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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Lecture-05
Flexural Analysis and Design of
Two-way Slab System
(Part-I: Two Way Slabs Supported on Stiff
Beams Or Walls)

By: Prof Dr. Qaisar Ali

Civil Engineering Department

NWFP UET Peshawar


drqaisarali@nwfpuet.edu.pk

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 1

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Topics

Behavior of Two Way Slabs Supported on Stiff


Beams or Walls

Moment Coefficient Method

Steps in Moment Coefficient Method

Design Example 1

Design Example 2

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Behavior

Two-way Slab System (Long span/short span < 2)

25 25 25 25

20

20

20

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Behavior

Two-way Bending of Two-way slab

One-way Two-way

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Behavior

Two-way Bending of Two-way slab

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Behavior

Short direction moments in two-way slab

Short
Direction

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Behavior

Long direction moments in two-way slab

Long
Direction

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Behavior

More Demand (Moment) in short direction due to size of slab


central Strip = (5/384)wl4/EI

As these imaginary strips are part of monolithic slab, the deflection at any
point, of the two orthogonal slab strips must be same:

a = b

(5/384)wala4/EI = (5/384)wblb4/EI

wa/wb = lb4/la4 wa = wb (lb4/la4)

Thus, larger share of load (Demand) is taken by the shorter direction.

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Moment Coefficient
Method
The Moment Coefficient Method included for the first
time in 1963 ACI Code is applicable to two-way slabs
supported on four sides of each slab panel by walls,
steel beams relatively deep, stiff, edge beams (h =
3hf).

Although, not included in 1977 and later versions of


ACI code, its continued use is permissible under the
ACI 318-08 code provision (13.5.1). Visit ACI 13.5.1.

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method


Ma,neg

Moments: la
Mb,neg Mb,pos Ma,pos Mb,neg
Ma, neg = Ca, negwula2

Mb, neg = Cb, negwulb2 lb Ma,neg

Ma, pos, (dl + ll) = M a, pos, dl + M a, pos, ll = Ca, pos, dl wu, dl la2 + Ca, pos, ll wu, ll la2

Mb, pos, (dl + ll) = Mb, pos, dl + Mb, pos, ll = Cb, pos, dl wu, dl lb2 + Cb, pos, ll wu, ll lb2

Where Ca, Cb = Tabulated moment coefficients

wu = Ultimate uniform load, psf

la, lb = length of clear spans in short and long directions respectively.


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Moment Coefficient Method

Cases
Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:
4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0
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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

Cases
Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:
4 spans @ 25-0
3 spans @ 20-0

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Moment Coefficient Method

Cases
Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:
4 spans @ 25-0

3 spans @ 20-0
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 13

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

Cases
Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:
4 spans @ 25-0
3 spans @ 20-0

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Moment Coefficient Method

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

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Steps in Moment Coefficient Method

hmin = perimeter/ 180 = 2(la + lb)/180

Calculate loads on slab (force / area)

Calculate m = la/ lb

Decide about case of slab,

Use table to pick moment coefficients,

Calculate Moments and then design.

Apply reinforcement requirements (smax = 2hf, ACI 13.3.2)

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Design Example 1

Two Way Slab Analysis:

SDL

4 thick mud.

2 thick brick tile.

Live Load = 40 psf

wu = 0.211 ksf

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Design Example 1

Two Way Slab Analysis:

ACI Approximate analysis not applicable to one-way and two-


way mixed systems

Case 6 Case 6

One way

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Design Example 1

Two Way Slab Analysis:


12

wu = 1.2DL + 1.6LL = 0.211 ksf 16 Case 6


m = la/lb = 0.75 Ma,pos Ma,neg
Mb,pos
Ca,neg = 0.088; Cb,neg = 0;

Ca, posdl = 0.048; Ca,posll = 0.055;

Cb,posdl = 0.012; Cb,posll = 0.016

Ma,neg = Ca,negwula2 = 2.67 k-ft (32.04 k-in) ; Mb,neg = 0 ft-k

Ma,pos = 1.53 ft-k (18.36 in-k) ; Mb,pos = 0.712 ft-k = 8.544 in-k

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Comparison With SAP2000

Slab (Two-way)

Table: Two-way slab of room, 12 16


ACI
SAP
moment Percentage
Results
Coefficient Difference
Ma,pos 1.53 MA =1. 51 2
Ma,neg 2.67 MB = 2.5 -6

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Comparison With SAP2000

Slab (Two-way)

Table: Two-way slab of room, 12 16


ACI
SAP
Moment Percentage
Results
Coefficient Difference
Mb,pos 0.712 MC = 0.75 5
Mb,neg - MD = 0.02 -

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

House Design (Verandah slab), SAP2000 comparison

Table: Verandah 9 wide (Slab Short Direction Moment)


Percentage
ACI 318-99 SAP Results
Difference
1.628 (at A) -4
1.688
M (kip-in/in) 0.648 (at B) - 62

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

House Design (beam and column in verandah), SAP2000


comparison
Table: Beam and Column Analysis Comparison
(1) Beam moments.
Percentage
ACI 318-99 SAP Results
Difference
- 0 -
M,ext support (k-in)
M,mid span (k-in) 192.24 159 -17
235.08 269 13
M,int. support (k-in)

(2) Column axial force and moments.


Percentage
ACI 318-99 SAP Results
Difference
M (k-in) - 109 -
17.08 22 22
Axial force (kip)

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 29

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Design Example 2

A 100 60, 3-storey commercial building is to be designed.


The grids of column plan are fixed by the architect.

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Design Example 2

Complete analysis of the slab is done by analyzing four


panels

4 spans @ 25-0

Panel I Panel III Panel III Panel I

3 spans @ 20-0
Panel II Panel IV Panel IV Panel II

Panel I Panel III Panel III Panel I

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 31

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Design Example 2

A 100 60, 3-storey commercial building: Sizes and Loads.


Sizes:

Slab thickness = 7

Columns = 14 14

Beams = 14 20

Loads:

S.D.L = Nil ; Self Weight = 0.15 x (7/12) = 0.0875 ksf

L.L = 144 psf ; wu = 0.336 ksf

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method


Case = 4
m = la/lb = 0.8 4 spans @ 25-0
Panel I
Ca,neg = 0.071 Ma,neg
Mb,neg Mb,pos Mb,neg
Cb,neg = 0.029
Ma,pos
Ca,posLL = 0.048

3 spans @ 20-0
Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ma,neg
Ca,posDL = 0.039
Cb,posDL = 0.016

Ma,neg = 9.5 k-ft


Ma,pos = 6.1 k-ft
Mb,neg = 6.1 k-ft
Mb,pos = 3.9 k-ft
For slab supported on Spandrals, Mneg,ext = 1/3Mpos
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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method


Case = 9
m = la/lb = 0.8 4 spans @ 25-0
Panel II
Ca,neg = 0.075
Cb,neg = 0.017
Ca,posLL = 0.042
3 spans @ 20-0

Ma,neg
Cb,posLL = 0.017
Ca,posDL = 0.029 Mb,neg Mb,pos Mb,neg
Cb,posDL = 0.010 Ma,pos

Ma,neg = 10.1 k-ft Ma,neg


Ma,pos = 5.1 k-ft
Mb,neg = 3.6 k-ft
Mb,pos = 3.1 k-ft

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method


Case = 8
m = la/lb = 0.8 4 spans @ 25-0
Ma,neg
Panel III
Ca,neg = 0.055 Mb,neg Mb,pos Mb,neg
Cb,neg = 0.041
Ma,pos
Ca,posLL = 0.044

3 spans @ 20-0
Cb,posLL = 0.019 Ma,neg
Ca,posDL = 0.032
Cb,posDL = 0.015

Ma,neg = 7.4 k-ft


Ma,pos = 5.4 k-ft
Mb,neg = 8.6 k-ft
Mb,pos = 3.7 k-ft

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 35

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method


Case = 2
m = la/lb = 0.8 4 spans @ 25-0
Panel IV
Ca,neg = 0.065
Cb,neg = 0.027
Ca,posLL = 0.041
3 spans @ 20-0

Ma,neg
Cb,posLL = 0.017
Ca,posDL = 0.026 Mb,neg Mb,pos Mb,neg
Cb,posDL = 0.011 Ma,pos

Ma,neg = 8.7 k-ft Ma,neg


Ma,pos = 4.9 k-ft
Mb,neg = 5.7 k-ft
Mb,pos = 3.2 k-ft

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

Slab Analysis Summary


4 spans @ 25-0

9.5 7.4
3.9 3.7
6.1 6.1 6.1 8.6 5.4 8.6

3 spans @ 20-0
9.5 7.4
10.1 8.7

3.2 3.2
3.6 3.6 5.7 5.7
5.1 4.9
10.1 8.7

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 37

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Moment Coefficient Method

Slab Reinforcement Detail


4 spans @ 25-0

C C
A A
B B C B C
3 spans @ 20-0

C C
A= #4 @ 12
A A B = #4 @ 6
A B B
B B C = #4 @ 4
C C

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1


Load On Beams from coefficient tables 4 spans @ 25-0
B2
Table: Load on beam in panel I, using
Coefficients Panel I

3 spans @ 20-0
(wu = 0.336 ksf) B1
Width
(bs) of Load
slab due to
Bea B1
Length panel Wa Wb slab,
m
(ft) support Wwubs
ed by (k/ft)
beam B2
B1 25 10 0.71 - 2.39
B2 25 10 0.71 - 2.39
B4 B3 B3 B3 B4
B3 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22
B4 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 39

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1

Load On Beams from coefficient tables 4 spans @ 25-0


B2
Table: Load on beam in panel I, using
Coefficients Panel I
3 spans @ 20-0

(wu = 0.336 ksf) B1


Width
(bs) of Load
slab due to
Bea B1
Length panel Wa Wb slab,
m
(ft) support Wwubs
ed by (k/ft)
beam B2
B1 25 10 0.71 - 2.39
B2 25 10 0.71 - 2.39
B4 B3 B3 B3 B4
B3 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22
B4 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 40

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1


Load On Beams from coefficient tables 4 spans @ 25-0
B2

3 spans @ 20-0
Table: Load on beam in panel I, using
Coefficients B1
(wu = 0.336 ksf)
Width Panel II
(bs) of Load B1
slab due to
Bea
Length panel Wa Wb slab,
m
(ft) support Wwubs
ed by (k/ft) B2
beam
B1 25 10 0.83 - 2.78
B4 B3 B3 B3 B4
B3 20 12.5 - 0.17 0.714
B4 20 12.5 - 0.17 0.714

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 41

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1

Load On Beams from coefficient tables 4 spans @ 25-0


B2
3 spans @ 20-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using


Coefficients B1
(wu = 0.336 ksf)
Width Panel II
(bs) of Load B1
slab due to
Bea
Length panel Wa Wb slab,
m
(ft) support Wwubs
ed by (k/ft) B2
beam
B1 25 10 0.83 - 2.78
B4 B3 B3 B3 B4
B3 20 12.5 - 0.17 0.714
B4 20 12.5 - 0.17 0.714

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 42

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1


Load On Beams from coefficient tables 4 spans @ 25-0
B2

Panel III

3 spans @ 20-0
Table: Load on beam in panel I, using
B1
Coefficients
(wu = 0.336 ksf)
Width
(bs) of Load B1
slab due to
Bea
Length panel Wa Wb slab,
m
(ft) support Wwubs
B2
ed by (k/ft)
beam
B1 25 10 0.55 - 1.84 B4 B3 B3 B3 B4
B3 20 12.5 - 0.45 1.89

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 43

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1

Load On Beams from coefficient tables 4 spans @ 25-0


B2

Panel III
3 spans @ 20-0

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using


B1
Coefficients
(wu = 0.336 ksf)
Width
(bs) of Load B1
slab due to
Bea
Length panel Wa Wb slab,
m
(ft) support Wwubs
B2
ed by (k/ft)
beam
B1 25 10 0.55 - 1.84 B4 B3 B3 B3 B4
B3 20 12.5 - 0.45 1.89

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 44

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1


Load On Beams from coefficient tables 4 spans @ 25-0
B2

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using

3 spans @ 20-0
Coefficients
(wu = 0.336 ksf) B1
Width
(bs) of Load Panel IV
slab due to B1
Bea
Length panel Wa Wb slab,
m
(ft) support Wwubs
ed by (k/ft)
B2
beam
B1 25 10 0.71 - 2.39
B3 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22 B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 45

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1

Load On Beams from coefficient tables 4 spans @ 25-0


B2

Table: Load on beam in panel I, using


3 spans @ 20-0

Coefficients
(wu = 0.336 ksf) B1
Width
(bs) of Load Panel IV
slab due to B1
Bea
Length panel Wa Wb slab,
m
(ft) support Wwubs
ed by (k/ft)
beam B2
B1 25 10 0.71 - 2.39
B3 20 12.5 - 0.29 1.22
B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 46

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1

Load On Beams 4 spans @ 25-0

B2
2.39 k/ft 1.84 k/ft

1.22 k/ft 1.22 k/ft 1.89 k/ft 1.89 k/ft

2.39 k/ft 1.84 k/ft

3 spans @ 20-0
B1
2.77 k/ft 2.39 k/ft

0.71 k/ft 0.71 k/ft 1.22 k/ft 1.22 k/ft

2.77 k/ft 2.39 k/ft


B1

B2

B4 B3 B3 B3 B4
Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 47

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 1

Load On Beams 4 spans @ 25-0

B2
2.62 k/ft 2.07 k/ft

1.45 k/ft 3.34 k/ft


Loads
including self
3 spans @ 20-0

weight of B1
5.39 k/ft 4.46 k/ft
beams 0.23
kip/ft 0.94 k/ft 2.16 k/ft

B1

B2

B4 B3 B3 B3 B4
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Analysis of Beams

Load On Beams
(From Tributary area) 4 spans @ 25-0
B2

3 spans @ 20-0
Table: Load on beams (wu = 0.336 ksf) B1
Load
Span Tributary due to Self Total
Beam length, l area, At slab, Weight load
B1
(ft) (ft2) wuAt/l (k/ft) (k/ft)
(k/ft)
B1 25 300 4.03 0.23 4.26
B2 25 150 2.02 0.23 2.25 B2
B3 20 200 3.36 0.23 3.59
B4 20 100 1.68 0.23 1.91 B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 49

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Beams

Load On Beams
After loads are calculated on beams from either of the two methods
mentioned in the previous slides, analysis of beam(s) can be done
using ACI moment coefficients.

In this class however, we have analyzed beams for the loads


calculated on the basis of tributary area.

The students can analyze beams for loads calculated on the basis of
load coefficient tables as previously discussed.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 50

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Beams
wu

Integral with Simple


support support
ln ln ln

Positive
1/14 1/16 1/11 Moment
x w l 2
u n
Spandrel
support 1/24 1/10* 1/11 1/11 1/10* 0 Negative
Moment
Column
1/16 *1/9 (2 spans) x wuln2
support

* 1/12 (for all spans with ln < 10 ft)

Note: For simply supported slab, M = wul2/8, where l = span length (ACI 8.7).

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 51

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Beams

Analysis of Beams
Interior Beam B1

4 spans @ 25-0
B2
3 spans @ 20-0

B1

B1

B2

B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Beams

Analysis of Beams
Exterior Beam B2

4 spans @ 25-0
B2

B1 3 spans @ 20-0

B1

B2

B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 53

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Beams

Analysis of Beams
Interior Beam B3

4 spans @ 25-0
B2
3 spans @ 20-0

B1

B1

B2

B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 54

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Beams

Analysis of Beams
Exterior Beam B4

4 spans @ 25-0
B2

3 spans @ 20-0
B1

B1

B2

B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 55

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Columns

Analysis of Column
Axial Loads
Axial Load (C1) = Internal Shears from Beam B1 and B3= 2 58 +2 39 = 194 kip

Axial Load (C2) = External Shear from Beam B1 and Internal shear from B4

= 51 + 2 21= 93 kip

Axial Load (C3) = External Shear from Beam B3 and Internal shear from B2

= 33.79 + 2 31 = 95.79 kip

Axial Load (C4) = External Shears from Beam B2 and B4 = 27 + 18 = 45 kip

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 56

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Columns

4 spans @ 25-0

B2
C4 C3 C3 C3 C4

B1

3 spans @ 20-0
C2 C1 C1 C1 C2

B1
C2 C1 C1 C1 C2

C4 C3 C3 C3 C4
B2

B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 57

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Analysis of Columns
4 spans @ 25-0

B2
C4 C3 C3 C3 C4

B1
3 spans @ 20-0

C2 C1 C1 C1 C2

B1
C2 C1 C1 C1 C2
Analysis of Column
C4 C3 C3 C3 C4
B2
Moments
Column C4: B4 B3 B3 B3 B4

Column C4 (ME-W) = Exterior Moment from B2 = 40 ft-kip

Column C4 (MN-S) = Exterior Moment from B4 = 80 ft-kip

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 58

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Slab (Long direction moments)


SAP Moment Coefficients
4 spans @ 25-0

2.0 6.1 3.9 8.6 3.7 8.6

3 spans @ 20-0
1.0 3.1 3.6 5.7 3.2 5.7

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 59

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Slab (short direction moments)


SAP Moment Coefficients
4 spans @ 25-0

2.0 1.8

6.1 5.4
9.5 7.4
3 spans @ 20-0

10.1 8.7
5.1 4.9
10.1 8.7

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 60

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Interior Beam (B1) Shear Force Diagram

Coefficient method
SAP

58
51.75 39.7
40.11

58 58
43.6 39.5

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 61

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Exterior Beam (B2) Shear Force Diagram

Coefficient method
SAP

31
27 21.68
22.8

31 31
24.34 21.5

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 62

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Interior Beam (B3) Shear Force Diagram

Coefficient method
SAP

39
33.79 34.39
33.78

39 39
37.85 34.39

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 63

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Exterior Beam (B4) Shear Force Diagram

Coefficient method
SAP

21
18 26.6
22

21 21
28.5 26.6

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 64

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Interior Beam (B1) Bending Moment Diagram

Coefficient method
SAP

173 151
127 99

151
153 219 219
242
201 201
219

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 65

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Exterior Beam (B2) Bending Moment Diagram

Coefficient method
SAP

91 80
75 56

80
88 116 116
128
110 110
124

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 66

33
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Interior Beam (B3) Bending Moment Diagram

Coefficient method
SAP

91 80
96 69

80
100 115 115
128
140 140
149

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 67

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Comparison With SAP2000

Exterior Beam (B4) Bending Moment Diagram

Coefficient method
SAP

48 42
51 36

42
53 62 62
68
72 72
80

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 68

34
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 2


Similarly, slab analysis results of 25 20 structure.
4 spans @ 25-0
Slab thickness = 6

Panel I Panel III Panel III Panel I SDL = 40 psf


LL = 60 psf

3 spans @ 20-0
fc =3 ksi
fy = 40 ksi
Panel II Panel IV Panel IV Panel II
wu = 0.234 ksf

Panel I Panel III Panel III Panel I

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 69

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 2


Slab analysis summary
4 spans @ 25-0

6.6 5.1
2.6 2.4
4.2 4.0 4.2 6.0 3.5 6.0
3 spans @ 20-0

6.6 5.1
7 6.1
1.9 2.0
2.5 2.5 3.9 3.0 3.9
3.2
7 6.1

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 70

35
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs

Moment Coefficient Method: Example 3


Similarly, slab analysis results of 20 15 structure.
4 spans @ 20-0
Slab thickness = 6

Panel I Panel III Panel III Panel I SDL = 40 psf


LL = 60 psf

3 spans @ 15-0
fc =3 ksi
fy = 40 ksi
Panel II Panel IV Panel IV Panel II
wu = 0.234 ksf

Panel I Panel III Panel III Panel I

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 71

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Two Way Slabs


Moment Coefficient Method: Example 3
Slab analysis summary
4 spans @ 25-0

4 3.2
1.3 1.3
2.2 2.5 2.2 3.4 2.2 3.4
3 spans @ 20-0

4 3.2
4.1 3.6
0.9 1.0
1.3 1.3 2.1 1.8 2.1
2.0
4.1 3.6

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 72

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Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

References

CRSI Design Handbook

ACI 318

Design of Concrete Structures 13th Ed. by Nilson, Darwin and


Dolan.

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 73

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

The End

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 405 Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Spring 2012 74

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