Product Presentation Prowirl 200

Proline 200 – the two-wire concept

Housing

Alu (compact/remote) 316L (compact/remote)

Approvals
ATEX

Display

SD02 SD03 Remote Display


FHX50

Electronics
4-20mA 4-20mA 4-20mA
4-20mA + PFS 4-20mA 4-20mA IN PA + PFS FF + PFS

Slide 77 24/03/2013 MTV


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

First uniform two-wire concept for flow and level

Increases safety and reduces costs


for planning, acquisition and operation/maintenance
Uniform transmitter New features
• Housing / ex-approvals • Uniform for flow and level
• HMI / software • Diagnostics according to
… now with NE107
• Components / spare parts
• Interfaces (CDI) Prowirl 200! • Smart backup concept
• Data management (HistoROM)
• Documentation • Full text error handling

Flow Level

Promass Promag Prowirl Prosonic Flow Micropilot Prosonic (2014) Levelflex

Slide 78 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Housings

Aluminium housing(GT20) Stainless steel housing (GT18)


Compact
Remote

Cable length up to 90 feet

Slide 79 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Overview of I/O-Module for Prowirl 200

SIL for
I/O Order option/ Output/Input Digital
Approvals 1st current
Module function specification communication
output

A:4-20 mA HART 1 Output (passiv)

B:4-20 mA HART + 2 Outputs


Pulse/Freq./Switch (passiv)

C:4-20 mA HART + 2 Outputs


4-20 mA Output (passiv)

D:4-20 mA HART + NI
2 Outputs+
Pulse/Freq./Switch + 4-20
1 Input (passiv)
mA Input

G: PROFIBUS PA + Profibus +
Pulse/Freq./Switch 1 Output (passiv)

E: FOUNDATION Fieldbus + FF-Bus + Available


Pulse/Freq./Switch 1 Output (passiv) 2014

Slide 80 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Prowirl 200 - the next step in vortex technology

Prowirl 200 offers multivariable solutions!

World‘s first vortex flowmeter with current input


enables fully compensated mass-/standard volume flow or USP!
delta heat measurement

Only available with “Mass flow” option

Slide 81 24/03/2013 Constantin Schoo


Proline Prowirl 200 – Service aspects

Heartbeat TechnologyTM – standard and option

Reliable self-monitoring system in all new Proline flow-meters

• On-demand confirmation
Payable of flow-meter functionality
option Verification • Documentation of device
status for quality assurance
Heartbeat Technology
for Prowirl 200

• Device status, continuous information


• Reduction of unnecessary
Standard Diagnostics maintenance
• Quick, concise remedy in case of
failure

Slide 82 24/03/2013 E+H Flowtec Marketing


Proline Prowirl 200 – Service aspects

Heartbeat verification – scope of tests

Heartbeat verification captures critical device parameters along the entire signal chain

Heartbeat Technology
for Prowirl 200

Sensor Main
Sensor Pre-amplifier I/O module
integrity electronic

• Integrity of • Symmetry of • Reference • Supervision • Internal


DSC – Sensor DSC – sensor clock of the verification: Current
cover and • Check of • Vortex signal supply output loop-back
membrane integrated processing voltages • External
(detection of temperature path verification:
leakage) sensors (only to verify frequency
• Temperature
Massflow signal path and pulse outputs
option) (amperemeter,
pulse-
/frequencymeter
required)

Slide 83 24/03/2013 MTV


Vortex – Prowirl 200

Is your device OK? Sample Heartbeat verification

Slide 84 24/03/2013 MTV


Prowirl 200 Product Launch

Sample of Heartbeat Verification Report

Slide 85 24/03/2013 Seou Wei


Proline added value – HistoROM

HistoROM in Proline 200

Display module Embedded HistoROM


• Backup of • Memory with current
transmitter transmitter data
data • Min./max. values
• Restore of settings to • Totalizers
same (restore) or another
(duplicate) device • List of max. 5 active
errors with help instructions
• Event list of max. 20 events
event types
HistoROM S-DAT™ • HistoROM extendend
• Calibration data (optional):

• Diameter, serial number ▸ Data logging


 max. 1000 values
 up to 4 channels
Prowirl 200 S-Dat 
 visualization of data
▸ Event logging up to 100
events

Slide 86 24/03/2013 MTV


Vortex – Prowirl 200

Example: duplication of measuring points using display

Slide 87 24/03/2013 MTV


Vortex - Prowirl

What type of steam is measured?


1. Saturated steam  >85% of Vortex steam applications
• In most industries used for heating and to be added to processes
• Density is defined by either pressure OR temperature
• Process conditions usually 4…15 bar /145…200°C
• Saturated steam sometimes becomes slightly overheated. This leads to
small errors if not considered

2. Superheated steam  Normally measured with a Dp solution


• Used for high energy flow i.e. power generation
• To define density pressure AND temperature is needed
• Process conditions often >300°C and pressure >80 bar

Slide 88 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Limitations in Vortex Steam Applications

1. Nominal Bore
• In power generation and very large main line after the boiler sizes >NB
300 are installed
• Diameters larger NB150 versions in general are quite expensive compared
with other technologies

2. Hi Pressure
• High pressure versions of Prowirl cover up to PN250 but are limited to
max. NB150
• High pressure versions are generally more expensive then dP solutions for
this applications

3. Hi Temperature
• Whilst saturated steam applications are well below 400°C superheated
steam is occasionally even higher in temperature

Slide 89 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Installation requirement

Slide 90 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Flow conditioner to reduce inlet run


Slide 91 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Vortex - Prowirl

What should be improved?

Slide 92 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Prowirl 73F – Saturated Steam in Chemical Plant

• Borden Chemicals

• Brisbane, Australia

• Saturated steam

• Prowirl 73F

• Remote electronics for


easy access

Slide 93 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Prowirl 72F – High pressure steam


• Saturated steam, wet

• Pressure 110 bar/1635 PSI

• Temperature 320 °C/610 °F

• Flow Range 680 kg/h /1500 lb/h

• Prowirl 72F:72F40-S92AA1NAB0AW

• NB 1 ½” and 2”
Chevron Cl.1500 TSP flanges
Bakersfield, California

Slide 94 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Superheated Steam

• Internal Billing Application in


chemical industry
• Superheated steam measurement
• V, T and P wired to flow computer
• Mass calculation of superheated
steam

Slide 95 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Prowirl 72F – Demineralized Water


Measurement technology:
• PROline Prowirl 7x

Process:
• Monitoring the flow rate of demi-
water for controlling the desalination
plant.
• Medium: Demineralized water
• Operation: max. 2 bar, max. 25°C

Features:
• Compact device with flanges for easy
instrumentation without extra
equipment.
• Wide turndown of up to 40:1 for safety
flow rates while fluctuate process.
• Proven capacitive sensor and the
„Vortex“ system itself for long term
accuracy.

Slide 96 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Prowirl 72F Dualsens – Liquid Bitumen

• Chemical plant
• Liquid bitumen
• 300°C
• Dualsens model

Slide 97 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Prowirl 72F – Liquid Nitrogen

• Ossigeno, Switzerland
• Road tanker unloading
• Several temperature
shocks of >200 °K / week
• Liquid N2
• -190 °C, 10 bar

Slide 98 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Vortex - Prowirl

Advantages and Limitation

Advantages
• High pressure range
• Suitable for gas, steam and
liquids
• High temperature range
• Independent of gas properties

Limitations
• Sizes max. DN 300
• Min. flow limitation

Slide 99 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Products Solutions Services

Any Questions?

Slide 100 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Products Solutions Services

Electromagnetic

Promag

Slide 101 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Measuring Principle of Electromagnetic Flowmeter

Uflow = induced voltage


v = flow velocity
Q = volume flow

Uflow ~ v

Q=v*A

Approx. 300 μV per m/s

Slide 102 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Range of conductivity in liquids

Oil, Hydrocarbons
0.05 μS/cm Ultra pure water

Water: Pure water


1 μS/cm
Min. Conductivity
for EMF’s 5 μS/cm
10 μS/cm Industrial water

100 μS/cm
Potable water
1 mS/cm
Food: Beer
Milk
10 mS/cm Orange juice
Apple juice
Tomato juice
100 mS/cm
Process: Phosphoric acid
Sulphuric acid
1000 mS/cm Hydrochloric acid
Caustic soda

Slide 103 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Solution against partial filling


conventional technology, The E+H way,
many competitors Empty Pipe Detection Electrode

 no alarm  Full Pipe detection


 huge measurement error  prevention from process malfunctions

Slide 104 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Promag 50 & 53: Electrode Cleaning Circuit (ECC)

• ECC inhibits the build-up


of (conductive) coating

• Turn on as a preventive
Measuring measurement
electrodes
U
• Useful in hot water
(>50°C) applications to
avoid magnetite coating

Reference
electrode

Slide 105 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Preferred Installation of a Flowmeter


• It is ideal to install a flowmeter into a vertical pipe with sufficient
straight length up-stream because…
• …the flowmeter is either full or completely empty
• …if there is no flow solids will sink and air will rise away from the
flowmeter

Slide 106 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Make sure the EPD is at the top of pipe


Problem:
• The empty pipe detection electrode must be at the highest point of a
horizontally installed EMF to work properly
Solution:
• Installed in a horizontal pipe the EMF transmitter/terminal housing must
be located on top of the pipe
In applications where a
partly filled pipe is not
Measuring Empty pipe likely the orientation of the
electrodes detection (EPD) electrodes doesn’t matter

Reference electrode

Slide 107 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Plan sufficient straight pipe up- and downstream


Problem:
• An EMF installed in short distance after a profile disturbance will suffer
measuring errors due to a disturbed flow profile
Solution:
•Install the flow meter according to the installation recommendation with
sufficient straight pipe

 5 x NB  2 x NB
The EMF is by principle not
very sensitive to a disturbed
flow profile yet to obtain
the specified accuracy no
compromises should be
 5 x NB made
 5 x NB

Slide 108 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Promag Sensor Design

EPD electrode Housing

Liner Measuring electrode

Measuring tube
Stainless steel

Reference electrode Coil system

Slide 109 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Optimal Choice of Electrodes & Liners

Standard Bullet nose Neck Bow W-Carbide Brush Exchangeable


electrode electrode electrode electrode electrode electrode electrode
95%
PU thick – Fine – –
Standard Fat films abrasive
coating *
slurry
Hard thick – – –
rubber Standard Fat films Coating
coating *

PTFE thick Fruit, – – –


Standard Fat films
coating * veget. mash*

PFA thick Fruit, – – –


Standard Fat films
coating * veget. mash*
Natural – – – – Fine Rocky –
rubber abrasive slurries
slurry*
* Available as a special product

Slide 110 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Sensor Models for Water/ Waste Water

Promag D
• Compact design with wafer version process connections
• Process Temperature: 0 to +60ºC
• Liners: Polyamide
• Nominal diameters: DN 25 to 100 (1” to 4")

Promag L
• Available in various type of process connection: Flanged, Lap-joint
flanged
• Process temperature up to +90ºC
• Liners: Polyurethane, Hard Rubber, PTFE
• Nominal diameters: DN 50 to 2400 (2” to 96")

Promag W
• Process temperature up to +80ºC
• Liners: Polyurethane, Hard Rubber
• Nominal diameters: DN 25 to 2000 (1” to 80")

Slide 111 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Promag L
Promag L DN 50 – 300
• Weight reduction
• Lap joint flange connection
• Increase competitiveness
• Without compromising standard customer
requirements

Lean Sensor for all diameters!


Promag L
Promag L DN 350 – 2400
• Weight reduction  face to face length
according to ISO standards or 1:1
• Without compromising:
• Measuring performance
• Good engineering practice
• International industry standard or safety
requirements

Slide 112 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Promag W-Two painting procedures available

Two different painting procedures as standard offering

Standard IP68 application Buried application


fulfills corrosion protection fulfillment of IM2/3
class C5-M acc. EN/ISO 12944 according EN/ISO 12944
(suitable for under water, saline
environment)

Slide 113 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

IP 68/ Type 6P Definition


Permanent use under water:
 ≤ 3m (≤10 ft) permanent
 ≤ 10m (≤30 ft) for 48 hours
 Only available in remote configuration
 Promag W IP68 / Type 6P solution
fulfills various corrosion protection
classes acc. EN/ISO 12944
 You can directly put the sensor under
water without any additional protection

Direct burial:
 Up to 3m (≤10 ft)
 Only available in remote configuration
 Promag W burial solution fulfills
corrosion protection classes Im2/Im3
acc. EN/ISO 12944
 You can directly bury the sensor without
any additional protection

Slide 114 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Sensor Models
Promag P for Corrosive Application
• Reliable measurement of all conductive liquids (≥20 μS/cm) such as
water, acids, bases, solvents or pastes
• Fluid temperature up to +180ºC
• Nominal diameters: DN 15 to 600 (1/2” to 24")

Promag H for Hygienic Application


• Flow measurement up 600 m3/min
• PFA lining for cleaning temperatures up to +150°C
• Nominal Diameter: DN 2 to 150 (1/12” to 6”)
• CIP cleanable and SIP sterilizable
• Approval for food and hygienic sector: 3A approval, EHEDG certified and
conform to FDA

Slide 115 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Electromagnetic Flow Measurement

Product overview Promag


Promag 50 Promag 53

Promag 200

Promag 800

Promag 400

Slide 116 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Basic Transmitter Promag 10


Simple to use transmitter with basic functionality

Aluminium Housing
IP67/NEMA4X Standard

Output
4...20 mA HART
and passive pulse 0...100 Hz

Operation (Display optional)


Push-button operation
2-line display, not backlit

Accuracy
max 0.5% measuring error

Fits W,P,D,L and H sensors

Slide 117 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Proline 50: Transmitter

Communication
•0/4..20mA; 0...1kHz
•HART + Profibus PA/DP

Human Machine Interface (HMI)


•Quick Setup for a fast and easy
commissioning
•Push-button operation
•2-line back-lit display: Display in
plain text
•2 freely configurable totalizers

Data storage
S-DAT™
Special function:
ECC = Electrode cleaning circuit
Accuracy
max 0.5%
max 0.2% available as an option
Slide 118 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Electromagnetic - Promag

Proline 53: Transmitter

Communication
•Flexible I/O-Modules
•HART, PA/DP, FF, Modbus
•Service interface (connection to Tooling)
Human Machine Interface (HMI)
•Quick Setup for a fast and easy
commissioning
•Touch Control operation allows
programming without opening covers
•4-line back-lit display
•3 freely configurable totalizers

Modular Software concept


•Pulsating flow compensation as standard
•ECC, batching functions, optional
Data storage
•S-DAT™, T-DAT™, F-CHIP™
Accuracy
Slide 119
max24/03/2013
0.2% SW Lim
Electromagnetic - Promag

Promag 800 = Fit for purpose to water


Fulfillment of standard industry
requirements:
Battery powered
Back-up battery present always
Outputs (2 x Impulse /Stat., 1 x Stat. in)
Housing size and material
Display with operation from outside,
Totalizer Forw./Backw./ Net/ Partial
Custody transfer version (MI-001, OMIL
R49)
Sensor / Transmitter combination
Data Logger = secure data storage
Data transfer by GSM (Onboard Quad
band modem)
Measuring accuracy up to 0.5%
Compact transmitter housing, Data logger, GSM/GPRS Modem and Batteries
are in one housing integrated
Slide 120 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Electromagnetic - Promag

Promag 800 = Fit for purpose to water


Fulfillment of standard industry
requirements:
Sensor with certified corrosion protection,
EN ISO 12944 for submerged/buried
application
Data file in standard format (.csv file)
Optional main power supply AC/DC
with backup battery
Standard Promag W+L sensors incl.
Drinking water approvals designed for water
Intelligent Smart measuring mode, no
compromises between battery life and
performance

Compact transmitter housing, Data logger, GSM/GPRS Modem and Batteries


are in one housing integrated

Slide 121 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Device specifications Promag 200 General

Accuracy ±0.5% o.r. ± 2 mm/s (0.08 in/s)


Repeatability max. ±0.2 % o.r. ±2 mm/s (0.08 in/s)
Conductivity ≥20 μS/cm
Power supply DC 18 to 30 V (20 V for Display with optical Keys)

Outputs Current output (4–20 mA, HART)


Pulse/frequency/switch output
Display 4-line, with push buttons or optical keys
(Touch Control)
SIL SIL 2 in preparation
Ex approvals ATEX, IECEx, cCSAus
Ignition protection Intrinsically safe (Ex ia)
type Flame-proof (Ex d)
Commissioning HistoROM concept for easy commissioning

Slide 122 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Overview Promag P 200 / H 200


Application
• Replacement installed two-wire System
(Turbine; DP; VA)
• Chemical Industry

Two-wire Technology
• Simple system integration
• Cost advantages for Installation und Wiring
• Highest safety through Intrinsically Safe Ex design
Promag P 200: The Standard two-wire Magmeter
• The device for all standard process applications
in the Chemical industry

Promass H 200: The two-wire device for small


flowrates
• The device for all standard process applications with
small flow rates
• The various process connections are ideal for use in
Laboratories or on skids

Slide 123 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Device specifications Promag P 200

Diameters DN 15 to DN 200
Size 1/2" to 8"
Pressure rating, EN/DIN PN 16…40
process connection ASME B16.5 Cl 150,
JIS 10K, 20K
Fluid temp. -20 to +150 °C (–4 to 304 °F) for PFA
-20 to +130 °C (-40 to 266 °F) for PTFE
Environment temp. -40 to +60°C (-40 to 140 °F)
Flange Material Stainless steel or Carbon steel
Liner Materials PFA or PTFE liner
Protection class Compact: IP66 and IP67 (Type 4X enclosure)
Optional Harsh Environment
Electrode Material 1.4435/316L, Alloy C-22, Platinum, Tantalum
Pressure approvals PED, CRN

Slide 124 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Device specifications: Promag H 200

Diameters DN 2 to DN 25
Size 1/12" to 1"
Pressure rating, EN/DIN PN 16…40
process connection ASME B16.5 Cl 150,
JIS 10K, 20K
Fluid temp. -20 to +150 °C (–4 to 304 °F) for PFA
Environment temp. -40 to +60 °C (-40 to 140 °F)
Process Wide selection of process connection (modular)
Connections
Liner Materials PFA
Protection class Compact: IP66 and IP67 (Type 4X enclosure)
Optional Harsh Environment
Electrode Material 1.4435/316L, Alloy C-22, Platinum, Tantalum
Pressure approvals CRN

Slide 125 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Water Supply
Instrument: Promag 10W
Fluid: Water Supply

Application:
• Measurement of incoming raw
water into treatment plant
• Control via 4 – 20 mA

Benefit:
• Accurate determination of pollution
load together with turbidity and pH
sensors

Slide 126 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Waste Water Water Measurement


Instrument: Promag W
Fluid: Municipal waste water

Reasons:
• Measurement of incoming raw water
into treatment plant
• Control via Profibus PA

Benefit:
• Accurate determination of pollution
load together with turbidity and
conductivity sensors

Slide 127 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Mining: Promag 50P for Sulfuric Acid


• All Profibus instrumentation

• Magmeter in Sulphuric Acid

• Remote version

Slide 128 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

F&B: Promag 50H for beer flow measurement


Challenge:
• Beer flow measurement

Environment:
• Measured Media: Beer
• High humidity

Solution:
• Promag H with weld necks

Slide 129 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Mining: Promag 55S for slurry measurement

• Fine but abrasive slurry

• High solid content

• Harsh environment

Slide 130 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Electromagnetic - Promag

Advantages & Limitation

Advantages:
• No pressure loss
• Bi-directional measurement
• Large diameter range available

Limitation:
• Conductive liquids only

Slide 131 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Products Solutions Services

Any Questions?

Slide 132 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Products Solutions Services

Ultrasonic

Prosonic

Slide 133 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Flow Measuring Principle

t = time differential
Q= volume flow

t ~ Q

The time of the ultrasonic signal flow against the flow is slower than
the signal with the flow. This results in a signal run time difference,
which is proportional to the flow rate.

The Transit Time Principle


Slide 134 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Benefits of Clamp - On Ultrasonic meters


• High Repeatability of 0.3% => Ideal for Process control
• Measures bi-directionally like a magmeter
• No medium contact => Ideal for high pressures, no
leakage
• No Pipe work needed => Ideal for Retrofit $
=> No welding of old pipelines $
=> No pressure testing needed $
=> No pressure testing needed $
=> No cranes needed $
• No line shut down needed => No customers affected $
=> No costly mailing action needed $
=> No project management needed $
$ = saves money, time and trouble
Slide 135 24/03/2013 SW Lim
Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Installation Cost Savings:


Ultrasonic Clamp-On vs Inline meter
Ultrasonic Clamp-on

Cost:
• Ultrasonic flowmeter

Inline Flowmeter

Cost:
• Inline flowmeter
• Plant Shutdown
• Pipe cutting &
welding
• Labor Cost

Slide 136 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Clamp-On Accuracy


Factory verification:
• Specification: <0.5% o.r.
• Repeatability: < 0.3% at >0.3 m/s

Field application
• Measuring accuracy better than 2%
• Same Repeatability: < 0.3% at >0.3 m/s
• Additional 1.5% error caused due to:
• Pipe dimensions
• Fluid conditions
• Sensor installation

Slide 137 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Ultrasonic_Prosonic

If budget is more important than accuracy…


Prosonic Flow Clamp-On is the choice

Magmeter
Price 0.2-0.5%
Traceable calibrated

Inline
0.5%
Traceable calibrated
Break-even
compared to
magmeters

Clamp On or Insertion
2%

DN150 DN600
6” 28” Size

Slide 138 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Clamp-On Advantages & Limitation

Advantages
• Non-contact, retro-fit installation needs NO process shutdown
• No pressure loss
• Wide range od flow rates, liquids and pipe materials. Measurable
pipe size from DN15 to DN4000 (1/2” to 160”)

Limitations
• Not recommended for dirty liquids (>5% solids by volume, >2% gas
by volume)
• No traceable calibration but excellent, known repeatability
• Needs fully developed flow profile for maximum accuracy
• Not suitable for gas flow

Slide 139 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Straight Pipe Requirements

1. Valve
2. Pump
3. Two pipe bends in different directions

Slide 140 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Clamp On Mounting Location

• Ensure the pipe is always full


• Avoid:
• Highest point of a pipeline. Risk of air accumulating.
• Directly upstream of a free pipe outlet in a vertical pipe. Risk of partial
pipe filling

Slide 141 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Clamp On Mounting Orientation

• A: vertical with upward direction of flow (recommended)


• B: horizontal
• C: recommended installation range 120º

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic 92F Installation Requirement

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

The Water Sensors

Proline Prosonic Flow W


• Size range: DN50...4000
• Non-hazardous area
• Protection type IP 67 (IP68 optional)
• Temperature range -20...+130°C
(Insertion up to +80°C)
Clamp-on sensors

 All you need for water applications

Insertion Sensor for welding in

SW Lim
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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

The Process Sensor

Proline Prosonic Flow P


• Size range: DN50...4000
• For hazardous area Zone 1 (ATEX,
FM, CSA) in combination with 93
Transmitter
• Protection type IP 68
• Temperature ranges -40...+170°C

Proline Prosonic Flow P


• Size range: DN15...65
• For hazardous area Zone 1
(ATEX, FM, CSA) in combination
with 93 Transmitter
• Protection type IP 68
• Temperature range -40...+150°C
SW Lim
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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic 93C, the alternative to Magmeters

Special dual Channel Sensor to go with


the 93 Transmitter
• Sensor type same as Prosonic W
weld in insertion version
• Size: DN300 – DN 2000
• Epoxy coating are approved for
drinking water water or waste
water
• Traceable calibrated,
accuracy: < 0.5%
• Inlet run needed: 10 x D

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic Flow 92F – Ideal for non-conductive liquids


• World-First Loop powered transmitter
(2-wire) with HART, PROFIBUS PA or
FOUNDATION Fieldbus.
• Size range from DN25/1” to DN300/12”
• Pressure range PN16...PN40/Class
150…300.
• Temperature range -40….200°C/ -
• The material of all wetted parts is Stainless
Steel 1.4404/316L/316. Body A351-CF3M
• Accuracy 0.5%
(optional 0.3% for 4 beam systems)
• Requirement to straight run before the
meter < 5 x DN after bends in one or two
planes.
• Hazardous area protection for gas and dust
available through intrinsically safety (Ex i)
or explosion proof (Ex d).

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Upstream Piping Requirement for a 90º elbow

•≤DN50 – 3 beams available due to limited space


• ≥DN80 – 2 to 4 beams are available
• 4 beam option increases the accuracy of the meter and reduces the
upstream piping requirements
•Only the 4 beam options are capable of having the 0.3% accuracy

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

When to use Prosonic Flow 92F:

General Rule
Use Prosonic Flow 92F when a magmeter is needed but the liquid is
non-conductive!

• …when a magmeters can’t operate because of low conductivity!


• …when a vortex meter is not “good” enough! (accuracy, not enough
straight inlet, measuring range, low flow)
• …when the pressure loss of a coriolis meter is too high!
• …when getting the job done doesn’t require a coriolis meter!

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic B200 for Biogas Measurement

Why Measure Biogas?


• Rate of gas produced by the digester is an indicator of the health of the
digester. Decreasing output is a warning of a failing process.
• Rate of gas as input into engines, boilers or for diversion to storage
• Totalization of biogas diverted to flare
• Totalization of biogas production for accounting purposes

Prosonic B200
• For wet biogas, landfill or digester gas
• Direct measurement of the methane content (CH4) in the pipe
• Process Temperature: 0 to +80ºC
• Nominal diameters: DN 50 to 200 (2” to 8")
• High accuracy: ±1.5% o.r.

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Prosonic Transmitter

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Proline Prosonic Flow 91: The basic Transmitter


Prosonic Flow 91
• 0/4..20 mA HART and pulse/status
• Service Interface, HISTOROM T-DAT
• SENSOR SETUP Function
• 11…40 V DC, 85…250 V AC
• Wall mounting
• No hands close to live wires

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Proline Prosonic Flow 93: The High-End Transmitter

Communication
•Flexible I/O-Modules
•HART, Profibus PA and DP, FF
•Service Interface (connection to
Tooling)
Human Machine Interface (HMI)
•Quick Setup
•Touch Control operation
•4-line back-lit display
•Modular Software concept
•Adiagnostics to monitor state of
coupling medium and process
conditions
Data storage
•T-DAT™, F-CHIP™
Works with any E+H Process and Water Sensor
dual channel capability

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

2 Channel Measurement

Output of 2 Channel Measurement:

• Individual measured values per measuring channel (output


independently of one another)

• The difference between the two measured values (A-B)

• The sum of the two measured values (A+B)


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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic Overview
2-wire Basic Ex Zone1 Portable
Ex Zone 1 PA,FF

Prosonic Flow 92 Prosonic Flow 91 Prosonic Flow 93 Prosonic Flow 93T


W
50…4000 (2”…158”)
IP67 -20..130°C/-4..265°F   
W
200…4000 (8”…158”)
IP67 -20..80°C/-4..175°F 
P
15…65 (½”..4”)
IP68 -40..150°C  
P
50…4000 (2”…158”)
IP68 -40..170°C/-40..340°F  
C
300…2000 (12”…80”)
IP68 -10..60°C/14..140°F 
F
Patrick.R
25…150 (1”…6”)
Slide 155 24/03/2013
IP67 -40..150°C/-40..300°F
otzler155
Slide

SW Lim
Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Clamp On Application Example

1. Pharmaceutical Industry
Medium :Ultra pure water
Benefit :Non-contact measurement for hygienic application

2. Process Plant
Medium :Flue Gas Wash Water (corrosive)
Benefit :Non-contact measurement for
highly corrosive liquids

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Clamp On Application: Oil & Gas Industry


• Industry: Oil & Gas (Offshore North Sea)

• Application: Galley Water Injection Flowline

• Fluid: Injection Water ( De-aerated sea water)

• Flowrate: 19- 198 m3/h / Temp 30-40 Deg C /


Pressure: 207-246 Bar g

• 2-channel 93PA2-991B19DGABAS

• Fabricated Spool Piece (with fixed sensor position tack welded)

• 6" NB WN Flange 1500# RTJ

• Flange to Flange Dimension 1000mm

• 25mm Wall thickness

• Carbon Steel to NACE


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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Clamp On Application: Oil & Gas Industry


• Industry: Oil & Gas
• Order was for 11 spools ranging: 2 x DN50, 2 x DN300, 4 x DN400 &
3 x DN600. Spools were provided by E+H.
• From photograph attached showing two of the spools awaiting water
calibration in Cernay.

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic 92F: Chemical (Tank Farm & Transport Loading)


Tank Farm Operations and Road Transport Loading
• Acids e.g. Acrylic acid at 20-25ºC
• Line stands empty between loadings
• Previous technology caused blockages if polymers formed
• 92F50 proven accurate against custody transfer

22. Feb 28. Feb 13. Mrz 27. Mrz


76.0267 m³ 101.495 m³ 126.957 m³ 177.875 m³
101.495 m³ 126.957 m³ 152.42 m³ 203.329 m³
25.4683 m³ 25.462 m³ 25.463 m³ 25.454 m³
26487 kg 26480 kg 26482 kg 26472 kg
26600 kg 26600 kg 26630 kg 26600 kg
113.0 kg 119.5 kg 148.5 kg 127.8 kg
0.42 % 0.45 % 0.56 % 0.48 %

Sample of Customer data showing agreement with


custody transfer Weigh bridge

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic 92F: Chemical (Tank Farm & Transport Loading)


Tank Farm Operations and Road Transport loading
• Flow rate needed for optimal, safe truck loading
• Low maintenance solution desired
• Customer states 92F performs better than 0.5%
• Meter has zero straight inlet after two, out-of-plane elbows

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic 92F: Primaries (Steel and Aluminum)

Cooling water circuits for D.C. Electric Arc Furnace


• EAF used to produce raw material from low purity source
• Water cooling needed for safe furnace operation
• Leaking water reacts violently with molten material
• Ultra-strong electromagnetic fields surround the furnace
• Electromagnetic flow meter reliability is questionable

Prosonic Flow 92F

Power cables

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic 92F: Petrochemical

Lubricating oils in retail container filling

• Blended lubricating oil viscosity varies 200-500 cStk


• Pressure loss unwanted as oils pumped 200 metres from storage
• Volume of 20 litres each oil used to flush filler storage tank
• Flushing flow lasts around 10 seconds until filling machine starts

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic 92F: Primaries (Silicium for Solar Panels)

Cooling water circuits for D.C. Electric Arc Furnace

• Multiple cooling water circuits on each furnace


• Inlet and return must be compared on each circuit
• A potential leak must rapidly raise an alarm
• This flow measurement is safety critical

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic Flow 92F: Demin. Water & CIP Skids

• High purity water <5 S/cm


• Accuracy 0.3% of reading acceptable
• Elastomeric seals not accepted
• Very restricted inlet/outlet runs
• Cost is a major consideration

• Conductivity to low for Magmeter


• Low flow & less inlet run, Vortex does
not work
• Coriolis precluded by price versus duty

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Prosonic Flow 92F: Steam condensate return


• Improved cost control of boiler feed water
• Condensate conductivity <2 S/cm
• Flow rates can be very low at times
• Cavitation or “flashing” caused by pressure drop

• Conductivity to low for Magmeter


• Low flow, Vortex does not work
• Coriolis is too expensive, could cause
pressure drop = cavitation, flashing

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Application of Prosonic B200 in Malaysia


Installation Location:
Poultry farm biogas plant at Negeri
Sembilan, Malaysia

Prosonic B200 Features:


• Wet biogas measurement
• Direct measurement of methane, CH4
content in the pipe

Prosonic B200 Benefits:


• Continuous, around-the-clock
monitoring of gas quantity and
quality
• Fast and targeted reaction in case of
interference in the fermentation
process

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Products Solutions Services

Any Questions?

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Products Solutions Services

Selection & Sizing of Flowmeter

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FG020BPEE

The first step to find the solution

• The first step in finding a solution for a flow metering point is finding
the best suitable measuring technology
• The selection is based on the requirements of the measuring point
e.g.:
• Expected accuracy
• Acceptable pressure loss
• Required turn-down
• Massflow, direct or calculated
• Installation situation
• Etc.

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Selection of Flowmeter

How to select the best fit flowmeter for your process?

Go to www.my.endress.com  Select & size product (Applicator)

Slide 170 24/03/2013 Seou Wei


Selection of Flowmeter

Flow measuring principles @ Endress+Hauser

Electro-
Vortex magnetic Coriolis

Differential
pressure Thermal Ultrasonic

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FG020BPEE

Influences on the selection of the measuring system

State of aggregation Conductivity


Mass or Volume Liquid / gas
Homogeneity
Viscosity
Disturbances
Abrasion
Temperature
Corrosion
Density
Price Best fit
measuring system
Accepted Pressure
pressure loss
Pipe
Pipe inlet
Flow profile
Required Measuring range
accuracy Quantity
Turn-down
Diameter

Slide 172 24/03/2013 LU/MVS


Selection of Flowmeter

Best fit measuring system?


Electro- Differencial Thermal
Vortex Coriolis Ultrasonic
magnetic pressure

State of aggregation Conductivity Temperature


liquid / gas Density

Mass or Volume Best fit Flow profile


measuring
Viscosity Diameter required
system
Corrosion Required accuracy
Price
Accepted pressure loss

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Coriolis_Promass

Why Measure Mass


• Temperature / Pressure

• Volume 1  Volume 2

• Mass 1 = Mass 2

Mass 1 Mass 2
Volume 1 Volume 2

Slide 174 24/03/2013 SW Lim


Gas Flow Measurement

Volume or Mass Measurement

Direct Mass Measurement


• Coriolis
• Thermal

Volume Measurement
• Electromagnetic
• Vortex
• Ultrasonic
• Dp flow

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FG020BPEE

Overview of applications

Non
Conductive
conductive Gas Steam
Liquids
Liquids
1

80
Nominal diameter

sonic
Ultra
Vortex
300
Coriolis

1000
Thermal
2000 Magmeter

>3000 Ultra sonic Differential pressure

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FG020BPEE

Rough classification of applications

1. Liquids
• Conductive: >80% of all liquids are conductive (Drinking- and waste water,
beverages, acids, alkaline, etc.)
• Non conductive: Oils, hydro carbons, liquefied gases, demineralized water,
solvents
2. Gas
• Air, nitrogen, natural gas, biogas, etc.
3. Steam
• Saturated steam
• Superheated steam
4. Special applications
• Abrasive slurries, custody transfer, measurement from outside,
bidirectional, etc

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FG020BPEE

Corrosion Database

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FG020BPEE

Slurry Application – Magmeter

>13% Promag 55S


Natural rubber,
brush electrode
% Solids

≤13% Promag 50/53


Polyurethane liner,
SS button electrode

Paste/ Fine ≤ 0.5mm Rocky (0.5 – 20mm)

Particle Size

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FG020BPEE

Slurry Application – Magmeter

Maximum flow velocity

Horizontal ≤ 4 m/s ≤ 4 m/s


Installation

Vertical ≤ 4 m/s ≤ 10 m/s


Installation 

Paste/ Fine ≤ 0.5mm Rocky (0.5 – 20mm)

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FG020BPEE

Slurry Application - Coriolis

1. Density range : 0.1 -6.0 kg/dm3


2. Particle size : ≤ 75 micron 
3. Flow velocity
Vertical Installation
≤ 2 m/s
≤ 1 m/s

Horizontal Installation
≤ 1 m/s ≤ 2 m/s

Recommended Maximum

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FG050BPEC

Flow velocity Guideline

For dimensioning of pipe diameter it is good engineering practice to follow the


following recommendations:

Fluid type Velocity @ max. flow


Liquids (low viscosity) 2...3 m/s
Gas 15…30 m/s
Steam 25…45 m/s

• APPLICATOR Sizing applies this rules  Measuring principle depending


• If large turn-down is required Increased max. velocity is applied
• Often the ideal flowmeter DN is smaller then the pipe DN to optimize accuracy

If the proposed flowmeter DN is larger then the


pipe DN there is most likely something wrong
 Check plausibility of engineering units

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FG050BPEC

Max. Flow Velocity – Special Cases

For certain fluids max. velocities exist for safety reasons, to protect the
measured product from damage/ quality loss, etc. Here a few examples:

• Oxygen gas
• There are regulations regarding max. permitted gas flow velocity in
various PIPE MATERIALS

• Slurries (Minerals in liquid)


• Slurries must be conveyed at MIN. velocities to avoid settling that would
lead to pipe blockage. But: High velocity = High abrasion!!

• Milk, Blood and similar


• Sensitive liquid products should be conveyed with “reasonable” velocity 
Customer will/should provide guidance

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FG050BPEC

Procedure of the sizing process

Sizing is the compromise of:

Accuracy at minimum flow rate


vs.
Pressure loss at maximum flow rate

• For a reliable sizing the following information must be available:


• The measured fluid
• Flowmeter model to be sized
• Minimum and maximum flow rate to be measured
• The process condition (min. and max. pressure / temperature)
• Observe possible velocity limitations

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FG050BPEC

Accuracy vs. Pressure Loss Promass 83F DN50

Full Flowmeter Measuring Range

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FG050BPEC

Accuracy vs. Pressure Loss for Ideal DN

Min. Flow Max. Flow


Application Measuring Range

Accuracy Pressure Loss


Min. Flow Max. Flow

Best compromise solution

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FG050BPEC

Accuracy vs. Pressure Loss for DN 40

Min. Flow Max. Flow


Application Measuring Range

Pressure Loss
Max. Flow
Upper flowmeter range
Accuracy
Min. Flow

Optimized solution for high accuracy

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FG050BPEC

Accuracy vs. Pressure Loss for DN 80

Min. Flow Max. Flow


Application Measuring Range

Accuracy
Min. Flow
Pressure Loss
Max. Flow

Optimized solution for low pressure loss

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FG020BPEE

Relative Price Comparison

• If several technologies fulfill the customer requirements the purchase


price CAN be a deciding factor

06/01/2012
LU/MVS
Slide 189 24/03/2013 LU/MVS
Ultrasonic_Prosonic

If budget is more important than accuracy…


Prosonic Flow Clamp-On is the choice

Magmeter
Price 0.2-0.5%
Traceable calibrated

Inline
0.5%
Traceable calibrated
Break-even
compared to
magmeters

Clamp On or Insertion
2%

DN150 DN600
6” 28” Size

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FG020BPEE

The six measuring principles

• Strengths and weaknesses

06/01/2012
LU/MVS
Slide 191 24/03/2013 LU/MVS
FG020BPEE

Coriolis

Advantages
• Direct, continuous mass flow measurement
• Independent of fluid properties (temperature, pressure, density,
viscosity)
• Multivariable: simultaneous measurement of mass flow, density and
temperature
• Very high measuring accuracy (typically ±0.1% o.r.)
• Not affected by flow profile: no straight inlet/outlet runs required
• No moving parts: no wear and tear, no maintenance, no filters

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FG020BPEE

Coriolis

Limitation
• Meter design generates pressure loss
• Measurement of single phase fluids only
• Relatively high purchase price
• Limited sizes available (up to 14”)

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FG020BPEE

Electromagnetic

Advantages
• No obstruction – no pressure loss
• No moving parts
• Bidirectional measurement
• High accuracy (up to ±0.2%)
• Large diameter range available (up to DN2400)

Limitation
• Conductive liquids
• Limited temperature range (up to 180°C)
• Sensitive to build up

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FG020BPEE

Vortex

Advantages
• High pressure range
• Suitable for gas, steam and liquids
• High temperature range
• Independent of fluid properties

Limitations
• Sizes max. DN 300
• Min. flow limitation

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

Ultrasonic Clamp-On Advantages & Limitation

Advantages
• Non-contact, retro-fit installation needs NO process shutdown
• No pressure loss
• Wide range od flow rates, liquids and pipe materials. Measurable
pipe size from DN15 to DN4000 (1/2” to 160”)

Limitations
• Not recommended for dirty liquids (>5% solids by volume, >2% gas
by volume)
• No traceable calibration but excellent, known repeatability
• Needs fully developed flow profile for maximum accuracy
• Not suitable for gas flow

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Ultrasonic_Prosonic

When to use Prosonic Flow 92F:

General Rule
Use Prosonic Flow 92F when a magmeter is needed but the liquid is
non-conductive!

• …when a magmeters can’t operate because of low conductivity!


• …when a vortex meter is not “good” enough! (accuracy, not enough
straight inlet, measuring range, low flow)
• …when the pressure loss of a coriolis meter is too high!
• …when getting the job done doesn’t require a coriolis meter!

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FG020BPEE

Thermal

Advantages
• Single point mass flow measurement
• Wide turndown ratio 100:1
• Can measure very low flow rates
• Neglible pressure loss (< 10 mbar)
• Suitable for low pressures or vacuum
• Large diameter range
• Suitable for rectangular ducts

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FG020BPEE

Thermal

Limitation
• Dependent upon inlet/outlet run
• Sensitive to gas properties and unstable mixtures
• Only for a defined range of common gases
• Not a very high accuracy class or custody transfer meter
• Limited temperature and pressure range

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Products Solutions Services

Any Questions?

Slide 200 24/03/2013 Seou Wei


Products Solutions Services

Thank you very much for your attention

Slide 201 24/03/2013 Seou Wei