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UNIT 7:

REVIEW

OBJECTIVES:
1. To review some learned skills and materials
2. To establish mastery of learned skills and
materials
Comprehending or
Understanding a Text
As a summary of what have been learned in the
previous units by having several types of exercises,
you are expected to have mastery on the following :

A. Reading skills:
Skimming to find the topic and the main idea of a
text
Scanning to find specific pieces of information
Finding referents
Guessing meaning of unknown word
Building Vocabulary: a. Affixation
b. Parts of Speech
Listing and Process
B.GRAMMAR
Present Tenses:
(Simple, Continuous, and Perfect)

Past Tenses:
(Simple, Continuous, and Perfect)

Future Tenses:
(Simple Future)
Passive Voice
Noun Clause
Noun Phrases
Exercise 1
The relationship of economics to history is rather
different from that of the other social sciences. Curious
as it may sound, this relationship in many respects
comes close to that between history and literature.
Economics, after all, is the science (in the broad
meaning of the term) of something which men actually
do. Even if the science did not exist, men would still
make economic decisions, economic predictions, and
participate in the various forms of economic
organization which, in part, it is the economists function
to describe. Similarly, the disciplined study of literature
is concerned with something which men would also do
anyway even if the disciplined study did not exist:
compose poems, act out dramas, write novels, and read
them. Political science, or the discipline of politics, has
it is true, many similarities to economics, particularly
where it is concerned with generalization about political
structures.
Choose the best answer.
1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
a. Economics interrelationship with other subjects
b. The similarity between economics and politics
c. History and literatures curious relationship
d. A definition of economics

2. History is related to economics .


a. Just as political science is related to economics
b. In many different kinds of ways
c. In a different way from its relationship to literature
d. In the same way as it is related to literature

3. The word broad (line 5) is closest in meaning to


which of the following?
a. Vague b. typical c. popular d. general
4. Economics look at .
a. peoples real life behavior
b. all kinds of decision making
c. the description of historical events
d. broad aspects of organization over time

5. The word that (line 1) refers to


a. Economics b. history
c. the other social sciences d. the relationship

6. Studying literature involves


a. putting poems and plays to music
b. looking at some normal
c. reading and writing novels
d. much hard work activities of man

7. Where in the passage does the author describe


economics?
a. lines 1 2 b. lines 3 4 c. lines 7 9 d. lines 9 11
Decide if the following statement is
TRUE or FALSE according to the text
above.
8. The word it (line 2) refers to social sciences.
9. The word that (line 3) refers to relationship.
10. The word it (line 7) refers to nothing.
11. Political science is an example of social sciences.
12. Economics and literature have some similarities.
13. Economics means the science of something men
really do.
14. Economics is the same as literature.
15. Like history, economics is concerned with
generalization.
Read the passage and answer the
questions below.
Prakash Hebber is a senior researcher at Masterfood,
USA. He is showing a chocolate fruit in the garden owned
by the Department of Agriculture in Beltsville, Maryland,
Thursday (16/8/2005). The US Government is campaigning
chocolate, which has so far been misperceived as having
a high content of cholesterol and not good for health.
However, in fact, chocolate is good for maintaining the
function of heart; thus it is no longer necessary to avoid
chocolate candies and brownies cakes. Chocolate fruit
contains the antioxidant compound called flavanol. Some
researchers have also showed that flavanol is also good
for blood vessels. The problem is that the compound
makes the chocolate taste bitter so that chocolate
producers spend years to remove the bitter taste.
(Translated from Kompas 20/8/2005)
1. What is the topic of the passage?

2. The main idea of the passage is that


a. it is uncertain that chocolate products are not
good for health
b. flavanol, the antioxidant in the chocolate fruit, is
bitter
c. it is not true that chocolate products are not
good for health

3. Complete the following table.

What is NOT TRUE about What is TRUE about


chocolate: chocolate:

a. a.
b. b.
4. What do the words He (line 2) and which (line 6) refer to?

5. Why does chocolate taste bitter?

6. That is the effect of the bitter taste for chocolate producers?

7. What does the prefix mis mean in the word misperceived


(line 5) and you guess the meaning of the word?

8. What tenses are used in the following tenses?


a. The US government is campaigning chocolate.
b. Chocolate fruit contains the antioxidant compound called
flavanol.
c. Some researchers have also showed that flavanol is also
good for blood vessels.

9. Find in the passage:


a. a passive voice
b. a noun clause
c. an adjective clause
Read the following text and answer
the questions that follow
Obesity is a huge problem in many Western
countries and one which now attarcts considerable
medical interest as researchers take up the challenge
to find a curefor the common condition of being
seriously overweight. However, rather than take
responsibility for their weight, obese people have often
solace in the excuse that they a slow metabolism, a
genetic hiccup which sentences more than half the
Australian population (63% of men and 37% of women)
to a life of battling with their weight. The argument
goes like this: it doesnt matter how little they eat, they
gain weight because their bodies break down food and
turn it into energy more slowly than those with a so-
called normal metabolic rate.
A. Choose the best answer.
Cross (X) a, b, c on your answer sheet.
1. The controlling idea of the paragraph is.......................
a huge problem b. onsiderable
c. seriously over weight

2. The main idea of the paragraph is stated in the


............sentence.
a. first b. Second c. third

3. The word one on line 1 refers to...............


a. Obesity b. problem c. country

4. The part of speech of the word sentences line 5 is


a (n).............
a. noun b. Verb c. adjective

5. The verb form of the word responsibility line 6 is..........


a. responsibly b. Responsible c. respond
6. According to the obese people their obesity results
from a/an..............
a. normal metabolic rate
b. abnormal metabolic rate
c. excessive meal

7. Researchers try to discover a(n)...........for the obesity.


a. cure b. solace c. excuse

8. Which of the following is not mentioned as the


excuse of the people in Western countries for their
obesity problem?
a. having a slow metabolism
b. having a genetic hiccup
c. having a bad eating habit
B. Decide whether the following statement
is TRUE or FALSE according to the text
above.

1. The word its (line 2) refers to the Pliocene


Age.
2. The word which (line 6) refers to the
hipparion.
3. The word they (line 10) refers to the
anchitheres and the hipparion.
4. The word it (line 11) refers to Europe.
5. The word it (line 1) refers to nothing.
Choose the correct verb form
1. They (a. realize b. realized c. are realizing) that they should study hard.

2. Our classmates (a. are b. were c. have been) very helpful yesterday.

3. This university (a. has b. had c. will have) a new faculty next year.

4. The ladies (a. are attending b. have attended c. attend) such kind of
seminars several times.

5. We (a. do not come b. did not come c. had not come) late to the English
class a week ago.

6. When we entered the room, he (a. explains b. has expalined c. was


explaining) Unit 3.

7. These students (a. studied b. were studying c. have studied) at IPB last
month.

8. We (a. have got b. got c. get) the result of the test a week ago.

9. The success of this system (a. depends b. has depended c. is depending)


on many things.

10. She (a. will come b. was coming c. come) when we arrived.
Complete the following with an
appropriate verb from the list. Beware of
tenses.
a. come c. do e. Have g. stand i. swim
b. cry d. jog f. study h. walk j. play

1. The children __________ in the background right now.


2. When I left the house he __________ in his own room.
3. The chief police officer __________ in front of the people that were
protesting against the new traffic regulations.
4. When he __________, please tell him to see me soon.
5. You can __________ whenever you like. I cannot stop you.
6. The little girl __________ because she lost her mother in the crowd.
7. Do not __________ over there. The stream is dangerous.
8. When we __________ in the park, we met our old friend.
9. I am sorry I am late. My car __________ a flat tire on the way here.
10.To keep his body healthy he always __________ every morning.