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# Name ______________ Date ________ Block __

## Topic 2.1 Kinematics

What is gravity? Where does it come from? What kinds of things have gravity?
I have two masses. One is a basketball. The other is a 5lb bag of potatoes. If I hold them at the same height
and drop them at the same time, which one hits the ground first?
Do they have a constant velocity?
Do they have the same gravitational force acting on them?
What if I use a piece of paper and a book? What happens now? Why?
First
Second

## 2.1.1 Define displacement, velocity, speed and acceleration.

____________ a scalar quantity of position changed
Displacement - a vector quantity of a change in the position of an object.
Speed is the rate of change of distance with respect to time. (scalar)
____________ is the rate of change of displacement with respect to time. (vector quantity)
Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity with respect to time. (vector quantity)

Displacement Practice
A mass initially at 0m moves 10m to the right and then 2m to the left. What is the final displacement? What
is the final distance traveled?

A mass initially at 0m, first moves 5m to the right and then 12m to the left. What is the total distance
covered by the mass and what is the change in displacement?

## Speed is normally given in m/s or km/h.

OR ms-1 or kmh-1
What the difference between speed and Velocity
Speed is a scalar, velocity is a vector.

Velocity Practice
A car of length 4.2m travelling in a straight line takes 0.56s to go past a mark on the road. What is the speed
of the car?

A car starts out from the 100km mark in a straight line and moves a distance of 20km towards the right, and
then returns to its starting position 1h later. What is the average speed and the average velocity for this trip?

2.1.2 Explain the difference between instantaneous and average values of speed, velocity and acceleration.
A car travels 16 km and takes about 4 hours. What is the cars velocity?
Really? Are you sure? Are you saying that the car traveled at a speed of 4km/h the entire time?
4km/h is the ____________ ____________.
At any given moment that car could have been moving at 0km/h or even 100km/h.
If we look at the velocity at any given moment in time we would be looking at the ____________
____________
Avg Velocity = Displacement / time
Instantaneous velocity = velocity at given moment.
ex. Initial velocity, final velocity.
Equations

Acceleration
We mostly look at constant acceleration situations.
In this case the instantaneous acceleration and average acceleration are the same thing.
Acceleration due to gravity is 9.8m/s2 or 10m/s2 or 9.81m/s2.
Dont forget about the ball thrown upward. (drawing)

## Dont forget about the variable table!

Acceleration Practice
An object starting with an initial velocity of 2 m/s undergoes constant acceleration. After 5s its velocity is
found to be 12m/s. What is the acceleration?

A ball is thrown downward from a 70m tower with an initial velocity of 3m/s. How fast would it be going
after 2 seconds? What would its position be after 2seconds?

A mass has an initial velocity of 10m/s. It moves with acceleration -2m/s2. When will it have a zero
velocity?

What is the displacement after 10s of a mass whose initial velocity is 2m/s and moves with acceleration of
4m/s2?

A car has an initial velocity of 5m/s. When its displacement increases by 20m, its velocity becomes 7m/s.
What is the acceleration?

A body has initial velocity of 4m/s and a velocity of 12m/s after 6s. What is the displacement?
Kinematics Practice
Two balls start out moving to the right with constant velocities of 5m/s and 4m/s. The slow ball stars first
and the other 4s later. How far from the starting position are they when they meet?

A mass is thrown upwards with an initial velocity of 30m/s. A second mass is dropped from directly above,
a height of 60m from the first mass, 0.5s later. When do the masses meet and how high is the point where
they meet?

t=20s so s = 80m
t=2.35s so s is 42.9m
Exercises (Hamper, Ch2)
1) Convert the following speeds into m/s.
- A car travelling at 100 km/h
- A runner running at 20 km/h
3) Calculate the final velocity of a body that starts from rest and accelerates at 5m/s for a distance of 100m.
4) A body starts with a velocity of 20m/s and accelerates for 200m with an acceleration of 5m/s. What is the
final velocity of the body?
5) A body accelerates at 10m s-2 reaching a final velocity of 20m s-1 in 5s. What was the initial velocity of the
body?
6) A ball is thrown upwards with a velocity of 30m/s. What is the displacement of the ball after 2s?
7) A ball is dropped. What will its velocity be after falling 65cm?
8) A ball is thrown upwards with a velocity of 20m/s. After how many seconds will the ball return to its starting
point?