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DASAR-DASAR SAINS

Prof. Dr.agr. Mohamad Amin, S.Pd., M.Si


Email: mohamad.amin.fmipa@um.ac.id
Jurusan Biologi
Fakultas MIPA
Universitas Negeri Malang
SUMBER ILMU

AYAT-AYAT
DOGMATIS
KAULIYAH
AYAT-AYAT
OBSERVASI TUGAS ILMUAN
KAUNIYAH
POKOK
BAHASAN
Pustaka Pendukung

Amin, M. 2017. Handsout Dasar-dasar Sains. FMIPA


Universitas Negeri Malang
Amin, M. 2015. Biologi sebagai Sumber Belajar untuk
Generasi Masa Kini dan Mendatang yang Berintegritas
dan Berperadapan Tinggi. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru
Besar. Kemristekdikti. Universitas Negeri Malang.
Amin, M. 2016. PESATNYA PERKEMBANGAN BIOLOGI
DAN TANTANGAN PEMBELAJARANNYA PADA ABAD 21.
Makalah Utama Seminar Nasional Saintek dan
Pembelajarannya di Universitas Muhammadiyah
Surakarta
Wonoraharjo, S. 2010. Dasar-Dasar Sains. Menciptakan
Masyarakat Sadar Sains. Jakarta: Indeks.

Pelengkap:
Berbagai artikel yang berkaitan dengan isu yang
disampaikan
Berbagai Sumber mengenai Dasar-dasar sains yang diunduh
dari Internet maupun sumber cetak.
Bagian 1

: Introduction and
ECOSYSTEM STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS
36.8 Energy flow and chemical cycling are the two
fundamental processes in ecosystems
A community interacts with abiotic factors,
forming an ecosystem
Energy flows from the sun, through plants,
animals, and decomposers, and is lost as heat
Chemicals are recycled between air, water, soil,
and organisms
A terrarium ecosystem

Chemical cycling
(C, N, etc.)

Chemical Heat
Light
energy energy
energy

Figure 36.8
Trophic structure is a key factor in
ecosystem dynamics
A food chain is the stepwise flow of energy and
nutrients
from plants (producers)
to herbivores (primary consumers)
to carnivores (secondary and higher-level
consumers)
TROPHIC LEVEL

Quaternary
consumers

Carnivore Carnivore

Tertiary
consumers

Carnivore Carnivore

Secondary
consumers

Carnivore Carnivore

Primary
consumers

Herbivore Zooplankton

Producers

Plant Phytoplankton
Figure 36.9A
A TERRESTRIAL FOOD CHAIN AN AQUATIC FOOD CHAIN
Decomposition is the breakdown of organic
compounds into inorganic compounds
Decomposition is essential for the continuation
of life on Earth
Detritivores
decompose waste
matter and recycle
nutrients
Examples: animal
scavengers, fungi,
and prokaryotes Figure 36.9B
Food chains interconnect, forming food
webs
A food web is a network of interconnecting
food chains
It is a more realistic view of the trophic structure of
an ecosystem than a food chain
Tertiary Wastes and
and dead organisms
secondary
consumers

Secondary
and
primary
consumers

Primary
consumers

Producers
Detritivores
(Plants, algae,
phytoplankton) (Prokaryotes, fungi,
certain animals)
Figure 36.10
Bagian 2