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I.

INTRODUCTION
C. Formulation of the Goals of the Establishment of the ELT Program

a. How can a program be developed to improve students' public speaking and news
writing skills
To develop a program, we need to analyze the situation first. For instance, our
target is SMA students who are required to understand expressions in speaking. Then,
the program should be strongly associated with the basic goal, that is, knowledge
about language, culture, and society. Committee should consider the needs or
problems the members and the community are facing. It is important to establish or
confirm the basic purpose so everyone inside and outside organization can understand
it. Agreement on the basic goals to be reached amongst the members. Thus, specific
objectives is needed to accomplish this. Those specific objectives are as follows:
- For MC-ing, the goals is, in the end of the course, students will havedeveloped the
ability to make a good MC-ing text for different events(competition, festival, or
innauguration).
- For speech (persuasive), the goal is that by the end of the course, students will
have developed the ability to make a good persuasive speech draft under the topic
of bullying, social media, and environment
- For writing (news), the goals are for students to be able to understand the elements
of and what constitutes “good news item writing”, able to understand the elements
of and what constitutes “good news item writing”, able to create and edit news
and item become more aware of their news item writing and be able to identify the
specific areas in which improvement is needed.

There are some steps to follow in order to develop the program:


- State the purpose of the comittee, its primary function and the goal of the comittee.
The goal is primary interest areas of the organization, that is to teach knowledge
about language, culture, and society to SMA student.
- Identify and assess needs of the target. In this occasion, the needs of SMA
students is to understand expressions in speaking.
- Next step is to create a comprehensive action plan that includes learning theories,
instructional design, content, materials and any other elements. Resources and
training delivery methods should also be detailed. While developing the program,
the level of training and participants’ learning styles need to also be considered.
- Last, is evaluate and revise the program. The program should be continually
monitored to be evaluated in the end to determine if it was successful and met the
objectives. Feedback should be obtained from all members. Analyzing this
feedback will allow the comittee to identify any weaknesses in the program. At
this point, the training program or action plan can be revised if objectives or
expectations are not being met.

D. Significance of the Establishment of the ELT Program

The significance of the establishment of the ELT Program is for helping people to
improve their skills in English they want to improve. In the upcoming course, we just provide
speaking and writing skills especially in public speaking, MC-ing and writing news article for
those who are needed. In this course, we focus on senior high school students.

From this course on ELT Program, there are some advantages:


1. For community members
a. This program could help them to improve their skills in English, especially in
public speaking, MC-ing, and writing news article.
b. This program can give the community members a pre-image of UNY and how
does it look like to them before enrolling to the university. It is such a relief if they
have a wonderful impression on it.
c. The community members will know the ability of the English teacher soon-to-be
of English Department of UNY.
2. For related institutions
The program can act as a promoting media. It will be an incredible opportunity
for UNY because many people will know the existence of it more than before because
the community members will visit UNY by themselves and interested to be a student
of this university in the future.
3. For student-teachers
a. For student-teacher, this program can act as a training facility to give experience
to student-teachers to prepare them better in facing the real class.
b. This program can give the student-teacher a preview of what is their future
students might seem like.
c. This program also help them to manage their time, emotion, or else while
preparing the needs before teaching.
III. METHOD OF ELT PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT

B. Procedure of Course Development

a. The formulation of goals and objectives

In formulating the goals and objetives for the upcoming course, we have gone through
several steps. The first step was to formulate the umbrella goals of the course. Umbrella goals
are what the students will generally be able to do after joining the course. After that, we listed
all the possible goals for the course by looking at the conceptualization of content. After
having the list of the goals, we organized them into a coherent goals by applying the
conceptual framework. Different conceptual frameworks could help us to organize the goals.
In formulating the goals for the course, we have worked with one of the conceptual
framework called KASA, which is an acronym for Knowledge, Awareness, Skills, and
Attitude.

According to Graves (2000:83) Knowledge goals address what students will know
and understand. These goals include knowledge about language and about culture and society.
Awareness goals address what students need to be aware of when learning a language. Skills
goals address what students can do with the language. Attitude goals are those that address
the affective and value-based dimension of learning: students’ feeling toward themselves,
toward others, and toward the target language and culture. These goals include respect, self-
confidence, and valuing community.

KASA framework is applied in formulating the goals of the three skills provided in
the course which are MC-ing, persuassive speech, and news item writing. Each of the skill
has their own KASA goals. For the news item writing, the Knowledge goal is that by the end
of the course, students will be able to understand the elements of and what constitutes good
news item writing. The Awareness goal is that by the end of the course, students will have
become more aware of their news item writing and be able to identify the specific areas in
which improvement is needed. The Skills goals are students will have developed the ability to
create good news item, and students will develop skills in editing the news item writing. The
Attitude goal is that by the end of the course, students will have developed a possitive attitude
toward news article writing. Furthermore, the objectives for each KASA goals are formulated
by also looking at the content conceptualization that was made by the previous group.
Objectives are statements about how the goals will be achieved. Objectives should be more
specific than goals. For each KASA goal, we formulate three until nine objectives for each
goal.
IV. THE DESIGN OF ELT PROGRAM AND CURRICULUM COMPONENTS

A. ELT Program Design


a. Goals and Objectives
1. Umbrella Goals of The Course
- This course will improve the students’ knowledge about the elements of news
article writing and also their skills in writing a good news article.
- This course will give the students tools in being a confident public speaker (MC).
- This course will give the studets tools in being a skillful Master of Ceremony.
- This course will give competitive aids for the students to become more productive
with their English.
2. Goals and Objectives for Journalism (News Item Writing)
 Knowledge
Goal 1. By the end of the course, students will be able to understand the
elements of and what constitutes “good news item writing”
-Objective 1a. Students will be able to identify the generic structure,
language feature, and social purpose of news item.
-Objective 1b. Students will be able to choose a good topic to write.
-Objective 1c. Students will be able to determine what technique they will
use to collect data in writing news item (note taking, summarising)
-Objective 1d. Students will be able to identify and distinguish facts and
opinions.
-Objective 1e. Students will have sufficient knowledge of their news item
writing to be able to determine whether their writing is good or needs
further work.
 Awareness
Goal 2. By the end of the course, students will have become more aware
of their news item writing and be able to identify the specific areas in
which improvement is needed.
-Objectives 2a. Students will become aware to write news article in a
good structure.
-Objective 2b. Each student will be able to evaluate their own writing on
news item.
-Objective 2c. Students will learn how to work in pairs and small groups
to learn how to give and receive feedback on news item writing.
-Objective 2d. Students will become aware with the importance and
benefits of news article writing.
 Skills
Goal 3. By the end of the course, students will have developed the ability
to create good news item.
-Objective 3a. Students will be able to collect data by using note taking
and summarising.
-Objective 3b. Students will be able to do outlining.
-Objective 3c. Students wil be able to develop ideas into a good news item
texts.
-Objective 3d. Students will be able to paraphrase the data which have
been collected.
-Objective 3e. Students will be able to arrange news item appropriate with
the generic structure.
-Objective 3f. Students will be able to use direct and indirect quotation.
-Objective 3g. Students will be able to use the appropriate tenses (past
tense, present tense) when writing news item.

Goal 4. Students will develop skills in editing the news item writing.
-Objective 4a. Students will be able to correct the grammatical errors into
the right one.
-Objecctive 4b. Students will be able to correct miss spelling of the words
into the right one.
-Objecctive 4c. Students will be able to revise their writing if it is still not
in a good order.
 Attitude
Goal 4. By the end of the course, students will have developed a possitive
attitude toward news article writing.
-Objective 4a. Students will become more confident in their ability to
write news item by developing and improving writing skills and strategies.
-Objective 4b. Students will be able to apply their knowlege on news item
writing into the real-world situation (write news article for newspaper
/magazine)
-Objective 4c. Student will recognize the importance and benefits of
news item writing.

3. Goals and Objectives for Mc-Ing


 Knowledge
Goal 1. By the end of the course, students will be able to understand the
elements of MC-ing
-Objective 1a. Students will be able to distinguish formal and informal
MC-ing.
-Objective 1b. Students will be able to identify the sequence of MC-ing
(Addressing audience, Greeting, Thanking, Introducing self, Sequencing
agenda, Introducing speakers and guests, Inviting speakers, Token
Appreciation, Closing)
-Objective 1c. Students will be able to determine the language they will
use in MC-ing that is appropriate with the degree of formality of the event.
 Awarenes
Goal 2. By the end of the course, students will become aware of the way
they do MC-ing and be able to identify the specific areas in which
improvement is needed.
-Objective 2a. Students will become aware of their pronunciation when do
MC-ing.
-Objective 2b. Students will become aware of their articulation when do
MC-ing.
-Objective 2c. Students will become aware of their gestures and facial
expressions when do MC-ing.
-Objective 2d. Students will become aware of their weaknesses and
evaluate it in do MC-ing and will be able to improve.
-Objective 2e. Students will become aware of the grammar used in MC-
ing (present tense, present continuous, passive voice, modals, future tense)
-Objective 2f. Students will become aware of the importance of MC-ing
for their future career.
 Skills
Goal 3. By the end of the course, students will have developed the ability
to make a good MC-ing text for festival.
-Objective 3a. Students will be able to make a draft for MC-ing in festival
appropriate with the structure of MC-ing
-Objective 3b. Students will be able to do MC-ing with a good sequence
of MC-ing (Addressing audience, Greeting, Thanking, Introducing self,
Sequencing agenda, Introducing speakers and guests, Inviting speakers,
Token Appreciation, Closing)
-Objective 3c. Students will be able to adjust the diction in delivering
speech appropriate with the formality of the events (competition, festival,
or innauguration)
-Objective 3d. Students will be able to use appropriate pronunciation
when do MC-ing.
-Objective 3e. Students will be able to use appropriate intonation when do
MC-ing.
-Objective 3f. Students will be able to use appropriate gestures and facial
expressions when do MC-ing.
 Attitude
Goal 4. By the end of the course, students will have developed a possitive
attitude toward MC-ing.
-Objective 4a. Students will become more confident in MC-ing by
developing and improving their MC-ing skills.
-Objective 4b. Students will be able to apply their knowledge on MC-ing
for festival.
-Objective 4c. Students will realize the importance of MC-ing for their
future career.

4. Goals and Objectives for Persuassive Speech


 Knowledge
Goal 1. By the end of the course, students will be able to understand the
elements of persuassive speech and what constitutes “good persuassive
speech”
-Objective 1a. Students will be able to identify the sequence of
persuassive speech.
-Objective 1b. Students will be able to identify the purpose of persuassive
speech.
-Objectives 1c. Students will be able to choose a good topic to deliver in
their persussive speech.
-Objective 1d. Students will be able to determine what aids they will use
in delivering persuassive speech (video, ppt slides, pictures)
-Objective 1e. Students will be able to identify the grammar used in
persuassive speech (Modals, Present tense, Active and passive voice)
 Awareness
Goal 2. By the end of the course, students will become aware of the way
they do the persuassive speech and be able to identify the specific areas in
which improvement is needed.
-Objective 2a. Students will become aware of their pronunciation when
doing persuassive speech.
-Objective 2b. Students will become aware of their articulation when
delivering persuassive speech.
-Objective 2c. Students will become aware of their gestures and facial
expressions when delivering persuassive speech.
-Objective 2d. Students will understand the purpose of persuassive speech
so that they will be able to persuade the audience through their speech.
-Objective 2e. Students will understand the importance of visual aids in
delivering persuassive speech.
-Objective 2f. Students will be become aware of their weaknesses and
evaluate it in in delivering persuassive speech and will be able to improve
their speech.
 Skills
Goal 3. By the end of the course, students will have developed the ability
to make a good persuassive speech draft under the topic of bullying, social
media, and environment.
-Objective 3a. Students will be able to choose a good topic of persuassive
speech provided by the teacher (bullying, environment, social media).
-Objective 3b. Students will be able to brainstorm their ideas to create a
good persuassive speech draft
-Objective 3c. Students will be able to develop their ideas to create a good
persuassive speech draft.
-Objective 3d. Students will be able to use various kind of aids in
delivering persuassive speech (video, ppt slides, pictures)
-Objective 3e. Students will be able to deliver a persuasive speech under
the topic of bullying, social media, and environment with correct
pronunciation.
-Objective 3f. Students will be able to deliver a persuasive speech under
the topic of bullying, social media, and environment with correct timbre.
-Objective 3g. Students will be able to deliver a persuasive speech under
the topic of bullying, social media, and environment with appropriate
articulation.
-Objective 3h. Students will be able to deliver a persuasive speech under
the topic of bullying, social media, and environment with appropriate
gestures and facial expressions.
-Objective 3i.Students will be able to use the expressions of persuading in
their persuassive speech to persuade the reader.
 Attitude
Goal 4. By the end of the course, students will have developed a possitive
attitude toward persuasive speech (bullying, environment, social media).
-Objective 4a. Students will become more confident in delivering speech
by developing and improving their skills in speech in the topic of current
issues (bullying, environment, social media).
-Objective 4b. Students will be able to apply their knowledge of speech
into events e.g speech competition and final test.
-Objective 4c. Students will realize the benefits and the importance of
persuassive speech for their future career.