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BS-5950-90 Example-001

STEEL DESIGNERS MANUAL SIXTH EDITION - DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED COMPOSITE

BEAM

EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
Design a composite floor with beams at 3-m centers spanning 12 m. The
composite slab is 130 mm deep. The floor is to resist an imposed load of 5.0
is to be un-propped during construction.

E = 205,000 MPa w = 1.5kN/m (Construction)
Fy = 355 MPa w = 1.5kN/m (Superimposed Load)

Selection of steel section, camber and shear stud distribution

Member bending capacities, at construction and in service
Member deflections, at construction and in service

BS-5950-90 Example-001 - 1
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RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are referenced from the first example, Design of Simply
Supported Composite Beam, in Chapter 21 of the Steel Construction Institute
Steel Designers Manual, Sixth Edition.

Percent
Output Parameter ETABS Independent
Difference

Moment (kN-m)

COMPUTER FILE: BS-5950-90 EXAMPLE 001.EDB

CONCLUSION
The ETABS results show an acceptable comparison with the independent results.

BS-5950-90 Example-001 - 2
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HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Materials:
S355 Steel:
E = 205,000 MPa, py = 355 MPa, s = 7850 kg/m3
Light-weight concrete:
E = 24,855 MPa, fcu = 30 MPa, c = 1800 kg/m3
Section:
UKB457x191x67
D = 453.6 mm, bf = 189.9 mm, tf = 12.7 mm, tw = 8.5 mm
Asteel = 8,540 mm2, Isteel = 29,380 cm4
Deck:
Ds =130 mm, Dp = 50 mm, sr = 300 mm, br = 150 mm
Shear Connectors:
d = 19 mm, h = 95 mm, Fu = 450 MPa

Self weight slab = 2.0 kN/m2
Self weight beam = 0.67 kN/m
Ceiling = 0.5 kN/m2
Partitions (live load) = 1.0 kN/m2
Occupancy (live load) = 5.0 kN/m2

Design for Pre-Composite Condition:

Construction Required Flexural Strength:
wult construction = 1.4 0.67 + (1.4 2.0 + 1.6 0.5 ) 3.0 = 11.74 kN/m

BS-5950-90 Example-001 - 3
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wult construction L2 11.74 122

M ult construction
= = = 211.3 kN-m
8 8
M s = S z Py = 1, 470 103 355 106 = 521.9 kN-m

Pre-Composite Deflection:
wconstruction = 2.0 3.0 + 0.67 = 6.67 kN/m

5 wconstruction L4 5 6.67 12, 0004

= = = 29.9 mm
384 E I 384 205, 000 29,380 104
Camber
= 0.8 =
24 mm, which is rounded down to 20 mm

Design for Composite Flexural Strength:

Required Flexural Strength:
wult = 1.4 0.67 + (1.4 2.0 + 1.6 1 + 1.6 5 ) 3.0 = 40.24 kN/m

wult L2 40.24 122

M
= ult = = 724.3 kN-m
8 8
Full Composite Action Available Flexural Strength:
Effective width of slab:
L 12,000
B=
e = = 3, 000 mm 3,000 mmm
4 4
Resistance of slab in compression:
Rc = 0.45 f cu Be ( Ds D p )= 0.45 30 3, 000 (130 50 ) 103 = 3, 240 kN

Resistance of steel in tension:

Rs = Py = As p y = 8, 540 355 103 = 3, 032 kN controls

Moment resistance of composite beam for full composite action:

D R ( Ds D p )
M=
pc Rs + Ds s for Rs Rc
2 Rc 2
453.6 3, 032 80
= 3, 032 + 130 = 103 968.2 kN-m
2 3, 240 2

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Partial Composite Action Available Flexural Strength:

Assume 76% composite action:
Rq = 0.76 Rs = 2,304 kN

Tensile Resistance of web:

Rw = tw ( D 2 t f ) p y = 8.5 ( 453.6 2 12.7 ) 355 103 = 1, 292 kN

As Rq > Rw, the plastic axis is in the steel flange, and

D Rq ( Ds D p ) ( Rs Rq ) 2 t f
M c =Rs + Rq Ds
2 Rc 2 Rf 4

( 3, 032 2,304 ) 12.7 103

2
453.6 2,304 80
= 3, 032 103 + 2,304 130 103
2 3, 240 2 ( 3, 032 1, 292 ) 4
= 919.6 kN-m

Shear Stud Strength:

Characteristic resistance of 19 mm-diameter studs in normal weight 30 MPa
concrete:
Qk = 100 kN from BS 5950: Part 3 Table 5
Qk = 90 kN
Reduction factor for profile shape with ribs perpendicular to the beam and two studs
per rib:

br ( h D p ) 150 ( 95 50 )
k = 0.6 = 0.6 = 1.62 but k 0.8
Dp Dp 50 50
Design strength:
Q p =k 0.8 Qk =0.8 0.8 90 =57.6 kN

Shear Stud Distribution:

Rq 2,304
n
= = = 40 studs from each end to mid-span
Qp 64

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The second moment of area of the composite section, based on elastic properties, Ic
is given by:

Asteel ( D+ Ds + D p ) beff ( Ds D p )
2 3

Ic
= + + I steel
4 (1 + e r ) 12 e
Asteel 8,540
=r = = 0.0356
beff ( Ds D p ) 3, 000 (130 50 )
For light-weight concrete:
s =10
l =25
wdl + wsdl + 0.33 wlive 6.67 + 1.5 + 0.33 18
=l = = 0.541
wdl + wsdl + wlive 6.67 + 1.5 + 18

e = s + l ( l s ) = 10 + 0.541 ( 25 10 ) = 18.1

2

=Ic + + 294 106

4 (1 + 18.1 0.0356 ) 12 18.1
= ( 521 + 7 + 294 ) 106= 822 106 mm 4
Live load deflection assuming full composite action:

5 18 (12, 000 )
4
5 wlive L4
=c = = 28.9 mm
384 E I c 384 205, 000 822 106

5 18 (12, 000 )
4
5 wlive L4
=s =
384 E I c 384 205, 000 294 106
= 80.7 mm non-composite reference deflection
partial = c + 0.3 (1 K ) ( s c )
= 28.9 + 0.3 (1 0.76 ) ( 80.7 28.9=
) 32.6 mm

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Design for Shear Strength:

Required Shear Strength:
wult L 40.24 12
=Fv = = 241.4 kN
2 2
Shear Resistance of Steel Section:

P = 0.6 p A = 0.6 355 453.4 8.5 103 = 821.2 kN

V y v

BS-5950-90 Example-001 - 7