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Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

UNIT 1

LEIDY KATERINE ORTEGA

Marzo - 2018
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

“NEVER STOP LEARNING BECAUSE LIFE


NEVER STOPS TEACHING “.
Cambridge University
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

WHAT IS A COMPOUND ADJETIVE?

It is an adjetive with two


or more words,usually
with a hyphem(-)
between them
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

ADJETIVE – PAST PARTICIPLE


EXAMPLE:

She is well-dressed woman Ellas es una mujer bien vestida

This house is a well-kept Esta casa esta bien conservada

My shirt is a well-worn Mi camiseta esta muy desgastada

Your father is a well-known person in Tu padre es una persona muy


the city conocida en la ciudad
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

NUMBERS
EXAMPLE:

She’s a four-year-old girl Ella es una niña de cuatro años de


edad
Tomorrow we’ll take a five- Mañana tomaremos un viaje de cinco
hourjourney horas
I did a hundred-question test Ayer hice una prueba de cien
yesterday preguntas
I received a ten-minute call He recibido una llamada de diez
minutos
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

 PERSONALITY
EXAMPLE:

My grandfather is a kind-hearted Mi abuelo es una persona de


person buen corazon

He’s a stuck-up friend Él es un amigo engreido

She’s a two-faced sister Ella es una hermana falsa


Yo trabajo con una persona
I job with a hard-working person trabajadora
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 BODY
EXAMPLE:

My friend is a dark- Mi amigo es una persona de


skinned person piel oscura

Her mother is a fair- Su madre es una mujer de


haired woman pelo rubio

I married with a green- Me casé con un hombre de


eye man ojos verdes
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MODAL VERBS
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MUST-HAVE TO
We must/ have to go now or we’ll be late. (We are obliged to –
obligation)
You must be back at noon. (Make sure you’ll be back----order)
You must see a doctor. (I strongly advise you ----- advice)
I have to be at work at 8: 30. (This is a rule----- rule)
You must not wear shorts at work. (It’s forbidden----- prohibition)
You don’t have to work overtime. (You aren’t obliged, You don’t
need to --- lack of obligation).
NOTE: We only use must in the simple present. In all other tenses
we use have to. He had to leave early yesterday.
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CAN/COULD / BE ABLE TO --- MAY/ MIGHT


Ability
He can/is able to swim fast. ( has the ability – present)

He could play tennis well. ( had the ability in the past)


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Permission
Can I leave my bag here? ( Is it OK if……? ----- request)

Could I use your cell phone? ( Is it possible for me..?-- more polite)

May I sit here. ( Could I……..? ---- more formal )


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Possibility
• He may come later. (It’s possible --- 50 %)
• She might not be back before Tuesday. (It’s possible -40%)

Requests
• Can you help me with the bags? (Please, help me…)
• Could/Would you lend me your MP3 player? (more polite)

Advice
• You must be careful with electricity. (Strong advice )
• You should / ought to work harder. ( advice )
• You could talk to him about it. (suggestion)
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

Practice
The duck ____swim in the river

The duck can swim in the river

________it be possible that you arrive early to class?

Might it be possible that you arrive early to class?

We ______ arrive early to the school.

We must arrive early to the school.


PAST PROGRESSIVE
Form : was / were + main verb + ing
PAST CONTINUOS
I / He /She / It was waiting for them
AFFIRMATIVE
You / we/ they were waiting for them

I / He /She / It wasn’t waiting for them


NEGATIVE
You / we/ they weren’t waiting for them

Was I / He /She / It waiting for them ?


INTERROGATIVE
Were You / we/ they waiting for them?

Yes, I / He /She / It was No, I / He /She / It wasn’t


SHORT ANSWERS Yes, You / we/ they were No, You / we/ they weren’t

We use the past progressive :


 For an action which was happening at a particular time in the past. I was reading a book
yesterday evening at 8 o’clock.
 For actions which were happening at the same time in the past . I was watching TV while
mom was cooking dinner.

Time expressions used with the past progressive:


Yesterday, last week, while, as, at ten o’clock yesterday morning, etc
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

Practice
Put the verbs in parentheses in the past progressive.
In my dream, it 1) ____________________ (snow).
We 2) ____________________ (wear) heavy clothes.
I 3) ______________________ (skate) pictures of me.
My mom 6)_________________ (smile) at me.
Some kids 7) ____________________ (make)
a snowman. We 8) _____________________ (have) a
great time.
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ING form (gerund) use


1.I am running

She has been crying since this morning

We were walking all day


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2, (after, in, at, by, under, through…)

After running I felt tired

We had difficulty in finding a parking spot

We are thinking about going to Paris with my parents

You will get a pay raise by working hard

Before leaving, you need to speak to your father

Instead of feeling sorry for yourself, get out of bed


Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

3. Reading novels is fun!

Smoking is forbidden

Speaking to you always makes me nervous

Flying makes me sick

Killing animals is a terrible hobby


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4. I like sleeping.
He does not like being seen doing exercise

I love driving a fast car

I enjoy playing with you.


I don’t mind coming with you

Children should avoid drinking Coke at night

When you finish cleaning the bathroom, continue with the


living room
The doctor recommends drinking a lot of water
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

ACTIVITY 3
Writing Assignment
PART 1
 Choose a photograph of the most
beautiful Colombian city where
you have been to. Send the photo
where you appeared and describe
that place.
 Send in the forum the picture and
a brief comment about it.
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

ACTIVITY 3
Writing Assignment
PART 2
 Answer the following questions about the
city you chose:

a) Where is the city?


b) What is the city like?
c) What is the weather like?
d) How big is the city?
e) What is the best thing about it?
f) How is the traffic in the city?
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

ACTIVITY 3
Writing Assignment
PART 3
 Write a text about your ideal city of Colombia
to visit on your vacations. Use at least two
pictures related to this place. Each paragraph
must have minimum four (4) sentences and
maximum six (6) sentences:

a) Paragraph 1: Location and weather of the city


b) Paragraph 2: Description of the city
c) Paragraph 3: Activities to do in the city
d) Paragraph 4: Positive and negative aspects
of the city
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL

ACTIVITY 3
Writing Assignment
PART 3
 It must have a title, from 220 words to 250 and
it is necessary to highlight with different colors
the following structures required:

 Modal Verbs

 Future Tense

 Phrasal Verbs
Instituto Virtual de Lenguas INVIL