SOLAR SYSTEM

 Solar Technology (Which we can take up or do)
o Solar Thermal System
o Solar Photovoltaic System

 Industrial Application (Areas where we can integrate our technology)
o Pharmaceutical Plants
o Hospitals
o Poultry Plants
o Power Station
o Laundry Plants
o Palm Oil Mill
o General Manufacturing Plants

To be integrated with existing technology such boilers, and power supply.

 Integrated Solution for Cities
 Integrated Solution for Communities
 Integrated Solution for Gardens
 Integrated Solution for Highway System
 Integrated Solution for Airports & Seaports
 Integrated Solution for Schools
 Integrated Solution for Petroleum and Mining Industries
 Integrated Solution for Factories and Enterprises
 Integrated Solution for Farms

Example Sites

http://thermaxglobal.com/

http://himinsun.com/

http://www.ameresco.com/solution/renewable-energy/solar-power/solar-
thermal/
Solar Thermal System

A solar thermal system works by
harnessing is the sun’s energy and converting
it into heat which is then transferred into
your solar panel heating system as hot water or
space heating. Solar thermal panels are used
in conjunction with a boiler, collector or
immersion heater.

Solar Photovoltaic System

Solar PV system use cells to convert
sunlight into electricity. The PV cell consists of
one or two layers of a semi conducting material,
usually silicon. When light shines on the cell it
creates an electric field across the layers
causing electricity to flow. The greater the
intensity of the light, the greater the flow of
electricity.
Solar Thermal system;
a) Heat Pipe Solar Collector

Solar vacuum tubes have always been the most efficient solar power production systems,
it’s converts the solar energy into heat energy. The heat pipe series solar collector are always
connected with existing heating supply device or storage tank. Next, the selective coating on the
inner cover of the evacuated tubes converts solar energy into heat energy and transfers heat to
the heat pipes by aluminum fins.
The liquid in the heat pipe changes into vapour which rises to the condenser. The heat
then passes through the heat exchanger and the vapour becomes liquid, returning to the base of
the heat pipe. Next, the heat conducts to the heat transfer liquid by a copper pipe. It will continuous
circulation as long as the collector is heated by the sun. In an indirect system, the fluid that
circulates through the collector may be water or it may be another heat transfer fluid. This heat-
collecting fluid never comes in contact with the potable water in the storage tank. Instead, it
transfers heat to the potable water through a heat exchanger.
1. Manifold
2. Insulation
3. Header pipe
4. Header pipe condenser
5. Seal
6. Heat pipe
7. Aluminum fin
8. Vacuum tube

Here is one possible design, listing components of a Heat pipe solar thermal system.
1/6. temperature sensor
2. air vent
3. wiring to the differential controller
4. circulating pump
5/7/16. -pressure relied valve
8. temperature gauge
9. tempering valve
10. hot water valve output
11. cold water input
12. the tempering valve ensures water
is never too hot
13. by-pass valve
14. check valve
15. cold water input to solar panel
17. vacuum tube solar panel (collector)
18. existing hot water heater
19. storage tank with heat exchenger
20. temperature differential controller
21. pressure gauge
22. expension tank
23. mass flow meter
b) Solar Water Heater

Solar water heating is the conversion of sunlight into heat for water heating using a solar thermal
collector. There are two glass tubes which make single evacuated vacuum glass tube. The tubes
are fused on one side and hermetically sealed with each other on the other side. The internal
glass tube is coated with highly observing environmental friendly coating to trap the solar energy.
The sunlight radiation falls on the glass tube passes through external glass tube and absorbed
by the multi layer coating on internal glass tube and converted into heat.
This heats up the water contained in the inner glass tube. The heated water is lighter than the
normal water thus it starts rising through the tube. The effect is called ‘Thermosyphon’ (natural
circulation) effect which let the water eventually travel towards the top storage tank.
Simultaneously cold water from the tank descends to the tube, gets heated in the absorber and
rises back to the tank. The cycle keeps repeating. The water retains its heat for a long time as the
hot water storage tank is insulated to prevent heat loss.
Solar Photovoltaic System

What is Solar PV

Solar photovoltaics (PV) systems turn sunlight
into an electrical current. This power can be stored
in batteries, used as Direct Current (DC) or
converted to Alternating Current (AC) for household
or industrial use, or feed directly into the electrical
grid..

Individual PV cells usually comprise layers of
doped crystalline silicon, sandwiched beneath glass
to create a photodiode. These cells are then
assembled into panels, which in turn can be linked
together to form larger arrays.

How does it works?

Solar electric systems convert sunlight to
“DC” or direct current electricity where
electrons flow in one direction. Solar cells,
generally consisting of 2 layers of silicon (semi-
conductor material) and a separation layer, are
wired together and assembled into panels or
modules.

When the cells are exposed to sunlight,
photons from the sun interact with electrons in
the upper silicon layer, basically knocking them
loose from their associated atoms. The loose
electrons are attracted to atoms in the lower
layer of silicon and travel through the wire to
get there. This movement of electrons from
one side of the cell to the other through the wire
is electrical current.