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Date

Assessment for Chapter 19:


Basic Sentence Parts
- it 1: Identifing Subjects and Predicates
For each sentence, draw a vertical line between the complete subject and the complete predicate.
Underline the simple subject once and the verb twice.
1. Archaeologists study the material remains of the past.
2. Broken pottery, discarded tools, and other kinds of garbage are an archaeologist’s dream.
3-. Even a garbage dump from the 1960s can reveal a lot about people’s lives then.
4. One important archaeological find was the tomb of the Egyptian king Tutankhamen.
5. Archaeologists and the general public were thrilled with the discovery in 1922 of King Tht’s body and
his golden treasures.
6. A young boy walked into a cave near the Dead Sea In 1947 and found the Dead Sea Scrolls.
7.The_ ecipheringof_these-religious4ocuments-hasrevealedVthe story_of_the Jews_under_Roman rule.

--

- thousand years ago.


9. Ruths from an older city are sometimes found under a newer city.
10. Each archaeological artifact must be freed from the earth, cleaned, and preserved.

Part 2: Identifying Hard-to-Find Subjects


Identilr the simple subject and the verb in each sentence. If the subject is understood, write (you).
‘1. Here Is an Interesting book about archaeological excavation.
Subject: Verb:
12. Read It and prepare a report for social studies class.
Subject: Verb: V

13. What a challenging job archaeologists have! V

Subject: Verb:
14. Would you enjoy thatjob? V V

Subject: Verb:
15. There are many tedious moments also.
Subject: Verb:
16. Eagerly awaited are archaeologists’ new discoveries.
Subject: V
Verb:

17. Which find do you consider the most important?


Subject: Verb:

18. Ask the librarian to order more books about archaeology.


Subject: Verb:
19. Which librarian places orders for new books?
Subject: Verb:
This. book I must have for my report.
Subject: Verb:

144 • Chapter 19: Basic Sentence Parts l PrenHce’HaII, Inc.


PT 3 Identifying Subjects and Predicates. Copy each of the. -

following sentences, and indicate with a vertical line the division be


tween the complete subject and the complete predicate. Next underline
the simple subject once and the simple predicate twice.
SAMPLE ANSWER: The care of our national parks us a great
C
responsibility. —

I. During the 1800s visitors to the Montana Territory returned with


stories about geysers, hot springs, and bubbling mud.
2. These fascinating reports prompted further exploration in a region
kEnown as Yellowstone.
3. As a result, in 1872 Congress established the Yellowstone region as
this country’s first national park.
4. Since that time about fifty similar parks have been established in
this country.
5. These national parks represent only one part of the entire National
Park System.
6. The U.Sgovernienthasdctamd rearlyifrre uirdredareas of his
—t-orie-i-m-port-ance---watu-ral-beauty,—or-recreational—vaiue -as parks.
7. A staff of several thousand employees is working to maintain the
national parks throughout North America.
8. Every opening in the park service will attract approximately forty
appJicants.
9. These park rangers are working to preserve the parkiands fOr future
generations.
10. Each summer, temporary workers from across the country join the
full-time park employees.

Write sentence if the item is a complete sentence oryt if the item is a


subordinate clause.

5 Example: When you talk to the teacher.


Answer: fragment
F’
1. Although I didn’t have an appointment.
2. Where the chess club meets every Thursday.
3. If you have a few minutes to spare.
4. Whoever comes will have a good thrie.
5. Because of the wonderful things he does.
6. Since you first moved to this town.
7. That would be all right.
8. When would you like to begin?
9. What role she might take in the performance?
10. Which he seemed to enjoy very much!
____
_____
____
____
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Name
Date

Kinds of Clauses
Teaching
A clause is a group of words that contains both
a subject and a verb. An independent
clause, also known as a main clause, expresses
a complete thought and can stand
alone as a sentence.
Grocery stares reQuire accurate records of their inventory.
SUBJECT VERB

A subordinate clause, also called a dependent claus


e, contains a subject and a verb
but does not express a complete thought and cann
ot stand alone as a sentence.
before a product i out (What happens at this time
?)
SUBJECT VERB

A subordinate clause must always be combined with


an independent clause.
A store must reorder stock before a product runs out.
INDEPENDENT CLAUSE SUBORDINATE CLAUSE

Two kinds of words that link or injEoduc


and coordinating conjunctions. ?ordinating con conjunctions
junctJpins two independent
clauses. Examples of coordinating ciT kns
i area or, but, and yet.
,
.ç c2
Store akys accurate records, but they didn’t
have the technology.
a subordinate clause.
After lasers and computers were invented, these machin
es solved the problem.
Y fhe following are examples of subordinating conj
unctions: after, although, as,
because, before, if, in order that, provided, since
, so that, until, when, where,
wherever; while.

Identifying Kinds of Clauses and Conjunctions


On the line after each sentence, identify the boldfaced
group of words by writing
IND for an independent clause or SUB for a subo
rdinate clause. Then find the
conjunction in the sentence. Underline a coordina
ting conjunction once and
underline a subordinating conjunction twice.

1. Customers demand thousands of products, and


every grocery tries to please.
-2 Because-people-have different-tastessto-res-arder-
many brands.
3. When a product is popular, a store stocks man
y sizes of that one product.
4. In the past, a cashier could not record every prod
© uct sold as she rang up a sale.
5. While the store was closed, workers took inve
ntory.
8 6. Managers noted products low in stock,end the
purchasing agent reordered.
7. If stock ran out too soon, customers complain
ed.
8. In 1948, when a graduate student at Drexel Insti
tute of Technology heard
about the problem, he and a partner set out to solv
e it.
9. Almost 25 years passed before their solution beca
me practical.
GRAMMAR FOR WRITiNG WORKBOOK 55
Name V Date V

Kinds of Clauses 1ore Practice


A. Identifying Conjunctions and Kinds of Clauses , -1
In these sentences, underline every independent clause once, underline every
conjunction twice, and place parentheses around every subordinate clause. Not
every sentence has more than one clause.
1. Although sea anemones resemble plants, they are actually animals.
2. I was eager to visit Greece because I had heard so much about its scenery.
3. He was not impressed by scenic views, but he had never seen the Grand
4 Canyon.
Before they began their trek across Antarctica, the explorers checked their
supplies.
5. Because of thick forests inland, the country’s cities are located on the
coast.

V
6. Many people love camping, yet--others-wont go near-a tent-

7. Because it is nocturnal, the badger is rarely seen by day.


8. Lin could hike alone in the woods, or she could walk her dog in the park.
9. Since I planted the trumpet vine, we have had hummingbirds in the
garden.
10. The Wrights are picking apples today, and they will start making cider
tomorrow.
B. Identifying Independent and Subordinate Clauses
Each sentence below contains two clauses and a conjunction. Underline the

D
conjunction and write above it either CC for coordinating conjunction or Sc
for
V subordinating conjunction. Above each clause write IND for independent or
subordinate.
SUB for
V

1. When inventors developed the first bar code, they used elements from
movie
soundtracks and Morse code.

2. Soundtracks were printed on the edge of the movie film, and light passin
g
through the film was converted to sound.

3. If light could “read” a soundtrack, it could read a bar code too.

4. Light passes through a film, but it has to bounce off a bar code
label.

5. After the light bounced off the inventors’ label, it entered an


oscilloscope.

6. Although the inventors’ idea worked in experiments, it required a very


bright light.
7. The idea would not work until the laser was invented.

8. Scientists tested many forms of bar codes before they chose the curren
t system.

56 GRAMMAR FOR WRITING WORKBOOK