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Design of Prestress concrete for sec subject to M&N

Sec ( 1-1 )
Input data :-
B= 200 cm tf = 15 cm cover = 20 cm
H= 170 cm tw = 30 cm span = 40 m
Fcui = 400 kg/cm2 Fcu = 400 kg/cm2 Ec = 280000 kg/cm2
R = 0.8 K = 0.3 Fpu = 18981 kg/cm2
M o.w = 282.94 mt M DL 154.01 mt M LL 54.81 mt
N o.w. 14.23 t N DL. 8.51 t N LL 3.5 t
Q ow. 38.25 t Q DL. 25.2 t Q LL 9.6 t
for Fpu= 270ksi for diameter 0.6'' = 0.215 in B = 0.75
s = 16 cm No. of branch = 2 Fy st = 2400 kg/cm2

Properties of sec P- inetial

Area = 7650 cm2 Pi= 641.594 t


Yb = 108.333 cm
Yt = 61.667 cm Calculation of steel
I= 22867187.5 cm4
r= 54.673 cm Fpi .= 14045.9 t/cm2
e= 88.3 cm Aps = 45.6782 cm2

P-effective Apswire = 1.38709 cm2


No, of wire = 32.9309
Mb= 453.393 mt use 32 2 # 18
Pe = 513.275 t Aps( act ) = 44.387 cm2

check stress
At transfer :-
Ft = -7.338 kg/cm2 0.48 fcui = 192 All. Comp safe
Fb = -145.360 kg/cm 2
0.87 (fcui/gc)^0.5 14.207 All. Ten. safe

At Perment
Balanced Condition
Ft,b = -67.095 kg/cm2 0.36 fcu 144 All. Comp safe
Unbalanced Condition
All live load exist :
Ft = -56.752 kg/cm2 0.36 fcu 144 All. Comp safe
Fb = -85.275 kg/cm 2
1.47 (fcui/gc)^0.5 24.005 All. Ten. safe
No live load exist :
Ft = -74.888 kg/cm2 0.36 fcu 144 All. Comp safe
Fb = -62.664 kg/cm2 1.47 (fcui/gc)^0.5 24.005 All. Ten. safe

Calculation of Fps
Fy = 17082.9 kg/cm2 gp = 0.28 ( Fy = 0.9 x Fpu )
mp = 0.001128483 B = 0.75

Fps = 18506.67055 kg/cm2 ( Fps = Fpu (1- gp(mpx1.25xFpu)/(Fcu xB )))


(ACI 95 - 18-3 )
Check Ductility
wp = 0.065263962 < 0.36 B 0.27 safe

Check Ultimate Capacity


Mu app. = 737.64 mt ( Mu = 1.4 (Mow+MDL)+ 1.6 (MLL))

a= 20.57 cm <= tf ( a =( ApsxFs /gs ) / ( 0.67xFcuxB/gc ))


Mu cap. = 1170.5744 mt >Mu app safe

Design for shear


Qu = 6.72 t
qu = 1.493 kg/cm2 qcu = 12.25 kg/cm2
As = 0.46 cm2
use 6 j 8 /m
Check Losses
Time dependent losses
a- Greep of concrete
n = 7.14 ( n = ( Es /Ec ))
Fcs = -103.726 ( Fcs = ((-0.9 pi (1+( e2/r2))+(Mowxe/Ic))
DFcr = 1185.4 kg/cm2 (DFcr =1.6 n Fcs )

b- Shrinkage of concrete

fsh = 0.8 time = 28 day


ksh = 0.356 H = 60 % moisture cured
Ep = 2.00E+06 esh = 8.00E-04
DFsh = 1031.11 kg/cm2 (DFsh = Ep x esh (1-Ksh ))

c- Steel Relaxation

time = 5 years
DFrl = 1239.52 kg/cm2 (DFrl = 0.9 Fpi log(time)x((0.9 Fpi / Fpy )-0.55 )/10 )

Pe (act.) 483.73 t ( Pe = pi - ( Time losses * Aps ))


R act. 0.75 compare with R assumption safe
Design of Prestress concrete for sec subject to M&N
Sec ( 2-2 )
Input data :-
B= 200 cm tf = 15 cm cover = 20 cm
H= 170 cm tw = 30 cm span = 40 m
Fcui = 350 kg/cm2 Fcu = 400 kg/cm2 Ec = 280000 kg/cm2
R = 0.8 K = 0.3 Fpu = 18981 kg/cm2
M o.w = 99.56 mt M DL 59.59 mt M LL 21.99 mt
N o.w. 14.23 t N DL. 8.51 t N LL 3.5 t
for Fpu= 270ksi for diameter 0.6'' = 0.215 in B = 0.75
Pe = 513.275 t Aps = 44.387 cm2 Use 2 # 18

Properties of sec P-effective

Area = 7650 cm2 Mb= 165.747 mt


Yb = 108.333 cm Pe = 513.28 t
Yt = 61.667 cm P- inetial
I= 22867187.5 cm4
r= 54.673 cm Pi= 641.594 t
e= 32.292 cm

check stress
At transfer :-
Ft = -32.885 kg/cm2 0.48 fcui = 168 All. Comp safe
Fb = -112.895 kg/cm2 0.87 (fcui/gc)^0.5 13.2895 All. Ten. safe

At Perment
Balanced Condition
Ft,b = -67.095 kg/cm2 0.36 fcu = 144 All. Comp safe
Unbalanced Condition
All live load exist :
Ft = -62.947 kg/cm2 0.36 fcu 144 All. Comp safe
Fb = -74.391 kg/cm 2
1.47 (fcui/gc)^0.5 24.005 All. Ten. safe
No live load exist :
Ft = -70.224 kg/cm2 0.36 fcu 144 All. Comp safe
Fb = -65.319 kg/cm2 1.47 (fcui/gc)^0.5 24.005 All. Ten. safe

Calculation of Fps
Fy = 17082.9 kg/cm2 gp = 0.28 ( Fy = 0.9 x Fpu )
mp = 0.0015782 B = 0.75

Fps = 18317.64339 kg/cm2 ( Fps = Fpu (1- gp(mpx1.25xFpu)/(Fcu xB )))


Check Ductility
wp = 0.090340338 < 0.36 B 0.27 safe

Check Ultimate Capacity


Mu app. = 271.71 mt
( a =( ApsxFs /gs ) / ( 0.67xFcuxB/gc ))
a= 19.79 cm ( as rect. )
Mu cap. = 683.50983 mt >Mu app safe

Check Losses
Time dependent losses
a- Greep of concrete
n = 7.14 ( n = ( Es /Ec ))
Fcs = -79.339 ( Fcs = ((-0.9 pi (1+( e2/r2))+(Mowxe/Ic))
DFcr = 906.7 kg/cm2 (DFcr =1.6 n Fcs )

b- Shrinkage of concrete

fsh = 0.8 time = 28 day


ksh = 0.356 H = 60 % moisture cured
Ep = 2.00E+06 kg/cm2 esh = 8.00E-04
DFsh = 1031.11 kg/cm2 (DFsh = Ep x esh (1-Ksh ))

c- Steel Relaxation

time = 5 years
DFrl = 3.92 kg/cm2 (DFrl = 0.9 Fpi log(time)x((0.9 Fpi / Fpy )-0.55 )/10 )

Pe (act.) 555.40 t ( Pe = pi - ( Time losses * Aps ))


R act. 0.87 compare with R assumption safe