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Muntinlupa National High School – Tunasan Annex

Muntinlupa City

A Semi-Detailed Lesson Plan in Grade 8


(3 days lesson plan)

Michael Jim Dacutanan Ms. Reneelyn R. Karunungan


Student Teacher Teacher

I. OBJECTIVES

At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:

 Explain the difference between Direct and Indirect discourse.


 Change direct sentences to indirect sentences.
 Apply direct and indirect discourse through interview.

II. SUBJECT MATTER

A. Topic: Direct and Indirect Speech

B. References: http://www.studyandexam.com/direct-indirect-speech.html
C. Materials: Pictures, Visual aids, Laptop, Speaker
D. Curriculum Link: Grammar

E. Method: Inductive, Cooperative Learning.

III. LEARNING ACTIVITIES


A. Daily Routine
1. Prayer
2. Setting the classroom atmosphere
3. Checking of attendance
4. Review of the previous lesson

 Class, what was our discussion yesterday?


 What do we mean by tenses of the verb?
 What are the tenses of the verb

Day 1: February 23, 2018


Pre-reading
B. Motivational Activity

The teacher will play a video of a news anchor and a news reporter reporting a news about the incoming
election. Students are instructed to observe the exchange of conversation between the two and how they deliver
the report to the people.

Motive Questions:
What is the video all about?
What can you say about their technique or way of delivering a report?
Why proper reporting is important?

E. Presentation of the lesson


Class, our lesson for today is about “Direct and Indirect Discourse.”

While Reading
F. Lesson Proper
The teacher will discuss Direct and Indirect Speech including the rules.

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH


1. When the actual words of the speaker are reproduced, it is called direct speech.
Example: He said, ‘I am going to school.’

2. When the main idea of a speaker’s words is reported by another person and the exact words are not
quoted, it is called indirect speech or reported speech.
Example: He said that he was going to school.

Rules:
1. Question marks and exclamation marks are not used in reported speech.
Examples: ‘Is it bleeding very much?’ Mr Sharma asked. (direct)
Mr Sharma asked if it was bleeding very much. (indirect)

2. In reported speech, the reporting verbs like asked/enquired, commanded/ ordered/requested,


advised/suggested, exclaimed/shouted, etc are often used in place of the reporting verb ‘said’ to convey
the mood of the spoken words.

Examples: Ramesh said, ‘How hot the soup is!’ (direct)


Ramesh exclaimed that the soup was hot. (indirect)

3. The tense of the verb in the reported speech is in the past tense. However, if the verb in the reported
speech is stating a universal truth, a habit, a constant situation, the tense of that verb does not change:

Examples: The boy said, ‘I brush my teeth every day.’ (simple present tense)
The boy said that he brushes his teeth every day. (simple present tense)
4. In an indirect or reported question, the subject comes before the verb, not after it. You do not use the
helping verb ‘do’ to form reported questions.

Example: Paul said, ‘What time does the bus come?’ (direct)
Paul asked what time the bus came. (indirect)

5. The pronouns are also changed in reported speech. Pronouns of the first person are changed as below:

Examples: He said, ‘I am bored.’ (direct)


He said that he was bored. (indirect)

While converting direct speech into indirect speech, the tense of the verb must change accordingly:
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Simple Present Simple Past
Simple past Past Perfect
Present Continuous Past Continuous
Present perfect Past Perfect
Shall Would
May Might
Can Could
Will Would

Words indicating ‘nearness’ of time and place are changed to words indicating ‘distance’ of time and place:
Direct speech - Indirect speech
This — that
These — those
Here — there
Now — then
Today — that day
Tomorrow — the next/following day
Yesterday — the day before/the previous day
After discussing, drills of changing direct to indirect speech were employed for students to have first-hand experience….

Day 2: February 26, 2018


G. Application
Student Reporter:
In this activity, students will be divided by pair and each one will play an important role.
Directions:
1. Each pair has to agree on who would be the interviewer and the interviewee.
2. They will decide what profession/occupation the interviewee would be.
3. Then reporter has to create 5 questions to be answered by the interviewee.
4. After the interview, the reporter will report the result of his/her interview to the class.
5. The teacher will give 2 points per correct question and answer and that is a total of (10) points for their
performance.
Interviewer Interviewee ( Engineer )
Questions: Answers:
1. 1.
2. 2.
3. 3.
4. 4.
5 5.

Day 3: February 27, 2018

IV. EVALUATION
Directions:

Write the letter of the correct conversion of the quoted statement.

1. “I read varied material,” Barbara said. Barbara said


A. That she reads varied material.
B. To read varied materials
C. That she has read varied material.
D. That she read varied material.
2. Mother said, “ Learn to make your own decisions”. Mother told us
A. To learn to make our own decisions.
B. That we learn to make our own decisions.
C. Learn to make your own decision.
D. Whether we learn to make our own decisions.
3. “How would you describe me?” Tonette asked. Tonette asked
A. How would you describe me.
B. If how I would describe him.
C. How I would describe him.
D. That I would describe him.
4. “Have you passed the examination?” I asked Cherry. I asked Cherry
A. Had she passed the examination
B. Have she passed the examination.
C. If she passed the examination.
D. If whether she passed the examination.
5. “The Philippines lies north of the equator”, Romy explained. Romy explained
A. The Philippines lay north of the equator.
B. That the Philippines lay north of the equator.
C. If the Philippines lies north of the equator.
D. That the Philippines lies north of the equator.
6. “Close the door!” the guard ordered the prisoner. The guard ordered the prisoner
A. Close the door
B. That the door be closed.
C. To close the door.
D. If the door be closed.
7. She inquired, “Is your work pleasant or not?”
A. If your work is pleasant or not.
B. Whether my work was pleasant or not
C. Whether my work is pleasant or not.
D. If the work was pleasant or not.
8. “The car is waiting for us,” he informed her. He informed her
A. That the car was waiting for them.
B. That the car is waiting for us.
C. The car is waiting for us
D. If the car was waiting for them.
9. “How much will the string beans cost?” she asked. She asked
A. how much will the string beans cost..
B. if how much would the string beans cost.
C. How much the string beans would cost.
D. If how much will the string beans cost.

10. Mike asked, “Did you find it difficult to learn Niponggo?


a. If you find it difficult to learn Niponggo.
b. Whether I find it difficult to learn Niponggo.
c. If I found it difficult to learn Niponggo.
d. Did you find it difficult to learn Niponggpo.
11. “Gold is mined in Baguio,” the guide said. The guide said
A. That if gold was mined in Baguio.
B. If gold is mined in Baguio
C. That gold is mined in Baguio
D. Gold was mined in Baguio.
12. “Please hang this by the window”, Mother requested. Mother requested me
A. That I hang this by the window.
B. To hang that by the window
C. Please hang this by the window.
D. Whether to hang this by the window.
13. My father is away on business,” he said. He said
A. That his father was away on business.
B. Whether that his father is away on business.
C. My father was away on business.
D. Whether to hang this by the window.
14. “Why will you spend the rest of your life in the province?” Mary inquired. Mary inquired
A. Why you will spend the rest of your life in the province
B. Why I would spend the rest of my life in the province
C. Why I will spend the rest of her life in the province
D. If why you would spend the rest of your life in the province.
15. “Will you allow me to escort you or not?” Luis asked. Luis asked
A. If you will allow me to escort you or not.
B. Whether he will allow you to escort him or not
C. Will you allow me to escort you or not.
D. Whether I would allow him to escort me or not.

V. AGREEMENT
Directions:
Read the dialog and report it. Write your answers in a one whole sheet of paper.
Mike: "What are you doing here, Liz? I haven't seen you since June."
Liz: "I've just come back from my holiday in Ireland."
Mike: "Did you enjoy it?"
Liz: "I love Ireland. And the Irish people were so friendly."
Mike: "Did you go to the Wicklow Mountains?"
Liz: "It was my first trip. I can show you some pictures. Are you doing anything tomorrow?"
Mike: "I must arrange a couple of things. But I am free tonight."
Liz: "You might come to my place. What time shall we meet?"
Mike: "I'll be there at eight. Is it all right?"