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You are on page 1of 11

This workbook calculates and displays several items commonly needed when dealing with wall

assemblies. It uses standard methods, but most specifically uses the methods defined in:

“Thermal and Moisture Protection Manual” - Christine Beall – McGraw Hill1998. The ones currently

included are:

- Thermal gradient across a wall

- Saturation vapor pressure across a wall

- Actual vapor pressure across a wall

- Joint width necessary to address component movements and construction tolerances.

- Thermal Bridging

- Wind pressure on a wall in both PSF and inches of water

The main worksheet is the “Wall Gradients” worksheet. It is “protected” so that you won't make

unecessary mistakes while entering data. If you wish to make changes you can unprotect the document

since there is no password.

The “Saturation Pressure Worksheet” shows the coefficients of the polynomial that is used to

approximate the Saturated Water Pressure in the range -50c to 50c for which this equation is valid.

Notes:

- The worksheet is set up to accept up to 8 materials in the wall – plus the airfilms on either side. You

should work from the left side entering material names, thickness and properties. The worksheet will

work properly if you enter fewer than 8 materials.

- For thermal resistance the sheet is set up to expect Resistance per inch and then to calculate the total

resistance based on the thickness of the material. If you are given a specific Resistance (as for an air

film) then you can overide the calcuation.

- Similarly, for Vapor Resistance the sheet is set up to accept permeability and then calculate vapor

resistance per inch and the actual vapor resistance. You can override these last two.

J. Mitchell

Page 1

Instructions

erview

defined in:

998. The ones currently

rances.

unprotect the document

that is used to

is equation is valid.

s. The worksheet will

sistance (as for an air

two.

Page 2

Wall Gradients

Temp DegF TempDegC Rh Wind Sat VP Actual VP

Inside Conditions 68 20 50% 0 0.691 0.345

Outside Conditions 17 -8 73% 15 0.096 0.070

Delta -51 -28 -0.2749068

Total Wall R 13.7

Total Wall Rep 2.8

Material Name Gypsum Conc Block Polyst Ins AirSpace Brick

Thickness – in 0.5 6 1.5 1 3.875

X_Distance 0 0.5 6.5 8 9 12.875 12.875

R/in 1 0.255 6.2533333 0.97 0.11 0

R 0.68 0.5 1.53 9.38 0.97 0.42625 0

Permeabilty 120 18.75 19.2 1.2 120 3.2

Vapor Resistance/In 0.008 0.053 0.052 0.833 0.008 0.313 0.000

Vapor Resistance 0.008 0.027 0.313 1.250 0.008 1.211 0.000

Temp on On Right 65 64 58 23 19 18 18

Temp (DegC) 18.6 18 14 -5 -7 -8 -8

Saturated Vap Press 0.6325 0.5926 0.4838 0.1238 0.1061 0.0991 0.0991

Actual Vap Press 0.344 0.342 0.311 0.189 0.188 0.070 0.070

Delta Vap Press 0.2880322464 0.25070475 0.1724728 -0.0651577 -0.0819831 0.0295344 0.0295344

70 0.700

Vapor Pressure - inches of HG

60 0.600

50 0.500

Temp DegF

40 0.400

30 0.300

20 0.200

10 0.100

0 0.000

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

Page 1

Wall Gradients

12.875 12.875

0 0

0 0 0.17

0.000 0.000 0.000

18 18 17

-8 -8 -8

0.0991 0.0991 0.0964

0.070 0.070 0.070

0.0295344 0.0295344 0.0268536

essure in Wall

Actual Vap Press

8 10 12 14

tance

Page 2

Joint Width

The necessary width for a joint is addressed in Chapter 9 of “Thermal and Moisture Protection Manual”. There are

components that must included to determine the design width.

Jt = Thermal movement

Jm = Moisture movement

Jc = Construction Tolerances

JL 300 Inches Material Length in Inches

JTW 35 DegF Extreme Winter Wall Temperature

Jta 100 DegF Dry bulb Extreme summer air temperature

JX 75 Constant for heat capacity of material (table 9.2)

JS 0.8 Solar absorption coefficient (table 9.3)

JCT 8.6 Thermal Expansion Coefficient

JCM 8 Moisture Movment Coefficient

Sm 25% Pct Sealant Movement Capacity

SSF 80% Pct Sealant Safety Factor

JC 0.25 Inches Construction Tolerance

JTS 160 DegF Extreme Summer Wall Surface Temperature

JdeltaT 125 DegF Change in Temperature

Jmt 0.3225 Inches Thermal Movement of Joint

JT 1.6125 Inches Joint minimum width for thermal movement

JM 0.0024 Inches Joint minimum width for moisture movement

J 1.8649 Inches Design Joint minimum width

Page 1

Joint Width

Page 2

Saturation Pressure

Range Good -58 to 122 DegF

TinC 20.5555555556

a1

EsPoly 24.204 Mb a2

Sat_Water_In 0.7147 In of HG a3

a4

a5

a6

a7

1 Mb

1 MM

The saturation pressure of water vapor is a complicated 1 Mb

physical function. Good approximations to it are given at

http://hurri.kean.edu/~yoh/calculations/satvap/satvap.html

from -50c to 50c, approximately -58f to 122f.

how it is actually calculated. The main worksheet uses the

same formula

Page 3

Saturation Pressure

6.11E+000

4.44E-001

1.43E-002

2.65E-004

3.02E-006

2.04E-008

6.39E-011

to inches of Mercury

0.7500617 Mm of Hg

0.03937008 Inches

0.0295299891 Inches of HG

Page 4

Thermal Bridging Calculation

ValueR1 1 a 10.5 inches

ValueR2 1 b 1.5 inches

ValueR3 1

ValueR4 18 b

ValueR5 6 R1

a+b = 12 in

R5

Total Insulation Calculation

Insulation Stud Path

R1 1 1

R2 1 1

R3 1

R4 18

R5 6 R2

Total 21 8

Effective Insulation This sheet allows you to calculate the decrease in effective insulation valu

bridging. It assumes a stud-like material with insulating material filling bet

Reff 17.5

Decrease 3.5 Vary the dimensions and the insulation values to see the decrease in effe

Decrease% 17%

You can see that the formula in B24 is

=((Insulation_R*Stud_R)*(a+b)) / (a*Stud_R+b*Insulation_R)

This is derived from equating the sum of the heat flows through the two se

an "effective" resistance over the total width path and solving for the effec

Note that when you have metal bridging the calculation is more complex b

much small of the metal. In this case you must calculate a tributary area.

calculations.

a

b

R1

R3

R5

R2

l with insulating material filling between the studs.

d_R+b*Insulation_R)

the heat flows through the two separate paths to the heat flow of

idth path and solving for the effective resistance.

u must calculate a tributary area. See 3.4.2 of Beall for those

Wind Pressure as a function of wind speed in MPH

Gust Coeff 1

0 0.0 0.0

10 0.3 0.0

20 1.0 0.2

30 2.3 0.4

40 4.1 0.8

50 6.4 1.2

60 9.2 1.8

70 12.5 2.4

80 16.4 3.2

90 20.7 4.0

100 25.6 4.9

110 31.0 6.0

120 36.9 7.1

Wind Pressure

40.0

35.0

Pressure PSF & In Water

30.0

25.0 q PSF

20.0 q inches water

15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Speed MPH

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