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450mm. The beam is reinforced with 6-32mm bars at the bottom and 2-28mm

bars at the top located 65mm from the maximum compression fiber. fc = 34.5

MPa, Fy = 345MPa. Assume that the contribution of the compression steel may

not be neglected and that compression steel yields.

3) Which of the following gives the nominal moment capacity of the beam.

Solution:

A composite beam is made up of a wide flange with two cover plates of 320mm x

12mm placed at the top and at the bottom. The beam has a simple span of 6m.

and carries a total load of 360 kN/m.

A = 0.02 m2 tw = 0.018 m.

E = 200,000 MPa.

3) Is the beam

a. Adequate

Solution:

A 590mm x 590mm reinforced concrete column with section shown is subjected

to a service axial dead load of 450kN. Live load of 500kN, dead load moment of

135 kN/m and live load moment of 150 kN/m. fc = 21Mpa and fy = 415Mpa

1) Which of the following gives the equivalent eccentricity of the load on the

column.

Solution:

A rectangular reinforce concrete beam has a width of 250mm, a total depth of

600mm, and an effective depth of 500mm. It is reinforced with 3-25mm. Fc =

28MPa and fy = 415MPa. The beam is carrying a slab 150mm thick, 5m. wide. The

beam has a span of 6m. If the unit weight of concrete is 24kN/m3.

1) Which of the following gives the unfactored dead load acting on the beam?

2) Which of the following gives the ultimate moment capacity of the beam?

3) Which of the following gives the unfactored live load that the beam could

support?

Solution:

The base of the footing is 1.8m. below the ground surface. It has a surcharge of

4.8kPa on the ground surface. The thickness of the footing is 1.2m. Allowable

bearing pressure of the soil is 280kPa. Weight of concrete is 24kN/m3 and soil is

18kN/m3.

2) Which of the following gives the distance of the resultant force from the

extreme face of the column in order to have a uniform distribution of pressure.

Solution:

A simply supported steel beam carries a uniform concrete slab 200mm thick. It

carries a ceiling load of 500 Pa and live load pressure equal to 2000Pa. The

length of the beam is 6meters and is spaced at 2m. on centers. Unit weight of

concrete is 24kN/m2. Allowable bending stress for steel beam is 0.66Fy. Modulus

of elasticity is 200GPa. Fy = 248MPa.

1) Which of the following gives the uniform load pressure carried by the beam?

2) Which of the following gives the load carried by the beam in kN/m?

Inertia

W 12 x 0.0000849 0.310

26 m4 m.

W 12 x 0.0000541 0.309

19 m4 m.

W 12 x 0.0000369 0.302

14 m4 m.

Solution:

Problem

A strip of 640 m2 is sold from a triangular field whose sides are 96 m, 72 m, and 80 m. The

strip is of uniform width h and has one of its sides parallel to the longest side of the field. Find

the width of the strip.

A. 7.1 m

B. 8.1 m

C. 8.7 m

D. 7.7 m

Solution

802=722+9622(72)(96)cos

=54 64

722=802+9622(80)(96)cos

=47 22

tan =ch

c=htan54 64

c=0 7096h

tan =ch

c=htan47 22

c=0 9254h

a=bcd

a=960 7096h0 9254h

a=961 635h

AABED=21(a+b)h

640=21[(961 635h)+96]h

1280=192h1 635h2

1 635h2192h+1280=0

h=110 34 and 7 09

A closed traverse ABCD has the following data:

AB 122.00 N 30 E

BC 149.00 N 60 E

CD 241.00 S 10 E

DA 159.00 N 70 W

A. N 59 11E

B. N 59 11E

C. N 60 12E

D. N 60 49E

2. Determine the corrected bearing of side CD using the compass rule.

A. 149.632 m

B. 148.368 m

C. 149.547 m

D. 148.453 m

3. Determine the corrected length of side BC using the compass rule.

A. 242.067 m

B. 241.852 m

C. 240.148 m

D. 239.933 m

Solution:

Compass rule:

The correction to be applied to the latitude (or departure) of any course is to the

total absolute correction in latitude (or departure) as the length of the course is

to the perimeter of the traverse.

Side CL Corrected CD Corrected Corrected Corrected Bearing

Latitude Departure Length

Concrete beam 8meters long and spaced 4m center-to-center are used to support

a concrete slab 115 mm thick. The beams have effective depth of 650 mm

measured from the slab surface, bw=300mm, and are reinforced for tension only

with six 28-mm-diameter bars. The beams are to be analyzed as T-beams. Steel

yield strength fy=350MPa and concrete strength fc=21MPa.

1. Which of the following most nearly give the width of slab effective as T-beam,

in millimeters?

A. 2000

B. 2140

C. 4000

D. 3250

2. Which of the following most nearly give the depth of compression block in

millimeters?

A. 36.2

B. 45.2

C. 56.3

D. 62.4

3. Which of the following most nearly give the nominal moment capacity of the

beam in KiloNewton-Meter.

A. 563

B. 784

C. 952

D. 817

Solution:

Steel column 3.6m long and hinged at both ends is used to carry an axial load of

800kN. The column is subject to end moments about its strong axis (single

curvature) with M1 = 90%M2. The frame is braced against joint translation and is

not subjected to any transverse loading. Fy =248MPa, E=200GPa.

A=0.013 m2 rb=94 mm

Sx=0.00099 m2 K=1.0

1. Which of the following most nearly gives the computed (actual) axial stress of

the column in MegaPascals.

A. 57

B. 75

C. 62

D. 68

2. Which of the following most nearly gives the allowable axial compressive

stress of the column in MegaPascals.

A. 114

B. 120

C. 133

D. 148

3. From a separate calculation with Fb = 149MPa, which of the following most

nearly gives the maximum moment that the column can carry, in KiloNewton-

Meter.

A. 85.6

B. 75.4

C. 71.4

D. 78.8

Solution:

A 4-m single span beam having a cross-section of 300mm x 500 mm carries a

uniformly distributed load throughout its span. The beam is 80% stress grade

Apitong with allowable bending stress of 16.5 MegaPascals, allowable shearing

stress of 1.73 MPa and modulus of elasticity of 7.31 GigaPascals. Allowable

deflection is 1/240 of the span.

1. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of the uniform load without

exceeding the allowable bending stress of the beam, in KiloNewton per Meter.

A. 118

B. 103

C. 132

D. 124

2. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of the uniform load without

exceeding the allowable shearing stress of the beam, in KiloNewton per Meter.

A. 63

B. 54

C. 87

D. 75

3. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of the uniform load without

exceeding the allowable deflection, in KiloNewton per Meter.

A. 102

B. 98

C. 124

D. 114

Solution:

A rectangular reinforced concrete beam has a width of 300mm and an effective

depth of 450mm to tension bars. The beam is reinforced with six 32-mm-

diameter tension bars and two 28-mm-diameter compression bars with centroid

65mm from extreme concrete fiber. Concrete strength fc=34.5MPa and steel

strength fy=345MPa. Assume that the contribution of the compression steel

cannot be neglected and that compression steel yields.

1. Which of the following most nearly gives the balanced steel ratio if the beam

were singly reinforced:

A0.044

B.0.033

C.0.055

D.0.022

2. Which of the following most nearly gives the balanced steel ratio for doubly

reinforced considering the effect of the compression steel:

A.0.048

B.0.059

C.0.062

D.0.053

3. Which of the following most nearly gives the ultimate moment capacity of the

beam in KiloNewton-Meter.

A.632

B.724

C.517

D. 571

Solution:

The beam is 150mm wide and 300mm deep, The allowable bending stress on

extreme fiber is 12MPa. If x=2.5m:

1. Which of the following gives the maximum moment that the beam can resist,

in KiloNewton-meter.

A. 24

B. 16

C. 18

D. 27

A. 12.5

B. 8.6

C. 9.5

D. 16.4

A. 27

B. 24

C. 16

D. 18

Solution:

A spiral column 500-mm in diameter is reinforced with 8-28mm diameter bars as

shown. The interaction diagram for the column is also given.

1. Which of the following most nearly gives the reinforcement ratio in percent.

A. 0.025

B. 0.032

C. 0.016

D. 0.041

2. Which of the following most nearly gives the ratio of eccentricity to column

dimension in the direction of bending.

A. 0.40

B. 0.30

C. 0.25

D. 0.35

3. Which of the following most nearly gives the nominal load capacity of the

column.

A. 2800

B. 2600

C. 2700

D. 2500

Solution:

Rectangular beams 300mm wide 600mm effective deep and 5.8m long are spaced

3m on centers. These beams are used to support a 90-mm thick concrete slab

poured monolithically with the beam, thus the beams may be considered as T-

beams. The beams are reinforced for tension only with eight 28-mm diameter

bars. Concrete strength fc = 27MPa and steel strength fy = 345 MPa. The

provisions of the 1992 Structrural Code of the Philippines regarding T-Beams is

given.

1. Which of the following most nearly gives the effective flange width according

to the 1992 NSCP, in millimeters.

A. 1450

B. 1740

C. 3000

D. 1250

2. Which of the following most nearly gives the depth of compression block

measured from the top of the beam, in millimeters.

A. 68

B. 72

C. 60

D. 51

3. Which of the following most nearly gives the nominal capacity of the beam in

KiloNewton-Meter.

A. 854

B. 976

C. 753

D. 1104

Solution:

A bar metal 25mm in diameter is tested on a length of 250mm. in tension the

following results were recorded:

Solution:

A strip of steel 1mm thick is bent into an arc of a circle of radius 1.0m E is equal

to 200GPa. The maximum bending stress is:

Solution:

Two pieces of 75mm x 400mm Yacal members under tension are connected

together by means of a lap splice with 9pcs of 25mm dia. Bolts as shown. The

working stresses for 80% visually stress-graded unseasoned Yacal are as

follows:

1) Which of the following gives the net area of a timber member? Consider hole

diameter to be 2mm larger than the bolt diameter

2) Which of the following gives the safe value of P considering the net area of the

timber member?

3) Which of the following gives the safe value of P considering the bearing of the

bolts on the timber.

Solution:

The T-section shown is formed by joining two rectangular pieces of wood

together. The beam is subjected to a maximum shearing force of 60kN.

1) Which of the following gives the moment of inertia at the neutral axis.

2) Which of the following gives the shearing stress at the neutral axis.

3) Which of the following gives the shearing stress at the junction between the

two pieces of wood.

Solution:

Concrete beam 8meters long and spaced 4m center-to-center are used to support

a concrete slab 115 mm thick. The beams have effective depth of 650 mm

measured from the slab surface, bw=300mm, and are reinforced for tension only

with six 28-mm-diameter bars. The beams are to be analyzed as T-beams. Steel

yield strength fy=350MPa and concrete strength fc=21MPa.

1. Which of the following most nearly give the width of slab effective as T-beam,

in millimeters?

A. 2000

B. 2140

C. 4000

D. 3250

2. Which of the following most nearly give the depth of compression block in

millimeters?

A. 36.2

B. 45.2

C. 56.3

D. 62.4

3. Which of the following most nearly give the nominal moment capacity of the

beam in KiloNewton-Meter.

A. 563

B. 784

C. 952

D. 817

Solution:

A wall footing is shown. The unit weight of soil above footing is 18 kN/m 3 and

unit weight of concrete is 23.5 kN/m3. Concrete strength fc = 21 MPa and steel

yield strength is fy = 414 MPa. The allowable soil bearing capacity is 210 kPa.

1. Which of the following most nearly gives the effective soil bearing capacity at

the bottom of the footing in KiloPascals.

A. 172

B. 195

C. 186

D. 164

2. Which of the following most nearly gives the dimension (width) of the footing

in meter?

A. 2.5

B. 2.1

C. 3.2

D. 2.8

3. Which of the following most nearly gives the spacing of the 28-mm diameter

main bars, in millimeters?

A. 300

B. 250

C. 400

D. 350

Solution:

A built up section is made up of 3 rectangular plates welded to form an H-beam.

The overall depth is 400mm and is 13 meters long. The slenderness ratio L/r =

200. The max. load in tension is 1600 kN and a min. load in compression is

260kN. The member is to carry a load P = max load + min. load.

Solution:

A rectangular beam has a width of 250mm and an effective depth of 400mm. The

beam is reinforced at the top and bottom section with a steel covering of 75mm

for the compression bars and has a simple span of 6m.. If carries a uniform live

load of 36kN/m and a dead load of 15kN/m. If fc=21MPa, fy = 276MPa.

2) Which of the following gives the nominal moment capacity of the beam at

balanced condition?

Solution:

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