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The Fox and the Grapes

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A hungry Fox saw some bunches of delicious grape hanging from the vine trained along a high trellis. The Fox did his best
to reach the grapes by jumping as high as he could. But it was all in vain, for the bunches were just out of reach (of the
Fox.; ; fox ) So the Fox gave up trying and left the place (: walked away
; away ) with an air of dignity ( ; ) and unconcern,
saying I thought those grapes were ripe, but now I see that they are sour.

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A hungry Fox [1912 ; , (, Grapes


) . ] saw some fine bunches of Grapes
hanging from a vine that was trained [ , , ] along a high trellis, [
; ] and did his best to reach them by jumping as high as he could into the air. But
it was all in vain, for [=because because , ] they were just out
of reach: so he gave up trying, and walked away with an air of dignity and unconcern, remarking, [ ,
saying / remarking + ; ~ ] "I thought [~ ;
knew thought; thought
] those Grapes were ripe, but I see now they are quite sour.

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The Goose that Laid Golden Eggs

A man and his wife had the good fortune to possess a Goose that laid golden eggs every day. Lucky though they were,
soon they came to think that they were not getting rich fast enough, then imaging that the bird was made of gold inside,
they determined to kill the Goose in order to secure the precious metal at once. But when they cut it open, it was just the
same as the other Geese. So they did not get rich suddenly as they had hoped, nor could they receive the gift added to
their wealth every day.

Much wants more and loses all.

A Man and his Wife had the good fortune to possess a Goose which laid a Golden Egg every day. Lucky though they were,
they soon began to think they were not getting rich fast enough, and, imagining the bird must be made of gold inside,
they decided to kill it in order to secure the whole store of precious metal at once. But when they cut it open they found
it was just like any other goose. Thus, they neither got rich all at once, as they had hoped, nor enjoyed any longer the
daily addition to their wealth.

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The Cat and the Mouse

Once a House was overrun with Mice. A Cat heard this and said to herself, That is just the place for me. Then she went
and secured a place for her in the House, and killed and ate Mice one by one. At last the Mice could stand it no longer,
and determined to flee to a hole and stay there. This is not good, the Cat said to herself, All I can do is trick the Mice out
of the hole. So she considered for a while, then climbed up a wall and hanging her legs on a peg, pretended to be dead.
At last a Mouse peeked out, and saw the Cat hanging there. Aha! cried the Mouse. You are so clever, Maam. But Maam,
if you please, you may turn yourself into a bag of food hanging there, but still you wont be able to wait for us to come
near you to catch us.

If you are a wise man, you will not be tricked by pretention of innocence of someone who you already knew was
dangerous.

There was once a house that was overrun with Mice. A Cat heard of this, and said to herself, "That's the place for me," and
off she went and took up her quarters in the house, and caught the Mice one by one and ate them. At last the Mice could
stand it no longer, and they determined to take to their holes and stay there. "That's awkward," said the Cat to herself:
"the only thing to do is to coax them out by a trick." So she considered a while, and then climbed up the wall and let
herself hang down by her hind legs from a peg, and pretended to be dead. By and by a Mouse peeped out and saw the
Cat hanging there. "Aha!" it cried, "you're very clever, madam, no doubt: but you may turn yourself into a bag of meal
hanging there, if you like, yet you won't catch us coming anywhere near you."

If you are wise you won't be deceived by the innocent airs of those whom you have once found to be dangerous.


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The Mice in Council

Once all the Mice met together for a Council to discuss the best way of defending themselves against the attack of a Cat.
After some proposals were debated, a Mouse with a great position and experience got up and said, I think I came up with
a way to secure the safety of our future. That is to attach a bell on the neck of our enemy the Cat. Then the bell will tinkle
to warn us of her approach. This proposal was warmly applauded and soon determined to be adopted, then an old Mouse
got to his feet and said, I agree with you all that the plan proposed to us is an excellent one. But may I ask one question?
Who will bell the cat?

Once upon a time all the Mice met together in Council, and discussed the best means of securing themselves against the
attacks of the cat. After several suggestions had been debated, a Mouse of some standing and experience got up and said,
"I think I have hit upon a plan which will ensure our safety in the future, provided you approve and carry it out. It is that
we should fasten a bell round the neck of our enemy the cat, which will by its tinkling warn us of her approach." This
proposal was warmly applauded, and it had been already decided to adopt it, when an old Mouse got upon his feet and
said, "I agree with you all that the plan before us is an admirable one: but may I ask who is going to bell the cat?"

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The Bat and the Weasel

A Bat fell to the ground to be caught by a Weasel and about to be eaten when he begged the Weasel to let him go. The
Weasel said that he could not do that because he was an enemy of all the birds in principle. Oh, but, said the Bat, Im
not a bird at all. Im a rat. So you are, said the Weasel, Now that I see you again. Then he let the Bat go. After some
time the Bat was caught by another weasel in the same way, and he begged to save his life as he had done before. No
way, said the Weasel, I never let a rat go by any chance. But Im not a rat, said the Bat, Im a bird. Huh, so you are, said
the Weasel and let him go free.

Look to see which way the wind blows, and then decide on your position.

A Bat fell to the ground and was caught by a Weasel, and was just going to be killed and eaten when it begged to be let
go. [ let ] The Weasel said he couldn't do that because he was
an enemy of all birds on principle. "Oh, but," said the Bat, "I'm not a bird at all: I'm a mouse." "So you are," said the
Weasel, "now I come to look at you"; and he let it go. Some time after this the Bat was caught in just the same way by
another Weasel, and, as before, begged for its life. "No," said the Weasel, "I never let a mouse go by any chance." "But I'm
not a mouse," said the Bat; "I'm a bird." "Why, so you are," said the Weasel; and he too let the Bat go.

Look and see which way the wind blows before you commit yourself.

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The Fox and the Crow

A Crow was sitting on the branch of a tree with a piece of cheese in her beak when a Fox saw her and set to come up
with a plan to get the cheese. Coming near the tree, standing below and looking up, the Fox said: I see above a graceful
bird indeed! Nothing compares to her beauty, and the hue of her plumage is excellent. If her voice is as fine as her
beautiful appearance, no doubt she is the queen of all the birds. Flattered by the words, the Crow cawed aloud to show
the Fox that she could sing. Down came the cheese, of course, which the Fox fetched and said: I know you have a voice,
Madam. What you want is wits.

want = = lack ; ; =

A Crow was sitting on a branch of a tree with a piece of cheese in her beak when a Fox observed her and set his wits to
work to discover some way of getting the cheese. Coming and standing under the tree he looked up and said, "What a
noble bird I see above me! Her beauty is without equal, the hue of her plumage exquisite. If only her voice is as sweet as
her looks are fair, she ought without doubt to be Queen of the Birds." The Crow was hugely flattered by this, and just to
show the Fox that she could sing she gave a loud caw. Down came the cheese, of course, and the Fox, snatching it up,
said, "You have a voice, madam, I see: what you want is wits."


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The Wolf and the Lamb

A Wolf found a Lamb who was straying from the herd and, feeling compunction about killing such a helpless creature
without a good excuse, he searched for some excuse and said at last, You rascal, you insulted me last year. That cannot
happen, Wolf. bleated the Lamb. I was not born last year. Anyway, replied the Wolf, You feed on my pastures. That is
impossible, said the Lamb, I have never tasted any grass. Then, you drink from my spring, continued the Wolf. Lord,
please, said the poor Lamb, I have never drunk anything but Moms milk. Well, anyway, said the Wolf, Im not going to
skip my dinner. Then without further ado the Wolf sprang upon the Lamb and killed her.

A Wolf came upon a Lamb straying from the flock, and felt some compunction about taking the life of so helpless a
creature without some plausible excuse; so he cast about for a grievance and said at last, "Last year, sirrah, you grossly
insulted me." "That is impossible, sir," bleated the Lamb, "for I wasn't born then." "Well," retorted the Wolf, "you feed in my
pastures." "That cannot be," replied the Lamb, "for I have never yet tasted grass." "You drink from my spring, then,"
continued the Wolf. "Indeed, sir," said the poor Lamb, "I have never yet drunk anything but my mother's milk." "Well,
anyhow," said the Wolf, "I'm not going without my dinner": and he sprang upon the Lamb and devoured it without more
ado.

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peacock he ) . . .
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(peacock; cock; ; )

The Peacock and the Crane

A Peacock saw a Crane and laughed at him for his dull plumage. Look at my brilliant colors, said the Peacock, See how
they are more beautiful than your poor feathers. Im not denying, retorted the Crane, Surely your plumage is much
better than mine. But when it comes to flying, I can soar into the clouds, while you are bound on earth just like any other
cock walking around dunghills.

A Peacock taunted a Crane with the dullness of her plumage. "Look at my brilliant colours," said she, "and see how much
finer they are than your poor feathers." "I am not denying," replied the Crane, "that yours are far gayer than mine; but
when it comes to flying I can soar into the clouds, whereas you are confined to the earth like any dunghill cock.

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The Cat and the Birds

A Cat heard that the Birds in the aviary were ailing. So dressed up as a doctor and equipped with tools fit for the
profession, he stood outside the door of the aviary and inquired after the health of the birds. We will be very healthy,
said the Birds without letting him in. If we have seen the last of you.

THE CAT AND THE BIRDS


A Cat heard that the Birds in an aviary were ailing. So he got himself up as a doctor, and, taking with him a set of the
instruments proper to his profession, presented himself at the door, and inquired after the health of the Birds. "We shall do
very well," they replied, without letting him in, "when we've seen the last of you."

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The Spendthrift and the Swallow

A Spendthrift who had wasted his fortune stood in his only clothing one fine spring day when he saw a Swallow. Thinking
that summer had come and that now he could do without his coat, he went and sold it for some money it would bring
him. But the weather changed, and the cold frost killed the unfortunate swallow. The Spendthrift saw the body of the
Swallow and cried, Damn Swallow! Thanks to you Im going to freeze to death.

A Spendthrift, who had wasted his fortune, and had nothing left but the clothes in which he stood, saw a Swallow one fine
day in early spring. Thinking that summer had come, and that he could now do without his coat, he went and sold it for
what it would fetch. A change, however, took place in the weather, and there came a sharp frost which killed the
unfortunate Swallow. When the Spendthrift saw its dead body he cried, "Miserable bird! Thanks to you I am perishing of
cold myself."

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The Old Woman and the Doctor

An Old Woman, whose eyes got so bad that she was almost blind, consulted a doctor. Then she made an agreement with
him in front of witnesses that if the Doctor cured her illness, she would pay him a good deal, and that if he failed, he
could not get paid at all. So the Doctor diagnosed a course of cure, and every time he paid her a visit, he took one thing
from her house, until at his last visit when she was completely cured, there was nothing left in there. When the Old
Woman saw that her house was empty, she refused to pay the Doctor, and after repeated refusals, he filed a suit to the
magistrate to make her pay her debt. Appearing at the court, she was ready for her defense. The plaintiff, she said,
correctly stated the facts about our agreement. I promised to pay the Doctor if he cures me, and the Doctor, on his part,
promised that he would charge no fee if he failed. Now he says I am cured, but I say I am more blind than ever. I can
prove that. When I had poor eyesight, at least I could see well enough to know that I have some furniture and other
things in my house. According to the Doctor, I am completely cured, but I see nothing in my house at all.

An Old Woman became almost totally blind from a disease of the eyes, and, after consulting a Doctor, made an
agreement with him in the presence of witnesses that she should pay him a high fee if he cured her, while if he failed he
was to receive nothing. The Doctor accordingly prescribed a course of treatment, and every time he paid her a visit he
took away with him some article out of the house, until at last, when he visited her for the last time, and the cure was
complete, there was nothing left. When the Old Woman saw that the house was empty she refused to pay him his fee;
and, after repeated refusals on her part, he sued her before the magistrates for payment of her debt. On being brought
into court she was ready with her defence. "The claimant," said she, "has stated the facts about our agreement correctly. I
undertook to pay him a fee if he cured me, and he, on his part, promised to charge nothing if he failed. Now, he says I am
cured; but I say that I am blinder than ever, and I can prove what I say. When my eyes were bad I could at any rate see
well enough to be aware that my house contained a certain amount of furniture and other things; but now, when
according to him I am cured, I am entirely unable to see anything there at all.

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The Moon and her Mother

Once the Moon begged her mother to make her a gown. How can I? she replied. I cant fit your figure. At one time you
are a crescent moon, at another time you are a full moon, and in between you are neither.

The Moon once begged her Mother to make her a gown. "How can I?" replied she; "there's no fitting your figure. At one
time you're a New Moon, and at another you're a Full Moon; and between whiles you're neither one nor the other."

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Mercury and the Woodman

A Woodman was felling a tree on the river bank when the ax missed the trunk, flying from the Woodmans hand and
falling into the water. The Woodman stood on the bank lamenting his loss when Mercury appeared and asked him the
reason for his lamentation. Hearing what happened and feeling pity for the poor Woodman, Mercury dived into the river,
brought up a golden ax and asked if that was the one he lost. The Woodman said no, then Mercury dived into the water a
second time, brought up a silver ax and asked if that was his. No, thats not mine neither, said the Woodman. Mercury
dived once more and brought up the lost ax. The Woodman, glad to recover his ax, thanked Mercury warmly, and the
latter, pleased with his honesty, gave him the other two axes as presents. When the Woodman told his companions this
story, one of them, jealous of his luck, determined to try his luck. So he went to the river bank, began to fell a tree, and
after a while contrived to drop his ax into the water. As before, Mercury appeared, heard what happened, and dived into
the river to bring up a golden ax. This fellow cried without waiting to be asked if it was his: Thats mine, thats mine! and
desperately outstretched his hand as if to receive some award. But Mercury, disgusted with his dishonesty, not only
refused to give him the golden ax, but also refused to recover the ax that he had dropped into the river.
A Woodman was felling a tree on the bank of a river, when his axe, glancing off the trunk, flew out of his hands and fell
into the water. As he stood by the water's edge lamenting his loss, Mercury appeared and asked him the reason for his
grief; and on learning what had happened, out of pity for his distress he dived into the river and, bringing up a golden
axe, asked him if that was the one he had lost. The Woodman replied that it was not, and Mercury then dived a second
time, and, bringing up a silver axe, asked if that was his. "No, that is not mine either," said the Woodman. Once more
Mercury dived into the river, and brought up the missing axe. The Woodman was overjoyed at recovering his property,
and thanked his benefactor warmly; and the latter was so pleased with his honesty that he made him a present of the
other two axes. When the Woodman told the story to his companions, one of these was filled with envy of his good
fortune and determined to try his luck for himself. So he went and began to fell a tree at the edge of the river, and
presently contrived to let his axe drop into the water. Mercury appeared as before, and, on learning that his axe had fallen
in, he dived and brought up a golden axe, as he had done on the previous occasion. Without waiting to be asked whether
it was his or not the fellow cried, "That's mine, that's mine," and stretched out his hand eagerly for the prize: but Mercury
was so disgusted at his dishonesty that he not only declined to give him the golden axe, but also refused to recover for
him the one he had let fall into the stream

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The Ass, the Fox, and the Lion

An Ass and a Fox got into a partnership and set out together to forage for food. They had not gone long before they saw
a Lion coming their way and got dreadfully scared. But the Fox, thinking that there might be a way of saving his life,
boldly came near to the Lion and whispered in his hear: I will help you get the Ass without having to chasing him, if you
promise to let me go. The Lion agreed, and then the Fox led the Ass in the direction of a hidden pit, which some hunter
had dug to catch wild animals and into which the Ass fell. When the Lion saw that the Ass was secured and never to
escape, it was the Fox that he turned his attention to and killed quickly, and then he went leisurely to enjoy the Ass.

If you betray your friend, you will often find that you have ruined yourself.

THE ASS, THE FOX, AND THE LION


An Ass and a Fox went into partnership and sallied out to forage for food together. They hadn't gone far before they saw
a Lion coming their way, at which they were both dreadfully frightened. But the Fox thought he saw a way of saving his
own skin, and went boldly up to the Lion and whispered in his ear, "I'll manage that you shall get hold of the Ass without
the trouble of stalking him, if you'll promise to let me go free." The Lion agreed to this, and the Fox then rejoined his
companion and contrived before long to lead him by a hidden pit, which some hunter had dug as a trap for wild animals,
and into which he fell. When the Lion saw that the Ass was safely caught and couldn't get away, it was to the Fox that he
first turned his attention, and he soon finished him off, and then at his leisure proceeded to feast upon the Ass.

Betray a friend, and you'll often find you have ruined yourself.

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The Lion and the Mouse

A Lion sleeping in his lair was awakened by a Mouse running over his face. The angry Lion caught the Mouse with his paw
and was about to eat him when the frightened Mouse begged him to save his life. Please let me go, squeaked the Mouse.
And someday I will repay your favor. The idea that such a petty creature could do something for him was so ridiculous
that he laughed aloud and good-humoredly let him go. And the opportunity did come to the Mouse after all. One day
the Lion was entangled in a net which some hunters had laid for game and gave a furious roar, which the Mouse heard
and recognized as the voice of the Lion. He ran there and without much ado began to gnaw at the ropes until soon he
succeeded in setting the Lion free. Now you see, said the Mouse, You laughed at me when I said that I would repay you.
Now you can see that even a mouse can help a lion.

A Lion asleep in his lair was waked up by a Mouse running over his face. Losing his temper he seized it with his paw and
was about to kill it. The Mouse, terrified, piteously entreated him to spare its life. "Please let me go," it cried, "and one day
I will repay you for your kindness." The idea of so insignificant a creature ever being able to do anything for him amused
the Lion so much that he laughed aloud, and good-humouredly let it go. But the Mouse's chance came, after all. One day
the Lion got entangled in a net which had been spread for game by some hunters, and the Mouse heard and recognised
his roars of anger and ran to the spot. Without more ado it set to work to gnaw the ropes with its teeth, and succeeded
before long in setting the Lion free. "There!" said the Mouse, "you laughed at me when I promised I would repay you: but
now you see, even a Mouse can help a Lion

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The Crow and the Pitcher

A thirsty Crow found a Pitcher with a little water in it. But there was so little water that no matter how hard he tried he
could not reach it with his beak, and it seemed that he was going to die of thirst when the way of quenching it was right
in front of him. At last he hit upon a good idea: he began to drop pebbles into the Pitcher. With each pebble in the
Pitcher the water got a little higher until it reached the brim and the clever bird was able to quench his thirst.

A thirsty Crow found a Pitcher with some water in it, but so little was there that, try as she might, she could not reach it
with her beak, and it seemed as though she would die of thirst within sight of the remedy. At last she hit upon a clever
plan. She began dropping pebbles into the Pitcher, and with each pebble the water rose a little higher until at last it
reached the brim, and the knowing bird was enabled to quench her thirst.


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The Boys and the Frogs

Some mischievous boys were playing by a pond when they found some frogs swimming in the shallow water and began
to amuse themselves by throwing stones at them and killing some. At last one of the frogs put his head out of the water
and said, Oh, stop, stop it! I beg you. What is play to you is death to us.

Some mischievous Boys were playing on the edge of a pond, and, catching sight of some Frogs swimming about in the
shallow water, they began to amuse themselves by pelting them with stones, and they killed several of them. At last one of
the Frogs put his head out of the water and said, "Oh, stop! stop! I beg of you: what is sport to you is death to us."

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The North Wind and the Sun

There was a debate between the north wind and the sun, and each of them claimed that he was stronger than the other.
At last they agreed to try their strength on a traveler to see which can strip him of his cloak faster. At first the north wind
set out to focus all his power on the attack, whirling upon the traveler, catching at his cloak as if to snatching it at once.
But the stronger the wind blew, the tighter he held on to his cloak. Next it was the suns turn. At first he beamed warmly
on the traveler, and he soon unclasped his cloak and walked on with the cloak loosely upon his shoulders. Then when the
sun emitted sunshine with all his might, he had not taken a few steps before he was glad to throw off his cloak and
complete his journey in a lighter clothing.

A dispute arose between the North Wind and the Sun, each claiming that he was stronger than the other. At last they
agreed to try their powers upon a traveller, to see which could soonest strip him of his cloak. The North Wind had the first
try; and, gathering up all his force for the attack, he came whirling furiously down upon the man, and caught up his cloak
as though he would wrest it from him by one single effort: but the harder he blew, the more closely the man wrapped it
round himself. Then came the turn of the Sun. At first he beamed gently upon the traveller, who soon unclasped his cloak
and walked on with it hanging loosely about his shoulders: then he shone forth in his full strength, and the man, before
he had gone many steps, was glad to throw his cloak right off and complete his journey more lightly clad.

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The mistress and her servants

A widow, thrifty and industrious, kept her two servants at pretty much work. They were not allowed to lie abed long in the
morning, and the old mistress had the servants up and working as soon as the cock crew. They hated having to get up so
early, especially at wintertime. Then they thought that they could sleep longer unless that crow woke the mistress so
ludicrously early. So they caught the crow and wrested his neck. But they were not prepared for the consequences, for
what happened afterwards was that the mistress, unable to hear the cock crow as usual, woke them earlier than ever and
had them start working in the middle of the night.

A Widow, thrifty and industrious, had two servants, whom she kept pretty hard at work. They were not allowed to lie long
abed in the mornings, but the old lady had them up and doing as soon as the cock crew. They disliked intensely having to
get up at such an hour, especially in winter-time: and they thought that if it were not for the cock waking up their Mistress
so horribly early, they could sleep longer. So they caught it and wrung its neck. But they weren't prepared for the
consequences. For what happened was that their Mistress, not hearing the cock crow as usual, waked them up earlier than
ever, and set them to work in the middle of the night.

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The Goods and the Evils

When the world was young, the goods and the evils equally concerned themselves with the affairs of Men, so that the
goods did not prevail to make Men wholly blessed, nor did the evils make Men totally miserable. But due to the
foolishness of mankind, the evils increased greatly in number and strength until it seemed that they would deprive the
goods of all the shares in the human affairs. So the latter went to heaven to complain to Jupiter about the treatment they
had received, to ask for the protection against the evils, and to be advised on the communication with Men. Jupiter
granted their request for protection, and commanded that in the future the goods should not go among Men openly in a
body so that they are vulnerable to the hostile attack of the evils, but go singly and inconspicuously at unexpected
intervals. Thus the earth was infested with the evils, for they come and go as they please and are hardly ever far away,
whereas, alas, the goods are rarely visible for they come one by one and have to go a long way from heaven

There was a time in the youth of the world when Goods and Ills entered equally into the concerns of men, so that the
Goods did not prevail to make them altogether blessed, nor the Ills to make them wholly miserable. But owing to the
foolishness of mankind the Ills multiplied greatly in number and increased in strength, until it seemed as though they
would deprive the Goods of all share in human affairs, and banish them from the earth. The latter, therefore, betook
themselves to heaven and complained to Jupiter of the treatment they had received, at the same time praying him to
grant them protection from the Ills, and to advise them concerning the manner of their intercourse with men. Jupiter
granted their request for protection, and decreed that for the future they should not go among men openly in a body,
and so be liable to attack from the hostile Ills, but singly and unobserved, and at infrequent and unexpected intervals.
Hence it is that the earth is full of Ills, for they come and go as they please and are never far away; while Goods, alas!
come one by one only, and have to travel all the way from heaven, so that they are very seldom seen.

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The Hares and the Frogs

Once the hares got together to lament the misfortune of their lot: they were exposed to danger on all sides, and they
lacked the strength and courage to carry on. Men, dogs, birds, and beasts of prey were all their enemies who killed and
ate them every day, so they decided unanimously that they would rather end their miserable lives than stand such plight.
Thus resolved and desperate, they rushed to a nearby pool to drown themselves. On the bank of the pond were sitting a
few frogs, who, hearing the hares running towards them, dived into the water at once in a body and hid themselves in the
depths. Then the old and wisest one of the hares cried to his companions: Stop, my friends, take heart. Dont let us
destroy ourselves. See, here are creatures who are afraid of us, therefore much more timid than we are.

The Hares once gathered together and lamented the unhappiness of their lot, exposed as they were to dangers on all
sides and lacking the strength and the courage to hold their own. Men, dogs, birds and beasts of prey were all their
enemies, and killed and devoured them daily: and sooner than endure such persecution any longer, they one and all
determined to end their miserable lives. Thus resolved and desperate, they rushed in a body towards a neighbouring pool,
intending to drown themselves. On the bank were sitting a number of Frogs, who, when they heard the noise of the Hares
as they ran, with one accord leaped into the water and hid themselves in the depths. Then one of the older Hares who
was wiser than the rest cried out to his companions, "Stop, my friends, take heart; don't let us destroy ourselves after all:
see, here are creatures who are afraid of us, and who must, therefore, be still more timid than ourselves.

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The Fox and the Stork


A fox invited a stork to dinner, at which there was only a large flat plate of soup. The fox enjoyed the soup, while the stork
with her long bill tried in vain to have the delicious broth. Her trouble evidently amused the cunning fox. But before long
the stork invited the fox, and put in front of him a pitcher with a long narrow neck, into which she was able to put her bill
with ease. Thus the stork enjoyed her dinner while the fox sat helpless and hungry, for it was impossible for him to reach
the attractive contents in the pitcher.

A Fox invited a Stork to dinner, at which the only fare provided was a large flat dish of soup. The Fox lapped it up with
great relish, but the Stork with her long bill tried in vain to partake of the savoury broth. Her evident distress caused the
sly Fox much amusement. But not long after the Stork invited him in turn, and set before him a pitcher with a long and
narrow neck, into which she could get her bill with ease. Thus, while she enjoyed her dinner, the Fox sat by hungry and
helpless, for it was impossible for him to reach the tempting contents of the vessel

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The Wolf in Sheeps Clothing

A wolf decided to disguise himself in order to prey upon a flock of sheep without the danger of detection. So he put on
sheepskin and when the sheep went out to the meadows, he slipped among them. He deceived the shepherd completely,
confined with the sheep when they were penned at night. But that night when that happened, the shepherd needed
mutton for the table, and in mistake of the wolf for a sheep, laid hands on him and killed him on the spot.

A Wolf resolved to disguise himself in order that he might prey upon a flock of sheep without fear of detection. So he
clothed himself in a sheepskin, and slipped among the sheep when they were out at pasture. He completely deceived the
shepherd, and when the flock was penned for the night he was shut in with the rest. But that very night as it happened,
the shepherd, requiring a supply of mutton for the table, laid hands on the Wolf in mistake for a Sheep, and killed him
with his knife on the spot.

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The Milkmaid and the Pail

A farmers daughter went out to milk a cow, and then was on the way back to the dairy carrying a pail of milk on her
head. As she was walking, she was enjoying fancy like this: This pail of milk will give me cream, which I will make into
butter and take to the market to sell. With the money I will buy some eggs, which will hatch and produce chickens, and
soon I will have quite a large chickenyard. Then I will sell some of them and with the money they bring I will buy myself a
new gown to wear to the fair. Then all the young men will admire it and come on to me, but I will toss my head and say
nothing. Forgetting the pail completely, she tossed her head as befit her words. Down went the pail, all the milk was spilt,
and her fantastic fancy vanished at once.

A farmer's daughter had been out to milk the cows, and was returning to the dairy carrying her pail of milk upon her head.
As she walked along, she fell a-musing after this fashion: "The milk in this pail will provide me with cream, which I will
make into butter and take to market to sell. With the money I will buy a number of eggs, and these, when hatched, will
produce chickens, and by and by I shall have quite a large poultry-yard. Then I shall sell some of my fowls, and with the
money which they will bring in I will buy myself a new gown, which I shall wear when I go to the fair; and all the young
fellows will admire it, and come and make love to me, but I shall toss my head and have nothing to say to them."
Forgetting all about the pail, and suiting the action to the word, she tossed her head. Down went the pail, all the milk was
spilled, and all her fine castles in the air vanished in a moment!
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Dolphins, Whales, and the Sprat

The dolphins got into a quarrel with the whales and before long they began fighting each other. The battle was so fierce
that it went on without a sign of ending until a sprat thought that perhaps he could stop the fight. So he interfered and
tried to persuade them to stop fighting and make up. But one of the dolphins said to him contemptuously, We would
rather keep on fighting until all of us are killed than be reconciled by a sprat like you!

The Dolphins quarrelled with the Whales, and before very long they began fighting with one another. The battle was very
fierce, and had lasted some time without any sign of coming to an end, when a Sprat thought that perhaps he could stop
it; so he stepped in and tried to persuade them to give up fighting and make friends. But one of the Dolphins said to him
contemptuously, "We would rather go on fighting till we're all killed than be reconciled by a Sprat like you!

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The Fox and the Monkey

A fox and a monkey were on the road when they got into a debate as to which was of the nobler blood. They kept
debating for some time until they got to a place which led to a cemetery full of monuments. The monkey stopped, looked
about and gave a great sigh. Why are you sighing? said the fox. The monkey replied, pointing to the tombs: The
monuments that you see here are all in honor of my forefathers, who were eminent. The fox was speechless for a while,
but coming to quickly and said. Ah! Stop at no lies, sir. You are very safe. I am sure that none of your ancestors will rise
from the tombs and expose you.

People brag most when they cannot be exposed.

A Fox and a Monkey were on the road together, and fell into a dispute as to which of the two was the better born. They
kept it up for some time, till they came to a place where the road passed through a cemetery full of monuments, when
the Monkey stopped and looked about him and gave a great sigh. "Why do you sigh?" said the Fox. The Monkey pointed
to the tombs and replied, "All the monuments that you see here were put up in honour of my forefathers, who in their
day were eminent men." The Fox was speechless for a moment, but quickly recovering he said, "Oh! don't stop at any lie,
sir; you're quite safe: I'm sure none of your ancestors will rise up and expose you."

Boasters brag most when they cannot be detected

( )

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The Ass and the Lap-dog

Once there was a man who kept an ass and a lap-dog. The ass was put in a stable, provided with plenty of oats and hay,
and was living as well as an ass could. The little dog was made a favorite pet by the master, who fondled him and often
laid him on his lap. And when he went out to dinner, he would return with a tidbit or two to give the dog when he ran
out to meet his master. The ass had a huge amount of work to do: carrying and grinding corn in the cart, and carrying the
loads of the farmyard. So he presently got very jealous, contrasting his life of labor and the ease and idleness of the lap-
dog. At last one day he broke the halter and ran into the house where his master sat for dinner, prancing and imitating
the frolicking of his favorite little pet, and in his awkward efforts upsetting the table and breaking the earthenware. At this
the servants saw the danger the master was in, and beat the foolish ass with sticks and clubs, and drove the half-dead
beast back to the stable. Alas! he cried. All this I brought upon myself. Why was I not happy with my natural and
honorable position, without wishing to imitate the frolicking of the useless little dog?

There was once a man who had an Ass and a Lap-dog. The Ass was housed in the stable with plenty of oats and hay to
eat and was as well off as an ass could be. The little Dog was made a great pet of by his master, who fondled him and
often let him lie in his lap; and if he went out to dinner, he would bring back a tit-bit or two to give him when he ran to
meet him on his return. The Ass had, it is true, a good deal of work to do, carting or grinding the corn, or carrying the
burdens of the farm: and ere long he became very jealous, contrasting his own life of labour with the ease and idleness of
the Lap-dog. At last one day he broke his halter, and frisking into the house just as his master sat down to dinner, he
pranced and capered about, mimicking the frolics of the little favourite, upsetting the table and smashing the crockery
with his clumsy efforts. Not content with that, he even tried to jump on his master's lap, as he had so often seen the dog
allowed to do. At that the servants, seeing the danger their master was in, belaboured the silly Ass with sticks and cudgels,
and drove him back to his stable half dead with his beating. "Alas!" he cried, "all this I have brought on myself. Why could
I not be satisfied with my natural and honourable position, without wishing to imitate the ridiculous antics of that useless
little Lap-dog?

The Fir tree and the Bramble

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A fir tree bragged to a bramble, saying a little contemptuously, You poor thing, you are useless. Look at me. I am useful
for all things, especially when people build houses. Then people cannot do without me. But the bramble replied: Ah, it is
all very well. But you wait until people come with axes and saws and cut you down, then you wish you were a bramble,
and not a fir tree.

Better poverty without woes than wealth with many obligations.

A Fir-tree was boasting to a Bramble, and said, somewhat contemptuously, "You poor creature, you are of no use whatever.
Now, look at me: I am useful for all sorts of things, particularly when men build houses; they can't do without me then."
But the Bramble replied, "Ah, that's all very well: but you wait till they come with axes and saws to cut you down, and then
you'll wish you were a Bramble and not a Fir."
Better poverty without a care than wealth with its many obligations

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The Frogs who Complain to the Sun

Once upon a time the sun set out to get himself a wife. The frogs were all frightened, and raised their voice toward the
sky. Disrupted by the noise, Jupiter asked them what they were croaking about. They replied, The sun is bad enough when
he is single, drying up our marshes with his heat. And what will become of us when he gets married and begets another
sun?

THE FROGS' COMPLAINT AGAINST THE SUN

Once upon a time the Sun was about to take to himself a wife. The Frogs in terror all raised their voices to the skies, and
Jupiter, disturbed by the noise, asked them what they were croaking about. They replied, "The Sun is bad enough even
while he is single, drying up our marshes with his heat as he does. But what will become of us if he marries and begets
other Suns?
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The Dog, the Cock, and the Fox

A dog made good friends with a cock, and they agreed to travel together. As night fell, the cock flied up to the branch to
roost, while the dog curled himself up in the trunk, which happened to be hollow. At daybreak the cock woke up and
crowed as usual. A fox, hearing that, wanted to make breakfast of the cock, so he came and stood under the tree and
asked the cock to come down. I would really like, said the fox, to make an acquaintance with the one who has such a
beautiful voice. The cock replied, Why dont you just wake up my guard who is asleep under the tree? He will open the
door and let you in. The fox accordingly knocked on the trunk, and then the dog sprang out and tore him in pieces.

A Dog and a Cock became great friends, and agreed to travel together. At nightfall the Cock flew up into the branches of
a tree to roost, while the Dog curled himself up inside the trunk, which was hollow. At break of day the Cock woke up and
crew, as usual. A Fox heard, and, wishing to make a breakfast of him, came and stood under the tree and begged him to
come down. "I should so like," said he, "to make the acquaintance of one who has such a beautiful voice." The Cock
replied, "Would you just wake my porter who sleeps at the foot of the tree? He'll open the door and let you in." The Fox
accordingly rapped on the trunk, when out rushed the Dog and tore him in pieces

The gnat and the bull

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A gnat alighted on one of the horns of a bull and remained sitting there for quite a time. After plenty of rest he was
about to fly away, and he said to the bull: May I go now? The bull just looked up and said without interest, Its all the
same to me. I did not notice when you came, and I wont notice when you are gone.
We may seem more important in our own eyes than in our neighbors.

A Gnat alighted on one of the horns of a Bull, and remained sitting there for a considerable time. When it had rested
sufficiently and was about to fly away, it said to the Bull, "Do you mind if I go now?" The Bull merely raised his eyes and
remarked, without interest, "It's all one to me; I didn't notice when you came, and I shan't know when you go away."

We may often be of more consequence in our own eyes than in the eyes of our neighbours

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The Stag in the Oxens Stable

A stag, chased by some hounds from his den, escaped into a farmyard, entered the stable where some oxen were penned,
thrust himself under a pile of hay in an empty stall and concealed himself except the tips of his horns. Presently an ox said
to him, What took you here? Arent you aware of the danger of being caught by a shepherd? He replied, Pray let me
stay here for a while. At nightfall I will be able to escape easily under the cover of dark. In the afternoon more than one
farm-hand went in to take care of the wants of the oxen, but no one noticed the stag, and at last the stag began to
congratulate himself on his escape and expressed gratitude to the oxen. We also wish you well, said the ox who had said
before. But you are not yet out of danger. When the master comes you will surely be revealed, for nobody can escape his
keen eyes. Presently the master came in and saw how the oxen were raised. These beasts are starving, he shouted. Here,
give them more hay and lay plenty of ? under them. Saying this, he grabbed an armful of hay where the stag lay hiding,
and found him at once. He called the servants, took hold of the stag at once and killed him for dinner.

THE STAG IN THE OX-STALL


A Stag, chased from his lair by the hounds, took refuge in a farmyard, and, entering a stable where a number of oxen were
stalled, thrust himself under a pile of hay in a vacant stall, where he lay concealed, all but the tips of his horns. Presently
one of the Oxen said to him, "What has induced you to come in here? Aren't you aware of the risk you are running of
being captured by the herdsmen?" To which he replied, "Pray let me stay for the present. When night comes I shall easily
escape under cover of the dark." In the course of the afternoon more than one of the farm-hands came in, to attend to
the wants of the cattle, but not one of them noticed the presence of the Stag, who accordingly began to congratulate
himself on his escape and to express his gratitude to the Oxen. "We wish you well," said the one who had spoken before,
"but you are not out of danger yet. If the master comes, you will certainly be found out, for nothing ever escapes his keen
eyes." Presently, sure enough, in he came, and made a great to-do about the way the Oxen were kept. "The beasts are
starving," he cried; "here, give them more hay, and put plenty of litter under them." As he spoke, he seized an armful
himself from the pile where the Stag lay concealed, and at once detected him. Calling his men, he had him seized at once
and killed for the table

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The Bear and the Travelers

Two travelers were on the road together when a bear appeared suddenly on the scene. Before he noticed them one of the
travelers ran to a tree by the road, climbed up among the branches and hid there. The other traveler, not as agile as his
companion, fell to the ground and pretended to be dead. When the bear came near and sniffed all over him, he kept still
and held his breath, for it is said that a bear does not touch a dead body. The bear took him for a dead body and went
away. When the crisis was over, the traveler on the tree went down and asked his companion what it was that the bear
whispered when he put his mouth in his ear. He replied, He told me never to travel with a friend who deserts you at the
first sign of danger.

THE BEAR AND THE TRAVELLERS

Two Travellers were on the road together, when a Bear suddenly appeared on the scene. Before he observed them, one
made for a tree at the side of the road, and climbed up into the branches and hid there. The other was not so nimble as
his companion; and, as he could not escape, he threw himself on the ground and pretended to be dead. The Bear came
up and sniffed all round him, but he kept perfectly still and held his breath: for they say that a bear will not touch a dead
body. The Bear took him for a corpse, and went away. When the coast was clear, the Traveller in the tree came down, and
asked the other what it was the Bear had whispered to him when he put his mouth to his ear. The other replied, "He told
me never again to travel with a friend who deserts you at the first sign of danger.

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THE SLAVE AND THE LION

A slave escaped from his slave, by whom he had been most severely treated, and ran to a desert to escape arrest.
Wandering about for food and shelter, he got to a cave which he entered and found to be unoccupied. But in fact it was a
lions den, and almost immediately, to the terror of the wretched fugitive, the lion himself appeared. The man gave himself
up for lost, but to his astonishment, instead of springing upon him and devouring him, the lion came near whimpering
and lifted his paw. Finding it much swollen and inflamed, he examined it and found a large thorn in the ball of the foot.
So he removed it and dressed the wound as well as he could. And in time the wound healed completely. The lions
gratitude was infinite: he saw the man as a friend, and they shared the cave for some time. But one day came when the
slave began to long for the society of his fellow-men, and he bid farewell to the lion and returned to the town. Here he
was soon detected and carried in chains to his former master, who resolved to make an example of him and ordered that
he should be thrown to the beasts at the next public spectacle in the theater. On the fatal day some beasts were loosed in
the arena, one of them a lion of a huge body and ferocious aspect, and then the wretched slave was thrown among them.
What was the amazement of the spectators when the lion, at a glance, scampered to him, lay down on his feet and
expressed all his affection and joy! He was an old friend who the slave had met in the cave. The audience clamored that
the life of the slave should be spared. And impressed by the beasts gratitude and fidelity, the town leader decreed that
both should receive liberty.

A Slave ran away from his master, by whom he had been most cruelly treated, and, in order to avoid capture, betook
himself into the desert. As he wandered about in search of food and shelter, he came to a cave, which he entered and
found to be unoccupied. Really, however, it was a Lion's den, and almost immediately, to the horror of the wretched
fugitive, the Lion himself appeared. The man gave himself up for lost: but, to his utter astonishment, the Lion, instead of
springing upon him and devouring him, came and fawned upon him, at the same time whining and lifting up his paw.
Observing it to be much swollen and inflamed, he examined it and found a large thorn embedded in the ball of the foot.
He accordingly removed it and dressed the wound as well as he could: and in course of time it healed up completely. The
Lion's gratitude was unbounded; he looked upon the man as his friend, and they shared the cave for some time together.
A day came, however, when the Slave began to long for the society of his fellow-men, and he bade farewell to the Lion
and returned to the town. Here he was presently recognised and carried off in chains to his former master, who resolved
to make an example of him, and ordered that he should be thrown to the beasts at the next public spectacle in the
theatre. On the fatal day the beasts were loosed into the arena, and among the rest a Lion of huge bulk and ferocious
aspect; and then the wretched Slave was cast in among them. What was the amazement of the spectators, when the Lion
after one glance bounded up to him and lay down at his feet with every expression of affection and delight! It was his old
friend of the cave! The audience clamoured that the Slave's life should be spared: and the governor of the town,
marvelling at such gratitude and fidelity in a beast, decreed that both should receive their liberty

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(s-)

The Flea and the Man

A flea bit a man, bit him again, and again, until he could not stand it any longer and rummaged about and caught him.
Grabbing it between his finger and thumb, he said, or rather shouted, for he was so mad, What the hell are you, you little
brat? Who do you think you are sucking? The frightened flea whined in a low voice, Oh, sir! Please let me go! Dont kill
me! I am such a little creature that I cannot do you much harm. But the man laughed and said, Im going to kill you right
away. Whatever is bad should be eliminated, no matter how little harm it does.

Do not waste your pity on a scamper.


A Flea bit a Man, and bit him again, and again, till he could stand it no longer, but made a thorough search for it, and at
last succeeded in catching it. Holding it between his finger and thumb, he saidor rather shouted, so angry was he [he
was so angry that he shouted; so angry ] "Who are you, pray, you wretched little creature, that
you make so free with my person?" The Flea, terrified, whimpered in a weak little voice, "Oh, sir! pray let me go; don't kill
me! I am such a little thing that I can't do you much harm." But the Man laughed and said, "I am going to kill you now, at
once: whatever is bad has got to be destroyed, no matter how slight the harm it does."

Do not waste your pity on a scamp.

Hymettus , , ,
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The Bees and Jupiter

A queen bee flew from Hymettus up to Olympus with fresh honey from the honeycomb as a present to Jupiter, who was
so pleased with it that he promised that he would do anything she might ask for. She said that she would appreciate it
very much if he would give bees stings to kill humans who rob them of honey. Jupiter was very displeased with this
request, for he loved mankind. But as he had given his word, he said that stings bees would have. However, the sting that
he gave them was such a kind that every time a bee stings a man, it remains in the wound and the bee dies.

Evil wishes, like fowls, come home to roost

A Queen Bee from Hymettus flew up to Olympus with some fresh honey from the hive as a present to Jupiter, who was so
pleased with the gift that he promised to give her anything she liked to ask for. She said she would be very grateful if he
would give stings to the bees, to kill people who robbed them of their honey. Jupiter was greatly displeased with this
request, for he loved mankind: but he had given his word, so he said that stings they should have. The stings he gave
them, however, were of such a kind that whenever a bee stings a man the sting is left in the wound and the bee dies.

Evil wishes, like fowls, come home to roost.


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The Oak and the Reeds

An oak who was growing on the bank of a river was uprooted in a severe gale of wind and thrown across the stream.
Falling among some reeds growing by the water, the tree said to them, How is it that you, who are so frail and slender,
weather the storm, whereas I, who am so strong, am rooted out and thrown into the river? You were so stubborn, came
the reply, that you fought with the storm, which turned out to be stronger than you. But we bow and yield to every
breeze, thus the storm passed over our heads harmlessly.

An Oak that grew on the bank of a river was uprooted by a severe gale of wind, and thrown across the stream. It fell
among some Reeds growing by the water, and said to them, "How is it that you, who are so frail and slender, have
managed to weather the storm, whereas I, with all my strength, have been torn up by the roots and hurled into the river?"
"You were stubborn," came the reply, "and fought against the storm, which proved stronger than you: but we bow and
yield to every breeze, and thus the gale passed harmlessly over our heads."

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The blind man and the cub

Once there was a blind man who had such a keen touch that he could tell what kind of animal was in his hand just by his
touch. One day a cub of a wolf got into his hand, and he was asked what kind of animal it was. He touched it for a while
and said, Im not really sure if this is a cub of a wolf or a fox. But Im sure of this: this can never be trusted in a pasture of
sheep.

Evil tendencies reveal themselves early.


There was once a Blind Man who had so fine a sense of touch that, when any animal was put into his hands, he could tell
what it was merely by the feel of it. One day the Cub of a Wolf was put into his hands, and he was asked what it was. He
felt it for some time, and then said, "Indeed, I am not sure whether it is a Wolf's Cub or a Fox's: but this I knowit would
never do to trust it in a sheepfold."

Evil tendencies are early shown.

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The boy and the snails

A farmers boy went looking for snails, and when he picked up both hands full, he began to make a fire in order to roast
and eat them. When the fire was built well and the snails began to feel the heat, they gradually withdrew into the shells,
hissing as they usually do when they do that. Hearing that, the boy said, You abandoned creatures, how can you feel like
whispering when your houses are burning?

A Farmer's Boy went looking for Snails, and, when he had picked up both his hands full, he set about making a fire at
which to roast them; for he meant to eat them. When it got well alight and the Snails began to feel the heat, they
gradually withdrew more and more into their shells with the hissing noise they always make when they do so. When the
Boy heard it, he said, "You abandoned creatures, how can you find heart to whistle when your houses are burning?

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The apes and two travelers

Two men were on the road together, one of whom never told a truth, while the other never told a lie. On the way they
came to a land of apes. The king of the apes, hearing of their arrival, ordered them to be brought to him. And intending
to impress them with his magnificence, he greeted them sitting on a throne, while the apes, his subjects, were ranged in
long rows on either side. When the travelers came to him he asked them what they thought of him as a king. The lying
traveler said, Your Majesty, everybody must see that you are a most graceful and powerful monarch. And what do you
think about my subjects? continued the king. They, said the traveler, are worthy of their royal master in all respects. The
ape was so delighted with his answer that he gave him a handsome present. The other traveler thought that if his
companion received such a big reward for lying, he would receive a still bigger reward for telling the truth. So when the
ape turned to him and said, And what is your opinion? he replied, I think that you are a very fine ape, and all your
subjects are fine apes too. The king got so mad at his answer than he commanded him to be taken away and clawed to
death.

Two men were travelling together, one of whom never spoke the truth, whereas the other never told a lie: and they came
in the course of their travels to the land of Apes. The King of the Apes, hearing of their arrival, ordered them to be
brought before him; and by way of impressing them with his magnificence, he received them sitting on a throne, while the
Apes, his subjects, were ranged in long rows on either side of him. When the Travellers came into his presence he asked
them what they thought of him as a King. The lying Traveller said, "Sire, every one must see that you are a most noble
and mighty monarch." "And what do you think of my subjects?" continued the King. "They," said the Traveller, "are in every
way worthy of their royal master." The Ape was so delighted with his answer that he gave him a very handsome present.
The other Traveller thought that if his companion was rewarded so splendidly for telling a lie, he himself would certainly
receive a still greater reward for telling the truth; so, when the Ape turned to him and said, "And what, sir, is your
opinion?" he replied, "I think you are a very fine Ape, and all your subjects are fine Apes too." The King of the Apes was so
enraged at his reply that he ordered him to be taken away and clawed to death

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An ass and his burdens

A peddler who had an ass one day bought a quantity of salt and loaded his beast as much as he could bear. On the way
home when the ass was crossing a stream, he fell into the water. The salt was wetted completely, much of it melted and
drained away, so that when the ass got on his legs he found that he had a much less heavy burden. But his master drove
him back to town, bought more salt, added it to what remained in the panniers and started again. On getting to the
stream the ass lay down in the water, and when he got up the burden got much lighter as before. But the master, noticing
his trick, went back once again, bought a number of sponges and piled them on his back. When they arrived at the
stream the ass lay down again. But this time the sponges soaked a lot of water, and he found, when he got up, that he
had a heavier burden.

You may play a good card once too often.

A Pedlar who owned an Ass one day bought a quantity of salt, and loaded up his beast with as much as he could bear.
On the way home the Ass stumbled as he was crossing a stream and fell into the water. The salt got thoroughly wetted
and much of it melted and drained away, so that, when he got on his legs again, the Ass found his load had become
much less heavy. His master, however, drove him back to town and bought more salt, which he added to what remained in
the panniers, and started out again. No sooner had they reached a stream than the Ass lay down in it, and rose, as before,
with a much lighter load. But his master detected the trick, and turning back once more, bought a large number of
sponges, and piled them on the back of the Ass. When they came to the stream the Ass again lay down: but this time, as
the sponges soaked up large quantities of water, he found, when he got up on his legs, that he had a bigger burden to
carry than ever.

You may play a good card once too often


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The shepherds boy and the wolf

A shepherds boy was tending a flock of sheep when he thought it would be great fun to deceive the villagers by
pretending that a wolf was attacking the sheep. So he shouted Wolf! wolf! and when the people ran up, he laughed at
them for their pains. He did this more than once, and every time the villagers found that they were deceived, for there
was no wolf. At last a wolf really did come and the boy shouted Wolf! wolf! as loudly as he could. But the people were so
used to his shouting that they took no notice of his cry for help. So the wolf went around as he pleased, killing off sheep
after sheep at his leisure.

You cannot believe a liar even when he tells the truth.

A Shepherd's Boy was tending his flock near a village, and thought it would be great fun to hoax the villagers by
pretending that a Wolf was attacking the sheep: so he shouted out, "Wolf! wolf!" and when the people came running up
he laughed at them for their pains. He did this more than once, and every time the villagers found they had been hoaxed,
for there was no Wolf at all. At last a Wolf really did come, and the Boy cried, "Wolf! wolf!" as loud as he could: but the
people were so used to hearing him call that they took no notice of his cries for help. And so the Wolf had it all his own
way, and killed off sheep after sheep at his leisure.

You cannot believe a liar even when he tells the truth.


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(Look before you leap. )

The fox and the goat

A fox fell into a well, and he couldnt get back out. By and by a thirsty goat came, saw the fox in the well and asked if the
water was good. Good? said the fox, It is the best water I have ever tasted in my life. You come down and have a taste
yourself. The goat thought of nothing but quenching his thirst, so he jumped in at once. After having enough the goat
looked about for a way out as the fox did, but there was none. Presently the fox said, I have an idea. You stand on your
hind legs and fix your forelegs firmly on the side, and I will climb on your back, where I can step on your horns and get
out. And when I get out, I will help you out too. The goat did as he requested, and the fox climbed on his back and got
out of the well, and then coolly went away. The goat called loudly after him, reminding him of his promise to help him out.
But the fox merely turned and said, If you had as much sense in your head as your beard, you would not have come into
the well without making sure that you could get back out.

A Fox fell into a well and was unable to get out again. By and by a thirsty Goat came by, and seeing the Fox in the well
asked him if the water was good. "Good?" said the Fox, "it's the best water I ever tasted in all my life. Come down and try
it yourself." The Goat thought of nothing but the prospect of quenching his thirst, and jumped in at once. When he had
had enough to drink, he looked about, like the Fox, for some way of getting out, but could find none. Presently the Fox
said, "I have an idea. You stand on your hind legs, and plant your forelegs firmly against the side of the well, and then I'll
climb on to your back, and, from there, by stepping on your horns, I can get out. And when I'm out, I'll help you out too."
The Goat did as he was requested, and the Fox climbed on to his back and so out of the well; and then he coolly walked
away. The Goat called loudly after him and reminded him of his promise to help him out: but the Fox merely turned and
said, "If you had as much sense in your head as you have hair in your beard you wouldn't have got into the well without
making certain that you could get out again.

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The fisherman and the sprat

A fisherman cast a net into the sea, and when he pulled it up again, there was nothing left in the net but a sprat, who
begged to be released back into the water. Now I am only a little fish, said the sprat, But some day I will grow big, and if
you come and catch me again then, I will be of some use to you. But the fisherman replied, Oh, no, I will keep you now
that I have caught you. If I let you go, shall I ever see you again? Not likely!

A Fisherman cast his net into the sea, and when he drew it up again it contained nothing but a single Sprat that begged
to be put back into the water. "I'm only a little fish now," it said, "but I shall grow big one day, and then if you come and
catch me again I shall be of some use to you." But the Fisherman replied, "Oh, no, I shall keep you now I've got you: if I
put you back, should I ever see you again? Not likely!

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Rhodes , .
Rhodes . , . .
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The bragging traveler

A man went abroad to travel, and when he came home he had some great stories to tell about what he did in foreign
countries. Above all, he said that he took part in the jumping contest in Rhodes and made such a great jump that no one
compared to him. Just go to Rhodes and ask, he said, And they will all tell you it is true. But one of those who were
listening to him said, If you can jump so well, we need not go to Rhodes to prove it. Just imagine for a moment that this
is Rhodes. Now jump!
A Man once went abroad on his travels, and when he came home he had wonderful tales to tell of the things he had
done in foreign countries. Among other things, he said he had taken part in a jumping-match at Rhodes, and had done a
wonderful jump which no one could beat. "Just go to Rhodes and ask them," he said; "every one will tell you it's true." But
one of those who were listening said, "If you can jump as well as all that, we needn't go to Rhodes to prove it. Let's just
imagine this is Rhodes for a minute: and nowjump!"

Deeds, not words

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The Crab and his mother

An old crab said to her son, Why do you walk sideways like that, my son? You must walk straight. The young crab replied,
Show me, Mother, then I will follow your example. The old crab tried, but tried in vain, and then realized how foolish she
was to find fault with her child.

An Old Crab said to her son, "Why do you walk sideways like that, my son? You ought to walk straight." The Young Crab
replied, "Show me how, dear mother, and I'll follow your example." The Old Crab tried, but tried in vain, and then saw how
foolish she had been to find fault with her child.

Example is better than precept.

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The Ass and his shadow

A man hired an ass for traveling in summertime and set off with the owner following from behind to drive the beast. By
and by it was so hot that they stopped to rest, and the traveler wanted to lie down in the shadow of the ass. But the
owner, also wanting to avoid sunshine, did not allow him to do so, for he said that the traveler only hired the ass, not his
shadow. The other claimed that his bargain guaranteed the use of the ass at his disposal for the time being. The quarrel
came to a fight, and while they belabored each other the ass ran away and soon got out of sight.

A certain man hired an Ass for a journey in summertime, and started out with the owner following behind to drive the
beast. By and by, in the heat of the day, they stopped to rest, and the traveller wanted to lie down in the Ass's Shadow;
but the owner, who himself wished to be out of the sun, wouldn't let him do that; for he said he had hired the Ass only,
and not his Shadow: the other maintained that his bargain secured him complete control of the Ass for the time being.
From words they came to blows; and while they were belabouring each other the Ass took to his heels and was soon out
of sight.

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The Farmer and his sons

A farmer at deaths door, wishing to impart his sons a very precious secret, called his sons together and said, My boys, Im
going to die soon. So I will tell you that there is a hidden treasure in my vineyard. Dig, and you will find it. As soon as
their father passed away, the sons turned and turned the soil of the vineyard with shovels and forks to find the treasure
they had supposed would lie hidden there. They found nothing, however. But the vines, after so thorough ploughing,
yielded the best harvest ever.

A Farmer, being at death's door, and desiring to impart to his Sons a secret of much moment, called them round him and
said, "My sons, I am shortly about to die; I would have you know, therefore, that in my vineyard there lies a hidden
treasure. Dig, and you will find it." As soon as their father was dead, the Sons took spade and fork and turned up the soil
of the vineyard over and over again, in their search for the treasure which they supposed to lie buried there. They found
none, however (hard they tried; ; however ) : but the vines,
after so thorough a digging, produced a crop such as had never before been seen.

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The Dog and the Cook

A rich man invited some friends and acquaintances to a banquet. His dog thought that it would be a good opportunity to
invite another dog, his friend. So he went to his friend and said, My master is going to throw a party. There will be plenty
of food. Come and have dinner with me tonight. Thus the invited dog came, and seeing the preparations made in the
kitchen, he said to himself, Why, Im so lucky. Tonight I will definitely eat enough to do without eating for two or three
days. At the same time he wagged his tail quickly to show his friend how delighted he was to be invited. But then the
cook found him and, annoyed with seeing a strange dog in the kitchen, held him by the hind legs and threw him out of
the window. He had a miserable fall and limped away as quickly as he could, yelping dismally. Soon the other dogs met
him and said, So, what kind of dinner did you get? To which he replied, I had a splendid time. The wine was so good,
and I had so much wine that I dont really remember how I got out of the house!

Beware of the favor at the expense of others.

A rich man once invited a number of his friends and acquaintances to a banquet. His dog thought it would be a good
opportunity to invite another Dog, a friend of his; so he went to him and said, "My master is giving a feast: there'll be a
fine spread, so come and dine with me to-night." The Dog thus invited came, and when he saw the preparations being
made in the kitchen he said to himself, "My word, I'm in luck: I'll take care to eat enough to-night to last me two or three
days." At the same time he wagged his tail briskly, by way of showing his friend how delighted he was to have been asked.
But just then the Cook caught sight of him, and, in his annoyance at seeing a strange Dog in the kitchen, caught him up
by the hind legs and threw him out of the window. He had a nasty fall, and limped away as quickly as he could, howling
dismally. Presently some other dogs met him, and said, "Well, what sort of a dinner did you get?" To which he replied, "I
had a splendid time: the wine was so good, and I drank so much of it, that I really don't remember how I got out of the
house!"

Be shy of favours bestowed at the expense of others


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The Monkey as King

At a gathering of all the beasts, a monkey entertained them so much by dancing that they elected him King. A fox,
however, was displeased with his good fortune. So one day, finding a trap with a piece of meat in it, he took the monkey
there and said, Here is a dainty tidbit I found, sire. I did not take it because I thought it ought to be left for our king. Will
you be pleased to accept it? The monkey made for the meat at once and was trapped. Then he bitterly blamed the fox
for driving him into danger. But the fox just laughed and said, Oh my Monkey, you call yourself king of the beasts but you
have enough sense to be taken in like that!

At a gathering of all the animals the Monkey danced and delighted them so much that they made him their King. The Fox,
however, was very much disgusted at the promotion of the Monkey: so having one day found a trap with a piece of meat
in it, he took the Monkey there and said to him, "Here is a dainty morsel I have found, sire; I did not take it myself,
because I thought it ought to be reserved for you, our King. Will you be pleased to accept it?" The Monkey made at once
for the meat and got caught in the trap. Then he bitterly reproached the Fox for leading him into danger; but the Fox only
laughed and said, "O Monkey, you call yourself King of the Beasts and haven't more sense than to be taken in like that!

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The thieves and the cock

Some thieves broke into a house, where they found nothing worth taking but a cock, which they fetched and ran away.
When they were preparing for dinner and one of them was about to wring his neck, he cried for mercy and said, Pray
dont kill me. You will find me a most useful bird, for I crow in the morning to wake up honest people to work. But the
thief replied in a rather heated voice, Yes, I know that you do. And you make it still harder for us to make a living. Into the
pot you go!

Some Thieves broke into a house, and found nothing worth taking except a Cock, which they seized and carried off with
them. When they were preparing their supper, one of them caught up the Cock, and was about to wring his neck, when
he cried out for mercy and said, "Pray do not kill me: you will find me a most useful bird, for I rouse honest men to their
work in the morning by my crowing." But the Thief replied with some heat, "Yes, I know you do, making it still harder for
us to get a livelihood. Into the pot you go!

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The Farmer and Fortune

A farmer was ploughing in the farm one day when his plough found a pot of gold coins. He was so delighted with the
discovery that from then on he made offerings every day to the temple of the goddess of Earth. This displeased Fortune,
who went and said to him, My man, why do you give Earth the credit for the gift, which I gave to you? You never thought
of thanking me for your fortune; But if you are so unfortunate that you lose all you gained, I know very well that I,
Fortune, will get all the blame.

Express gratitude where gratitude is due.

A Farmer was ploughing one day on his farm when he turned up a pot of golden coins with his plough. He was overjoyed
at his discovery, and from that time forth made an offering daily at the shrine of the Goddess of the Earth. Fortune was
displeased at this, and came to him and said, "My man, why do you give Earth the credit for the gift which I bestowed
upon you? You never thought of thanking me for your good luck; but should you be unlucky enough to lose what you
have gained I know very well that I, Fortune, should then come in for all the blame."

Show gratitude where gratitude is due.


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Jupiter and Monkey

Jupiter proclaimed to all the beasts that he would give a prize to the one who he judged offered the most beautiful thing.
Among the beasts came a monkey holding in her arms a baby, a hairless, flat-nosed little fright. When the gods saw it all
burst out laughing. But the monkey, hugging her baby, said, Jupiter may give the prize to whoever he wants to give. But I
will always think my baby the most beautiful thing.

Jupiter issued a proclamation to all the beasts, and offered a prize to the one who, in his judgment, produced the most
beautiful offspring. Among the rest came the Monkey, carrying a baby monkey in her arms, a hairless, flat-nosed little
fright. When they saw it, the gods all burst into peal on peal of laughter; but the Monkey hugged her little one to her, and
said, "Jupiter may give the prize to whomsoever he likes: but I shall always think my baby the most beautiful of them all."

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Father and sons

A man had several sons, who always fought with one another, and try as he might, he could not make them live together
in harmony. So he determined to convince them of their folly by the following means. He had them bring a bunch of
sticks, and then he told each of them to break them with their knees. They all tried in vain. Then he unfastened the bunch
and handed each of them one stick, which this time they had no difficulty breaking. See, my sons, he said, United you
will be more than enough to be a match for your enemies. But if you fight and separate your weakness will put you at the
mercy of your attackers.
A certain man had several Sons who were always quarrelling with one another, and, try as he might, he could not get
them to live together in harmony. So he determined to convince them of their folly by the following means. Bidding them
fetch a bundle of sticks, he invited each in turn to break it across his knee. All tried and all failed: and then he undid the
bundle, and handed them the sticks one by one, when they had no difficulty at all in breaking them. "There, my boys,"
said he, "united you will be more than a match for your enemies: but if you quarrel and separate, your weakness will put
you at the mercy of those who attack you."

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The lamp

A lamp, filled with sufficient oil, burned with clear steady light, and beginning to well with pride and boast, even shone
more brightly than the sun. Just then a gust of wind blew and put out the lamp. Someone struck a match to rekindle the
lamp and said, You just keep alight and never mind the sun. See, even the stars need not be rekindled at all as you have
just did.

A Lamp, well filled with oil, burned with a clear and steady light, and began to swell with pride and boast that it shone
more brightly than the sun himself. Just then a puff of wind came and blew it out. Some one struck a match and lit it
again, and said, "You just keep alight, and never mind the sun. Why, even the stars never need to be relit as you had to be
just now.

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The owl and the birds

The owl is a very wise bird, and once long ago when the oak sprouted in the forest, she called the other birds together
and said to them, You see this little tree? If you take my advice you will remove it now that it is small, for when it grows
big mistletoes will grow on it, where birdlime will be prepared to destroy you. Again, when the first ? was sown, the owl
said to them, Go and eat up that seed, for it is the seed of ?, out of which men will some day make nets to catch you.
Once again, when she saw the first archer, she warned the birds that he was the enemy who would kill them, for he would
wing his arrows with their feathers and shoot them. However, they took no notice of what she said. In fact they thought
that she was a little crazy and laughed at her. However, when all turned out as she had predicted, they changed their mind
and had a great respect for her wisdom. Hence every time the owl appears the birds attend to her in the hope of hearing
something useful to them. However, she does not give them advice any longer, but sits brooding on the folly of her own
species.

The Owl is a very wise bird; and once, long ago, when the first oak sprouted in the forest, she called all the other Birds
together and said to them, "You see this tiny tree? If you take my advice, you will destroy it now when it is small: for when
it grows big, the mistletoe will appear upon it, from which birdlime will be prepared for your destruction." Again, when the
first flax was sown, she said to them, "Go and eat up that seed, for it is the seed of the flax, out of which men will one day
make nets to catch you." Once more, when she saw the first archer, she warned the Birds that he was their deadly enemy,
who would wing his arrows with their own feathers and shoot them. But they took no notice of what she said: in fact, they
thought she was rather mad, and laughed at her. When, however, everything turned out as she had foretold, they changed
their minds and conceived a great respect for her wisdom. Hence, whenever she appears, the Birds attend upon her in the
hope of hearing something that may be for their good. She, however, gives them advice no longer, but sits moping and
pondering on the folly of her kind

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The Ass in the lions skin

An ass found a lions skin and dressed himself in it. Then we went about frightening everyone he met, for they all took
him for a lion, men and beasts alike, and took to their heels when they saw him coming. Thrilled with the success of his
trick, he brayed loudly in triumph. A fox, hearing that, recognized at once that he was in fact an ass, and said to him, Oho,
my friend, it is you, isnt it? I would be frightened too if I had not heard your voice.

An Ass found a Lion's Skin, and dressed himself up in it. Then he went about frightening every one he met, for they all
took him to be a lion, men and beasts alike, and took to their heels when they saw him coming. Elated by the success of
his trick, he loudly brayed in triumph. The Fox heard him, and recognised him at once for the Ass he was, and said to him,
"Oho, my friend, it's you, is it? I, too, should have been afraid if I hadn't heard your voice.

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the she-goats and her beard

Jupiter granted beard to she-goats at their request, which disgusted he-goats, who thought this was an unwarrantable
invasion of their rights and dignity. So they sent him a deputation to protest against his action. However, Jupiter advised
them to raise no objections. What is a tuft of hair? he said, Let them have it if they want it. They can never be your
match in strength.

Give assistance, not advice, in a crisis.


Jupiter granted beards to the She-Goats at their own request, much to the disgust of the he-Goats, who considered this to
be an unwarrantable invasion of their rights and dignities. So they sent a deputation to him to protest against his action.
He, however, advised them not to raise any objections. "What's in a tuft of hair?" said he. "Let them have it if they want it.
They can never be a match for you in strength.

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the quack frog

Once a frog got out his shelter in the marshes and proclaimed to the world that he was a learned doctor, skilled in
medicines, and could cure every disease. Among the crowd called out a fox: You a doctor! Why, how could you come out
to cure others, when you cannot even heal your own limping legs and your skin full of blisters and wrinkles?

Doctor, heal thyself.

Once upon a time a Frog came forth from his home in the marshes and proclaimed to all the world that he was a learned
physician, skilled in drugs and able to cure all diseases. Among the crowd was a Fox, who called out, "You a doctor! Why,
how can you set up to heal others when you cannot even cure your own lame legs and blotched and wrinkled skin?"

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the swollen fox

A hungry fox found a quantity of bread and meat in a hollow tree, which some shepherds had laid against their return.
Delighted with his find he slipped in through the narrow niche and greedily devoured them all. But when he tried to get
back out he found himself so swollen after a big meal that he could not squeeze out of the hole and ended up whining
and lamenting his misfortune. Another fox who happened to pass that way came and asked him what was the matter, and
learning what happened, said, Well, my friend, I see no choice but for you to stay here until you shrink to your former size,
when you can escape easily enough.

A hungry Fox found in a hollow tree a quantity of bread and meat, which some shepherds had placed there against their
return. Delighted with his find he slipped in through the narrow aperture and greedily devoured it all. But when he tried to
get out again he found himself so swollen after his big meal that he could not squeeze through the hole, and fell to
whining and groaning over his misfortune. Another Fox, happening to pass that way, came and asked him what the matter
was; and, on learning the state of the case, said, "Well, my friend, I see nothing for it but for you to stay where you are till
you shrink to your former size; you'll get out then easily enough."
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the mouse, the frog, the hawk

A mouse and a frog struck a friendship, but they were not a very good match, for the mouse lived only on land whereas
the frog was equally at home on land and in water. Never wanting to separate, the frog bound himself with the mouse at
the leg with a piece of thread. As long as they stayed on dry land everything was fairly well. But when they got to the
edge of a pool the frog jumped in, taking the mouse with him, and began to swim about and croak merrily. But the poor
mouse soon drowned and floated on the surface in the wake of the frog. There he was spotted by a hawk, who swooned
upon him and seized him with his talon. The frog could not untie the knot binding himself with the mouse, thus carried
off with the mouse and eaten by the hawk.

A Mouse and a Frog struck up a friendship; they were not well mated, for the Mouse lived entirely on land, while the Frog
was equally at home on land or in the water. In order that they might never be separated, the Frog tied himself and the
Mouse together by the leg with a piece of thread. As long as they kept on dry land all went fairly well; but, coming to the
edge of a pool, the Frog jumped in, taking the Mouse with him, and began swimming about and croaking with pleasure.
The unhappy Mouse, however, was soon drowned, and floated about on the surface in the wake of the Frog. There he was
spied by a Hawk, who pounced down on him and seized him in his talons. The Frog was unable to loose the knot which
bound him to the Mouse, and thus was carried off along with him and eaten by the Hawk

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the boy and the nettle

A boy was gathering berries from a hedge when his hand got stung by a nettle. Smarting from the pain he ran to tell his
mother, and said to her between sobs, I just touched it very slightly, mother. Thats why you got stung, my dear, she said,
If you had held it tightly, it would not have hurt you at all.
A Boy was gathering berries from a hedge when his hand was stung by a Nettle. Smarting with the pain, he ran to tell his
mother, and said to her between his sobs, "I only touched it ever so lightly, mother." "That's just why you got stung, my
son," she said; "if you had grasped it firmly, it wouldn't have hurt you in the least.

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the peasant and the apple tree

A farmer was growing an apple tree in the farmyard, which bore no fruit, but only provided shelter from the heat for the
sparrows and grasshoppers who sat on the branches and chirped. Disappointed at the tree with no fruit he determined to
cut it down and took his ax for the purpose. But when the sparrows and the grasshoppers saw what he was going to do,
they begged him to spare the tree and said, If you remove the tree we will have to find shelter elsewhere, and then you
will no longer enjoy our merry chirping to enliven your work in the farm. However, he refused to listen to them and set
out to work with a will to cut through the trunk. A few strokes revealed that it was hollow inside, containing a swarm of
bees and a large store of honey. Delighted with his find he threw down his ax and said, An old tree is worth keeping after
all.

Utility is a test of value for most men.

A Peasant had an Apple-tree growing in his garden, which bore no fruit, but merely served to provide a shelter from the
heat for the sparrows and grasshoppers which sat and chirped in its branches. Disappointed at its barrenness he
determined to cut it down, and went and fetched his axe for the purpose. But when the sparrows and the grasshoppers
saw what he was about to do, they begged him to spare it, and said to him, "If you destroy the tree we shall have to seek
shelter elsewhere, and you will no longer have our merry chirping to enliven your work in the garden." He, however,
refused to listen to them, and set to work with a will to cut through the trunk. A few strokes showed that it was hollow
inside and contained a swarm of bees and a large store of honey. Delighted with his find he threw down his axe, saying,
"The old tree is worth keeping after all."

Utility is most men's test of worth


the jackdaw and the pigeons

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A jackdaw, seeing some pigeons in the farmyard, was filled with envy when he saw how well they were fed, and
determined to disguise himself into one of them in order to secure a share of the good things they enjoyed. So he
painted himself white from top to toe and joined the flock, and so long as he remained silent they never suspected that
he was not the same pigeon as they were. But one day when he was unwise enough to begin chattering, they detected his
disguise at once and pecked him so mercilessly that he was glad to escape and join his own kind again. But the other
jackdaws did not recognize him in white and did not let him feed with them and drove him away. So he became homeless
for all his pains.

A Jackdaw, watching some Pigeons in a farmyard, was filled with envy when he saw how well they were fed, and
determined to disguise himself as one of them, in order to secure a share of the good things they enjoyed. So he painted
himself white from head to foot and joined the flock; and, so long as he was silent, they never suspected that he was not
a pigeon like themselves. But one day he was unwise enough to start chattering, when they at once saw through his
disguise and pecked him so unmercifully that he was glad to escape and join his own kind again. But the other jackdaws
did not recognise him in his white dress, and would not let him feed with them, but drove him away: and so he became a
homeless wanderer for his pains.
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Jupiter and the tortoise

Jupiter was about to marry a wife, and determined to celebrate the event by inviting all the beasts to a banquet. All came
but the tortoise, much to his surprise. So when he next saw the tortoise he asked him why he did not come to the party. I
dont like going out, said the tortoise, Theres no place like home. Jupiter was so annoyed with this reply that he decreed
that from then on the tortoise should carry his home on his back and should never leave home even if he wanted to.

Jupiter was about to marry a wife, and determined to celebrate the event by inviting all the animals to a banquet. They all
came except the Tortoise, who did not put in an appearance, much to Jupiter's surprise. So when he next saw the Tortoise
he asked him why he had not been at the banquet. "I don't care for going out," said the Tortoise; "there's no place like
home." Jupiter was so much annoyed by this reply that he decreed that from that time forth the Tortoise should carry his
house upon his back, and never be able to get away from home even if he wished to.

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THE DOG IN THE MANGER

A dog lay on the hay in the manger, which was put there for the oxen, and when they came to eat it, he growled and
snapped at them and did not let them come near the food. What a selfish beast! said one of them to his companions,
He cannot even eat it and doesnt let those eat who can.

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A Dog was lying in a Manger on the hay which had been put there for the cattle, and when they came and tried to eat,
he growled and snapped at them and wouldn't let them get at their food. "What a selfish beast," said one of them to his
companions; "he can't eat himself and yet he won't let those eat who can."

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THE TWO BAGS

Every man carries two bags with him, one in front, and one at the back, both filled with faults. The bag in front contains
the faults of his neighbors, and the one at the back his own faults. And so it is that men do not see their own faults but
never fail to see others.

Every man carries Two Bags about with him, one in front and one behind, and both are packed full of faults. The Bag in
front contains his neighbours' faults, the one behind his own. Hence it is that men do not see their own faults, but never
fail to see those of others.

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THE OXEN AND THE AXLETREES

A pair of oxen were carrying a heavily loaded cart, and they were pulling and straining in reins when the axletrees creaked
and groaned terribly. This was too much for the cattle, who turned and said indignantly, Hey, you there! Why are you
making such a noise when we do all the work?

He complains most who suffers least.

A pair of Oxen were drawing a heavily loaded wagon along the highway, and, as they tugged and strained at the yoke, the
Axletrees creaked and groaned terribly. This was too much for the Oxen, who turned round indignantly and said, "Hullo,
you there! Why do you make such a noise when we do all the work?"

They complain most who suffer least.

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A boy put his hand into a jar of filberts and grasped as much as his fist could hold. But when he tried to get his hand
back out he found he could not do so, for the mouth of the jar was so narrow that it did not allow such a large handful to
pass. Not wanting to lose his nuts and unable to withdraw his hand, he burst into tears. A bystander who saw what was
the matter said, Hey, boy, dont be so greedy. Be content with half the amount, and you will get your hand out with ease.

THE BOY AND THE FILBERTS

A Boy put his hand into a jar of Filberts, and grasped as many as his fist could possibly hold. But when he tried to pull it
out again, he found he couldn't do so, for the neck of the jar was too small to allow of the passage of so large a handful.
Unwilling to lose his nuts but unable to withdraw his hand, he burst into tears. A bystander, who saw where the trouble lay,
said to him, "Come, my boy, don't be so greedy: be content with half the amount, and you'll be able to get your hand out
without difficulty."

Do not attempt too much at once


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Time was when the frogs were dissatisfied, for there was no one to rule over them. So they sent a deputation to Jupiter to
ask him to give them a king. Laughing at the folly of their request, Jupiter threw a log into the pool where they lived and
said that it should be their king. The frogs were terrified at first with the splash, and rushed to the deepest part of the
pool. But by and by, seeing the log remain still, one by one they ventured to rise back to the surface, and soon, growing
bolder, they despised it so much that they even sat upon it. Thinking that such a king was an insult to their dignity, they
sent to Jupiter again and asked him to take away the sluggish king that he gave them and give them another better king.
Annoyed with being pestered in this way, Jupiter sent a stork to rule over them, who upon coming among them began to
eat them as fast as he could.

The frogs asking for a king

Time was when the Frogs were discontented because they had no one to rule over them: so they sent a deputation to
Jupiter to ask him to give them a King. Jupiter, despising the folly of their request, cast a log into the pool where they
lived, and said that that should be their King. The Frogs were terrified at first by the splash, and scuttled away into the
deepest parts of the pool; but by and by, when they saw that the log remained motionless, one by one they ventured to
the surface again, and before long, growing bolder, they began to feel such contempt for it that they even took to sitting
upon it. Thinking that a King of that sort was an insult to their dignity, they sent to Jupiter a second time, and begged him
to take away the sluggish King he had given them, and to give them another and a better one. Jupiter, annoyed at being
pestered in this way, sent a Stork to rule over them, who no sooner arrived among them than he began to catch and eat
the Frogs as fast as he could.

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An olive tree teased a fig tree for losing leaves in a certain season of the year. You, she said, lose your leaves every
autumn, and are bare until spring, whereas I, as you see, am always green and lustrous all the year round. Soon after such
a heavy snow landed on the leaves of the olive that she bent and broke under the weight. But the flakes fell harmlessly
among the bare branches of the fig tree, who survived to bear many fruits again.

THE OLIVE-TREE AND THE FIG-TREE

An Olive-tree taunted a Fig-tree with the loss of her leaves at a certain season of the year. "You," she said, "lose your
leaves every autumn, and are bare till the spring: whereas I, as you see, remain green and flourishing all the year round."
Soon afterwards there came a heavy fall of snow, which settled on the leaves of the Olive so that she bent and broke
under the weight; but the flakes fell harmlessly through the bare branches of the Fig, which survived to bear many another
crop

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THE LION AND THE BOAR

One hot and thirsty day in the height of summer a Lion and a Boar came down to a little spring at the same moment to
drink. In a trice they were quarrelling as to who should drink first. The quarrel soon became a fight and they attacked one
another with the utmost fury. Presently, stopping for a moment to take breath, they saw some vultures seated on a rock
above evidently waiting for one of them to be killed, when they would fly down and feed upon the carcase. The sight
sobered them at once, and they made up their quarrel, saying, "We had much better be friends than fight and be eaten by
vultures."

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THE WALNUT-TREE

A Walnut-tree, which grew by the roadside, bore every year a plentiful crop of nuts. Every one who passed by pelted its
branches with sticks and stones, in order to bring down the fruit, and the tree suffered severely. "It is hard," it cried, "that
the very persons who enjoy my fruit should thus reward me with insults and blows

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A man and a lion traveling together as companions were talking when they began to boast about their bravery, and each
insisted that he was superior to the other in strength and courage. They were still having a heated argument when they
got to a crossroads where there was a statue of a man strangling a lion. There! said the man triumphantly, Look, that
proves that we are stronger than you, doesnt it? No so fast, my friend, said the lion: that is only your opinion of the
case. If we lions make statues, you can be sure that in most of them you will see men underneath.

Every problem has two sides.

THE MAN AND THE LION

A Man and a Lion were companions on a journey, and in the course of conversation they began to boast about their
prowess, and each claimed to be superior to the other in strength and courage. They were still arguing with some heat
when they came to a cross-road where there was a statue of a Man strangling a Lion. "There!" said the Man triumphantly,
"look at that! Doesn't that prove to you that we are stronger than you?" "Not so fast, my friend," said the Lion: "that is
only your view of the case. If we Lions could make statues, you may be sure that in most of them you would see the Man
underneath."

There are two sides to every question


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A tortoise was unhappy with his lowly life, and so envious of the birds which could fly in the sky that he begged an eagle
to teach him to fly. The eagle insisted that his trying was of no use, for the nature did not endow him with wings, but the
tortoise pressed him with pleas and promises of treasure, insisting that it was only a question of learning a skill in the air.
So at last the eagle agreed to do his best he could for him and picked him up with his talons. When he soared high in the
sky with him he let him go, and the wretched tortoise fell headlong and was torn into pieces on a rock.

THE TORTOISE AND THE EAGLE

A Tortoise, discontented with his lowly life, and envious of the birds he saw disporting themselves in the air, begged an
Eagle to teach him to fly. The Eagle protested that it was idle for him to try, as nature had not provided him with wings;
but the Tortoise pressed him with entreaties and promises of treasure, insisting that it could only be a question of learning
the craft of the air. So at length the Eagle consented to do the best he could for him, and picked him up in his talons.
Soaring with him to a great height in the sky he then let him go, and the wretched Tortoise fell headlong and was dashed
to pieces on a rock.

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A kid climbed up to the top of an outhouse, attracted by the grass and other things that grew on the thatch; and standing
there and looking about far, he saw a wolf passing below and jeered at him, for he could not reach him. The wolf just
looked up and said. I hear you, my little friend, but its not you that laughs at me, but the roof on which you stand.

THE KID ON THE HOUSETOP


A Kid climbed up on to the roof of an outhouse, attracted by the grass and other things that grew in the thatch; and as
he stood there browsing away, he caught sight of a Wolf passing below, and jeered at him because he couldn't reach him.
The Wolf only looked up and said, "I hear you, my young friend; but it is not you who mock me, but the roof on which
you are standing."

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Once a fox fell into a trap, and after struggling managed to get out, but he lost his brush. Since then he was so
embarrassed with his appearance that he thought life was not worth living unless he persuaded the other foxes to cut off
their tails so that he might distract them from his own loss. So he called a meeting of all the foxes, and advised them to
cut off their tails. They are ugly anyway, he said, Moreover they are so heavy that it is tiresome to carry them all the time.
But one of the other foxes said, My friend, if you had not lost your tail, you would not be so eager to make us lose ours.

the fox without a tail

A fox once fell into a trap, and after a struggle managed to get free, but with the loss of his brush. He was then so much
ashamed of his appearance that he thought life was not worth living unless he could persuade the other Foxes to part
with their tails also, and thus divert attention from his own loss. So he called a meeting of all the Foxes, and advised them
to cut off their tails: "They're ugly things anyhow," he said, "and besides they're heavy, and it's tiresome to be always
carrying them about with you." But one of the other Foxes said, "My friend, if you hadn't lost your own tail, you wouldn't
be so keen on getting us to cut off ours."

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Jupiter announced that he would elect a king over all the birds, and appointed the day when they would appear before his
throne and he would make the most beautiful of them their ruler. Eager to look their best on the occasion, they went to a
stream, where they busied themselves washing and grooming their plumage. A jackdaw who was there among the rest
realized that with his ugly feathers he had no chance of being elected as he was: so he waited until they were all gone,
and then picked up the loudest of the feathers that they had left behind, with the result that he looked more fanciful than
any other bird. When the appointed day came, the birds gathered in front of the throne of Jupiter, who after passing
scanning them was about to make the jackdaw king, when all the other birds sprang at the king-elect and plucked the
feathers that he had borrowed and exposed him as a jackdaw he was.

THE VAIN JACKDAW

Jupiter announced that he intended to appoint a king over the birds, and named a day on which they were to appear
before his throne, when he would select the most beautiful of them all to be their ruler. Wishing to look their best on the
occasion they repaired to the banks of a stream, where they busied themselves in washing and preening their feathers.
The Jackdaw was there along with the rest, and realised that, with his ugly plumage, he would have no chance of being
chosen as he was: so he waited till they were all gone, and then picked up the most gaudy of the feathers they had
dropped, and fastened them about his own body, with the result that he looked gayer than any of them. When the
appointed day came, the birds assembled before Jupiter's throne; and, after passing them in review, he was about to make
the Jackdaw king, when all the rest set upon the king-elect, stripped him of his borrowed plumes, and exposed him for the
Jackdaw that he was

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A traveler who was about to set out for a journey said to his dog who was stretching himself at the door, Hey, what are
you yawning for? Get ready: I will let you come with me. But the dog just wagged his tail and said quietly, Im ready,
master: It is you that Im waiting for.

THE TRAVELLER AND HIS DOG

A Traveller was about to start on a journey, and said to his Dog, who was stretching himself by the door, "Come, what are
you yawning for? Hurry up and get ready: I mean you to go with me." But the Dog merely wagged his tail and said quietly,
"I'm ready, master: it's you I'm waiting for.

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A shipwrecked man washed on the seashore fell asleep after struggling with the waves. When he woke up he bitterly
blamed the sea for its betrayal, saying that the sea tempted men with the calm, smiling surface, and then after they were
well aboard the ship, enraged, rushed at them and destroy both the ship and the seamen. The sea arose in a figure of a
woman and replied, Do not blame me, Seaman, but the winds. By nature I am as calm and safe as the land itself: but the
winds fall upon me with gusts and gales, and lash me into wrath, which is not natural to me.

THE SHIPWRECKED MAN AND THE SEA

A Shipwrecked Man cast up on the beach fell asleep after his struggle with the waves. When he woke up, he bitterly
reproached the Sea for its treachery in enticing men with its smooth and smiling surface, and then, when they were well
embarked, turning in fury upon them and sending both ship and sailors to destruction. The Sea arose in the form of a
woman, and replied, "Lay not the blame on me, O sailor, but on the Winds. By nature I am as calm and safe as the land
itself: but the Winds fall upon me with their gusts and gales, and lash me into a fury that is not natural to me."

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A wild boar was engaged in grinding his tusks against a tree trunk when a passing fox saw what he was doing and said to
him, Why are you doing such a thing, indeed? The huntsmen did not come out today, and I see no other danger. Thats
right, my friend, replied the wild boar, But when my life is in peril I will have to use my tusks. I will have no time to
sharpen them then.

THE WILD BOAR AND THE FOX

A Wild Boar was engaged in whetting his tusks upon the trunk of a tree in the forest when a Fox came by and, seeing
what he was at, said to him, "Why are you doing that, pray? The huntsmen are not out to-day, and there are no other
dangers at hand that I can see." "True, my friend," replied the Boar, "but the instant my life is in danger I shall need to use
my tusks. There'll be no time to sharpen them then."

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MERCURY AND THE SCULPTOR

Mercury was so curious to know how he was appreciated by mankind; so he disguised himself as a man and walked into
the studio of a sculptor, where there were some statues completed and ready for sale. Among the rest he saw a statue of
Jupiter and asked its price. One crown, said the sculptor. Is that all? he said laughing. Then (pointing to one of Juno)
how much is that? That, was the reply, is half a crown. Then how much would you ask for that over there? he
continued, pointing to a statue of himself. That? said the sculptor, Ah, I will give that away if you buy the other two.
Mercury was very anxious to know in what estimation he was held by mankind; so he disguised himself as a man and
walked into a Sculptor's studio, where there were a number of statues finished and ready for sale. Seeing a statue of
Jupiter among the rest, he inquired the price of it. "A crown," said the Sculptor. "Is that all?" said he, laughing; "and"
(pointing to one of Juno) "how much is that one?" "That," was the reply, "is half a crown." "And how much might you be
wanting for that one over there, now?" he continued, pointing to a statue of himself. "That one?" said the Sculptor; "Oh, I'll
throw him in for nothing if you'll buy the other two."

Mercury ( ; () ; Hermes )

Jupiter ( ; Zeus)

Juno (? Jupiter ; Hera ,


. one of Juno /
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THE FAWN AND HIS MOTHER

A hind said to her fawn, which had now grown well and was strong. My son, nature gave you a strong body and a stout
pair of antlers, but I dont see why you are such a coward that you run away from hounds. Just then they both heard a
pack cry at the top of their voice, but at a distance. You stay here, said the hind; Never mind me: then she scampered as
fast as her legs could carry her.

A Hind said to her Fawn, who was now well grown and strong, "My son, Nature has given you a powerful body and a
stout pair of horns, and I can't think why you are such a coward as to run away from the hounds." Just then they both
heard the sound of a pack in full cry, but at a considerable distance. "You stay where you are," said the Hind; "never mind
me": and with that she ran off as fast as her legs could carry her

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THE FOX AND THE LION

A fox who had never seen a lion one day met one, and was so frightened that he thought that soon he would die of fear.
After a while when he met him again he was still quite frightened, but not as frightened as when he first met him. But
when he saw him for a third time he was so brave that he went and began to talk to him as if he knew him for all his life.

A Fox who had never seen a Lion one day met one, and was so terrified at the sight of him that he was ready to die with
fear. After a time he met him again, and was still rather frightened, but not nearly so much as he had been when he met
him first. But when he saw him for the third time he was so far from being afraid that he went up to him and began to
talk to him as if he had known him all his life.

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THE EAGLE AND HIS CAPTOR

A man once caught an eagle, clipped his wings, and released him among the fowls in the pen, where he moped in a
corner, dismayed and desolate. After a while his captor was glad to sell him to his neighbor, who took him to his home
and let his wings grow again. The eagle, on regaining the use of them, flew out and caught a hare, which he brought
home and offered to his benefactor. A fox saw this and said to the eagle, Dont waste your gift on him! Go to the man
who had first caught you and give it to him; Make him your friend, and he probably wont catch you again and clip your
wings.
A Man once caught an Eagle, and after clipping his wings turned him loose among the fowls in his hen-house, where he
moped in a corner, looking very dejected and forlorn. After a while his Captor was glad enough to sell him to a neighbour,
who took him home and let his wings grow again. As soon as he had recovered the use of them, the Eagle flew out and
caught a hare, which he brought home and presented to his benefactor. A fox observed this, and said to the Eagle, "Don't
waste your gifts on him! Go and give them to the man who first caught you; make him your friend, and then perhaps he
won't catch you and clip your wings a second time."

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THE BLACKSMITH AND HIS DOG

A blacksmith raised a little dog, who slept when his master was working, and was wide awake at meal times. One day his
master pretended to be fed up with this deed, and throwing him a bone as usual said, What the hell is the use of a
mongrel like you? When I busy myself hammering at the anvil you just curl up and sleep: when I stop working and think
of having a bite to eat you wake up and wag your tail for food.

Those who do not work deserve to starve.

A Blacksmith had a little Dog, which used to sleep when his master was at work, but was very wide awake indeed when it
was time for meals. One day his master pretended to be disgusted at this, and when he had thrown him a bone as usual,
he said, "What on earth is the good of a lazy cur like you? When I am hammering away at my anvil, you just curl up and
go to sleep: but no sooner do I stop for a mouthful of food than you wake up and wag your tail to be fed."

Those who will not work deserve to starve

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THE STAG AT THE POOL

A thirsty stag went down a pool to drink some water. Stooping over the surface of the water he saw his own image
reflected on the water, and was fascinated with his beautifully spread antlers, but at the same time he felt nothing but
disgust for the weakness and thinness of his legs. While he stood there looking at himself he was spotted and attacked by
a lion; but in the subsequent chase, he soon gained on the chaser, and kept ahead as long as the land where he ran was
open and treeless. But when he got to a forest he got his antlers stuck in the branches, and was prey to the teeth and
claws of his enemy. Alas me! he cried his last breath. I overlooked my legs, when they could have saved my life: but I
worshipped my antlers, which turned out to be my ruin.

A thirsty Stag went down to a pool to drink. As he bent over the surface he saw his own reflection in the water, and was
struck with admiration for his fine spreading antlers, but at the same time he felt nothing but disgust for the weakness
and slenderness of his legs. While he stood there looking at himself, he was seen and attacked by a Lion; but in the chase
which ensued, he soon drew away from his pursuer, and kept his lead as long as the ground over which he ran was
open and free of trees. But coming presently to a wood, he was caught by his antlers in the branches, and fell a victim to
the teeth and claws of his enemy. "Woe is me!" he cried with his last breath; "I despised my legs, which might have saved
my life: but I gloried in my horns, and they have proved my ruin."

What is worth most is often valued least.

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The dog and the shadow

A dog was crossing a plank over the stream with a piece of meat in his mouth, when he happened to see his own
reflection on the water. He thought that it was another dog with a piece of meat twice as big as his; so he let go of his,
and jumped at the other dog to take the bigger morsel. But, of course, what happened as a result was that he only missed
both; for one was merely a shadow, and the other got carried away in the running water.

A Dog was crossing a plank bridge over a stream with a piece of meat in his mouth, when he happened to see his own
reflection in the water. He thought it was another dog with a piece of meat twice as big; so he let go [of] his own, and
flew at the other dog to get the larger piece. But, of course, all that happened was that he got neither; for one was only
a shadow, and the other was carried away by the current

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THE MICE AND THE WEASELS

There was war between the mice and the weasels, in which the mice were defeated every time, and countless numbers of
them were eaten by the weasels. So they called a convention of war, in which an old mouse got up and said, It is no
wonder that we get eaten every time, for we have no general who will make plans for our battle and command our
movement in battlefield. Following his advice, they elected the biggest mice leaders who, in order to distinguish
themselves from the rank and file, provided themselves with helmets with something like large plumage made of straw.
They then led the mice to battle, confident of victory: but they got defeated as usual, and presently ran into their hole as
fast as possible. All escaped to the safe place without difficulty except for the leaders, who could not get into the hole
owing to their insignia of their ranks got in the way and fell easy prey to the chasers.

There was war between the Mice and the Weasels, in which the Mice always got the worst of it, numbers of them being
killed and eaten by the Weasels. So they called a council of war, in which an old Mouse got up and said, "It's no wonder
we are always beaten, for we have no generals to plan our battles and direct our movements in the field." Acting on his
advice, they chose the biggest Mice to be their leaders, and these, in order to be distinguished from the rank and file,
provided themselves with helmets bearing large plumes of straw. They then led out the Mice to battle, confident of victory:
but they were defeated as usual, and were soon scampering as fast as they could to their holes. All made their way to
safety without difficulty except the leaders, who were so hampered by the badges of their rank that they could not get
into their holes, and fell easy victims to their pursuers.

Greatness carries its own penalties

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THE PEACOCK AND JUNO

A peacock was so discontented because he did not have a voice as beautiful as a nightingale had, so he went and
complained to Juno about it. The song of nightingale, said he, is the envy of all the birds; but whenever I make a sound
Im a laughing stock. The goddess tried to console him by saying, You do not have, it is true, the ability to sing, but still
you outwit all the rest with beauty: your neck glows like emerald, and your splendid tail is a mystery of brilliant colors. But
it did not console the peacock. What is the use, said he, of beauty, with a voice like mine? And Juno replied with a tone
of a little sternness, Fortune endowed to all their destined gifts: to you beauty, to the eagle strength, to the nightingale
song, and to the rest what suits each of them; but you alone are dissatisfied with your lot. Then complain no more. For if
your wish is granted now, you will soon find a reason for a new discontent.

The Peacock was greatly discontented because he had not a beautiful voice like the nightingale, and he went and
complained to Juno about it. "The nightingale's song," said he, "is the envy of all the birds; but whenever I utter a sound I
become a laughing-stock." The goddess tried to console him by saying, "You have not, it is true, the power of song, but
then you far excel all the rest in beauty: your neck flashes like the emerald and your splendid tail is a marvel of gorgeous
colour." But the Peacock was not appeased. "What is the use," said he, "of being beautiful, with a voice like mine?" Then
Juno replied, with a shade of sternness in her tones, "Fate has allotted to all their destined gifts: to yourself beauty, to the
eagle strength, to the nightingale song, and so on to all the rest in their degree; but you alone are dissatisfied with your
portion. Make, then, no more complaints. For, if your present wish were granted, you would quickly find cause for fresh
discontent."

peacock, peacock , peacock


. peahen. cock = / hen = ( , )

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The Bear and the Fox

A bear once boasted about his generous feelings, and said how refined he was compared with the other animals. (There is,
in fact, a tradition that bears do not touch a dead body.) A fox, hearing what he said in this tone, smiled and said, My
friend, when you are hungry, my only wish is that you confine your interest to the dead and leave the living alone.

A hypocrite deceives nobody but himself.

A Bear was once bragging about his generous feelings, and saying how refined he was compared with other animals.
(There is, in fact, a tradition that a Bear will never touch a dead body.) A Fox, who heard him talking in this strain, smiled
and said, "My friend, when you are hungry, I only wish you would confine your attention to the dead and leave the living
alone." Would you ?

A hypocrite deceives no one but himself.

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THE ASS AND THE OLD PEASANT

An old peasant sat on the meadows watching his ass, which was grazing nearby, when all of a sudden he caught sight of
some armed men approaching stealthily. He got to his feet after a while, and begged his ass to run with him as fast as
they could. Or else, he said, we will both be seized by the enemies. But the ass just looked round lazily and said, And if
so, do you think they will make me bear loads heavier than I have to carry now? No, said his master. Oh, fine, then, said
the ass, I dont mind if they do take me away, for I shall not be the worse for it.

An old Peasant was sitting in a meadow watching his Ass, which was grazing close by, when all of a sudden he caught
sight of armed men stealthily approaching. He jumped up in a moment, and begged the Ass to fly with him as fast as he
could, "Or else," said he, "we shall both be captured by the enemy." But the Ass just looked round lazily and said, "And if
so, do you think they'll make me carry heavier loads than I have to now?" "No," said his master. "Oh, well, then," said the
Ass, "I don't mind if they do take me, for I shan't be any worse off."

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THE OX AND THE FROG

Two little frogs were playing about at the edge of a pool when an ox came down to the water to drink, then by accident
trampled one of them and crushed out his life. An old frog missed him and asked his brother where he was. Hes dead,
mother, said the little frog; An enormous big beast with four legs came to our pool this morning and treaded on him in
the mire. Enormous, was he? Like this? said the frog, expanding herself to look as big as possible. Oh! yes, much bigger,
was the reply. The frog blew out herself even more. Was he as big as this? she said. Oh! yes, yes, mother, much much
bigger. said the little frog. And again she blew herself out more and more until she was almost as round as a ball. Like ?
she was about to say, then she burst.

Two little Frogs were playing about at the edge of a pool when an Ox came down to the water to drink, and by accident
trod on one of them and crushed the life out of him. When the old Frog missed him, she asked his brother where he was.
"He is dead, mother," said the little Frog; "an enormous big creature with four legs came to our pool this morning and
trampled him down in the mud." "Enormous, was he? Was he as big as this?" said the Frog, puffing herself out to look as
big as possible. "Oh! yes, much bigger," was the answer. The Frog puffed herself out still more. "Was he as big as this?"
said she. "Oh! yes, yes, mother, MUCH bigger," said the little Frog. And yet again she puffed and puffed herself out till she
was almost as round as a ball. "As big as...?" she beganbut then she burst

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THE MAN AND THE IMAGE

A poor man had a wooden image to which he used to pray every day for wealth. He had done this for a long time, but he
was still poor, until one day he picked up the image in disgust and hurled it as hard as he could against a wall. The impact
of the blow split its head open and a quantity of gold coins fell on the floor. The man gathered them greedily and said, O
you old fraud, you! When I worshipped you, you did not help me at all: but as soon as I give you insult and violence you
make a rich man out of me!

A poor Man had a wooden Image of a god, to which he used to pray daily for riches. He did this for a long time, but
remained as poor as ever, till one day he caught up the Image in disgust and hurled it with all his strength against the
wall. The force of the blow split open the head and a quantity of gold coins fell out upon the floor. The Man gathered
them up greedily, and said, "O you old fraud, you! When I honoured you, you did me no good whatever: but no sooner
do I treat you to insults and violence than you make a rich man of me!"

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HERCULES AND THE WAGGONER

A wagoner was driving his team along a muddy road fully loaded behind, when a wheel of the wagon sunk so deep in the
mire that no matter how hard the horses tried they could not move. He stood there looking on helplessly, then called out
at intervals Heracles for help, when a god himself turned up and said to him, Put your shoulders on the wheel, Man, and
strike your horses with the stick, then you may call Hercules for help. If you will not lift a finger to help yourself, you must
not expect Hercules or anyone else to come to your aid.

A Waggoner was driving his team along a muddy lane with a full load behind them, when [ ;
] the wheels of his waggon sank so deep in the
mire that no efforts of his horses could move them. As he stood there, looking helplessly on, and calling loudly at intervals
upon Hercules for assistance, the god himself appeared, and said to him, "Put your shoulder to the wheel, man, and goad
on your horses, and then you may call on Hercules to assist you. If you won't lift a finger to help yourself, you can't expect
Hercules or anyone else to come to your aid."

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THE LION, THE BEAR, AND THE FOX

A lion and a bear were fighting over the possession of a child, whom they had seized at once. The battle was long and
fierce, and at last, both exhausted, they lay on the ground deeply wounded and gasping for breath. A fox was prowling
about all the while watching the fight: seeing the combatants lying there too weak to move, he slipped in, snatched the
child, and ran off with him. They looked on helplessly, until one said to the other, Here we were wounding each other for
quite a time, and no one gained from it except the fox.

A Lion and a Bear were fighting for possession of a kid, which they had both seized at the same moment. The battle was
long and fierce, and at length both of them were exhausted, and lay upon the ground severely wounded and gasping for
breath. A Fox had all the time been prowling round and watching the fight: and when he saw the combatants lying there
too weak to move, he slipped in and seized the kid, and ran off with it. They looked on helplessly, and one said to the
other, "Here we've been mauling each other all this while, and no one the better for it except the Fox!"

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THE BLACKAMOOR

A man once bought an Ethiopian slave, who had a black skin like any other Ethiopian; but his new master thought that his
color was due to the neglect of his former master, and that all he wanted was a good scrubbing. So he set to work with
plenty of soap and hot water, and rubbed him with a will, but to no avail: his skin was still as black as ever, while the poor
wretch nearly died of a cold he caught.

A Man once bought an Ethiopian slave, who had a black skin like all Ethiopians; but his new master thought his colour
was due to his late owner's having neglected him, and that all he wanted was a good scrubbing. So he set to work with
plenty of soap and hot water, and rubbed away at him with a will, but all to no purpose: his skin remained as black as
ever, while the poor wretch all but died from the cold he caught.

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THE TWO SOLDIERS AND THE ROBBER

Two soldiers were traveling together when they came across a robber. One of them ran away, but the other stood his
ground wielding his sword, so the robber could not help but run off and leave him alone. When the coast was clear the
timid man ran back, and wielding his weapon, cried in a threatening voice, Where is he? I will face him, and soon I will let
him know who he has to face. But the other replied, Youre a little late, my friend: I only wish you had supported me just
now, even if you had done nothing but talk, then I would have been encouraged, believing what you say to be true. As it
is, calm down, and hold your sword: there is no use for it anymore. You may deceive others into believing that you are as
brave as a lion: but I know, at the first sign of danger, you run away like a hare.
Two Soldiers travelling together were set upon by a Robber. One of them ran away, but the other stood his ground, and
laid about him so lustily with his sword that the Robber was fain to fly and leave him in peace. When the coast was clear
the timid one ran back, and, flourishing his weapon, cried in a threatening voice, "Where is he? Let me get at him, and I'll
soon let him know whom he's got to deal with." But the other replied, "You are a little late, my friend: I only wish you had
backed me up just now, even if you had done no more than speak, for I should have been encouraged, believing your
words to be true. As it is, calm yourself, and put up your sword: there is no further use for it. You may delude others into
thinking you're as brave as a lion: but I know that, at the first sign of danger, you run away like a hare."

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THE LION AND THE WILD ASS

A lion and a wild ass went out together hunting: the latter was to chase a prey with his superior speed, and then the
former was to appear and kill it. They hit it big; When the time came to share the spoil the lion divided it into three equal
parts. I will have the first, he said, for I am the king of the beasts; I will also have the second, for, as your partner, I am
entitled to a half of the restwell, unless you hand it to me and run off, the third, you can believe me, will make you very
sorry.

Might makes right.

A Lion and a Wild Ass went out hunting together: the latter was to run down the prey by his superior speed, and the
former would then come up and despatch it. They met with great success; and when it came to sharing the spoil the Lion
divided it all into three equal portions. "I will take the first," said he, "because I am King of the beasts; I will also take the
second, because, as your partner, I am entitled to half of what remains; and as for the thirdwell, unless you give it up to
me and take yourself off pretty quick, the third, believe me, will make you feel very sorry for yourself!"

Might makes right

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THE MAN AND THE SATYR

A man and a satyr, having made friends, determined to live together. All went well for some time, until one day in
wintertime the satyr saw the man blowing on his hands. Why are you doing that? he asked. To warm my hands. said the
man. On the same day, when they sat to have supper together, they each were eating a steamy hot bowl of porridge, and
the man lifted the bowl to his mouth and blew on it. Why are you doing that? said the satyr. To cool my porridge, said
the man. The satyr got up from the table. Good-bye, he said, Im going: I cannot be friends with a man who blows hot
and cold with the same breath.

A Man and a Satyr became friends, and determined to live together. All went well for a while, until one day in winter-time
the Satyr saw the Man blowing on his hands. "Why do you do that?" he asked. "To warm my hands," said the Man. That
same day, when they sat down to supper together, they each had a steaming hot bowl of porridge, and the Man raised
his bowl to his mouth and blew on it. "Why do you do that?" asked the Satyr. "To cool my porridge," said the Man. The
Satyr got up from the table. "Good-bye," said he, "I'm going: I can't be friends with a man who blows hot and cold with
the same breath."

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THE IMAGE-SELLER

A man made a wooden image of Mercury, and took it to market to sell. When nobody came to buy it, however, he
thought he would try to tempt buyers by advertising the virtues of the image. So he went up and down the market
shouting A god for sale! A god for sale! A god who will bring you luck and keep you lucky! By and by an onlooker called
him and said, If your god is what you claim it to be, why dont you worship him and benefit yourself? Ill tell you why,
was his reply; He brings benefits, it is true, but it takes time for him to do that; but I need money right now.

A certain man made a wooden Image of Mercury, and exposed it for sale in the market. As no one offered to buy it,
however, he thought he would try to attract a purchaser by proclaiming the virtues of the Image. So he cried up and
down the market, "A god for sale! a god for sale! One who'll bring you luck and keep you lucky!" Presently one of the
bystanders stopped him and said, "If your god is all you make him out to be, how is it you don't keep him and make the
most of him yourself?" "I'll tell you why," replied he; "he brings gain, it is true, but he takes his time about it; whereas I
want money at once."

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THE EAGLE AND THE ARROW

An eagle sat perched on a high rock, searching for prey with his sharp eyes. A hunter, hiding in the vale and looking for
game, noticed him there and shot an arrow at him. The shaft hit him right in the chest and pierced him through and
through. As he lay in the agony of death, he turned his gaze upon the arrow. Ah! the cruel fortune! he cried, I should die
like this: But oh! the fortune is more cruel, that the arrow that kills me is winged with the feather of an eagle!

An Eagle sat perched on a lofty rock, keeping a sharp look-out for prey. A huntsman, concealed in a cleft of the mountain
and on the watch for game, spied him there and shot an Arrow at him. The shaft struck him full in the breast and pierced
him through and through. As he lay in the agonies of death, he turned his eyes upon the Arrow. "Ah! cruel fate!" he cried,
"that I should perish thus: but oh! fate more cruel still, that the Arrow which kills me should be winged with an Eagle's
feathers!

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THE RICH MAN AND THE TANNER


A rich man set his residence next door to a tanner, and found the smell of his workshop so disgusting that he told him he
should go. The tanner put off leaving, and the rich man had to tell him about it several times, and every time the tanner
said that he was preparing to move soon. This went on for some time, until at last the rich man got so accustomed to the
smell that he stopped minding it, and no longer challenged the tanner.

A Rich Man took up his residence next door to a Tanner, and found the smell of the tan-yard so extremely unpleasant that
he told him he must go. The Tanner delayed his departure, and the Rich Man had to speak to him several times about it;
and every time the Tanner said he was making arrangements to move very shortly. This went on for some time, till at last
the Rich Man got so used to the smell that he ceased to mind it, and troubled the Tanner with his objections no more

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THE WOLF, THE MOTHER, AND HER CHILD

A hungry wolf was prowling about looking for food. By and by, attracted by cries of a child, he got to a cottage. He
crouched under the window hearing the mother saying to her child, Stop crying, already! Or I will throw you to a wolf.
Believing her words to be true, he waited there for long expecting to sate his hunger. In the evening he heard the mother
fondling her child and saying: If the bad wolf comes, he will not be able to take my child: Dad will kill him. The wolf got
up in disgust and went off: People in that house, he said to himself, You cant believe a word they say.

A hungry Wolf was prowling about in search of food. By and by, attracted by the cries of a Child, he came to a cottage. As
he crouched beneath the window, he heard the Mother say to the Child, "Stop crying, do! or I'll throw you to the Wolf."
Thinking she really meant what she said, he waited there a long time in the expectation of satisfying his hunger. In the
evening he heard the Mother fondling her Child and saying, "If the naughty Wolf comes, he shan't get my little one:
Daddy will kill him." The Wolf got up in much disgust and walked away: "As for the people in that house," said he to
himself, "you can't believe a word they say.

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The hare and the tortoise

A hare once was taunting a tortoise for his terribly slow walking. Wait a minute, said the tortoise, I will run a race with
you, and I will bet I win. Oh, good, replied the hare, very delighted with the suggestion. Lets give it a try; And soon it
was agreed that a fox would set a course for them, and be the judge. When the time came both started together, and the
hare, running far ahead, thought he might take a rest: so down he lay and fell into a deep sleep. Meanwhile the tortoise
plodded on, until finally he reached the goal. At last the hare started and woke up, ran as fast as he could, only to find
that the tortoise had won the race.

Slow and steady wins the race.

A Hare was one day making fun of a Tortoise for being so slow upon his feet. "Wait a bit," said the Tortoise; "I'll run a
race with you, and I'll wager that I win." "Oh, well," replied the Hare, who was much amused at the idea, "let's try and see";
and it was soon agreed that the fox should set a course for them, and be the judge. When the time came both started off
together, but the Hare was soon so far ahead that he thought he might as well have a rest: so down he lay and fell fast
asleep. Meanwhile the Tortoise kept plodding on, and in time reached the goal. At last the Hare woke up with a start,
and dashed on at his fastest, but only to find that the Tortoise had already won the race.

Slow and steady wins the race

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THE SOLDIER AND HIS HORSE


A soldier provided his horse with plenty of oats in wartime, and took good care of him, for he wanted the horse to be
strong enough to endure the hardships in the field, and swift enough to let him out of danger. But when the war was over
he made him do all kinds of hard chores, paid little attention to him, and moreover, gave him nothing to eat except chaff.
When the time of war came again, the soldier saddled and bridled his horse, and wearing a heavy coat of mail, mounted
him to ride him to battle. But the poor half-starved beast collapsed under his weight, and said to his rider above, You will
have to walk to the field this time. Thanks to the hard labor and bad food, you turned me from a horse to an ass; and you
cant turn me back into a horse in a moment.

A Soldier gave his Horse a plentiful supply of oats in time of war, and tended him with the utmost care, for he wished him
to be strong (enough , ) to endure the hardships of the field, and swift to bear his master, when need
arose, out of the reach of danger. But when the war was over he employed him on all sorts of drudgery, bestowing but
little attention upon him, and giving him, moreover, nothing but chaff to eat. The time came when war broke out again,
and the Soldier saddled and bridled his Horse, and, having put on his heavy coat of mail, mounted him to ride off and
take the field. But the poor half-starved beast sank down under his weight, and said to his rider, "You will have to go into
battle on foot this time. Thanks to hard work and bad food, you have turned me from a Horse into an ass; and you cannot
in a moment turn me back again into a Horse.

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THE OXEN AND THE BUTCHERS

Once upon a time the oxen determined to be revenged on the butchers for the slaughter they had done to them, and
plotted to put them to death on a given day. They were gathered together and discussed how best to carry out the plan,
and the most violent of them were engaged in grinding their horns for the fight, when an old ox got to his feet and said,
My brothers, you have good reason to hate these butchers, I know, but, anyway, they understand their trade and do what
they have to do without afflicting unnecessary pain. But if we kill them, other people, with no experience, will set out to
slaughter us, and make us suffer severely with their bungling. For you may be sure, even if all the butchers perish,
mankind will never go without beef.
Once upon a time the Oxen determined to be revenged upon the Butchers for the havoc they wrought in their ranks,
and plotted to put them to death on a given day. They were all gathered together discussing how best to carry out the
plan, and the more violent of them were engaged in sharpening their horns for the fray, when an old Ox got up upon his
feet and said, "My brothers, you have good reason, I know, to hate these Butchers, but, at any rate, they understand their
trade and do what they have to do without causing unnecessary pain. But if we kill them, others, who have no experience,
will be set to slaughter us, and will by their bungling inflict great sufferings upon us. For you may be sure that, even
though all the Butchers perish, mankind will never go without their beef."

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THE WOLF AND THE LION

A wolf stole a sheep from a flock, and was carrying it off to devour it at his leisure when he met a lion, who took his prey
and walked off with it. He dared not protest, but when the lion had gone some distance he said, It is extremely unfair that
you take what is mine thus. The lion laughed and shouted in reply, It was fairly yours, of course! A gift from your friend,
perhaps, eh?

A wolf stole a lamb from the flock, and was carrying it off to devour it at his leisure when he met a Lion, who took his
prey away from him and walked off with it. He dared not resist, but when the Lion had gone some distance he said, "It is
most unjust of you to take what's mine away from me like that." The Lion laughed and called out in reply, "It was justly
yours, no doubt! The gift of a friend, perhaps, eh?"

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THE SHEEP, THE WOLF, AND THE STAG

A stag once begged a sheep to lend him a measure of wheat, saying that his friend the wolf would be his surety. The
sheep was, however, afraid that they were going to cheat her. So she excused herself saying, The wolf is in the habit of
snatching what he wants and running off with it without paying for it, and you, too, can run much faster than me. So how
can I run after you when the day is due?

Two blacks do not make a white.

A Stag once asked a Sheep to lend him a measure of wheat, saying that his friend the Wolf would be his surety. The
Sheep, however, was afraid that they meant to cheat her; so she excused herself, saying, "The Wolf is in the habit of
seizing what he wants and running off with it without paying, and you, too, can run much faster than I. So how shall I be
able to come up with either of you when the debt falls due?"

Two blacks do not make a white

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THE LION AND THE THREE BULLS

Three bulls were grazing in the meadows, whom a lion was watching, who longed to kill and devour them, but felt that he
was no match for the three so long as they always kept close together. So at first he began with false whispers and
malicious suggestions intended to create jealousy and distrust among them. This stratagem worked so well that before
long the bulls got cold and unfriendly, until they avoided one another and fed apart from each other. The lion, on seeing
this, sprang at them one by one and killed them in turn

The quarrel of friends is an opportunity of enemies.

Three Bulls were grazing in a meadow, and were watched by a Lion, who longed to capture and devour them, but who felt
that he was no match for the three so long as they kept together. So he began by false whispers and malicious hints to
foment jealousies and distrust among them. This stratagem succeeded so well that ere long the Bulls grew cold and
unfriendly, and finally avoided each other and fed each one by himself apart. No sooner did the Lion see this than he fell
upon them one by one and killed them in turn.

The quarrels of friends are the opportunities of foes

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A young man, taking himself for a sort of rider, mounted a horse, which was not properly tamed, and so hard to control.
As soon as the horse felt his weight on the s, he darted off, and nothing seemed to stop him. A friend of the rider s met
him on the road in his careless charge, and cried, Where are you going in such a hurry? To which he, pointing to the
horse, replied, I dont know: ask him.

THE HORSE AND HIS RIDER

A Young Man, who fancied himself something of a horseman, mounted a Horse which had not been properly broken in,
and was exceedingly difficult to control. No sooner did the Horse feel his weight in the saddle than he bolted, and
nothing would stop him. A friend of the Rider's met him in the road in his headlong career, and called out, "Where are
you off to in such a hurry?" To which he, pointing to the Horse, replied, "I've no idea: ask him.

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THE GOAT AND THE VINE

A goat who was straying in the vineyard began to eat tender shoots off the vine with several delicious bunches of grapes.
What have I done to you, said the vine, that you harm me thus? Isnt there enough grass for you to eat? Anyway, even if
you eat up all the leaves I have, and leave me bare, I will produce enough wine to pour on you when you are led to an
altar to be sacrificed.
A Goat was straying in a vineyard, and began to browse on the tender shoots of a Vine which bore several fine bunches
of grapes. "What have I done to you," said the Vine, "that you should harm me thus? Isn't there grass enough for you to
feed on? All the same, even if you eat up every leaf I have, and leave me quite bare, I shall produce wine enough to pour
over you when you are led to the altar to be sacrificed."

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Two pots, one made of earth, the other of brass, got carried down the river in a flood. The brazen pot urged his
companion to keep close to him, who would protect him. The other thanked him, but begged him not to come near him
in any case: For that, he said, is just what I am most afraid of. One touch with you and I will break into pieces.

The same makes best friend.

The Two Pots

Two Pots, one of earthenware and the other of brass, were carried away down a river in flood. The Brazen Pot urged his
companion to keep close by his side, and he would protect him. The other thanked him, but begged him not to come
near him on any account: "For that," he said, "is just what I am most afraid of. One touch from you and I should be
broken in pieces."

Equals make the best friends

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A hound who had served his master well, and chased a lot of game on his heyday, began to lose his strength and speed
with age. One day, while hunting outside, his master started a strong wild boar and made the hound run after him. The
latter seized the beasts ear, but couldnt hold his grip because his teeth were gone; so the boar ran escaped. His master
was about to reproach him severely when the hound interrupted him with these words: My will is as strong as ever, master,
but my flesh is old and weak. Master ought to treat me for what I have been, not for what I am.

THE OLD HOUND

A Hound who had served his master well for years, and had run down many a quarry in his time, began to lose his
strength and speed owing to age. One day, when out hunting, his master started a powerful wild boar and set the Hound
at him. The latter seized the beast by the ear, but his teeth were gone and he could not retain his hold; so the boar
escaped. His master began to scold him severely, but the Hound interrupted him with these words: "My will is as strong as
ever, master, but my body is old and feeble. You ought to honour me for what I have been instead of abusing me for what
I am.

A nobleman announced his intention to have a public entertainment in the theater, and offered big prizes to anyone who
has some novelty to show at the performance. The announcement attracted a crowd of magicians, jugglers, acrobats, and
among the rest was a clown, who was a favorite among the audience, and let it be known that he would show a totally
different feat. When the day came, the theater was filled from top to bottom some time before the entertainment started.
Several performers showed their skills, and then the popular favorite one appeared empty-handed and alone. Immediately
there was a hush of anticipation: he, hanging his head on his chest, imitated the grunts of a pig so perfectly that the
audience insisted that he gave birth to the beast, which, they said, he must have hidden somewhere in his body. He,
however, convinced them that there was no pig there, and there was a deafening applause. Among the spectators was a
countryman, who disparaged the clowns performance and proclaimed that he would show the same feat with even
greater skill the next day. Again the theater was full, and again the clown imitated in the applause of the crowd. The
countryman, meanwhile, before going on stage, hid a young piglet under his clothes; when the audience derisively told
him to do it if he could do better, he pinched it at the ear and made it squeal loudly. But they cried with one voice that
the imitation of the clown looked much more real. Then he produced the pig from under his clothes and said sarcastically,
Here, this shows what kind of judge you are!

,
. , , ,
, , .
, .
, . : ,
, ,
, , . , ,
, . ,
. ,
. , , , ;
,
. .
. , !

THE CLOWN AND THE COUNTRYMAN

A Nobleman announced his intention of giving a public entertainment in the theatre, and offered splendid prizes to all
who had any novelty to exhibit at the performance. The announcement attracted a crowd of conjurers, jugglers, and
acrobats, and among the rest a Clown, very popular with the crowd, who let it be known that he was going to give an
entirely new turn. When the day of the performance came, the theatre was filled from top to bottom some time before
the entertainment began. Several performers exhibited their tricks, and then the popular favourite came on empty-handed
and alone. At once there was a hush of expectation: and he, letting his head fall upon his breast, imitated the squeak of a
pig to such perfection that the audience insisted on his producing the animal, ( ) which, they
said, he must have somewhere concealed about his person. He, however, convinced them that there was no pig there, and
then the applause was deafening. Among the spectators was a Countryman, who disparaged the Clown's performance and
announced that he would give a much superior exhibition of the same trick on the following day. Again the theatre was
filled to overflowing, and again the Clown gave his imitation amidst the cheers of the crowd. The Countryman,
meanwhile, before going on the stage, had secreted a young porker under his smock; and when the spectators derisively
bade him do better if he could, he gave it a pinch in the ear and made it squeal loudly. But they all with one voice
shouted out that the Clown's imitation was much more true to life. Thereupon he produced the pig from under his
smock and said sarcastically, "There, that shows what sort of judges you are!"

, . ,
, , , , .
.
, , . ,
. .
, . ;
. , , ,
: , .

.
A lark nestled in a field of corn, and was rearing her young hidden in the ripening crop. One day, before the young were
full fledged, a farmer came to look at the crops, and, seeing them yellowing rapidly, said, Im going to ask my neighbors
to come and help me harvest this field. One of the young larks overheard him and, frightened, asked his mother if they
had better move house right away. Theres no need to hurry, she said, Those who look to his friends for help will take
time for one thing. A few days later the farmer came by again and saw that the crops were so ripe that they fell off the
ears and to the ground. I must not put it off anymore, he said; Tonight I will hire people to work. The lark heard him and
said to her young, Now, boys, we have to leave: he does not talk about his friends anymore, but is going to work himself.

THE LARK AND THE FARMER

A Lark nested in a field of corn, and was rearing her brood under cover of the ripening grain. One day, before the young
were fully fledged, the Farmer came to look at the crop, and, finding it yellowing fast, he said, "I must send round word
to my neighbours to come and help me reap this field." One of the young Larks overheard him, and was very much
frightened, and asked her mother whether they hadn't better move house at once. "There's no hurry," replied she; "a man
who looks to his friends for help will take his time about a thing." In a few days the Farmer came by again, and saw that
the grain was overripe and falling out of the ears upon the ground. "I must put it off no longer," he said; "This very day I'll
hire the men and set them to work at once." The Lark heard him and said to her young, "Come, my children, we must be
off: he talks no more of his friends now, but is going to take things in hand himself."

Self-help is the best help

.
. , ;
.
; . , , ?
: , , .

A lion and an ass became partners and went hunting together. By and by they got to a cave, in which there were a few
wild goats. The lion stood guard at the mouth of the cave, and waited for them to go out; while the ass went in and
brayed as loud as he could in order to frighten them out of the cave. The lion beat them down one by one each time they
appeared; and when the cave was empty the ass came out and said, Now, I scared them very well, didnt I? I think you
did, said the lion: No, if I hadnt known that you were an ass, I would have turned and run off myself.

THE LION AND THE ASS


A Lion and an Ass set up as partners and went a-hunting together. In course of time they came to a cave in which there
were a number of wild goats. The Lion took up his stand at the mouth of the cave, and waited for them to come out;
while the Ass went inside and brayed for all he was worth in order to frighten them out into the open. The Lion struck
them down one by one as they appeared; and when the cave was empty the Ass came out and said, "Well, I scared them
pretty well, didn't I?" "I should think you did," said the Lion: "why, if I hadn't known you were an Ass, I should have turned
and run myself."

.
, . , ,
. , .
,
.

A prophet sat in the market telling fortunes to anyone who wanted his service. Suddenly a man came running and told
him that his house had been broken into by thieves, who took all they could bear and ran off. He got up presently, and
ran, tearing his hair and cursing the criminals. The onlookers were so delighted, and one of them said, Our friend says
that he knows what will happen to others, but I see he is not clever enough to recognize what is in store for him.

THE PROPHET

A Prophet sat in the market-place and told the fortunes of all who cared to engage his services. Suddenly there came
running up one who told him that his house had been broken into by thieves, and that they had made off with
everything they could lay hands on. He was up in a moment, and rushed off, tearing his hair and calling down curses on
the miscreants. The bystanders were much amused, and one of them said, "Our friend professes to know what is going to
happen to others, but it seems he's not clever enough to perceive what's in store for himself."

, , , ,
.
! , ? ,
?

.
A young hound started a hare, and, when he seized her, at one time snapped at her as if to kill her soon, at another time
released his bite and frolicked about her as if playing with another dog. At last the hare said, I wish you would show your
true colors! If you are my friend, why do you bite me? If you are my enemy, why do you play with me?

He is not a friend who plays double.

THE HOUND AND THE HARE

A young Hound started a Hare, and, when he caught her up, would at one moment snap at her with his teeth as though
he were about to kill her, while at another he would let go his hold and frisk about her, as if he were playing with another
dog. At last the Hare said, "I wish you would show yourself in your true colours! If you are my friend, why do you bite me?
If you are my enemy, why do you play with me?"

He is no friend who plays double.

.
, , , [kill ]; : ,
, . ,
; , , .

A trumpeter marched to battle in the van of the army and encouraged his comrades with his army tune. When he got
captured by the enemies, he begged his life, saying, Dont put me to death; I didnt kill anyone: In fact, I have no weapons,
but I only carry my trumpet here. But his captors replied, That is only the more reason we must take your life; for, though
you dont fight yourself, you induce others to do so.

THE TRUMPETER TAKEN PRISONER

A Trumpeter marched into battle in the van of the army and put courage into his comrades by his warlike tunes. Being
captured by the enemy, he begged for his life, and said, "Do not put me to death; I have killed no one: indeed, I have no
weapons, but carry with me only my trumpet here." But his captors replied, "That is only the more reason why we should
take your life; for, though you do not fight yourself, you stir up others to do so."

The Wolf and the Crane


.
. ; , . ,
. , , ,
? , ? , ;
. ?

A wolf once had a bone stuck in his throat. So he went to a crane and begged her to put her long bill into his throat and
pull it out. I will make it your worthwhile; I will reward you, he added. The crane did as she was asked, and pulled out the
bone quite easily. The wolf thanked her warmly, and was just about to turn away, when she cried, How about my reward?
Well, what about it? the wolf snapped, baring his teeth and saying; All you can do is go about and boast that you once
put your head into the mouth of a wolf and did not have it bitten off. What else do you want?

A Wolf once got a bone stuck in his throat. So he went to a Crane and begged her to put her long bill down his throat
and pull it out. "I'll make it worth your while," he added. The Crane did as she was asked, and got the bone out quite
easily. The Wolf thanked her warmly, and was just turning away, when she cried, "What about that fee of mine?" "Well,
what about it?" snapped the Wolf, baring his teeth as he spoke; "you can go about boasting that you once put your head
into a Wolf's mouth and didn't get it bitten off. What more do you want?"

, ,

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; .
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, . .
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: ,
.

THE EAGLE, THE CAT, AND THE WILD SOW


An Eagle built her nest at the top of a high tree; a Cat with her family occupied a hollow in the trunk half-way down; and
a Wild Sow and her young took up their quarters at the foot. They might have got on very well as neighbours had it not
been for the evil cunning of the Cat. Climbing up to the Eagle's nest she said to the Eagle, "You and I are in the greatest
possible danger. That dreadful creature, the Sow, who is always to be seen grubbing away at the foot of the tree, means to
uproot it, that she may devour your family and mine at her ease." Having thus driven the Eagle almost out of her senses
with terror, the Cat climbed down the tree, and said to the Sow, "I must warn you against that dreadful bird, the Eagle. She
is only waiting her chance to fly down and carry off one of your little pigs when you take them out, to feed her brood
with." She succeeded in frightening the Sow as much as the Eagle. Then she returned to her hole in the trunk, from which,
feigning to be afraid, she never came forth by day. Only by night did she creep out unseen to procure food for her kittens.
The Eagle, meanwhile was afraid to stir from her nest, and the Sow dared not leave her home among the roots: so that in
time both they and their families perished of hunger, and their dead bodies supplied the Cat with ample food for her
growing family

[attack ] , . ,
, , . ?
, . .
, . [. goodbye ]

A wolf was worried and bitten severely by dogs, and lay long for dead. Presently he began to revive, and, feeling very
hungry, called a passing sheep and said, Would you be kind enough to get me some water from the stream nearby? I can
manage meat, if only I can get something to drunk. But this sheep was no fool. I totally understand, he said, that if I get
you water, you will have no difficulty getting your meat. Good morning.

THE WOLF AND THE SHEEP

A Wolf was worried and badly bitten by dogs, and lay a long time for dead. By and by he began to revive, and, feeling
very hungry, called out to a passing Sheep and said, "Would you kindly bring me some water from the stream close by? I
can manage about meat, if only I could get something to drink." But this Sheep was no fool. "I can quite understand", said
he, "that if I brought you the water, you would have no difficulty about the meat. Good-morning.

, ,
. , ,
. .
. .

THE TUNNY-FISH AND THE DOLPHIN

A Tunny-fish was chased by a Dolphin and splashed through the water at a great rate, but the Dolphin gradually gained
upon him, and was just about to seize him when the force of his flight carried the Tunny on to a sandbank. In the heat of
the chase the Dolphin followed him, and there they both lay out of the water, gasping for dear life. When the Tunny saw
that his enemy was doomed like himself, he said, "I don't mind having to die now: for I see that he who is the cause of my
death is about to share the same fate."

A tuna chased by a dolphin darted through water at great speed, but the dolphin gradually gained on him, and when he
was about to seize him his power of flight landed him on the sand. The dolphin, absorbed in the chase, followed him, and
they both lay out of water, gasping for dear breath. When the tuna saw his enemy as doomed as himself he said, I dont
mind having to die now. For I see the cause of my death has to share the same fate as mine.

.
, .
, . .
.

The citizens of a city were debating on the best material for the fortifications to be built for enhanced safety of the city. A
carpenter got up and suggested the use of wood, which he said was always procurable and easy to fashion. A mason
objected to wood on the grounds that it was too inflammable, and recommended stone instead. Then a tanner got up
and said, In my opinion nothing compares to leather.

Everyone to his own.

THE THREE TRADESMEN

The citizens of a certain city were debating about the best material to use in the fortifications which were about to be
erected for the greater security of the town. A Carpenter got up and advised the use of wood, which he said was readily
procurable and easily worked. A Stone-mason objected to wood on the ground that it was so inflammable, and
recommended stones instead. Then a Tanner got on his legs and said, "In my opinion there's nothing like leather."
Every man for himself

: .
, . ,
. , ,
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, , :
.

A bull was chasing a mouse, which had bitten his nose: but the mouse was so quick for him that he slipped into a hole in
the wall. The bull, enraged, charged and charged into the wall until he tired out, and fell on the ground exhausted with his
efforts. When all was quiet, the mouse ran out and bit him again. Beside himself with anger, he sprang on his feet, but
then the mouse went back into his hole, and he had nothing to do but yell and gasp in helpless rage. Soon he heard a
squeaking little voice from the wall, You big guys cannot always have it your way, you see: sometimes we little ones are
the best after all.

The battle is not always to the strong.

THE MOUSE AND THE BULL

A Bull gave chase to a Mouse which had bitten him in the nose: but the Mouse was too quick for him and slipped into a
hole in a wall. The Bull charged furiously into the wall again and again until he was tired out, and sank down on the
ground exhausted with his efforts. When all was quiet, the Mouse darted out and bit him again. Beside himself with rage
he started to his feet, but by that time the Mouse was back in his hole again, and he could do nothing but bellow and
fume in helpless anger. Presently he heard a shrill little voice say from inside the wall, "You big fellows don't always have it
your own way, you see: sometimes we little ones come off best."

The battle is not always to the strong


[] , ; ,
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. . . , .
, .

A hound started a hare from her den, and chased her for some distance; but as she gradually gained on him, he gave up
chasing. A countryman who had been watching the race met the hound as he was coming back, and taunted him for his
defeat. That little one was too strong for you, he said. Ah, well, said the hound, Dont forget that it is one thing to run
for your dinner, and quite another to run for your life.

THE HARE AND THE HOUND

A Hound started a Hare from her form, and pursued her for some distance; but as she gradually gained upon him, he
gave up the chase. A rustic who had seen the race met the Hound as he was returning, and taunted him with his defeat.
"The little one was too much for you," said he. "Ah, well," said the Hound, "don't forget it's one thing to be running for
your dinner, but quite another to be running for your life.

gain on / upon him; [ ] / [ ]

; ; gain distance on him

, .
, , . [not
meal] , . ,
. , ! [not live]
/ . [] ,
/ . ,
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: ,
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; , . [ ]
. , . . , ,
; .

A town mouse and a country mouse were acquaintances, and one day the country mouse invited his friend to come and
play at his house in the field. The town mouse came, and they sat down to a dinner table of grains of barley and roots,
the latter of which tasted strong of soil. The fare was not very edible to the guest, and presently he spoke his mind. Poor
fellow, your life here is no better than that of ants. Now, you must see how I fare. My larder is a horn of plenty which is
regularly filled. You should come and stay with me, then I promise you that you will live on the fat of the land. So as he
returned to town he took the country mouse with him, and showed him into the larder where there were flour, oatmeal,
figs , ? The country mouse had never seen things like that, so he sat and was going to enjoy the luxuries offered by his
friend: But, before they had set themselves upon them, the door of the larder opened and some man entered. The two
mice darted off and hid in a narrow and extremely uncomfortable hole. By and by, when all was quiet, they picked up the
courage to come out again; but someone else entered again, and off they darted again. This was too much for the guest.
Goodbye, he said, Im going. You live in the center of luxuries, I see, but surrounding you on all sides are dangers; while
at home I can enjoy my simple supper of roots and corn in peace.

THE TOWN MOUSE AND THE COUNTRY MOUSE

A Town Mouse and a Country Mouse were acquaintances, and the Country Mouse one day invited his friend to come and
see him at his home in the fields. The Town Mouse came, and they sat down to a dinner of barleycorns and roots, the
latter of which had a distinctly earthy flavour. The fare was not much to the taste of the guest, and presently he broke out
with "My poor dear friend, you live here no better than the ants. Now, you should just see how I fare! My larder is a
regular horn of plenty. You must come and stay with me, and I promise you you shall live on the fat of the land." So when
he returned to town he took the Country Mouse with him, and showed him into a larder containing flour and oatmeal and
figs and honey and dates. The Country Mouse had never seen anything like it, and sat down to enjoy the luxuries his
friend provided: but before they had well begun, the door of the larder opened and someone came in. The two Mice
scampered off and hid themselves in a narrow and exceedingly uncomfortable hole. Presently, when all was quiet, they
ventured out again; but someone else came in, and off they scuttled again. This was too much for the visitor. "Good-bye,"
said he, "I'm off. [ = Im out of here] You live in the lap of luxury, I can see, but you are surrounded by dangers;
whereas at home I can enjoy my simple dinner of roots and corn in peace.

horn of plenty = cornucopia

;
, .
, , ,
; . ,
. .
.


THE LION AND THE BULL

A lion saw a fine fat bull grazing among the herd and pondered some ways of catching him; so he sent him a word that
he was going to sacrifice a sheep, and if he would allow him the honor of having dinner with him. The bull accepted his
invitation, but getting to the lions den, he saw a long array of pots and ?, but not a sight of a sheep was to be seen. So
he turned and went out quietly. The lion called behind him in an injured tone to ask why, then the bull turned and said, I
have good reason. When I saw all your preparations it occurred to me at once that it was a bull, not a sheep that would
be a sacrifice.

You cast a net in vain when the bird is in sight.

A Lion saw a fine fat Bull pasturing among a herd of cattle and cast about for some means of getting him into his
clutches; so he sent him word that he was sacrificing a sheep, and asked if he would do him the honour of dining with
him. The Bull accepted the invitation, but, on arriving at the Lion's den, he saw a great array of saucepans and spits, but
no sign of a sheep; so he turned on his heel and walked quietly away. The Lion called after him in an injured tone to ask
the reason, and the Bull turned round and said, "I have reason enough. When I saw all your preparations it struck me at
once that the victim was to be a Bull and not a sheep."

The net is spread in vain in sight of the bird

, ,

, , .
, : , ,
; , , ,
.

, .

A wolf charged a fox with theft, which he denied, and the case was sent to an ape for trial. Hearing evidence from both
sides, the ape judged as follows: I do not think, he said, that you, the wolf, lost the thing that you claim; but nonetheless
I believe that you, the fox, are guilty of theft, despite all your denial.

A dishonest man does not get credit, even if he behaves honestly.


THE WOLF, THE FOX, AND THE APE

A Wolf charged a Fox with theft, which he denied, and the case was brought before an Ape to be tried. When he had
heard the evidence on both sides, the Ape gave judgment as follows: "I do not think," he said, "that you, O Wolf, ever
lost what you claim; but all the same I believe that you, Fox, are guilty of the theft, in spite of all your denials."

The dishonest get no credit, even if they act honestly

, .
, ;
. .

THE EAGLE AND THE COCKS

There were two cocks in the same farmyard, and they fought to decide who should be master. When the fight was over,
the loser went to hide himself in a dark corner; while the victor flew up the roof of the stable and crowed triumphantly.
But an eagle spied him high in the sky, swooped down, and carried him away. Soon the other cock came out of the corner
and ruled the roost without a rival.

There were two Cocks in the same farmyard, and they fought to decide who should be master. When the fight was over,
the beaten one went and hid himself in a dark corner; while the victor flew up on to the roof of the stables and crowed
lustily. But an Eagle espied him from high up in the sky, and swooped down and carried him off. Forthwith the other Cock
came out of his corner and ruled the roost without a rival.

Pride comes before a fall.


, .
; , ,
, . ,
, ,
. [know ] , . ,
.

THE ESCAPED JACKDAW

A man caught a jackdaw, tied a string to his leg, and gave it to his children for a pet. But the jackdaw did not like at all
having to live with people; so, after a while, as he seemed quite tamed and they no longer kept a sharp eye on him, he
escaped and flew back to his old haunts. Unfortunately, the string was still tied to his leg, which was entangled in the
branches, and the jackdaw couldnt escape, try as he might. He saw that all was over with him, and cried in despair, Ah, I
gained my freedom and lost my life.

A Man caught a Jackdaw and tied a piece of string to one of its legs, and then gave it to his children for a pet. But the
Jackdaw didn't at all like having to live with people; so, after a while, when he seemed to have become fairly tame and
they didn't watch him so closely, he slipped away and flew back to his old haunts. Unfortunately, the string was still on his
leg, and before long it got entangled in the branches of a tree and the Jackdaw couldn't get free, try as he would. He saw
it was all up with him, and cried in despair, "Alas, in gaining my freedom I have lost my life."

, ,
. [steal ] ;
, [] .
[ ], , .
, .

THE FARMER AND THE FOX

A farmer was much annoyed by a fox, which came prowling near his yard in the night, then carried off his fowls. So he set
a trap to catch him and caught him; then in order to take revenge on him, he tied a bunch of ? to his tail, set fire on it
and let him go. As ill luck would have it, however, the fox charged right into the field where corn stood ripening and ready
for harvest. It caught fire at once and burned out, and the farmer lost all his crops.
A Farmer was greatly annoyed by a Fox, which came prowling about his yard at night and carried off his fowls. So he set
a trap for him and caught him; and in order to be revenged upon him, he tied a bunch of tow to his tail and set fire to it
and let him go. As ill-luck would have it, however, the Fox made straight for the fields where the corn was standing ripe
and ready for cutting. It quickly caught fire and was all burnt up, and the Farmer lost all his harvest.

Revenge is a two-edged sword.

, .
, ,
.
; . ,
: .

VENUS AND THE CAT

A cat fell in love with a handsome young man, and begged Venus to change her into a woman. Venus was very gracious
with it, and immediately changed her into a beautiful maiden, who the young man fell for at first sight and before long
married. One day Venus thought that she wanted to see if the cat had changed her habits as well as her form; so she
released a mouse in their room. Forgetting everything, the young woman, upon seeing the mouse, jumped and chased
after it like a shot: with this she felt so disgusted that she turned her back into a cat.

A Cat fell in love with a handsome young man, and begged the goddess Venus to change her into a woman. Venus was
very gracious about it, and changed her at once into a beautiful maiden, whom the young man fell in love with at first
sight and shortly afterwards married. One day Venus thought she would like to see whether the Cat had changed her
habits as well as her form; so she let a mouse run loose in the room where they were. Forgetting everything, the young
woman had no sooner seen the mouse than up she jumped and was after it like a shot: at which the goddess was so
disgusted that she changed her back again into a Cat

; , , .
,

; , , ,
?

,
. , [ ]
, .
, , .

THE CROW AND THE SWAN

A crow was filled with jealousy when he saw a swam with splendid white plumes, and thought that the reason was the
water in which the swan always bathed and swam. So he left the neighborhood of altars and there lived by picking up the
bits of meat offered at the sacrifice, and went to live in the pool and by the stream. But though he bathed and washed his
feathers many times a day, he failed to make them any whiter, and at last he starved to death moreover.

You may change your habits, but not your nature.

A Crow was filled with envy on seeing the beautiful white plumage of a Swan, and thought it was due to the water in
which the Swan constantly bathed and swam. So he left the neighbourhood of the altars, where he got his living by
picking up bits of the meat offered in sacrifice, and went and lived among the pools and streams. But though he bathed
and washed his feathers many times a day, he didn't make them any whiter, and at last died of hunger into the bargain.

You may change your habits, but not your nature

, , ,
, , [direction ]
. [think ] , , , ,
, . , . !
, : ,
.

THE STAG WITH ONE EYE


A stag, blind in one eye, was grazing near the seashore, directing his good eye toward the land, so that he could notice
hounds approaching, while his blind eye was directed toward the sea, never imagining any threats from the aspects. As ill
luck would have it, however, some sailors, while sailing along the shore, spied him and shot arrows at him, by which he
got fatally injured. As he lay dying, he said to himself, Poor me! I thought about the dangers from the land, where none
assaulted me: but though I feared no danger from the sea, where came my ruin.

Misfortune often assaults us from unexpected quarters.

A Stag, blind of one eye, was grazing close to the sea-shore and kept his sound eye turned towards the land, so as to be
able to perceive the approach of the hounds, while the blind eye he turned towards the sea, never suspecting that any
danger would threaten him from that quarter. As it fell out, however, some sailors, coasting along the shore, spied him and
shot an arrow at him, by which he was mortally wounded. [, ] As he lay dying, he said to himself,
"Wretch that I am! I bethought me of the dangers of the land, whence none assailed me: but I feared no peril from the
sea, yet thence has come my ruin."

Misfortune often assails us from an unexpected quarter

!
, [speed heighten ] .
. , , . ,
, , .
.

THE FLY AND THE DRAUGHT-MULE

A fly sat on one of the shafts of a cart and said to a mule pulling it, How slow you are! Quicken your pace, or I will have
to use my sting as a beast stick. The mull did not mind at all. Behind me, in the cart, he said, sits my master. He grabs
the reins, taps me with his whip, and him I obey. I want none of your insolence. I know when I may dawdle and when I
may not.

A Fly sat on one of the shafts of a cart and said to the Mule who was pulling it, "How slow you are! Do mend your pace,
or I shall have to use my sting as a goad." The Mule was not in the least disturbed. "Behind me, in the cart," said he, "sits
my master. He holds the reins, and flicks me with his whip, and him I obey, but I don't want any of your impertinence. I
know when I may dawdle and when I may not."

, , . !
, , , , [if ] . !
!

The Cock and the Jewel

A cock, while scratching the ground for some food, dug up a jewel which had fallen there by accident. Ho! he said, Such
a pretty thing you are, I cant deny, and, had your owner found you, great would have been his joy. But me! Give me a
grain of corn rather than all the jewels in the world!

A Cock, scratching the ground for something to eat, turned up a Jewel that had by chance been dropped there. "Ho!" said
he, "a fine thing you are, no doubt, and, had your owner found you, great would his joy have been. But for me! give me a
single grain of corn before all the jewels in the world

, .
, :
, :
, .
[] . ,
. .

THE WOLF AND THE SHEPHERD

A wolf hung about a flock of sheep for a long time, but made no attempt to molest them. The shepherd at first kept a
sharp eye on him, for he naturally thought that he was looking for some trouble: but as time went by and the wolf
showed no sign of going among the sheep, he gradually regarded him more as a guardian than an enemy: and one day
when he had to go to town for some errand, he felt no discomfort in leaving the wolf with the sheep. But as soon as his
back was turned the wolf assaulted them and killed the better of them. When the shepherd returned and saw the havoc
he had wrought, he cried, I deserve this, for I entrusted the wolf with my sheep.
A Wolf hung about near a flock of sheep for a long time, but made no attempt to molest them. The Shepherd at first kept
a sharp eye on him, for he naturally thought he meant mischief: but as time went by and the Wolf showed no inclination
to meddle with the flock, he began to look upon him more as a protector than as an enemy: and when one day some
errand took him to the city, he felt no uneasiness at leaving the Wolf with the sheep. But as soon as his back was turned
the Wolf attacked them and killed the greater number. When the Shepherd returned and saw the havoc he had wrought,
he cried, "It serves me right for trusting my flock to a Wolf."

,
. , ,
, , : , ,
, . .
: , , , ,
.

[never ]

THE FARMER AND THE STORK

A farmer set some traps in the field, which he had recently sown with corn, to catch cranes which came to pick up the
seeds. He returned to his traps to find several cranes caught, among them a crane which begged to be set free, and said,
You must not kill me: Im not a crane, but a stork, as you can see easily with my plumes, and I am the most honest and
harmless of all the birds. But the farmer replied, It doesnt matter to me what you are: I found you among these cranes,
which ruin my crops, and, like them, you will suffer.

If you choose bad company no one will believe that you alone are far from a bad man

A Farmer set some traps in a field which he had lately sown with corn, in order to catch the cranes which came to pick up
the seed. When he returned to look at his traps he found several cranes caught, and among them a Stork, which begged
to be let go, and said, "You ought not to kill me: I am not a crane, but a Stork, as you can easily see by my feathers, and I
am the most honest and harmless of birds." But the Farmer replied, "It's nothing to me what you are: I find you among
these cranes, who ruin my crops, and, like them, you shall suffer."

If you choose bad companions no one will believe that you are anything but bad yourself.


, ,
. ,
[; forced ] ,
, ! , () ,
. !
. ,
. : .

THE CHARGER AND THE MILLER

A horse, which had been used for carrying his rider to battle, felt that he was growing old and chose instead to work in a
mill. He no longer saw himself marching proudly to the tune of drums, and was compelled to serve as a slave all day
grinding corn. Lamenting his hard lot, he said one day to the miller, Ah poor me! I was once a splendid charger, dressed
in loud covering and attended to by a ? whose only duty was to satisfy my needs. How different my present situation is! I
should never have given up the battlefield and come to the mill. The miller replied in ? Its no use your regretting the past.
Luck has many ups and downs: all you have to do is just accept them as they come.

A Horse, who had been used to carry his rider into battle, felt himself growing old and chose to work in a mill instead. He
now no longer found himself stepping out proudly to the beating of the drums, but was compelled to slave away all day
grinding the corn. Bewailing his hard lot, he said one day to the Miller, "Ah me! I was once a splendid war-horse, gaily
caparisoned, and attended by a groom whose sole duty was to see to my wants. How different is my present condition! I
wish I had never given up the battlefield for the mill." The Miller replied with asperity, "It's no use your regretting the past.
Fortune has many ups and downs: you must just take them as they come.

, , ; [not sleep]
, .
, , , . ,
. , .
, , [], .
, . ?
, , , ,
(). [not as soon as]
.

THE GRASSHOPPER AND THE OWL


An owl, who lived in a hollow tree, made a point of feeding by night and sleeping by day; but her slumber was greatly
disturbed by a creaking grasshopper, who set up his quarters among the branches. She begged him repeatedly to
consider her convenience, but the grasshopper, ?, creaked all the more loudly. At last the owl could stand it no longer,
and determined to rid herself of the pest by means of a trick. Addressing herself to the grasshopper, she said in a most
delightful tone, I cannot sleep because of your singing, which is, believe me, as sweet as the lyre of Apollo. I have a
mind to taste some nectar, which Minerva gave me the other day. Will you come in and join me? The grasshopper was
flattered by the praise to his song, and his mouth, too, watered at the mention of the delicious drink, so he said he was
glad to. He had hardly went into the space where the owl had been sitting when she sprang at him and ate him up.

An Owl, who lived in a hollow tree, was in the habit of feeding by night and sleeping by day; but her slumbers were
greatly disturbed by the chirping of a Grasshopper, who had taken up his abode in the branches. She begged him
repeatedly to have some consideration for her comfort, but the Grasshopper, if anything, only chirped the louder. At last
the Owl could stand it no longer, but determined to rid herself of the pest by means of a trick. Addressing herself to the
Grasshopper, she said in her pleasantest manner, "As I cannot sleep for your song, which, believe me, is as sweet as the
notes of Apollo's lyre, I have a mind to taste some nectar, which Minerva gave me the other day. Won't you come in and
join me?" The Grasshopper was flattered by the praise of his song, and his mouth, too, watered at the mention of the
delicious drink, so he said he would be delighted. No sooner had he got inside the hollow where the Owl was sitting than
she pounced upon him and ate him up.

,
. [fronting] [] .
. , .
, ?
? , , .
, , [
] .

One fine day in winter some ants were busy drying the corn they had stored, which had become quite damp during a
long rainy season. Soon up came a grasshopper and begged them to leave her some grains. For, she said, Im literally
starving. The ants stopped working for a while, though this was against their principle. May we ask, they said, what you
were doing to yourself for the last summer? Why did you not gather a store of food for winter? Actually, replied the
grasshopper, I was too busy singing to do that. If you spent the summer singing, replied the ants, you could do no
better than to spend the winter dancing, then they laughed aloud and went back to work.
THE GRASSHOPPER AND THE ANTS

One fine day in winter some Ants were busy drying their store of corn, which had got rather damp during a long spell of
rain. Presently up came a Grasshopper and begged them to spare her a few grains, "For," she said, "I'm simply starving."
The Ants stopped work for a moment, though this was against their principles. "May we ask," said they, "what you were
doing with yourself all last summer? Why didn't you collect a store of food for the winter?" "The fact is," replied the
Grasshopper, "I was so busy singing that I hadn't the time." "If you spent the summer singing," replied the Ants, "you can't
do better than spend the winter dancing." And they chuckled and went on with their work

, .
;
, . , .

THE FARMER AND THE VIPER

One winter a farmer found a viper frozen numb with cold, and feeling sorry for it picked it up and put it in his bosom. On
reviving with warmth, the viper turned on his benefactor and dealt him a fatal bite; and while the poor man lay dying, he
cried, I just had what I deserved: giving compassion to such a vicious beast.

Kindness is thrown in vain on evil.

One winter a Farmer found a Viper frozen and numb with cold, and out of pity picked it up and placed it in his bosom.
The Viper was no sooner revived by the warmth than it turned upon its benefactor and inflicted a fatal bite upon him; and
as the poor man lay dying, he cried, "I have only got what I deserved, for taking compassion on so villainous a creature."

Kindness is thrown away upon the evil.

. , ,
: ,
. ,
. ,
[ ]
, .

THE TWO FROGS

Two frogs were neighbors. One lived in the marsh, where there was plenty of water, which frogs loved very much: the
other lived some distance from the road, where all the water to be had was the water stored in the rut after rain. The
marsh frog warned his friend and urged him to come to the marsh to live with him, for he would find the quarters there
much more comfortable andmore importantsafer. but the other declined, saying that he could not bring himself to
leave his accustomed place and move. Some days later when a heavy wagon was going down the road, he got killed
under the wheels.

Two Frogs were neighbours. One lived in a marsh, where there was plenty of water, which frogs love: the other in a lane
some distance away, where all the water to be had was that which lay in the ruts after rain. The Marsh Frog warned his
friend and pressed him to come and live with him in the marsh, for he would find his quarters there far more comfortable
andwhat was still more importantmore safe. But the other refused, saying that he could not bring himself to move
from a place to which he had become accustomed. A few days afterwards a heavy waggon came down the lane, and he
was crushed to death under the wheels

, ,
. (hand out )
, , . , , ;
. [ ] ,
1 , [] ,
. , , .
: [not say]
? ,
!

THE COBBLER TURNED DOCTOR

A very unskillful cobbler, realizing that he could not make a living by the trade, quit repairing shoes and took to doctoring
instead. He handed many people bills saying that he had a formula of an omnipotent antidote for all kinds of poison, and
acquired no little fame thanks to his talent for boasting himself. One day, however, he fell seriously ill; and the king of the
country thought that he would test the value of his remedy. Ordering a cup, therefore, he poured a dose of the antidote
into it, pretending to mix poison with it, added a little water, and commanded him to drink it. Afraid to be poisoned to
death, the cobbler confessed that he did not have the slightest knowledge of medicine, and that his antidote was useless.
Then the king summoned his subjects and addressed them as follows: What folly could be greater than that of yours? No
one would send his shoes to this cobbler here to mend them, but you do not hesitate to leave him with your life!

A very unskilful Cobbler, finding himself unable to make a living at his trade, gave up mending boots and took to
doctoring instead. He gave out that he had the secret of a universal antidote against all poisons, and acquired no small
reputation, thanks to his talent for puffing himself. One day, however, he fell very ill; and the King of the country
bethought him that he would test the value of his remedy. Calling, therefore, for a cup, he poured out a dose of the
antidote, and, under pretence of mixing poison with it, added a little water, and commanded him to drink it. Terrified by
the fear of being poisoned, the Cobbler confessed that he knew nothing about medicine, and that his antidote was
worthless. Then the King summoned his subjects and addressed them as follows: "What folly could be greater than yours?
Here is this Cobbler to whom no one will send his boots to be mended, and yet you have not hesitated to entrust him
with your lives!"

, ,

. , ,
, , . ,
, : .
, , , :
. ,
.

THE ASS, THE COCK, AND THE LION

An ass and a cock were in a cattle-pen together. After a while a lion, having starved for days, came up and fell upon the
ass and was about to eat him for a meal, when the cock, straightening himself and fluttering his wings fiercely, cowed very
loudly. Now, if there is one thing that frightens a lion, it is the cowing of a cock: and this one, on hearing it, ran off. The
ass saw this with great pride, thinking that, if the lion could not face the cock, he would be less likely to face an ass: so he
ran out and chased after him. But when both were far out of sight and hearing of the cock, the lion turned upon the ass
and ate him up.
False confidence results in disaster.

An Ass and a Cock were in a cattle-pen together. Presently a Lion, who had been starving for days, came along and was
just about to fall upon the Ass and make a meal of him when the Cock, rising to his full height and flapping his wings
vigorously, uttered a tremendous crow. Now, if there is one thing that frightens a Lion, it is the crowing of a Cock: and this
one had no sooner heard the noise than he fled. The Ass was mightily elated at this, and thought that, if the Lion couldn't
face a Cock, he would be still less likely to stand up to an Ass: so he ran out and pursued him. But when the two had got
well out of sight and hearing of the Cock, the Lion suddenly turned upon the Ass and ate him up.

False confidence often leads to disaster

. , ,
; ,
. , , .
, . :
, .
.

THE BELLY AND THE MEMBERS

The members of a body once rebelled against the belly. You, they said to the belly, live in luxury and sloth, never doing a
stroke of work; while we not only have to do all the hard work there is to be done, but are in fact your slaves and have to
meet all your wants. Now, we are going to do so no longer, so from now on you may live on your own. As good as their
word, they let the belly starve. The result was what could be expected: the body soon began to be ruined all over, and the
members and all the other parts shared the general collapse. Only then did they see how foolish they were.

The Members of the Body once rebelled against the Belly. "You," they said to the Belly, "live in luxury and sloth, and never
do a stroke of work; while we not only have to do all the hard work there is to be done, but are actually your slaves and
have to minister to all your wants. Now, we will do so no longer, and you can shift for yourself for the future." They were
as good as their word, and left the Belly to starve. The result was just what might have been expected: the whole Body
soon began to fail, and the Members and all shared in the general collapse. And then they saw too late how foolish they
had been


. ,
. , . ;
, ? , ,
, ; , ,
, ! [
]

The Bold Man and the Fly

A fly alighted on the head of a bald man and bit him. Eager to kill him, he gave himself a hard slap. But the fly escaped,
saying to him in derision, You tried to kill me for just one little bite; what are you going to do to yourself now, for the
hard blow you gave yourself? Ah, I have no grudge against the blow, he replied, for I never had any intention of harming
myself; but as for you, a ridiculous insect like you, feeds on the blood of humans, so I would have endured much more
than that for the pleasure of swatting you to death!

A Fly settled on the head of a Bald Man and bit him. In his eagerness to kill it, he hit himself a smart slap. But the Fly
escaped, and said to him in derision, "You tried to kill me for just one little bite; what will you do to yourself now, for the
heavy smack you have just given yourself?" "Oh, for that blow I bear no grudge," he replied, "for I never intended myself
any harm; but as for you, you contemptible insect, who live by sucking human blood, I'd have borne a good deal more
than that for the satisfaction of dashing the life out of you!

, ,
. , ,
, . , , ,
. , ,
. ,
; . . :
, .

THE ASS AND THE WOLF

An ass was eating in a meadow, and, spotting his enemy the wolf in the distance, pretended to be very lame and limped
painfully. The wolf came up, and asked the ass how he came to limp so, and the ass replied that while he was passing
underbushes he trampled on a thorn, and begged the wolf to pull it out with his teeth. If, he said, you eat me, it will get
stuck in your throat and hurt very much. The wolf said yes, told the ass to lift his feet, and concentrated all his attention
on pulling out the thorn. But the ass suddenly withdrew his heels and gave his mouth a severe kick, breaking his teeth;
and he ran off as fast as he could. As soon as he could speak the wolf growled by himself, I deserved what I had: my
father taught me how to kill, and I should have improved that trade instead of trying to cure.

An Ass was feeding in a meadow, and, catching sight of his enemy the Wolf in the distance, pretended to be very lame
and hobbled painfully along. When the Wolf came up, he asked the Ass how he came to be so lame, and the Ass replied
that in going through a hedge he had trodden on a thorn, and he begged the Wolf to pull it out with his teeth, "In case,"
he said, "when [in case when; when ] you eat me, it should stick in your throat and hurt you very
much." The Wolf said he would, and told the Ass to lift up his foot, and gave his whole mind to getting out the thorn.
But the Ass suddenly let out with his heels and fetched the Wolf a fearful kick in the mouth, breaking his teeth; and then
he galloped off at full speed. As soon as he could speak the Wolf growled to himself, "It serves me right: my father
taught me to kill, and I ought to have stuck to that trade instead of attempting to cure."

. ,
.
, ,
, .

THE MONKEY AND THE CAMEL

In a gathering of all the beasts a monkey danced and entertained the crowd very much. There was a roar of applause at
the end, which excited the jealousy of a camel and made him have a desire to get the attention of the crowd by the same
means. So he got up from his seat and started dancing, but acted so ridiculous falling here and there, and gave a
grotesque exhibition of his ugly appearance, that all the beasts sprang at him in derision and drove him away.

At a gathering of all the beasts the Monkey gave an exhibition of dancing and entertained the company vastly. There
was great applause at the finish, which excited the envy of the Camel and made him desire to win the favour of the
assembly by the same means. So he got up from his place and began dancing, but he cut such a ridiculous figure as he
plunged about, and made such a grotesque exhibition of his ungainly person, that the beasts all fell upon him with
ridicule and drove him away


, . , . ,
. [not see] , , . ,
, , , . ,
, . ,
. , ; .
, , : , .

THE SICK MAN AND THE DOCTOR

A sick man was visited by his doctor, who asked him how he was. Quite well, doctor, he said, But I find myself sweating
tremendously. Ah, said the doctor, thats a good sign. On the next visit he asked the same question, and his patient
replied, Quite the same as usual, but I have got trembling fits, and then I freeze all over. Ah, said the doctor, thats a
good sign too. When he visited for the third time and inquired about the health of his patient as before, he said that he
had a high fever. Thats a very good sign, said the doctor; You are doing very well, indeed. Later when his friend came to
see the invalid and asked him how he was, came the reply: My friend, Im dying of good signs.

A Sick Man received a visit from his Doctor, who asked him how he was. "Fairly well, Doctor," said he, "but I find I sweat a
great deal." "Ah," said the Doctor, "that's a good sign." On his next visit he asked the same question, and his patient
replied, "I'm much as usual, but I've taken to having shivering fits, which leave me cold all over." "Ah," said the Doctor,
"that's a good sign too." When he came the third time and inquired as before about his patient's health, the Sick Man said
that he felt very feverish. "A very good sign," said the Doctor; "you are doing very nicely indeed." Afterwards a friend
came to see the invalid, and on asking him how he did, received this reply: "My dear friend, I'm dying of good signs.

. ,
.
, , [said ] !
. . !
: , ,
, !

THE TRAVELLERS AND THE PLANE-TREE

Two travelers were walking along the barren dusty road in the heat of a summer day. Presently when they got to a plane
tree, they were delighted and stepped off the road to take refuge from the burning sun in the deep shade of the
spreading branches of the tree. They were resting, looking up the tree, when one of them addressed his companion, What
a useless tree this plane-tree is! It bears no fruit and cannot give man any serve man at all. The plane-tree interrupted him
in anger, How ungrateful! it cried: You take refuge under me from the burning sun, then, in the middle of enjoying the
cool shade of my foliage, you find fault with me and call me good-for-nothing!

A lot of service receives ingratitude.

Two Travellers were walking along a bare and dusty road in the heat of a summer's day. Coming presently to a Plane-tree,
they joyfully turned aside to shelter from the burning rays of the sun in the deep shade of its spreading branches. As they
rested, looking up into the tree, one of them remarked to his companion, "What a useless tree the Plane is! It bears no
fruit and is of no service to man at all." The Plane-tree interrupted him with indignation. "You ungrateful creature!" it cried:
"you come and take shelter under me from the scorching sun, and then, in the very act of enjoying the cool shade of my
foliage, you abuse me and call me good for nothing!"

Many a service is met with ingratitude [ ]

, [does ] ,
, , ,
, ? , ,
: ,
. , , :
, .

A flea once said to an ox, How comes it that a big fellow like you is willing to serve man, and do all kinds of their hard
work for them, while I, who cannot be bigger than you see, live on their bodies sucking their blood as much as I like, and
do nothing for all that? To which the ox replied, Humans are very kind to me, so I am grateful to them: they feed me well,
let me stay in a good house, and sometimes they show their favor for me by patting me on the head and the neck. They
would pat me too, said the flea, if I let them: but I take good care that they do not do so, otherwise there will not be left
any of me.

THE FLEA AND THE OX

A Flea once said to an Ox, "How comes it that [=How come ~ ?


] a big strong fellow like you is content to serve mankind, and do all their hard work for them, while I, who
am no bigger than you see, live on their bodies and drink my fill of their blood, and never do a stroke for it all?" To which
the Ox replied, "Men are very kind to me, and so I am grateful to them: they feed and house me well, and every now and
then they show their fondness for me by patting me on the head and neck." "They'd pat me, too," said the Flea, "if I let
them: but I take good care they don't, or there would be nothing left of me."

, ,

, [
] ,
, , , .
: ,
, .

The birds were at war with the beasts, and many battles were fought where both sides won variously. The bat did not put
all his fortune on either side, but when things went well with the birds he was seen fighting on their side, on the other
hand, when the beasts got the upper hand, he was seen among the beasts. No one paid attention to him at all while the
war continued: but when the war was over and peace restored, neither the birds nor the beasts would have anything to do
with such a double-faced traitor, and so today he remains an outcast from both sides.

THE BIRDS, THE BEASTS, AND THE BAT

The Birds were at war with the Beasts, and many battles were fought with varying success on either side. The Bat did not
throw in his lot definitely with either party, but when things went well for the Birds he was found fighting in their ranks;
when, on the other hand, the Beasts got the upper hand, he was to be found among the Beasts. No one paid any
attention to him while the war lasted: but when it was over, and peace was restored, neither the Birds nor the Beasts
would have anything to do with so double-faced a traitor, and so he remains to this day a solitary outcast from both

, , , .
; , ,
[not black] . , ,
, , . ,
, .

THE MAN AND HIS TWO SWEETHEARTS

A middle-aged man, whose hair was turning gray, had two lovers, an old woman and a young woman. The older of the
two did not like the lover she had looking much younger than her; so, every time he came to see her, she would pull off
dark hairs from his head to make him look old. The young woman, on the other hand, did not like him looking still older
than her, so she took advantage of every opportunity to pluck gray hairs, to make him look young. Between them, they
did not leave a single hair on his head, and he became utterly bald.

A Man of middle age, whose hair was turning grey, had two Sweethearts, an old woman and a young one. The elder of
the two didn't like having a lover who looked so much younger than herself; so, whenever he came to see her, she used
to pull the dark hairs out of his head to make him look old. The younger, on the other hand, didn't like him to look so
much older than herself, and took every opportunity of pulling out the grey hairs, to make him look young. Between
them, they left not a hair in his head, and he became perfectly bald

, ,

. , [not seriously]
. ,
. [not talon] ,
: , ,
. . , , , ? ,
. .
, ? . , , :
. [not seen]

, [not call]
.

THE EAGLE, THE JACKDAW, AND THE SHEPHERD

One day a jackdaw saw an eagle swooping upon a lamb and carrying it off with his talons. Why, he said, I will do that
myself. So he flew up high in the sky, and shot down with a great whirring of his wings upon the back of a big ram. He
had hardly alighted when his claws got stuck tightly in the fleece, and nothing he could do was of use: there he was stuck,
flapping his wings, only making things worse instead of better. Presently there came a shepherd. Oho, he said, thats what
youre trying to do, eh? And he caught the jackdaw, clipped his wings, took it to his home and gave it to his children. It
looked so strange that they did not know what to make of it. What kind of bird is it, father? they asked. A jackdaw, he
replied, and nothing but a jackdaw: but what he wants is to be regarded as an eagle.

If you attempt anything beyond your powers, your efforts will be wasted and you will receive not only misfortune but also
ridicule.
One day a Jackdaw saw an Eagle swoop down on a lamb and carry it off in its talons. "My word," said the Jackdaw, "I'll do
that myself." So it flew high up into the air, and then came shooting down with a great whirring of wings on to the back
of a big ram. It had no sooner alighted than its claws got caught fast in the wool, and nothing it could do was of any use:
there it stuck, flapping away, and only making things worse instead of better. By and by up came the Shepherd. "Oho," he
said, "so that's what you'd be doing, is it?" And he took the Jackdaw, and clipped its wings and carried it home to his
children. It looked so odd that they didn't know what to make of it. [ /
/ ] "What sort of bird is it, father?" they asked. "It's a Jackdaw," he replied, "and
nothing but a Jackdaw: but it wants to be taken for an Eagle."

If you attempt what is beyond your power, your trouble will be wasted and you court not only misfortune but ridicule.

, , , ,
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. , , , ; ,
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. , , ; .

THE WOLF AND THE BOY

A wolf, who had just enjoyed a big meal and felt funny caught sight of a boy lying spread on the ground, and, noticing
that he was trying to hide, and that his fear made him do this, he went up to him and said, Aha, Ive found you, you see;
but if you can tell me [tell; , ] three things, whose truth is irrefutable, I will spare your life.
The boy drew up courage and after thinking for a while, said, First, it is a pity that you saw me; second, I was a fool to be
noticed, and third, we all hate wolves because they give unprovoked attacks on our flocks. The wolf replied, Hmm, what
you say is true enough from your point of view; so you may go.

A Wolf, who had just enjoyed a good meal and was in a playful mood, caught sight of a Boy lying flat upon the ground,
and, realising that he was trying to hide, and that it was fear of himself that made him do this, he went up to him and
said, "Aha, I've found you, you see; but if you can say three things to me, the truth of which cannot be disputed, [
] I will spare your life." The Boy plucked up courage and thought for a moment, and then he said, "First, it is a pity you
saw me; secondly, I was a fool to let myself be seen; and thirdly, we all hate wolves because they are always making
unprovoked attacks upon our flocks." The Wolf replied, "Well, what you say is true enough from your point of view; so
you may go.
, ,

, , . [
] , , , ?
() ! ,
, . [not friend],
, , !
, ! . ,
.
, , . ()
, ! .
, ,
. , . ! ,
. ,
! [not had better] [ ] ,
. , ,
, [not together]
, , .

, , ,
[not at last] , . [not then] ,
, , [not as soon as]
, .

The Miller, His Son, and Their Ass

A miller, accompanied by his young son, was driving his ass to the market in the hope of finding his purchaser. They met a
group of girls, laughing and chattering, who cried, Have you ever seen such a stupid pair? Plodding along the dusty road
when they could ride! The miller thought that there was some sense in what they said, so he made his son get on the ass,
and he walked on the side. After a while they met some of his old cronies, who greeted them and said, You will spoil your
son, letting him ride and going on foot! Make him walk, the young lazybones! That will do him good. The miller followed
their advice, taking the place on the back of the ass which his son had taken while the boy plodded along from behind.
They had not gone long when they caught up with a group of women and children, and the miller heard them say, What
a selfish old man. He rides in comfort, while making the poor little boy walk laboriously on his legs! So he made his son
ride behind him. Walking more they met some travelers, who asked the miller whether the ass he was riding was his
property, or a hired beast. He replied that it was his, and that he was taking it to the market to sell. Oh my! they said,
Bearing such load the poor beast will be so exhausted by the time he gets there that no one will take a look at it. Why,
you would do better to carry him! Anything to please you, said the old man, I can try. So they got off, tied the legs of
the ass together with ropes and slung it on a pole, and at last they arrived at the town, carrying it between them, which
was such an absurd sight that people ran out in a throng to laugh at it, and they did not hesitate to ridicule them, and
some of them even called them lunatics.

They then got to a bridge over the river, where the ass, frightened by the noise and the unusual situation, kicked and
struggled until he cut off the ropes which tied him, and drowned. Whereupon the unfortunate miller, vexed and ashamed,
hurried back home, and realized for sure that he tried to please everybody but pleased nobody, and lost his ass into the
bargain.

A Miller, accompanied by his young Son, was driving his Ass to market in hopes of finding a purchaser for him. On the
road they met a troop of girls, laughing and talking, who exclaimed, "Did you ever see such a pair of fools? To be
trudging along the dusty road when they might be riding!"[ / ]
The Miller thought there was sense in what they said, so he made his Son mount the Ass, and himself walked at the side.
Presently they met some of his old cronies, who greeted them and said, "You'll spoil that Son of yours, letting him ride
while you toil along on foot! Make him walk, young lazybones! It'll do him all the good in the world." The Miller followed
their advice, and took his Son's place on the back of the Ass while the boy trudged along behind. They had not gone far
when they overtook a party of women and children, and the Miller heard them say, "What a selfish old man. He himself
rides in comfort, but lets his poor little boy follow as best he can on his own legs!" So he made his Son get up behind
him. Further along the road they met some travellers, who asked the Miller whether the Ass he was riding was his own
property, or a beast hired for the occasion.

He replied that it was his own, and that he was taking it to market to sell. "Good heavens!" said they, "with a load like that
the poor beast will be so exhausted by the time he gets there that no one will look at him. Why, [Why dont you ~
?] you'd do better to carry him!"

"Anything to please you," said the old man, "we can but try." So they got off, tied the Ass's legs together with a rope and
slung him on a pole, and at last reached the town, carrying him between them. This was so absurd a sight that the people
ran out in crowds to laugh at it, and chaffed the Father and Son unmercifully, some even calling them lunatics.

They had then got to a bridge over the river, where the Ass, frightened by the noise and his unusual situation, kicked and
struggled till he broke the ropes that bound him, and fell into the water and was drowned. Whereupon the unfortunate
Miller, vexed and ashamed, made the best of his way home again, convinced that in trying to please all he had pleased
none, and had lost his Ass into the bargain.

, , .
. , .
, , ,
. , , ,
.

THE STAG AND THE VINE


A stag, chased by huntsmen, hid himself under cover of the thick vine. They lost sight of him and passed his hiding place
not knowing that he was nearby. Thinking that he was out of the woods, he soon began to feed the leaves of the vine.
The movement drew the attention of the returning huntsmen, one of whom, thinking that some animal was hiding there,
shot an arrow at chance among the leaves. The unfortunate stag got pierced in the heart, and dying, said, I deserve my
fate for my betrayal by eating the leaves of my protector.

Ingratitude sometimes gets the punishment it is due.

A Stag, pursued by the huntsmen, concealed himself under cover of a thick Vine. They lost track of him and passed by his
hiding-place without being aware that he was anywhere near. Supposing all danger to be over, he presently began to
browse on the leaves of the Vine. The movement drew the attention of the returning huntsmen, and one of them,
supposing some animal to be hidden there, shot an arrow at a venture into the foliage. The unlucky Stag was pierced to
the heart, and, as he expired, he said, "I deserve my fate for my treachery in feeding upon the leaves of my protector."

Ingratitude sometimes brings its own punishment

, . ,
, , . , ,
: .

THE LAMB CHASED BY A WOLF

A wolf was chasing a lamb, which took refuge in the temple. The wolf urged him to get out of the district, and said, If you
dont come out, the priest is sure to catch you and sacrifice you at the altar. To which the lamb replied, Thank you, but I
think Ill stay where I am: I would rather be sacrificed any day than be killed by a wolf.

A Wolf was chasing a Lamb, which took refuge in a temple. The Wolf urged it to come out of the precincts, and said, "If
you don't, the priest is sure to catch you and offer you up in sacrifice on the altar." To which the Lamb replied, "Thanks, I
think I'll stay where I am: I'd rather be sacrificed any day than be eaten up by a Wolf.

[] , ,
. , , ,
[] : . , ,
, . , ,
, , : () ? ,
, : , ,
.

[ ]

THE ARCHER AND THE LION

An archer went up the hills to play with his bow, and all beast ran away at the sight of him except a lion, who stayed
behind and challenged him to fight. But he shot an arrow at the lion and hit him, and said, Well, you see what my
messenger can do: Just you wait until I take care of you myself. The lion, however, feeling the sting of the arrow, ran away
as fast as his legs could carry him. A fox, watching everything happening, said to the lion, Hey, dont live a coward: why
hang on and show up a fight? But the lion replied, You cannot make me hang on, not you: why, when he let such a lion
go first, he himself will be a terrible fellow to face, certainly.

Stay away from those who can do you harm from a distance.

An Archer went up into the hills to get some sport with his bow, and all the animals fled at the sight of him with the
exception of the Lion, who stayed behind and challenged him to fight. But he shot an arrow at the Lion and hit him, and
said, "There, you see what my messenger can do: just you wait a moment and I'll tackle you myself." The Lion, however,
when he felt the sting of the arrow, ran away as fast as his legs could carry him. A fox, who had seen it all happen, said to
the Lion, "Come, don't be a coward: why don't you stay and show fight?" But the Lion replied, "You won't get me to stay,
not you: why, when he sends a messenger like that before him, he must himself be a terrible fellow to deal with."

Give a wide berth to those who can do damage at a distance

;
, .
, , , : ,
. .
, : .

THE WOLF AND THE GOAT


A wolf caught sight of a goat browsing on herb growing sparsely on the top of a steep rock; and not being able to
approach her, he tried to induce her to come down. You are risking your life up there, madam, really, he called out:
Please take my advice and come down here, where you will find plenty of better food. The goat turned a knowing look
on him. You are hardly interested in whether I get good grass or bad, she said: You want to eat me up.

A Wolf caught sight of a Goat browsing above him on the scanty herbage that grew on the top of a steep rock; and being
unable to get at her, tried to induce her to come lower down. "You are risking your life up there, madam, indeed you
are," he called out: "pray take my advice and come down here, where you will find plenty of better food." The Goat turned
a knowing eye upon him. "It's little you care whether I get good grass or bad," said she: "what you want is to eat me.

, . ,
,
. , [not get well]
[not weak] ;
.

THE SICK STAG

A stag lay sick in the glade [ ] of a forest, too weak to leave the place. When the news of his illness spread, some
other beasts came to inquire after his health, and they one and all nibbled some grass growing around the invalid until
not a blade was left within his reach. Some days later he began to recover, but he was still too feeble to get up and look
for fodder; so he died miserably of hunger because of the absent-mindedness of his friends.

A Stag fell sick and lay in a clearing in the forest, too weak to move from the spot. When the news of his illness spread, a
number of the other beasts came to inquire after his health, and they one and all nibbled a little of the grass that grew
round the invalid till at last there was not a blade within his reach. In a few days he began to mend, but was still too
feeble to get up and go in search of fodder; and thus he perished miserably of hunger owing to the thoughtlessness of
his friends

. [not left]
[not while] , : ,
. :
. , , . ,
: ,
. , , , ,
: ,
.

THE ASS AND THE MULE

A man who had an ass and a mule loaded both one day and set out for a journey. As long as the road was rather even,
the ass went very well: but by and by they got to a place among the hills where the road was so rough and steep, that
the ass gasped for his last breath. At last, with sheer exhaustion, the ass staggered and fell off the steep place and was
killed. The driver despaired, but he did as best as he could: he added the burden of the ass to the mule, and removing the
fur of the ass, put his skin on top of the doubled burden. The mule only managed to bear the added weight, and,
staggering and walking painfully, he said to himself, Its just what I deserve: If I had been willing to help the ass at first,
now I would not be carrying his load and his skin into the bargain.

A certain man who had an Ass and a Mule loaded them both up one day and set out upon a journey. So long as the
road was fairly level, the Ass got on very well: but by and by they came to a place among the hills where the road was
very rough and steep, and the Ass was at his last gasp. So he begged the Mule to relieve him of a part of his load: but
the Mule refused. At last, from sheer weariness, the Ass stumbled and fell down a steep place and was killed. The driver
was in despair, but he did the best he could: he added the Ass's load to the Mule's, and he also flayed the Ass and put
his skin on the top of the double load. The Mule could only just manage [ could manage only
just managed ... , could only manage ] the
extra weight, and, as he staggered painfully along, he said to himself, "I have only got what I deserved: if I had been
willing to help the Ass at first, I should not now be carrying his load and his skin into the bargain."

, : . ,
, .
, : , , [not
on the other hand] ,
. , ,
[not touch] . , , , .
, , [ not try] . , ,
[not appearance] .
BROTHER AND SISTER

A man had two children, a son and a daughter: and the son was as handsome as the daughter was plain. One day, when
they were playing together in their mothers room, they chanced upon a mirror and saw themselves for the first time. The
boy saw how good-looking he was, and began to boast to his sister about his good looks: the girl, on the contrary, was
upset and about to cry when she knew her plainness, and took his words as an insult to her. Running to her father, she
told him on her brothers arrogance, and blamed him for laying hands on her mothers things. He laughed, kissed both
children, and said, My children, learn from now to make good use of the mirror. You, my son, strive to be as good as it
shows you to be handsome. And you, my girl, resolve to make up for the plainness of your looks with the sweetness of
your character.

A certain man had two children, a boy and a girl: and the boy was as good-looking as the girl was plain. One day, as they
were playing together in their mother's chamber, they chanced upon a mirror and saw their own features for the first time.
The boy saw what a handsome fellow he was, and began to boast to his Sister about his good looks: she, on her part,
was ready to cry with vexation when she was aware of her plainness, and took his remarks as an insult to herself. Running
to her father, she told him of her Brother's conceit, and accused him of meddling with his mother's things. He laughed
and kissed them both, and said, "My children, learn from now onwards to make a good use of the glass. You, my boy,
strive to be as good as it shows you to be handsome; and you, my girl, resolve to make up for the plainness of your
features by the sweetness of your disposition."

, ,
.
: , , . ,
, , :
[not purpose] .

THE HEIFER AND THE OX

A heifer went up to an ox, who was ploughing hard, and sympathized with him rather condescendingly about the
necessity of his having to work so hard. Presently there was a festival in town and everyone celebrated the holiday: but,
the ox was released into the meadow, while the heifer was caught and driven to the sacrifice. Ah, said the ox, with a grim
smile, I see now why you were allowed to spend time so leisurely: that is because you were originally meant for the altar.

A Heifer went up to an Ox, who was straining hard at the plough, and sympathised with him in a rather patronising sort
of way on the necessity of his having to work so hard. Not long afterwards there was a festival in the village and every
one kept holiday: but, whereas the Ox was turned loose into the pasture, the Heifer was seized and led off to sacrifice.
"Ah," said the Ox, with a grim smile, "I see now why you were allowed to have such an idle time: it was because you were
always intended for the altar."

,
. ,
: , , [kid ], ,
. , ! [ ]
!

THE KINGDOM OF THE LION

When the lion ruled over the beasts on the earth, he was never cruel nor tyrannical, rather he was decent and just as a
king should be. During his reign he opened a general assembly of the beasts, and made laws under which all were
supposed to live in perfect equality and harmony: the wolf and the lamb, the lion and the stag, the leopard and the kid,
the dog and the hare, all ought to live side by side in unbroken peace and friendship. The hare said, Oh! How long I have
been waiting for this day when the weak take their seat without fear by the strong!

When the Lion reigned over the beasts of the earth he was never cruel or tyrannical, but as gentle and just as a King
ought to be. [ = ] During his reign he called a general assembly of
the beasts, and drew up a code of laws under which all were to live in perfect equality and harmony: the wolf and the
lamb, the tiger and the stag, the leopard and the kid, the dog and the hare, all should dwell side by side in unbroken
peace and friendship. The hare said, "Oh! how I have longed for this day when the weak take their place without fear by
the side of the strong!"

[] [not lair],
. , ; , ,
, . ,
, , . [not skip]
, ; , . [not chase]

THE LION AND THE HARE


A lion found a hare sleeping in her den, and was about to eat her up when he caught sight of a passing stag. Dropping
the hare, he ran at once for the bigger game; but finding, after a long chase, that he could not overtake the stag, he gave
up the chase and turned back toward the hare. When he got to the spot, however, he found that she was nowhere to be
seen, and he could not but go without his dinner. I only deserved this, he said; I should have been contented with what I
had got then, instead of hankering for the better prey.

A Lion found a Hare sleeping in her form, and was just going to devour her when he caught sight of a passing stag.
Dropping the Hare, he at once made for the bigger game; but finding, after a long chase, that he could not overtake the
stag, he abandoned the attempt and came back for the Hare. When he reached the spot, however, he found she was
nowhere to be seen, and he had to go without his dinner. "It serves me right," [ =
; ] he said; "I should have been content with what I had got, instead of hankering
after a better prize.

, ?
: . ; ,
, ,
, , , [not above all] , .
, , .
[ ] , .
.

THE WOLVES AND THE DOGS

Once the wolves said to the dogs, Why should we remain enemies any more? You resemble us very much in most aspects:
The main difference between us is only that of training. We live a life of freedom; but you are enslaved by men, who beat
you, put heavy collars around your necks, compel you to keep their flocks and herds for them, and, to crown all, they give
you nothing but bones to eat. Stand it no longer, hand the flocks to us, and we will live on the fat of the land and feast
together. The dogs let themselves be persuaded by these words, and accompanied by the wolves went into their den. But
no sooner had they gone in deeper than the wolves ran upon them and tore them up in pieces.

Traitors ought to face the fate they deserve.

Once upon a time the Wolves said to the Dogs, "Why should we continue to be enemies any longer? You are very like us
in most ways: the main difference between us is one of training only. We live a life of freedom; but you are enslaved to
mankind, who beat you, and put heavy collars round your necks, and compel you to keep watch over their flocks and
herds for them, and, to crown all, they give you nothing but bones to eat. Don't put up with it any longer, but hand over
the flocks to us, and we will all live on the fat of the land and feast together." The Dogs allowed themselves to be
persuaded by these words, and accompanied the Wolves into their den. But no sooner were [ ]
they well inside than the Wolves set upon them and tore them to pieces.

Traitors richly deserve their fate.

[not big body]


, , ,
. [] . , ,
.

THE BULL AND THE CALF

A full-grown bull was struggling to force his big figure into the narrow entrance to go into the stable where there was his
stall, when a young calf came up and said to him, If you will step aside for a moment, I will tell you the way to get
through. The bull sent an amusing look upon him. I have known the way, he said, before you were born.

A full-grown Bull was struggling to force his huge bulk through the narrow entrance to a cow-house where his stall was,
when a young Calf came up and said to him, "If you'll step aside a moment, I'll show you the way to get through." The
Bull turned upon him an amused look. "I knew that way," said he, "before you were born."

. [
] ,
, [not made] .
. , , ! !
, . :
, . [if ]

THE TREES AND THE AXE

A woodman went into the woods and begged the trees the favor of being the handle of his axe. The leading trees agreed
at once to such a modest request, and did not hesitate to give him a shoot of a young tree, out of which he fashioned the
handle he wanted. On doing it he set to work to fell the most valuable trees in the woods. When they saw the use to
which he put their gift, they cried, Alas! Alas! we are finished, but we deserve it. The reward for the little thing we gave
was our everything: had we not sacrificed the rights of the tree, we might have stood for ever.

A Woodman went into the forest and begged of the Trees the favour of a handle for his Axe. The principal Trees at once
agreed to so modest a request, and unhesitatingly gave him a young ash sapling, out of which he fashioned the handle he
desired. No sooner had he done so than he set to work to fell the noblest Trees in the wood. When they saw the use to
which he was putting their gift, they cried, "Alas! alas! We are undone, but we are ourselves to blame. The little we gave
has cost us all: had we not sacrificed the rights of the ash, we might ourselves have stood for ages."

[ ] . ,
, ,
. , , , , ,
[ ] , ,
,
.

THE ASTRONOMER

There was once an astronomer who made a habit of going out at night and observing the stars. One night, when he was
walking outside the gates of the town, looking absorbed up to the sky and not seeing where he was going, he fell into a
dry well. When he lay there moaning, someone passing heard him, and, coming to the well, looking down, and seeing
what had happened, said, If you indeed intend to say that you were so absorbed in looking at the sky that you did not
even see where your feet were carrying you on the ground, it seems to me that you deserved all this.

There was once an Astronomer whose habit it was to go out at night and observe the stars. One night, as he was
walking about outside the town gates, gazing up absorbed into the sky and not looking where he was going, he fell into a
dry well. As he lay there groaning, some one passing by heard him, and, coming to the edge of the well, looked down and,
on learning what had happened, said, "If you really mean to say that you were looking so hard at the sky that you didn't
even see where your feet were carrying you along the ground, it appears to me that you deserve all you've got."

. ,
, .
, ,
. ,
. , ,
.

() [as long as ]

THE LABOURER AND THE SNAKE

A laborers little son was bitten by a snake and died of the wound. The father was beside himself with grief, and filled with
anger for the snake he picked up an axe and went and stood near the snakes den, and waited for a chance to kill him.
When soon the snake went out, the man aimed a stroke at him, but only succeeded in cutting off the tip of his tail before
he writhed back in. He then tried to make him come out a second time, pretending to want to make up the fight. But the
snake said, I could never be your friend for my lost tail, and you could never be my friend for your lost child.

Injuries are never forgotten while there are people who caused them.

A Labourer's little son was bitten by a Snake and died of the wound. The father was beside himself with grief, and in his
anger against the Snake he caught up an axe and went and stood close to the Snake's hole, and watched for a chance
of killing it. Presently the Snake came out, and the man aimed a blow at it, but only succeeded in cutting off the tip of its
tail before it wriggled in again. He then tried to get it to come out a second time, pretending that he wished to make up
the quarrel. But the Snake said, "I can never be your friend because of my lost tail, nor you mine because of your lost
child."

Injuries are never forgotten in the presence of those who caused them.

[] , [not sang often]


. ,
[ ] . , :
[ ] ,
. . ,
: , .

THE CAGE-BIRD AND THE BAT

A singing-bird was locked in a cage which hung outside the window, and made it a habit to sing at night when all the
other birds were asleep. One night a bat came and clung to the bars of the cage, and asked the bird why she kept quiet
during the day and sang only at night. I have very good reason to do that, said the bird: Once when I was singing in the
day a bird hunter was attracted to my voice, and cast his net on me and caught me. Since then I have never sung except
at night. But the bat replied, It is no use your doing that now when you are a prisoner: if only you had done so before
you got caught, you might still be free.

Precaution is useless after the event.

A Singing-bird was confined in a cage which hung outside a window, and had a way of singing at night when all other
birds were asleep. One night a Bat came and clung to the bars of the cage, and asked the Bird why she was silent by day
and sang only at night. "I have a very good reason for doing so," [to do; / for doing
] said the Bird: "it was once when I was singing in the daytime that a fowler was attracted by my voice, and set his
nets for me and caught me. Since then I have never sung except by night." But the Bat replied, "It is no use your doing
that now when you are a prisoner: if only you had done so before you were caught, you might still have been free."

Precautions are useless after the event

, [ ; ] , , [not find;
2 ] [that] ~
. , .
, .
, . []
, , , ?
[test ], :
. [see ]

THE ASS AND HIS PURCHASER

A man who wanted to buy an ass went to the market, and, finding a plausible beast, made an agreement with the master
that he was allowed to take him home and see what he was like. Arriving home, he put him into his stable along with the
other asses. The newcomer looked around, and went at once and chose a place next to the most lazy and greedy beast in
the stable. Seeing this, the master put bridles on him at once, and pulled him out and handed him to his master again.
The latter was very surprised to see that he came back so soon, and said, Why, do you mean to say that you have tested
him already? I dont want to put him to any more tests, the other replied: I was able to find what kind of beast he was
from the companion that he chose for himself.

A friend is known by his company.


A Man who wanted to buy an Ass went to market, and, coming across a likely-looking beast, arranged with the owner
that he should be allowed to take him home on trial to see what he was like. When he reached home, he put him into his
stable along with the other asses. The newcomer took a look round, and immediately went and chose a place next to the
laziest and greediest beast in the stable. When the master saw this he put a halter on him at once, and led him off and
handed him over to his owner again. The latter was a good deal surprised to see him back so soon, and said, "Why, do
you mean to say you have tested him already?" "I don't want to put him through any more tests," replied the other: "I
could see what sort of beast he is from the companion he chose for himself."

A man is known by the company he keeps

. , ,
, : , ,
. ?
: ,
. /
. . , .
: , .

THE KID AND THE WOLF

A kid who strayed from the herd was chased by a wolf. Seeing that he would be definitely caught, he turned around and
said to the wolf, I know, sir, that I cannot help being eaten up by you: so, as my life can only be short, I beg you to make
it as merry as possible. Would you play me a tune to which I can dance before I die? The wolf saw no objection to
enjoying some music before his dinner: so he got out his flute and began to play it, while the kid danced in front of him.
Before many minutes passed the gods who had been guarding the herd heard the sound and came by to see what was
going on. On seeing the wolf they ran at him and drove him away. Scampering, he turned and said to the kid, I only
deserved this: my trade is one of a slaughter, so I had no business to turn into a flute player to please you.

A Kid strayed from the flock and was chased by a Wolf. When he saw he must be caught he turned round and said to the
Wolf, "I know, sir, that I can't escape being eaten by you: and so, as my life is bound to be short, I pray you let it be as
merry as may be. Will you not play me a tune to dance to before I die?" The Wolf saw no objection to having some music
before his dinner: so he took out his pipe and began to play, while the Kid danced before him. Before many minutes were
passed the gods who guarded the flock heard the sound and came up to see what was going on. They no sooner clapped
eyes on the Wolf than they gave chase and drove him away. As he ran off, he turned and said to the Kid, "It's what I
thoroughly deserve: my trade is the butcher's, and I had no business to turn piper to please you."


[not start / ] ,
. , ,
, . [] , , , !
[] ;
.

THE BALD HUNTSMAN

A man who had lost all his hair took to wearing a wig, and one day went out hunting. It was blowing quite hard then, and
he had not gone far when gusts of wind hit his hat away, and his wig, to the great delight of his fellow huntsmen. But he
went into joking, saying, Ah, what! The hair of which the wig was made did not cling on the head on which it grew; so it
is no wonder that it wont cling to my head.

A Man who had lost all his hair took to wearing a wig, and one day he went out hunting. It was blowing rather hard at
the time, and he hadn't gone far before a gust of wind caught his hat and carried it off, and his wig too, much to the
amusement of the hunt. But he quite entered into the joke, and said, "Ah, well! the hair that wig is made of didn't stick to
the head on which it grew; so it's no wonder it won't stick to mine."

, [not cattle] .
, , , = ,
. , ,
[not find] . , , ,
:
[not hands] .

THE HERDSMAN AND THE LOST BULL

A herdsman was tending his cattle when he lost a young bull, one of the best of the herd. He went at once to find him,
but, when his search had no success, he made a pledge that if he found the thief, he would offer a calf to Jupiter as a
sacrifice. Continuing his search, he got into a bush, where he soon caught sight of a lion devouring the lost bull. Terrified,
he raised his hands into the air and cried, The great Jupiter, I swore that I would sacrifice a calf to you: but now a grown-
up bull I promise you if only I myself escape unhurt from his claws.

A Herdsman was tending his cattle when he missed a young Bull, one of the finest of the herd. He went at once to look
for him, but, meeting with no success in his search, he made a vow that, if he should discover the thief, he would sacrifice
a calf to Jupiter. Continuing his search, he entered a thicket, where he presently espied a lion devouring the lost Bull.
Terrified with fear, he raised his hands to heaven and cried, "Great Jupiter, I vowed I would sacrifice a calf to thee if I
should discover the thief: but now a full-grown Bull I promise thee if only I myself escape unhurt from his clutches.

, , ,
[not run] , [not lively]
. [] .
[], , ,
; .

THE MULE

One morning a mule, having too much to eat and too little to do, began to think that he was a tremendously great fellow
indeed, and prancing about said, My father was no doubt a vigorous horse and I resemble him totally. But before very
long he was harnessed and forced to go a very long way with a heavy load behind him. At the end of the day, exhausted
with his abnormal toil, he said to himself weakly, I must be mistaken about my father; he must have been a mule
whatever.

One morning a Mule, who had too much to eat and too little to do, began to think himself a very fine fellow indeed, and
frisked about saying, "My father was undoubtedly a high-spirited horse and I take after him entirely." But very soon
afterwards he was put into the harness and compelled to go a very long way with a heavy load behind him. At the end
of the day, exhausted by his unusual exertions, he said dejectedly to himself, "I must have been mistaken about my father;
he can only have been an ass after all." [after all is said and done ,
; ]

, , , , ,
[not game] . ; , ,
. [-] [ ] . ,
, , ! ! !

THE HOUND AND THE FOX


A hound, who was wandering in the forest, spied a lion, and, much used to lesser game than him, chased him, thinking
that he would make a good prey. Soon the lion noticed that he was being followed; and, stopping short, he caught the
chaser unawares and gave a loud roar. The hound at once turned tail and ran off. A fox, seeing him running, laughed at
him saying, Ho! Ho! There goes a coward who chased a lion and ran off as soon as he roared!

A Hound, roaming in the forest, spied a lion, and being well used to lesser game, gave chase, thinking he would make a
fine quarry. Presently the lion perceived that he was being pursued; so, stopping short, he rounded on his pursuer and
gave a loud roar. The Hound immediately turned tail and fled. A Fox, seeing him running away, jeered at him and said, "Ho!
ho! There goes the coward who chased a lion and ran away the moment he roared!"

, , [ ] .
; .
, .
: , , : .
. : ,
, , .
. , ,
. ; [me ]
[not mention] .

THE FATHER AND HIS DAUGHTERS

A man had two daughters, one of whom he gave to a gardener, the other to a potter. After some time he thought he
would go and see how they were doing; so at first he went to the wife of the gardener. He asked her how she was, and
how things were with herself and her husband. She replied that on the whole they were doing very fine: But, she
continued, I really wish we had much rain: the garden wants it too much. Then he went to the wife of the potter and put
the same questions to her. She replied that she and her husband had nothing to complain about: But, she continued, I
really wish we had clear dry weather, to dry the pottery. Her father looked at her with a humorous expression on his face.
You wish for rainless weather, he said, and your sister wishes for rain. I was going to beg in my prayer that your wishes
may be granted; but now it assures me that I had better not talk about the matter.

A Man had two Daughters, one of whom he gave in marriage to a gardener, and the other to a potter. After a time he
thought he would go and see how they were getting on; and first he went to the gardener's wife. He asked her how she
was, and how things were going with herself and her husband. She replied that on the whole they were doing very well:
"But," she continued, "I do wish we could have some good heavy rain: the garden wants it badly." Then he went on to the
potter's wife and made the same inquiries of her. She replied that she and her husband had nothing to complain of: "But,"
she went on, "I do wish we could have some nice dry weather, to dry the pottery." Her Father looked at her with a
humorous expression on his face. "You want dry weather," he said, "and your sister wants rain. I was going to ask in my
prayers that your wishes should be granted; but now it strikes me I had better not refer to the subject.

, . , ,
[not come], , ,
. . ()
, , . ,
. .
. , ,
. .
[fronting] : ; , , [facts s v ]
.
~ . , , ,
; , , , ,
, , .
. , , ,
, [not run] ;
.

THE THIEF AND THE INNKEEPER

A thief hired a room in the inn, and stayed there a few days looking for things that he might steal. The opportunity,
however, never presented itself, when one day, a festival was about to take place, the innkeeper appeared with a fine new
coat on and sat in front of the gate of the inn to get some air. Hardly had the thief set eyes upon the coat when he
longed to have it. As it was not opening hours, he went and sat beside the innkeeper, and began talking to him. They had
a conversation together for some time, then the thief suddenly yawned and howled. The innkeeper asked him somewhat
worried what troubled him. The thief replied, Ill tell you my story, but first I must ask you to keep my clothes for me, for I
have a mind to leave them with you. Why I burst out yawnings suddenly like this I cannot tell: maybe they were sent as
punishment for my fault; but, whatever the reason, the facts are that if I yawn thrice I turn into a wolf looking for food and
run at mens throats. When he finished talking he yawned a second time and howled as before. The innkeeper, believing
all he said, and afraid of facing the wolf, hurriedly got up and started to run indoors; but the thief caught at his coat and
tried to stop him, saying, Stay, master, stay, keep my clothes, or I will never see them again, So saying he opened his
mouth and began to yawn a third time. The innkeeper, beside himself with fear of being eaten by the wolf, slipped his
body out of his coat, which was left in the others hands, scurried into the inn and locked the doors behind him; and the
thief then stole away with his triumph.

A Thief hired a room at an inn, and stayed there some days on the look-out for something to steal. No opportunity,
however, presented itself, till one day, when there was a festival to be celebrated, the Innkeeper appeared in a fine new
coat and sat down before the door of the inn for an airing. The Thief no sooner set eyes upon the coat than he longed to
get possession of it. There was no business doing, so he went and took a seat by the side of the Innkeeper, and began
talking to him. They conversed together for some time, and then the Thief suddenly yawned and howled like a wolf. The
Innkeeper asked him in some concern what ailed him. The Thief replied, "I will tell you about myself, sir, but first I must
beg you to take charge of my clothes for me, for I intend to leave them with you. Why I have these fits of yawning I
cannot tell: maybe they are sent as a punishment for my misdeeds; but, whatever the reason, the facts are that when I
have yawned three times I become a ravening wolf and fly at men's throats." As he finished speaking he yawned a second
time and howled again as before. The Innkeeper, believing every word he said, and terrified at the prospect of being
confronted with a wolf, got up hastily and started to run indoors; but the Thief caught him by the coat and tried to stop
him, crying, "Stay, sir, stay, and take charge of my clothes, or else I shall never see them again." As he spoke he opened his
mouth and began to yawn for the third time. The Innkeeper, mad with the fear of being eaten by a wolf, slipped out of
his coat, which remained in the other's hands, and bolted into the inn and locked the door behind him; and the Thief then
quietly stole off with his spoil

, ,
. , , !
: ! ,
, . , ,
, : .

THE PACK-ASS AND THE WILD ASS

A wild ass, roaming about at leisure, one day met a pack-ass stretching himself and lying in the sun and quite enjoying
himself. Coming to him, he said, What a fortunate beast you are! Your slick fur shows how well you are doing: How I envy
you! Soon after that the wild ass saw the acquaintance again, when he was carrying a heavy load, his driver following him
and beating him with a thick stick. Ah, my friend, said the wild ass, I envy you no longer: for now I see you pay dearly for
your comfort.

The benefit that has to be bought dearly is a suspicious blessing.

A Wild Ass, who was wandering idly about, one day came upon a Pack-Ass lying at full length in a sunny spot and
thoroughly enjoying himself. Going up to him, he said, "What a lucky beast you are! Your sleek coat shows how well you
live: how I envy you!" Not long after the Wild Ass saw his acquaintance again, but this time he was carrying a heavy load,
and his driver was following behind and beating him with a thick stick. "Ah, my friend," said the Wild Ass, "I don't envy
you any more: for I see you pay dear for your comforts."

Advantages that are dearly bought are doubtful blessings


, , , .
.
, .
, : ,
.
, , ,
? [fronting] ,
.

THE ASS AND HIS MASTERS

A gardener had an ass who had a very hard time, what with bits of food, heavy loads, and daily beatings. The ass
therefore begged Jupiter to take him away from the gardener and hand him over to another master. So Jupiter sent
Mercury to the gardener to make him sell the ass to a potter, which he did. But the ass was as discontented as ever, for he
had to work harder: so he begged Jupiter for help a second time, and Jupiter was so kind as to take measures to have
him sold to a tanner. But when the ass saw what his new masters trade was, he cried in despair, Why was I not satisfied
with serving either of my former masters, hard as I had to work and poorly as I was treated? For they would have buried
me properly, but now I am going to get into a tanning tub.

Servants do not appreciate a good master until they serve a worse one.

A Gardener had an Ass which had a very hard time of it, what with scanty food, heavy loads, and constant beating. The
Ass therefore begged Jupiter to take him away from the Gardener and hand him over to another master. So Jupiter sent
Mercury to the Gardener to bid him sell the Ass to a Potter, which he did. But the Ass was as discontented as ever, for he
had to work harder than before: so he begged Jupiter for relief a second time, and Jupiter very obligingly arranged that
he should be sold to a Tanner. But when the Ass saw what his new master's trade was, he cried in despair, "Why wasn't I
content to serve either of my former masters, hard as I had to work and badly as I was treated? for they would have
buried me decently, but now I shall come in the end to the tanning-vat."

Servants don't know a good master till they have served a worse.
, ,

, [not life]
, : ! ,
; , , .
! ,
. ,
; , , []
.

THE PACK-ASS, THE WILD ASS, AND THE LION

A wild ass saw a pack-ass walking with a heavy load, and teased the slavery he was under, saying: What a bad lot yours is
compared to mine! I am as free as air, and never do a stroke of work; and, as for fodder, I have only to go to the hills
where I find more than enough for my needs. But you! You depend on your master for food, and he makes you carry
heavy loads every day and beats you without mercy. At that moment a lion appeared on the spot, and made no attempt
to harm the pack-ass for the existence of the driver; but he ran at the wild ass, who had no guardian, and without much
effort made a meal of him.

It is no use being your own master if you cannot protect yourself.

A Wild Ass saw a Pack-Ass jogging along under a heavy load, and taunted him with the condition of slavery in which he
lived, in these words: "What a vile lot is yours [what a vile lot yours is; - mine
] compared with mine! I am free as the air, and never do a stroke of work; and, as for fodder, I
have only to go to the hills and there I find far more than enough for my needs. But you! you depend on your master for
food, and he makes you carry heavy loads every day and beats you unmercifully." At that moment a Lion appeared on
the scene, and made no attempt to molest the Pack-Ass owing to the presence of the driver; but he fell upon the Wild
Ass, who had no one to protect him, and without more ado made a meal of him. [make him a meal / make
a fool of me ; make me a fool]

It is no use being your own master unless you can stand up for yourself.

. ,
, , , ,
. . ,
, : , ,
, .

, .

THE ANT

Ants were once men and made their living by tilling the soil. But, not content with their results, they always cast a longing
look upon their neighbors grain and fruit, which they stole, whenever they had a chance, and added them to their store.
At last their greed made Jupiter furious and he turned them into ants. But, though their form changed, their disposition
remained the same: so, to this day, they roam among the cornfields and gathering others fruits of labor, store them up for
their use.

You may punish a thief, but his nature will not disappear.

Ants were once men and made their living by tilling the soil. But, not content with the results of their own work, they were
always casting longing eyes upon the crops and fruits of their neighbours, which they stole, whenever they got the
chance, and added to their own store. At last their covetousness made Jupiter so angry that he changed them into Ants.
But, though their forms were changed, their nature remained the same: and so, to this day, they go about among the
cornfields and gather the fruits of others' labour, and store them up for their own use.

You may punish a thief, but his bent remains.

[bent ; , , ]

. , :
. ,
, , : .
, , , , :
, ?

; [ ]

THE FROGS AND THE WELL

Two frogs lived together in the marsh. But one hot summer the marsh dried up, and they left it to find another place to
live: for frogs like damp places if they can find such places. By and by they got to a deep well, and one of them looked
down into it, and said to the other, I see this is a nice cool place: lets jump in and settle here. But the other, with a wiser
head on his shoulders, replied, Not so fast, my friend: think if this well dries up like the marsh, how can we get back out.

Think twice before you act.

Two Frogs lived together in a marsh. But one hot summer the marsh dried up, and they left it to look for another place to
live in: for frogs like damp places if they can get them. By and by they came to a deep well, and one of them looked
down into it, and said to the other, "This looks a nice cool place: let us jump in and settle here." But the other, who had a
wiser head on his shoulders, replied, "Not so fast, [dont hurry; slow down
] my friend: supposing this well dried up like the marsh, how should we get out again?"

Think twice before you act

,
. . ,
, ;
[ ]

THE CRAB AND THE FOX

A crab once left the seashore and settled in the meadow a little near the land, which looked very good and green and
nice to eat and live in. But a hungry fox who came nearby found the crab and caught him. Just before he was eaten up,
the crab said, This is what I deserve; for I had no business leaving my home on the seashore and settling here as if I
belonged to land.

Be content with your lot.

A Crab once left the sea-shore and went and settled in a meadow some way inland, which looked very nice and green
and seemed likely to be a good place to feed in. But a hungry Fox came along and spied the Crab and caught him. Just
as he was going to be eaten up, the Crab said, "This is just what I deserve; for I had no business to leave my natural
home by the sea and settle here as though I belonged to the land."

Be content with your lot


. ,
[not delicious food] , . ,
[not words], ,
[not want] . [not such] . ,
[ , not deceive] , , , ,
: []
[not many] [not scatter] .

THE FOX AND THE GRASSHOPPER

A grasshopper sat chirping among the branches. A fox heard her, and thinking how good prey she would make, he tried
to catch her with a trick. Standing under the place in full view of her, he praised her song with a most flattering voice, and
begged her to come down, saying that he would like to make an acquaintance with the owner of so beautiful a voice. But
she was not to be fallen in, and replied, You are very much mistaken, sir, if you imagine that I will come down: I have kept
well away from you and your kind since the day when I saw the wings of numerous grasshoppers were spread by the
mouth of the foxs territory.

A Grasshopper sat chirping in the branches of a tree. A Fox heard her, and, thinking what a dainty morsel she would make,
he tried to get her down by a trick. Standing below in full view of her, he praised her song in the most flattering terms,
and begged her to descend, saying he would like to make the acquaintance of the owner of so beautiful a voice. But she
was not to be taken in, and replied, "You are very much mistaken, my dear sir, if you imagine I am going to come down: I
keep well out of the way of you and your kind ever since the day when I saw numbers of grasshoppers' wings strewn
about the entrance to a fox's earth."

, ,

, , [ ]
. , [not son] :

. . , [not son; boy] ,
. , , , !
. . [fronting] ! ; ,
, , ,
, . ,
. ? ; , , . []
. [ ]
.
THE FARMER, HIS BOY, AND THE ROOKS

A farmer had just sown a wheat field, and kept a close look at it, for many rooks and starlings kept settling there and
eating up the grain. He was accompanied by his boy, with a slingshot: and every time the farmer requested the slingshot
the starlings made out what he said and warned the rooks and they fled in a while. So the farmer came up with a trick.
My lad, he said, we must get the better of these birds somehow. Next time, when I want the slingshot, I wont say
slingshot, but just humph! and then you must hand me the slingshot quickly. Soon returned the whole flock. Humph!
said the farmer; but the starlings took no notice, and he had time to shoot several stones among them, hitting one on the
head, another on the leg, another on the wing, and then they flew off out of reach. While they fled as quickly as they
could they met some cranes, who asked them what was the matter. Matter? said one of the rooks; It is those rascals,
men, that is the matter. You keep away from them. They have a way of saying one thing and meaning another which has
just been the death of some of our poor fellows.

A Farmer had just sown a field of wheat, and was keeping a careful watch over it, for numbers of Rooks and starlings kept
continually settling on it and eating up the grain. Along with him went his Boy, carrying a sling: and whenever the Farmer
asked for the sling the starlings understood what he said and warned the Rooks and they were off in a moment. So the
Farmer hit on a trick. "My lad," said he, "we must get the better of these birds somehow. After this, when I want the sling,
I won't say 'sling,' but just 'humph!' and you must then hand me the sling quickly." Presently back came the whole flock.
"Humph!" said the Farmer; but the starlings took no notice, and he had time to sling several stones among them, hitting
one on the head, another in the legs, and another in the wing, before they got out of range. As they made all haste away
they met some cranes, who asked them what the matter was. "Matter?" said one of the Rooks; "it's those rascals, men, that
are the matter. Don't you go near them. They have a way of saying one thing and meaning another which has just been
the death of several of our poor friends."

, , , . ,
, , .
,
. [] , ,
, , , . ,
, . , , , . [
] : ?

THE ASS AND THE DOG

An ass and a dog were traveling together, and, on their way, they found a sealed container on the ground. The ass picked
it up, broke the seal, and found contained in it some writing, which he went on reading aloud to the dog. While he kept
reading it turned out to be all about grass and barley and hayin short, all kinds of fodder that asses like. The dog was a
great deal bored with hearing all this, until his impatience got the better of him, and he shouted, Just skip some pages,
my friend, and see if there isnt anything about meat and bones. The ass glanced over the container, but found nothing of
the kind, and told him so. And the dog said in disgust, Ah, do throw it away: what is the use of such a thing?

An Ass and a Dog were on their travels together, and, as they went along, they found a sealed packet lying on the ground.
The Ass picked it up, broke the seal, and found it contained some writing, which he proceeded to read out aloud to the
Dog. As he read on it turned out to be all about grass and barley and hayin short, all the kinds of fodder that Asses are
fond of. The Dog was a good deal bored with listening to all this, till at last his impatience got the better of him, and he
cried, "Just skip a few pages, friend, and see if there isn't something about meat and bones." The Ass glanced all through
the packet, but found nothing of the sort, and said so. Then the Dog said in disgust, "Oh, throw it away, do: what's the
good of a thing like that?"

.
;
, [not boast] .
, , ,
. , ,
, , , , ,
?

[?] .

THE ASS CARRYING THE IMAGE

A man put an image on the back of his ass to take it to one of the temples in town. All the people they met on their way
found the image and bowed in awe of it; but the ass thought that they did so out of the respect for him, and began to
pride himself accordingly. At last he became so proud that he imagined that he could do anything as he pleased, and, in
protest against the load he was carrying, he stopped short and flatly refused to go any further. His driver, seeing he was
so stubborn, beat him hard and long with his stick, while saying, Ah, you head, do you think this means that people
honor an ass?

Unpleasant shock waits for those who give themselves the credit that is due to others.

A certain man put an Image on the back of his Ass to take it to one of the temples of the town. As they went along the
road all the people they met uncovered and bowed their heads out of reverence for the Image; but the Ass thought they
were doing it out of respect for himself, and began to give himself airs accordingly. At last he became so conceited that
he imagined he could do as he liked, and, by way of protest against the load he was carrying, he came to a full stop and
flatly declined to proceed any further. His driver, finding him so obstinate, hit him hard and long with his stick, saying the
while, "Oh, you dunder-headed idiot, do you suppose it's come to this, that men pay worship to an Ass?"

Rude shocks [rude awakening] await those who take to themselves the credit that is due to others.

, , .
, .
[] , [not insist; ]
, ;
, ,
. , , ; ,
, , , ; ,
, , .

THE ATHENIAN AND THE THEBAN

An Athenian and a Theban were on the road together, and passed time in conversation, as is the way of travelers. After
debating various topics they began talking about heroes, a topic which tends to be rich rather than beneficial. Each of
them was lavish on the praise to the heroes of his own city, until at last the Theban maintained that Hercules was the
greatest hero who ever lived on earth, and that now he was on top among the gods; while the Athenian insisted that
Theseus was even greater, for his fortune was given the most blessing in every respect, whereas Hercules was once
compelled to be a servant. And he got a point, for he was a very eloquent fellow, as all Athenians were; so the Theban, no
match for him in speech, cried at last in disgust, Okay, do as you like; I only hope that, when our heroes get angry with us,
Athenians suffer from the fury of Hercules, and Thebans from only that of Theseus.

An Athenian and a Theban were on the road together, and passed the time in conversation, as is the way of travellers.
After discussing a variety of subjects they began to talk about heroes, a topic that tends to be more fertile than edifying.
Each of them was lavish in his praises of the heroes of his own city, until eventually the Theban asserted that Hercules was
the greatest hero who had ever lived on earth, and now occupied a foremost place among the gods; while the Athenian
insisted that Theseus was far superior, for his fortune had been in every way supremely blessed, whereas Hercules had at
one time been forced to act as a servant. And he gained his point, for he was a very glib fellow, like all Athenians; so that
the Theban, who was no match for him in talking, cried at last in some disgust, "All right, have your way; I only hope that,
when our heroes are angry with us, Athens may suffer from the anger of Hercules, and Thebes only from that of Theseus."


[] [not pen] ,
.
, ; .
, : , ,
.

THE GOATHERD AND THE GOAT

A goatherd one day was gathering his herd into the barn to return, when one of his goats strayed and refused to join the
rest. He tried for long to get her to come back, calling her and whistling, but the goat took no notice of him; so at last he
threw a stone at her and broke one of her horns. Terrified, he begged her not to tell his master: but she replied, You
foolish fellow, my horn will call out loud even if I keep silent.

It is no use trying to conceal what cannot be concealed.

A Goatherd was one day gathering his flock to return to the fold, when one of his goats strayed and refused to join the
rest. He tried for a long time to get her to return by calling and whistling to her, but the Goat took no notice of him at all;
so at last he threw a stone at her and broke one of her horns. In dismay, he begged her not to tell his master: but she
replied, "You silly fellow, my horn would cry aloud even if I held my tongue."

It's no use trying to hide what can't be hidden

. , ,
, , .
[not only] , : [fronting]
, .
, , , : ?
! ! , ,
! ,
.

THE SHEEP AND THE DOG

Once the sheep complained to the shepherd about his discrimination between themselves and his dog. Your behavior,
they said, is very strange, and, we think, very unfair. We provide you with fleece and lambs and milk but you merely give
us grass, and even that we have to find for ourselves: but you get nothing at all from the dog, but still you feed him
tidbits from your table. Overhearing their remarks, the dog raised his voice and said at once, Yes, and quite true: where
would you be without me? Thieves would steal you! Wolves would eat you up! Truth to tell, if I did not keep an eye on
you, you would be too scared to graze! The sheep could not help but admit that what he said was true, and never
complained again about the treatment he got from his master.

Once upon a time the Sheep complained to the shepherd about the difference in his treatment of themselves and his
Dog. "Your conduct," said they, "is very strange and, we think, very unfair. We provide you with wool and lambs and milk
and you give us nothing but grass, and even that we have to find for ourselves: but you get nothing at all from the Dog,
and yet you feed him with tit-bits from your own table." Their remarks were overheard by the Dog, who spoke up at
once and said, "Yes, and quite right, too: where would you be if it wasn't for me? Thieves would steal you! Wolves would
eat you! Indeed, if I didn't keep constant watch over you, you would be too terrified even to graze!" The Sheep were
obliged to acknowledge that he spoke the truth, and never again made a grievance of the regard in which he was held
by his master

, .
, ,
. , , , .
, , ,
. , [ ]
. ,
; , , .

THE SHEPHERD AND THE WOLF

A shepherd found a wolfs cub wandering in the meadow, and took him home and raised him together with his dogs.
When the cub grew to his full size, if a wolf stole a sheep from the herd, he used to join the dogs and chase him to the
end. Sometimes it happened that the dogs failed to find the thief, then, giving up the chase, went home. The wolf at such
times would continue his pursue by himself, and when he caught up with the culprit, stop to share the good meal with
him, and then went back to the shepherd. But if some time passed without a single sheep fetched by wolves, he stole one
himself and would share his spoil with the dogs. The shepherds suspicion arose, and one day he caught him in the act;
then, tying a rope around his neck, hung him on the nearest tree.

A Shepherd found a Wolf's Cub straying in the pastures, and took him home and reared him along with his dogs. When
the Cub grew to his full size, if ever a wolf stole a sheep from the flock, he used to join the dogs in hunting him down. It
sometimes happened that the dogs failed to come up with the thief, and, abandoning the pursuit, returned home. The
Wolf would on such occasions continue the chase by himself, and when he overtook the culprit, would stop and share the
feast with him, and then return to the Shepherd. But if some time passed without a sheep being carried off by the wolves,
he would steal one himself and share his plunder with the dogs. The Shepherd's suspicions were aroused, and one day he
caught him in the act; and, fastening a rope round his neck, hung him on the nearest tree.

What's bred in the bone is sure to come out in the flesh

, ,

, , , [] :
, .
; : , ,
, . , , ,
. , .
, , .
, , ?
: , .
: , , , , [fronting ]
, , .

THE LION, JUPITER, AND THE ELEPHANT

The lion, with all his size, power, and his sharp teeth and claws, is a coward in one respect: he cannot stand the cowing of
a cock, and runs away whenever he hears it. He complained to Jupiter severely for making him thus; but Jupiter said that
it was not his fault: that he did his best he could for him, and, considering that this was his only failure, he ought to be
content. The lion, however, was not consoled, and was so ashamed of his timidity that he wished he would die. With a
mind like this, he met an elephant and talked with him. He noticed that the big beast pricked his ears all the time, as if he
were listening for something, so he asked him what the matter was. Just then a gnat came buzzing, and the elephant said,
Do you see that nasty little humming insect? Im terribly afraid that he might get in my ear: if once he gets in, I am dead
and finished. The lions spirits arose at once when he heard this: Why, he said to himself, if the elephant, big as he is, is
afraid of gnats, I need not be ashamed of being scared of a cock, which is ten thousand times bigger than a gnat.

The Lion, for all his size and strength, and his sharp teeth and claws, is a coward in one thing: he can't bear the sound of
a cock crowing, and runs away whenever he hears it. He complained bitterly to Jupiter for making him like that; but Jupiter
said it wasn't his fault: he had done the best he could for him, and, considering this was his only failing, he ought to be
well content. The Lion, however, wouldn't be comforted, and was so ashamed of his timidity that he wished he might
die. [he wished to die ] In this state of mind, he met the Elephant and had a talk with him. He noticed
that the great beast cocked up his ears all the time, as if he were listening for something, and he asked him why he did
so. Just then a gnat came humming by, and the Elephant said, "Do you see that wretched little buzzing insect? I'm terribly
afraid of its getting into my ear: if it once gets in, I'm dead and done for." The Lion's spirits rose at once when he heard
this: "For," he said to himself, "if the Elephant, huge as he is, is afraid of a gnat, I needn't be so much ashamed of being
afraid of a cock, who is ten thousand times bigger than a gnat.

. ,
. ,
, ,
. , , , :
, .

THE PIG AND THE SHEEP

A pig found a way to the meadow where a flock of sheep were grazing. The shepherd caught him, and was about to take
him to a butcher when he squealed loudly and struggled to get free. The sheep scolded him for making such a fuss, and
said to him, The shepherd catches us regularly and take us just like that, and we make no noise. No, I dare say you
wouldnt, replied the pig, But my case is totally different from yours: he wants you for wool, but he wants me for bacon.

A Pig found his way into a meadow where a flock of Sheep were grazing. The shepherd caught him, and was proceeding
to carry him off to the butcher's when he set up a loud squealing and struggled to get free. The Sheep rebuked him for
making such a to-do, and said to him, "The shepherd catches us regularly and drags us off just like that, and we don't
make any fuss." "No, I dare say not," replied the Pig, "but my case and yours are altogether different: he only wants you
for wool, but he wants me for bacon."

, .
, .
; ,
, [that] , ,
.

THE GARDENER AND HIS DOG

A gardeners dog fell into a well, from which his master would fetch water for the plants in his garden with a rope and a
bucket. Failing to get the dog out by these means, the gardener went down into the well himself to lift him. But the dog
thought that he came to make sure to drown him; so he bit his master when he came within reach, and injured him
severely, with a result that he left the dog with his lot and got out of the well, saying, I deserve what I got, for I tried to
save such a thing determined to kill himself.

A Gardner's Dog fell into a deep well, from which his master used to draw water for the plants in his garden with a rope
and a bucket. Failing to get the Dog out by means of these, the Gardener went down into the well himself in order to
fetch him up. But the Dog thought he had come to make sure of drowning him; so he bit his master as soon as he came
within reach, and hurt him a good deal, with the result that he left the Dog to his fate and climbed out of the well,
remarking, "It serves me quite right for trying to save so determined a suicide." []

. ,
, : ,
[not salt] . , .

THE RIVERS AND THE SEA

Once all the rivers united in order to protest against the sea making their waters salt. When we come to you, they said to
the sea, we are sweet and good to drink: but once we mix with you, our waters get as salty and tasteless as yours. The
sea replied shortly, Keep away from me and you will remain sweet.

Once upon a time all the Rivers combined to protest against the action of the Sea in making their waters salt. "When we
come to you," said they to the Sea, "we are sweet and drinkable: but when once we have mingled with you, our waters
become as briny and unpalatable as your own." The Sea replied shortly, "Keep away from me and you'll remain sweet."

;
[not reluctant] , ;
. [not way / means] ,
: [not marriage]
[not clip] , .
. [] , , ,
, .
THE LION IN LOVE

A lion fell deeply in love with a daughter of a man living in a cabin and wanted to marry her; but her father was not
willing to give her to such a terrible husband, and at the same time he did not want to provoke the lion; so he hit upon
an idea like this. He went and said to the lion, I think you will make a very good husband for my daughter: but I cannot
consent to your union unless you allow me to pull out your teeth and cut off your claws, for my daughter is so afraid of
them. The lion was so much in love that he was glad to agree to be done thus. Once, however, he was disarmed thus, the
owner of the cabin was afraid of him no longer, but drove him away with his club.

A Lion fell deeply in love with the daughter of a cottager and wanted to marry her; but her father was unwilling to give
her to so fearsome a husband, and yet didn't want to offend the Lion; so he hit upon the following expedient. He went
to the Lion and said, "I think you will make a very good husband for my daughter: but I cannot consent to your union
unless you let me draw your teeth and pare your nails, for my daughter is terribly afraid of them." The Lion was so much
in love that he readily agreed that this should be done. When once, however, he was thus disarmed, the Cottager was
afraid of him no longer, but drove him away with his club

, .
, .
, ,
, . [not angry upset] ,
, ,
!

THE BEE-KEEPER

A thief found a way into the apiary while the bee-keeper was away, and stole all the honey. When the bee-keeper returned
and found the beehives empty, he got so mad that he stood staring at them for a while. Before long the bees came back
from the work of gathering honey, and, finding their hives overturned and the bee-keeper standing by, flew at him with
their sting. At this he got mad and cried, You ungrateful scoundrels, you let the thief who stole my honey get away with it,
and then you try to go and sting me, who had always taken such care of you!

A Thief found his way into an apiary when the Bee-keeper was away, and stole all the honey. When the Keeper returned
and found the hives empty, he was very much upset and stood staring at them for some time. Before long the bees came
back from gathering honey, and, finding their hives overturned and the Keeper standing by, they made for him with their
stings. At this he fell into a passion and cried, "You ungrateful scoundrels, you let the thief who stole my honey get off
scot-free, and then you go and sting me who have always taken such care of you!"
When you hit back make sure you have got the right man.

[] , , , . ,
, . ,
. , , ,
.

The Wolf and the Horse

A wolf on strolling got to an oat field, but, unable to eat it, went on his way when a horse came along. Look, said the
wolf, here is a fine oat field. I left it untouched for you, and I will be very glad to hear your teeth nibbling the ripe grain.
But the horse replied, If wolves could eat oats, my good friend, you would hardly ever indulge your ears at the cost of
your stomach.

A Wolf on his rambles came to a field of oats, but, not being able to eat them, he was passing on his way when a Horse
came along. "Look," said the Wolf, "here's a fine field of oats. For your sake I have left it untouched, and I shall greatly
enjoy the sound of your teeth munching the ripe grain." But the Horse replied, "If wolves could eat oats, my fine friend,
you would hardly have indulged your ears at the cost of your belly."

There is no virtue in giving to others what is useless to oneself.

, ,

, , . ;
; : .
, , .
, , ;
;
, .

THE BAT, THE BRAMBLE, AND THE SEAGULL


A Bat, a Bramble, and a Seagull went into partnership and determined to go on a trading voyage together. The Bat
borrowed a sum of money for his venture; the Bramble laid in a stock of clothes of various kinds; and the Seagull took a
quantity of lead: and so they set out. By and by a great storm came on, and their boat with all the cargo went to the
bottom, but the three travellers managed to reach land. Ever since then the Seagull flies to and fro over the sea, and every
now and then dives below the surface, looking for the lead he's lost; while the Bat is so afraid of meeting his creditors that
he hides away by day and only comes out at night to feed; and the Bramble catches hold of the clothes of every one who
passes by, hoping some day to recognise and recover the lost garments.

All men are more concerned to recover what they lose than to acquire what they lack

;
,
: .
. [very and] : .
. ,
. , , : ?
, , , .

THE DOG AND THE WOLF

A dog was lying in a sunny spot in front of the farm gate when a wolf jumped on him and was about to eat him up; but
he begged for his life saying, You see how lean I am and what a poor meal I will make for you now: but if you will wait
just a few days my master will throw a feast. All the fat tidbits will fall upon me and I will get a good deal fat: thats when
you can eat me. The wolf thought this was a very good plan and went away. After a while he went to the farm again, and
found the dog lying out of reach on the roof of the stable. Get down, he called, and be eaten: you remember our
agreement? But the dog said coldly, My friend, if you spot me lying beside the gate over there again, dont wait for any
feasts.

A Dog was lying in the sun before a farmyard gate when a Wolf pounced upon him and was just going to eat him up;
but he begged for his life and said, "You see how thin I am and what a wretched meal I should make you now: but if you
will only wait a few days my master is going to give a feast. All the rich scraps and pickings will fall to me and I shall get
nice and fat: then will be the time for you to eat me." The Wolf thought this was a very good plan and went away. Some
time afterwards he came to the farmyard again, and found the Dog lying out of reach on the stable roof. "Come down,"
he called, "and be eaten: you remember our agreement?" But the Dog said coolly, "My friend, if ever you catch me lying
down by the gate there again, don't you wait for any feast."


, , .
, .
, , [fronting] , ,
, [not die; be killed]

THE WASP AND THE SNAKE

A wasp settled on the head of a snake, and not only stung him a number of times, but stuck stubbornly on the head of
his victim. Mad with pain the snake tried every means to get rid of him, but without success. At last he got desperate, and
crying, Kill you I will, even at the cost of my life, he laid his head with the wasp on it under the wheel of a passing wagon,
and both of them were crushed to death together.

A Wasp settled on the head of a Snake, and not only stung him several times, but clung obstinately to the head of his
victim. Maddened with pain the Snake tried every means he could think of to get rid of the creature, but without success.
At last he became desperate, and crying, "Kill you I will, [ fronting] even at the cost of my own life," he
laid his head with the Wasp on it under the wheel of a passing waggon, and they both perished together

, [ ]
. , .
[] , .
, . ,
, .
, ,
: .
, .
, , , ,
, . , ,
.

, .

THE EAGLE AND THE BEETLE

An Eagle was chasing a hare, which was running for dear life and was at her wits' end to know where to turn for help.
Presently she espied a Beetle, and begged it to aid her. So when the Eagle came up the Beetle warned her not to touch
the hare, which was under its protection. But the Eagle never noticed the Beetle because it was so small, seized the hare
and ate her up. The Beetle never forgot this, and used to keep an eye on the Eagle's nest, and whenever the Eagle laid an
egg it climbed up and rolled it out of the nest and broke it. At last the Eagle got so worried over the loss of her eggs that
she went up to Jupiter, who is the special protector of Eagles, and begged him to give her a safe place to nest in: so he let
her lay her eggs in his lap. But the Beetle noticed this and made a ball of dirt the size of an Eagle's egg, and flew up and
deposited it in Jupiter's lap. When Jupiter saw the dirt, he stood up to shake it out of his robe, and, forgetting about the
eggs, he shook them out too, and they were broken just as before. Ever since then, they say, Eagles never lay their eggs at
the season when Beetles are about.

The weak will sometimes find ways to avenge an insult, even upon the strong

.
[I am ing /] , , .
, , ,
[not net] . .
! : , ,
.

THE FOWLER AND THE LARK

A fowler was setting nets for little birds when a lark came to him and asked him what he was doing. I am engaged in
building a city, he said, and with that withdrew a short distance and hid himself. The lark watched the nets with great
curiosity, and soon, spying baits, jumped on them to secure them and got entangled in the nets. The fowler then came
running quickly and captured her. What a fool I am! she said: But anyway, if it is the kind of city you are building, it will
be long before you will find fools enough to fill it.

A Fowler was setting his nets for little birds when a Lark came up to him and asked him what he was doing. "I am
engaged in [ ] founding a city," said he, and with that he withdrew to a short
distance and concealed himself. The Lark examined the nets with great curiosity, and presently, catching sight of the bait,
hopped on to them in order to secure it, and became entangled in the meshes. The Fowler then ran up quickly and
captured her. "What a fool I was!" said she: "but at any rate, if that's the kind of city you are founding, it'll be a long time
before you find [ ] fools enough to fill it.

; ,
, , .
[not continue] , :
, .
, , ! : ,
!

The Fisherman Piping

A Fisherman who could play the flute went down one day to the sea-shore with his nets and his flute; and, taking his
stand on a projecting rock, began to play a tune, thinking that the music would bring the fish jumping out of the sea. He
went on playing for some time, but not a fish appeared: so at last he threw down his flute and cast his net into the sea,
and made a great haul of fish. When they were landed and he saw them leaping about on the shore, he cried, "You rascals!
you wouldn't dance when I piped: but now I've stopped, you can do nothing else!"

, ,
, , , ?
[not kill] ,
. , , [not admit]
? ? , ! ,
. [fronting]

THE WEASEL AND THE MAN

A man once caught a weasel, which had always prowled about the house, and was about to drown him in a tub, when he
begged for his life, saying, Certainly you have no intention of putting me to death? Consider how much use I had been in
clearing your house infested with the mice and lizards, and show your gratitude by saving my life. You were not entirely
useless, I grant you, said the man, But who killed my fowls? Who stole my meat? No, no! You have done much harm than
good, so die you must.

A Man once caught a Weasel, which was always sneaking about the house, and was just going to drown it in a tub of
water, when it begged hard for its life, and said to him, "Surely you haven't the heart to put me to death? Think how
useful I have been in clearing your house of the mice and lizards which used to infest it, and show your gratitude by
sparing my life." "You have not been altogether useless, I grant you," said the Man: "but who killed the fowls? Who stole
the meat? No, no! You do much more harm than good, and die you shall."

, ,

, .
, , . ,
, , , :
? [not have to] . , , , , .

THE PLOUGHMAN, THE ASS, AND THE OX

A Ploughman yoked his Ox and his Ass together, and set to work to plough his field. It was a poor makeshift of a team,
but it was the best he could do, as he had but a single Ox. At the end of the day, when the beasts were loosed from the
yoke, the Ass said to the Ox, "Well, we've had a hard day: which of us is to carry the master home?" The Ox looked
surprised at the question. "Why," said he, "you, to be sure, as usual.

;
, , , .
. : , ,
, : , ;
. ? . , ,
.

DEMADES AND HIS FABLE

Demades the orator was once speaking in the Assembly at Athens; but the people were very inattentive to what he was
saying, so he stopped and said, "Gentlemen, I should like to tell you one of Aesop's fables." This made every one listen
intently. Then Demades began: "Demeter, a Swallow, and an Eel were once travelling together, and came to a river without
a bridge: the Swallow flew over it, and the Eel swam across"; and then he stopped. "What happened to Demeter?" cried
several people in the audience. "Demeter," he replied, "is very angry with you for listening to fables when you ought to be
minding public business.

.
[it happened ] .
, . ,
, . , , ,
. the Piraeus ,
. , . , , the Piraeus ,
. , , , ,
. , , ,
.

The Monkey and the Dolphin

When people go on a voyage they often take with them lap-dogs or monkeys as pets to wile away the time. Thus it fell
out that a man returning to Athens from the East had a pet Monkey on board with him. As they neared the coast of Attica
a great storm burst upon them, and the ship capsized. All on board were thrown into the water, and tried to save
themselves by swimming, the Monkey among the rest. A Dolphin saw him, and, supposing him to be a man, took him on
his back and began swimming towards the shore. When they got near the Piraeus, which is the port of Athens, the
Dolphin asked the Monkey if he was an Athenian. The Monkey replied that he was, and added that he came of a very
distinguished family. "Then, of course, you know the Piraeus," continued the Dolphin. The Monkey thought he was
referring to some high official or other, and replied, "Oh, yes, he's a very old friend of mine." At that, detecting his
hypocrisy, the Dolphin was so disgusted that he dived below the surface, and the unfortunate Monkey was quickly
drowned

, , ,
,
. , , ,
! , !

THE CROW AND THE SNAKE

A hungry Crow spied a Snake lying asleep in a sunny spot, and, picking it up in his claws, he was carrying it off to a place
where he could make a meal of it without being disturbed, when the Snake reared its head and bit him. It was a
poisonous Snake, and the bite was fatal, and the dying Crow said, "What a cruel fate is mine! I thought I had made a lucky
find, and it has cost me my life!

, . [not bite pull; ]


, , , [not certainly; ] ;
[not much; ] .

THE DOGS AND THE FOX

Some dogs once found a lions skin, and worrying it with their teeth. Just then a fox came along, saying, You think you are
very brave, no doubt; but if it were a live lion you would find that his claws were a good deal sharper than your teeth.

Some Dogs once found a lion's skin, and were worrying it with their teeth. Just then a Fox came by, and said, "You think
yourselves very brave, no doubt; but if that were a live lion you'd find his claws a good deal sharper than your teeth."

, . [not habit]
, .
: , , :
. .
, , [not think]
[ ] .

THE NIGHTINGALE AND THE HAWK

A Nightingale was sitting on a bough of an oak and singing, as her custom was. A hungry Hawk presently spied her, and
darting to the spot seized her in his talons. He was just about to tear her in pieces when she begged him to spare her life:
"I'm not big enough," she pleaded, "to make you a good meal: you ought to seek your prey among the bigger birds." The
Hawk eyed her with some contempt. "You must think me very simple," said he, "if you suppose I am going to give up a
certain prize on the chance of a better of which I see at present no signs

, ,
! () .
, , , :
, . [not wither] , ;
.

THE ROSE AND THE AMARANTH


A rose and an amaranth blossomed side by side in the garden, and the amaranth said to her neighbor, How I envy you
your beauty and your sweet fragrance! No wonder you are such a universal favorite. But the rose replied with a shade of
sadness in her voice Ah, my dear friend, I bloom only for an instant: my petals soon wither and fall, and then I die. But
your flowers never fade, even if they are cut; for they last for ever.

A Rose and an Amaranth blossomed side by side in a garden, and the Amaranth said to her neighbour, "How I envy you
your beauty and your sweet scent! [ ; ] No wonder you are such a universal favourite." But the Rose replied
with a shade of sadness in her voice, "Ah, my dear friend, I bloom but for a time: my petals soon wither and fall, and then
I die. But your flowers never fade, even if they are cut; for they are everlasting."

, , ,

, , , , [ ] .
, , , :
, , .
, , .
, . ,
; [not lack] , ;
, , ,
, [not strange]
.

THE MAN, THE HORSE, THE OX, AND THE DOG

One winter day, during a severe storm, a horse, an ox, and a dog came and begged for a shelter in a mans house. He
gladly admitted them, and, as they were shivering with cold and wet, he built a fire for their comfort: and he put oats
before the horse, hay before the ox, while he fed the dog the leftovers of his dinner. As the storm let up, and they were
about to leave, they determined to show their gratitude in the following way. They divided mans life among them, and
each presented one part of it with his own unique feature. The horse took youth, so since then the young are alive and
kicking and impatient of restraint; the ox took the middle age, and accordingly the middle-aged are steady and hard-
working; while the dog took the old age, which is why the old are so often annoyed and ill-tempered and, like dogs,
primarily attached to those who take care of their comfort, while they snap at those who are unfamiliar or distasteful to
them.

One winter's day, during a severe storm, a Horse, an Ox, and a Dog came and begged for shelter in the house of a Man.
He readily admitted them, and, as they were cold and wet, he lit a fire for their comfort: and he put oats before the Horse,
and hay before the Ox, while he fed the Dog with the remains of his own dinner. When the storm abated, and they were
about to depart, they determined to show their gratitude in the following way. They divided the life of Man among them,
and each endowed one part of it with the qualities which were peculiarly his own. The Horse took youth, and hence young
men are high-mettled and impatient of restraint; the Ox took middle age, and accordingly men in middle life are steady
and hard-working; while the Dog took old age, which is (the reason) why old men are so often peevish and ill-tempered,
and, like dogs, attached chiefly to those who look to their comfort, while they are disposed to snap at those who are
unfamiliar or distasteful to them.

, ,

,
[not kill ] . [not condition]; , [not age]
, , ? ,
[not near] , !

THE WOLVES, THE SHEEP, AND THE RAM

The wolves sent a deputation to the sheep with proposals of lasting peace between them, on the condition that they put
the sheep dogs to instant death. The foolish sheep agreed to the terms; but an old ram, as his years had brought him
wisdom, interfered and said, How can we expect to live in peace with you? Why, even though the dogs protect us beside
us, we are never secure from your murderous attacks!

The Wolves sent a deputation to the Sheep with proposals for a lasting peace between them, on condition of their giving
up the sheep-dogs to instant death. The foolish Sheep agreed to the terms; but an old Ram, whose years had brought
him wisdom, interfered and said, "How can we expect to live at peace with you? Why, even with the dogs at hand to
protect us, we are never secure from your murderous attacks!"

[not only] . ,
, [ ] ,
. , [not invite] [not take out;
] , : [not made] .
, [not as time passed] , .
[suddenly ] , , ,
!
. [not tell]

THE SWAN
The swan is said to sing nothing but once in his lifewhen he knows that he is about to die. A certain man, who had
heard of swansong, one day saw one of these birds in the market for sale, and bought it and took it home with him. Some
days later he had some of his friends to dinner, and produced the swan, and then invited the swan to sing for their
entertainment: but the swan remained silent. In the course of time, when it grew older, it recognized the nearing end and
burst out a sweet and sad song. Its owner heard it, and said angrily, If it sings only just before it dies, what a fool I was
that day when I wanted to hear it sing! I should have wrung its neck instead of just inviting it to sing.

The Swan is said to sing but once in its lifewhen it knows that it is about to die. A certain man, who had heard of the
song of the Swan, [hear of ~ ; hear the song; ] one day saw one
of these birds for sale in the market, and bought it and took it home with him. A few days later he had some friends to
dinner, and produced the Swan, and bade it sing for their entertainment: but the Swan remained silent. In course of time,
when it was growing old, it became aware of its approaching end and broke into a sweet, sad song. When its owner
heard it, he said angrily, "If the creature only sings when it is about to die, what a fool I was that day I wanted to hear its
song! I ought to have wrung its neck instead of merely inviting it to sing."

,
: .
. , , ,
.

[ .
! ! , manners.
. . .
. ]

THE SNAKE AND JUPITER

A snake suffered very much from being always trampled by men and beasts, partly because of the length of his body and
partly because if he was beaten he could not raise himself up: so he went and complained to Jupiter about the danger to
which he was exposed. But Jupiter was scarcely sympathetic with him. I daresay, he said, if you had bitten the first one
who trod you, others would have more trouble looking where their feet stepped.

A Snake suffered a good deal from being constantly trodden upon by man and beast, owing partly to the length of his
body and partly to his being unable to raise himself above the surface of the ground: so he went and complained to
Jupiter about the risks to which he was exposed. But Jupiter had little sympathy for him. "I dare say," said he, "that if you
had bitten the first that trod on you, the others would have taken more trouble to look where they put their feet."
, , ,
, . ( ; not think) ! , , ,
; , ,
. . , ,
, .

The Wolf and His Shadow

A wolf, roaming in the fields as the sun was going down in the sky, got enchanted by the size of his own shadow, and said
to himself, I didnt know I was so big. Fancy I am afraid of lions! Why, I, not he, should be king of the beasts; and, taking
no notice of danger, he went bragging as if there could be no doubt about it. Just then a lion sprang at him and began to
devour him. Alas, he cried, If I had not lost sight of the fact, I would not perish owing to my phantasy.

A Wolf, who was roaming about on the plain when the sun was getting low in the sky, was much impressed by the size
of his shadow, and said to himself, "I had no idea I was so big. Fancy my being afraid of a lion! Why, I, not he, ought to be
King of the beasts"; and, heedless of danger, he strutted about as if there could be no doubt at all about it. Just then a
lion sprang upon him and began to devour him. "Alas," he cried, "had I not lost sight of the facts, I shouldn't have been
ruined by my fancies.

, .
, .
, , , ,
, . ,
, , , ,
.

THE PLOUGHMAN AND THE WOLF

A ploughman released his oxen from the plough, and led them off to the water to drink. While he was away a half-starved
wolf appeared on the scene, went up to the plough and began to chew the straps attached to the yoke. While he was
gnawing desperately in the hope of satisfying his hunger, he happened to be entangled in the harness, and, terrified,
struggled to get free, dragging in the little traces as if to pull the plough along with him. Just then the ploughman came
back, saw what was happening, cried, Ah, you old rascal, is it not time you washed your hands of thieving and began
honest work instead?

A Ploughman loosed his oxen from the plough, and led them away to the water to drink. While he was absent a half-
starved Wolf appeared on the scene, and went up to the plough and began chewing the leather straps attached to the
yoke. As he gnawed away desperately in the hope of satisfying his craving for food, he somehow got entangled in the
harness, and, taking fright, struggled to get free, tugging at the traces as if he would drag the plough along with him. Just
then the Ploughman came back, and seeing what was happening, he cried, "Ah, you old rascal, I wish you would give up
thieving for good and take to honest work [take to ] instead.

, () .
, ,
. , , , .
. ,
[ ; not beat hit] , , , ?

MERCURY AND THE MAN BITTEN BY AN ANT

A man once saw a ship going down with all the crew, and talked harshly about the injustice of gods. They take no notice
of mans character, he said, They just let both the good and the bad go to death. There was an anthill near where he was
standing, and, just as he was talking, he got bitten in the foot by the ants. Taking it out on the anthill he trampled it and
crushed hundreds of innocent ants. Suddenly Mercury turned up, and with his staff, saying, You rascal, where is your great
justice now?

A Man once saw a ship go down with all its crew, and commented severely on the injustice of the gods. "They care
nothing for a man's character," said he, "but let the good and the bad go to their deaths together." There was an ant-
heap close by where he was standing, and, just as he spoke, he was bitten in the foot by an Ant. Turning in a temper to
the ant-heap he stamped upon it and crushed hundreds of unoffending ants. Suddenly Mercury appeared, and
belaboured him with his staff, saying as he did so, "You villain, where's your nice sense of justice now?"

,
[not luxury], , . ,
, : ,
[not use] [not attitude] , ,
. ! ! , ,
? [not why]
[not ugly] . , .
; , , .

THE WILY LION

A lion watched a fat bull feeding in a meadow, and his mouth watered while he thought of the feast he would make,
but he dared not attack him, for he was afraid of his sharp horns. Hunger, however, presently compelled him to do
something: and as the use of strength did not guarantee success, he determined to resort to tricks. Going up to the bull in
a friendly way, he said to him, I cannot help saying how much I admire your magnificent looks. What a beautiful head!
What strong shoulders and thighs! But, my dear friend, what in the world makes you wear such ugly horns? You must find
them as awkward as unsightly. Believe me, you would be much better without them. The bull was so foolish enough to be
persuaded by this flattery and cut off his horns; and, having lost his only means of defense, fell an easy prey to the lion.

A Lion watched a fat Bull feeding in a meadow, and his mouth watered when he thought of the royal feast he would
make, but he did not dare to attack him, for he was afraid of his sharp horns. Hunger, however, presently compelled him
to do something: and as the use of force did not promise success, he determined to resort to artifice. Going up to the
Bull in friendly fashion, he said to him, "I cannot help saying how much I admire your magnificent figure. What a fine head!
What powerful shoulders and thighs! But, my dear friend, what in the world makes you wear those ugly horns? You must
find them as awkward as they are unsightly. [as as s be ; ] Believe me, you would do much
better without them." The Bull was foolish enough to be persuaded by this flattery to have his horns cut off; and, having
now lost his only means of defence, fell an easy prey to the Lion

. [give ]
, . [heart] ,
. , , , [who the hell ]
? , . , ,
, , ? , , , ,
. , , ,
. ; [voice ] .

THE PARROT AND THE CAT

A man once bought a parrot and gave him freedom to move about his house. He enjoyed his liberty, and presently flew
upon the mantelpiece and screamed to his hearts content. The noise disrupted the cat, who was asleep on the hearthrug.
Looking upon the intruder, she said, Who may you be, and where do you come from? The parrot replied, Your master
has just bought me and brought me home. You impudent bird, said the cat, How dare you, a newcomer, make such a
noise? Why, I was born here and have lived here all my life, but, if ever I meow, they throw things at me and chase me all
over the house. Look, mistress, said the parrot, you just hold your tongue. My voice they enjoy; but yoursyours is a
perfect nuisance.

A Man once bought a Parrot and gave it the run of his house. It revelled in its liberty, and presently flew up on to the
mantelpiece and screamed away to its heart's content. The noise disturbed the Cat, who was asleep on the hearthrug.
Looking up at the intruder, she said, "Who may you be, and where have you come from?" The Parrot replied, "Your master
has just bought me and brought me home with him." "You impudent bird," said the Cat, "how dare you, a newcomer,
make a noise like that? Why, I was born here, and have lived here all my life, and yet, if I venture to mew, they throw
things at me and chase me all over the place." "Look here, mistress," said the Parrot, "you just hold your tongue. My voice
they delight in; but yoursyours is a perfect nuisance."

, () [not hide himself] ,


. [cave ; ] , .
, [fronting] , .

[fire]

THE STAG AND THE LION

A stag was chased by some hounds, and took refuge in a cave, where he hoped to be safe from his pursuers.
Unfortunately the cave contained a lion, to whom he fell an easy prey. Unhappy that I am, he cried, I was saved from the
power of the dogs only to be in the clasp of the lion.

Out of the frying pan and into the fire.

A Stag was chased by the hounds, and took refuge in a cave, where he hoped to be safe from his pursuers. Unfortunately
the cave contained a Lion, to whom he fell an easy prey. "Unhappy that I am," he cried, "I am saved from the power of the
dogs only to fall into the clutches of a Lion."

Out of the frying-pan into the fire

, , ,
. ,
. , ,
, , , [not keep vow]
, ,
1 . ,
, [not meet; come across] :
1 . [not price; ; 1
]

[not do]

THE IMPOSTOR

A certain man fell ill, and, in a very bad way, he made a vow that he would sacrifice a hundred oxen to the gods if they
restored him to health. Wishing to see how he would keep his vow, they caused him soon to recover. Now, he had not an
ox in the world, so he made one hundred little oxen out of wax and offered them to the altar, saying, Ye gods, I call you
to witness that I had been as good as my word. The gods determined to get even with him, so they sent him a dream, in
which he was bidden to go to the seashore and fetch one hundred crown that he was to find there. Hurrying in great
excitement to the seashore, he faced a throng of thieves, who caught and carried him off to sell him as a slave: and when
they sold him off he fetched one hundred crown.

Do not promise more than you can perform.

A certain man fell ill, and, being in a very bad way, he made a vow that he would sacrifice a hundred oxen to the gods if
they would grant him a return to health. Wishing to see how he would keep his vow, they caused him to recover in a
short time. Now, he hadn't an ox in the world, so he made a hundred little oxen out of tallow and offered them up on an
altar, at the same time saying, "Ye gods, I call you to witness that I have discharged my vow." The gods determined to be
even with him, so they sent him a dream, in which he was bidden to go to the sea-shore and fetch a hundred crowns
which he was to find there. Hastening in great excitement to the shore, he fell in with a band of robbers, who seized him
and carried him off to sell as a slave: and when they sold him a hundred crowns was the sum he fetched.

Do not promise more than you can perform.

, , . ,
. 3 , ; ,
, . , ,
. [not new] ,
. , , ? , ? ,
.


THE LION, THE FOX, AND THE ASS

A lion, a fox, and an ass went out hunting together. They soon got a good vomit, which the lion requested the ass to
divide among themselves. The ass divided all of it into three equal parts, and modestly asked the others to choose; at this
the lion, bursting into fury, sprang upon the ass and tore him to pieces. Then, glaring at the fox, he bade him to make a
fresh distribution. The fox gathered nearly all of it into one great heap as the lions share, leaving only the smallest bit for
himself. My friend, said the lion, how did you get the knack of it so well? The fox replied, Me? Ah, I learned a lesson
from the ass.

Happy is he who learns from the misfortune of others.

A Lion, a Fox, and an Ass went out hunting together. They had soon taken a large booty, which the Lion requested the
Ass to divide between them. [ ; among between] The Ass divided it all into three equal
parts, and modestly begged the others to take their choice; at which [; ; and then
] the Lion, bursting with fury, sprang upon the Ass and tore him to pieces. Then, glaring at the Fox, he bade him
make a fresh division. The Fox gathered almost the whole in one great heap for the Lion's share, leaving only the smallest
possible morsel for himself. "My dear friend," said the Lion, "how did you get the knack of it so well?" The Fox replied, "Me?
Oh, I took a lesson from the Ass."

Happy is he who learns from the misfortunes of others

, ,

, , .
; , ,
, ? , [not what on earth]
? ? ,
, . ,
, , , ?
? , , , , ; ,
[not despite], . [not immediately]
.

THE FOWLER, THE PARTRIDGE, AND THE COCK

One day, as a Fowler was sitting down to a scanty supper of herbs and bread, a friend dropped in unexpectedly. The larder
was empty; so he went out and caught a tame Partridge, which he kept as a decoy, and was about to wring her neck
when she cried, "Surely you won't kill me? Why, what will you do without me next time you go fowling? How will you get
the birds to come to your nets?" He let her go at this, and went to his hen-house, where he had a plump young Cock.
When the Cock saw what he was after, he too pleaded for his life, and said, "If you kill me, how will you know the time of
night? and who will wake you up in the morning when it is time to get to work?" The Fowler, however, replied, "You are
useful for telling the time, I know; but, for all that, I can't send my friend supperless to bed." And therewith he caught him
and wrung his neck

, : [not admit]
. ?
. : , . ,
, . ,
, , ,
, . , , , ,
. [not beat; win]

The Gnat and the Lion

A gnat once went up to a lion and said, Im not afraid of you at all: I even dont allow that you are my match in strength.
What does your strength amount to? You can scratch with your claws and you can bite with your teethjust like a
temperamental womanand nothing else at all. But I am stronger than you: if you cannot believe it, let us fight and see.
So saying, the gnat blew his horn, flew down and bit the lion on the nose. When the lion felt the sting, in a hurry to crush
him he scratched his nose a great deal, and made it bleed, but completely failed to harm the gnat, which buzzed away in
triumph, elated by his victory. Presently, however, it got entangled in a spider web, and got caught and eaten by the spider,
thus fell prey to an insignificant insect after having triumphed over King of the beasts.

A Gnat once went up to a Lion and said, "I am not in the least afraid of you: I don't even allow that you are a match for
me in strength. What does your strength amount to after all? [ ? ]
That you can scratch with your claws and bite with your teethjust like a woman in a temperand nothing more. But
I'm stronger than you: if you don't believe it, let us fight and see." So saying, the Gnat sounded his horn, and darted in
and bit the Lion on the nose. When the Lion felt the sting, in his haste to crush him he scratched his nose badly, and
made it bleed, but failed altogether to hurt the Gnat, which buzzed off in triumph, elated by its victory. Presently, however,
it got entangled in a spider's web, and was caught and eaten by the spider, thus falling a prey to an insignificant insect
after having triumphed over the King of the Beasts.

[not blizzard] ,
. ; , ,
; , , ,
. , ,
!

THE FARMER AND HIS DOGS

A farmer was snowed under in his farmstead in a severe storm, so he could not go out to get provisions for himself and
his family. So he at first killed his sheep for food; then, as the storm continued, he killed his goats; and, lastly, as the
weather showed no sign of improvement, he could not help but kill and eat his oxen. When his dogs saw various animals
killed and eaten in turn, they said to one another, We had better get out of here or we will be the next to go!

A Farmer was snowed up [=snowed in / be snowed under ] his farmstead


by a severe storm, and was unable to go out and procure provisions for himself and his family. So he first killed his
sheep and used them for food; then, as the storm still continued, he killed his goats; and, last of all, as the weather
showed no signs of improving, he was compelled to kill his oxen and eat them. When his Dogs saw the various animals
being killed and eaten in turn, they said to one another, "We had better get out of this or we shall be the next to go!

:
. ,
. , [not search] ,
, , ,
. , ,
.
. .
, .
, , .
.

, . [ ]

THE EAGLE AND THE FOX

An eagle and a fox became great friends and determined to live near to each other: they thought that the more they saw
each other the better friends they would be. So the eagle built a nest on the top of a high tree, while the fox settled in
the thistle at the foot of the tree and produced a litter of cubs. One day the fox went out to forage for food, and the
eagle, which also wanted food to feed her young, flew down to the thistle, captured the foxs cubs, and carried them off
on the tree as a meal for herself and her family. When the fox returned, and saw what had happened, she was not so
much sorry to lose her cubs as enraged for she was unable to spring upon the eagle to avenge her betrayal. So she sat
down not far and cursed her. But before long she had her revenge. Some villagers were sacrificing a goat to the nearby
altar, and the eagle flew down and snatched a burning piece of meat and carrying it to her nest. A strong wind was
blowing, and the nest caught fire, with the result that her fledglings fell half-roasted to the ground. Then the fox ran to the
spot and devoured them in full sight of the eagle.

An Eagle and a Fox became great friends and determined to live near one another: they thought that the more they saw
of each other the better friends they would be. So the Eagle built a nest at the top of a high tree, while the Fox settled in
a thicket at the foot of it and produced a litter of cubs. One day the Fox went out foraging for food, and the Eagle, who
also wanted food for her young, flew down into the thicket, caught up the Fox's cubs, and carried them up into the tree
for a meal for herself and her family. When the Fox came back, and found out what had happened, she was not so much
sorry for the loss of her cubs as furious because she couldn't get at the Eagle [... ] and pay her out for her
treachery. So she sat down not far off and cursed her. But it wasn't long before she had her revenge. Some villagers
happened to be sacrificing a goat on a neighbouring altar, and the Eagle flew down and carried off a piece of burning
flesh to her nest. There was a strong wind blowing, and the nest caught fire, with the result that her fledglings fell half-
roasted to the ground. Then the Fox ran to the spot and devoured them in full sight of the Eagle. [
, ]

False faith may escape human punishment, but cannot escape the divine

, , ,
[ ] ,
. , [not notice; ],
: ,
. , ,
, , .

THE BUTCHER AND HIS CUSTOMERS

Two men were buying meat at a butchers in the market, and, while the butchers back was turned, one of them stole a
joint and hurriedly thrust it under the others cloak, where it was not seen. When the butcher turned, he missed the meat
at once, and told them they had stolen it: but the one who had taken it said that he had not taken it, and the one who
had it said that he had not taken it. The butcher felt sure that they were deceiving him, but he just said, You may deceive
me with your lies, but not the gods, and they would not forgive you so easily.

Prevarication often amounts to perjury.


Two Men were buying meat at a Butcher's stall in the market-place, and, while the Butcher's back was turned for a
moment, one of them snatched up a joint and hastily thrust it under the other's cloak, where it could not be seen. When
the Butcher turned round, he missed the meat [ ] at once, and charged them
with having stolen it: but the one who had taken it said he hadn't got it, and the one who had got it said he hadn't taken
it. The Butcher felt sure they were deceiving him, but he only said, "You may cheat me with your lying, but you can't cheat
the gods, and they won't let you off so lightly."

Prevarication often amounts to perjury.

,
. , ; ,
, [ ]
. , . ,
, , ; [ ]: ,
, .

HERCULES AND MINERVA

Hercules was once traveling along a narrow road when he saw lying on the ground in front of him something like an
apple, and while he was passing he stamped on it with his heel. To his astonishment, instead of being crushed it doubled
in size; and, in attacking it again and beating it with his club, it swelled into an enormous size and blocked the whole way.
At this he dropped his club, and stood looking at it in amazement. Just then Minerva appeared, and said to him, Leave it,
my friend; that which you see in front of you is an apple of discord: if you do not meddle with it, it remains small as it was
at first, but if you resort to violence it swells into the thing you see it is.

Hercules was once [ ] travelling along a narrow road when he saw lying on the ground in front of him
what appeared to be an apple, [what apple ] and as he passed he stamped upon it with
his heel. To his astonishment, instead of being crushed it doubled in size; and, on his attacking it again and smiting it with
his club, it swelled up to an enormous size and blocked up the whole road. Upon this [=upon seeing this ]
he dropped his club, and stood looking at it in amazement. Just then Minerva appeared, and said to him, "Leave it alone,
my friend; that which you see before you is the apple of discord: if you do not meddle with it, it remains small as it was at
first, but if you resort to violence it swells into the thing you see."

,
, . ,
, ;
. : .
, [not killed] .

THE FOX WHO SERVED A LION

A lion bade a fox attend to him, and whenever they went hunting the fox found a prey and the lion sprang upon it and
killed it, and then they divided it between the in certain proportions. But the lion always got a very big share, while the
fox got a very small one, and the latter did not like this at all; so he determined to set up on his own. He began by trying
to steal a lamb from a flock of sheep: but the shepherd saw him and set his dogs upon him. The hunter now became the
hunted, and was soon captured and slaughtered by the dogs.

Better the servitude with safety than the freedom with danger.

A Lion had a Fox to attend [had a fox attend; have ; ; ] on


him, and whenever they went hunting the Fox found the prey and the Lion fell upon it and killed it, and then they divided
it between them in certain proportions. But the Lion always got a very large share, and the Fox a very small one, which
didn't please the latter at all; so he determined to set up on his own account. He began by trying to steal a lamb from a
flock of sheep: but the shepherd saw him and set his dogs on him. The hunter was now the hunted, and was very soon
caught and despatched = dispatched by the dogs.

Better servitude with safety than freedom with danger.


. , , ,
, .
, , :
24 , , . () , ,
; [not home],
. . , , ?
, [not sure; ]. , ?
, , , . ,
, ,
, . ,
[not then] , .

THE QUACK DOCTOR

A man fell ill and took to bed. He consulted a number of doctors from time to time, and all of them, with the exception of
one, said to him that his life was not in immediate danger, but his illness would probably last for a considerable time. The
one with a different view on his illness, who was also the last to be consulted, bade him to prepare for the worst: You
have not 24 hours to live, he said, and I fear that there is nothing I can do. As it turned out, however, he was totally
wrong; for a few days later the sick man left the bed and took a walk abroad, as pale as a ghost. During his walk he met
the doctor who had prophesied his death. Oh me, said the latter, How do you do? You have just come from the other
world, no doubt. Say, how are our past friends getting along there? Most comfortably, said the other, For they have
drunk the water of oblivion, and have forgotten all troubles of life. By the way, just before I departed, the authorities were
taking measures to prosecute all the doctors, for they do not let patients die in the course of nature, but use their arts to
keep them alive. They were going to charge you among the rest, until I assured them that you were not a doctor, but
merely an impostor.

A certain man fell sick and took to his bed. He consulted a number of doctors from time to time, and they all, with one
exception, told him that his life was in no immediate danger, but that his illness would probably last a considerable time.
The one who took a different view of his case, who was also the last to be consulted, bade him prepare for the worst: "You
have not twenty-four hours to live," said he, "and I fear I can do nothing." As it turned out, however, he was quite wrong;
for at the end of a few days the sick man quitted his bed [take to his bed ;
] and took a walk abroad, looking, it is true, as pale as a ghost. In the course of his walk he met the Doctor who
had prophesied his death. "Dear me," said the latter, "how do you do? You are fresh from the other world, no doubt. Pray,
how are our departed friends getting on there?" "Most comfortably," replied the other, "for they have drunk the water of
oblivion, and have forgotten all the troubles of life. By the way, just before I left, the authorities were making arrangements
to prosecute all the doctors, because they won't let sick men die in the course of nature, but use their arts to keep them
alive. They were going to charge you along with the rest, till I assured them that you were no doctor, but a mere
impostor."

, , ,
. , ,
, , , ,
, . .
, , ,
, ,
. [] ? . , , ,
: .
, ;
, . [ ]

THE LION, THE WOLF, AND THE FOX

A lion, infirm with age, lay sick in his den, and all the beasts in the forest came to inquire after his health except for the
fox. The wolf thought that this was a good opportunity to get even with the fox, so he turned the lions attention to his
absence, saying, You see, sire, we are all here to see how you are with the exception of the fox, who has not come near
you, and doesnt care whether you are well or ill. Just then the fox came in and heard the last words of the wolf. The lion
roared at him in deep displeasure, but he begged to be allowed to explain his absence, and said, None of them cares
about you as much as I, sire, for I have always been going round to doctors and trying to find a cure for your illness.
Then may I ask if you have found one? said the lion. I have, sire, said the fox, And it is this: you must flay a wolf and
wrap yourself in his skin while it is still warm. The lion accordingly turned to the wolf and beat him to death with one
blow of his paw, in order to try the foxs prescription; but the fox laughed and said to himself, That is what comes of
stirring up ill-will.

A Lion, infirm with age, lay sick in his den, and all the beasts of the forest came to inquire after his health with the
exception of the Fox. The Wolf thought this was a good opportunity for paying off old scores [=even the scores
; internal accounting] against the Fox, so he called the attention of the Lion
to his absence, and said, "You see, sire, that we have all come to see how you are except the Fox, who hasn't come near
you, and doesn't care whether you are well or ill." Just then the Fox came in and heard the last words of the Wolf. The
Lion roared at him in deep displeasure, but he begged to be allowed to explain his absence, and said, "Not one of them
cares for you so much as I, sire, for all the time I have been going round to the doctors and trying to find a cure for your
illness." "And may I ask if you have found one?" said the Lion. "I have, sire," said the Fox, "and it is this: you must flay a
Wolf and wrap yourself in his skin while it is still warm." The Lion accordingly turned to the Wolf and struck him dead
[=struck him to death; dead = ] with one blow of his paw, in order to try the Fox's
prescription; but the Fox laughed and said to himself, "That's what comes of stirring up ill-will

,
, . , ,
. [his action ; ] , ,
, . , , ,
.
. [not witness; with ]

HERCULES AND PLUTUS

When Hercules was received among the gods and was entertained at a banquet by Jupiter, he responded courteously to
the greetings of all with the exception of Plutus, the god of wealth. When Plutus approached him, he cast his eyes upon
the ground, and turned away and pretended not to see him. Jupiter was surprised at this conduct on his part, and asked
why, after having been so cordial with all the other gods, he had behaved like that to Plutus. "Sire," said Hercules, "I do
not like Plutus, and I will tell you why. When we were on earth together I always noticed that he was to be found in the
company of scoundrels.

, . ,
; [s ] ; . ,
, . [ ]

THE FOX AND THE LEOPARD

A fox and a leopard were having a debate over their appearance, each claiming that he is more handsome. The leopard
said, Look at my smart coat; you have nothing to match it. But the fox replied, Your coat may be smart, but my wits are
much smarter.

A Fox and a Leopard were disputing about their looks, and each claimed to be the more handsome of the two. The
Leopard said, "Look at my smart coat; you have nothing to match that." But the Fox replied, "Your coat may be smart, but
my wits are smarter still."

, , [] [rapid ; ]
, , ,
[ ]. ,
, .
, ; , , , , [not
never; ],
; , , ,
.

THE FOX AND THE HEDGEHOG

A fox, in swimming across a rapid river, got carried away by the current and swept a long distance downstream in spite of
his struggle, until at last, bruised and exhausted, he managed to crawl upon the dry ground from the backwater. As he lay
there motionless, a swarm of horseflies settled on him and sucked his blood undisturbed, for he was too weak to shake
them off. A hedgehog saw him, and asked if he should sweep the flies which were troubling him; but the fox said, Oh,
please, no, by no means, for these flies had their fill and take little from me now; but, when you drive them away, another
swarm of hungry ones will come and suck all the blood left of me, and leave me without a drop in my veins.

A Fox, in swimming across a rapid river, was swept away by the current and carried a long way downstream in spite of his
struggles, until at last, bruised and exhausted, he managed to scramble on to dry ground from a backwater. As he lay
there unable to move, a swarm of horseflies settled on him and sucked his blood undisturbed, for he was too weak even
to shake them off. A Hedgehog saw him, and asked if he should brush away the flies that were tormenting him; but the
Fox replied, "Oh, please, no, not on any account, for these flies have sucked their fill and are taking very little from me
now; but, if you drive them off, another swarm of hungry ones will come and suck all the blood I have left, and leave me
without a drop in my veins.

, ,
. ; , ,
, .
, ; [not then]
, [not find], , , , ,
.

A crow was very jealous of a raven, because the latter was regarded by men as the bird of omen which foretold the future,
and accordingly was held in great respect by them. She was very anxious to get the same sort of reputation herself; and,
one day, seeing a number of travelers approaching, she flew upon a branch of a tree by the road and cowed as loudly as
she could. The travelers was rather nervous at the sound, for they were afraid that it might be a bad omen; until one of
them, noticing the crow, said to his companions, Its all right, my friends, we may go on without fear, for it is just a crow
and has no meaning.

Those who pretend to be what they are not only make themselves ridiculous.

THE CROW AND THE RAVEN

A Crow became very jealous of a Raven, because the latter was regarded by men as a bird of omen which foretold the
future, and was accordingly held in great respect by them. She was very anxious to get the same sort of reputation herself;
and, one day, seeing some travellers approaching, she flew on to a branch of a tree at the roadside and cawed as loud as
she could. The travellers were in some dismay at the sound, for they feared it might be a bad omen; till one of them,
spying the Crow, said to his companions, "It's all right, my friends, we can go on without fear, for it's only a crow and that
means nothing."

Those who pretend to be something they are not only make themselves ridiculous

[not magic] , []
; , .
, .
: ,
. , , ?

THE WITCH

A witch professed to be able to avert the anger of god by means of spells, the secret of which only she had; and she
drove a prosperous trade, by which she made a rich livelihood. But some people accused her of black magic and took her
before the judges, and demanded that she should be condemned to death for dealings with devils. She was found guilty
and sentenced to death: one of the judges said to her as she left the seat, You said that you could avert the anger of
gods. How comes it, then, that you failed to ease the enmity of men?

A Witch professed to be able to avert the anger of the gods by means of charms, of which she alone possessed the secret;
and she drove a brisk trade, and made a fat livelihood out of it. But certain persons accused her of black magic and
carried her before the judges, and demanded that she should be put to death for dealings with the Devil. She was found
guilty and condemned to death: and one of the judges said to her as she was leaving the dock, "You say you can avert
the anger of the gods. How comes it, then, that you have failed to disarm the enmity of men?"

[not forest] . ,
[not exhausted] . ,
. , ,
. ,
, , ,
.

THE OLD MAN AND DEATH

An old man cut a bundle of firewood in a wood and began to carry them home. He had a long way to go, and was tired
out when he was less than half-way. Throwing his burden on the ground, he called out death to come and release him
from his life of toil. Hardly had the words come out of his mouth, much to his dismay, when death stood before him and
proclaimed to be ready to serve him. He almost lost his wits with horror, but he had just enough mind to stammer out,
My dear sir, if you are so kind, pray help me up again with my burden.

An Old Man cut himself a bundle of faggots in a wood and started to carry them home. He had a long way to go, and
was tired out before he had got much more than half-way. Casting his burden on the ground, he called upon Death to
come and release him from his life of toil. The words were scarcely out of his mouth when, much to his dismay, Death
stood before him and professed his readiness to serve him. He was almost frightened out of his wits, but he had enough
presence of mind to stammer out, "Good sir, if you'd be so kind, pray help me up with my burden again."

, , .
, /
. [ ] ,
. , .
, , ,
. , .
; , , ; ,
: ,
.

The Miser
A miser sold everything he had, and melted his hoard of gold into a single lump, which he buried in the field secretly.
Every day he went to look at it, and sometimes he used to spend a long time gloating over his treasure. One of his men
noticed his frequent visits to the spot, and one day watched him and found out his secret. Waiting his opportunity, he
went one night and dug out the gold and stole it. Next day the miser visited the place as usual, and, missing his treasure,
collapsed tearing his hair off and groaning over his loss. In this state he was seen by one of his neighbors, who asked him
what was his trouble. The miser told him his misfortune; but the other replied, Dont take it too much to heart, my friend;
put a brick into the hole, and look at it every day: you will not be any worse off, for even when you had your gold it was
of no real use to you.

A Miser sold everything he had, and melted down his hoard of gold into a single lump, which he buried secretly in a
field. Every day he went to look at it, and would sometimes spend long hours gloating over his treasure. One of his men
noticed his frequent visits to the spot, and one day watched him and discovered his secret. Waiting his opportunity, he
went one night and dug up the gold and stole it. Next day the Miser visited the place as usual, and, finding his treasure
gone, fell to tearing [ ; ] his hair and groaning over his loss. In this condition he
was seen by one of his neighbours, who asked him what his trouble was. The Miser told him of his misfortune; but the
other replied, "Don't take it so much to heart, my friend; put a brick into the hole, and take a look at it every day: you
won't be any worse off than before, for even when you had your gold it was of no earthly use to you."

;
, . ,
, , , ! , !
. ,
! . ,
: , .
.
THE FOXES AND THE RIVER

A number of Foxes assembled on the bank of a river and wanted to drink; but the current was so strong and the water
looked so deep and dangerous that they didn't dare to do so, but stood near the edge encouraging one another not to
be afraid. At last one of them, to shame the rest, and show how brave he was, said, "I am not a bit frightened! See, I'll
step right into the water!" He had no sooner done so than the current swept him off his feet. When the others saw him
being carried down-stream they cried, "Don't go and leave us! Come back and show us where we too can drink with
safety." But he replied, "I'm afraid I can't yet: I want to go to the seaside, and this current will take me there nicely. When I
come back I'll show you with pleasure.

- . ,
,
. , = ,
. , , ;
. , [not
meadow] : ,

THE HORSE AND THE STAG

There was once a horse who used to graze in a meadow which he had all to himself. But one day a stag went into the
meadow, and said that he also had as much right to feed there as the horse, and moreover he chose all the good places
for himself. The horse, wishing to revenge on his unwelcome guest, went and asked a man if he could help him turn the
stag out. Yes, said the man, I will by all means; but I can only do so if you let me put bridles in your mouth and ride
upon your back. The horse agreed to this, and both together soon turned the stag out of the pasture: but when it was
done, the horse found to his dismay that he had made the man his master for good.

There was once a Horse who used to graze in a meadow which he had all to himself. But one day a Stag came into the
meadow, and said he had as good a right to feed there as the Horse, and moreover chose all the best places for himself.
The Horse, wishing to be revenged upon his unwelcome visitor, went to a man and asked if he would help him to turn
out the Stag. "Yes," said the man, "I will by all means; but I can only do so if you let me put a bridle in your mouth and
mount on your back." The Horse agreed to this, and the two together very soon turned the Stag out of the pasture: but
when that was done, the Horse found to his dismay that in the man he had got a master for good [
; ]


. , ,
, , !
. , , , , , ,
.

THE FOX AND THE BRAMBLE

Making his way through the hedge a fox missed his step and caught at a bramble to avoid falling. Naturally, he got badly
scratched, and in disgust he cried to the bramble, It was your help that I wanted, and see how you treated me! I would
sooner have fallen. The bramble, interfering with his words, replied, You must have lost your wits, my friends, catching at
me, while I myself always catch at others.

In making his way through a hedge a Fox missed his footing and caught at a Bramble [ bramble
; A drowning man will catch at a straw ] to save himself
from falling. Naturally, he got badly scratched, and in disgust he cried to the Bramble, "It was your help I wanted, and see
how you have treated me! I'd sooner have fallen outright." The Bramble, interrupting him, replied, "You must have lost
your wits, my friend, to catch at me, who am myself always catching at others.

, , , ,
[ ] .
, , ! !

THE FOX AND THE SNAKE

A snake, swimming across the river, got swept off by the current, but it managed to wriggle onto a bundle of thorns which
were floating by, and thus was carried away rapidly downstream. A fox on the bank caught sight of it revolving away, and
cried, Gad! The passenger fits the ship!

A Snake, in crossing a river, was carried away by the current, but managed to wriggle on to a bundle of thorns which was
floating by, and was thus carried at a great rate down-stream. A Fox caught sight of it from the bank as it went whirling
along, and called out, "Gad! the passenger fits the ship!"

, .
, ,
. ,
. ,
.

. , , [not think; it] .
,
.

THE MAN WHO LOST HIS SPADE

A man was engaged in digging in his vineyard, when one day coming to work he missed his spade. Thinking that it had
been stolen by one of his laborers, he questioned them closely, but they one and all denied any knowledge of it. He was
not convinced by their denials, and insisted that they all should go to the town and take an oath in the temple that they
were not guilty of theft. This was because he had no high opinion of the simple country gods, but thought that the thief
could not get away from the eyes of the keener gods in the town. When they got inside the gates first they heard the
town crier proclaiming to reward for information about the thief who had stolen something in the town temple. Well, said
the man to himself, It strikes me that I had better go back home. If the gods in this city could not detect the thieves who
had stolen in their own temple, it is more than unlikely that they could tell me who had stolen my spade.

A Man was engaged in digging over his vineyard, and one day on coming to work he missed his Spade. Thinking it may
have been stolen by one of his labourers, he questioned them closely, but they one and all denied any knowledge of it. He
was not convinced by their denials, and insisted that they should all go to the town and take oath in a temple that they
were not guilty of the theft. This was because he had no great opinion of the simple country deities, but thought that the
thief would not pass undetected by the shrewder gods of the town. When they got inside the gates the first thing they
heard was the town crier proclaiming a reward for information about a thief who had stolen something from the city
temple. "Well," said the Man to himself, "it strikes me I had better go back home again. If these town gods can't detect the
thieves who steal from their own temples, it's scarcely likely they can tell me who stole my Spade."

,
, ,
. , , . ,
.

THE PARTRIDGE AND THE FOWLER

A fowler caught a partridge in his nets, and he was about to wring its neck when it made a pathetic appeal to him to
spare his life saying, Do not kill me, but save me and I will repay your kindness by tempting other partridges into your
nets. No, said the fowler, I wont save you. I was going to kill you anyhow, and after the treacherous speech you perfectly
deserve your fate.

A Fowler caught a Partridge in his nets, and was just about to wring its neck when it made a piteous appeal to him to
spare its life and said, "Do not kill me, but let me live and I will repay you for your kindness by decoying other partridges
into your nets." "No," said the Fowler, "I will not spare you. I was going to kill you anyhow, and after that treacherous
speech you thoroughly deserve your fate."

, , . , [not and]
. , , [hope
] , . , , ,
!

THE RUNAWAY SLAVE

A slave, discontented with his lot, ran away from his master. He was presently missed by the latter, who lost no time in
mounting his horse and set out to pursue the runaway. He soon caught up with him, and the slave, in the hope of avoid
capture, slipped into a treadmill and hid himself there. Aha, said the master, that is just where you ought to be, my man!

A Slave, being discontented with his lot, ran away from his master. He was soon missed by the latter, who lost no time in
mounting his horse and setting out in pursuit of the fugitive. He presently came up with him, [=caught up with] and the
Slave, in the hope of avoiding capture, slipped into a treadmill and hid himself there. "Aha," said his master, "that's the
very place for you, my man!

, [not footprint] ,
, ,
. , , [not follow; ] .
, , , , ,
.
THE HUNTER AND THE WOODMAN

A hunter was looking in the forest for a lions tracks, and, presently catching sight of a woodman engaged in felling a tree,
he went up to him and asked him whether he had seen a lions footprints nearby, or whether he knew where his den was.
The woodman replied, If you will come with me, I will show you a lion myself. The hunter turned pale with fear, and his
teeth chattered as he replied, Oh, Im not looking for a lion, thanks, but only his tracks.

A Hunter was searching in the forest for the tracks of a lion, and, catching sight presently of a Woodman engaged in
felling a tree, he went up to him and asked him if he had noticed a lion's footprints anywhere about, or if he knew where
his den was. The Woodman answered, "If you will come with me, I will show you the lion himself." The Hunter turned pale
with fear, and his teeth chattered as he replied, "Oh, I'm not looking for the lion, thanks, but only for his tracks.

.
; .
, , ,
. . ,
, ,
.

; .

THE SERPENT AND THE EAGLE

An eagle swooped down upon a snake and seized it in his talons to carry it off and devour it. But the snake was too quick
for him and it wrapped its coils around itself in a moment; and there ensued a life-and-death struggle between them. A
countryman, who was a witness of the encounter, came to the assistance of the eagle, and succeeded in rescuing him
from the snake and enabling him to escape. In revenge the snake spat some of his poison into his drink horn. Heated with
exertion, the man was about to quench his thirst with a swallow from the horn, when the eagle knocked it off his hand,
and spilled its contents on the ground.

One good turn deserves another.

An Eagle swooped down upon a Serpent and seized it in his talons with the intention of carrying it off and devouring it.
But the Serpent was too quick for him and had its coils round him in a moment; and then there ensued a life-and-death
struggle between the two. A countryman, who was a witness of the encounter, came to the assistance of the Eagle, and
succeeded in freeing him from the Serpent and enabling him to escape. In revenge the Serpent spat some of his poison
into the man's drinking-horn. Heated with his exertions, the man was about to slake his thirst with a draught from the
horn, when the Eagle knocked it out of his hand, and spilled its contents upon the ground.

One good turn deserves another


. , ,
. , :
, . ,
: , .

THE ROGUE AND THE ORACLE

A rogue laid a wager that he would prove that the oracle of the Delphi was not trustworthy by inducing a wrong answer
to his question from it. So he went to the temple on the appointed day with a little bird in his hand, which he hid in the
folds of his cloak, and asked whether the thing which he held in his hand was alive or dead. If the oracle said dead, he
was going to show it alive: if the answer was alive, he intended to wring its neck and show it to be dead. But the oracle
was way too much for him, for the answer he heard was this: Stranger, whether that which you hold in your hand is alive
or dead depends entirely on your own will.

A Rogue laid a wager that he would prove the Oracle at Delphi to be untrustworthy by procuring from it a false reply
to an inquiry by himself. So he went to the temple on the appointed day with a small bird in his hand, which he concealed
under the folds of his cloak, [: ; : ] and asked whether what he held in his hand
were alive or dead. If the Oracle said "dead," he meant to produce [ , ] the
bird alive: if the reply was "alive," he intended to wring its neck and show it to be dead. But the Oracle was one too many
for him, [ ; ] for the answer he got was this: "Stranger, whether the thing that you hold in
your hand be alive or dead is a matter that depends entirely on your own will."

, , . [not wide road]


,
. , .
, . , , ,
, ! , , !
?
THE HORSE AND THE ASS

A horse, proud of his fine harness, met an ass in a high-road. As the ass with his heavy burden moved slowly aside for him
to pass, the horse cried impatiently that he could hardly resist kicking him to make him move faster. The ass kept his
peace / calm, but did not forget the others impudence. Not long afterwards the horse got broken-winded, and was sold
by the owner to a farmer. One day, when he was driving a dung-cart, he met the ass again, who derided him in turn
saying, Aha! You never thought that you would come to this, did you, you who were so proud! Where are all your brilliant
bracelets now?

A Horse, proud of his fine harness, met an Ass on the high-road. As the Ass with his heavy burden moved slowly out of
the way to let him pass, the Horse cried out impatiently that he could hardly resist kicking him to make him move faster.
The Ass held his peace, but did not forget the other's insolence. Not long afterwards the Horse became broken-winded,
and was sold by his owner to a farmer. One day, as he was drawing a dung-cart, he met the Ass again, who in turn
derided him and said, "Aha! you never thought to come to this, did you, you who were so proud! Where are all your gay
trappings now?"

, [] ,
, [] . , , , :
, . ,
, : .

THE DOG CHASING A WOLF

A dog was chasing a wolf, and as he ran he thought what a fine fellow he was, and what strong legs he had, and how fast
they covered the ground. Now, theres this wolf, he said to himself, What a poor fellow he is: hes no match for me, and
as he knows it too he is running away. But the wolf turned just then and said, Dont you imagine that I am running away
from you, my friend: its your master that Im afraid of.

A Dog was chasing a Wolf, and as he ran he thought what a fine fellow he was, and what strong legs he had, and how
quickly they covered the ground. "Now, there's this Wolf," he said to himself, "what a poor creature he is: he's no match for
me, and he knows it and so he runs away." But the Wolf looked round just then and said, "Don't you imagine I'm running
away from you, my friend: it's your master I'm afraid of." [its Your master Im afraid of;
fronting]


, :
, [not share] . ,
. ,
. [; ] .
, . [] , ,
; [ ] , ,
.

GRIEF AND HIS DUE

When Jupiter was endowing the various gods with their privileges, it happened that Grief was not present with the rest:
but after all were given their share, he too came in and claimed his share? Jupiter was at a loss what to do, for there was
nothing left for him. However, at last he decided that to him should belong tears which are shed for the dead. So Grief is
the same with the other gods. The more men devote his share to him, the more lavish he is with what he should bestow.
It is not good, therefore, to mourn a long time for the deceased; else Grief, whose only delight is in such mourning, will be
quick to send a fresh cause for tears.

When Jupiter was assigning the various gods their privileges, it so happened that Grief was not present with the rest:
but when all had received their share, he too entered and claimed his due. Jupiter was at a loss to know what to do, for
there was nothing left for him. However, at last he decided that to him should belong the tears that are shed for the dead.
Thus it is the same with Grief as it is with the other gods. The more devoutly men render to him his due, the more lavish
is he of that which he has to bestow. It is not well, therefore, to mourn long for the departed; else Grief, whose sole
pleasure is in such mourning, will be quick to send fresh cause for tears

, .
.
: 1

THE HAWK, THE KITE, AND THE PIGEONS

The pigeons in a certain dovecote were persecuted by a kite, who every now and then swooped down and carried one of
them off. So they invited a hawk into the dovecote to protect them from their enemy. But they presently repented of their
folly: for the hawk killed more of them in one day than did the kite in one year.

The Pigeons in a certain dovecote were persecuted by a Kite, who every now and then swooped down and carried off one
of their number. So they invited a Hawk into the dovecote to defend them against their enemy. But they soon repented of
their folly: for the Hawk killed more of them in a day than the Kite had done in a year.

, , . ,
,
: , .
; , , ,
. , , . .
, , ?
, , . , :
. , . , [no
; ], . ,
, , ? , , .

THE WOMAN AND THE FARMER

A woman, having recently lost her husband, used to go every day to his tomb and lament her loss. A farmer, engaged in
plowing not far from the spot, set eyes upon her and desired to have her as his wife: so he left his plow and came and sat
by her, and began to shed tears himself. She asked him why he wept; then he replied, I have just lost my wife, who had
been so nice to me, so tears ease my grief. And I, she said, have lost my husband. Thus for a while they mourned in
silence. Then he said, As you and I are in a similar situation, wouldnt it be good if we get married and live together? I
take the place of your late husband, and you, the place of my late wife. She agreed to the plan, as it seemed indeed
reasonable enough: and they dried their tears. Meanwhile, a thief came and stole the oxen that the farmer had left with
his plow. On noticing the theft, he beat his chest and loudly lamented his loss. When the woman heard his cries, she came
up and said, Why, are you still crying? To which he replied, Yes, and I mean it this time.

A Woman, who had lately lost her husband, used to go every day to his grave and lament her loss. A Farmer, who was
engaged in ploughing not far from the spot, set eyes upon the Woman and desired to have her for his wife: so he left
his plough and came and sat by her side, and began to shed tears himself. She asked him why he wept; and he replied, "I
have lately lost my wife, who was very dear to me, and tears ease my grief." "And I," said she, "have lost my husband."
And so for a while they mourned in silence. Then he said, "Since you and I are in like case, shall we not do well to marry
and live together? I shall take the place of your dead husband, and you, that of my dead wife." The Woman consented to
the plan, which indeed seemed reasonable enough: and they dried their tears. Meanwhile, a thief had come and stolen the
oxen which the Farmer had left with his plough. On discovering the theft, he beat his breast and loudly bewailed his loss.
When the Woman heard his cries, she came and said, "Why, are you weeping still?" To which he replied, "Yes, and I mean
it this time."

, . , ,
, , ,
. ,
.

Jupiter; Zeus =

.
.

PROMETHEUS AND THE MAKING OF MAN

Under the order of Jupiter, Prometheus set about the creation of man and other beasts. Jupiter, seeing that mankind, the
only rational creature, was far outnumbered by irrational beasts, bade him rebalance by turning some of the latter into
men. Prometheus did as he was told, and thus some men have forms of man but souls of beast.

At the bidding of Jupiter, Prometheus set about the creation of Man and the other animals. Jupiter, seeing that Mankind,
the only rational creatures, were far outnumbered by the irrational beasts, bade him redress the balance by turning some
of the latter into men. Prometheus did as he was bidden, and this is [the reason] why some people have the forms of
men but the souls of beasts

. , , ,
, . , ,
. , .
, .

THE SWALLOW AND THE CROW

A swallow was once boasting to a crow about her birth. I was once a princess, she said, the daughter of a king in Athens,
but my husband abused me, and cut off my tongue for a slight wrong. Then, to protect me against further injury, I was
turned by Juno into a bird. You chatter so well enough now, said the crow. What you would have been if you had not
lost your tongue, I cant think.
A Swallow was once boasting to a Crow about her birth. "I was once a princess," said she, "the daughter of a King of
Athens, but my husband used me cruelly, = [abused me] and cut out my tongue for a slight fault. Then, to protect me
from further injury, I was turned by Juno into a bird." "You chatter quite enough as it is," said the Crow. "What you would
have been like if you hadn't lost your tongue, I can't think."

, ,
, , [not hunt] , ,
. ;
. [ ] ;
, , , ,
, , , , : .

THE HUNTER AND THE HORSEMAN

A Hunter went out after game, and succeeded in catching a hare, which he was carrying home with him when he met a
man on horseback, who said to him, "You have had some sport I see, sir," and offered to buy it. The Hunter readily agreed;
but the Horseman had no sooner got the hare in his hands than he set spurs to his horse and went off at full gallop. The
Hunter ran after him for some little distance; but it soon dawned upon him that he had been tricked, and he gave up
trying to overtake the Horseman, and, to save his face, called after him as loud as he could, "All right, sir, all right, take
your hare: it was meant all along as a present."

[]
. .
: , .
,
; ,
. , ;
. ,
. ! , ! ,
, , , , ;
. , ,
, .
THE GOATHERD AND THE WILD GOATS

A Goatherd was tending his goats out at pasture when he saw a number of Wild Goats approach and mingle with his flock.
At the end of the day he drove them home and put them all into the pen together. Next day the weather was so bad that
he could not take them out as usual: so he kept them at home in the pen, and fed them there. He only gave his own
goats enough food to keep them from starving, but he gave the Wild Goats as much as they could eat and more; for he
was very anxious for them to stay, and he thought that if he fed them well they wouldn't want to leave him. When the
weather improved, he took them all out to pasture again; but no sooner had they got near the hills than the Wild Goats
broke away from the flock and scampered off. The Goatherd was very much disgusted at this, and roundly abused them
for their ingratitude. "Rascals!" he cried, "to run away like that after the way I've treated you!" Hearing this, one of them
turned round and said, "Oh, yes, you treated us all righttoo well, in fact; it was just that that put us on our guard. If you
treat newcomers like ourselves so much better than your own flock, it's more than likely that, if another lot of strange
goats joined yours, we should then be neglected in favour of the last comers.

, , [ ]
, , , .
, , , : [there was a time ]:
, [make]
. []

[] .

THE NIGHTINGALE AND THE SWALLOW

A Swallow, conversing with a Nightingale, advised her to quit the leafy coverts where she made her home, and to come
and live with men, like herself, and nest under the shelter of their roofs. But the Nightingale replied, "Time was when I too,
like yourself, lived among men: but the memory of the cruel wrongs I then suffered makes them hateful to me, and never
again will I approach their dwellings."

The scene of past sufferings revives painful memories

, , .
, , . , ,
, [not please] , , [if ] , ,
.

THE TRAVELLER AND FORTUNE

A traveler, exhausted with tiredness after a long journey, fell on the very brink of a deep well and presently fell asleep. Just
before he fell, Fortune appeared to him and touched him on the shoulder, warning him to keep farther off. Wake up, sir,
pray, she said, Had you fallen into the well, the blame would have been put on your own folly, but on me, Fortune.

A Traveller, exhausted with fatigue after a long journey, sank down at the very brink of a deep well and presently fell
asleep. He was within an ace of falling in, when Dame Fortune appeared to him and touched him on the shoulder,
cautioning him to move further away. "Wake up, good sir, I pray you," she said; "had you fallen into the well, the blame
would have been thrown not on your own folly but on me, Fortune."

[ ; ] , .
, [not inquire after] , ,
, [I want you to ] : . [want to ]
, , . , : ,
, .
. ; , ,
. , , .
, , ,
. [not disappointed], , ,
, .
. , , ;
[fronting] , .
, , ? ,
[yourself], . [not kill] . ,
; ? ,
. ,
,
. , .
, , ,
. , , , , [] .
, : , , ,
: . [brain ]

THE LION, THE FOX, AND THE STAG

A lion lay sick in his den, unable to provide himself with food. So he said to his friend fox, who had come to ask how he
did, My dear friend, I would like you to go to the forest over there and persuade the big stag to come to my den: I could
use the stags heart and brains for dinner. The fox went to the woods and found the stag and said to him, Sir, you are in
luck. You know the lion, our king: well, he is at the point of death, and he has appointed you as his successor to rule over
the beasts. I hope that you will not forget that I was the first to tell you the good news. And now I must be going back to
him; and, if you take my advice, you too will come and be with him eventually. The stag got so flattered, and followed the
fox into the lions den, suspecting nothing. No sooner had he got in than the lion sprang upon him, but he misjudged his
spring, and the stag escaped with only his ears torn, and returned as fast as he could to the shelter in the woods. The fox
was so dismayed, and the lion, too, was disappointed to death, for he was getting very hungry in spite of his illness. So he
begged the fox to try once again to induce the stag into his den. It will be almost impossible this time, said the fox, but
Ill try; then off he went to the woods a second time, and found the stag resting and trying to recover from his fear. On
seeing the fox he cried, You scoundrel, what makes you try to seduce me to my death like that? Take yourself off, or I will
do you death with my horns. But the fox got such a nerve. What a coward you were, he said; Of course you didnt think
that the lion had any intention of harming? Why, he was just going to whisper some royal secrets into your ear when you
ran away like a scared hare. You disgusted him, and Im not sure if he would make the wolf king instead, unless you come
back at once and show that you have some spirit. I promise you he will not hurt you, and I will be your faithful servant.
The stag was foolish enough to be persuaded to go back, and this time the lion made no mistake, and overpowered him,
and at once made a royal feast with his carcass. The fox, meanwhile, watched his opportunity, and while the lion was not
looking, stole the brains to reward himself for his trouble. Presently the lion began to search for them, of course without
success: and the fox, watching him, said, I think it is no use your looking for the brains: the one who got into the lions
den twice is not likely to have any.

A Lion lay sick in his den, unable to provide himself with food. So he said to his friend the Fox, who came to ask how he
did, "My good friend, I wish you would go to yonder wood and beguile the big Stag, who lives there, to come to my den:
I have a fancy to make my dinner off a stag's heart and brains." The Fox went to the wood and found the Stag and said
to him, "My dear sir, you're in luck. You know the Lion, our King: well, he's at the point of death, and has appointed you
his successor to rule over the beasts. I hope you won't forget that I was the first to bring you the good news. And now I
must be going back to him; and, if you take my advice, you'll come too and be with him at the last." The Stag was highly
flattered, and followed the Fox to the Lion's den, suspecting nothing. No sooner had he got inside than the Lion sprang
upon him, but he misjudged his spring, and the Stag got away with only his ears torn, and returned as fast as he could to
the shelter of the wood. The Fox was much mortified, and the Lion, too, was dreadfully disappointed, for he was getting
very hungry in spite of his illness. So he begged the Fox to have another try at coaxing the Stag to his den. "It'll be
almost impossible this time," said the Fox, "but I'll try"; and off he went to the wood a second time, and found the Stag
resting and trying to recover from his fright. As soon as he saw the Fox he cried, "You scoundrel, what do you mean by
trying to lure me to my death like that? Take yourself off, or I'll do you to death with my horns." But the Fox was entirely
shameless. "What a coward you were," said he; "surely you didn't think the Lion meant any harm? Why, he was only going
to whisper some royal secrets into your ear when you went off like a scared rabbit. You have rather disgusted him, and I'm
not sure he won't make the wolf King instead, unless you come back at once and show you've got some spirit. I promise
you he won't hurt you, and I will be your faithful servant." The Stag was foolish enough to be persuaded to return, and
this time the Lion made no mistake, but overpowered him, and feasted right royally upon his carcase. The Fox,
meanwhile, watched his chance and, when the Lion wasn't looking, filched away the brains to reward him for his trouble.
Presently the Lion began searching for them, of course without success: and the Fox, who was watching him, said, "I don't
think it's much use your looking for the brains: a creature who twice walked into a Lion's den can't have got any."

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