You are on page 1of 70

HDS Users Guide &

Training Reference
Section 3

3-1 Copyr. 2009 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Leica Geosystems Four Day
Introductory HDS Civil / Surveying Training
Section 3.1 - Registration
3-2 Copyr. 2009 Leica Geosystems, Inc
Section 3.1 Registration
Registration Window Tab Definitions

A. The ScanWorlds’ Constraints tab displays each


ScanWorld in the registration. Beneath each
ScanWorld a pairing with every other ScanWorld in
the Registration are displayed. After constraints have
been added, constraints between each ScanWorld
pair are displayed.
B. The Constraints List tab lists each constraint in the
registration and displays current information about
each constraint. Constraint information is organized
into columns. Each column can be sorted.
From the Constraints List tab, you can: Select and
View constraints; Enable, Disable, and Delete
constraints; Set the Home ScanWorld; Adjust the
weight of individual constraints; and View information
for each constraint.
C. The ModelSpaces tab displays each component
ScanWorld’s ModelSpace(s) and ControlSpace. The
main applications of the ModelSpaces tab are
viewing ModelSpaces and ControlSpaces and adding
constraints.
D. The Constraint Viewer panes are used to view the
constraints. The constraints are selected and
centered in each pane. The Constraint Viewer
panes are also used to create initial alignment hints
when creating a cloud constraint.

3-3 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 Registration
Introduction

Registration is the process of combining a


project’s ScanWorlds into a single
coordinate system as a registered
ScanWorld. This integration is derived by
a system of constraints which are pairs of
equivalent tie-points, or overlapping point
clouds that exist in two ScanWorlds. The
registration process computes optimal
overall alignment transformations for each
ScanWorld in the registration.

Note: With the compensator off, a


minimum of four common targets is
needed to fix X, Y, Z coordinates.

3-4 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 Registration
Workflow Progression

Field Work &


Data
Data
Collection
Extraction
Hardware & Pre-
Scanning Cyclone Combining Site or
Set-up Intersection
Scans

Registration Data Cleanup Data


Export to
CAD
Scanning Site, Route or
Road / Linear
Highway, or Roadway
Intersection

3-5 Copyr. 2009 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 Registration
Workflow Progression

1. Create Registration
2. Add ScanWorlds
3. Add Constraints
4. Register
5. Error Check
6. Create ScanWorld Freeze Registration
7. Create ModelSpace
8. Create ModelSpace View

3-6 Copyr. 2009 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 Registration
1. Create Registration

• Open Cyclone Navigator.

• Click on the + sign next to Servers folder.

• Click on the + sign next to Unshared folder.

• Click on the + sign next to Database Name.

• Highlight the Projects folder, then right click.

• Click on Create.

• Click on Registration. This will create a new


Registration. Double click on the newly created
Registration.

• The Registration: Registration 1 window will


open.

3-7 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 Registration
2. Add ScanWorlds

• The next step in the registration process is to add the


ScanWorlds that will be registered.

It is good practice to register the pure scans together


first. This can help isolate errors in later imported
survey control.

• Select ScanWorld from menu bar, click Add


Figure 1
ScanWorld. See Figure 1.

• Double click on Project folder.

• Highlight ScanWorlds to be registered. Chevron key

• Use Chevron key to add these ScanWorlds into


registration. See Figure 2.

Figure 2

3-8 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 – Registration
3. Add Constraints

During the Constraints process Cyclone will


search all ScanWorlds’ ControlSpaces for objects
with same registration labels. Auto-Add will
automatically create pairs of constraints.

• Select Constraint, click on Auto-Add Constraint.

It is a good idea to view these constraints, to do


this, select Constraints tab, (explained in Section
3.1B in detail, and briefly described below).

(3.1B Registration Window Tab Descriptions.


The Constraints List tab lists each constraint in
the registration and displays current information
about each constraint. Constraint information is
organized into columns. Each column can be
sorted).

3-9 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 – Registration
4. Register

After constraints have been added, the next step


is to Register ScanWorlds. This computes the
optimal alignment transformations for each
ScanWorld.

• Select Registration, click on Register.

• Notice that before registration, the Error column had


n/a under it, after registration this column is filled in.
To sort by error size, click on the Error column. Error column

• If the errors are large try disabling the largest one.


In the Target ID Column highlight a target, then
right click and select Disable.

Do not forget to re-register (this is mandatory).

3 - 10 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 – Registration
5. Error Checking

• The listed errors are the distances between (3.1C Registration Window Tab Descriptions.
constraints (or control points) each are listed in The ModelSpaces tab displays each component
ScanWorld after registration. The next column over ScanWorld’s ModelSpace(s) and ControlSpace.
is the X, Y, and Z Error Vectors. The main applications of the ModelSpaces tab
are viewing ModelSpaces and ControlSpaces and
Inspecting the Z Vector is a great way to find height adding constraints).
busts.
Highlight all ScanWorlds to be viewed together.
Other checks are overall fit (Mean Absolute Error),
Horizontal and Vertical Errors. To view this select Right click and select View Interim Results.
Registration from the menu bar, click Show Graphically check to see that scans “look right”
Diagnostics. and are aligned.
Final check should be to view all registered scans in
one combined ModelSpace.

• Select ModelSpace Tab (explained in Section 3.1C


in detail, and briefly described to the right).

3 - 11 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 – Registration
6. Create ScanWorld/Freeze Registration

• After a successful registration, a single ScanWorld


is created that includes combined ScanWorlds in
one coordinate system. Freezing a registration
will not allow any further manipulation of registered
ScanWorlds.

• Select Registration, then click Create


ScanWorld/Freeze Registration.

3 - 12 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 – Registration
7. Create ModelSpace

• After Freeze, a new ModelSpace and a


ModelSpace View will need to be created.

• Select Registration, click Create ModelSpace.

• Close the Registration window.

3 - 13 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.1 – Registration
8. Create and Open ModelSpace View

• Last step, in Cyclone Navigator locate the newly


created ModelSpace and click on Create and Open
a ModelSpace View.

3 - 14 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Leica Geosystems Four Day
Introductory HDS Civil / Surveying Training
Section 3.2 – GeoReference
3 - 15 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc
Section 3.2 Georeference
Introduction

Unless scanner was set over known


points and these points were imported
into ScanControl, the ScanWorlds
coordinate system is based on scanners
default coordinate system.

The following section explains geo-


referencing, i.e. translating scans to
state plane coordinates.

3 - 16 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.2 Georeference
Workflow Progression

Field Work &


Data
Data
Collection
Extraction
Hardware & Pre-
Scanning Cyclone Combining Site or
Set-up Intersection
Scans

Registration Data Cleanup Data


Export to
CAD
Scanning Site, Route or
Road / Linear
Highway, or Roadway
Intersection

3 - 17 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.2 Georeference
Workflow Progression

1. Import Control
2. Set Home ScanWorld
3. Re-Register

3 - 18 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.2 Georeference
1. Import Control

Before importing check to make sure that the ASCII


control file has same units, same coordinate labels
and exact same Target ID’s (control points) as the
project. As mentioned in Section 3.1 Registration,
ScanWorlds should be registered first, then control
added, and re-registered.

• Register ScanWorlds (explained in detail in


Section 3.1).

• Do not Freeze this registration.

• In Cyclone Navigator highlight Project. Right click


then select Import.

• Browse to ASCII Control File. Select Open.

3 - 19 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.2 Georeference
1. Import Control

Column 1 MUST be set to TargetID.

• Change other labels in each column by clicking on


the pull-down tabs to the correct parameters. Check
to make sure that you are importing a “N, E, Z” file vs.
“X, Y, Z” file.

• Double check that the Unit of Measure is correct.

• Select Import.

3 - 20 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.2 Georeference
1. Import Control

Take note, in Cyclone Navigator a new ScanWorld


was created.

• Add this new ScanWorld into registration as


described in Section 3.1- 2, and briefly below.

(3.1- 2. Add ScanWorld. Select ScanWorld from


menu bar, click Add ScanWorld. Double click on
Project folder. Highlight ScanWorlds to be
registered. Use Chevron key to add these
ScanWorlds into registration).

3 - 21 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.2 Georeference
2. Set Home ScanWorld

• This new ScanWorld will also be used as the


“Home” ScanWorld.

To set the Home ScanWorld:

• Select ScanWorld Constraints tab.

• Highlight the Control ScanWorld.

• Right click Control ScanWorld and select Set Home


ScanWorld. Make sure to auto-add the new
constraints.

3 - 22 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.2 Georeference
3. Re-Register

• Re-register as described in further detail in Section


3.1- 4, and briefly described below.

Re-registration is mandatory.

• (3.1- 4. Register. Select Registration, click on


Register. Notice that before registration, the
Error column had n/a under it, after registration
this column is filled in. To sort by error size, click
on the Error column. If the errors are large try
disabling the largest one. In the Target ID
Column highlight a target, then right click and
select Disable).

3 - 23 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Leica Geosystems Four Day
Introductory HDS Civil / Surveying Training
Section 3.3 - Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
3 - 24 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc
Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 1
Introduction
A cloud constraint is performed on two Generally, there are two reasons to
ScanWorlds at a time. There must be perform Cloud-to-Cloud
sufficient point cloud overlap for Registration on ScanWorlds; when
successful registration (20% nominal). no targets are present, or less than
Just as a vertex-vertex (target based) three targets were acquired.
constraint tells the registration to align
the objects, a cloud constraint tells the A minimum of three common points
registration to align the overlapping are needed for Cloud-to-Cloud
areas of the point clouds. registration.
Good geometry will result in a
better registration. This means the
user should spread their picks as
far as is practical throughout the
point cloud. The user should also
avoid picking points in a linear
fashion.

3 - 25 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 1
Workflow Progression

Field Work &


Data
Data
Collection
Extraction
Hardware & Pre-
Scanning Cyclone Combining Site or
Set-up Intersection
Scans

Registration Data Cleanup Data


Export to
CAD
Scanning Site, Route or
Road / Linear
Highway, or Roadway
Intersection

3 - 26 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 1
Workflow Progression

1. Registration
2. Pick Common Points
3. Launch Cloud-to-Cloud Calculations
4. Results & Update New Pick Points

3 - 27 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 1
1. Registration
• Create a registration (explained in Section 3.1- 1.
Create Registration, described in detail).

• Add ScanWorlds (explained in Section 3.1- 2. Add


ScanWorlds, described in detail).

• Click in the ModelSpaces tab to make it current.


See Figure 1.

• Click on the plus sign to left of ScanWorld. Figure 1


See Figure 2.

• Double click ControlSpace.

• You will see the scans appear in the Registration


Viewers (see figure on next page).

• Click on the plus sign to left of ScanWorld again, and


double click ControlSpace to create a second
ScanWorld.

Figure 2

3 - 28 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 1
1. Registration

Registration Viewers

3 - 29 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 1
2. Pick Common Points
You are now ready to pick common
points. The picks should be easily
distinguished such as corners, ends and
edges of objects.

• Align both Registration Viewers to similar


views.

• Seek to a corner, zoom in, and multi-pick


in one window pane, and then in the other.

• Repeat the step above two more times for a


total of three common points.

Make sure you chose points that are in


different areas, i.e. “good geometry”.

3 - 30 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 1
3. Launch Cloud-to-Cloud Calculations
• Select Cloud Constraint, click Auto Add Cloud
Constraint. See Figure 1.

• Select Registration, click on Register. See


Figure 2.

• The Cloud Constraint progress bar will appear.


See Figure 3. Figure 1

• Click on the Constraint List tab to check results.

• Check each Cloud/Mesh constraint for proper


alignment by going to the Constraints List tab, then
right-click on the Cloud Constraint and select View
Interim Results.
Figure 2
If pick point is incorrect, click EXACTLY on that pick
point using Multi-Pick Mode to clear the pick. Then,
pick a new point.

Figure 3

3 - 31 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 1
4. Results & Update New Pick Points
If results are good, Freeze and Create ModelSpace Cloud–to–Cloud Error Values:
View as described in Section 3.3- 1. Registration.
ƒ 0.00’ to 0.02’ Excellent, below measurable
If Registration failed, try picking more points, or pick
different points. limits.

ƒ 0.02’ to 0.03’ Acceptable, measurable error,


• To update new Pick Points, from the menu, select
within most design requirements.
Cloud Constraint, click Update Initial Cloud
Alignment. ƒ 0.03 and above Tolerable, may require re-
picking or subsample percentage increase.
• Once updated, from the menu select Cloud
Constraint, click Optimize Cloud Alignment. This
will re-align the Cloud Constraint.

• Re-register the constraints, re-check the results.


If satisfactory, click Create ScanWorld/Freeze
Registration, click Create and Open ModelSpace.

Error Values

3 - 32 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
Introduction
This tutorial will cover Cloud-to-Cloud registration for Civil\Survey applications. Unlike
some other applications like Plant and Building, Cloud-to-Cloud for Civil is used to
augment or help a registration. One or two missing, or bad targets, can cause an
otherwise good registration to be bad.
In this tutorial, pair wise or only two clouds will be registered at once. This is the
typical use of Cloud-to-Cloud in civil.

Cloud-to-Cloud or C2C (referred to as Cloud-to-Cloud) uses a shape indentifying


algorithm to join point clouds from different positions together. The user loads two
ScanWorld’s into registration, manually picks 2 or 3 matching points in each
ScanWorld and then starts the a routine called Optimize. This routine combines the
ScanWorlds with little or no targets to help. When finished the two ScanWorld’s
registered are just like standard target registration. But, just like standard target
registration the quality of the registration depends on the quality of the constraints
used. The quality also depends on the amount of overlap and density of point cloud
points between ScanWorld’s.

3 - 33 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
Workflow Progression

Field Work &


Data
Data
Collection
Extraction
Hardware & Pre-
Scanning Cyclone Combining Site or
Set-up Scans Intersection

Registration Data Cleanup Data


Export to
CAD
Scanning Site, Route or
Road / Linear
Highway, or Roadway
Intersection

3 - 34 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
Workflow Progression

1. Create Registration
2. Load Two ScanWorlds into Newly Created Registration
3. Using Constraints Wizard
4. Pick Matching Picks in Viewers
5. Add Cloud Constraint
6. Optimize Cloud Constraint
7. Checking Quality of Registration
8. Complete Registration

3 - 35 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
1. Create Registration
• From the Navigator window open a Database
containing at least two ScanWorlds with enough
overlap between them (20% at least).
• Select the database and right click, go to Create,
then click Registration. See Figure 1.
• Rename the registration SW 1+2 if needed.
• Double click the Registration icon
to open the registration window. See Figure 2.

Figure 1

Figure 2

3 - 36 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
2. Load Two ScanWorlds into Newly Created Registration
• From the top menu of the registration window click
ScanWorld, click Add ScanWorld. See Figure 1.
• In the Select ScanWorlds for Registration window
select the SW’s you want to register, and click the
Chevron key in the center of the window. Then
click the OK button. See Figure 2.

• Your window should look similar to this one below:


Figure 1

Figure 2

3 - 37 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
3. Using the Constraints Wizard
Use the Constraints Wizard to load the ScanWorlds
into the Viewers.
• From the top menu go to Cloud Constraint-Cloud
Constraint Wizard window. See Figure 1.
• Click and check on the only box you can, and then
click on the Update button. See Figure 1.
• Close the next dialog box that appears by clicking the
Red X in the upper right corner. See Figure 2.

Figure 1

Figure 2

3 - 38 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
3. Using the Constraints Wizard
• Your window should now look similar to this one.

3 - 39 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
4. Pick Matching Picks in the Viewers
• Pick two or three matching picks in the Viewer.

If you used a Scanner with a DAC (level


compensator) you only need two matching picks
between the viewer to form a constraint.

• Check for the leveled indicator in the Registration


window. See Figure 1.
Figure 1
• Select View Mode from the tool bar.

• Next, align the point cloud in the Viewers so you


can select matching picks. See Figure 2.

Figure 2

3 - 40 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
4. Pick Matching Picks in the Viewers

• Select Multi-Pick Mode from the


toolbar.

• Select two or three picks.


Remember leveled SW’s only need
two matching picks.

Note on Picking:
Select picks that represent end points or
corners, so you make sure to pick the
same point in each viewer. You have to
pick within +/-4 inches to make a
good constraint.

Matching picks in each


viewer

3 - 41 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
5. Add a Cloud Constraint
• After picking points, click on Cloud Constraint,
then Add Constraint. See Figure 1.

• Next, navigate to the Constraint tab and select


Figure 1
the Cloud Constraint you just added. From the
top menu click Cloud Constraint, then click
Optimize Cloud Alignment. See Figure 2.

An alternative method to launch the Cloud to


Cloud (C2C) calculation: once you have added
the Cloud Constraint, navigate to the
Registration pull down menu and click Register.
Figure 2

3 - 42 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
6. Optimize Cloud Constraint
• In the Cloud Registration Progress window a
progress graph will appear and shows the alignment
real time. See Figure 1.

• When the progress graph is finished you will get the


results in a table window informing you of the quality
of the fit. See Figure 2

Figure 1

Figure 2

3 - 43 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
7. Checking Quality of Registration

• If you get a Cloud Alignment Warning message, the fit


Colors to Scan button
may still be ok. You need to view the Interim Results and
check the fit manually.

• Select the Constraint under the Constraint tab in the


Registration window, from the top menu go to Registration,
then click View Interim Results. This will open up a
ModelSpace with both SW’s.

• Go to Tools, click Scanner, then click ScanWorld Explorer.

• Click the Apply ScanWorld Colors to Scans button. This


will color all the scans from one SW one color, and color all
the other scans from the SW a different color. This will allow
you to view the quality of the fit.

• Cut a section of a gutter (place a fence and delete points


outside) or other object that has overlapping clouds from
each SW.

• View the clouds to see whether the clouds match.

3 - 44 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
7. Checking Quality of Registration
• These pictures are a view of a curb section
scanned from two positions. One is an ISO
View and the other is an Orthographic View
from the side. You can see the blue from one
scan and the green from another scan match.
Do this check at the different places around the
scans to check for a good fit.

ISO View

Orthographic View

3 - 45 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.3 Cloud-to-Cloud Registration
Option 2
8. Complete Registration
• When you are satisfied with the results, close the
Interim ModelSpace.
Do NOT save this ModelSpace when you are
prompted.
• Navigate to the top menu bar in the Registration
window and click on Registration, then click Figure 1
Register. See Figure 1.
• Next, click on Registration, click on Create
ScanWorld/Freeze Registration. See Figure 2.
• Finally, click on Registration, then click Create and
Open ModelSpace. See Figure 3.
Figure 2
• Registration is now complete!

Figure 3

3 - 46 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Leica Geosystems Four Day
Introductory HDS Civil / Surveying Training
Section 3.4 - Unify vs. Merge
3 - 47 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc
Section 3.4 Unify vs. Merge
Introduction

Unify Clouds or the Merge Clouds


command is typically used in a
ModelSpace that contains a
registered set of scans and a large
number of point clouds. Performance
is improved by one of these
processes. This will make the
Registered ModelSpace clouds
behave as a collective whole.
If the dataset has many setups (5+),
you may want to ‘Merge’ the point
clouds together instead.

3 - 48 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.4 Unify vs. Merge
Workflow Progression

Field Work &


Data
Data
Collection
Extraction
Hardware & Pre-
Scanning Cyclone Combining Site or
Set-up Intersection
Scans

Registration Data Cleanup Data


Export to
CAD
Scanning Site, Route or
Road / Linear
Highway, or Roadway
Intersection

3 - 49 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.4 Unify vs. Merge
Workflow Progression

1. Unify
2. Merge

3 - 50 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.4 Unify vs. Merge
1. Unify

• In the menu bar click Tools, then click Unify


Clouds.

• In Figure 1 the dialogue box that appears, Unify


Clouds message, click the Unify box.

• In Figure 2 the dialogue box that appears, Unify


Clouds, is asking if point cloud should be
reduced. Click the Unify box.

• In Figure 3 the dialog box, Unify Clouds:


Reference, that may appear with a message,
click the Yes box.

• In Figure 4 the box that appears is the Unifying


box, ‘Gathering points’. Depending on density Figure 1 Figure 2

of scans, this process could take a couple


minutes.

Figure 3 Figure 4

3 - 51 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.4 Unify vs. Merge
2. Merge

In order to Merge, you should select all


the point clouds.

• In the ModelSpace: ModelSpace menu, click


on Selection, then click on Set Selectable.

• Next, in the View Properties box, highlight the


words ‘Point Cloud’.

• Then, click the Select button.

• Click on the OK button.

3 - 52 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.4 Unify vs. Merge
2. Merge

• In the ModelSpace: ModelSpace menu, click


on Create Object, then click on Merge.

NOTE: For a Unified Point Cloud, the


ScanWorld Explorer can no longer be used to
load individual ScanWorlds. A Merged Point
Cloud still has the ScanWorld Explorer
functionality available.

3 - 53 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Leica Geosystems Four Day
Introductory HDS Civil / Surveying Training
Section 3.5 – ScanWorld Explorer
3 - 54 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc
Section 3.5 ScanWorld Explorer
Introduction

The ScanWorld Explorer is an area


in the Cyclone software where you
can re-load the point cloud after you
have completed modeling, erasing,
or segmenting the point cloud in its
original form, or in a Unified form.
With a non-unified point cloud, you
also have the ability to turn off or on
individual ScanWorlds for ease of
viewing.

3 - 55 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.5 ScanWorld Explorer
Workflow Progression

Field Work &


Data
Data
Collection
Extraction
Hardware & Pre-
Scanning Cyclone Combining Site or
Set-up Intersection
Scans

Registration Data Cleanup Data


Export to
CAD
Scanning Site, Route or
Road / Linear
Highway, or Roadway
Intersection

3 - 56 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.5 ScanWorld Explorer
Workflow Progression

1. Non-Unified Cloud
2. Unified Cloud

3 - 57 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.5 ScanWorld Explorer
1. Non-Unified Cloud

• Delete all point clouds in the ModelSpace.

• In ModelSpace: Mesh: ModelSpace View 1 screen


click on Tools, then click Scanner, click ScanWorld
Explorer. See Figure 1.

• Make sure the Original Scans tab is current. See


Figure 2.

• Click on the ScanWorld that you want loaded.

You could also list all the available ScanWorlds.


Figure 1

Original
Scans tab

Figure 2.

3 - 58 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.5 ScanWorld Explorer
1. Non-Unified Cloud

In this case, both ScanWorlds have been selected


for loading. See Figure 1.

• Sort the scans by clicking the top of the Scan


column. See Figure 2.
Figure 1

Notice the Fine Scans are now all on the top of the
list. These scans are you target scans. Chances
are you do not need these for your modeling
activities, so do not load them. See Figure 2.

Figure 2

3 - 59 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.5 ScanWorld Explorer
1. Non-Unified Cloud

• Highlight all the other scans and check the boxes in Show Cloud
Show Cloud icon (glasses) column. See column

Figure 1.

• Click the Close button.

• The points will be re-loaded in the ModelSpace


View. See Figure 2.

If you have cleaned the cloud, the original un-cleaned


and un-merged cloud will be the one re-loaded. Figure 1

Figure 2

3 - 60 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.5 ScanWorld Explorer
2. Unified Cloud

• Delete all point clouds in the ModelSpace.

• In the ModelSpace View 1 screen click on Tools,


then click Scanner, click ScanWorld Explorer.
See Figure 1.

• Make sure the Unified Clouds tab is current.


See Figure 2.

• Check the box in the Show Cloud (glasses)


column this will re-load that unified cloud. See
Figure 2.
Figure 1
• Click the Close button.

If you Unified after you have cleaned Check box


the cloud, the cleaned cloud will be re-loaded.
If you unified before you cleaned the cloud, Unified
Clouds tab
the un-cleaned cloud will be re-loaded.

You can NOT load individual ScanWorlds with


a Unified point cloud.
Figure 2

3 - 61 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Leica Geosystems Four Day
Introductory HDS Civil / Surveying Training
Section 3.6 - Reference Planes
3 - 62 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc
Section 3.6 Reference Planes
Introduction

Reference Planes can aid data


preparation and volume
measurements by showing a
grid spaced at desired interval.
Selecting points on grid lines
enables orderly point extraction
and clean TIN building.
Advanced Cyclone workflows
such as drawing tools and
coordinate systems further take
advantage of Reference Planes
flexibility.

There are many ways to view


and set Reference Planes, the
following section is only one
workflow.

3 - 63 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.6 Reference Planes
Workflow Progression

Field Work &


Data
Data
Collection
Extraction
Hardware & Pre-
Scanning Cyclone Combining Site or
Set-up Intersection
Scans

Registration Data Cleanup Data


Export to
CAD
Scanning Site, Route or
Road / Linear
Highway, or Roadway
Intersection

3 - 64 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.6 Reference Planes
Workflow Progression

1. Add Reference Plane


2. Set Grid Spacing
3. Rotating the Reference Plane

3 - 65 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.6 Reference Planes
1. Add Reference Plane

• Select Top View and then Rotate Scene to be


similar to view illustrated. See Figure 1.

• In ModelSpace View click on Tools, then click


Reference Plane, click Show Active Plane. See
Figure 2.

• Then, select Tools again, click on Reference


Plane, then click Set to Easting – Northing Plane
(same as X – Y).

• If needed, select Tools, then click Reference


Plane, click on Raise/Lower.

Visually lower or raise Reference Plane slightly


Figure 1
above ground surface.

Option: You may also set the plane to a specific


elevation using the Edit Active Plane dialog box,
explained further on the next page.

Option: You may use Pick Mode to pick a point


on the cloud and then select Tools, click Reference
Plane, then click Set Plane Origin at Pick Point.
Figure 2

3 - 66 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.6 Reference Planes
2. Set Grid Spacing

• In the ModelSpace View, click on Tools, click on


Reference Plane, then click Edit Active Plane. See
Figure 1.

• In the Reference Plane Parameters box, enter a


new value in the Grid Spacing box (usually half of
what the scope would be). See Figure 2.

Other Grid Values that can be changed are Color,


Line Weight, and Plane Origin. For example, a
volume can be measured from any elevation by
simply changing Plane Origin Z value.
See Figure 3.
Figure 1

Figure 2 Figure 3

3 - 67 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3.6 Reference Planes
3. Rotating the Reference Plane

• Select Top View.

• In the ModelSpace View, click on Tools, then click


Reference Plane, click Show Active Plane.

• Select Tools again, then click Reference Plane,


click Set to Easting – Northing Plane (same as
X-Y).

• Select Tools, click on Reference Plane, then


click Rotate.

• Click and drag the Reference Plane until you


have the angle that you want.

3 - 68 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


Section 3 HDS Users Guide & Training Reference
Quiz
1. What is the difference between a Constraint and a Cloud Constraint?
A. Constraint is a generic term and a Cloud Constraint referrers to the point cloud.
B. Constraint is a modeled object and a Cloud Constraint is point cloud specific.
C. Constraint and a Cloud Constraint are the same thing.
D. None of the above
2. When importing control, the point number needs to be labeled as what to be copied into the ControlSpace?
A. TargetID
B. Name
C. TargetHT
D. Desc
3. Can you use the ScanWorld Explorer to load individual scans of a unified point cloud?
A. True
B. False
4. The Reference Plane is defined as what?
A. A 2D plane
B. A tool for creating TIN’s
C. A tool for selecting Virtual Surveyor points on a grid.
D. All the above

3 - 69 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc


• END OF SECTION 3

• SLIDE # 70

3 - 70 Copyr. 2008 Leica Geosystems, Inc