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Aestiva/5

Operation Manual - Part 1


Software Revision 4.X
System Controls, Operation, Checkout
User Responsibility
This Product will perform in conformity with the description thereof contained
in this Operation manual and accompanying labels and/or inserts, when
assembled, operated, maintained, and repaired in accordance with the
instructions provided. This Product must be checked periodically. A defective
Product should not be used. Parts that are broken, missing, plainly worn,
distorted, or contaminated should be replaced immediately. Should repair or
replacement become necessary, Datex-Ohmeda recommends that a
telephonic or written request for service advice be made to the nearest
Datex-Ohmeda Customer Service Center. This Product or any of its parts
should not be repaired other than in accordance with written instructions
provided by Datex-Ohmeda and by Datex-Ohmeda trained personnel. The
Product must not be altered without the prior written approval of
Datex-Ohmeda. The user of this Product shall have the sole responsibility for
any malfunction which results from improper use, faulty maintenance,
improper repair, damage, or alteration by anyone other than Datex-Ohmeda.

w CAUTION U.S. Federal law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a
licensed medical practitioner. Outside the U.S.A., check local
laws for any restriction that may apply.

Datex-Ohmeda products have unit serial numbers with coded logic which
indicates a product group code, the year of manufacture, and a sequential
unit number for identification.

AAA F 12345

This alpha character indicates the year of product


manufacture and when the serial number was
assigned; “D” = 2000, “E” = 2001, “F” = 2002, etc.
“I” and “O” are not used.

Aestiva, S/5, PSVPro, Tec 5, Tec 6 and Tec 7 are registered trademarks of
Datex-Ohmeda Inc.
Other brand names or product names used in this manual are trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective holders.
Table of Contents

1/Introduction
i
How to use this manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
What is an Aestiva? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Ventilators and monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Symbols used in the manual or on the equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5

2/System Controls and Menus


Anesthesia system controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Breathing system controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Vaporizer controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Ventilator controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
Optional features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
Control panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
How to set controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-14
How to use the menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-15
Menu map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-16
More about menu functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-17
How to change menu settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-18
Optional flowmeter and suction regulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-19
Suction regulator controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-20
External flowmeter controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-20
Optional CO2 Bypass mode operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-21

3/Operation and Tutorial


Turn On the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Set the alarm loudness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Show or hide alarm limits and units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Adjust patient data for Heliox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Turn the volume alarms on or off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Set alarm limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Set an audible alarm for circuit leaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-11
Set Cardiac Bypass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-12

1006-0938-000 i
Aestiva

Start mechanical ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14


ii
Stop mechanical ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Set the ventilation mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Set ventilator controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Optional features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Ventilator controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Volume Control mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
Pressure Control mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
SIMV mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
PSVPro mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Set inspiratory pause (volume mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Set SIMV and PSVPro controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Silence alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-26
Reading the pressure waveform (Paw) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Scales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Measure circuit compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Show the service settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Optional Passive AGSS operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Optional Active AGSS operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-34
Connecting Active AGSS with a flow indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-35
Connecting Active AGSS without a flow indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-36

4/Preoperative Checklist
Every day before the first patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
Every time a different clinician uses the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
Before every patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3

Appendix - Preoperative Tests


Test Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-2
Every day before the first patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-3
Inspect the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-3
Minimize alarms (optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-5

ii 1006-0938-000
Table of Contents

Pipeline and cylinder tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-5


iii
Flow control tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-7
Vaporizer back pressure test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-8
Power failure test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-9
Precase steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-11
Every time a different clinician uses the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-12
Low-pressure leak test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-12
Before every patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-16
Inspect the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-16
Minimize alarms (optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-18
Breathing system tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-19
Monitor and ventilator tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-21

Index
Warranty

1006-0938-000 iii
Aestiva

iv

iv 1006-0938-000
1 Introduction 1-1

In this section How to use this manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2


What is an Aestiva?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Symbols used in the manual or on the equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-5

1006-0938-000 1-1
Aestiva

How to use this manual


The Aestiva comes with several user manuals. This manual describes the
controls and how to use them.
1-2
Section 1 shows the different models and supplies information about the
symbols used on the equipment.
Section 2 shows control locations.
Section 3 tells you how to use the controls.
Section 4 is a two-page, preoperative checklist.
The appendix provides complete instructions for the preoperative tests shown
on the checklist.
The Aestiva/5 7900 can be equipped with several optional ventilation
functions. References made in this manual to Heliox mode, and SIMV and
PSVPro modes, are only applicable to systems equipped with these functions.
Use this manual together with Part 2, which includes setup, troubleshooting,
calibration, and maintenance procedures.

What is an Aestiva?
The Aestiva is a flexible, accessible and intuitive anesthesia delivery system. A
wide selection of frames, gases, and vaporizers give you full control of the
system configuration.
Options include pendant mounted systems, extra gas cylinders or vaporizers,
and left or right-hand breathing systems.

Model 2 Vap. Trolley 3 Vap. Trolley Pendant


Number of vaporizers 2 3 2
Number of gases 2 or 3 2, 3, or 4 2 or 3
Optional gases (Heliox and CO2 are Air or Heliox; CO2 Air, Heliox, CO2 (up to two) Air or Heliox; CO2
cylinder only)
Breathing system and ventilator Left or right side Left or right side Left or right side
display mounting
Total number of cylinders (maximum 2 Up to 4 Up to 5 Up to 2
per gas)

1-2 1006-0938-000
1 Introduction

Ventilators and monitors The system uses a microprocessor-controlled ventilator with internal monitors,
electronic PEEP, multiple modes of ventilation, and a pressure waveform dis-
play. Built-in connectors and communication software permit optional
cardiovascular and respiratory gas monitoring.
1-3

1006-0938-000 1-3
Aestiva

AA.96.025

AA.96.019
AA.96.016
1-4

Two vaporizer positions, left-hand Two vaporizer positions, left-hand Three vaporizer positions, left-hand
configuration with basic display configuration with arm display configuration with arm display
mount. mount. mount.
AA.96.028

AA.96.102

Three vaporizer positions, right-hand Pendant with arm display mount.


configuration with arm display mount.

Figure 1-1 • Aestiva systems

1-4 1006-0938-000
1 Introduction

Symbols used in the manual or on the equipment


wWarnings and wCautions tell you about dangerous conditions that can
occur if you do not follow all instructions in this manual.
1-5
Warnings tell about a condition that can cause injury to the operator or the
patient.
Cautions tell about a condition that can cause damage to the equipment. Read
and follow all warnings and cautions.
Other symbols replace words on the equipment or in Datex-Ohmeda manuals.
No one device or manual uses all of the symbols. These symbols include:

l On (power)
Í Not autoclavable

O Off (power)
m Type B equipment

o Standby
µ Type BF equipment

q Standby or preparatory state for part of


the equipment H Type CF equipment

p “ON” only for part of the equipment


w Caution, ISO 7000-0434

œ “OFF” only for part of the equipment


wW Attention, refer to product
instructions, IEC 601-1


N
N

Direct current
This way up

Alternating current Dangerous Voltage


~

x Protective earth ground


y Earth ground

Electrical input Electrical output

Pneumatic inlet Pneumatic outlet

1006-0938-000 1-5
Aestiva

r Frame or chassis ground REF Stock Number

1-6
å Alarm silence button SN Serial Number

Y Equipotential Systems with this mark agree with


the European Council Directive
(93/42/EEC) for Medical Devices
when they are used as specified in
their Operation and Maintenance
Manuals. The xxxx is the
certification number of the
Notified Body used by Datex-
Ohmeda’s Quality Systems.

t Variability Read top of float

T Variability in steps Vacuum inlet

+ Plus, positive polarity Suction bottle outlet

- Minus, negative polarity O 2+ O2 Flush button

P Lamp, lighting, illumination Cylinder

N Movement in one direction Isolation transformer

ˆ Movement in two directions Linkage system

z Lock Risk of Explosion

Z Unlock Low pressure leak test

1-6 1006-0938-000
1 Introduction

134° C Autoclavable

1-7
R Bag position/ manual ventilation
r Mechanical ventilation

u Open drain (remove liquid)


U Close drain

q Inspiratory flow
Q Expiratory flow

t O2 sensor connection End case

The primary regulator is set to pressure The primary regulator is set to


less than 345 kPa. pressure less than 414 kPa.

European Union Representative

1006-0938-000 1-7
Aestiva

1-8

1-8 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls
and Menus
2

In this section Anesthesia system controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2


Breathing system controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Vaporizer controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Ventilator controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
Optional flowmeter and suction regulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-19
Optional CO2 Bypass mode operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-21

1006-0938-000 2-1
Aestiva

Anesthesia system controls


w WARNING Explosion Hazard. Do not use Aestiva systems with flammable
anesthetic agents.

w WARNING Do not use antistatic breathing tubes or masks. They can cause
burns if you use them near high frequency surgical equipment.
4

AA.96.054
5
3

1 7

10

12

11 9

1. Breathing system (Figure 2-3)


2. Flow controls
3. Ventilator/monitoring display (Figure 2-5)
4. Light switch and Gooseneck lamp connector (some models)
5. Light (some models)
6. Dovetail rails
7. Vaporizers (Figure 2-4)
8. Gauge (cylinder pressure)
9. Gauge (pipeline pressure)
10. System switch
11. Flush button
12. Brake

Figure 2-1 • Aestiva (front view)

2-2 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

Figure 2-1 shows these controls on the front of the Aestiva.

Item Description
System switch Set the switch to on to permit gas flow and to turn on the
monitoring.
On Standby

AA.96.103
2

Flow controls Turn the control counterclockwise to increase the flow and
clockwise to decrease. The system switch must be on.
Increase Decrease

AA.96.105
O2 flush Push O2 Flush to supply high flows of O2 to the breathing
system.

AA.96.106
Light switch Turns the light on and off.
Off On AA.96.107

Brake Push down to lock. Lift to release.


AA.96.100

1006-0938-000 2-3
Aestiva

The circuit breakers are on the rear panel of the Aestiva.

Item Description (Figure 2-2)


Circuit Breakers
System circuit breaker

Open Closed

AA.96.108
(No Power) (Power)

Outlet circuit breakers

Open

AA.96.109
(No Power)

Closed
(Power)

3
4

5
2
6
1
7

8
AA.96.053

1. Circuit Breaker for Electrical Outlet


2. Electrical Outlet
3. Circuit Breaker for Total Outlet Current
4. Circuit Breaker for Mains Inlet
5. Mains Inlet
6. Ventilator fuse
7. Pneumatic Outlet
8. Pipeline Connection

Figure 2-2 • Aestiva rear view

2-4 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

Breathing system controls


9

8
10

11
6

5a
12
4

5b

2
13

AB.23.003
1

1. Canister release
2. Auxiliary common gas outlet (optional)
3. Outlet switch (Auxiliary Common Gas Outlet)
4. Door
5. Flow sensor /patient connection (circuit connections)
a.Inspiratory (Circle circuit module) or to-fro connection (Mapleson/Bain circuit module)
b.Expiratory (Circle circuit module) or fresh gas connection (Mapleson/Bain circuit module)
6. Breathing circuit module (Circle)
7. Bag arm
8. Bag/Vent switch
9. APL valve
10.Bellows
11.Pressure gauge
12.Check valves
13. O2 sensor

Figure 2-3 • Breathing system parts


1006-0938-000 2-5
Aestiva

Item Description
,
Bag/Vent switch When you first turn on the system, mechanical ventilation is always off. To start mechanical
ventilation, move the switch from Bag to Vent.

Mechanical ventilation On (gas to bellows)

AB.23.059
Mechanical ventilation Off (gas to bag arm)

AB.23.060
APL valve Limits breathing system pressure during manual ventilation. The scale shows approximate
pressures. Above 30 cmH2O, you will feel clicks as the knob turns.

Increase 70
20
30

AB.23.064
30

70 5 20

~0 cmH2O ~20 cmH2O

Bag arm One arm is adjustable (push in and turn). The other is not.

Adjustable Not adjustable


AB.23.023

AB.23.024

2-6 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

Item Description
Canister release Open to replace soda lime or remove the canisters. Note, this also opens the breathing
system.

Pull Turn
2
Open

AB.23.061
Turn Push

Close

CO2 bypass (optional) Pulling and turning the canister release opens the canisters and activates the CO 2 bypass
mode. The CO2 bypass seals the breathing circuit when the canisters are open. This permits
continued ventilation and rebreathing of exhaled gases.

AB.23.179

Drain plug Unscrew the plug to remove condensate.


AB.23.062

1006-0938-000 2-7
Aestiva

Item Description
Outlet switch Sends fresh gas to the selected outlet when the system has an auxiliary common gas outlet.
(optional) Monitoring and ventilation turn off when the auxiliary outlet is selected.

Breathing system selected Auxiliary outlet selected

AB.23.063

2-8 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

Vaporizer controls
Refer to the description in this section and the vaporizer operation and
maintenance manual for more detailed information on the vaporizer.
Figure 2-4 shows these controls.

Item Description 2
Lock lever Turn the lever fully clockwise to lock the vaporizer in
position.

AA.43.062
Concentration Push the release and turn the concentration control to
control and release set the agent concentration. The Tec 6 concentration
control does not turn as long as the warm-up indicator
is on.

Åben

16

14
12
10 9
8 7
6 5 4 3 2 1

AA.43.063
6
Tec

Alarm Silence Push to silence alarms. Hold for four seconds to start
Switch (Tec 6 only) the speaker and light all indicators (alarm test).

> 4 sec = Alarm test


AA.43.064

< 4 sec = Alarm silence

1006-0938-000 2-9
Aestiva

Item Description
Indicators All indicators come on at the start. The warm-up
(Tec 6 only) indicator goes off after approximately ten minutes
when the operational indicator comes on. Other
indicators come on during malfunctions.

5 4 3 2
4

.
W ght ions. ance
p al st per ce
ee u In g nan
ri r ct rm

Se erat af m ns
up fo ru fo

Fac ic en te
K an nal in te

p rs d io

rv m da
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O to an at

Se m ice
e io fe ai
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re xt se
n ll ti

Ne
ar at a

m
ckfore
Lobe

!
use 1 .8
2

3 3

s
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4

g
5

m
in

AA.13.032
ti

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ll
n

re rv rs na for a

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ar

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t

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S cto tio a t a

d a p tio
W

F era an gh

e m ng uc
O e m pri

m nd ti tr

s a
m a ec s
!

co ice aff l In
l
u

u
S p
e
e
K

o
e
Lockbefore

te
da
a

e
ic
rv
e

se
t
ex
N
use
5 Of
4
3 0%
2 1
.8 .6 .4 .2

2
AA.43.005

ne
ura
ofl
Is
nly
O
se
U

6
1
nly

6
O ne
se ra
U flu
En
AA.43.015

Tec 5
8

Tec 6 6 7

1. Power Cable (Only the Tec 6 Vaporizer)


2. Concentration Control
3. Concentration Control Release
4. Lock lever
5. Alarm Silence Switch (Tec 6 only)
6. Filler Port Controls
7. Indicators (Tec 6 only)
8. Battery Cover (Tec 6 only)

Figure 2-4 • Vaporizer controls

2-10 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

Ventilator controls

Optional Features The Aestiva 7900 can be equipped with several optional ventilation functions.
References made in this manual to Heliox mode, and SIMV and PSVPro modes, 2
are only applicable to systems equipped with these functions.

Control panel Ventilator controls include:


• Touch keys
• Menu screens
• A control knob

1 2 3

AB.90.025
13 4

12 11 10 9 8 7
1. Alarm silence (key)
2. Alarm message (display)
3. Volume alarms On/Off (key)
4. Menu key
5. Breathing circuit module (display)
6. Control knob
7. Control setting
8. Selection key
9. Ventilation mode (display)
10. Ventilator status (On or Off)
11. Mains indicator
12. End Case (key)
13. Measured values

Figure 2-5 • SmartVent controls and monitored data

1006-0938-000 2-11
Aestiva

All but two of the controls for the ventilator are located on the Ventilation/
Monitoring display. The two controls are:
• The system switch, which powers the ventilator.
• The Bag/Vent switch, which starts and stops mechanical ventilation.

Item Description
Menu key Shows the main menu.

AB.90.036
Alarm silence key Silences most alarms for 120 seconds.
and indicator
Pushing the key when no alarm is active pre-silences
low and medium priority alarms, except Minimum
Monitoring, for 90 seconds.

The "No O2 Pressure" alarm cannot be silenced.

AB.29.004
120

Remaining
silence time

Volume alarm key Turns volume alarms on and off.


and status Vol Alarms On Vol Alarms Off
Vol Alarms Off

2-12 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

Item Description
End Case key End Case helps to prevent false alarms when no
patient is connected. It:
• Puts the apnea and volume alarms into Standby.
• Returns user selections to the most common
settings: Cardiac bypass off; Alarm limits shown; and
2
Heliox mode off.
• Sets the PEEP to 0 cmH2O (default value).
• Sets Plimit to one of two values: facility default or
40 cmH2O.
• Forces the circuit Leak Audio to On.
Mechanical ventilation must be off (set the Bag/Vent
switch to Bag or select the auxiliary common gas
outlet).

AB.29.006

1006-0938-000 2-13
Aestiva

How to set controls The bottom of the screen shows control settings.
Notes:
• The ventilator will not allow the setting of values it cannot supply. A reject
tone will sound or a message will appear on the screen.
• If the incorrect key is pushed, wait ten seconds or push the correct key.
• If the new setting is not saved, the ventilator continues to use the old setting.

Step 1
Push the selection key

AB.29.010
below the setting.

Step 2
Turn the knob to change
the setting.
AB.29.002

Step 3
Push the knob or the key

AB.29.011
to save the change.

2-14 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

How to use the menu Screens go back to the normal display 25 seconds after the last action.
During a calibration or other procedure, the screen shows the instructions.

Step 1
Push the Menu key to see
the main menu. 2

AB29.013

Step 2
Turn the knob to select an
option (highlight).
AB.90.036

Step 3
Push the knob to show
the next screen.
AB90.037
AB.90.045

1006-0938-000 2-15
Aestiva

Menu map Figure 2-6 shows the menu map. The table tells you about some of the
options.

AB.90.041
AB.90.036

SE
AB.90.054
AB.90.045
AB.90.063

Note: If the Alarm Settings page shows ◊E Auto Limits during mechanical ventilation,
the system automatically calculates alarm limits.

Figure 2-6 • Menu map

2-16 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

More about menu functions

Menu Option Function


Main Cardiac Bypass Turns off volume and apnea alarms when these are not appropriate (e.g.,
(In Progress/No) during heart lung bypass).
Alarm Settings Circuit Leak Turns off the alarm tone for circuit leaks. You must set the low ◊E alarm
2
(Audio On/Off) first. Select Audio off if the circuit has a known leak (e.g., an uncuffed
endotracheal tube).
Setup/ SIMV/PSVPro Setup Shows additional ventilation settings for SIMV and PSVPro modes.
Calibration
O2 Sensor Cal Shows menu for O2 sensor calibration.
Inspiratory Pause Adds an inspiratory pause time to volume control breaths.
Heliox mode Tells the ventilator if heliox is in use.
(On/Off)
About Ventilator... Shows service level settings: software version; if facility defaults or the
control settings from the previous case are used when the system is first
turned on; altitude; and drive gas (O2 or Air).
Screen and Alarm Limits ’Show’ displays alarm limits next to the data on the screen.
Audio (Show/Hide)

Show Limits Hide Limits

Units of Measure ’Show’ displays units under the data on the screen.
(Show/Hide)

Show Units Hide Units

1006-0938-000 2-17
Aestiva

How to change menu This example changes alarm limits.


settings The screen goes back to the normal display 25 seconds after the last action.

Step 1
Select the desired menu.

AB.90.038

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob
to select an option.
AB.90.054
AB.90.055

Step 3
Turn the knob to change
the setting. 75 82

Step 4
Push the knob to save the
change. 82 82

2-18 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

Optional flowmeter and suction regulators


These options are available:
• An external O2 flowmeter
• Continuous suction regulators (3 Mode models)
• A venturi suction regulator (2 Mode models)
2

AA.96.0168.f0499

AA.96.168
2
3
9

6 5 4 7* 8
* Only non-venturi regulators have this connection.
Venturi regulators generate vacuum from system gas supplies.

1. Flowmeter outlet
2. External O2 flowmeter
3. Suction regulator
4. Suction mode switch (On/Off/MAX)
5. Vacuum gauge
6. Suction adjustment
7. Vacuum inlet (non-venturi models only)
8. Collection bottle connection
9. Overflow safety trap

Figure 2-7 • Controls and connectors for flowmeters and suction regulator

1006-0938-000 2-19
Aestiva

Suction regulator
controls

Item Description
Mode switch: With a continuous suction regulator (3 Modes):
• MAX: for maximum suction, set the switch to MAX.
• On (|): for adjustable suction, set the switch to On (|)
or l.
• Off (O): to turn Off suction, set the switch to O.
With a venturi regulator (2 Modes):
• On (|): for adjustable suction, set the switch to On (|)

AA.96.169
or l.
• Off (O): to turn Off suction, set the switch to O.

With the mode switch set to “ll”, turn the control


clockwise to increase suction and counterclockwise to
decrease it.

Increase Decrease
AA.96.170

External flowmeter
controls

Turn the control counterclockwise to increase the O2


AA.96.171

flow and clockwise to decrease.


Increase Decrease

2-20 1006-0938-000
2 System Controls and Menus

Optional CO2 Bypass mode operation


Pulling and turning the canister release opens the canisters and activates the
optional CO2 bypass mode. The CO2 bypass seals the breathing circuit when
the canisters are open. This permits continued ventilation and rebreathing of
exhaled gases.
When the canisters are open, the medium priority alarm message “No CO2 2
Absorption” is displayed. The alarm is downgraded to low priority after silenc-
ing.
Close the absorber canisters to activate the Absorber mode. Closing the can-
isters directs exhaled gas flow through the absorber, removing CO2. Do the
breathing system tests as soon as possible after returning to Absorber mode.
When operating in CO2 Bypass mode, water condensate may collect in the
bypass assembly. The water drains automatically when the canisters are
closed.
Datex-Ohmeda strongly recommends using CO2 monitoring when using the
CO2 Bypass device.
Systems which have the optional CO2 Bypass mode installed have the follow-
ing label at the canister release.

AB.23.179

1006-0938-000 2-21
Aestiva

2-22 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

wWARNING In addition to volume apnea and low airway pressure alarms, other ventilator
alarms are included to indicate potential hazard conditions. All alarms that
occur should be investigated to ensure adequate patient safety.

In this section This section describes specific tasks. Use it as a step-by-step guide or a training tool.

Turn On the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2


Set the alarm loudness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Show or hide alarm limits and units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
Adjust patient data for Heliox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-7
Turn the volume alarms on or off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8
Set alarm limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
Set an audible alarm for circuit leaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Set Cardiac Bypass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Start mechanical ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Stop mechanical ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Set the ventilation mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Set ventilator controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Set SIMV and PSVPro controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Silence alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-26
Reading the pressure waveform (Paw) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Measure circuit compliance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Show the service settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
Optional Passive AGSS operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Optional Active AGSS operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-34

1006-0938-000 3-1
Aestiva

Turn On the system

Step 1
Connect the power cord to a wall outlet.
The mains indicator comes on when AC

AB.29.007
Power is connected.

Step 2
On
Set the system switch to On (|).

AA.96.104
Step 3
The display shows the power-up

AB.90.018
screen, and the system does a series of
self tests.

Step 4
When the self tests pass, the display
shows the normal screen.
AB.90.021

If a test fails, the screen shows an


alarm. Refer to the troubleshooting
section.

3-2 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Set the alarm loudness

Step 1

AB.29.013
Select the Screen and Audio Setup
menu.
• Push the menu key.
• Turn, then push the knob to select
Screen and Audio. AB.90.036
AB.90.039

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob to select
alarm loudness.
AB.90.063
AB.90.043

1006-0938-000 3-3
Aestiva

Step 3
Turn, then push the knob to adjust the
volume.
2 Then
• The volume range is 1 to 5
(loudest).
• As the volume is changed, the
system sounds test tones.
• Push the knob to save the change.

3-4 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Show or hide alarm limits and units


To simplify the displays, hide alarm limits and units of measurement. If the
alarm limits are hidden, the screen automatically shows the limits when:
• An alarm occurs.
• Volume alarms are off or the auxiliary common gas outlet is selected
(monitoring off).
• An individual alarm limit is set to Off.
When the system is set to Standby, alarm limits go back to Show.
Show All Hide Units Hide Alarm Limits

AB.90.033
Step 1
Select the Screen and Audio Setup
menu.
• Push the menu key.
• Turn, then push the knob to select
Screen and Audio Setup.
AB90.036
AB90.039

1006-0938-000 3-5
Aestiva

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob to select
Alarm Limits or Units of
Measure.

AB90.063
AB90.044

Step 3
Turn, then push the knob to select
Show or Hide. Push the knob to save Show
the change.
Hide Then

3-6 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Adjust patient data for Heliox


The Aestiva 7900 can be equipped with several optional ventilation functions.
References made in this manual to Heliox mode, and SIMV and PSVPro modes,
are only applicable to systems equipped with these functions.
When the Heliox mode is selected, the system automatically corrects
measurements for the lower density of Heliox (compared to air).

w WARNING The Heliox mode must be set correctly for accurate volume monitoring and
delivery.

Step 1 AB.29.013

Select the Setup/Calibration


menu.
• Push the menu key.
• Turn, then push the knob to
select Setup/Calibration.
AB.90.036
AB.90.037

1006-0938-000 3-7
Aestiva

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob to select
Heliox Mode.

AB.90.045
AB.90.046

Step 3
Turn, then push the knob to select
on or off. You must push the knob On Then
to save the change

Turn the volume alarms on or off


w WARNING Do not turn volume alarms off with a spontaneously breathing patient, the
system will not alarm for low volume.

The volume alarm key (◊E/VTE) turns volume alarms on and off. When the
alarms are off, a large X covers the limits.
Use this control to prevent false alarms if you switch to manual ventilation at
lower tidal volumes.
AB.29.014

Vol Alarms On

Use the End Case key (on control panel) to prevent apnea alarms between
patients.

3-8 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Set alarm limits


Note: If the Alarm Settings page shows ◊E Auto Limits during mechanical
ventilation, the system is set to automatically calculate ◊E limits.

Step 1

AB.29.013
Select the Alarm Settings menu.
• Push the menu key.
• Turn, then push the knob to select
Alarm Settings. AB.90.036
AB.90.038

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob to select a limit.
AB.90.054
AB.90.055

1006-0938-000 3-9
Aestiva

Step 3
Turn, then push the knob to change the
limit.
75 Then
• Push the knob to save the change.
• The screen returns to the normal
display 25 seconds after the last
change.

3-10 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Set an audible alarm for circuit leaks


The patient circuit leak alarm is activated if less than half of the inspired volume
returns through the expiratory flow sensor during mechanical ventilation. To
prevent nuisance alarms from a known leak (e.g., an un-cuffed endotracheal
tube), set the audio to Off. Normal volume and apnea monitoring does not
change.
Note: This alarm is the first stage in detecting a circuit disconnect. The audible
leak alarm cannot be turned off unless volume alarms are on, and the low ◊E
limit is set to a value other than off.
3

Step 1 AB.29.013

Select the Alarm Settings menu.


• Push the menu key.
• Turn, then push the knob to select
Alarm Settings.
AB.90.036
AB.90.038

1006-0938-000 3-11
Aestiva

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob to select
circuit leak audio.

AB.90.054
AB.90.056

Step 3
Turn, then push the knob to change the Audio On
setting. You must push the knob to save Audio Off Then
the change.

Set Cardiac Bypass


Set Cardiac Bypass to In Progress to prevent volume and apnea alarms when
the patient is on cardio-pulmonary bypass.
When Cardiac Bypass In Progress is selected, the display shows:
• Cardiac Bypass
• Apnea Alarm Off
• Vol Alarms Off
Note: The mechanical ventilation must be off. When the mechanical
ventilation is turned back on, Cardiac Bypass returns to the No Bypass setting
and alarms become active.

3-12 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Step 1

AB.29.013
Select the Cardiac Bypass menu item:
• Push the menu key.
• Turn, then push the knob to select
Cardiac Bypass In Progress.

AB.90.036
AB.90.040
AB.90.068 3

Step 2
Push the knob again to return to No.
AB.90.040

1006-0938-000 3-13
Aestiva

Start mechanical ventilation


w WARNING Make sure the patient circuit is correctly assembled and the control
settings are correct before you start or stop ventilation.

Mechanical ventilation is off when you first turn on the system.

Step 1
Make sure the control settings are OK.
OK?

AB.90.025
Step 2
Turn off the auxiliary common gas outlet
(some models).

AB.23.065
Step 3
Set the Bag/Vent switch back to Vent.
• If mechanical ventilation is not
available, a message tells you
what to do. For example “To start
mech vent set the Bag/Vent switch
to Bag and back to Vent.”
AA.96.110

3-14 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Stop mechanical ventilation


w WARNING Make sure the patient circuit is correctly assembled and the control
settings are correct before you start or stop ventilation.

Step 1 3
Make sure control settings are OK. 70

OK?

AB.23.066
30
20

Step 2
Set the Bag/Vent switch to Bag.

AA.96.111

1006-0938-000 3-15
Aestiva

Set the ventilation mode


Text below the waveform shows the ventilation mode:
• Pressure controlled modes supply a set pressure during inspiration.
• Volume controlled modes supply a set tidal volume.

AB.90.092
Step 1
AB.29.013

Select the Ventilation Mode.


• Push the menu key.
• Push the knob to select Ventilation
Mode.
AB.90.036

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob to change the Volume Control
mode. Push the knob to save the
Pressure Cntrl
change.
SIMV Mode Then
PSVPro Mode

Note PSVPro is pressure supported ventilation with apnea backup.

3-16 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Step 3
Set the highlighted control parameter.
Each mode has one parameter that

AB.90.074
must be set (VT for Volume and SIMV,
Then
Pinspired for Pressure, and Psupport for
PSVPro).
• Turn, then push the knob to set the
value.

AB.90.075
• Until a value is set, the ventilator
3
shows “---”. If any other key is
pressed at this time, a tone will
sound.

1006-0938-000 3-17
Aestiva

Set ventilator controls

Optional features The Aestiva 7900 can be equipped with several optional ventilation functions.
References made in this manual to Heliox mode, and SIMV and PSVPro modes,
are only applicable to systems equipped with these functions.
The ventilator controls present are based on the ventilation mode.
Messages appear on the screen if:
• You try to set a value the system cannot supply.
• You change a setting but do not save it: "Push knob to confirm change
Turn knob to change setting".

Step 1
Push the selection key.

AB.90.076
Step 2
A tone sounds and a box flashes

AB.90.077
around the setting.

Step 3
Turn the knob to set the value.
AB.90.078

Step 4
Push the knob to save the setting.
AB.90.079

• A tone sounds.
• The flashing stops.

3-18 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Ventilator controls

Flow Trigger Level This parameter sets the minimum flow detected by the ventilator which triggers
the ventilator to deliver a mechanical breath to a spontaneously breathing
patient. Only active in SIMV and PSVPro modes.

I:E This control sets the inspiratory to expiratory ratio of mechanical breaths
supplied to the patient.

3
Insp. Termination Level This parameter sets the percentage of the peak inspiratory flow where the
ventilator stops a pressure supported breath. Only active in SIMV and PSVPro
modes.

PEEP This control sets the positive end expiratory pressure. This is only available
during mechanical ventilation, but the control can be set at any time.

w WARNING Do not use a separate mechanical PEEP valve; incorrect operation and
patient injury can result.

Pinspired This control sets the amount of pressure delivered to the patient in each
pressure controlled breath.

Plimit This control sets the maximum (and sustained) airway pressures tolerated in
the patient’s breathing system.
• If the high airway pressure limit is reached, inspiration stops and
exhalation starts.
• The limit is an absolute value. There is no offset for PEEP pressure.
Note: Pmax is the peak sensed airway pressure; Plimit is the airway pressure
limit set with front panel controls.

Psupport This control sets the delivered pressure during pressure support ventilation.
Only active in SIMV and PSVPro modes.

Rate This control permits you to set the frequency of mechanical breaths delivered
to the patient. It also establishes the apnea delay time in the PSVPro mode.

Tinspired This control sets the time in seconds for each timed inspiration. Only active in
SIMV and PSVPro modes.

1006-0938-000 3-19
Aestiva

Trigger Window This control sets the range as a percent of the exhalation phase within which the
patient may trigger the next mechanical breath. Only active in SIMV and PSVPro
modes.

VT This control sets the tidal volume delivered to the patient in the Volume Control
and SIMV modes.

Volume Control mode The figure and table below show Volume Control settings.

AB.90.025
Settings VT Rate I:E Plimit PEEP
Range 20 - 1500 4 - 100 2:1 - 1:8 12 - 100 Off, 4 - 30
Increments varies* 1 bpm 0.5 1 cmH2O 1 cmH2O
*Increments of 1mL from 20 to 50, 5 mL from 50 to 100, 10 mL from 100 to 300, 25 mL from 300 to
1000, 50 mL from 1000 to 1500

Pressure Control mode The figure and table below show Pressure Control settings.

AB.90.064

Settings Pinspired Rate I:E Plimit PEEP


Range 5 - 60 4 -1 00 2:1 - 1:8 12 - 100 Off, 4 - 30
Increments 1 cmH2O 1 bpm 0.5 1 cmH2O 1 cmH2O

SIMV mode The figure and table below show SIMV settings.
AB.90.071

3-20 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Settings VT Rate Tinspired Psupport PEEP


Range 20 -1500 2 - 60 0.2 - 5.0 Off, 2-40 Off, 4 - 30
Increments varies* 1 bpm 0.1 s 1 cmH2O 1 cmH2O
*Increments of 1mL from 20 to 50, 5 mL from 50 to 100, 10 mL from 100 to 300, 25 mL from 300 to
1000, 50 mL from 1000 to 1500

PSVPro mode PSVPro is pressure supported ventilation with apnea backup.


3
The figure below shows PSVPro settings. In this mode the Pinspired, Rate, and
Tinspired parameters are not active, but they may be changed.

AB.90.087
During backup ventilation, the ventilator will ventilate the patient using the
SIMV-PC + PSV mode. All parameters shown are active in this mode.

AB.90.086
Settings Pinspired Rate Tinspired Psupport PEEP
Range 5 - 60 2 - 60 0.2 - 5.0 Off, 2-40 Off, 4 - 30
Increments 1 cmH2O 1 bpm 0.1 s 1 cmH2O 1 cmH2O

1006-0938-000 3-21
Aestiva

Set inspiratory pause You can only use inspiratory pause in Volume Control or SIMV modes. In
pressure modes, Inspiratory Pause displays a message “No Pause w”.
(volume modes)
When Pause is on, the inspiratory volume stays in the patient’s lungs for the set
pause time at the end of inspiration.
Pause can be set from Off to 60 percent of inspiratory time in increments of five
percent. Minimum pause time is 400 ms.

Pause

AB.90.092
Insp. Exp.

Step 1
Select the Setup/Calibration menu.
AB.29.013

• Push the menu key.


• Turn, then push the knob to select
the Setup/Calibration menu.
AB.90.036
AB.90.037

3-22 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob to select
Inspiratory Pause.

AB.90.083 3
Step 3
Turn, then push the knob to change the
setting. You must push the knob to save
the change. 20% of TI Then

1006-0938-000 3-23
Aestiva

Set SIMV and PSVPro controls


The SIMV and PSVPro modes allow the user to set additional ventilator controls.
The Pinspired, Rate, Tinspired, Psupport and PEEP controls can be set using the
selection keys. The Plimit, Trigger Window, Flow Trigger Level, and Inspiratory
Termination Level may be set through the Setup/Calibration menu.

Step 1

AB.29.013
Select the SIMV/PSVPro Setup menu.
• Push the menu key.
• Turn, then push the knob to select
Setup/Calibration.
AB.90.036
AB.90.037

Step 2
Push the knob to select
SIMV/PSVPro Setup.
AB.90.045

wWARNING Most anesthetic agents will cause patients to have reduced ventilatory
responses to carbon dioxide and to hypoxemia. Therefore, triggered
modes of ventilation may not produce adequate ventilation.

wWARNING The use of neuromuscular blocking agents will reduce the patient’s
breathing response, which will interfere with triggering.

3-24 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Step 3
Turn, then push the knob to select a
setting.

Step 4 AB.90.073 3

Turn, then push the knob to change the


setting. You must push the knob to save
the change. 40 Then

1006-0938-000 3-25
Aestiva

Silence alarms
The alarm silence key silences current alarms for 120 seconds. When no alarm
is active, holding down the alarm silence key for one second pre-silences low
or medium priority alarms for 90 seconds. Minimum monitoring cannot be
pre-silenced.
• The screen shows the time remaining in the silence period.
• Pushing the alarm silence key while an alarm is silenced will reset the
countdown time to 120 seconds.
• High priority alarms always cause an audible tone and must be silenced
individually.

AB.29.004
120

Alarm tones identify the alarm priority:


• High Priority: 10 tones, 10 seconds pause, (repeat)....
• Medium Priority: 3 tones, 25 seconds pause, (repeat)....
• Low Priority: single tone.
Alarms appear at the top of the screen. The highest priority alarm will be shown
in Area 1, the next highest priority alarm in area 2. If all areas are used, the
lowest priority alarms cycle in area 4.

AB.90.072
Note: Error mode messages may appear. Refer to ’Alarms and Troubleshooting’
in Part 2 of the Operation Manual for more information.
• Minimum Monitoring: Monitoring data is available but a failure prevents
mechanical ventilation.
• Minimum System Shutdown: Monitoring and ventilation are not possible.

3-26 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Reading the pressure waveform (Paw)


Different points on the waveform are instantaneous values for measured
pressures. The horizontal axis indicates the time scale for the rate, I:E ratio, and
inspiratory pause (volume control setting). The vertical axis indicates the
pressure.

Volume Control Mode


3

Pmean
AB.90.060

Pmax
PEEP

Pressure Control Mode

Pinsp
AB.90.057

Pmax
PEEP

Scales The display automatically adjusts time and pressure scales to fit the control
settings.
The time scale changes with the set Rate:
• 25 or less breaths per minute - time scale is 0 to 16 seconds
• 26 to 75 breaths per minutes - time scale is 0 to 8 seconds
• 76 or more breaths per minutes - time scale is 0 to 4 seconds
• On a change, existing pressure data is erased and new waveform data
starts at time = 0

The pressure scale changes with the Plimit setting:


• 12 to 40 Plimit, y-axis range is -5 to 40
• 41 to 60 Plimit, y-axis range is -5 to 60
• 61 to 100 Plimit, y-axis range is -5 to 100
• When the pressure scale changes, existing pressure data is erased and
new waveform data starts at time = 0

1006-0938-000 3-27
Aestiva

Example Volume Control • PEEP: Off


• Maximum sensed inspiratory pressure (Pmax): 25
• Mean positive airway pressure (Pmean): 11

AB.90.004
Figure 3-1 • Paw waveform in Volume Control mode

Example Pressure Control • Pmax: 34


• Upper pressure limit (Plimit): 40
• PEEP: 10

AB.90.002

Figure 3-2 • Paw waveform in Pressure Control mode

3-28 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Example SIMV • Plateau pressure (Ppl): 15


• Inspiratory time (Tinspired): 1.5
• Inspiratory Pause: 60

AB.90.028
Figure 3-3 • Paw waveform in SIMV mode.

Example PSVPro • PEEP: 5


• Pressure support: 10
• Mean positive airway pressure (Pmean): 7

AB.90.087

Figure 3-4 • Paw waveform in PSVPro mode.

1006-0938-000 3-29
Aestiva

Measure circuit compliance


To measure compressible volume in patient tubes:
1. Set the ventilator to volume control mode.
2. Set a tidal volume (VT) of 500 mL
3. Set a rate of 10 breaths/min.
4. Set an I:E ratio of 1: 1
5. Set the Plimit control to 30 cmH2O.
6. Occlude the patient connection of the Y piece. Do not contaminate a clean
patient connection.
7. Turn on mechanical ventilation.
8. Monitor the exhaled tidal volume VTE and Pmax (measured peak airway
pressure).
The VTE measures the gas needed to fill the patient circuit at the measured
pressure.
The example shows how tubing compliance factor can be calculated.
VTE/(Pmax –2.51 cmH2O) = Compliance factor in mL per cmH2O
Example:
Pmax = 21 cmH2O
VTE = 24 mL
24/(21–2.5) = 1.3 mL/cmH2O
This factor can be used to calculate the approximate gas compression in
patient tubes.
For example, if the patient is requiring 30 cmH2O to ventilate,
30 X 1.3 = 39 mL of gas is compressed in the tubes each breath. This gas
(39 mL) is part of the set tidal volume but it does not reach the patient.
1 Force of the Bellows.

3-30 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Show the service settings


The About Ventilator screen shows ventilator settings that can only be changed
by an approved service representative.

Item Use
Software Version If you call for service, a representative may ask for
this.
3
Facility defaults or last Tells you if the system saves the current settings
settings when you turn it off or goes back to facility defaults.
Altitude Used for gas calculations. If the altitude is not
correct, O2 calibration can fail.
Drive gas (O2 or Air) Tells you which gas the ventilator uses to drive the
bellows. This gas comes from the same supply
(pipeline or cylinder) that the anesthesia machine
uses. If this gas comes from a cylinder, the cylinder
empties faster than you would expect from the
flowmeter settings.

Step 1
AB.29.013

Select the Setup/Calibration


menu.
• Push the menu key.
• Turn, then push the knob to
select Setup/Calibration.
AB.90.036
AB.90.037

1006-0938-000 3-31
Aestiva

Step 2
Turn, then push the knob to select
About Ventilator.

AB.90.045
AB.90.047
AB.90.051

3-32 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Optional Passive AGSS operation


The Aestiva/5 7100 Passive AGSS consists of
a two-liter reservoir to minimize rapid
pressure changes. It contains both positive
and negative pressure relief valves to protect

AB.23.155
the breathing system. The outlet is a 30 mm
male taper swivel connector (a) at the rear of a
the breathing system.

3
The connector also has a capped hose barb that may be used for scavenging
the sample from a gas monitor.

Passive AGSS (Anesthesia Gas Scavenging System) is intended primarily for


use in operating room environments which have no dedicated vacuum system
for waste gas disposal. The disposal system generally consists of large
diameter tubing and/or duct directly linking the passive AGSS with the
building exterior. The tubing should be as large in diameter and as short as
needed for the particular application.

Passive AGSS may also be used with a non-recirculating ventilation system for
waste gas disposal. The tubing connection from passive AGSS to the non-
recirculating ventilation system should be an open connection, essentially at
atmospheric pressure, such as to an exhaust grill.

Passive AGSS may also be used as a protective interface to an externally


mounted active AGSS such as the Datex-Ohmeda adjustable Waste Gas
Scavenging Interface Valve Assembly.

1006-0938-000 3-33
Aestiva

Optional Active AGSS operation


Versions There are at least three versions of the optional active AGSS (Anesthesia Gas
Scavenging System) available for Aestiva depending on the hospital’s type of
waste gas disposal system.

The low flow system is for use with high vacuum disposal systems. It requires a
minimum vacuum pressure at the wall of 300 mmHg (12 inHg). The extract
flow is restricted to a nominal of 36 L/min or slightly higher at higher vacuum
pressures. A flow indicator on the side of the breathing system indicates when
the unit is in operation.

The high flow system is for use with low vacuum (blower type) disposal
systems with nominal extract flow in the range of 50 to 80 L/min. A flow
indicator on the side of the breathing system indicates when the unit is in
operation.

The third type is for hospital supplied venturi/ejector systems having their own
extract flowmeter. This will operate satisfactorily with a minimum extract flow
of 30 L/min to 100 L/min, but there is no built-in flow indicator.

All three versions are constant extract flow, air brake designs with a two-liter
reserve volume to capture peak exhaust flows that briefly exceed the extract
flow. The disposal system normally entrains room air through the air brake,
located underneath the breathing system and AGSS reservoir, but will spill
from this port during extended periods of high exhaust flow.

Datex-Ohmeda AGSR assembly The Datex-Ohmeda adjustable Anesthesia Gas Scavenging Receiver (AGSR)
assembly may be externally mounted on the dovetail rail behind the breathing
system, or on the back of the articulating arm. The AGSR is an active AGSS
with adjustable extract flow. It may be useful with a low flow, high vacuum
disposal system without the capacity for a constant 36 L/min extract flow.
Refer to the instructions provided with the device. It is for use only with the
Aestiva/5 internal passive AGSS.

3-34 1006-0938-000
3 Operation and Tutorial

Connecting Active AGSS To use the optional active AGSS on a system which has a flow indicator (on
with a flow indicator either the left or right side of the breathing system), connect it as follows.

Step 1
Connect the proper hose to the AGSS outlet connector
(f) on the rear of the base of the breathing system.
3

AB.23.174, AB.23.165
Step 2
Attach the other end to the hospital disposal system.
Note: To scavenge gas from a gas monitor, connect
tubing from the monitor to the 3.18 mm (1/8 inch)

AB.23.162
hose barb (g) in the breathing system base.
b
a

AB.23.155
c
d
Step 3 e
With the AGSS operating, verify that the flow indicator
ball (d) on the flow indicator (a) rises to the green zone
(c), indicating adequate flow.
Note: The ball in the upper red zone (b) indicates
excessively high extraction flow or a blocked filter. The g
ball in the lower red zone (e) indicates extraction flow f
rate is too low.

Step 4
Before you use the system, complete the Preoperative
Test procedure. Refer to the Appendix "Preoperative
Tests".

1006-0938-000 3-35
Aestiva

Connecting Active AGSS The active AGSS option without a flow indicator is for use only with hospital
without a flow indicator disposal systems having their own visual indicator of disposal flow rate.
The recommended nominal disposal system flow rate is 36 L/min but will
operate satisfactorily between 30 and 100 L/min.
To use the optional active AGSS installed on the system which does not have a
flow indicator, connect it as follows.

Step 1
Connect a nominal 1/2 inch ID hose to the AGSS
outlet hose connector (a) on the rear of the breathing
system base.

AB.23.155
• The hose should be flexible and reinforced to help
prevent kinking and crushing. a

Step 2
Attach the other end of the hose to the hospital disposal system.

Step 3
Before you use the system, complete the Preoperative Test procedure. Refer to the Appendix "Preoperative Tests".

3-36 1006-0938-000
4 Preoperative
Checklist

In this section This section is a checklist of the necessary preoperative tests under different 4-
conditions. For step-by-step instructions, refer to the appendix “Preoperative Tests.”

w WARNING Do not use this system unless you have read each component’s operation
and maintenance manual and understand:

• The system connections


• The warnings and cautions
• How to use each system component
• How to test each system component

w WARNING Before you use this system:

• Complete the tests in this section


• Test all other system components

w WARNING If a test failure occurs, do not use the system. Have an approved service
representative repair the system.

Every day before the first patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2


Every time a different clinician uses the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Before every patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3

1006-0938-000 4-1
Aestiva

Every day
before the first patient Inspect the system. Look for damage, necessary drugs and equipment,
correct breathing circuit setup, and hazardous conditions.
Turn on the system.
Set the ventilator controls to decrease alarms.
Do the pipeline and cylinder tests. Look for sufficient pressures and no
high pressure leaks (cylinders).
Do the flow control tests:
•Minimum flows: O2 25-75 mL/min, all other gases no flow.
•Link system: Increase N2O flow to drive up O2 flow. Decrease O2 flow to
drive down N2O flow. The O2 flow is ≥ nominal 25%.
•O2 supply failure alarm. Alarm operates when O2 pressure is decreased
below set limit. Air flow continues. All other gases stop.
Do the vaporizer back pressure tests:
•Set the O2 flow to 6 L/min.
•Turn On one vaporizer at a time.
•Make sure that the O2 flow stays above 5 L/min.
Do a low-pressure leak test.
Do the alarm tests:
•Make sure all monitors operate correctly.
•Make sure the O2 sensor operates correctly. It shows approximately
21% O2 in room air and 100% O2 after two min in pure O2.
•Make sure these ventilator alarms operate correctly: high and low O 2;
low minute volume; high airway pressure; apnea and low airway
pressure; sustained airway pressure.

4-2 1006-0938-000
4 Preoperative Checklist

Every time a different Do a low-pressure leak test.


clinician uses the system

Before every patient Look for damage, necessary drugs and equipment, correct breathing
circuit setup, and hazardous conditions.

Check vaporizer installation:


•Make sure the top of each vaporizer is horizontal (not on crooked).
•Make sure each vaporizer is locked and cannot be removed.
•Make sure the alarms and indicators operate correctly (Tec 6 vaporizer). 4-
•Make sure you cannot turn on more than one vaporizer at the same time.
Do the breathing system tests:
•Make sure the one way valves and auxiliary equipment (humidifier, etc.)
operate correctly.
•With a circle breathing-circuit module, push the drain button for ≥10 sec
to remove condensate.
•Ventilator circuit leak test.
•Bag/Manual circuit leak test.
• Bag/Manual circuit APL valve test.
•Circuit leak test.
Set the appropriate controls and alarm limits for the case.

1006-0938-000 4-3
Aestiva

4-4 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

In this section Test Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2


Every day before the first patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3
Precase steps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-11
Every time a different clinician uses the system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-12
Low-pressure leak test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-12
Before every patient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-16
Breathing system tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-19
Monitor and ventilator tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-21

1006-0938-000 A-1
Aestiva

Test Intervals
The preoperative tests are done at one of three intervals:
1. Every day before the first patient
2. Every time a different clinician uses the system
3. Before each patient

w WARNING Do not use this system unless you have read each component’s
operation and maintenance manual and understand:

• All system connections


• All of the warnings and cautions
• How to use each system component
• How to test each system component

Before you use this system:

• Complete all of the tests in this section


• Test all other system components

If a test failure occurs, do not use the equipment. Have an


approved service representative repair the equipment.

A-2 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

Every day before the first patient

Inspect the System

w WARNING Make sure that the breathing circuit is correctly connected and not
damaged.

w CAUTION The total weight on each accessory shelf must be less than 23 kg.

Systems without accessory shelves have a weight limit on the top


surface of 23 kg.
Make sure that:
1. The equipment is not damaged.
2. All components are correctly attached.
3. The breathing circuit is correctly connected, not damaged, and contains
sufficient absorbent.
4. The vaporizers are locked in position and contain sufficient agent.
5. Pipeline gas supplies are connected and the pressures are correct.
6. Cylinder valves are closed on models with cylinder supplies.

w WARNING Do not leave gas cylinder valves open if the pipeline supply is in
use. Cylinder supplies could be depleted, leaving an insufficient
reserve supply in case of pipeline failure.
7. Models with cylinder supplies have a cylinder wrench attached to the system.
8. The necessary emergency equipment is available and in good condition.
9. Equipment for airway maintenance, tracheal intubation, and IV
administration is available and in good condition.
10. Applicable anesthetic and emergency drugs are available.
11. With the optional O2 flowmeter and suction regulators, turn the devices
On and make sure that:
•The O2 flowmeter provides sufficient flow.
•The suction regulator provides adequate suction.

Note: system gas supplies must be connected. Non-venturi suction


regulators must be connected to a vacuum source.
1006-0938-000 A-3
Aestiva

12. On trolley model, make sure the casters are not loose and the brake is set
and prevents movement.

AA.96.100
13. Connect the power cord to a wall outlet. The mains indicator comes On
when AC Power is connected.

AB.29.007
•If the indicator is not on, the system does not have mains (electrical)
power. Use a different outlet. Close the circuit breaker or replace or
connect the power cable. Refer to Figure 2-2.

14. Set the system switch to On.


AA.96.104

A-4 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

Minimize alarms Set the ventilator controls to decrease the number of alarms:
(optional) 1. Control Keys:
•Volume alarms: Off
•Plimit: 100 cmH2O
2. Alarm menu:
•Low O2: 21%
•High O2: Off
•Bag/Vent switch: Bag

Pipeline and cylinder


tests

w CAUTION To prevent damage:

• Open the cylinder valves slowly.


• Do not force the flow controls.
If your system does not use cylinder supplies, do not do steps 2 and 3.
1. Disconnect the pipeline supplies and close all cylinder valves.
If the pipeline and the cylinder pressure gauges are not at zero:
•Connect an O2 supply.
•Turn On the system, if it is not already on.
•Set the flow controls to mid range.
•Make sure that all gauges but O2 go to zero.
•Disconnect the O2 supply.
•Make sure that the O2 gauge goes to zero. As pressure decreases,
alarms for low O2 supply pressure should occur.
2. Make sure that the cylinders are full:
•Open each cylinder valve.
•Make sure that each cylinder has sufficient pressure. If not, close the
applicable cylinder valve and install a full cylinder.
3. Test one cylinder at a time for high-pressure leaks:
•Set the system switch to Standby, which stops the O2 flow.
•Disconnect all accessories from the pneumatic outlets.
•Turn Off the auxiliary O2 flowmeter.
•Open the cylinder.
•Record the cylinder pressure.

1006-0938-000 A-5
Aestiva

•Close the cylinder valve.


•Record the cylinder pressure after one minute. If the pressure decreases
more than 690 kPa (100 psig) there is a leak:
•Install a new cylinder gasket and tighten the tee handle as shown in
the Setup section of the Setup, maintenance and troubleshooting
manual.
•Do this step again. If the leak continues, do not use the system.
•Repeat step 3 for all cylinders.
•Close cylinder valves.

w WARNING Do not leave gas cylinder valves open if the pipeline supply is in
use. Cylinder supplies could be depleted, leaving an insufficient
reserve supply in case of pipeline failure.
4. Connect the pipeline supplies.
5. Turn on the system.
6. Use the chart below to check pipeline pressure:

ANSI (USA and Intl.), Australian, Canadian, French, 345 kPa (50 psig)
Japanese
ISO, Italian, Scandinavian, South African, Spanish, 414 kPa (60 psig)
Swiss
Austrian, German 500 kPa (75 psig)

7. Connect equipment to the pneumatic outlets as appropriate.

A-6 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

Flow control tests

w WARNING The Link system cannot replace an O2 monitor. Sufficient O2 in the


fresh gas may not prevent hypoxic mixtures in the breathing circuit.

Nitrous oxide (N2O) flows through the system during this test. Use a
safe and approved procedure to collect and remove it.

Incorrect gas mixtures can cause patient injury. If the Link system
does not supply O2 and N2O in the correct proportions, do not use
the system.
To perform the flow control tests:
1. Connect the pipeline supplies or slowly open the cylinder valves.
2. Turn all flow controls fully clockwise (minimum flow).
3. Turn on the system.
4. Do not use the system if low battery or other ventilator failure alarms
occur.
5. Make sure the O2 flowtube shows approximately 25 to 75 mL/min. The
other flowtubes must show no gas flow.

w WARNING Keep the Link system engaged during steps 6 and 7:

• Adjust only the test control (N2O in step 6 and O2 in


step 7).
• Test the flows in sequence (N2O then O2).
• If you adjust the test control too far, set the flow controls to their
initial positions and do the step again.
• The O2 sensor used in steps 6 and 7 must be correctly
calibrated.

6. Test the N2O flow control:


•Turn the N2O and O2 flow controls fully clockwise (minimum flow).
•Slowly turn the N2O flow control counterclockwise.
•Make sure that the O2 flow increases.
The measured O2 concentration must be ≥21% through the full range.

1006-0938-000 A-7
Aestiva
7. Test the O2 flow control:
•Set the N2O flow to 9.0 L/min.
•Set the O2 flow to 3 L/min or higher.
•Slowly turn the O2 flow control clockwise.
•Make sure that the N2O flow decreases.
The measured O2 concentration must be ≥21% through the full range.
8. Set the flow controls to mid range and make sure that the flowtube floats
move smoothly.
9. Stop the O2 supply. Disconnect the pipeline supply or close the cylinder
valve.
10. Make sure that:
•The low O2 supply alarm occurs.
•N2O, CO2, Heliox, and O2 flows stop. The O2 flow stops last.
•Air flow continues.
•Gas supply alarms occur on the ventilator if the ventilator uses O 2 as the
drive gas.
11. Turn all of the flow controls fully clockwise (minimum flow).
12. Reconnect the pipeline supplies.

Vaporizer back
pressure test

w WARNING Anesthetic agent comes out of the common gas outlet during this
test. Use a safe, approved procedure to remove and collect the
agent.

w CAUTION To prevent damage, turn the flow controls fully clockwise


(minimum flow or Off) before you turn On the system.
1. Turn the system On. Alarms can occur.
2. Set the O2 flow to 6 L/min.
3. Make sure that the O2 flow stays constant and the float moves freely.
4. Adjust the vaporizer concentration from 0 to 1% one click at a time. The
O2 flow must not decrease more than 1 L/min through the full range.

If the O2 flow decreases more than 1 L/min:


•Install a different vaporizer and try this step again.
•If the O2 flow decreases less than 1 L/min with a different vaporizer, the
malfunction is in the first vaporizer.

A-8 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

•If the O2 flow also decreases more than 1 L/min with a different
vaporizer, the malfunction is in the Aestiva. Do not use the Aestiva
system until it is serviced.
5. Complete steps 3 and 4 for each vaporizer.

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Power failure test 1. Unplug the power cord with the system turned On.
2. Make sure that the power failure alarm comes on.
3. Connect the power cable again.
4. Make sure the alarm cancels.

1006-0938-000 A-9
Aestiva

Alarm tests 1. Connect a test lung to the patient connection.


2. Set the Bag/Vent switch to Vent.
3. Set the controls:
•Ventilation Mode: Volume control (Select from main menu)
•Ventilator:
Tidal Vol: 400 ml
Rate: 12
I:E Ratio: 1:2
Plimit: 40 cmH2O
PEEP: Off
•Anesthesia Machine
O2 flow: minimum flow (25-75 mL/min)
All other gases: Off
Push flush to fill the bellows.
4. Make sure that:
•Mechanical ventilation starts.
•A subatmospheric pressure alarm does not occur.
•The ventilator displays the correct data.
•The bellows inflate and deflate during mechanical ventilation.
5. Set the O2 flow control to 5 L/min.
6. Make sure that:
•The end expiratory pressure is approximately 0 cmH2O.
•The ventilator displays the correct data.
•The bellows inflate and deflate during mechanical ventilation.
7. Test the O2 monitor and alarms:
•Make sure the sensor measures approximately 21% O2 in room air.
•Set the low O2 alarm to 50%. Make sure a low O2 alarm occurs.
•Set the low O2 alarm back to 21% and make sure that alarm cancels.
•Put the O2 sensor back in the circuit.
•Set the High O2 alarm to 50%.
•Push the flush button to fill the breathing system.
•Make sure the high O2 alarm comes On.
•Set the high O2 alarm back to 100% and make sure that alarm cancels.
•After 2 min. in pure O2, the sensor measures approximately 100% O2.
8. Test the low minute volume alarm:
•Go to the alarms menu.
•Set the alarm limit for low minute volume to 6.0 L/min.

A-10 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

•Make sure that a low minute volume alarm occurs.


•Go to the alarms menu.
•Set the low minute volume alarm to Off.
9. Test the high airway pressure alarm:
•Set Plimit to less than the peak airway pressure.
•Make sure that the high airway pressure alarm occurs.
•Set Plimit to the correct level.
10. Test the apnea and low airway pressure alarms:
•Remove the test lung from the patient connection.
•Other alarms such as low minute volume can occur.
•Make sure that the low airway pressure and apnea alarms occur. The
apnea alarm occurs after 30 sec.
11. Test the sustained airway pressure alarm:
•Set the controls:

APL Valve Closed


Bag/Vent switch: Bag

•Mechanical ventilation stops when the Bag/Vent switch is set to Bag.


•Close the patient connection and push the O2 Flush button.
•Make sure that the sustained pressure alarm occurs after approximately
15 seconds at the sustained pressure limit (6-30 cmH2O varies with
pressure limit).

Precase steps 1. Before the first case, do a low-pressure leak test. Refer to “Every time a
different clinician uses the system.”
2. Do the last two sections of tests in “Before every patient”:
•Breathing system tests
•Monitor and ventilator tests

1006-0938-000 A-11
Aestiva

Every time a different clinician uses the system


The following tests must be performed every time a different clinician uses the
anesthesia system.

w WARNING Do not use a system with a low-pressure leak. Anesthetic gas will
go into the atmosphere, not into the breathing circuit.

Low-pressure leak test

Negative low-pressure leak test 1. Turn on the auxiliary common gas outlet (AUX some models).

AB.23.063
AUX
2. Or, access the common gas outlet (CGO).

CGO

AB.23.099

3. Test the leak test device:


AB.23.063

>60 sec

A-12 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

•Put your hand on the inlet of the leak test device. Push hard for a good
seal.
•Remove all air from the bulb.
•If the bulb inflates in less than 60 seconds, replace the leak test device.
4. Set the system switch to Standby.
5. Turn off all vaporizers.
6. Test the anesthesia machine for low-pressure leaks:
•Turn the flow controls one and a half turns counterclockwise.
•Connect the test device to the common or auxiliary gas outlet.
•Compress and release the bulb until it is empty.
•The vacuum causes the floats to move. This is usual. If the bulb inflates
in 30 seconds or less, there is a leak in the low-pressure circuit. Refer to
the Troubleshooting table (Part 2 of this manual).
•Disconnect the test device.
7. Test each vaporizer for low-pressure leaks:
•Set the vaporizer to 1%
•Repeat step 6. If there is a low-pressure leak, refer to the Setup,
Maintenance and Troubleshooting Manual.
8. Keep the test device with the system.
9. Turn all flow controls fully clockwise (minimum flow). Do not over tighten.

w WARNING Agent mixtures from the low-pressure leak test stay in the system.
Always flush the system with O2 after the low-pressure leak test
(1 L/min for one minute).

w WARNING Turn off all vaporizers at the end of the low-pressure leak test.

10. Remove all condensate from the breathing circuit module.


11. Assemble the breathing system.
12. Flush the system with O2:
•Turn on the system.
•Set the O2 flow to 1 L/min.
•Continue the O2 flow for one minute.
•Turn the O2 flow control fully clockwise (minimum flow).
•Set the system switch to Standby.

1006-0938-000 A-13
Aestiva

ISO 5358 or BSI


low-pressure leak test

wC
CAUTION: You can only do a positive pressure test at the common gas outlet.
1. Access the common gas outlet (CGO).

CGO

AB.23.099
2. Connect the leak test device to the common gas outlet with a section of
tubing.

AB.23.101

•Turn off the auxiliary common gas outlet.


•Set the Outlet switch to common gas outlet.
•Keep the flow tube vertical for accurate results.
3. Fully close all flow controls.
4. Fully open the needle valve on the test device.

A-14 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

w CAUTION If the needle valve is not fully open, this test can damage the
pressure gauge on the test device.
5. Open the Air or N2O flow control and set a total flow of 0.4 L/min through
the flowmeter on the test device.
6. Make sure that the pressure gauge on the test device reads zero and that
all other flow controls are fully closed.
7. Close the needle valve on the test device until the test gauge reads:
BSI 20 kPa
ISO 5358 3 kPa

8. If the flow through the test device is less than 0.35 L/min (ISO) or
0.3 L/min (BSI), there is a low-pressure leak in the anesthesia machine.
Refer to the Setup, Maintenance and Troubleshooting Manual.
9. Repeat this low-pressure leak test for each vaporizer:
•Set the applicable vaporizer to 1% and do steps 2 through 8.
•Fully open the needle valve on the test device to decrease the back
pressure.
•Turn the vaporizer off.

w WARNINGS Agent mixtures from the low-pressure leak test stay in the system.
Always flush the system with O2 after the low-pressure leak test
(1 L/min for one minute).

Turn all vaporizers Off at the end of the low-pressure leak test.
10. Remove all condensate from the breathing circuit module.
11. Assemble the breathing system.
12. Flush the system with O2:
•Turn the system On.
•Set the O2 flow to 1 L/min.
•Continue the O2 flow for one minute.
•Turn the O2 flow control fully clockwise (minimum flow).
•Set the system switch to Standby.

1006-0938-000 A-15
Aestiva

Before every patient

Inspect the system Before each case, perform the following anesthesia system checks.

w WARNING Make sure that the breathing circuit is correctly connected and not
damaged.

w CAUTION The total weight on each accessory shelf must be less than 23 kg.

Systems without accessory shelves have a weight limit on the top


surface of 23 kg.
Make sure that:
1. The equipment is not damaged.
2. All components are correctly attached.
3. The breathing circuit is correctly connected, not damaged, and contains
sufficient absorbent.
4. The vaporizers are locked in position and contain sufficient agent.
5. Pipeline gas supplies are connected and the pressures are correct.
6. Cylinder valves are closed on models with cylinder supplies.

w WARNING Do not leave gas cylinder valves open if the pipeline supply is in
use. Cylinder supplies could be depleted, leaving an insufficient
reserve supply in case of pipeline failure.
7. Models with cylinder supplies have a cylinder wrench attached to the
system.
8. The necessary emergency equipment is available and in good condition.
9. Equipment for airway maintenance, tracheal intubation, and IV
administration is available and in good condition.
10. Applicable anesthetic and emergency drugs are available.

A-16 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

11. On trolley model, make sure the casters are not loose and the brake is set
and prevents movement.

AA.96.100
12. Connect the power cord to a wall outlet. The mains indicator comes on
when AC Power is connected.

AB.29.007
•If the indicator is not on, the system does not have mains (electrical)
power. Use a different outlet. Close the circuit breaker or replace or
connect the power cable. Refer to Figure 2-2.
13. Set the system switch to On.
AA.96.104

1006-0938-000 A-17
Aestiva

Minimize alarms Set the ventilator controls to decrease the number of alarms:
(optional) 1. Control Keys:
•Volume alarms: Off
•Plimit: 100 cmH2O
2. Alarm menu:
•Low O2: 21%
•High O2: Off
3. Bag/Vent switch: Bag
After you have finished testing, set the Plimit back to a clinically appropriate
value.

Vaporizer installation

w WARNING Use only the Tec 5, Tec 6, and Tec 7 vaporizers.

Do not use a vaporizer that lifts off the manifold when the lock lever
is in the locked position.

Do not use this anesthesia system if you can turn on more than one
vaporizer at the same time.

Tec 6 vaporizers will not align correctly unless the power cable goes
through the channel on the bottom of the vaporizer. Do not put the
power cable on top of the manifold or between vaporizers.

The vaporizer storage bracket is not part of the vaporizer manifold.


You cannot use a vaporizer while it is on the bracket.
1. If the top of a vaporizer is not horizontal, remove the vaporizer and
reinstall it.
2. Set each vaporizer lock lever to the locked position.
3. Try to lift each vaporizer off of the manifold.
4. If a vaporizer lifts off the manifold, install it again and complete steps 1,
2, and 3. If the vaporizer lifts off a second time, do not use the system.

A-18 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

5. With a Tec 6 vaporizer:


•Make sure that the vaporizer is under the Tec 6 electrical outlet.
•Make sure that the vaporizer is connected to an electrical outlet.
•Hold down the alarm silence switch for a minimum of four seconds.
•Make sure all indicators come on and the alarm speaker starts.
•Release the alarm silence switch.
•Do not continue until the operational indicator comes on. The
concentration control will not turn if the operational indicator is off.
6. Try to turn on more than one vaporizer at the same time:
•Test each possible combination.
•If more than one vaporizer turns on at the same time, remove the
vaporizers, install them again, and complete steps 1 through 6.

Breathing system tests Refer to the applicable operation and maintenance manuals.
At a minimum:
1. Make sure that the auxiliary equipment (humidifier, etc.) operates
correctly.
2. Absorbers with active scavenging have a flow tube on the side. Make sure
that it shows a flow in the green (normal) region.
3. With a circle breathing module, push the drain button for 10 seconds or
more to drain condensate into the absorber.
AB.23.100

1006-0938-000 A-19
Aestiva

4. Make sure that the one-way valves (breathing circuit module) work
correctly.
• The inspiratory check valve rises during inspiration and falls at the start
of expiration.
• The expiratory check valve rises during expiration and fall at the start of
inspiration.
Note: The Bain/Mapleson D circuit module does not have one-way valves.

w WARNING Objects in the breathing system can stop gas flow to the patient.
This can cause injury or death:

• On Circle systems, press the drain button for a minimum of 10


seconds to remove moisture buildup.
• Do not use a test plug that is small enough to fall into the
breathing system.

w WARNING Make sure that there are no test plugs or other objects caught in the
breathing system.
5. Test the ventilator circuit for leaks:
•Set the Bag/Vent switch to Vent.
•Set all flow controls to minimum.
•Set the system switch to Standby.
•Close the breathing circuit at the patient connection. Use your hand or
an approved test plug located in the handle of the breathing system.
•Push flush to fill the bellows.
•The pressure must not increase to more than 15 cmH2O on the gauge.
•If the bellows falls more than 100 mL/min, it has a leak. Refer to the
troubleshooting procedure in the Setup, Maintenance and
Troubleshooting manual.
•Turn on the system.
6. Test the Bag circuit for leaks:
•Set the Bag/Vent switch to Bag.
•Close the APL valve.
•Set the O2 flow to 250 mL/min.
•Close the patient connection (hand or test plug) and inflate the bag
(flush) to 30 cmH2O.

A-20 1006-0938-000
Appendix - Preoperative Tests

•Release the flush button. The pressure must not decrease. A pressure
decrease large enough to see on the gauge indicates a leak. Look for
and repair the leak (loose drain plug, open canister, breathing circuit
assembly not pushed on completely).
•If your system has CO2 bypass, move the absorber canister release to
the open position and do this test again to look for leaks in the bypass.
Note: If the message window shows “Close absorber canister”, you DO
NOT have a CO2 bypass. Close the canisters and do step 6 again.
7. Test the APL valve:
•Fully close the APL valve.
•Set the total fresh gas flow to 3.0 L/min and make sure that the value on
the inspiratory pressure gauge is less than approximately 82 cmH 2O.
•Fully open the APL valve.
•Make sure that the value on the inspiratory pressure gauge decreases to
approximately zero.
•Push the flush button and make sure that the value on the inspiratory
pressure gauge stays near zero.
•Set the O2 flow to minimum and make sure that the value on the
inspiratory pressure gauge does not decrease below 0 cmH 2O.
8. Remove your hand (or the test plug - step 5) from the patient connection.

Monitor and ventilator 1. Connect a test lung to the patient connection.


tests 2. Set the Bag/Vent switch to Vent.
3. Set the controls:
•Ventilation Mode: Volume control (Select from main menu)
•Ventilator:
Tidal Vol: 400 ml
Rate: 12
I:E Ratio: 1:2
Plimit: 40 cmH2O
PEEP: Off
•Anesthesia Machine
O2 flow: minimum flow (25-75 mL/min)
All other gases: Off
Push flush to fill the bellows.
4. Make sure that:
•Mechanical ventilation starts.
•A subatmospheric pressure alarm does not occur.
Note: With active gas scavenging, too much scavenging flow can cause
subatmospheric alarms.

1006-0938-000 A-21
Aestiva

•The ventilator displays the correct data.


•The bellows inflate and deflate during mechanical ventilation.
5. Set the O2 flow control to 5 L/min.
6. Make sure that:
•The end expiratory pressure is approximately 0 cmH2O.
Note: Positive end expiratory pressure when PEEP is Off, may indicate
that the scavenging system is not removing enough gas.
•The ventilator displays the correct data.
•The bellows inflate and deflate during mechanical ventilation.
7. Set the ventilator controls and alarm limits to clinically appropriate levels.
8. If the system will not be used immediately, set the system switch to
Standby and close all cylinder valves.
9. Make sure that you have:
•Equipment for airway maintenance, manual ventilation, tracheal
intubation, and IV administration.
•Applicable anesthetic and emergency drugs.

10. Prepare the system:


•Turn all vaporizers off.
•Open the APL valve.
•Set the Bag/Vent switch to Bag.
•Set all flow controls to minimum.
•Set sufficient patient suction.
•Make sure that the breathing system is correctly connected and not
damaged.

w WARNINGS Make sure that the breathing circuit is correctly connected and not
damaged.

Before you connect a patient, flush the anesthesia machine with


5 L/min of O2 for at least one minute. This removes unwanted
mixtures and by-products from the system.

A-22 1006-0938-000
Index

A Bag/vent switch
location 2-5
About ventilator Bellows
show service settings 2-17 location 2-5
About Ventilator... 3-32 Brake
AGSS function of 2-3
connecting 3-34, 3-35 Breathing circuit Module
operation, active 3-33 location 2-5
Alarm Breathing circuit module
tone indicates priority 3-26 display 2-11
Alarm limits Breathing system
how to set 3-9 controls 2-5
show or hide option 2-17 Breathing system tests A-19
show/hide 3-5
Alarm settings
C
menu function 2-17
Alarm Settings menu 3-9, 3-11 Canister release
cardiac bypass 3-13 function 2-7
Alarm silence location 2-5
function 2-12 Cardiac bypass
location 2-11 function 2-17
Alarm volume how to use 3-12
adjust 3-3 Check valves
Alarms location 2-5
silence 3-26 Circuit breakers
Alarms messages location 2-4
display area for 2-11 Circuit compliance
Altitude 3-31 how to measure 3-30
APL valve Circuit leak audio 3-11
function 2-6 turn on or off 2-17
location 2-5 CO2 bypass
Apnea alarm function 2-7
off during cardiac bypass 3-12 CO2 Bypass operation 2-21
Audible alarm for circuit leaks 3-11 Control knob
Auxiliary gas outlet location 2-11
location 2-5 Control settings
On/off 2-5 display 2-11
Stops ventilation 3-14
Auxiliary outlet D
switch function 2-8
Default settings 3-31
Drain plug
B
function 2-7
Bag arm Drive gas 3-31
adjust position 2-6
location 2-5 E
Bag/Vent switch
function 2-6 Electrical outlet
how to stop mech vent 3-15 location 2-4
start mechanical ventilation 3-14

1006-0938-000 I-1
Aestiva

End case key Mains inlet


function 2-13 location 2-4
location 2-11 Measured values
display 2-11
F Mechanical ventilation
how to start 3-1, 3-14
Flow control tests A-7 how to stop 3-15
Flow controls 2-2 Menu
function of 2-3 how to change menu settings 2-18
Flow Sensor how to change settings 2-18
location 2-5 how to use 2-15
Flowmeter (external O2) menu map 2-16
controls 2-20 what different functions do 2-17
location 2-19 Menu key
function 2-12
G location 2-11
Gas machine Minimum system 3-26
controls 2-2 Modes
Gauge Pressure Control 3-20
airway pressure 2-5 PSVPro 3-21
cylinder pressure 2-2 SIMV 3-20
pipeline pressure 2-2 Volume Control 3-20
Gooseneck lamp Monitor and ventilator tests A-21
location 2-2
O
H O2 flush
Heliox function of 2-3
adjust patient data for heliox 3-7 O2 sensor
Heliox mode location 2-5
function 2-17 O2 sensor cal
function 2-17
I Options 1-2

I P
E ratio 3-19
Inspiratory pause PEEP 3-19, 3-21
function 2-17 Pinspired 3-19
how to set 3-22 Pipeline and cylinder supplies A-5
Pipeline connection
L location 2-4
Plimit 3-19
Light Pneumatic outlet
switch 2-2 location 2-4
turn on and off 2-3 Power failure alarm A-9
Low pressure leak test A-12 Power-up screen 3-2
Preoperative checklist 4-1
M Preoperative test
power failure test A-9
Mains indicator
location 2-11

I-2 1006-0938-000
Index

Preoperative tests T
before every patient A-16
breathing system tests A-19 Tidal volume 3-20
Every day A-3 Tinspired 3-19
Every time a different clinician uses the system A-12
flow controls A-7 U
monitor and ventilator tests A-21 Units
pipeline and cylinder supplies A-5 show/hide option 2-17
recommended intervals A-2
vaporizer back pressure A-8 V
vaporizer installation A-18
ventilator alarms A-10 Vap. alarm silence
Pressure control ventilation 3-16 tec 6 key 2-9
Pressure waveform 3-27 Vap. concentration control
Pressure control 3-28 function 2-9
PSVPro 3-29 Vap. Lock lever
scales 3-27 function 2-9
SIMV 3-29 Vaporizer
Volume control 3-28 controls 2-9
Psupport 3-19 Vaporizer back pressure test A-8
PSVPro Vaporizer installation A-18
controls 3-24 VE auto limits 3-9
Ventilation mode
R display 2-11
how to set 3-16
Rate 3-19 ventilator 3-18
Ventilator alarm tests A-10
S Ventilator controls 3-19
Screen and audio how to set 2-14, 3-18
menu option 2-17 location 2-11
Screen and Audio menu 3-3, 3-5 Ventilator fuse
Service settings location 2-4
how to show 3-31 Ventilator status
Setup/calibration display 2-11
menu options 2-17 Volume alarm key
Setup/Calibration menu 3-7, 3-22, 3-31 function 2-12
Shelf weight limit A-3 location 2-11
Show/hide Volume alarms
alarm limits 3-4 how to turn on and off 3-8
units 3-4 Volume control ventilation 3-16
SIMV Vt comp off 3-26
controls 3-24
Software version 3-31
Suction regulator
controls 2-20
location 2-19
System switch 2-2
function of 2-3
turn on 3-2

1006-0938-000 I-3
Aestiva

I-4 1006-0938-000
Warranty
This Product is sold by Datex-Ohmeda under the warranties set forth in the
following paragraphs. Such warranties are extended only with respect to the
purchase of this Product directly from Datex-Ohmeda or Datex-Ohmeda’s
Authorized Dealers as new merchandise and are extended to the Buyer
thereof, other than for the purpose of resale.
For a period of twelve (12) months from the date of original delivery to Buyer or
to Buyer’s order, but in no event for a period of more than two years from the
date of original delivery by Datex-Ohmeda to a Datex-Ohmeda Authorized
Dealer, this Product, other than its expendable parts, is warranted against
functional defects in materials and workmanship and to conform to the
description of the Product contained in this User’s Reference manual and
accompanying labels and/or inserts, provided that the same is properly
operated under the conditions of normal use, that regular periodic
maintenance and service is performed and that replacements and repairs are
made in accordance with the instructions provided. This same warranty is
made for a period of thirty (30) days with respect to expendable parts. The
foregoing warranties shall not apply if the Product has been repaired other
than by Datex-Ohmeda or in accordance with written instructions provided by
Datex-Ohmeda, or altered by anyone other than Datex-Ohmeda, or if the
Product has been subject to abuse, misuse, negligence, or accident.
Datex-Ohmeda’s sole and exclusive obligation and Buyer’s sole and exclusive
remedy under the above warranties is limited to repairing or replacing, free of
charge, at Datex-Ohmeda’s option, a Product, which is telephonically
reported to the nearest Datex-Ohmeda Customer Service Center and which, if
so advised by Datex-Ohmeda, is thereafter returned with a statement of the
observed deficiency, not later than seven (7) days after the expiration date of
the applicable warranty, to the Datex-Ohmeda Customer Service and
Distribution Center during normal business hours, transportation charges
prepaid, and which, upon Datex-Ohmeda’s examination, is found not to
conform with above warranties. Datex-Ohmeda shall not be otherwise liable
for any damages including but not limited to incidental damages,
consequential damages, or special damages.
There are no express or implied warranties which extend beyond the
warranties hereinabove set forth. Datex-Ohmeda makes no warranty of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose with respect to the product
or parts thereof.
Aestiva/5
Operation Manual,
English
1006 0938 000
10 03 C 02 13 07
Printed in USA
©Datex-Ohmeda, Inc.
All rights reserved