INFINITE BUS
AbstractShort circuit ABCleun it in iilllour, use it anywhere, he VIZ
memorize no formula. The MYA method for 110lving industrial fil{'JVJISC VSl./JVJV/Z
powel" system short circuits appropriately fits this dexription. Indeed, Z 0.01 OHMS
vJE ISC E2/z
:;olving short circuit problems with tile MYA me t hod is u easy u 0 13.8 KV VASC E2/z
1000 IKVJ2 I Z
learning the ABC's.. ICVASC
MVASC KV2/ Z
FAULT
INTRODUCTION
Y'JV
S
.HORT CIRCUIT studies are necessary for any power E
I SC SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT IN AMPERES
distribution system to determine switchgear rating for E LINE TO LINE VOLTAGE IN VOLTS
protective relaying, and to determine the voltage drop during V LINE TO NEUTRAL VOLTAGE IN VOLTS '
Z Llf!E TO NEUTRAL IMPl!DANCE IN OHMS
starting of large motors. One line diagrams are not complete .
r.NA SC SHORT CIRCUIT MVA
unless the short crcuit values ii.re solved at various sfrategic
Fig. I. One line diagram.
points. No ubstation equipment, motor control centers,
breaker panels, etc., can be purchased without knowledge of
of the complete short circuit information of the enfire power
distribution system.
}
SYSTEM
500
500 MVA
Knowing how .to calculate short circuit problems is a must
for. every electrical engineer. To learn it may be easy for some,
}
difficult for others. However, to db the problems, anywhere TRANSFORMER
llOMVA 50/0.1
in or out of the office where tl:ie references ari: not available x 0.1
13.BICV 13.BICV
_ _ may not . be an easy task because the conventional mcfthods of
solving short circuits involve too many formulas. To memorize
}
MOTOR
50 MVA 50/0.2  250
them at all times is impractical for the maj6ritY. x o.2
WHAT REALLY Is THE MVA METHOD? MVA 1 2 MVA 1 MVA7 / MVA1 + MVA2
:=:Basica!Jy, the. MVA method is a modification of the Ohmic 600 600/ !500 + l500 250
e e
Committee of the IEEE Industry Applications Society for presentation
al the 1973 Pet roleum and Chemical Industry Conference, Howton, not available, but its voltage and impedance are given, the
Tex., S ptemb r 1719. Manuscript released for publication October short circuit MVA can be calculated with the application of
31, 1973.

The allthor llwith the Bechtel Corporation, San Francisco, Calif. (3).
PAGE 4. 7 . 2
FUSE TECHNOLOGY COURSE
LEVEL 2
method.)
short cir
(Use reactanc e
base
X
dmded
witli
.
.
the
cucmt
t MVA ?f
by its
MVA 1!500
A. CONVERT TO MVA'I
 v
MVA

(!9)2
J.17
'; 1.17 OHMS
its awn MVA
MvAcontrib u"ffonoFtriemotoi:is: eqiial:tc
""
lj) j
12 ICV
MVA3 The question now is: how do you combine the Xd 0..2
parallel MVA I+ 2 = MVA I + MVA1 .. (6) 1. SERIES: MVA1.2 MVA1 x MVA2 I MVA1 + MVA7
From (5) and (6), it can easily be recognized that series MVA
2
.3. DELTATDWYE
The tenn with the asterisk is the new MVA1 value which is
the result of combining MVA1 and MVA2 After the opera
tion, the new MVA1 which is 250 MV A, replaces the old 1.0
Up to now, the reader has spent about 15 min in slow read Fig. 6. Series combination ratio.
ing. He has found that there has been nothing new, and the
formulas are no more than good old Ohm's Law arithmetics.
Incoming line short circuit duty in MVA is nonnally given
Now, he can forget the formulas and start the ABC. by power companies. Therefore, use the value as given and no
conversion is rquired. However, if impedance or reactance at
A. Convert to MVA 's
the terminal is given, find its short circuit MYA by dividing its
Convert all one line components to short circuit MVA's. (KV)2 by its ohms.
Equipment_ such .as generators, motors, transformers, etc., are As conversion is being made, an MVA diagram is being
1orma1Jy given their own MVA and impedance or reactance developed. On line diagram 4{) is replaced with MVA
c.J;,,s. The short circuit MVA of each is equal to its MVA
diagram 4{b).
divided by its own per unit impedance r reactance. . :
:;or a feeder where voltage is given and its impedance or re B. Combine MVA 's
tctance is known, its short circuit MVA is eq{w to (KV)2 I) Series MVA's are combined as resistances in parallel.
iivided by its impedance or reactance in ohms. 2) Parallel MVA's are added arithmetically. Refer to Fig.
rMllC:. '+ I '1
FUSE TECHNOLOGY COURSE
LEVEL 2
13.1 KY :!OMVA
300 MVA )(,i"0.1
13.8 KV
X 0.019 OHMll
 _ :::_:;...
::. ======= === _= =::
;_ :::.=== ___:
:::== :=:=  1   .  .
X 0.1>1 I OHMS X 0.011 OHMS
.


20MVA :!OMVA
x. 0.1 X0.1
1MVA
XO.OV
.x.i 0.
x.i 11.2 211
:_::::_:_::_. :::....:.:_;: _:.. :_,_3,___._____
ALL MOTORS
l50200HP
TOTAL 1 MVA
"'.ll.215
Fig. 7. One line diagram.
675X 198 I
MVA1
I
3 = = 153 I
675+198 15
228 x 1000
12= =llOOOA.
11
f ../3Xl2
For MVA1:;; add MVAi and MVA;m series. For MVA14, 12
add MVA I and MV in parallel. I12 is the short circuit
current at 12 kV. Fis. 8. MYA diagram.
_ _;3) Delta to. wye conversions are rarely used in industrial
power distribution systems, but they are again simple arith curve. Read the lwrizontal value 0.8, which is the result of
..:.._ITletic. Re"rer toFi 5(a)and (b)..::= _


B/A + B; then
 4)ThLQulri;ioint that ru:e.di.JnorCattenti9n is thLJ:enes
combination if a slide rule is not available. The attempt here is T=A(B/A+B)
to be able to solve most short circuit problems with reasonable
=IOX 0.8 = 8.
accuracywithoutthe useofaslide"rule;.:___  .
With the aid of the curve in Fig. 6, let us analyze the series It is also noted that when combining two quantities in series,
combination the result is always smaller than the smallest of the two. The.
example shows the result to be 8 when comb ining l 0 and
reactances.
. , ' + B is platted as a constant on a loglog scale base from Fig. 7 is a typical distrlbution one line diagram including a
100 which is the ratio of B/A. (Refer to Fig. 6.) For delta connected feeder system. Reactanccs only are used for
example, let A = 10, B =40, and B/A =4. Read 4,at 11.ori practical purposes. Fig. 8 is an MYA diagram th.at mows all
zontal scale. From 4 project upward until it intersects the elements in the one line in MYA quantities. Fig. 9{a) shows
PAGE 4. 7 . 4
FUSE TECHNOLOGY COURSE
LEVEL 2

200
.:. _
 :JOO 
_:_ f,
_ _ .
 13.BKV
10000
. .

,
; . .

 , ..
181CV
._
.,:..; 12
(a)
v
.
 ' 19'! B TN


 ;..._ =  _.  .
Fl
.
 ,  .
 1
s J.llG 10 3IMI
o; lOOOO
"
Y3 " "

s J.9tl 10
0.
v,
x
" " 
. 
, ..
" 20191
(a)
s

J.IMI .o
Ye" De
"
,.. " 20;;' yp..._ i./)' r\) 6 .\,Q "t"Y" [")
.
S (Y.3 .. f XJY,)+ IY3l X 1.Yel !Y,l X IYel
l
(100001 x (191) + (100001 (1911 + (1Nl (191)
1
J.N 1oe
(b)
,,
.lBKV 4.18KV
j
(c)
Fig. 9. MVA reduction. (b)
=  
 : ..:.;
Ss.. solving.::faulta.:F1::;.Fn:Uid.F3.Jrespectively.
.
SYSTEM
IC MlTHOO
k 10CXl KVt2
..;,,
KV
1000. ( 11.8) 2
sYSTEM .
1J.B KV llOllCOO
X 0.151 OOms 1. 11.:11..Jlli!!J
X Q 1] QHM;i
ll.SKV FEEDEll
5000 ICVA 2.
X O.OGli
10CXJ IX .U.) !KV) 2
X
KVAb
TRAHSlOflMEll 1000. 0.0'5!5. 12.412
F
2.4 KV ISOOO
J.. O.OllJ OHMS
1000 IXP.U. IKV)2
x. w
KVAb
MOTOll  1000 0. , (2.111)2
2500
2500 KVA
4. O..Je'! OHMS
x o.1e
(a)
Fig. 11. One line diagram for comparison of methods.
PEA UNIT METHOD
(500000 KVA RASE)
x BASE KVA 111
2) It is not necessary to convert impedances from one P.U.
KVA S.C.
SYSTEM . 500000. 1
voltage to another as required by the Ohmic method. 500000
1. 1.000
3) The conversion formulas as used for both the Ohmic !OHMS) !BASE KVAI
X
P.U.
and the per unit methods are complex and not easy to . H>OO IKV1 2
1J..SKV FEEOEll ( 0.15111500000)
.
memorize. (13.1)2. 1000
2.

4) Both the Ohmic and the per unit methods usually end x IX P.U.I (BASE KVAI
P.U.
up with. small decimals resulting from converting impedances TRANSFORMER
KVA.T
ID.055l 15000100
.
from one voltage to another or from converting impedances J.
5000
5.500
to .the same common base. Therefore, one can make mistakes x IXl'.U) !BASE KVAI
.U.
KVAm
in the decimals, with resulting wrong answers. MOTOR. .
ID. 181 150001
00
2SOO
5) The MVA method utilizes large whole numbers denoting 4.
32.000

MVA quantities. With a little practice, one can estimate the (b) '
mlt by looking at the combination. For example, 10 and 10
MVA METHOD
ill .series become 5; 10 and 100 in series become 9.1; and 10
MVA1 500
and 10 000 in series give 10. A small number combined with
SYSTEM
too large a number, 100 times larger or more, will have no ef
fect on the small number.
!KV) 2 (13.BI 2
In order to further prove the preceding points, it is necessary MVAi  
0.151
X OHMS
to gi ve the following comparison of methods that are utilized
1J..IXV FEEDER
12'!0
2. 
MllA x 1MVAx 2m
1 x1.2 IO.IO'I) I0.0312.4KV ( ) ii
,.
,. ____
0.011 OHMS 2.4KV
12KV
Ml/A X 0Ml/A X OT+ MVAXOM
::1
XJ" 0.00!3 OHMS 2.4KV 191 + 150
CABLE
=
 ;= !!. ::::._::::.
._ ::::':
c
.
::::
...Xf
.
OHMS V .... 
 150
2  2
'1c=    
  IKV) 2 12.41 72.1
llA.i<
xF a.on 15
.
1!50T.fMOTOR ZERO SEOUENCE REACTANCE
x 4 O.:IM OHMS 2.4Kll
X F+M (0.0791 I0.36ill OHMS Fii;. 17. Zero 5equcnce fault power.
(Q.0791 i<LJ&a)
2.41(11
POWER
OHMS .
l3.B (D 03) NEGATIVE
SEQUENCE
POWER
ZERO
SEQUENCE
POWER
PER UNIT METHOD
BASE Ml/A 500
SYSTEM X11.000
Ml/A 1,2 2" ill
x 0.39'5 MVA1,J 114 X 348/114 +348 !!f
2
. O X 16 i1!
MVAf J
1Fo258X 1000/ i/j 12
CABLE X3 5.500
Fig. 18. Phaseground fault Qf MYA circuit.
X
F 1.8911 WITHOUT
Ml/AF, /8.11941 MOTOR
CONTRIBUTION
. TRANSF any zero sequence power flowing from the system and across iI
the transformer. Therefore, Fig. 17 shows the zero sequence ',I
F 2.4Kll
X F M
(15.) (32.000)
power circuit I
+ (15.8911) +(32.0001 15.67
.._.____ OR [
MVAxo T=MVAx1 =MVAn = 198
WITH MOTOR
CONTRIBUTION
i
I
15
MVAxoM==150MVA
Ml/A METHOD 0.1
500
(since the zero sequence reactance of the motor is about t of
its positive sequence reactance). The total zero sequence fault
power then is equal to the sum, which is
MVAx oT +MVAxoM=198 + 150=348.
The phaseground fault power is obtained withthe use of
F ig. 18. Since these are three branches in parallel, the s.hnplest
approach is to take one branch out of the circuit and solve its
15.1 15.1 15.1
MVA value, then multiply. the value by 3, which gives the
final answer
MVA 1+4
MVA1,2=228/2=114
. :...:
 114 x 348 86.
 
 
MVA
\ '3  114 + 348
MVAFo =3 X 86 =258

METHOD METHOD
'
IFO = VJX
258 x 1000
=12 400A.
!
;[
_T 2.4Kll BUS 118MVA ..... &8.2MVA
12 r
WITH MOTOR CONTRIBUTION
I The problem, as shown in Fig. 4(a), is also solved with the per
Fig. 16. Result of comparoon of methods. unit method as Appendix I. This gives further comparison of
PAGE 4.7.7
FUSE TECHNOLOGY COURSE
LEVEL 2
FooHM
SHOAT CIRCUIT 500 MVA VII  tMI
SM'VA + MVA SC 1 :
.:  ...
= IM
8'!1 +4a0
...., 221 MVA
13.8 KV V TlJ.; = 10.22ii 0.772
v Tl3.2 o.m 11
2
13 .2
 .  221 1000 X 0.19 OHM O.!IOll OR l!0.51'
I  10800
Yla12
=
VOLTAGE 13..l KV
V T1:L2 MOTOR TERMINAL
IKVJ2 11212
'4&0 VOLTA.GE 112 KV
.J 4000 HP

.J INDUCTION MOTOR
J.S MVA
STARTING MVA 21 AT 13.8 KV
'1"'21..,. 
X1 + x2 + x0 t JXt 
0.456 +
l.O
0.556 + 0.428 + 0.3
0."91
2.0ll 
(19.3 MVA AT 13.2 KV)
I
lustrates _the preceding problem with an added fault neutral
,.
'v_,
/
"'
'1
.r. :
reactaiice ){1. Note that using both the MVA and the per unit
methods obtain the same result except that the MVA method
lo
c
,: 
==== MVAX
1
f
MVA:e 
1
183.5 1:!
 .
VAFJMVAXa Jalt8
221
!._
V1 =i CVa+a Vb+al Ve)
V2=i CVa+al vb+aVe)
(14)
(15)
IF lo=j(Ia+Ib+le) (16)
Fig. 22. Twophase to ground fault by MVA met. hod. (17)
11 =j (Ia+alb+al le)
12=i (Ia+a2 h+ale) (18)
PAGE 4 . 7 .8
FUSE TECHNOLOGY COURSE
LEVEL 2
120 ...
115 <';
110
1
100 P....,.,,....1
 :::::; 
  . . ___ ...:..... . ""
:: . .
. .  aD
o,. .
.,.., ,,o.,
..,
.::::=T . .'...:....
1 2 l 4 5 I 7 I 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 11
10 20 30 40 50 IQ 70 aD
(a)
y
(SMVA, 1.114 1 :OLVE FOi'! X ft'ITH C
y (SMVAJ
y MX y 1.04
I.IV".
UM .___.____"lx MVA,. y (SMVAJ MVA,.

y
M iv.t.,.,. 0
1
SllVA
yjMVA,.) 1.04[MVA,. y(SMVAI ]
EQUATION FOR LINE "A". y UW MVA,,jMVA,.+ SMVA
Y2Y1
I1
. , 2 . ,
SMVA STARTING MVA
y 0 1.04 0
MVA
MVA,. MVA,.
 MVA,. SHORT CIRCUIT
x O
.
V1 YSTARTING VOLTAGE
. y 1.114
OR
MVA,.X
1.GI 71
MV"..
71 + 21
 0.801
80.51' Al'rf!OX.
(b)
II
Fig. 24. (a) Voltage drop by graphic solution. (b) Graphic solution proven by analytic geometry.
I
Ii= (22)
Ii .ttI2=O
 Io+ (19) x (X2)(Xo )

1+
(X:z)+(Xo )
::__: ro _=Vi '.".. Vi_..=.=__: (20)
.
___ ___
''
  

]
net (23)
1orlcs are connected as follows:
!F5f,,__tf "
and the MYA method 1



== 
 
Fig. 21 shows the use of (22) and for solving the two
  
Io+ Ii + I 2= 0
ph.a.se to ground fault of the same problem, the per unit
Ii+I1=Io . method. Fig. 22 indicates the utilization of (24) and (25) for
solving the twopha:se to ground fault of the same problem,
erefore
the MVA method. It is obvious as shown, that the use of the
(21) MVA method is simpler.
FUSE TECHNOLOGY COURSE PAGE 4 . 7 . 9
LEVEL 2
120 1+
115         
110 1+
l\OTDft STARTING VOLTA!;E OkOI'
BO
1. St o,,.r.tor 1'A1on ]H'\VA of short circuit scll and'""'"' it
10 lu Mirllne falh on 10Lt"L on the 'l wolU!Je scale.
;rl!
5. If It Is d a
slr d to find t surtln9 voltag cn be obtained
with Inc.rosing bus voltagcs to I07X .and 109X. (corrnpondll't9
to 2}l and Sl hp uttln91 abov. no,....I trantfor.r volt.ag).
.2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
MVAMETHOD FOR INSTANTANEOUS VOLTAGE EsTATE Fig. 24(a) shows a graphic solution of the problem. Figure
Large motors are frequently connected to power systems 24(b) illustrates the validity of the graphic solution by analytic
:_.consisting of complicatednetworks of lines and cables for geometry. Fig. 25 shows a slide rule made for the sole
. which a calculation of the voltage drop would be diffict. purpose of solving instantaneous voltage drop in starting large
Yet, it may be critical to know approximately what the motors. The instruction for the use of the slide rule as shown
__ voltag.at certain bus must be. . Titis is because the voltage is selfexplanatory.
affects the motor torque in a square function; i.e., motor Fig. 26 is a compilation of standard industrial nominal
:torque varies as the_square _of the voltage for a 10percent voltages and motor terminal voltages. Note that the unique
=OltBge drop== =. :
.   
relationship between the nominal and terminal voltages is
4 percent different. 1hls unique relationship aids the slide
torque er (E) 2 rule operation in solving instantaneous voltage drop during

 _T= (0.9]2 =.81 or 81 prcent. motor starting.
/lJ8 . U0/"60. 2400/2300. 41!!0/<4000. 12000/ 11600 The paper described a unique easy to learn and easy to
13800/ 1320022'00/22000 . 104%
remember method for solving industrial power distribution
.
2  2 112 TAPS ABOVE WILL GIVE A/B U2 other conventional Ohmic and per unit methods. The writer
has been using it for the past twenty years for many projects,
ig. 26: transformer
       
APPENDIX I
{
l
00 through 999 for command sequence. For example, line
The following problem is taken from the California ate f
tt. "'6 iI
00 data I, 4, 5 instructs the computer to combine items 4
P.E. Registration Examination of August, 1965. The problem
1d 5 in series; the first number, 1, is for a series operation.
t line 400 data, there is a 2, 8, and 9, which instructs the
will be solved with the per unit method.
J
.
mputer to combine items 8 and 9 in parallel; the first UTILITY 5Y'STH

11mber, 2, ifor a parallel operation. A 3, 3, 4, 6 command
lStructs the computer to convert a delta to wye operation of G_Lr;
:......; =2
.... "'__3
6 "'_,_.,v
x i.&1 a""'
. '8 l
j r"\
l
..,,4,and6. ISOOHVA
Fo11ult

<J Q  .
; to Appendix ll. The fault 1 result is 533.4 MVA, 15HVA .,..
ISHVA };
69/ I2KV I 2KV
hich is close to the manual solution result of 533 MVA. .0 075 .d ... 0.200
.
ate the computer asked for a kilovolt input. The user A. Solve for )phu.e fult
x.do11 0.100
tiol.f_, As sho'!VJl,
__ fault 1 requires an interrupting calculation K Vbua
69 .11nd 12 respectively
2 2
td the. computer gave a series of output selections to meet xb ue69 . (KV) 1000. (69) 1000. Jl.8 Ohms
KVA 150000
b s
NSI Standard latest requiremet of multipliers. The com x 2
(12) x 1000 Q,96 Ot.m.
bu 12
150000
1ter solution sequence is exactly as shown on Fig. IO(a) for
I 50000 1250 A
ult I, manual solution.
For fault 2, line 410 data are replaced with new commands I50000 72)0 A
VTXT2
$.own::.Notk ihat...thtu;f;g_u
_ e_nJ,:ej..Qllows _the MVA diagram, 1.0 x ,ggg O.IOOp.u .
Xutlllty p.u. :bu
rtd
ain asked for a kilovolt input and a 4.16 was given. Xrted Ohms J.87 0.121 p.u .
x1 J .,,. p.u
JCT
. x
Thenextquestion again wasfor!fiteirupting duty o r bue
omentary duty. The answer was momentary so the com xmotor di".
0.200 x 17gg. 2.00 p.u.
a. 971
ris alowvoltagesystei:n,. the computer automatically
xb 0.200
inte _9!1t_fiv_ansvii:_r_J_o suit the user's choice. The multi
0.971 x 2 0.655
_
x
Jl[ADY
'TM'(
.11AOY
200 o.tiTA JOO, 200, 10000, 10000, 200, 10000
210 D.f.TA 200, 5. 10, 24, 15, 4
"""
INPUT kV 713.B
IHTEIUWPTINC. DUTY
E 1.0 X/R MTlt 025 26 ..... 416<1 IVEk 60
Xlk ltJLTIPLIEk 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3
HVA AT FAULT 5Jl.4 586.8 640.1 693 ...
I SYl'V1ETllltAL 22316.J 2"54 7.9 26779.6 29011.2
READY
,.,TAPE
READY
410 DATA 11 II, 12, 2, 81 ti, I, 1, 6, 1, 2. 4, 2, I. 2, 1, I. JI 2, 1. I
::l\UH
 
_. ===== IS THIS THE FIRST f'AULT Tl B( kUN7 .TYES, O .....
_ ?O
=!. . 1 ..:....!.2=.1.a  r.
. 
_
__
INPUT Tiii L E
I H ""S \IHEkE PklHTIUT STAkTS
x2 == 
__
.. ::"7
xi
f...::...:  xo + 3x" + jxrau1 t
?12.5
______.
__

Z:: HO
__
MYA
.. :
NfDE
:  . . _ 12 4.o
='==....:..;..':::.:...
'.1 '2  I0 0.655 0.655 + o.428
I
A a A AND B ""DES
I 0.575
r:m DELTA 10000.0 196.1 19".I
20196.I
J
\/YE . J96.D 20196.1
fault p.u. (+l.2+1 J"(0.575) 6 Sk1ES 15,0 i..o J.2 11 12
7 PAMLLL . ]9.0 J.2 42.2 8 11
1.n B SEklES J00.0 20196.1 295,6 '
1 hult I fault p.u. lb.es 12 KV
9 SEklES 200.0
295.6
20196.I
198 .0
198.0
49J.6
4
x 10 PAMLLEL
11 SEklES 49].6 )96.o
1._n x nJo 12,4ilo A
12 PAAALLEL 219. 7 42.2
.
INl'll T KV 74.16
=
 
. .
""1HTMY DUTY
X/lt !ltATll 010 IVE 10
X/ft MULTIPLIER 1.5 1.6
, :.:.. l'WA AT FAULT 392.8 419.0
1 SY"'1t'.TIUCAl 54520.2 5815<..9 e.
FUSE TECHNOLOGY COURSE PAGE 4 . 7 . 1 2
LEVEL 2
APPEN D I X III
A READ Y MADE GRAPH FO R Q U I C K ESTIMATE O F
INSTANTANEOUS VO LTAGE I N STARTING L A RG E MOTORS
'P11M
.
  I I I
r S T H I THE F I J\ r  rAULT Td B E f\U? l Y E S , o.;H 
.
?O .   
I NPUT rw1 . u H E NQS \IHCRE P l't l NTillIT STAATS . .. I
'? 1 2 , 6
. .. I
litt o E Hfl l"\VA .:.  : .:::    ...
:: .o =:
1 2 .: _ = _ ... . ;
  . : I
"
I
.. 
a ..
H
.... I
?i
_
I
,.
A A AHO HIDES
 20 1 96 . 1
6
7
SrA I ES
S E R I ES
 .  JDD . D
200 . 0 "2D 1 9 6 . I
295 . 6
19B.D
6
4
"'
"'
C PARALLEL .. 295 . 6 1 96 , D 493.6 2 ... I
493 . 6 396.D 219.7 3
9 SER I ES ...  r
ID PARALLEL 219. 7 39.D 258 . ) B "'
_ 1 5 ,D
c::i
U .s..E R I E.5..     25B . 7
'2" PARALLEL   .  _ . 14,2 .. .
=.. . 4 . D
1.2
@:IJ
11
12
0
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::;:::::=::;:: ::::::':_ )..: :.. Moon H. Yuen (M' 54SM'66) received the B .S .E.E. degree in 1 94 8 fro m Heald Engineering Col
:._::::i lege, San Francisco, Calif., and the B M C from the University of California Extension, Berkeley,
in 1 9 70.
Currently, he is the Head of the Electrical Group o f Scientific Development Facilities Engi
;ii:Pte:::neering, Bechtel Corporation, San Francisco, Calif. Since 1 96 5, he has also been the O rganizer
Ii and Teacher of electrical engineering and design courses at for the University of California Ex '
="/!;.;.=,:.: ;.:: Jtm}
eri on and ..Bechtel Manpower Develo pment Programs , and is the author of 12 technical papers
=
.
4
,
.,, ;i;1
.. and various class texts on these subjects. In 1 9 7 3 , h e was granted a U.S. Patent in "Solid State
r.1! Control Low Voltage Heating of M o tors."
. Mr. Yuen is a Registered Professional Engineer in the States of California, Louisiana, Michl
gan, New York, South Carolina, Oregon , Hawaii ; Illiilo is, Florida , Te xas , Washingt o n , and Wash
mgton, D.C. He is a member o f the National Council of Engineering Examiners. He is also
registered in the Province of Alberta, Canada, and a member of the Instrument Society o f
America.