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- - ;
- - ;

- - .

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(. 1):
- - ;
- Q - , ;
- G2 , ;
- , , Y
G1.
, ,
, .

. ,
Y G1.
Y = G1 = G cos . (5.1)
, :

P = Q + G2 = Q + G sin .(5.2)
,

.

. 1

=Gcos -

P= Q =G sin -
:

- , ,
;
- , ,
G2.
, , .
G,
, , , Y,
G2 , .
.
-
.

P
= .
G
(5.3)

:
- -17 = 0,52,
- -29 = 0,34.
,
, ( = 90).

,
, , ,
, ,
.

.
Y =G cos .

2
Cy S = G cos .
2 (5.4)

(5.4)

2G
= cos .
Cy S (5.5)

2G
Cy S -
(5.5)

= cos . (5.6)

os , ,
, .
( = 20)
. ,
20 - 25, , , , ,
.

,
, ,
Gg , .
, .
= Q + G sin . (5.7)
, ,
. (5.7)
:
= + G sin . (5.8)
, ,
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, .
, , .
G2.
( 30)
= + . (5.9)
(, ),
.

.
, ,
.
N = N + . (5.10)
N,
,
.

.

,
, , .
,
V=162 / ( 52) V=137 / ( -55) ( n=100%,
=500 , ).
. V =162 KM/
( -52) Vnp=137 / ( -55) V
N V .
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.

. 2 -52 -55
-52 -55 500
. 2.
V
( , ),
V ( ,
V - , ).

, .

.

( ).
.
-52 n= 100%, =500
Vnp=162 /, Vy =10 /, =8.
-55 , =100%,
=500 Vnp-= 137 /, Vy=15 /, =90.
.

.
. -
52 =100%, =500 Vnp=140 /- =12.
-55 =100%, =500 Vnp=115 /- =22.
,
.

(
).
, , -52
-55 .

V V d
, dV >0,
.
d
V V, dV<0.
, ,
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( )
, , (. 3).
, Y
, . . .
, P1,
G sin 1,
G sin 1 '

> 1
1
'

, , , ,
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. ,

2=Gsin 2 < 1 .
'


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. 3 1- 2-


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() .
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.
y = f(H) (. 4).
.
1. ( ) (1,2,3,4 .
.) ,
1,5 .
2. = f{H} .
.

3. - .
4.

t=

. (5.11)
5. t, .
.
ci .
. 5 , , ,
.

. 4

. 5

= f(t) ,
.


-
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. .
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( ) .
,
( ),
. (. 6).

. 6 : - V ; -

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. -
,
. ,
(). ()
.
, ,
0,5 /.

200 . (. . 6).

G 2
( ),
2 g .
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.

. 7
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.


G
2

2g ,
= ( ,
G
2
,
) 2g
G .
G
2
G
2
G = .
2 2g (5.12)

( + )( )
= .
2g


= ,
g (7.19)
- ;
- .
, ,
.
:
.
Y.
,
. -
( )
.
. , -
. (
) , , .
=
, 2000 - 4000 (. 7).



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W (. 8).

. 8

, ,
() ( ) .
, = , , = W, = +W
(. . 8).
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