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In 1951, Kazan Helicopter Plant started

a serial production of Mi-1 helicopter


developed by Mil design bureau, thus
becoming the first Soviet plant specialized
in manufacturing rotorcraft. In 1953, the
plant began producing Mi-4, and in 1965
Mi-8 helicopters. At present, Kazan
Helicopters JSC in cooperation with Mil
design bureau is concerned with further
modernization of the Mi-8 (Mi-17).
Within the framework of Euromil
concern, Kazan Helicopters JSC in
cooperation with Mil Moscow Helicopter
Plant is developing Mi-38 helicopter with
a load-carrying capacity of 6-8 tons. The
first prototype intended for flight tests was
produced at the end of 2003. In the near
future, it is planned to complete the first
prototype of Aktay superlight helicopter
with a take-off weight of 1,100 kg.

In 1993, the company started creating


a light helicopter to meet demand for
these rotorcraft in Russia. For this
purpose, a special design bureau was
founded.
The new helicopter was called Ansat,
which means easy to start in the Tatar
language.It was to meet the most up-to-
date technical requirements. From the
very beginning, publicity was given to all
stages of the design work.
DEVELOPMENT HISTORY
In 1994, technical directions were
developed for a multipurpose twin-engine
helicopter with a take-off weight of 3.3
tons and a load-carrying capacity up to
1,300 kg, meeting the AP airworthiness
requirements (category A) harmonized
with the FAR-29 standards.
In 1997, a mock-up commission
supervised by AR IAC approved Ansat
The first prototype ground tests technical decisions and gave
recommendations to optimize the design
work. In the same year, a full-size mock-
up of the helicopter was demonstrated
at Le Bourget.
The problem of the choice of the
engine was the most difficult one. At
first, it was decided to use a domestic
engine, but later, it was found out that
there was no Russian engine, certified
according to international standards, fit
for that type of helicopters. Therefore,
The second prototype assembling the company chose a well-reputed
Pratt&Whitney PW-206C engine.

The third prototype assembling


In 1998, the first prototype for ground
tests was made. It was used to test the
helicopters rotor system, control
system, power plant, transmission and
other main systems. On the basis of the
test results, Ansat second prototype for
flight tests was created. On August 17,
1999, Ansat prototype made its first 12-
minute flight at Kazan Helicopters JSCs
flight test station.
The flight tests of the Ansat enabled
its designers to develop the helicopter
structure according to specification
requirements. In autumn, 2001
development tests were completed, in the
course of which estimated performance
characteristics were obtained. The
helicopter external sight (the fuselage and
the vertical tail) underwent some changes.
A more powerful PW-207K engine and a
new tail rotor were installed. Some
transmission components were modified.
This intensive designing and testing work

resulted in the third prototype, which


made its first flight on December 27, 2001.
During the plant flight tests, the third
prototype also was modified. Its main
fuel tanks were placed in the floor of
the cargo cabin; the landing gear
structure was changed (the rear spring
was placed inside the fuselage, and the
front spring was protected with a
cowling).
On October 31, 2002, plant certification
tests were started. Their aim was to
estimate the helicopters balancing
Fullsize mockup
characteristics, longitudinal static stability,
thrust characteristics in hovering mode with
ground effect, maximal flight heights and
rate of climb for various heights, as well
as autorotation mode characteristics.
According to the certification test program,
from October 2002 to June 2004, the
prototype No. 3 made over 300 flights, The first prototype
which lasted for more than 200 hours.
In parallel with the creation of the basic
variant, some new modifications were also
being developed. Thus, Ansat-2
monitoring modification was
demonstrated at MAKS-2001, and at
MAKS-2003, Ansat-3 modification of an
extended load-carrying capacity was The second prototype
shown.
On order of Russias Ministry of
Defense, Kazan Helicopters JSC is
working at Ansat-U training modification.
On April 1, 2004, the first prototype of
this modification was carried to the flight
test station. In 2004, it is planned to The third prototype
complete the assembly of the fifth
prototype to be produced serially.

The fourth prototype

Fullsize mockup Ansat3


TRANSPORT/PASSENGER
A transport/passenger modification of the
Ansat is intended for a wide range of tasks:
transportation of cargoes and passengers
to remote and hard-to-reach regions;
flying taxi;
transportation of workers to drilling rigs;
a means of corporative transport.
The passenger modification is intended
for transporting up to 10 passengers. In its
transport variant, the helicopter is able to
carry 1,000 kg of cargo inside the cabin,
and 1,200 kg at the external sling. The Ansat
posesses the most capacious cabin (6.7 m3)
in this class of helicopters. According to
modern safety requirements, all passenger
seats are placed in the flight direction.

The passenger compartment mockup

The cargo compartment mockup


VIP
The VIP-modification can be used for
the transportation of VIP-passengers, as
well as for business trips and recreation.
Unlike the main version, this variant is
very comfortable and has an improved
noise and vibration isolation.
Kazan Helicopters JSC offers a
passenger cabin with comfortable and safe
armchairs to transport two VIP-passengers
and two attending persons. In this cabin,
audio and video equipment, an air
conditioner, a mini-bar and a biolavatory
can also be installed. The VIP-version of
the Ansat is created on the basis of a rich
experience gained during the development
of VIP-modifications of the Mi-17.
On customer request the helicopter can
be equipped with emergency floatation
system.

VIPsalon mockup
MEDICAL
Ansat ambulance version is intended for
the urgent delivery of medical teams to
sites of accidents in case of emergency to
give first aid to casualties.
Kazan Helicopters JSC in close
cooperation with Chief Military Medical
Department of RF Defense Ministry,
Ministry of Health and Emercom of Russia
have developed the Ansat medical
equipment set, as well as first aid methods.
Kazan Helicopters JSC offers a medical
helicopter fitted with a complete medical
equipment set, similar to that of ambulance
cars, and adapted to operation in Russian
conditions. The basic variant of the medical
helicopter can be equipped with 2
stretchers and 1 seat for the transportation
of casualties, as well as with 2 seats for
medical personnel.

Cargo hatch Medevac


version mockup
SAR
The SAR modification of the Ansat is
meant for the urgent delivery of special
service agents and equipment to sites of
accidents to render the first aid, to
evacuate casualties, to deliver medicines,
as well as to transport Emercom special
teams.
The helicopter can be equipped with
two stretchers for casualties and two seats
for medical personnel, as well as with a
hatch in the rear part of the fuselage
intended for loading stretchers.

SAR helicopter mockup

On the right side of the fuselage, a


hoist of a load-carrying capacity of 300
kg is installed to lift people and cargoes.
Under the fuselage, a searchlight is
placed. The SAR modification can be
adapted for night flights. Additional
equipment (search and firefighting
devices) can also be installed.
Performance characteristics
engines................................................................................... 2 x PW-207K
emergency rating, hp ....................................................................... 2 x 710
takeoff rating, hp ............................................................................. 2 x 630
Crew ......................................................................................................... 1
Passengers ............................................................................................. 10
Dimensions of cargo compartment, m
length .................................................................................................. 3.17
width ................................................................................................... 1.66
height .................................................................................................... 1.3
volume, m3 .............................................................................................................................................................. 6.7
Number of blades
main rotor ................................................................................................. 4
tail rotor .................................................................................................... 2
Weights and loads, kg
maximum takeoff ................................................................................ 3,300
maximum load inside the cabin ........................................................... 1,000
maximum load on sling ....................................................................... 1,300
fuel reserve, l ........................................................................................ 707
Performance (ISA, =0, takeoff weight 3,000 kg)
NES, km/h ............................................................................................ 275
cruise speed, km/h ............................................................................... 250
climb rate, m/s ....................................................................................... 13
hovering ceiling (out of ground effect), m ............................................ 3,300
service ceiling, m ................................................................................ 5,700
maximum flight duration, h ..................................................................... 3.3
operational range with 5% fuel reserve, km ........................................... 530
TRAINING
The training modification of the Ansat
can be used for training of aviation
colleges cadets and civil persons, as well
as for pilots re-training. The installation
of two gas-turbine engines and
redundancy of main helicopter
components provide the highest safety
level required for training flights.
The Ansat is Russian only helicopter
equipped with a digital fly-by-wire control
system (KSU-A), which allows imitating the
engine off-mode without switching the
engines off.
A special training modification of Ansat
helicopter, which is being created now,
will be equipped with a wheel landing gear
and a dual control system. At present,
scientific and design research is being
carried out to make a helicopter for
Russias Ministry of Defense. In April 2004,
the assembly of the first prototype of
Ansat-U training version was finished

The first prototype for RF Defence Minister

Training helicopter mockup


Ansat3 mockup

Ansat3 mockup intended


for 14 people transportation

ANSAT3
To widen the range of its helicopter
modifications produced, Kazan Helicopters
JSC started developing a helicopter of an
increased load-carrying capacity on the
basis of the Ansat.
All components of the new multipurpose
helicopter (the cockpit, piloting and
navigation equipment, fly-by-wire control
system, fuselage components) will be
unified with those of the Ansat. The cargo/
passenger cabin will be 1 m longer, which
is to allow transporting up to 14 passengers.
The Ansat-3 will also be equipped with a
five-blade main rotor with elastomeric
hinges, a four-blade tail rotor, a two-engine
power plant and a wheel landing gear.
DESCRIPTION
Ansat is a classical single-rotor
helicopter with a four-blade main rotor
and a two-blade tail rotor. It is equipped
with two gas-turbine engines.

FUSELAGE
The helicopter riveted fuselage of a
The third prototype on Kazan Helicopters semimonocoque type is made of duralumin.
JSC test station The load-bearing parts comprise a central
compartment, a rear compartment and a
tail boom. Non-loaded elements, which
include a canopy, main gearbox and engine
cowlings, doors and hatches, are made of
composite materials.

Cargo compartment

Cargo hatch
The cockpit has two side doors. The the tail boom and is protected by a cowling.
pilots seat is placed on the right. In the To prevent the tail rotor from touching the
rear part of the fuselage, an additional door- ground, a tail skid is installed at the end of
hatch for loading cargoes or stretchers can the tail boom. The basic variant is fitted
be installed. The riveted tail boom is all- with a skid landing gear. Left and right skids
metal. The transmission shaft is placed over are fastened to one-piece metal springs.
Structural components made of ROTOR SYSTEM
composite materials
The four rotor blades are of a hingeless
type. Their drag, flapping and feathering
hinges are substituted with an elastic
element torsion, which provides all
necessary blade movements. An elastic
blade mounting considerably improves the
helicopter controllability and maneuverability
Tail rotor hub and limits blade droop.
The bearingless main rotor hub has
fewer parts as compared to a hinged one
and is easily maintained. The tail rotor with
two composite blades has a hub with a
common flapping hinge.

The main rotor bearingless hub

Main rotor blade

Engine compartment
POWER PLANT
Two up-to-date Canadian
Pratt&Whitney PW-207K turboshaft
engines are installed on the helicopter. The
engine was certified in 1991 and is
intended for light rotorcraft.
Pratt&Whitney has a well-developed
service network to provide a quick and
effective maintenance and spare parts
delivery.
PW207K engine
The engine is equipped with FADEC
system, which maintains the desired main
rotor speed in various flight modes, as well
as the work of an embedded warning
system.

CONTROL SYSTEM
The Ansat is equipped with KSU-A
electrohydraulical fly-by-wire control
system. KSU-A provides all necessary
directional, roll, pitch and collective pitch
control. It also allows eliminating The diagram of flybywire system
mechanical control components. Its fail-
safety is provided by means of a
quadruple redundancy of digital and
analogous computers.

EQUIPMENT
A standard helicopter equipment set
provides for the helicopter VFR-operation.
According to the customers
requirements, the equipment set can be
modified (for IFR flights in adverse weather
conditions, automatic control, double
control, etc.). Instrumentation panel
Performance (ISA, =0,
takeoff weight 3,000 kg)
SERVICE

TRANSPORTATION
Helicopters produced by Kazan
Helicopters JSC can be transported to
any airport of the world by An-124 Ruslan
or Il-76 airplanes.
TRAINING
Kazan Helicopters JSC has a certified
training center for flight and maintenance
personnels re-training and advanced
training, which is carried out by the
companys leading specialists and
includes the acquaintance not only with
the new rotorcraft and equipment, but also
with new developments.
GUARANTEE AND
POSTGUARANTEE
MAINTENANCE
The helicopters produced by Kazan
Helicopters JSC are fitted with single and
group technical kits. The company
provides a cost-free maintenance during
the guarantee period. All helicopters
produced by Kazan Helicopters JSC are
also provided with the post-guarantee
maintenance.
Kazan Helicopters September, 2004 Tetsevskaya St., Kazan, 420085, Russia
Kazan Helicopters reserved the right to make configuration and data Telephone: +7 8432 718181
changed at any time without notice. The facts and figures contained in Fax: +7 8432 718282
this document and expressed in good failth do not constitute any offer or Email: market@kazanhelicopters.com
contact with Kazan Helicopters. http://www.kazanhelicopters.com