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# Compact Midsize Full

655 427 456
702 525 402

## THIS IS THE OUTPUT AFTER YOU PERFORMED THE ANOVA IN EXCEL

Anova: Single Factor

SUMMARY
Groups Count Sum Average Variance
Compact 3 2000 666.6667 972.3333
Midsize 3 1421 473.6667 2417.333
Full 3 1342 447.3333 1737.333

ANOVA
Source of Variation SS df MS F P-value F crit
Between Groups 86049.55555556 2 43024.78 25.17541 0.001207 5.143253
Within Groups 10254 6 1709

Total 96303.55555556 8

Null Hypothesis, Ho: Mean pressure applied to the drivers' head during crash test is equal
Mean pressure of compact = Mean pressure of midsize = Mean pressure of fullsize
Alternative Hypothesis, H1: At least one of the mean is different
Rule:
If F is less than Fcrit : Accept null hypothesis
If F is greater than Fcrit: Reject null hypothesis, therefore accept the alternative hypothesis

Decision
Since F is greater than F crit, we reject the null hypothesis
Interpretation:
At least one of the car types exhibits a different mean pressure.
In other words, the performance of at least one type of car on mean pressure applied on the driver's head during crash test
differ from the others.
What if this is the data for the same example?

## Compact Midsize Full

622 641 659
654 648 658
623 639 640
Mean 633 642.7 652.3

## Anova: Single Factor

SUMMARY
Groups Count Sum Average Variance
Compact 3 1899 633 331
Midsize 3 1928 642.6667 22.33333
Full 3 1957 652.3333 114.3333

ANOVA
Source of Variation SS df MS F P-value F crit
Between G560.66667 2 280.3333 1.798289 0.244402 5.143253
Within Gro 935.33333 6 155.8889

Total 1496 8
Decision
Since F is less than F crit, we accept the null hypothesis
Interpretation:
The performance of the three car types on the pressure applied on the driver's head during cra