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Works Cited

Primary

Anscombe, Elizabeth. ​Modern Moral Philosphy​. 1958. This is a PDF of Elizabeth Anscombe’s

work. It was directly opposed to consequentialism and everything it did. This helped me

understand why cons. doesn’t always work.

Bentham, Jeremy. ​An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. Printed in the

Year 1780, and Now First Published​. Printed for T. Payne, 1789. This is the direct work

of Jeremy Bentham. He formulated Utility and theorized about it. This helped me

understand where modern Util came from.

Mill, John Stuart. ​Happiness as the Foundation of Morality​. This is a primary source from a

book on moral philosophy. It is one of the direct philosophies I’m analyzing. It helped me

understand the philosophy itself.

Mill, John Stuart. ​Utilitarianism​. This is a primary source from a work of John Stuart Mill. It

explains his concepts of Util. This helped me to understand some aspects of it such as

religion.

STIRNER, MAX. ​EGO AND HIS OWN​. AK Press, 2016. This is the work of Max Stirner. He

believed in egoism, which is a subset of consequentialism. This helped me to better

understand what egoism is and why it works.


Secondary

A, Arthur. “Difference Between Consequentialism and Utilitarianism.” ​Difference Between​, 16

Aug. 2012,

www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-consequentialism-and-vs-utilitarianism/

. This clarifies the difference between Util and consequentialism. It explains how they're

different, even though Util is a subset. This helps me understand what the difference is.

Baker, Katy. “The Consequences of Accepting Consequentialism.” ​Philosophy Now: a Magazine

of Ideas​, Jan. 2016,

philosophynow.org/issues/115/The_Consequences_of_Accepting_Consequentialism.

This explains some situations and how consequentialism is applied to them. This helps to

contextualize it in real life to better understand how it works.

Esposito, Lenny. “Come Reason's Apologetics Notes.” ​Some Problems with Consequentialism​, 1

Jan. 2013,

apologetics-notes.comereason.org/2013/12/some-problems-with-consequentialism.html.

This explains three reasons that consequentialism doesn't work. It helps to understand the

problems with the philosophy to better understand it.

Farsides, Tom. “The Psychology of Altruism.” ​The Psychology of Altruism​, 1 Aug. 2007,

thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-20/edition-8/psychology-altruism. This is a post about

altruism. This explains how altruists believe we should put others before ourselves. This

helped me understand the psychology behind this belief.

Haines, William. “Consequentialism.” ​Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy​, Jan. 2000,

www.iep.utm.edu/conseque/. This is a resource that talks about many parts of


consequentialism. It explains different parts of it such as love, equality, and what

consequences are. this helped me get a better understanding on some aspects of the

philosophy.

Heydt, Colin. “John Stuart Mill.” ​Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy​, Jan. 2000,

www.iep.utm.edu/milljs/. This is a more comprehensive look on Mill. It not only looks at

his philosophy, but his life and works. This gives me more background on him.

Mastin, Luke. “Altruism.” ​Altruism - The Basics of Philosophy​, Jan. 2008,

www.philosophybasics.com/branch_altruism.html. This is another summary on altruism

that hit its key points. It explained the links between altruism and consequentialism and

util. This helped me understand how they’re all connected.

Mastin, Luke. “Ascetism.” ​Asceticism - The Basics of Philosophy​, Jan. 2008,

www.philosophybasics.com/branch_asceticism.html. This is about asceticism. It

summarizes their beliefs about religion being tied to consequentialism. This helped me

understand the subset of consequentialists who believe we should have no pleasure.

Mastin, Luke. “Consequentalism.” ​Consequentialism - The Basics of Philosophy​, Jan. 2008,

www.philosophybasics.com/branch_consequentialism.html. This is a post on

consequentialism itself. It explains the philosophy and the philosopher's behind it. This

gave me more info on the topic.

Mastin, Luke. “Egoism.” ​Egoism - The Basics of Philosophy​, Jan. 2008,

www.philosophybasics.com/branch_egoism.html. This is a post about egoism. It

summarizes what egoists believe and how they came to be. This helps me understand this

branch of consequentialism and that it is essentially utilitarianism but only for yourself.
Mastin, Luke. “Hedonism.” ​Hedonism-The Basics of Philosophy​, Jan. 2008,

www.philosophybasics.com/branch_hedonism.html. This is a post on hedonism. It

explains the philosophy of hedonism and its beliefs. This helps me to understand the

history of Util because Util is essentially modified hedonism.

Mastin, Luke. “Jeremy Bentham.” ​Jeremy Bentham > By Individual Philosopher > Philosophy​,

Jan. 2008, www.philosophybasics.com/philosophers_bentham.html. This is a post on

Jeremy Bentham. It explains his role in Util. This helped me understand the history of

Util and who conceived it.

Mastin, Luke. “John Stuart Mill.” ​John Stuart Mill > By Individual Philosopher > Philosophy​,

Jan. 2008, www.philosophybasics.com/philosophers_mill.html. This is a secondary

source on Mill himself. It talked about his life and how he came to become an icon for

Util. This helped me understand the person behind the philosophy.

Mastin, Luke. “Utilitarianism.” ​Utilitarianism - The Basics of Philosophy​, Jan. 2008,

www.philosophybasics.com/branch_utilitarianism.html. This is a post on Util. It explains

the most popular subset of consequentialism and how it works. This helped me to better

understand some overarching points about this philosophy.

Nubcaek, Norman. “Introduction to Ethics Phil 140 @ Binghamton University, Win '11.”

Introduction to Ethics​, 21 Jan. 2011,

parenethical.com/phil140win11/tag/greatest-happiness-principle/. This is a secondary

source from a blog post about morality. It summarizes the philosophy and points out its

flaws. This helps me to understand ways in which Util doesn’t work.