You are on page 1of 11

USERS GUIDE

CONTENTS
1 Introduction 2
2 Product Range : Hot Rolled Products 4
Carbon Steel : Standard Product Tolerance 4
Carbon Steel : Chemical Composition 5
Carbon Steel : Mechanical Properties 6
HR Stainless Steels : Standard Product Tolerance 7
3 Stainless Steels 8
Product Range : CR Stainless Steels 9
Surface Finishes : Stainless Steels 10
Dimensional Tolerances : CR Stainless Steels 11
Stainless Steels : Chemical Composition 13
Stainless Steels : Mechanical Properties 14
Stainless Steels : Physical Properties 14
Stainless Steels : Equivalent Specification 15
Stainless Steels : Theoretical Mass 16
4 Gauge Conversion Table 17
5 Hardness Conversion 19
6 Unit Coil Weight Diagram 20
7 Applications : Hot Rolled Carbon Steels 21
8 Applications : Stainless Steels 22
9 SS Surface Finishes & Applications 26
10 Stainless Steel : Fabrication Guidelines 30
11 Blanking Line : 40
12 Value Added Products : 41
13 Process Flow : Hot Rolling Mill 43
: Cold Rolling Mill 44
14 Ordering Information 45
Our technical advisory service is always freely available.
For further details, please contact our Marketing Head Quarters at Salem
Tel: 0427-2382236 / 2383836, Fax: 238 3249 / 2383063
The information in this booklet is for guidance only.
Specifications are subject to change.

1
Introduction

Salem Steel Plant, a special steels unit of Steel Authority of India Ltd.,
pioneered the supply of wider width stainless steel sheets / coils in India.
The plant can produce Austenitic, ferritic, Martensitic and Low-nickel
stainless steel in the form of coils and sheets with an installed capacity of
70,000 tonnes / year of cold rolled stainless steel and 1,86,000 / year
tonnes of hot rolled stainless steel / carbon steel flat products. In addition,
the countrys first top-of-the-line stainless steel Blanking facility with a
capacity of 3600 t / year of coin blanks and utility blanks / circles adds to
the credit of the plant.

The products of Salem Steel plant are popularly called as 'SALEM


STAINLESS and well received in both national and international
markets for its renowned quality standards. The plant is certified with
ISO 9001:2000 for its Quality Management System, ISO14001:2004 for
its Environmental Management System and OHSAS 18001:1999 for
Occupational Health and Safety system.

The plant is facilitated with hot rolling mill which can roll both stainless
& carbon steels and the mill caters mainly to the input needs of stainless
steel coils for the cold rolling mills. Special grades of carbon steels other
than Structural steels are also rolled from the facility includes Weathering
steels, High strength low alloy steels etc., which are extensively used in
industrial sectors.

Hot rolling mill complex is equipped with walking beam re-heating


furnace, primary descaler, 4-hi reversing roughing mill, 4-high reversing
steckel mill, down coiler, laminar cooling and roll grinding machines,
procured from world renowned suppliers. The steckel mill, the mother
unit of hot rolling with level - 2 automation is provided with hydraulic
gauge setting and automatic gauge control. The continuously variable
crown(CVC) controls the profile and flatness by roll shifting and Work
roll bending system provide additional fine control of flatness of the strip.

2
Cold rolling mill complex is equipped with the most modern stainless
steel production lines, sourced from leading manufacturers of the world.
Coil build up line, Bell anneal furnaces Continuous annealing and
pickling lines, Sendzimer Mills, Skinpass Mill, Strip grinding line,
Slitting and shearing lines to produce coils /sheets with precise
dimensional tolerance and flatness with superior metallurgical
characteristics.

Ferritic and Martensitic stainless steel are annealed/softened at bell


annealing furnaces and austenitic stainless steel is annealed/softened and
descaled in continuous annealing & pickling lines using Ruthner neutral
electrolytic pickling process and mixed acid pickling for superior surface
finish. The coils are rolled in 20-High computerized sendzimer mills to
required dimensional tolerances. A 2-high skin pass mill with elongation
control and constant hydraulic roll force system ensures a product of
bright finish and high flatness. A shearing line with precision roller
levelers, electronic flying shear and vacuum piler facilitates defect-free
piling of the leveled cut sheets. Coils of narrow width and smaller weight
are produced by a precision slitting line equipped with latest features like
in feed car, grip feed device, tension pad and interchangeable slitters.

The shearing and slitting lines have online continuous marking system to
make the products customer-friendly. Salem Steel Plants cold rolling
mill complex also includes a resquaring shear, a recoiling line, a packing
line for slit products and wider coils.

In addition to the common No1, 2D and 2B finishes, a wide range of


finishes including No.3, No.4, No.8 (mirror)and special finishes like
Moon Rock, Chequered, Honeykom, Macromatt, Aqualine, Frondz,
Mystique, Linen, Fabrique finishes are also produced as per
requirement.

3
PRODUCT RANGE : Hot Rolled Products

The hot rolled products include austenitic ,ferritic and low nickel grades
of stainless steels and carbon steels of drawing quality, structural quality,
high strength-low alloy steels and weathering steels.

Type of Product : Hot rolled Coil *

Carbon Steel Stainless Steel


Thickness 1.6 - 12.70 mm 2.0 - 8.0 mm
Width 1000 - 1275 mm 1000 - 1275 mm
Coil ID 762/610 mm 762/610 mm
Condition As rolled As rolled
Edge Mill Edge Mill Edge

*Cut to size/plate and higher thickness available by mutual discussion.

Carbon Steel : Standard product tolerance

Width Tolerance +30 mm, -0 mm (For all width ranges)


Thickness Tolerances * (mm)
Width (mm) Thickness Range (mm)
1.6 -2.0 >2.0-3.0 >3.0-5.0 >5.0-8.0 >8.0-10.00 >10.0-12.7
1000-1250 0.18 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.50
>1250-1275 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.50

*Thickness measurements are taken at 20 mm from the edge.

4
Carbon Steels: Chemical Composition

Grades % Chemical Composition Deoxidation


C Mn Si S P Al Cr Ni Cu Nb V Ti N
0.15 0.6 0.055 0.055 Semi Killed /
IS 1079 Gr O - - - - - - - - -
max max max max Killed
0.12 0.5 0.04 0.04 Semi Killed /
IS 1079 Gr D - - - - - - - - -
max max max max Killed
0.1 0.4 0.035 0.035 0.02
IS 1079 Gr DD - - - - - - - - Al Killed
max max max max min
0.08 0.4 0.03 0.03 0.02
IS 1079 Gr EDD - - - - - - - - Al Killed
max max max max min
0.23 1.5 0.40 0.045 0.045 Semi Killed /
IS 2062 E250 A - - - - - - - -
max max max max max Killed
0.22 1.5 0.40 0.045 0.045
IS 2062 E250 B - - - - - - - - Killed
max max max max max
0.2 1.5 0.40 0.04 0.04
IS 2062 E250 C - - - - - - - - Killed
max max max max max
IS 2062 E250Cu 0.2 1.5 0.40 0.04 0.04 0.2-
- - - - - - - Killed
C max max max max max 0.35
0.20 1.6 0.45 0.045 0.045
IS 2062 E410 - - - - - - - - Killed
max max max max max
0.22 1.6 0.45 0.045 0.045
IS 2062 E450 D - - - - - - - - Killed
max max max max max
0.22 1.80 0.45 0.045 0.045
IS 2062 E450 E - - - - - - - - Killed
max max max max max
0.20 1.20 0.040 0.040
IS 5986 Fe410 - - - - - - - - - Killed
max max max max
0.10 0.50 0.040 0.040
IS 10748 Gr 1 - - - - - - - - - killed
max max max max
IRS M 41-97/ 0.1 0.25- 0.28- 0.03 0.075- 0.08 0.35- 0.20- 0.3-
- - - - Killed
SAILCOR max 0.45 0.72 max 0.14 max 0.60 0.47 0.6
0.1 0.7 0.2 0.03 0.03 0.02- 0.055 0.095 0.045
SS 4012A-E34 - - - - Al Killed
max max max max max 0.05 max max max
0.1 1.0 0.4 0.03 0.03 0.02- 0.055 0.095 0.045
SS 4012A-E38 - - - - Al Killed
max max max max max 0.05 max max max
SAILMA 0.01
0.25 1.50 0.40 0.055 0.055 - - - - - - - Killed
350/350 Hi min
SAILMA 0.01
0.25 1.50 0.40 0.055 0.055 - - - - - - - Killed
410/410Hi min
SAILMA 0.01
0.25 1.50 0.40 0.055 0.055 - - - - - - - Killed
450/450 Hi min

Micro Alloying elements like Nb, V, Ti may be present simply or in combination, the
limits are given below:

Grade Nb, V, Ti (max)


IS 2062 E250 A, B, C, Cu C
IS 2062 E410 0.25%
IS 2062 E450 D, IS 2062 E 450 E
SAILMA350 0.20 %
SAILMA 350 Hi
SAILMA410 0.20 %
SAILMA 410 Hi
SAILMA450 0.20 %
SAILMA 450 Hi

Incidental element limit in grade IRSM-41/97/SAILCOR is as follows

5
Element Limit
Mo 0.05 max
V 0.05 max
Al 0.08 max
Nb 0.04 max
Mo + V + Al + Nb 0.15 max

Maximum carbon equivalent for grades is as follows:

Grade Carbon Equivalent (max)


IS 2062 E250 A 0.42
IS 2062 E250 B 0.41
IS 2062 E250 C 0.39
IS 2062 E410 0.44
IS 2062 E450 D 0.46
IS 2062 E450 E 0.48
IS 5986 Fe410 0.42

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF STANDARD GRADES

Hard
YS UTS % El (Min) Bend Test Charpy V-Notch Impact
Grades RB
N/mm2 N/mm2 GL= 5.65So (t) Energy (min)
IS 1079 Gr O - - - 2t - -
IS 1079 Gr D - 240- 400 25 1t - -
IS 1079 Gr DD - 260-390 28 Close - -
IS 1079 Gr EDD - 260-380 32 Close - -
IS 2062 E250 A 250 min 410 min 23 3t - -
IS 2062 E250 B 250 min 410 min 23 2t - 27 J at Room temp See Note

IS 2062 E250 C 250 min 410 min 23 2t - 27 J at Room temp See Note
IS2062E250Cu C 250 min 410 min 23 2t - 27 J at Room temp See Note
IS 2062 E410 410 min 540 min 23 2t - 50 J at Room temp See Note
IS 2062 E450 D 450 min 570 min 20 2t - 45 J at Room temp See Note
IS 2062 E450 E 450 min 590 min 20 2t - 45 J at Room temp See Note
IS 5986 Fe410 255 min 410-520 24 for t >3/0 mm * 2t - -
IS 10748 Grade I 170 min 290 min 30 T - -
Close - -
SS 4012A E-34 334-412 392-490 27 (For t<7.0 mm)
0.5 t(For t=7.0)
SS4012A E-38 373-461 442-559 25 0.5 t - -
IRS M 41-97/ 340 min 480 min 22 1t - -
SAILCOR
t : Nominal thickness of test piece, * : Elongation 15 min N in 80 mm GL for t 3.0 mm
Note: For grade IS 2062 E250 B,IS 2062 E250 C,E410,E450 D,E450 E Impact Test shall be certified
for product thickness of 12 mm or more. The testing temperature will be room temperature unless
otherwise specified in the order.
Standard Product Tolerance: Hot Rolled Stainless Steel

6
Thickness Tolerance
(For all width ranges)

Thickness (mm) Tolerance (mm)

2.00 0.18

2.25 0.20

2.50 0.23

3.00 0.25

3.50 0.30

4.00 0.36

5.00 - 0.25, + 0.47

6.00 - 0.25, + 0.51

8.00 & above - 0.25, + 0.75

For specified thickness other than those shown, the tolerance for the next
higher thickness shall apply.

Thickness measurements are taken at least 15 mm from the edge for


Trimmed Edge (TE) and 25 mm from the edge for Mill Edge (ME)
products.

7
Stainless Steels

Stainless Steel is a group of heat and corrosion resisting steels. They


have in general a higher resistance to corrosion in some definite
environment, as well as a higher resistance to scaling at high temperature.

Stainless Steel are iron-based alloys containing a minimum of 10.5%


Chromium with or without other alloying elements. Based on the alloy
content and the micro structure, stainless steels are classified into three
major categories viz, Austenitic, Ferritic, and Martensitic.

Austenitic

This category of stainless steel contains 16 to 26% Chromium and 6


to22% Nickel. They are non- magnetic in annealed condition and have
excellent corrosion resistance. They are not hardenable by heat
treatment. However, they can develop high strength on cold working.
They have excellent weldability, formability, hygiene factor and
cryogenic properties. . On cold working they exhibit different degrees of
magnetism. They are identified in the AISI 300 series

Ferritic

This category of stainless steel contains 10.5 to 30% chromium without


any Nickel. They are Ferro magnetic in nature and generally not
hardenable by heat treatment. These steels possess good resistance to
stress corrosion cracking and moderate weldability &formability. They
are identified in the AISI 400 series.

Martensitic

This group contains 11 to 14% chromium without any nickel, but with a
higher carbon content compared to the Austenitic and ferritic stainless
steels. They are ferro-magnetic in nature and are hardenable by heat
treatment. They possess moderate corrosion resistance and are identified
in the AISI 400 series.

8
PRODUCT RANGE : Cold Rolled Stainless Steels

Salem Steel Plant produces a wide range of cold rolled coils and cut
lengths (sheets) in austenitic, ferritic and martensitic grades of stainless
steel conforming to ASTM and various other specifications in a variety of
sizes and finishes.

Product Specifications

Coil Sizes (mm)


Dimension Range (mm) Standard sizes (mm)
Thickness 0.3 to 6.00 0.30, 0.40, 0.50, 0.55, 0.63, 0.70,
0.80,0.90,1.00,1.25,1.50,1.60,
2.00,2.50,2.80, 3.00, 3.15, 3.60,
4.00,5.00 6.00
Width (mm) 50 to 1250 1000, 1250
Inner Diameter 406, 508 or 610
Sheet / Plate
Dimension Range (mm) Standard sizes (mm)
Thickness 0.5 to 6.00 0.50, 0.55, 0.63, 0.70, 0.80,
0.90, 1.00, 1.25, 1.50, 1.60
2.00, 2.50, 2.80, 3.00, 3.15
3.60, 4.00, 5.00, 6.00
Width (mm) 600 to 1250, 1000, 1250
Length (mm) 500 to 4000 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000, 3500,
4000

- Supply of 0.1 and 0.2 mm thickness by mutual discussion.

- Supply of Non-standard and higher thickness by mutual discussion.

- Hot rolled, annealed, shot blasted and pickled stainless steel (No.1
finish) coils sheets/ plates are available in thicknesses of 2.00- 8.00
mm.

9
Surface Finishes - Stainless Steels
Finish Description Remarks
No:1 Hot rolled, annealed, shot blasted and Used where surface finish is not a critical
pickled
CR Work hardened used where higher hardness & strength is
required
2D Cold rolled, annealed and pickled Uniform dull finish for
applications
2B Cold rolled, annealed, pickled & Bright smooth finish for general applications
skinpassed
No.3. Cold rolled, annealed, pickled & For decorative applications
polished with 100 to 120 grit abrasive
No.4. Cold rolled, annealed, pickled & For decorative applications
polished with 120 to 150 grit abrasive
No.8. Cold rolled, annealed, pickled, skin passed As press plates, electronic equipment frames
& polished and decorative applications
Special Cold rolled with special rolls, annealed, For decorative applications.
Finishes pickled and skin passed.
Dull Finish Cold rolled, annealed and skin passed with For decorative applications.
24 grit abrasive.
Coils and sheets can be supplied with surface protection film. Please contact for more information.

10
Dimensional Tolerances (Unit : mm)
Tolerances on Thickness - (Unit : mm)

Normal Tolerance Precision Tolerance Thickness Tolerance


(Code N) CRSS (Code P) for No.1
Permitted Tol. on Thickness range Permitted Tol. on Thickness Permitted Tol. ()
Thickness Range thick (Total)
Thick for specified width on thick
1000 >1000 to 1275 0.30 0.040 2.00 0.18
0.30 0.030 - > 0.30 to 0.50 0.060 2.25 0.20
>0.30 to 0.40 0.040 0.04 > 0.50 to 0.80 0.080 2.50 0.23
>0.40 to 0.50 0.045 0.050 > 0.80 to 1.00 0.090 3.00 0.25
>0.50 to 0.80 0.050 0.050 > 1.00 to 1.50 0.100 3.50 0.30
>0.80 to 1.00 0.055 0.060 > 1.50 to 2.00 0.120 5.00 -0.25, + 0.47
>1.00 to 1.50 0.080 0.080 > 2.00 to 2.50 0.160 6.00 -0.25, + 0.51
>1.50 to 2.00 0.10 0.10 > 2.50 to 3.00 0.200 8.00 -0.25, + 0.75
>2.00 to 2.5 0.10 0.11 > 3.00 to 4.00 0.240
>2.50 to 3.00 0.13 0.13 Close Tolerance (Code C)
>3.00 to 4.00 0.17 0.17 Any thickness closer than precision tolerance agreed by mutual discussion
>4.00 to 5.00 0.17 0.17
>5.00 to 6.00 0.17 0.20 Normal Tol. for ME - 1000 : -0,+30 / <1000 : -0,+25

Tolerances on Width - (Unit : mm)

11