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DEPT OF AERO
AE1351 PROPULSION-II
TWO MARKS QUESTIONS
UNIT I
AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINES
1. Define stage efficiency.
2. Define reaction ratio.
3. What is the difference between impulse and reaction turbines?
4. What are the requirements should be satisfied when the gas turbine is to be usedas an aircraft
power plant?
5. Define work ratio.
6. Define total to static efficiency.
7. What are the functions of the gas turbine?
8. What are the primary parts of the turbines?
9. What are the classifications of the turbines?
10. What is meant by impulse turbine stage?
11. What is meant by reaction turbine?
12. Define blade loading coefficient.
13. Define degree of reaction.
14. Define optimum speed ratio.
15. Write short notes on external cooling for turbine blades.
16. Explain internal cooling method adopted for gas turbine blades?
17. What are the disadvantages of liquid cooling?
18. Write short notes on air cooling adopted in turbine blades.
19. What are the assumptions made while eliminating the flow through the stage?
20. Define blade efficiency.
21. Define total to total efficiency.
.

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UNIT II
RAMJET PROPULSION
1. Briefly explain scramjet engine?
2. Define thrust.
3. Define specific impulse.
4. What is the function of nozzle?
5. What is Mach number?
6. What are the burners used in the ramjet engine?
7. What is meant by ram effect?
8. What are the assumptions made for calculate the ideal efficiency of the ramjetengine?
9. Why ramjet engine does not require a compressor and a turbine?
10. Define propulsive efficiency of ramjet engine.
11. Define combustion efficiency.
12. Define diffuser efficiency.
13. What are the advantages of ramjet engine?
14. What are the disadvantages of ramjet engine?
15. What are the applications of ramjet engine?
16. Explain critical inlet mode operation.
17. What is subcritical operation?
18. What is super critical operation?
19. What are the factors to be considered to select the fuel for ramjet engine?
20. What are the factors affecting the combustion process?

UNIT III
FUNDAMENTALS OF ROCKET PROPULSION
1. DefineIWR?
2. Explain the performance of the rocket engine.
3. What is thrust coefficient?
4. Define specific propellant consumption.
5. Define altitude.
6. What is the advantage of bell nozzle over conical nozzle?

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7. What is internal ballistics?


8. Define characteristic velocity.
9. Define overall efficiency.
10. Define thermal efficiency.
11. Define effective jet velocity.
12. Write short notes on aero spike nozzle.
13. State the comparison between jet engines and rocket engines.
14. What are the classifications of rocket engine?
15. What is under expanded nozzle?
16. What is over expanded nozzle?
17. What are the advantages of conical nozzle?
18. Define effective speed ratio.
19. In rocket engine, how the propulsive efficiency varies with respect to speed ratio?
20. What is weight flow ratio?

UNIT IV
CHEMICAL ROCKETS
1. What are the disadvantages of liquid propellant rocket engine?
2. What are the types of propellant feed system?
3. What are the basic combustion processes?
4. What are the advantages of solid propellant rocket engine?
5. What are the disadvantages of solid propellant rocket engine?
6. What is the limitation of hybrid rocket engine?
7. What are the advantages of hybrid rocket engine?
8. What is the use of strand burner?
9. What is cold gas propellant?
10. What is gelled propellant?
11. Define Mixture ratio.
12. Define heterogeneous propellants.
13. Define homogenous propellants.

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14. Define burning rate.


15. What is monopropellant?
16. What is bipropellant?
17. Classify the rocket engine based on source of energy employed?
18. What are the factors increase the burning rate?
19. What are the components of liquid propellant rocket engine?
20. What the conditions of maximum propulsive efficiency?

UNIT V
ADVANCED PROPULSION TECHNIQUES
1. What are the disadvantages of pulsed plasma electrical propulsion system?
2. What are the advantages of steady state plasma electromagnetic propulsion system?
3. What are the disadvantages of steady state plasma electromagnetic propulsionsystem?
4. What are the advantages of Hall thruster?
5. What are the disadvantages of Hall thruster?
6. What are the requirements for solar sail powered spacecraft?
7. What are the types of electrical rocket engines?
8. What are the components in Arc plasma rocket engine?
9. What are the components in Magneto- plasma rocket engine?
10. What are the components in Ion rocket engine?
11. Write down three fuel – oxidizer combination for hybrid propellant rockets?
12. What are the advantages of hybrid propellant rockets engine?
13. What are the methods for ion generation?
There are three methods for ion generation. They are
14. What are the advantages of electrical propulsion system?
15. What are the disadvantages of electrical propulsion system?
16. What are the advantages of arc jet propulsion system?
17. What are the disadvantages of arc jet propulsion system?
18. What are the advantages of ion jet propulsion system?
19. What are the disadvantages of ion jet propulsion system?
20. What are the advantages of pulsed plasma electrical propulsion system?

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Part-B
UNIT I
AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINES
1. Describe the working of axial flow turbine stage with neat sketch.
2. Describe the working of radial flow turbine stage with neat sketch.
3. Discuss the limiting factors in turbine design.
4. What are the cooling methods adopted in turbine blades? Explain.
5. What are the factors considered to select blade profile, pitch and chord?
6. In a single stage impulse turbine the nozzle discharge the fluid on to the blades atan angle of
65 degrees to the axial direction and the fluid leaves the blades with anabsolute velocity of 300
m/s at an angle of 30 degrees to the axial direction. If theblades have equal inlet and outlet angles
and there is no axial thrust, estimate theblade angle, power produced per kg/s of the fluid and
blade efficiency.
7. A multi stage turbine is to be designed with impulse stages, and is to operate withan inlet
pressure and temperature of 6 bar and 900 K and an outlet pressure of 1bar. The isentropic
efficiency of the turbine is 85 %. All the stages are to have anozzle outlet angle of 75 degrees
and equal outlet and inlet blade angles. Meanblade speed of 250 m/s and equal inlet and outlet
gas velocities. Estimate themaximum number of stages required.
8. Explain procedure for matching the turbine and compressor?
9. An axial flow turbine has a blade speed at the mean diameter is 300 mps, and massflow is 2.5
kg/s. The gas temperature at turbine inlet and outlet are 500 degrees and 300degrees respectively.
The fixed blade outlet angle is 20 degrees measured in the samedirection of U. The axial velocity
remains constant at 200 mps. Determine powerdeveloped.
10. The blades of free vortex turbine rotor have inlet and outlet angled of 60 degrees and 65
degrees at a mean diameter of 100 cm. The corresponding nozzle angle is 70 degrees. Thehub tip
ratio is 0.6 and the turbine runs at 3600 rpm. Calculate for the hub, mean and tipsections (a)
Blade angles (b) Degree of reaction (c) Blade to gas speed ratio
UNIT II
RAMJET PROPULSION
1. Explain the performance of ramjet engine?
2. Derive ideal efficiency for Ramjet engine.

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3. Explain baffle type burner with neat sketch.


4. Explain the process involved in supersonic combustion ramjet engine.
5. Explain typical modes of inlet operation?
6. Explain can type of burner with neat sketch.
7. Discuss the problems associated with the supersonic combustion process?
8. A ramjet engine operates at M= 1.2 at an altitude of 6500 m. The diameterof the inlet diffuser
at entry is 50 cm and stagnation temperature at thenozzle entry is 15oo K. The C.V of the fuel
used is40 MJ/kg. Theproperties of the combustion gases are same as that of the air (γ=1.4,
R=287 J/kg K). The velocity of air at the diffuser exit is negligible.
Calculate the
i) The efficiency of ideal cycle
ii) Flight speed
iii) Air flow rate
iv) Diffuser pressure ratio
v) Fuel air ratio
vi) Nozzle jet Mach number
The efficiency of diffuser is 0.9, combustor = 0.98, nozzle = 0.96
9. A ramjet engine propels on an aircraft at Mach no = 1.4 and at an altitudeof 6ooo m. the
diameter of inlet diffuser at the entry is 40 cm and C.V offuel is 43 MJ/kg. The stagnation
temperature at the nozzle entry is 1500 K.
The properties of combustion gases are same as those of air(γ=1.4 , R=287
J/kg K). Find
i) Efficiency of ideal cycle
ii) Flight speed
iii) Air flow rate
iv) Diffuser pressure ratio
v) Fuel air ratio
vi) Nozzle pressure ratio
vii) Nozzle jet Mach number
viii) Propulsive efficiency
ix) Thrust

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Efficiency of diffuser is 0.92 , combustor is 0.97 , nozzle is 0.95 and combustor


pressure loss is 0.22.
10. A ramjet engine flies at an altitude of 6500 m and the flight Mach numberis 4. The data for
the engine is given below.
i) Air fuel ratio = 52
ii) C. V. of fuel = 44 MJ/kg
iii) Diffuser inlet diameter = 0.48 m
iv) Efficiency of diffuser = 0.85
v) Efficiency of combustor = 0.97
vi) Efficiency of nozzle = 0.96
Calculate
1. Ideal cycle efficiency
2. Flight speed
3. Air fuel consumption
4. Diffuser pressure ratio
5. Maximum engine temperature
6. Nozzle pressure ratio
7. Exit Mach number
8. Thrust
9. Air specific impulse
10. Thrust specific fuel ratio
UNIT III
FUNDAMENTALS OF ROCKET PROPULSION
1. A rocket flies at a speed of 10,000 kMph with an effective exhaust velocityof 1350 m/s and
the heat produced by the propellant is 6600 KJ / kg. If thepropellant flow rate is 4.8 kg/s,
determine,
(i) Propulsive efficiency
(ii) Propulsive power
(iii) Engine output
(iv) Thermal efficiency
(v) Overall efficiency

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2. Derive propulsive efficiency for rocket engine.


3. A rocket is to be designed to produce 5 MN thrust at sea level. Thepressure in the combustion
chamber is 7 MPa and the temperature is 2800K. If the working fluid is assumed to be a perfect
gas with the properties ofair at room temperature, determine the following:
(i) Specific impulse
(ii) Mass flow rate
(iii) Throat diameter
(iv) Exit diameter
4. Explain conical nozzle with neat sketch.
5. Explain bell nozzle with suitable sketch.
6. Describe the working principle of typical rocket engine with neatsketch.
7. Derive thrust equation for rocket engine.
8. A rocket nozzle has a throat area of 20 cm2, combustion chamberpressure of 24 bar and
weight flow rate is 45 N/s. If the specificimpulse is 128 seconds. Find
(i) Thrust coefficient
(ii) Propellant weight flow coefficient
(iii)Specific propellant consumption
(iv) Characteristic velocity
9. A rocket engine has following data:
Propellant flow rate = 5.1 kg / s
Nozzle exit diameter = 11 cm
Nozzle exit diameter = 1.03 bar
Ambient pressure = 1.013 bar
Thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar
Thrust = 6.8 KN. Find the following:
(i) Exit Mach number
(ii) Nozzle area ratio
(iii)Throat area
(iv) Thrust coefficient
(v) Propellant weight flow coefficient
(vi) Characteristic velocity. Take specific heat ratio as 1.3.

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UNIT IV
CHEMICAL ROCKETS
1. With the help of a schematic diagram, explain elaborate scheme of a typical turbopump feed
system.
2. Explain the hardware components of solid propellant rocket engine with neat sketch and
explain its working principle.
3. What are the advantages of liquid propellant system over solid propellant system?
4. List and very briefly explain the methods of cooling adopted for rocket motors.
5. Explain strand burner with diagram
6. Describe the working of liquid propellant rocket engine with neat sketch.
7. Describe the working of solid propellant rocket engine with neat sketch?
8. With the help of a schematic diagram, explain elaborate scheme of a gas pressurefeed system.
9. What are the important factors that influence the burning rate of a solidpropellant? Explain.
10. Briefly explain about selection criteria of solid propellants?

UNIT V
ADVANCED PROPULSION TECHNIQUES
1. Explain briefly about propellant grain design consideration?
2. Explain combustion process in rocket engine?
3. Explain briefly about hybrid propellant rocket engine with diagram?
4. Explain briefly about arc plasma rocket engine?
5. Explain briefly about Ion rocket engine?
6. Briefly explain about selection criteria of liquid propellants?
7. Explain briefly about Thrust vector control?
8. Briefly explain about the nuclear rocket engine with diagram?
9. Briefly explain about electromagnetic thrusters?
10. Explain the concept of nozzle less propulsion with example?

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