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ROLLED BEAMS

Compact sections

Modes of Failure:
1. yielding
Premature failures
2. a. local buckling

tf
My
d f
I

FLANGES WEBS
L bf L d

r 2t f r tw

b. lateral-torsional buckling
lateral supports

Allowable bending stress, Fb

For compact section and bending
Fb = 0.66Fy
Fb = 0.75Fy

Sample:
150 kN
m Using A-36 steel, determine the lightest
105 kN section that can carry the load safely.
m Assume full lateral support.

0
Solution:
w(x)
R A 315 225 540kN
472.5 67.5 105

Point of zero shear:

45
w x x 105 5x 105 =
9
1 1 RA
2 540 105x w x x
2 2
1080 105x 5x 2 105x =
5x 210x 1080 0
2

x 4.6320m w x 128.16
+
4.6322
M pos 540 4.632 105 2 128.16 1292.1kN m
6
M M M 1292.1 106
f bx Req' d Sx 7894.1 103 mm3
Sx Fb 0.66Fy 0.66 248
W36 150, Sx 8259 103 mm3 lightest section
W33 152, Sx 7981 103 mm3

NON-COMPACT BEAMS

Flange

I-shaped rolled sections

b 170

bf t Fy

2t f ForA 36
170 almost all (except one W6)
10.795
248 have compact flanges
bf ForA 50
170
9.1525 most have compact flanges
345
Fb = (eqn 506-3)

Web

Compact
d 1680

tw Fy

1
For A 36 : d 106.68
tw
For A - 50 : d 90.448
tw
Fb = 0.6Fy
All rolled shapes have compact webs.